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lic Welfare Administration at Louisiana
State University, now in its second year,
has an enrollment of forty-three students,
representing all sections of Louisiana and
a part of Mississippi. The school gives
special attention to health and welfare
problems in the rural field. Six full time
faculty members, two part time lecturers,
one from the State Department of Pub-
lic Welfare and the other from the State
Board of Health, and five professors
from other departments in the university
constitute the teaching staff. Four train-
ing centers are used for field work. All
students who finished the first year's
work last spring were placed immediate-
ly. One is a federal probation officer, two
are connected with the Farm Security
Administration and the others are asso-
ciated with local and state departments
of public welfare. . . . Self-examination
is under way at the Graduate School for
Jewish Social Work, cocking a critical
eye at its curriculum to determine the
need for changes caused by changing con-
ditions. The school now has no first year
class, no new students having been ad-
mitted in the fall.

Fellowship Opportunity awaits a
young woman less than five years out of
college in the form of a $1400 public ser-
vice fellowship for a year of graduate
study in history, economics, government
and social science. March 1 is the dead-
line for applications for the fellowship,
established by the Women's Organiza-
tion for National Prohibition Reform
and awarded annually by the faculty of
Barnard College to a college graduate
who shows promise of usefulness in pub-
lic service. Studies may be pursued in any
approved college. Address inquiries to
the Public Service Fellowship Commit-
tee, Barnard College, Columbia Univer-
sity, New York.

Nursing Experiment First experi-
ment in an integrated community nurs-
ing service to be tried in this country is
in operation in Rhinebeck, N. Y. There,
any person or family in need of a public
health nurse, a private duty nurse, an
hourly nurse or an institutional nurse
makes application through a central office.
Working in close connection with the lo-
cal hospital, the service is backed by a citi-
zens' committee including laymen, doctors
and nurses. The experiment was instiga-
ted by a joint committee on community
nursing service set up by the American



Nurses' Association, the National League
of Nursing Education and the National
Organization for Public Health Nursing.

Through the Mill The College of
Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia Uni-
versity, reports that last May about 1100
students in 154 colleges and universities
applied for enrollment in the entering
class. Of these, 113 from thirty-nine dif-
ferent colleges were accepted. The sur-
vival rates are indicated by the second
year enrollment, 104; third year, 97;
fourth year, 91.

People and Things

TTHEIR first quarter of a century of
service at the New York Association
for Improving the Condition of the Poor
completed, Bailey B. Burritt, general di-
rector, and William H. Matthews, direc-
tor of the department of family welfare,
were honored at a recent meeting of the
association's board and presented with
silver gifts to commemorate their ser-
vices. Said Mr. Burritt: "More than any-
thing else in my twenty-five years with
the AICP, I have been impressed by the
increasing social-mindedness on the part
of the average citizen of New York
City." Said Mr. Matthews: "I start an-
other twenty-five years of service with
the firm conviction that we need not wor-
ry about the 'moral fiber' of those on re-
lief."

State Divisions First director of the
Indiana State Welfare Department's di-
vision of medical care is Dr. George C.
Stevens, psychiatrist for the department's
division of correction. Under the super-
vision of the new division are five state
mental hospitals, two institutions for the
feebleminded, a colony for epileptics, a
soldiers' home, and a sanatorium. . . .
The Ohio State Welfare Department's
newly created division of mental diseases
has as its commissioner Dr. Jesse F. Bate-
man, superintendent of the Columbus
State Hospital.

In Massachusetts the legislature has
changed the name of the Department of
Mental Disease to the Department of
Mental Health. In the same law the
legislative body abolished the old unpaid
board of associate commissioners, plac-
ing in its stead an assistant commissioner
at the disposal of the commissioner.
Heading the reorganized department is
Dr. Clifton T. Perkins.

Broadened Horizons Art through
touch is now available to the blind of
San Francisco where the De Young Me-
morial Museum has organized an ex-
hibit especially arranged for the sightless.
Articles placed on tables or low shelves
are tabbed with descriptions in braille
and include varied collections, ranging



DECEMBER 1938



393



from African instruments and ancient
pottery to sculptured masterpieces. The
display has a triple interest for its visi-
tors: industrial or craft, historical and
aesthetic. It was arranged under the di-
rection of Eltha Wulff, educational direc-
tor of the museum, and Mrs. John Wai-
lacker, chairman of braille for the San
Mateo County chapter of the American
Red Cross.

Literary blind children are again com-
peting in an annual world-wide short
story contest for blind boys and girls con-
ducted by the Searchlight, a children's
braille magazine edited and printed by
the sightless at the Lighthouse of the
New York Association for the Blind. The
winner of the contest, which closes Feb-
ruary 1, will receive a cash prize donated
by Thomas S. McLane, treasurer of the
association. The Searchlight's ten yearly
issues are distributed free to blind chil-
dren throughout the world.

Presidents Dr. Fred G. Carter of
Christ Hospital, Cincinnati, has been elect-
ed president of the American Hospital
Association to take the place of the re-
tiring president, Dr. Harvey Agnew of
the Canadian Hospital Council. . . . New
president of the New York State Con-
ference of Social Work is Leon Abbott,
commissioner of the Department of Wel-
fare, Syracuse, N. Y. The 1939 meeting
will be in Rochester.

Public Service Lucille M. Smith,
former director of the medical service of
the Chicago Relief Administration has
gone to Washington as technical adviser
in the bureau of public assistance of the
Social Security Board. Mrs. Smith was
largely responsible for the development
of a public medical relief program in
Chicago and was notably successful in
winning for it the confidence and cooper-
ation of the medical and dental profes-
sions and public and private health agen-
cies. In her new position, she will advise
with state authorities on their medical
programs for people benefited under the
Social Security Act, and will act as a
medical liaison officer between the Social
Security Board, the United States Pub-
lic Health Service and the Children's
Bureau.

Seldon C. Menefee has deserted the
academic shades of the department of so-
ciology at the University of Washington,
Seattle, for social research with WPA,
his particular job being associate analyst
in the urban section of the division of so-
cial research. Professor Menefee is an
occasional and always valued contributor
to Survey Midmonthly, his most recent
article [September 1937] having been an
analysis and discussion of the American
standard of living as shown by certain
WPA studies.

Milton O. Loysen is the newly ap-
pointed head of the division of placement



and unemployment insurance in the New
York State Labor Department. He suc-
ceeds Paul Sifton now in Washington as
deputy administrator of the wages and
hours division. For the past seven years,
Mr. Loysen has been special deputy su-
perintendent of insurance in the state ser-
vice. At thirty-six he steps into a $10,000
job with some 5000 workers under his
direction.

Nurses All First nurse ever to hold
a position on the Wisconsin State Board
of Health is Amalia Olson Baird, ap-
pointed by the governor for a seven-year
period of service. Mrs. Baird represented
the Wisconsin State Nurse's Association
on the Wisconsin Bureau of Nursing Ed-
ucation. . . . Ida F. Butler has resigned
as director of the American Red Cross
Nursing Service, recently merged with the
Red Cross Public Health Nursing and
Home Hygiene Service. [See Survey Mid-
monthly, November 1938, page 360.] Miss
Butler, who has been with the Red Cross
since 1918, is a member of the board of
directors of the American Nurses Associa-
tion. . . . Formerly superintendent of nurses
at McKinley Memorial Hospital, Tren-
ton, N. J., Thelma Ryan has become di-
rector of the school of nursing at the Mil-
lard Fillmore Hospital, Buffalo, N. Y.
. . . Temple University Hospital has a
new director of nursing, E. Louise Grant,
former director of the school of nursing
and nursing service at the Allentown
(Pa.) General Hospital. . . . Janet Def-
andorf, recently educational director of
nurses at the Central Dispensary and
Emergency Hospital, Washington, D. C.,
succeeds Priscilla T. Hall as superinten-
dent of nurses at the Paterson General
Hospital, Paterson, N. J. Miss Hall is
now superintendent of the school of nurs-
ing at the Starling-Loving Hospital, Co-
lumbus, Ohio.

Around the Agencies No Gorgon,
the Yonkers (N. Y.) Family Service So-
ciety can, however, produce two case work-
ers for one lost. Gone: Phyllis Moulton
to the Catholic Charities of Brooklyn to
train students of the Fordham Univer-
sity School of Social Work. Come: Helen
M. Gossett, formerly psychiatric social
worker at the Northern New Jersey
Mental Hygiene Clinics, and Florence L.
Stevens from the Family Service Society,
Buffalo, N. Y. . . . Recent newcomer to
the staff of the New York Travelers' Aid
Society is Helen B. Laughlin who a year
or so ago, while with the Mother's As-
sistance Fund, Philadelphia, contributed
to Survey Midmonthly a lively and much
quoted article, "Morals and Mothers." . . .
From Holyoke, Mass., where she has
been director of social service in the Holy-
oke Hospital, Mary H. Roberts has gone
to Orange, N. J. to become director of
the social service and admitting depart-
ments of the Orange Memorial Hospital.
. . . New Italian secretary of the Inter-



national Institute of the YWCA in
Brooklyn is Rosina Martella, formerly
assistant director of the Federal Hill
House, Providence, R. I. . . . Resigning
as executive of the Council of Social
Agencies in Troy, N. Y., Louis Serene
has gone to the Council of Social Agen-
cies in Winnipeg, Canada, to fill a similar
executive position.

Deaths

ELLA PHILLIPS CRANDALL, pioneer in the
development of the public health nursing
movement and first executive secretary
of the National Organization for Public
Health Nursing. At the time of her
death, Miss Crandall was the director of
the Payne Fund, New York, organized
for the study of literature and other ed-
ucational influences on the lives of young
children.

FRANK MILLER, executive secretary of
the Georgia State Conference on Social
Work, from 1928 to 1935 director of the
Atlanta Community Chest and for a time
director of the Fulton County Depart-
ment of Public Welfare.

WILLIAM F. JOHNSON, for twenty-four
years a member of the staff of the Chil-
dren's Aid Society of New York, from
which he retired last January. Mr. John-
son's outstanding service was in the trans-
formation of the society's industrial
schools, established in the early days to
supplement the public school system, into
modern health, recreation and service
centers.

CALVIN DERRICK, suddenly, at the New
Jersey State Home for Boys of which he
had been superintendent for eleven years.
Mr. Derrick was an associate of the late
Thomas Mott Osborne when the latter
was warden of Sing Sing Prison, New
York, in 1916. He later was identified
with various correctional institutions on
all of which he left the impress of his
progressive philosophy and methods. He
was a past president of the American j
Prison Association.

HENRY BENTLEY of Cincinnati, an occa-j
sional and always valued contributor toj
Survey Midmonthly and Survey Graphic,
a leader in the National Municipal League
and the National Proportional Represen-
tation League and a moving spirit in the
well known Cincinnati Charter Com-
mittee.

THE REV. WILLIAM MEEGAN, at the age
of forty-three, director of the Buffalo,
N. Y. Catholic Charities, and active in
the National Conference of Catholic
Charities. Father Meegan was deeply
concerned with education for social work
and served as adviser and consultant to
the University of Buffalo School of So-
cial Work and to the Catholic University '
School of Social Work in Washington, j



394



SURVEY MIDMONTHLY



Book Reviews



The Challenge of Facts

WORK ACCIDENTS TO MINORS IN ILLI-
N< >!.-.. by Earl E. Klein. University of Chi-
cago Press. 256 pp. Price 1 postpaid of
Survey Uijmonlkly.

IT is obvious that a university cannot
lobby. But a university can unearth and
assemble the factual data essential to a
successful legislative campaign and sug-
gest what form legislation should take.

This is exactly what the School of So-
cial Service Administration of the Uni-
versity of Chicago has done in "Work
Accidents to Minors in Illinois." Work-
ing under the general supervision of Grace
Abbott and with assistance from the staff
of the school and students on NYA schol-
arships, Dr. Klein has made a compre-
hensive analysis of industrial accidents to
minors under eighteen in Illinois. Based
on factual data from 1233 industrial ac-
cident records, supplemented by home in-
terviews with 530 of the injured young
people, information is presented as to the
causes, nature and extent of injuries, the
amount of compensation received and how
it was spent, and the social and economic
effects of the injuries upon the minors
themselves.

Dr. Klein set out "to determine wheth-
er the working children and young people
were adequately protected by the law and
administrative procedure adopted for its
enforcement." The answer is an emphatic
"No." Hundreds of boys and girls under
eighteen are injured each year, often
needlessly, many of them permanently
handicapped for work. Ignorant of their
rights under the compensation law, some-
times at the mercy of unscrupulous em-
ployers, they compromise their settle-
ments for less than is due; and are forced,
many of them, to use large portions of
their compensation money for medical care
and attorneys' fees. With no advice or
counsel in planning their future, they frit-
ter their money away and are left grop-
ing for some way to regain self-support.
Dr. Klein offers definite legislative rec-
ommendations. He urges that the mini-
mum age for employment be raised to
sixteen and for hazardous occupations to
eighteen, with an eight-hour day, forty-
hour week for minors under eighteen.
Other proposals are: changes in the com-
pensation law extending coverage to agri-
cultural employment and street trades;
raising the basic rate for compensation;
providing awards for types of injuries
not now covered (such as the partial loss
of hearing) ; adoption of a medical panel
system ; limitation of attorneys' fees, and
authorizing the industrial commission to
place compensation in trust and appoint
guardians in cases involving awards to
minors of more than $250.
A legislative job has been cut out for



the social workers of Chicago. If they
are true to their tradition, the Illinois
legislature will be confronted this winter
with concrete bills embodying Dr. Klein's
suggestions and with a powerful lobby for
their support.

GERTRUDE FOLKS ZIMAND
National Child Labor Committee

For Orientation

MANUAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND MENTAL
HYGIENE, by Aaron J. Rosanoff, M.D. Wiley.
1091 pp. Price $7.50 postpaid of Survey Mid-
monthly.

A FTER eleven years, the seventh edi-
tion of Dr. Rosanoff's excellent man-
ual appears. Rewritten and enlarged, re-
organized in thought, it represents per-
sonal thinking and selective compilation
of data relating to human inadequacy and
maladjustment.

The author offers the broad back-
ground essential for proper orientation,
and then sets forth principles relating to
diagnosis and prognosis and outlines
modes of procedure for therapeusis and
prophylaxis. He has successfully incor-
porated the scientific data derived dur-
ing the past decade from psychology, biol-
ogy and allied fields into the findings of
growing psychiatric experience.

While written primarily for students
in the psychiatric field, Dr. Rosanoff's
volume is a useful reference for social
workers. He has elaborated the prob-
lems of chaotic sexuality, a term he sub-
stitutes for the concept of schizophrenia,
and has indicated the problems of eu-
genics and the mental hygiene of child-
hood and adolescence as carefully as the
symptomatology of mental disorders.

A successful textbook results, giving
an authoritative, comprehensive view of
the practical aspects of psychiatry and
mental hygiene.
New York IRA S. WILE, M.D.

Crusading Document

THE CHALLENGE OF HOUSING, by Lang
don W. Post. Farrar & Rinehart. 309 pp. Price
$3.50 postpaid of Survey MidmontMy.



this is a crusading document
filled with many personal experi-
ences and judgments, it is, nonetheless, a
vivid story of housing, excellently and in-
terestingly told. Mr. Post has drawn upon
his four years' experience as chairman of
the New York City Housing Authority
and head of the Tenement House De-
partment to champion the plight of the
slum dweller. He builds up his philosophy
(and it's a fighting philosophy) by clever-
ly weaving together accounts of tragic
deaths in tenement house fires with other
factual and historical data, and puts his
finger on most of the forces associated
with tradition, selfishness, and public apa-
thy that have stood in the way of secur-



DECEMBER 1938



ing an adequate re-housing program for
every city.

In dealing with the opposition, which
he finds inside as well as outside the hous-
ing movement, Mr. Post cites chapter,
verse, and person. His differences with
policies of local political leaders show his
concern at housing becoming a political
football ; and his differences with federal
housing officials in Washington indicate
his firm belief in home rule. While point-
ing out the dangers of well meaning but
half thought out ideas, and condemning
most of the practices of private enterprise
in the housing field, he makes a logical
plea for a program combining the values
of "public utility" housing with outright
government ownership and operation.
Public utility housing is explained as hous-
ing provided by corporations, privately
financed and managed, yet controlled as
to structure, function, and profit by pub-
lic regulations similar to those controlling
telephone and power companies.

In other words, Mr. Post has a solu-
tion within the framework of the present
system whereby the best practices of the
public utility business can be applied to
housing and be made to serve adequately
the needs of approximately two thirds of
the urban population. The "one third ill-
housed" must become a responsibility of
government. And if order is to be made
out of the present chaos, both private and
public operations should be controlled and
their respective areas defined by a plan-
ning commission vested with authority
and power to undertake the tremendous
task of rebuilding on a large scale.

This hook is a valuable addition to
housing literature. While many of the de-
tailed proposals will not be applicable in
all cities, the basic thesis holds.
Pittsburgh, Pa. JOSEPH P. TUFTS

An "Indispensable"

WHAT OF THE BLIND? edited by Helga
Lende. American Foundation for the Blind
month*"' Pr ' Ce * 2 postpaid of Sur v f y Mid-

DESCRIBED in the sub-title as "a
survey of the development and scope
of present-day work with the blind," this
publication takes its place with the "in-
dispensables" on a social worker's book-
shelf. Under nine main divisions of the
subject are nineteen articles by almost
as many authors presenting information
from experts physicians, educators, pub-
lic welfare officials, psychologists, social
workers, librarians all distinguished by
their firsthand acquaintance through re-
search or actual practice with the various
aspects of work with the blind. The vol-
ume has a unity unusual in such a col-
laboration.

The introductory general survey by
Robert B. Irwtn, describing blindness and
resources for aid, gives an excellent orien-
tation to the person who is beginning
work with the blind. The sections that
follow on Causes and Prevention of

395



Blindness, the Blind Preschool Child,
Education of the Young Blind, Psychol-
ogy of the Blind, Social Adjustment of
the Adult Blind, Volunteer Work with
the Blind, Reading and Recreation, and
Sources for Research are rich in factual
and interpretive information. A reading
list at the end of each chapter is a guide
to further study.

The reader is impressed by the hope-
fulness of efforts expended in preventing
blindness and in helping those who be-
come blind to use their potential capaci-
ties to the full. Although the extent of
blindness is not so great from 1 to 1.5
per 1000 of the general population we
are told that probably not more than 25
percent of blindness is inevitable. Since
the majority of the blind are over fifty
years of age, careful eye examinations
at first indication of failing sight are im-
portant, as well as preventive measures
and safety devices. In the education and
placement of the blind, the development
of a well rounded personality is empha-
sized. Here it is that the social worker's
function is important in bringing to bear
an understanding of intellectual, emo-
tional and social factors that affect de-
velopment of either child or adult in any
situation. The chapters on the blind under
the Social Security Act and the func-
tions of a state agency for the blind show
present trends in organization of services.

Schools of social work will find this a
useful reference book in such courses as
social case work, medical information,
and public welfare adminstration. It is, of
course, of especial interest and value to
persons engaged in administering and de-
veloping the new public social services
for the blind. ARLIEN JOHNSON

Graduate School of Social Work
University of Washington, Seattle

P.S. They Got the Jobs

WE ARE FORTY AND WE DID GET JOBS,
by C. B. Thompson and M. L. Wise. Lippin-
cott. 255 pp. Price $1.47 postpaid of Sun'ey
Midmonthly.

PRACTICAL, specific advice on how
to take your talents to market and put
your personality across in that greatest
of all jobs, job-getting, makes this book
an excellent pick-me-up for the discour-
aged unemployed-and-over-forty. Two
women, both past what so often and so
unnecessarily has been called the dead-
line, proved over a period of ten weeks,
in cities ranging from a metropolis down
to a small town, and in a wide variety of
fields of employment, that they actually
could get jobs. The "formula" that they
worked out as a matter of technique in
job-ge.tting suggests abracadabra, but on
analysis shows excellent common sense;
definite "dos and don'ts" that can be fol-
lowed by anyone moderately intelligent
and willing to face her (or his) employ-
ment problem with honesty and grit. No
theories of economics, psychology or soci-
ology enter; the aim is wholly practical.



The authors give short shrift to the
frequent martyr attitude of the past-forty
employable person and, instead, direct him
to analyzing situations that may produce
a job where none seems to exist and to
analyzing the requirements of a specific
job, his own qualifications and experience
for it (often much broader than at first
appears), and the best approach to make
to the prospective employer.

"Little business" comes into its own in
this book, for in little business age rules
are not rigid, and a job-seeker with ideas
and a fresh approach frequently can in-
terview the man who runs the business,
shapes its policies, and makes its final de-
cisions. Now and then a reported inter-
view or a letter, such as the answer to an
advertisement for a companion during
convalescence, sounds a shade too smooth,
and one wonders whether an employer
might not marvel that so perfect an an-
swer to prayer could be forthcoming even
in the great recession. On the whole this
is an excellent how-to book, hopeful be-
cause the authors proved their right to
be so. GERTRUDE BARNES FIERTZ



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