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56



SURVEY MIDMONTHLY



Supervising Case Worker; Routine and
Mivlianical Procedures and Devices; Use
of the Group in Supervision; Personnel
Fill - and Evaluation Reports on Staff;
A District Office Library; Training Plan
for New Junior Emergency Workers.
(Supervision: Some Devices and Meth-
ods Used by the Family Service Division
of the Chicago Relief Administration, 43
pp. mimeographed. Price 25 cents.

People and Things

I OULA F. DUNN, lately on the field
staff of the Social Security Board and
before that with the Federal Emergency
Relief Administration, has been ap-
pointed oommis-
2sioner of public
welfare of Ala-
bama, her home
state. Since her ap-
pointment Miss
Dunn has been
made a member of
the advisory com-
mittee of the child
welfare division of
the U.S. Children's

Bureau and of the board of the Child
Welfare League of America, connections
hailed by the child welfare workers of
Alabama as most encouraging for their
program. In a recent letter to Survey
Miilmonthly Miss Dunn expressed par-
ticular zest for her new job because
"Alabama, with its present legal and
financial machinery, has the setting for
a really sound public welfare program."

Turnover Eleanor W. Mumford,
K.N., has left the assistant directorship of
the National Organization for Public
Health Nursing to become associate for
nursing activities with the National So-
ciety for Prevention of Blindness. She suc-
ceeds Francia Baird Crocker, R.N., now
Mrs. Francis J. Carr. . . . The Nurse
Placement Service, Chicago, has an-
nounced the appointment of Anna L.
Tittman from the Joint Vocational Ser-
vice, New York, as executive director,
succeeding Adda Eldridge, R.N., recent-
ly resigned.

Albert B. Stoneman, for fifteen years
general secretary of the Michigan Chil-
dren's Aid Society and more recently
headworker of South End House, Bos-
ton, has been chosen executive secretary
of the Children's Home and Aid Society
of Wisconsin. . . . Miriam Steep has re-
signed as secretary of the sections on
health administration and health educa-
tion of the New York City Welfare
Council. . . . Fannie B. Shaw, who has
been secretary of school health education
on the staff of the National Tuberculosis
Association resigned recently to return
to her native state of Georgia as director
of a new bureau of health education for
the State Department of Health. Holland



Hudson, from the Hamilton County Tu-
berculosis Sanatorium of Cincinnati,
Ohio, has joined the NTA staff in charge
of the national rehabilitation program.

Honors The 1937 Roll of Honor,
published by The Living Church, organ
of the Protestant Episcopal denomina-
tion, includes Mrs. John M. Glenn, cited
for her "distinguished services as presi-
dent of the Church Mission of Help and
in the Family Welfare Association of
America," as well as for her "many
worthwhile contributions to the cause of
Christian social service.'

William Edwin Hall, president of the
Boys' Clubs of America since 1916, was
given the award of "club of champions"
by the Catholic Youth Organization at a
recent dinner. The citation recognized
Mr. Hall for his "service and devotion to
the cause of youth."

The Gimbel award, given annually to
Philadelphia's "outstanding woman of
the year," was presented for 1937 to
Mrs. Robert R. P. Bradford, seventy-
two-year-old social worker, who fifty-one
years ago founded The Lighthouse, a
community organization for mill work-
ers. The award carries with it a check
for $1000.

Stanley M. Isaacs, borough president
nt Manhattan and president of the
United Neighborhood Houses of New
York, received from the Neighborhood
House of the Brooklyn, N. Y. Philan-
thropic League its annual gold medal
award for his work in behalf of the
city's settlement houses.

New Jobs Eula B. Stokely has been
appointed director of Volunteer Special
Services for the midwestern area of the
American Red Cross. Since 1918 she
has been on the staff of the St. Louis
branch office. . . . Anne Camacho, late-
ly of the supervisory staff of the New
York City Emergency Relief Bureau, is
now supervisor of child welfare services
for Morris County, N. J. . . . Mar-
garet Woll, who last summer became
director of field activities for the Ken-
tucky State Department of Public Wel-
fare, is taking six months leave to study
at the School of Social Service Admin-
istration, Chicago, after which she will
return to Kentucky as director of in-
service training.

Colonel J. H. Bigley, at one time
deputy director of the late New Jersey
Emergency Relief Administration, has
been given the new post of director of
the Brooklyn, N. Y. chapter of the
American Red Cross. Julia Holder, who
has been executive secretary, becomes
assistant director. . . . The Rev. Hugh
Chamberlin Burr of Detroit is the new-
executive secretary of the Federation of
Churches of Rochester and Monroe
County, N. Y.

Florence Kelley, who carries the name



of her distinguished grandmother, the
late Florence Kelley, recently was ap-
pointed to the staff of District Attorney
Thomas E. Dewey of New York as law
assistant. A graduate of Smith College
and of Yale University Law School, Miss
Kelley has been a juvenile court social
worker. The only other woman on Mr.
Dewey's legal staff is Eunice Carter,
Negro, who works in the abandonment
bureau, the indictment bureau and the
court of special sessions.

Bart Andress has been appointed direc-
tor of publicity and finance for the Child
Study Association of America, duties
which he adds to his work for the Ethi-
cal Culture movement and schools.

USHA Personnel J. A. Latimer
has been appointed assistant to the ad-
ministrator, United States Housing Au-
thority, with Warren Vinton acting chief
of project review, Jacob L. Crane, act-
ing director of project planning division
and A. C. Shire, acting director of tech-
nical divison the last three well known
to housers. M. Farmer Murphy heads
the Bureau of Informaton, assisted by
Tyrrel Krum as director of press serv-
ice and Ernest M. CuIIigan, director of
a speakers' bureau.

London News American social work-
ers who have visited the London Char-
ity Organization Society almost any time
during the past thirty-odd years will be
interested to hear of the retirement from
active service of Hilda M. Kelly, whose
forceful and salty personality impressed
everyone who encountered her. . . . An-
other message from London tells of the
death of William Edwin Hincks, well
remembered in this country as one of the
representatives of the London COS at
the conference on family life held in Buf-
falo in 1927 on the occasion of the fiftieth
anniversary of the COS in America.

Concerning M.D.s Dr. Thomas E.
Morgan of Florida, has been appointed
as a regional medical consultant on the
staff of the U. S. Children's Bureau,
succeeding Dr. A. L. Van Horn. Dr.
Morgan's duties will concern adminis-
tration of maternal and child health
services and services for crippled chil-
dren under the social security act. Dr.
Van Horn is now assistant director of
the crippled children's division.

Dr. Jules V. Coleman, formerly of
Grasslands Hospital, Westchester Coun-
ty, N. Y., is now resident psychiatrist at
the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society
of New York. Nathaniel Held heads the
school which is in Pleasantville, N. Y.
. . . Dr. H. Jackson Davis recently was
appointed chief medical officer on the
staff of the New York State Department
of Welfare. For six years he was the
liaison officer between the department,
the FERA, WPA, and other emergency
relief and public health agencies.



l-KBRUARY 1938



57



Readers Write



"That Which Is"

To THE EDITOR: May I invite the sug-
gestions of your readers to an area of
social work which at present appears
confused and undirected.

Today public welfare and social work
administrators may well ask what is
social work publicity. That little'
Johnny, aged thirteen, shot himself in
order that his starving mother and
siblings might have more to eat is not
the fuel upon which reader interest can
be motivated toward constructive social
action. The real tragedy is not Johnny's
heroic but foolish death. Those factors
in our community which breed a situa-
tion making Johnny's unfortunate death
"reader news," are the real tragedy.
Human welfare should not be an in-
dividual headline story, but the "finan-
cial page report" of the well-being of
our nation from bottom to top and all
around.

Historically, this suggested approach
seems sound. Dorothea Dix's terse, frill-
free Memorials, in which she enumer-
ated simply what she saw, served as a
singularly potent weapon in her success-
ful fight against the then barbaric han-
dling of the mentally ill. On the other
hand, the "human-interest" appeal of
Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's
Cabin claims the fame of flaming an
already confused nation into war.

Right now John Q. Public needs to
understand "that which is" in connection
with social work. "Dog-collar tags,"
'The Hundred Neediest Cases," and
little Johnny's suicide obviously do not
clear away the present muddled misun-
derstanding of social service. We must
forget the fallacy of "human-interest,"
and as social workers, newspapermen
and publicists, learn to report intel-
ligibly the facts upon which the public
can do some solid thinking. The chal-
lenge is to master the art of making
public information public.

CARL B. FLAXMAN
Chicago Relief Administration

Two-Way Rights

To THE EDITOR: The right of the indi-
vidual to exchange his goods or his serv-
ices with any other individual as he sees
fit is as fundamental and inalienable as
the right to live. The right to work is
but a phase of this right to exchange
services for goods. The right to employ
workers is another phase of the same
right. Neither of these phases should
be abridged by arbitrary means or pro-
cedure.

If we concede the right of the worker



to quit work when he wants to, we must
concede the right of the employer to quit
operating, to shut up his shop or his
plant when he sees fit. If we concede
the right of the worker to work for
whom he pleases, we must also concede
the right of the employer to employ
whom he pleases. The right of the work-
er to strike is no more inalienable than
the right of the employer to close his
shop.

If the worker has a vested interest in
his job, then the employer has a vested
interest in the workman's services; for
both are parties to an exchange opera-
tion. If the worker has a vested interest
in his job, then the customer at the store
has a vested interest in the store from
which he buys his supplies. If the cus-
tomer has a vested interest in the store,
then the storekeeper has a vested inter-
est in the property of the customer; for
both are parties to an exchange of goods
or an equivalent.

In the end we must realize that there
are two parties to an exchange of goods
and services. What we concede to one
party, we must concede to the other.
Jefferson City, Mo. R. C. BARNETT

Here to Stay

To THE EDITOR: With one fell swoop
of his totalitarian pen, Mayor Frank
("I am the law") Hague of Jersey City
would fain abolish juvenile courts in his
state. Such a proposal naturally is
alarming to the National Probation As-
sociation, interested as it is in the pro-
tection of children from police and
criminal procedure.

For courts and correctional institu-
tions for children, Mayor Hague would
substitute the Bureau of Special Service,
which he established in Jersey City in
1931. This bureau seeks to coordinate
the work _of the public schools and the
police department. Directed by Thomas
W. Hopkins, assistant superintendent in
charge of compulsory education, it deals
with school attendance cases and also,
in the first instance, with all children
arrested by the police. Although the
mayor says that policemen cannot "lay
a finger" on alleged delinquent boys, the
unit of the Jersey City bureau which
deals with such boys at present is staffed
largely by police.

We believe that the Bureau of Special
Service has great possibilities for good
in dealing with school cases and in ad-
justing minor delinquencies that do not
need the authority and the thorough case
work treatment which only a well
equipped children's court is capable of

58



giving. But such a bureau cannot tak<
the place of the court.

As a matter of fact, whether Mayo
Hague likes it or not, children's o
juvenile courts have come to stay as an
implement for the protection of children
from police and criminal court han->
dling. But juvenile courts must be
equipped to give thorough individua
treatment through humane judges, clin-
ics and probation staffs, trained ancl
equipped to deal with children. When sc
equipped, juvenile courts play a leading
role in the prevention of crime.

In opposition to Mayor Hague's dia-
tribe against children's courts, we need
only to point out that such courts are
to be found in forty-seven states. If
Mayor Hague is right, the legislatures
of forty-seven American commonwealths
are wrong. If Mayor Hague is right,
then the best penological and crimino-
logical thought in the United States is
wrong. If Mayor Hague is right, the
nation's leading psychologists and hu-
manitarians are wrong.
Executive director CHARLES L. CHUTE
National Probation Association

Children of Spain

To THE EDITOR: The Social Workers
Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy,
has had a recent cable from the Chil-
dren's Commission in Paris urgently ap-
pealing for immediate funds for the
purchase of milk for the children of:
Madrid. According to the cable, the-
Ministry of Public Health of Spain re-
ports that the health and lives of thou-
sands of babies in Madrid are seriously
endangered unless friends of other coun-
tries come to their help at once. The so-
cial workers committee, which contrib-
uted the sum of $600 during December
for relief to Spain's children, authorized!
part of that contribution to be used for
one ton of powdered milk. It also al-
located $262 to the Ethel Taylor Me-
morial Home for refugee children in'
Spain, which the New York chapter of
the committee is supporting.

A recent international conference in
Paris, attended by representatives of re-
lief committees in seventeen countries,
laid plans for intensifying a world-wide
campaign for aid to Spain's children.
The social workers committee was rep-
resented by Constance Kyle who heads
a committee to coordinate all relief
groups operating in Spain, its purpose to
assure the most efficient and purposeful
collaboration in the interests of the chil-
dren.

All inquiries and funds to the social
workers committee should be addressed
to the national office, 381 Fourth Ave-
nue, New York City.
Executive secretary JAN B. CHAKIN
Social Workers Committee
to Aid Spanish Democracy






Conference Travelers' Notebook

rHOSE who attend the sixty-fifth National Confer-
ence of Social Work, meeting in Seattle June 26 to
uly 2. will have a chance to enjoy some of the most
jpctacular scenery the country affords, to explore two of
w great national parks Glacier and Yellowstone and
o visit the Grand Coulee Dam, one of the engineering

f the Power Age.

Seattle itself is the industrial, commercial and transpor-

ation center of the Pacific Northwest. In the eighty-six

-ince it was founded as a trading post in the wilder-

has grown to a metropolis of more than 400,000

nhahitants. Located on Puget Sound, the largest inland

sea in the world, lying between the Cascade and the Olym-

jic mountains, Seattle is the biggest city in the northwestern

corner of the United States. With its great natural harbor

and its position as the American port nearest the Orient

nd Alaska, it inevitably has become a transportation center.

A fleet of passenger and freight ships plies regularly be-
ween Seattle and Alaska; each summer thousands of pas-
sengers are carried to the Territory, which is increasingly
popular as a colorful and "different" vacation land. The
-itv is also the terminal of four transcontinental railroads,
and of four airlines.

For motorists, two broad cement highways lead south,
rossing Oregon and running the length of California and
over the Mexican border. One route lies along the rugged,
scenic coast line, the other through the fragrant agricul-
tural valleys of these three fruit-growing states.

Those who wish to travel south from Seattle after the
conference can reach San Francisco in two and a half days
>y boat, forty-two hours by motor coach, about twenty-
eight hours by automobile, twenty-seven hours by train,
seven hours by plane.

For those who want to get better acquainted with the
Pacific Northwest, there is what is known locally as the
'evergreen playland" of Oregon, Washington and British
[Columbia. This is an area of snow-capped peaks, of numer-
ous cool, deep lakes, of swiftly flowing mountain streams.
The "playland" offers many vacation facilities, including
*olf, fishing, hunting, swimming, boating, hiking, and camp-
ing trips in the mountains.

The area includes a number of noted cities. Tacoma,
Washington, is both a shipping and an industrial center.
Garden enthusiasts will feel a special interest in Portland,
Ore., "the city of roses." Over the line in British Colum-
bia are Vancouver and Victoria. Vancouver has on its out-
skirts a thousand-acre forest preserve, Stanley Park.
Victoria is situated across the Strait on Vancouver Island.
With its tranquil parks and squares, its pleasant homes and
clubs and orderly life, Victoria seems a transplanted bit of
Old England.

To the east of Seattle, over the Cascade Mountains, lies
agricultural Washington. The conference visitor, home-
ward bound by car, bus, train or plane will view the
Yakima Valley, famous for its apple orchards, and other
fertile farming valleys between the mountain ranges.

The Grand Coulee Dam, Yellowstone or Glacier Park
may be visited en route to Seattle or on the way home. The
dam, ninety miles west of Spokane, is being built by the
U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. It is the greatest structure
man has yet reared, and will furnish water and power for
an area of more than a million acres. It is the key dam in
a series of ten on which a vast regional plan depends [see
Survey Graphic, October 1936, page 468].




SUMMER TRAVELERS






Seoul




ion are invited to send for the
free travel books published by
the Northern Pacific Railway.
No obligation on your part
whatsoever. We print these
books for distribution to the
traveling public.

The Northern Pacific is a
most attractive trans-continen-
tal route, with 28 ranges of
mountains and 1,406 miles of
river scenery along its main
line between Chicago and the
Pacific Coast.

Circle the West on your vaca-
tion! Rail tickets permit it and
you may stop in the National
Parks, in cities or for a rest at
Montana -Wyoming ranches or
for an inspiring cruise to A laska.

If you are thinking of a vaca-
tion trip, no matter where, we
will appreciate a letter from
you, or just fill out the coupon
below, paste on a postal card,
or enclose in an envelope and
send to us.



GOING TO

SEATTLE CONVENTION?

The National Conference of Social Worker!
if in Seattle June 26 -July 2, 1938. If you
are thinking of going to this meeting, send
for our free Seattle book.



NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILWAY




Pleue in.il to E. E. NELSON

121 Northern Pacific H.ilw.i, Si. !.!, Minn.



Send me the following free travel book*



I ni thinking of* trip In



V,,,,.




0^ ike

NORTH COAST LIMITED



In answering advertisements please mention SURVEY MIDMONTHLY

59



Book Reviews



A "Must," Says Miss Bailey

THE PUBLIC ASSISTANCE WORKER, edited
by Russell H. Kurtz. Russell Sage Foundation.
224 pp. Price $1 postpaid of Survey Midmonthly.



comes to join the "must" books
of social work this not-so-slim little
volume with the dignified dress in which
the Russell Sage Foundation invariably
clothes its typographical children. Here,
in half a dozen chapters, as simple as
they are authoritative, is the clear state-
ment of what public assistance as we
know it is all about, what it grew from,
what it encompasses and what it takes
to do the job of making it effective.

The idea for such a book came to its
editor, Russell H. Kurtz, last spring at
the National Conference of Social Work
in Indianapolis. He observed people as
they came and went at the various book
exhibits, noted what they asked for, and
listened to the more-often-than-not an-
swer. "No, there isn't any one book that
tells the story. You'll have to read this
for that and that for this, and these for
something else again." He watched these
people thumbing through the proposed
volumes, some of them pretty tome-ish,
saw them do a little mental arithmetic
on the prices and then turn away,
vaguely frustrated.

Along toward the end of the confer-
ence he buttonholed a friend who turns
out to be his reviewer.

"Listen, Miss Bailey. Somebody ought
to do a book; a book that would be easy
to read, that would not be a history of so-
cial work, or a treatise on its techniques,
or a preachment of anybody's philosophy;
but just the simple story of what every-
body ought to know who has any part
in this business of public assistance.
Gosh, how these people want it. Yes'm,
somebody ought to do a book, and a book
that could be sold for a dollar."

"Somebody?" answered the friend who
turns out to be his reviewer. "Why not
you?"

And he did, he and his collaborators,
and the book is coming from the presses
as this is written and its price is a dollar.

This "simple story" consists of six
parts, and several pages of reading ref-
erences. In Public Assistance in the
United States, Arthur Dunham delineates
"the whole sweep" of the beginnings of
public aid, the rise of category relief and
the arguments for and against it, relief
during the depression, the present scene
as it shapes itself under the social secur-
ity act and finally the problems of policy
and administration as they emerge from
a period of sudden change.

In the section Who Shall Be Granted
Public Aid? How Much? In What
Form? Donald S. Howard examines the



various definitions of eligibility, of need,
and of "character," the policies of work
relief, direct relief, cash and "in kind,"
and illuminates the tortuous process of
determining "budget deficiency."

In the section Dealing With People in
Need, Margaret Rich, in language clear
to the merest tyro, illuminates the ap-
proach to the person in need, be he an
unemployed man, an old woman alone, a
child in his own home, or a blind person,
and the process by which he is treated
in his own setting as an individual human
being, even as you and I.

In the section Problems of Health
and Medical Care, Dora Goldstine urges
worker awareness to the implications of
such problems and outlines desirable
teamwork between public assistance
worker, doctor, nurse, hospital and all
public and private health agencies. One
could wish that all areas of the country
were supplied with the facilities that are
discussed. Unhappily in many communi-
ties the question of "selection and use
of resources" is purely academic there
aren't any.

In Tying In With the Community,
Gertrude Vaile takes a look at the rela-
tionships of various branches of public
assistance administration, their setting
in public opinion and community life, and
how this all conditions the day-to-day
task of the workers, especially in rural
areas. Here is good realistic "down at
the grass roots" reasoning and discussion.

Finally Mr. Kurtz himself writes of
Public Assistance and Social Work, the
development and application of profes-
sional principles and practices to the job
at hand. He discusses professional educa-
tion, in-service training, self-education by
home study of "the literature of the job,"
and the status and security of the worker,
including the merit system and, briefly,
affiliation with the trade union movement.

To this reviewer, prejudiced perhaps
because she egged Mr. Kurtz on to pur-
sue his Indianapolis-born idea, it seems
that in this book he, his collaborators
and "the Sage" have given to everyone
concerned with making public assistance
work, from top flight officials and board
members down through all ranks to the
newest staff recruit, the best dollar's
worth they've had in a long, long time.
"Miss BAILEY"

Old Age Miscellany

THE SPAN OF LIFE, by William Marias
Malisoff. Lippincott. 339 pp. Price $2.50 post-
paid of Survey Midmonthly.



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