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vice. In the middle twenties Mr. Daniels
was director of the Juvenile Aid Bureau
of the Children's Aid Society of New-
ark, N. J. and later executive of the Syra-
cuse, N. Y. Children's Bureau.

Into the position of first deputy com-
missioner of the state department, which
Mr. Daniels has vacated, stepped Mary
L. Gibbons, who succeeds to her new
post from that of deputy commissioner
for the New York City office of the de-
partment. Miss Gibbons headed New
York City's Emergency Relief Bureau
during some of its most difficult years and
followed that with a brief return to the
Catholic Charities, the agency from
which the depression first drafted her for
relief work.

For Distinguished Service Judge
Julian W. Mack, chairman of the board
of directors of Survey Associates, this
year was given the annual award of Zeta
Beta Tau fraternity recognizing the
American who has done most for Jewry.
The selection was made by a poll of edi-
tors representing the Anglo-Jewish press
in the United States. . . . Another mem-
ber of the board of Survey Associates to
be acclaimed recently is Felix Frank-
furter of the Harvard Law School, who
was given a scroll of honor by the Na-
tional Institute of Immigrant Welfare
as one of several "distinguished citizens



of foreign birth who have made signifi-
cant contributions to American life."

Walter S. Gifford, one of whose many
claims to distinction is the presidency of
the New York Charity Organization
Society, Dorothy Thompson, journalist,
and John W. Davis, former president
of the American Bar Association, re-
ceived this year's gold medals for dis-
tinguished service to humanity from the
National Institute of Social Sciences. In
the presentation to Mr. Gifford, the
COS was described as "a model of care-
ful organization." . . . Daniel C. Beard,
a founder of the Boy Scouts of America,
was given the annual award of the grand
master's medal of the Grand Lodge of
Free and Accepted Masons of New York,
honoring his achievement as "a molder of
the America of tomorrow." . . . The
Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of
New York dedicated its biennial meet-
ing on May 22 to celebration of the
eighty-ninth birthday of Adolph Lewi-
sohn, for many years a benefactor of
education, art and various philanthropies.

Earned Leisure Helen L. Myrick
of Chicago, general director of the Illi-
nois Society for Mental Hygiene, resigned
this spring and is heading for California
for rest and recreation. 'Way back in
1923 Miss Myrick was busy organizing
psychiatric social work for the society
and since has been executive secretary
and general director.

Comings and Goings Louis Res-
nick, director since its inception of the
informational service of the Social Secur-
ity Board, Washington, resigned as of
June 1. He will set up shop in New York
as a public relations and public education
counsel at 15 East 26 Street. Comment-
ing on his resignation, a Washington
newspaper columnist pointed out that
with the informational service budget cut
from $450,000 in 1937 to a scheduled
$129,000 for next year, whoever succeeds
to the job will face the problem of a
drastically cut budget to do the biggest
public educational job in the federal gov-
ernment.

John F. Hall, who has been with the
Washington State Department of Social
Security, recently became director of the
Washington Children's Home Society.
Calvin J. Nichols succeeds Mr. Hall in
the state department. . . . Roberta Pres-
cott, R. N., formerly with Mount Sinai
Hospital, New York, is a new field
assistant with the New York Tubercu-
losis and Health Association. . . . Dr.
Stephen Manheimer of Coral Gables,
Fla., formerly assistant director of Mount
Sinai Hospital, New York, has been ap-
pointed director of the hospital of the
same name in Chicago. . . . Percy L.
Dunn from Hornell, N. Y. has succeeded
James H. Beard as scout executive of the
Manhattan Council of the Boy Scout
Foundation of Greater New York. Mr.



SURVEY MIDMONTHLY






Beard resigned after filling the post for
eighteen years.

Charles E. Hendry, faculty member of
;! Williams College, Chicago and
author of the Cleveland, Ohio study, Be-
tween Stacks and Spires, recently ac-
cepted appointment to the staff of Boys'
Cluhs of America as director of program
and personnel training. . . . Morris
Ploscowe, recently a research associate
with Boys' Clubs of America, has been
appointed deputy commissioner of the
Department of Investigation, New York.
. . . Dewey R. Jones, for several years
ate adviser on Negro affairs in the
Department of the Interior, has
been appointed assistant to Charlotte
(Orr, director of Hull-House, Chicago.
Jones and his wife, Faith Jones
Survey Midmonthly, May 1938,
hP 160] wno is an assistant director
with the Chicago Relief Administration,
lie first Negro residents at Hull-
e. . . . Edwina Hazzard has re-
fencd from the staff of the registration
bureau of the New York Charity Or-
ganization Society to become director of
the information and referral bureau of
the Federation of Churches of Greater
New York. . . . Josephine Walker, from
Alabama, is a regional secretary with the
newly organized public welfare depart-
ment of the New York State Charities
Aid Association.

Walter J. Campbell has resigned from
ist as chief of the educational divi-
sion of the Social Security Board at
ngton to become educational ad-
of the extension division of the
Town Hall, Inc., New York. He will
have charge of working with local or
national groups which use or desire to
use Town Hall's well-known radio pro-
gram, The Town Meeting of the Air,
as part of their local educational pro-
grams.

Grace Marcus, nationally known for
her progressive thinking and writing in
social case work, has resigned from the
Charity Organization Society of New
York, where she has been case consul-
tant. She will spend her time pursuing
n studies in case work in which
she has long been interested." . . . Edward
. Cass, secretary of the American
Prison Association and a member of the
Ne York State Commission of Cor-
rection, represented the United States at
meetings, last month, of the International
Penal and Penitentiary Commission in
Florence, Italy, where plans were made
for the international penal congress to be
held in Rome in 1940.

About Nurses During the recent bi-
ennial convention of the American Nurses
Association the Walter Burns Saunders
Memorial award, given annually "to those
who have devoted their professional lives
to sympathetic and intelligent bedside
nursing," was presented to Helen Mc-
Donough of Pittsburgh, Pa., chairman of

JUNE 1938



the private duty section of the ANA.
The award was made to Miss McDon-
ough as representative of all bedside
nurses and replicas of the medal given
will be sent to presidents of every state
nurses' association.

The fiftieth anniversary issue of The
Trained Nurse and Hospital Review
appeared recently, a lively, gold-jacketed
testimonial to the growth of the nursing
profession and the possibilities of longev-
ity for professional magazines.

Announcement comes from the Central
Committee of the American Red Cross
of the establishment of two scholarships
amounting to $1250 each to be awarded
annually over a period of five years to an
American nurse and a nurse from a for-
eign country. The scholarships, which pro-
vide for attendance at the courses of the
Florence Nightingale International Foun-
dation in London, are memorials to the
late Clara D. Noyes who was national
director of the Red Cross nursing service
until her death in 1936.

Officers elected by the three national
professional nursing organizations at the
recent biennial session in Kansas City
include: American Nurses' Association
president, Julia C. Stimson of New
York, vice-presidents, Katherine J. Dens-
ford, Minnesota and Pearl Mclver, Dis-
trict of Columbia; National League of
Nursing Education president, Nellie X.
Hawkinson of Illinois; National Organi-
zation for Public Health Nursing
president, Grace Ross of Michigan, vice-
presidents, Marion G. Howell, Ohio and
Mrs. Roessle McKinney, New York.

New Plant The widely known head-
quarters at 850 East 58 Street, Chicago,
for organizations relating to government
and welfare, has been vacated for a fine
new building bearing the euphonious ad-
dress, 1313 East 60 Street. Among or-
ganizations located here are the Ameri-
can Municipal Association, American
Public Welfare Association, American
Public Works Association, American So-
ciety of Planning Officials, Civil Service
Assembly of the United States and Can-
ada, Council of State Governments,
International City Managers' Association,
National Association of Housing Officials,
Public Administration Clearing House,
Public Administration Service.

Rubinow Memorial Commemorat-
ing the life and interests of the late
Isaac M. Rubinow, a project to provide
a library for the School for Social Work
in Jerusalem has been undertaken with
the sponsorship of the League for Labor,
Palestine. The library project, to be
known as the Isaac M. Rubinow Mem-
orial Collection, was initiated in consulta-
tion with Henrietta Szold, head of the .
recently established Department of So-
cial Work of Palestine. Chairman of the
executive committee for the memorial is
Solomon Lowenstein of the Jewish Fed-



eration of New York; executive com-
mittee members include Paul Kellogg,
Dr. Michael M. Davis, Dr. John Slaw-
son and Abraham Epstein, all of New
York.

Deaths

'"THE Rev. John Christian Pringle,
noted British social worker and
churchman, director and consulting sec-
retary of the London Charity Organiza-
tion Society, with which he had long
been associated; member of the Public
Assistance Committee of the London
County Council; author of authoritative
material on economics and the relief of
unemployment. Most of his life was de-
voted to helping the poor parishes in
London's East End and to studying the
functions of voluntary charity. One of
his fellow-workers writes: "In the world
of social work I see no one to take his
place. He brought such a vigorous and
completely individual mind to every ques-
tion free from all prepossessions as to
the 'correct' or orthodox way of looking
at it, and if his own strong view did not
always meet with one's complete agree-
ment, it was always stimulating, and sent
one searching into the foundations of
one's own position. And his industry in
study and in keeping abreast of all that
was being thought was really staggering."

CHARLES LORINC BRACE, at the age of
eighty-three at his home in California.
Mr. Brace resigned in 1927 after thirty-
seven years as director of the Children's
Aid Society of New York City, a post
in which he succeeded his father, the
founder of the organization. Father and
son served the society for seventy-five
years.

JAMES H. FOSTER, for thirty years in the
service of the state of New York. Be-
ginning as an institution inspector for
the State Board of Charities, he was
made assistant commissioner in 1913, and
at the time of his death was director of
the child aid bureau of the State Depart-
ment of Social Welfare.

A. G. KNEBEL, general secretary of the
Young Men's Christian Association of
Cleveland, and formerly regional secre-
tary for the eastern region, national
council of the YMCA.

LAWRENCE MARX, president of New
York's Federation for the Support of
Jewish Philanthropic Societies and an
associate chairman of the Greater New
York Fund.

ANNE LYON HANSEN, R.N., for years
director of the Buffalo, N. Y. Visiting
Nurse Association and connected with
many activities of the nursing profession
in New York.

217



Readers Write



For Spain

To THE EDITOR: The Social Workers
Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy is
planning a meeting at the National Con-
ference of Social Work in Seattle on the
subject, Spain: Democracy and World
Peace. The meeting will be held on
Wednesday, June 29 from 3 :30 to 5 in
the Aerie Room of the Hotel Senator.
The chairman will be Linton B. Swift,
director of the Family Welfare Associa-
tion of America. Professor Ralph H.
Gundlach, psychology department of the
University of Washington will be the
leading speaker. John A. Kingsbury and
Paul Kellogg, editor of Survey Mid-
monthly and Survey Graphic will also
speak. JEN B. CHAKIN

Social Workers Committee
to Aid Spanish Democracy

Should Miss Bailey Say?
To THE EDITOR: Miss Bailey says, in
"speaking of interpretation" [Survey
Midmonthly, February 1938, page 46]
". . . doesn't it follow that the concept
of social work in any given community
is the lengthened shadow of some social
worker?" On the opposite page, speaking
of Ohio, is a description of inhuman
welfare legislation passed by the state's
lawmakers, "representatives of the people
of a great state where humane and pro-
gressive principles of social welfare ser-
vices long have been pioneered and prac-
ticed."

It is not quite clear to me how we
can relate these two ideas. Certainly, the
city of Cleveland alone has had long and
distinguished service by competent pro-
fessional and lay personnel in the field
of social welfare. If we add to Cleveland
the similar high quality in concept and
practice of social work in many other
cities and communities of the state, and
if such quality of work represents in-
dividual social workers, why would not
the sum total be better reflected in the
state legislature's recent action than, ap-
parently, it is?

Isn't it possible that Miss Bailey's
statement may have been true in the
average small or middle-sized American
community prior to the depression of
1930, but that social work finds itself
engulfed in a series of forces that no
longer make possible such a situation. I
am thinking of a particular city of a
hundred thousand, where in 1920 to 1930
concepts and standards of social work
were fixed at a high level largely because
of the pioneering work done by a particu-
lar social worker in the years just pre-
ceding 1920. Now that community finds
itself unable to retain, let alone carry on



at the former standard, its present wel-
fare and relief services. The city is in
the midst of a terrific controversy as to
whether its many thousand industrial
workers shall have the right to organize.
It seems to me that such a conflict
overshadows, disrupts and makes practi-
cally impossible the former concepts and
truths. May it not be that the forces,
stresses and strains, and the new develop-
ments in a social and economic life re-
quire a restating of Miss Bailey's prin-
ciple? CHARLES H. ALSPACH
Boston, Mass.

"It Seems to Me"

To THE EDITOR: It happens that I was
an early advocate of political action by
social workers. I have also consistently
urged that agencies in the field of social
case work avoid the epithet of "pallia-
tive" by constantly interpreting the causes
and conditions with which they are deal-
ing, to a wider public in terms of pre-
ventive legislation.

However, in view of recent events, it
seems to me increasingly evident that the
organization of the profession as such,
for professional matters such as stand-
ards, tenures, training, personnel proce-
dures and ethics, should not be the or-
ganization through which members of the
profession take political action. An or-
ganization which endorses candidates or
parties and even more, an organization
which backs one of its members for a
party office nomination, will be considered
by the public thereafter as a self-inter-
ested pressure group, and its subsequent
appeals in the name of professional stand-
ards will be correspondingly discounted.
If a group of social workers wishes to
organize for political action, that is of
course quite within their rights; and if
an officer of a professional organization
wishes to run for office, his professional
ethics and those of the organization may
be kept clear-cut by his temporary resig-
nation from the official position in the
organization. Otherwise it will seem, in-
evitably, that his official position has
been used for political purposes. Even
such a situation does not altogether avoid
what the scripture calls "the appearance
of evil."

Though weak numerically, the influence
of social workers used to be considerable
because of their supposed disinterested-
ness. The effort to exert influence through
direct voting power weakens such public
influence as was once wielded by the pro-
fession. The pressure groups are not only
backing the profession out onto a limb,
but they are in danger of creating a
cleavage between the profession and the
general public, which is the equivalent



of sawing off the limb. The very groupi
which is endeavoring to exert political
pressure upon the public is alienating,
public support by some of its tactics..
Many years of interpretation will be re-
quired to heal the scars.

THOMAS D. ELIOTI
Northwestern University, Evanston, III.

Flood Echoes

To THE EDITOR: Cooperation in social
endeavor has been so long the goal of
Survey Associates that I know you will
be interested to learn that it reached its
flowering during the disastrous floods
which swept over five southern California
counties the first week in March.

Disasters are not new in Red Cross
experience. But complete coordination of
relief forces and cordial inter-agency re-
lationship is a goal seldom attained.
From the moment it was realized that a
major flood was developing, all public
and private agencies sprang into action,
performing perfectly their special seg-
ment of the emergency task.

Under the direction of our Red Cross
Chapters, hundreds of Legionnaires and-j
Legion Auxiliary women, the Salvation
Army, the Family Welfare, the Volun-
teers of America, the Catholic Welfare-
Bureaus (to mention but a few) opened
their halls, fed the refugees, did every-
thing in their power to bring comfort
and relief to stricken populations. Blan-
kets were furnished by army posts andii
CCC camps; in Long Beach the National
Guard turned cooks, as refugees were
cared for in the armory with food fur-
nished by the Red Cross. With bridges
down and railroad tracks destroyed, the-
Coast Guard carried the mail to coast
cities. All agencies of the federal govern-
ment summoned their man power. Sher-
iff's men hacked their way on foot, peril-
ously clinging to the cliffs, or breaking,
through mountain slides with tractors, to
find the slender trails leading to marooned
cabins, while airplanes circled overhead
dropping food to stranded groups and
signalling that help was on its way. It
was a magnificent demonstration of com-
munity cooperation. A. L. SCHAFER
Manager, American Red Cross,
Pacific Branch Office, San Francisco

NOTE: As further echo of the flood the
editors quote from a letter of Rex Thomp-
son, superintendent of charities of Los
Angeles County: "One of the outstanding
accomplishments was the performance of '
the ambulance drivers of the Los Angeles
General Hospital. The day the storm
was at its height, ten ambulances of the
hospital traveled a total of 1322 miles,
carrying a total of 120 patients. Doctors
on the hospital staff reported eleven ba-
bies born at private residences on that :
same day, whereas the normal average-
per day is three. Excitement and fear arei
believed to be the causes of the increase,
doctors stated."



218



SURVEY MIDMONTHLY1



Book Reviews



Contribution to History

THE MENTALLY ILL IN AMERICA, by Albert
IVutsch. Doubleday, Doran. 530 pp. Price $3
postpaid of Surrey MulmonlUy.

""THE magnitude of mental illness as a
cause of family disintegration is but
slightly understood by welfare agencies
and social workers. In some states, agen-
cies for diagnosis and care of the men-
tally disturbed now function so smoothly
that "out of sight is out of mind." Oc-
casionally we are brought up short by
learning that the number of beds in men-
tal hospitals is approximately equal to
that in all other hospitals put together;
that in the state of New York alone the
number of patients in the state hospitals
(where all mental patients are cared for)
i* just under 70,000; that the maintenance
and care of these patients cost $23 mil-
lion in 1936, to say nothing of the cost
of additions and improvements averaging
$10 million a year for the last decade.
Every social worker and every social
agency should therefore be informed of
the general outlines of the broad sub-
ject of mental disturbance as an adverse
factor in social well-being. Not only
should they know the subject as it is to-
day, hut they should know its growth and
development through the years to its
present status.

That undertaking happily has been
made entirely simple by Mr. Deutsch in
his book, The Mentally 111 in America,
A History of Their Care and Treatment
from Colonial Times. Unlike many recent
books, this is exactly what its title
describes. An enormous amount of pains-
taking research has gone into its prepa-
ration and the material is presented
interestingly, objectively, and with a fine
sense of relative importance. To anyone
who has any interest in the subject, and
this includes everyone interested in social
welfare, virtually all of it will be easy to
read. In fact, it is hard to lay the book
aside.

It is interesting to learn that New
York's legislation of 1890, which estab-
lished a complete system of state care
for the insane, has been followed by
similar provision in twenty-three other
states. A few states cling to the county
care system, and a larger number as
yet have no definite plan of public pro-
vision for the mentally ill.

The broad subject of social welfare
now includes such vast areas of interest
and organized activity that we should be
extremely grateful for a dependable his-
tory, hy a qualified person, covering the
development and present aspects of any
sector of that broad subject. Mr. Deutsch
has placed us all under obligation by
di>in_' the history of the mentally ill in



America so well that it need not be
undertaken again until called for by new
developments subsequent to 1937. The
writing and publication of the volume
was arranged for through the American
Foundation for Mental Hygiene.
New Yort HOMER FOLKS

Rich Man, Poor Man

LIFE EARNINGS IN SELECTED OCCUPA-
TIONS IN THE UNITED STATES, by Harold
F. Clark. Harper. 408 pp. Price $5 postpaid
of Survty Midmonlhly.

'TPO aid the million or two young peo-
pie who each year ask certain prosaic
questions of vocational counselors, this
book makes a brave attempt to evaluate,
solely in terms of life incomes, the chief
professions and a few commercial occu-
pations. The authors are authorities on
education and guidance. Professor Clark
is head of educational economics at
Teachers' College, Columbia University,
and his four associates, Mervyn Cro-
baugh, Wilbur I. Gooch, Byrne J. Hor-
ton and Rosemary N. Kutak, also are
educators.

The authors were irked into under-
taking this project by their impatience
with the superficial and erroneous asser-
tions made about earnings in various
occupations, and by the conviction that
however inadequate the final result of
their research, it would be more reliable
than current information and would
break ground for further factual studies.
With regard to expected comments on
their material, they cheerfully offer to
supply ten defects to each one that critics
may suggest a ratio which any author
possessing the requisite candor would ad-
mit to be normal.

In rating incomes of the professions,
the annual average was found to be:
medicine, $4850; law, $4730; dentistry,
$4170; engineering, $4410; architecture,
$3820; college teaching, $3050; social
work, $1650; journalism, $2120; minis-
try, $1980; library work, $2020; public
school teaching, $1350.

This table runs counter to beliefs cur-
rent in many quarters, and it is not cer-
tain that the information given is wholly
correct because there is a seeming failure
to take full account of expenses entailed
by, let us say, physicians and lawyers in
maintaining their offices and employing
assistance, in sharp contrast for example
to the circumstances of college professors.
Hence, while the book compiles and in-
terprets a wide variety of data and should
be a good compendium of existing infor-
mation, its chief value for the moment
lies in its challenge to current assump-
tions.

It is interesting in this connection to
point out the author's findings that: "One



of the most striking things revealed by
the investigation was the consistency with
which each occupation maintained it was



Online LibrarySurvey AssociatesSurvey midmonthly : journal of social work (Volume 74) → online text (page 59 of 109)