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has received.

Broad and Liberal At this writing
it seems probable that New York's con-
stitutional convention, now sitting, will
adopt measures to enable the state to
deal with problems of social welfare on a
broad liberal basis. The amendments, as
approved by a special committee of the
convention, open the way for the legisla-
ture to appropriate funds for a compre-
hensive relief program, to initiate a health
and old age insurance system, to extend
state aid to unemployment insurance, to
provide health and welfare services for
school children and to promote the edu-
cation and support of physically handi-
capped persons. All these are declared
matters "of public concern." The pow-
ers of the State Board of Social Welfare
to inspect institutions receiving public
funds would be extended to those not
receiving such funds. The proposals must
now pass the convention as a whole before
being submitted to the electorate.

New Law The operation of Virginia's
new public assistance act, originally
planned to become effective July 1, has
been postponed until September 1, except
for the aid to the blind which began on
the new basis this month. The law pro-
vides for old age assistance, aid to de-
pendent children and to the blind under
the social security act and continues the
general relief provisions of a law passed
in 1936. In counties and small cities wel-
fare boards will be appointed by the judge
of the circuit or corporation court; in
large cities the director of public welfare
exercises the functions of the board. All
operate under the direct supervision of
the state department of public welfare.
Under the new law the state reimburses
31^4 percent of expenditures for the aged
and the blind, 4l 2 /} percent for de-



266



SURVEY MIDMONTHLY



pendent children; local funds must pro-
vide 184-t percent for the aged and blind,
25 percent for children. The state also
contributes for administration of the
three categories an amount not to exceed
10 percent of its reimbursement. William
H. Stauffer has been appointed commis-
sioner of public welfare.

What They Get The average old
ge recipient receives about $23 monthly
in New York State according to a recent
report. The New York City oldster fares
amewhat better than his upstate crony
receiving nearly $27 to the other's $21.
The average dependent child receives
about the same amount of help as his
dependent grandparent. But while the
upstate child receives only $19 to his city
cousin's $25 the average aid per family
for dependent children is practically the
same throughout the state about $47.

Youth

A FOUR-YEAR study of the influ-
ence of college education on the
religious and racial tolerance of Ameri-
can students will be directed by Dr.
Arthur H. Compton, physicist and Nobel
Prize winner of the University of Chi-
cago, for the National Conference of
Jews and Christians. Standard tests,
devised to measure the tolerance of
undergraduates, will be supplied by the
conference for periodic administration to
students of participating colleges and
universities in all sections of the coun-
try. It is believed that the study will
show the level of tolerance in student
groups, and also the effectiveness of pro-
grams in social education in the colleges.

Employment Chances Job pros-
pects for 1938 college graduates are favor-
able in spite of the decline in business
activity, according to a survey made by
Investors Syndicate covering 261 insti-
tutions. Forty percent of the men's,
women's and coeducational institutions
reported employment opportunities the
same as in 1937 ; 20 percent put the job
chances the same as in 1929. Nearly 63
percent of the 261 institutions state that
they have reason to believe that more
than half their June graduates will be
on payrolls by the end of the summer;
49.4 percent of the colleges expect to have
more than 70 percent of the 1938 class
at work before fall. Unlike 1937, busi-
ness administration, general business and
teaching outrank engineering as the fields
of greatest opportunity. Agriculture, sell-
ing, and home economics also rank higher
in jobs offered, these colleges report,
than they did a year ago. Investment
banking, journalism and law continue at
the foot of the list. As qualifications for
successful job seeking bv young gradu-
ates, the experience of these institutions
places scholarship first, personality and

AUGUST 1938



character next. Campus popularity, extra-
curricular activities and athletic prowess
continue to decline in importance.

New Fields A graduate division for
training in public service will be estab-
lished this fall by New York University.
The new course is designed "to meet the
rising demand for a trained, permanent
personnel in the public service," and will
lead to the new degree of Master of Pub-
lic Administration. It will be integrated
with courses in the other graduate divi-
sions of the university. . . . Training for
a new profession, "appraiser of the effi-
ciency of city and county governments"
will be instituted in September at the
University of Denver under a $29,000
grant for the first year from the Alfred
P. Sloan Foundation. The 18-month
graduate course will lead to the special
degree of Master of Science in Govern-
ment Management. The University an-
nounces that "the move represents the
start of a national program designed to
furnish the public with investigators com-
petent to evaluate for it and interpret to
it the financial administration and social
utility of local governments."

Record and Report The Vocational
Service for Juniors (122 East 25 Street,
New York) has issued a new edition of
its admirable directory of Opportunities
for Vocational Training in New York
City. . . . Three recent government pub-
lications, all available from the Superin-
tendent of Documents, Washington, D.C.,
bring together current information on the
public forum movement in this country:
Forums for Young People, Bulletin No.
25, of the Office of Education, price 15
cents; Printed Page and the Public Plat-
form, a study of the relation of reading
to forums and discussion, price 20 cents ;
Choosing Our Way, the story of fifteen
months of forum demonstrations, price
35 cents. . . . Public Affairs Pamphlets
(price 10 cents, from the Superintendent
of Documents) is an annotated bibliog-
raphy of inexpensive pamphlets on social,
economic, political and international af-
fairs, issued as a supplement to a previous
bulletin of the same type, which is no
longer available.

The Public's Health

WINGS for doctors are included
in the new Australian health in-
surance plan which affects 1,850,000
Australians and employs 3500 physicians.
Airplanes are necessary if medical aid is
to reach those who need it in remote
sections of the country.

In this country health insurance is to
be tried out in a New York City high-
school. Students paying fifty cents a year
into a general fund will be eligible for
limited medical, dental and ophthalmic
services. The voluntary membership al-



ready includes nearly 100 percent of the
students.

Studies A survey of the care of crip-
pled children is under way in New York
City with the blessing of the State De-
partment of Health which has allocated
$35,000 in social security funds granted
by the U.S. Children's Bureau for the
study. Beginning by setting up a registra-
tion bureau for all crippled children in the
city, the Department of Health hopes to
establish an all inclusive program for the
care of the physically handicapped child.
The survey is to be used as a guide in
planning rehabilitation, wider develop-
ment of physiotherapy, coordination of
services offered by various agencies, ex-
tension of care to home-bound children,
correction of early orthopedic defects, de-
termination of minimum costs per child,
and aid to families of handicapped chil-
dren.

The relationship between health and
standards of living, diet, housing and
family income will be explored in a study
of chronic and disabling illness in a sam-
ple population in Baltimore. The survey,
undertaken by the U.S. Public Health
Service with the cooperation of the Mil-
bank Memorial Fund, the Baltimore City
Department of Health and the Johns
Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public
Health, will cover about 1500 families to
be visited monthly over a period of years.

Battle Fronts The $1,021,034 raised
this year on the President's birthday for
the infantile paralysis campaign will go
to the National Foundation for Infantile
Paralysis, a new permanent organization
set up to conduct research, make grants
and otherwise fight the disease. Of this
total, $915,928 was raised at birthday
celebrations. The net proceeds, largest
since the inception of the birthday cam-
paigns, were bolstered considerably by
Eddie Cantor's March of Dimes ($81,-
073), the sale of Founder's Certificates
($80,446), William Green's laborers'
twenty-five cent birthday messages ($43,-
949), and the twenty-five cents per tele-
graphic greeting turned over by Western
Union and the Postal Telegraph ($19,-
967). Heading the new foundation is
Basil O'Connor, former law partner of
President Roosevelt.

To further the anti-syphilis campaign,
blood tests are now required of all Indi-
ana employes in the State Department
of Welfare, the State Unemployment
Compensation Division and the State
Employment Service.

"Medical Care But How?" The

report of the committee on medical care
of the American Public Welfare Associa-
tion, on the advance findings of which
Dr. Gertrude Sturges drew for her arti-
cle. Medical Care But How? in Sur-
vey Midmonthly of May 1938, is now

267



available in pamphlet form. (Price 40
cents from the APWA, 1313 East 60
Street, Chicago.) The report collates the
information on present policies and prac-
tices in public agencies collected by the
committee during the past year, and
weighs their effectiveness in relation to
the various groups concerned: the sick
poor, welfare officials, taxpayers, medical
agencies and practitioners, the U.S. Pub-
lic Health Service and so on. As indicated
by Dr. Sturges in her "Mid" article, the
scene is so confused that only continuous
study and candid discussion can bring it
into order. To this end the APWA is
continuing its special committee to stimu-
late and initiate such study and discus-
sion. Special effort will be directed to
exploring in cooperation with Com-
munity Chests and Councils Inc., such
matters as: payment of out-patient de-
partments from tax funds for care of
the indigent; relative responsibility of
community chest and tax funds for pay-
ment for free medical service; conversion
of former almshouses into hospitals; li-
censing and supervision of hospitals and
related institutions.

Meantime, pending agreement on prin-
ciples for administrative organization,
obviously a matter of time, the APWA
committee recommends, as a means of
avoiding duplication and gaps in existing
services, that "state and local interdepart-
mental committees be organized represen-
tative of all official agencies concerned
with public health, medical care and wel-
fare." It recommends further that welfare
officials responsible for the administration
of medical care "make full use of techni-
cal advice through the appointment of
advisory committees representing the or-
ganized medical professions, public health,
hospitals and the like," and that these
welfare officials provide paid "professional
supervision for the professional aspects
of their medical service."

World's Fair Dramatic and ambitious
exhibits, described in advance press no-
tices as "of unparalleled scientific and
educational value," are announced for
the medicine and public health building
of the 1939 New York World's Fair.
Ingeniously lighted and animated models
many times life size, intricate machines
and elaborate pictorial exhibits are an-
nounced relating to virtually every ill
that plagues humankind, together with
representations of modern methods and
devices to combat disease. Special com-
mittees of doctors and public health ex-
perts are developing plans for the fifty
sections included in plans for this build-
ing, which will include a Hall of Public
Health and a Hall of Medical Science.

Uses of Publicity The release to
New York City newspapers of a single
story on the opening of a new social hy-
giene clinic brought 248 persons for ex-
amination and treatment, a new high



record for any ten-day period in any of
the city's .health centers. Of the appli-
cants, 174 said they read the item in a
popular tabloid paper; the remaining 74
had seen it in one of six other news-
papers. In this group, before tabulations
were complete, already fifty-two cases
of syphilis had been found and nineteen
of gonorrhea. None had ever consulted a
doctor for the condition nor knew that
he had the disease.

Volunteers

A GROUP of Yale undergraduates,
after several months investigation
of the social needs of the community
around them and of places where col-
lege students could serve, have established
the Yale Community Council, a bureau
of twelve men who will keep a register
of fellow students who volunteer their
services and of agencies which need their
help. The idea originated following the
report of a survey by R. K. Atkinson of
the Boys' Club of New York which
showed a real need in New Haven's so-
cial services for just such assistance as
the students could give. Under the plan
as worked out, the council will make as-
signments, guided by the preferences and
hours specified by student volunteers and
by the kinds of service requested by local
social agencies.

Around the Map The committee on
volunteers in social service of the Los
Angeles Council of Social Agencies in-
cludes in its program not only training
and placing volunteers and educating the
community in social service problems, but
also educating professional social work-
ers as to the usefulness of the volunteer's
contribution to social work. Altogether
378 Los Angelans gave volunteer service
last year through the committee and have
piled up the impressive total of 14,000
hours of free work. ... In an effort to
determine just how men stack up to
women in doing volunteer social work,
the Detroit Council of Social Agencies'
central volunteer bureau took a census.
It found that volunteer jobs assigned to
men outnumber those assigned to women
and that men were performing 10,602
units of service; women, 9765. . . . Eighty
volunteer workers with the District of
Columbia Chapter of the American Red
Cross are learning how to "write for the
blind," a hand-version of Braille much
cheaper to produce than "press Braille."
After a ten-week course in transcribing
the volunteers prepare hand-copied books
for libraries for the blind and for indi-
viduals requesting them through the
Council of Social Agencies and other
sources.

Junior League Mrs. Peter L. Har-
vie, outgoing president, speaking at the
recent annual meeting of the Association
of Junior Leagues of America, pointed to



an increased emphasis on education in
league welfare departments throughout
the country. Besides the customary pro-
visional training courses, leagues have
requested: more teaching services from
the national staff; more help in planning
provisional and other special training
courses ; information on setting up an
education committee tied to the placement
system; and information on educational
plans of other national agencies.

Among 183 social welfare projects in
this year's league programs, 110 are serv-
ing children directly and seven more
through the family. In all of the first
group leagues are assuming definite finan-
cial responsibilities or a measure of ad-
ministrative control. Added to this are
extensive services given to children's case
working agencies.

As next year's officers the association
elected: president, Helen W. Leovy of
Pittsburgh, Pa.; treasurer, Mrs. John L.
Hutcheson, Jr. of Chattanooga, Tenn. ;
secretary, Mrs. George V. Ferguson of
Winnipeg, Canada.

Professional

IN spite of the fact that social workers
are ignored by state and federal labor
relations acts, the first collective bargain-
ing agreement for workers in private
agencies recently was announced. This
was signed by the Social Service Employes
Union, Local 19, an affiliate of the CIO,
designated as the sole collective bargain-
ing agent for the office of the National
Council of Jewish Women, New York.
The agreement accepts the five-day week,
payment of time and a half for overtime,
and a permanent status for employes
after six months' service. It also includes
provisions relating to hours, vacations,
holidays, maternity leave and dismissal
notice. Salary negotiations will begin in
the fall.

Education Youngest member of the
American Association of Schools of Social
Work is the Boston College School of
Social Work, recently admitted to the
fold upon completion of its second year
of existence, the minimum age for a new
member. Two-thirds of the first gradu-
ating class of thirty-three students, who
this year received their MS degrees, al-
ready have been placed in social work
positions.

The first course in case work super-
vision to be offered in Chicago is an-
nounced by the Loyola University School
of Social Work. This will be conducted
in the coming fall by Coral F. Brooke,
supervisor and chairman of the personnel
practices committee of the Chicago Relief
Administration.

New also are the first fellowships to
be granted by the YWCA representing
$300 a year for two years to ten women
honor students graduated from colleges



268



SURVEY MIDMONTHLY



within the last three years. The purpose
it to combine practical experience in a
YUV.A with advanced study leading to
;: m :ister's degree in the fields of religion,
education, the social sciences and social
work.

Ahout Books Record fragments lie
ahiiut at the Russell Sage F'oundation
Publications Department where 16,177
book sales for the first nine months of
the present fiscal year surpass last year's
total by 1,870. June's Social Work Book-
ot -thr-Month, Russell H. Kurtz's Pub-
Distance Worker, has been the big-
;nglc factor in the shattering, with
a sale of 6,403 thus far. Mr. Kurtz's
editorial reputation evidently has spread
beyond the confines of the social work
world as review copies of the Social
v Year Book have been requested by
both the Barber's Journal and Beauty
Culture.



In Print The need for better person-
nel practices, clarified titles and specifica-
tions for public welfare positions is shown
in A Study of Public Welfare Jobs, pub-
lished by the American Public Welfare
Association, 1313 East 60 Street, Chicago
(Price $1). The report advises closer
integration between the branches of pub-
lic assistance as well as between state and
local supervision. It also suggests the
iccruiting of more qualified social work-
ers for public positions as a means of
achieving better organization, better com-
munity relationship, and lighter pending
case loads. The study covering agencies
in fourteen states and thirty-two coun-
ties plus a few federal organizations, was
made by a special APWA staff headed
by Ella Weinfurther Reed.

A series of articles, Re-Thinking So-
cial Case Work, by Bertha C. Reynolds,
first published in Social Work Today, is
now offered in attractive pamphlet form.
(Price 25 cents from Social Work To-
day, 6 East 46 Street, New York.) Miss
Reynolds traces the changes since 1916
in the social philosophy of case work, the
increased democratization of its proces-
ses, and the emotional conflict in which
many case workers have found them-
selves. She concludes that, "The fate of
social case work hangs upon the fate of
democracy."

Food for thought on the whole business
ot public understanding of public welfare
it contained in a neat mimeographed
pamphlet, Public Relations in Public Wel-
fare, in which the Social Work Publicity
Council has digested, for the enlighten-
ment of interpreters, a sheaf of articles
^ing current attitudes toward relief
[and "reliefers." With due modesty this
department notes that included are three
articles from the May anniversary issue
of Surrey Midmonthly: The Public
Holds Its Nose by Sidney Hollander;
Social Work and Politics by William






Haber and Clients Aren't What They
Used to Be by Charles F. Ernst. The
pamphlet contains also a collection of
frequently heard criticisms with the facts
and figures that answer them. From the
Council, 130 East 22 Street, New York.
Price 35 cents.

A bibliography, Social Case Work in
Special Fields, compiled by Margaret M.
Otto has been issued by the Russell Sage
Foundation Library as Bulletin No. 149
(Price 20 cents from the Foundation, 130
East 22 Street). This is a supplement to
the Library's Bulletin of February 1938
on Social Case Work.

Salaries in Medical Social Work in
1937, by Ralph G. Hurlin, Russell Sage
Foundation (Price 20 cents), is a statis-
tical study of the education, training and
salaries of 1908 medical social workers
in 507 agencies. A sequel to a 1933 study
which had shown a decline in salaries
since 1930, this report shows an upswing
since 1933 of about $200 per worker ex-
cept in that group described as "case-
worker" (about half the total) where
the median salary has risen only $32.

Better Times, New York's Social
Work Review, has burgeoned out with
new layouts and plethoric illustrations
under the directing hand of its new edi-
tor, Hiram Motherwell. Its editorial
content will be focused on New York
City, with special attention, month by
month, to specific problems rather than
to the activities of particular agencies.
The June issue, first under the new edi-
torial direction, centers on two topics,
Our City Schools as Welfare Centers
and Mobilization for New York's Battle
Against Syphilis.

People and Things

DISNEY delights are now available
to the blind through the introduc-
tion of Snow White and the Seven
Dwarfs as a talking book. Careful study
of the film facilitated a translation of the
artists' lines and colors into narrative
interludes to fit between the familiar
theme songs and dialogue. This movie for
the blind has been made possible through
cooperation between J. O. Kleber of the
talking books department of the Ameri-
can Foundation for the Blind, Harry
Braun, director of the sound department
at Radio City Music Hall, New York,
and, far from least, Walt Disney himself.

Generous Gift To the University of
Virginia has been presented the book and
manuscript collections of the late Tracy
W. McGregor of Detroit, whose con-
cern with social problems was as deep as
his interest as a bibliophile. The collec-
tion, particularly rich in American his-
torical documents, will be housed in the
University's beautiful new library build-
ing, a memorial to its first president, the
late Edwin Anderson Alderman. The



McGregor Fund of Detroit, to which
Mr. McGregor left his estate, is supply-
ing funds for the proper installation of
the collection and an annual grant to
maintain and enlarge it.

Advice and Plans In line with the
modern governmental policy of seeking
expert advice the National Association of
Attorneys General recently has set up
an advisory committee on public assist-
ance which includes Loula Dunn, com-
missioner of the Alabama Department of
Public Welfare; Fred K. Hoehler, direc-
tor of the American Public Welfare
Association; Harry Greenstein, former
relief administrator for the State of
Maryland; Elmer Goudy, administrator,
State Relief Commission of Oregon, and
William Haber, professor of economics,
Michigan State University.

Professor Haber, former Michigan
State Relief Administrator, is also one
of those appointed by Governor Murphy
to the new State Planning Commission to
undertake long-range economic, social
and recreational plans. Another appointee
is Abner Lamed, director of the Michi-
gan Unemployment Compensation Corn-



Changes To the Urban League in
Pittsburgh goes Philadelphia's Marechal-
Neil V. Ellison, former vocational coun-
selor of the NYA. Miss Ellison will head
the league's new education department
set up to study the young Negro's situa-
tion in relation to the schools, to offer
him vocational guidance and to aid in job
placement and industrial adjustment.

Another Philadelphian to make a more
complete change is Evalyn T. Cavin, for
nineteen years county executive director
of the Mothers Assistance Fund, Old Age
Assistance, and Pensions for the Blind.



Online LibrarySurvey AssociatesSurvey midmonthly : journal of social work (Volume 74) → online text (page 72 of 109)