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its. The doctor has offices in the two.
largest communities.

Warpath Again New York City is
reviving its intensive campaign against the
ravages of diphtheria among the city's
children. During the intensive campaign
of 1928-31 when most of the city's chil-
dren were immunized, "the prevalence
of the disease dropped so low that it was
thought it would soon disappear," says
Dr. Edward Fisher Brown in Neighbor-
hood Health, publication of the bureau of
health education of the City Health De-
partment. A record low was reached in
1936 when only thirty-five diphtheria
deaths were reported. However, "par-
ents became careless. Many children born
after that year were not immunized. The
result was that diphtheria began to rise
again. Last year there were 1544 cases
in New York City and fifty-seven deaths,
an increase of 314 cases and twenty-two
deaths over the preceding year."

Through district health centers, health
officers, welfare agencies, physicians and
a house-to-house canvass with the aid of
WPA personnel, the campaign to gain
100 percent immunization again is in full
swing. Parents who are unable to pay
the fee of private physicians can have
their children immunized at the city's
baby health stations.

Doctors Have a Plan The chair-
man of the committee on medical eco-
nomics of the Florida Medical Associa-
tion, Dr. J. C. Vinson, recently an-
nounced that the organization will estab-
lish a bureau "to serve as a clearing house
for classifying patients financially and ad-
justing, budgeting and collecting fees."
The plan was proposed, said Dr. Vinson,
when the committee found that the pub-
lic was not being adequately served in
medical care, and was designed as a step



toward insuring medical and surgical
service for patients regardless of finan-
cial status. Put into practice as a year's
experiment, the bureau will consult with
the patient on his ability to pay and on
terms of payment. An arrangement spread
over a maximum of twelve months to
meet the doctor's bill will be made. Thus,
"the patient will choose his own physi-
cian at a fair price," said Dr. Vinson. ^

Study Arthritis By an anonymous
gift of $30,000, the Bryn Mawr Fund
for Investigation of Chronic Arthritis
recently was established. The funds are
to be used at the Bryn Mawr Hospital
and the University of Pennsylvania
School of Medicine and must be spent
within the next three years. If by the end
of the three-year period worthwhile re-
sults have been achieved, the donor will
finance continuation of the work, news-
papers reported. The work will be ad-
ministered by a committee of Pennsyl-
vania doctors who are specialists in re-
lated fields. As a first step Bryn Mawr
hospital has opened an arthritis clinic.

Against Diabetes The program for
the recently incorporated New York
Diabetes Association [see Survey Mid-
monthly, March 1938, page 88] has been
drawn up. In an expansion of work
carried on for three years under a spe-
cial gift from Lucius N. Littauer by the
New York Tuberculosis and Health
Association, the new association proposes
"to disseminate knowledge of diabetes to
the public; to make available to physi-
cians data on approved methods of treat-
ment; to cooperate with nursing and
social work agencies; to conduct re-
search; to develop standards for hospital
care; and to operate a summer camp
for needy diabetic children."

Accuracy Note The Beacon, pub-
lished by the Wisconsin State Sanato-
rium, has issued a few editorial groans
on common abuses of technical terms



In answering advertisements please mention SURVEY MIUMONTHLY

293



concerning tuberculosis. "Please note that
the correct adjective is tuberculous, not
tubercular," said the article. "The lat-
ter describes simply any wart-like growth
in any living body, whereas 'tuberculous'
refers specifically and completely to the
disease of tuberculosis." The distinction
between sanatorium and sanitarium is
discussed; the former by generally pre-
ferred usage, referring to a healing in-
stitution and being the term used for a
place of treatment for people suffering
from tuberculosis; the word sanitarium
meaning rather a health resort for ner-
vous ailments and the like. Most im-
portant, "sanitorium" is a "no such
word." Abbreviations also are a tender
point, the correct one for tuberculosis
being Tb., not T.B. which stands only for
tubercle bacillus.

Measuring Rod An Appraisal Form
for Local Health Work, designed as a
measuring rod for community health
services, is a new publication of the
American Public Health Association.
The work of association committees
which for eighteen years have been
studying and measuring community
health needs and activities, this two-hun-
dred page document will be a useful
guide for rural or urban communities in
impersonal, periodic self-evaluation.
Price $1.60 from the association, 50
West 50 Street, New York.

Nurses and Nursing

TJSING data gathered from 26,158
student and staff nurses in 223
nursing schools the country over, a joint
committee of three large organizations
has drawn the conclusion that illness
among student nurses costs the hospitals
with which the schools are connected
about $3 million a year and illness
among graduate staff nurses about $880,-
000 more. The Study of the Incidence
and Costs of Illness Among Nurses was
made by the Joint Committee on the
Costs of Nursing Service and Nursing
Education of the American Hospital
Association, the American Nurses Asso-
ciation and the National League of
Nursing Education. Naturally the com-
mittee has something to say about pro-
grams for the protection of nurses'
health. The complete report is available
from the league, 50 West 50 Street,
New York. Price 50 cents.

Practical Training First to offer
courses to prepare practical nurses and
attendants to meet the requirements of
the new law governing the practice of
nursing in New York State is the Bal-
lard School of the YWCA of the City
of New York. The first course begin-
ning September 12 includes four months'
classroom work and six months' prac-
tical hospital work for which the school



is affiliated with the city Department
of Hospitals. Other courses will begin
in December and March. Students cer-
tified by the school as having completed
the course successfully must pass the
examinations of the board of regents of
the University of the State of New
York before being licensed to practice.

Placement Service On recommen-
dation of a study committee on placement
service for public health nurses, the Na-
tional Organization for Public Health
Nursing as of July 1 discontinued its con-
nection with Joint Vocational Service in
New York. Placement service for public
health nurses now is carried on by Nurse
Placement Service, 8 South Michigan
Avenue, Chicago.

In announcing the change, the
NOPHN board indicated that the or-
ganization's service should lie in counsel-
ing and standard-setting for placement
bureaus rather than in actual placement
and that placement could be more satis-
factorily done through regional services
maintaining national scope through a cen-
tral index. More bureaus, local, state and
regional, are in process of organization,
the board said. An advisory committee
with national representation has been ap-
pointed to study and guide vocational
service for public health nursing.

Anna L. Tittman, for ten years di-
rector of vocational and placement ser-
vice of the NOPHN through the Joint
Vocational Service, is director of Nurse
Placement Service and Elizabeth Mack-
enzie, long associate director of nurses
at Henry Street Visiting Nurse Service,
recently was appointed assistant for the
development of public health nursing
placement and counseling.

Public health nurses and employers
needing vocational service should now
make their requests of this service. If
desired, individual nurses' job records
will be transferred from JVS to the
present approved agency. Otherwise, rec-
ords will be stored by NOPHN.

Overseas The professional education
of French nurses and social workers
has recently been reorganized on a basis
which, says the League of Red Cross
Societies, "entails far-reaching reforms
in the conditions attached to the award
of diplomas." Different gradings have
been abolished and in future there
will be only one type of diploma for
social workers. An exception to this rule
is a special diploma for the graduates
of advanced schools of nursing and so-
cial service which are expected to pre-
pare personnel for executive positions
in state institutions. The different pro-
fessional schools offering either ele-
mentary or advanced diplomas are under
state regulation and control. Nurses are
required to undergo two years of train-
ing, social workers three years; but the



first year of instruction is identical fon
both of these related professional groups.

Among the States

INURING the coming year forty-four j
state legislatures will meet, many
of them to consider ways and means oi
reorganizing and financing public wel-
fare services.

All the Laws It takes a fat booklet
of 141 pages to hold the compilation oi
the social welfare laws of Connecticut
bringing them down to the end of 1937,
Much of the work was done by Charles i
G. Chakerian as secretary and consult-
ant of the commission to study the pau-
per laws and by college students undei
his direction. Published by the State Pub-
lic Welfare Council, Hartford, Conn.

Mistaken Idea The contention that
any state that gives humane treatment
to transients will be overwhelmed with
wandering throngs seems to be refuted bj
the experience of New York. Here the
transient has not been given a meal andi
a "flop" and then shoved along. On the
contrary the state has assumed responsi-
bility last year at a cost of $2,250,OOC
for destitute persons unable to meet:
the residence requirements for relief
Some of these persons have been re-
turned to their place of legal residence
others without legal settlement anywhere
have been and continue to be maintained
on relief.

Soak the Rich Oil-striking or other
newly-rich former relief recipients must
now pay back sums received as aid in >
New York State. The new policy turn-
ing away from the old theory that relief
is a gift is possible because of a section
of the state public welfare law which
gives local authorities discretionary pow-
ers to take action against persons with
leal or personal property. David C. Adie,
commissioner of the New York State
Department of Social Welfare,* promises
that the law will not be used against
those who through slight financial im-
provement have managed to become self-
supporting, but only against those who:
have received substantial sums and recog-
nize no responsibility for their debt to
the public treasury.

It Can Be Done Indiana's "volun-
tary merit system" for its welfare agen-
cies is all but blushing before the kudos
of the Public Administration Service of'<
Chicago which calls it "a scientific per-
sonnel system operating without a state !
civil service law." The Indiana system,
set up two years ago, is administered by
the joint bureau of personnel for the- 1
state unemployment compensation divi-
sion, including the employment service,
and the state and county Departments of i



294



SURVEY MIDMONTHLY'



Public Wrltarc, the last two employing
than 2000 persons. The program
udes various in-service training ac-
ties, the conduct of competitive exami-
ions and the maintenance of a sys-
of service ratings for use in salary
ustments, promotions, lay-offs and



Recreation

Pi BLIC recreation under regular
qualified leadership "hit a new high"
in 1937, says the National Recreation
toociation in its 1938 yearbook, with
1280 communities in this country and
Canada spending their own local funds
for the purpose. During the year some
twenty cities were added to those main-
taining a year-round program with a
full time executive in charge. Recrea-
tion leaders numbered 22,160 (not
counting many thousand volunteers) of
^km 3067 were employed full time the
whole year.

Business of Play Chicago's Rec-
ttion Survey has completed its second
cycle. Volume I [see Survey Midmonth-
Hruary 1938 ] dealt with public
^Creation. Volume II, released this
summer, polishes off commercial recre-
a|ion in 167 pages of text, maps, tables
and charts.

Commercial recreation is defined, in
chapter one, as "more or less highly
gamzed amusement enterprises en-
in primarily for profit making."
-that-we-pay-for (from billiards to
lAtstling) is paralleled, with certain
'notable exceptions, by public recreation.
| But Chicago sells far more amusement
'than it gives away. The city's annual bill
nmercial amusement is somewhere
near $250 million. This is big business.
The cost of public recreation is esti-
mated at $30 million a year.

WPA Play Figures out of New
York Citjk are apt to be staggering but
ieven a New York imagination falters
before the WPA statement that in the
x months of this year it had

!,3 19.868 "participants" three fourths
of them children in its recreational
projects, "physical, social and cultural."
"Participating children" increased by 58
percent during the period, adults by 114
percent. Largest of the WPA recrea-
tion enterprises is the street play proj-
<ect; employing 1214 persons in twelve
Iflto, conducted with the cooperation
t the Juvenile Aid Bureau and the
Police Athletic League of the city po-
lice departments. Cultural activities,
says WPA, mark "the new trend in
recreation."

According to a national policy board,
the WPA federal theater project, itself
a big and thriving undertaking, has de-

SEPTEMBER 1938




cided to go into the "highways and by-
ways" with its forthcoming productions.
By a federal bookkeeping arrangement
which reimburses those states contribut-
ing most heavily to the theater projects,
it will be possible for touring companies
to take the federal theater to the whole
country. The policy board has deter-
mined also to foster a distinctively
American theater by concentrating this
season on plays dealing with regional
history, people and conditions.

Seekers after recreation through
travel are finding the WPA American
Guide series increasingly useful. A sum-
mer study tour from New Jersey State
Teachers College has chosen these guides
as offering "the best possible basis for
historical, sociological, geographical and
cultural guidance to field students."

Professional

QUTGROWTH of the University
^"^ of Pittsburgh's seven-year-old di-
vision of social
work is the new
School of Applied
Social Sciences, a
graduate division,
which opens this
month with the new
academic year. Wil-
ber I. Newsletter
has been elected
dean of the new school. Mr. Newsletter
is well known in settlement, group work
and community activities. For several
years past he has been on the faculty of
the School of Applied Social Sciences,
Western Reserve University, Cleveland,
with group work as his special line. He
is president of the American Association
of Schools of Social Work and a member
of the American Association of Social
Workers.

New Names At its recent annual
meeting in Seattle the erstwhile National
Association for Travelers Aid and Tran-
sient Service (NATATS for short) de-
cided to drop its mouth-lilling old name
and to become the National Travelers
Aid Association. "One trouble with the
old name," said an officer, "is that it was
practically impossible to get it on a check.
We're hoping that the shorter one will
promote more and bigger check writing."
At the same business meeting the associa-
tion decided to give up the practice of
holding its annual meeting in connection
with the National Conference of Social
Work and to plan with its field for
separate biennial meetings.

Another group with a new cognomen
is the Committee on Care of Transient
and Homeless, Dr. Ellen C. Potter,
chairman, hitherto a somewhat loosely
formed organization, its members ap-
pointed by the National Social Work
Council. The committee is now in process



of incorporation as the Council on Inter-
state Migration, a name designed to de-
scribe its program of research into the
problems of transiency and of promotion
of sound and adequate treatment.

Counting Noses California is now
in a position to answer a good many re-
curring questions about its practicing
social workers, this as a result of the
state-wide census of the profession, con-
ducted last spring under the direction of
Alma Holzschuh by the board of ex-
aminers of the department of registration
and certification of the State Conference
of Social Work. The report is now avail-
able from the conference, 333 Kearny
Street, San Francisco. Price 25 cents.
With the cooperation of 325 social agen-
cies, the census enumerated paid social
workers employed full or part time, and
those temporarily not practicing. Some
4260 schedules were returned, this num-
ber representing probably 90 percent of
the social workers in the state. Of the
total, 82.5 percent were employed in tax-
supported work; 17.4 in privately sup-
ported. Of the public agency workers, 39
percent had civil service status. The re-
port is replete with data on educational
background of the workers, salary range,
field of specialization, and so on.

Pursuit of Knowledge The courses
in social work, organized last fall by the
Council of Social Agencies of Hartford,
Conn., as an experimental step toward
an accredited school of social work [see
Survey Midmonthly, October 1937, page
326J will be continued this year. Courses
offered are: Introduction to Social Case
Work, An Analysis of Social Case Meth-
od, Public Welfare, Dynamics of Human
Behavior, Psychopathology.

In cooperation with the New York
State Department of Welfare's bureau
of services for the blind, both New York
and Columbia Universities now are of-
fering survey courses on the eye, its dis-
eases, conditions and treatment. Opthal-
rr.ologists and technicians present material
in evening sessions planned for nurses,
teachers and social workers. Informa-
tion from Ruth B. McCoy, director, pre-
vention of blindness service, New York
State Department of Welfare, 205 East
42 Street, New York.

The Atlanta, Ga. School of Social
Work this fall became affiliated with At-
lanta University. While maintaining a
separate corporate and financial existence,
the school will be an essential part of
the university and will be known as the
Atlanta University School of Social
Work. Students completing the prescribed
two-year course will be awarded a uni-
versity degree of master of social work.

Coming Events The International
City Managers' Association will hold its
Silver Anniversary Conference Septem-

295



ber 26-29 in Boston, Mass. . . . The
American Public Health Association will
hold its 67tll annual meeting October 25-
28, in Kansas City, Mo.

The fiftieth anniversary year of the
Child Study Association of America will
be marked this fall by a variety of
events: on November 14-15, a two-day
conference to appraise the gains of the
half century in understanding of child-
hood and family life; on November 15, a
birthday dinner; on November 16-17 a
two-day institute to chart the course
shead. In connection with these events
the association will put on an exhibit
contrasting old and new methods of child
rearing.

The American Public Welfare Associ-
ation has chosen December 8-11 for its
annual round table and discussion con-
ference in Washington, D.C. The asso-
ciation proposes henceforth to hold its
annual business meeting at this confer-
ence rather than at its meetings in con-
nection with the National Conference of
Social Work.

For the Clergy Because ministers
are called on by their parishioners for all
sorts of social service information and
do not always know where to find it, the
New York Federation of Protestant
Welfare Agencies and the Greater New
York Federation of Churches have formed
a bureau of information to meet their
special needs in regard to community re-
sources, public and private. Edwina T.
Hazzard is the director.

People and Things

\/fORE than a thousand hopefuls
submitted entries in the contest of
the National Civil Service Reform
League for the best merit system slogan.
"Patronage rights are public wrongs"
took the cake, or whatever the prize was.
Firmly ruled out were such entries as:
"Spare the exams and get in the hams";
"Don't can those who can"; "Civil ser-
vice is the nation's washboard."

Public Service The National Youth
Administration has a new deputy ex-
ecutive director, Orren H. Lull from
Denver, who has been regional director
for the western states. Mr. Lull suc-
ceeds Richard R. Brown, resigned. . . .
Robert H. Hinckley, an assistant ad-
ministrator and far western field repre-
sentative of WPA who was prominent
in organizing relief work in that region,
has resigned to become a member of the
Civil Aeronautics Authority. H. E.
Smith, who has been Mr. Hinckley's
assistant, will succeed him as acting field
representative with headquarters in Salt
Lake City.

When Joel R. Moore resigned as su-
pervisor of the U. S. Probation System



to become warden of the state prison of
southern Michigan, Richard A. Chappell
of Atlanta, a lawyer who has taken
graduate work at the New York School
of Social Work, was appointed acting
supervisor. After serving his "probation"
since March 1937, Mr. Chappell now
has been appointed supervisor in which
job he will be accountable for proba-
tion officers and their work in ninety-
two federal courts. . . . William J.
Trent, Jr., from the staff of Bennett
College, Greensboro, N. C., has become
adviser on Negro affairs in the Public
Works Administration. He succeeds
Dewey R. Jones who resigned to assist
Charlotte Carr at Hull-House, Chicago.

Foundations George M. Reynolds,
formerly Mississippi state director of
the U. S. Farm Security Administration,
now is director for fellowships of the
Julius Rosenwald Fund, succeeding
Raymond R. Paty who resigned to be-
come president of Birmingham-South-
ern College, Ala. Howard W. Odum
of the University of North Carolina,
well known to readers of Survey
Graphic, is a new member of the fund's
board of trustees.

A new million-dollar charitable and
educational endowment is the Emily and
Ernest Woodruff Foundation, estab-
lished by Ernest Woodruff of Atlanta,
Ga. The income is to be used for gifts
to "universities, colleges and highschools,
assistance to worthy individuals seeking
education, support and enlargement of
charitable hospitals, aid to indigent and
diseased poor people, promotion of re-
ligious education, erection and improve-
ment of churches and encouragement of
science and literature."

Comings and Goings The Illinois
Society for Mental Hygiene has named
Dr. Conrad S. Sommer as director suc-
ceeding Helen L. Myrich, resigned. Dr.
Sommer has been the society's medical
director. Kathleen O. Larkin, educa-
tional director, now becomes associate
director. . . . Margaret Hughes, a pi-
oneer in children's work in Minnesota,
has resigned as supervisor of private
institutions and agencies in the state
Children's Bureau, a position which she
has held since 1921.

Jeanette Regensburg, for the past six
years an associate district secretary for
the Charity Organization Society of
New York, this fall joins the faculty of
Tulane University School of Social
Work as assistant professor of social
case work. Gladys Hall, from the School
of Social Service Administration at the
University of Chicago, is another new-
comer to the same faculty. She will be
assistant professor of child welfare. . . .
Everett B. Sackett, formerly director of
research for schools in the Canal



and a contributor to Survey Graphi
has accepted an appointment to the fao
ulty of the University of New Hamd
shire.

Honors Dr. Chesley Bush, Liver-
more, Calif, has been elected presider
of the National Tuberculosis Associ;
tion, succeeding Dr. J. Arthur Myer
Dr. Frederick T. Lord, Boston, an
Dr. P. P. McCain, Sanatorium, N. (t
are new vice-presidents. . . . Also electe
at recent annual meetings were D'
Bruce H. Douglas, Detroit, as pres
dent of the American Sanatorium Assc
ciation and W. Ford Higby, executiv
of the California Tuberculosis Associ:
tion, as president of the National Cot
ference of Tuberculosis Secretaries.

George A. Bellamy, headworker f(
forty-two years at Hiram House, Clevi
land, recently received the Charles Eis<
man Award (with $750 honorarium



Online LibrarySurvey AssociatesSurvey midmonthly : journal of social work (Volume 74) → online text (page 79 of 109)