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Riverside Church.

Foundations The William Alanson
White Psychiatric Foundation has an-
nounced the establishment of the Wash-
ington School of Psychiatry for post-
graduate training in the study of mental
diseases. Planned as a memorial to Dr.
White, the school purposes to "carry on
research and train workers in the fields
in which Dr. White was so long a pio-
neer." The school will be concerned with
a selected group of younger physicians



JANUARY 1938



23



and students in social and biological sci-
ences. It also is planned to offer shorter
postgraduate courses for psychiatrists in
public positions for whom appropriate
training facilities are not now available.
The Kosciuszko Foundation this month
celebrates twelve years of work to pro-
mote intellectual and cultural relations
between Poland and the United States.
Without drawing on capital funds of its
endowment, the foundation has furnished
142 exchange scholarships for students
and professors from the two countries. It
has published more than a dozen books in
its subject field and provided information
service for Poles and Americans.

Good Old Times On the occasion
of the hundredth anniversary of the Hill-
side Home for Children, Rochester,
N. Y., the board of the institution dug
into old records to discover what its
honorable predecessors talked about at
meetings. Mostly, it seems, they talked
about rules and regulations for every
detail of the children's lives. For ex-
ample: "The children shall go in perfect
silence, two by two, to the dining room
and shall be required to keep silence at
their meals. . . . Resolved: to recon-
sider the vote taken at the last meeting
on the subject of butter and to exclude
it wholly as an article of food for the
children. . . . Resolved: to exclude wholly
meat and butter, allowing soups and cod-
fish each once a week, also resolved to
exclude molasses and substitute baked
apples at the discretion of the matron.
. . . There shall be a few minutes for
play after school if no work is to be done.
Supper at 5:30 ... after which evening
devotions will be held. The bedtime is
at the discretion of the matron, but must
not be later than seven o'clock."

California Doings The legislative
committee of the California Conference
of Social Work is engaged in drafting
a bill for the registration and certifica-
tion of social workers to be submitted
to the legislature at its next session.

San Francisco has a new non-sectarian
Family Service Agency, organized for
an eighteen months demonstration period
with a grant of $25,000 to the Commu-
nity Chest by the Rosenburg Foundation.
If at the end of the period the agency
has proved itself the chest will consider
its permanent financing. Mrs. John B.
Levison is chairman of the new board.

Recent studies of the family and child
welfare services represented in the San
Diego Community Chest are bringing
immediate results. The Associated Cha-
rities has been reorganized with Eleanor
Mead, formerly of the Santa Barbara
Neighborhood House, as director. For
special work with child care agencies
the local Junior League has provided
a full time case worker, in the person



of Patricia Hosford, for a "demonstra-
tion year."

Another reorganization is that of the
San Francisco county welfare depart-
ment and the citizens' emergency relief
committee which brings together in one
agency all county services of direct relief
and assistance to children, aged and the
blind. The policies of the new depart-
ment are under an unpaid citizen board
of five. Dr. Jacques P. Gray, recently
manager of the Kirby Memorial Health
Center of Wilkes Barre, Pa., is director,
with Eugenie Schenk heading the division
of categorical assistance and Katherine
Hanlon the division of county relief.

Plans are well under way in San
Joaquin County for a new child guidance
service, starting in midsummer, for nur-
sery, grade and highschool children.
Sponsored by health and school author-
ities and financed for five years by the
Commonwealth Fund, the service will
have a staff including a full time psy-
chiatrist, five psychiatric social workers
and a part time psychologist.

Church Social Work Another step
ahead in organization for church-social
work cooperation [see The Survey, No-
vember 15, page 359] recently was tak-
en in Detroit. The local council of
churches recommends to all its constitu-
ent congregations a plan which would
set up, in each church, a welfare council
to include: the pastor, his staff, a volun-
tary consultant from a professional so-
cial agency, an attorney, a physician and
an educator.

In a recent "school of Christian liv-
ing," designed by the Cleveland Church
Federation as a follow-up to the Nation-
al Preaching Mission of a year ago, lo-
cal church and social workers together
formulated a program of religious social
action. It includes: reorganization after
a fifteen-year lapse of an interracial com-
mission; formation of a clearing agency
for church unemployed, and the offering
of vocational counsel for young people
through established agencies; informal
conferences on labor and industrial prob-
lems; further study of the consumers' co-
operative movement; organization of
church institutional workers into a local
auxiliary of the national body.

Line of Duty The Cleveland Com-
munity Fund recently gave a series of
awards for "distinguished service" by or
through local social work agencies. A
girl scout was honored for a rescue which
had been made possible by her scout
training in swimming; the first secretary
of the federated Jewish agencies of Cleve-
land was honored for his thirty years of
devoted service; a nurse, for her develop-
ment of techniques in pre-natal instruc-
tion; a ninety-four-year-old Salvation
Army ensign for a half century of ser-



vice, and so on. The awards and citations
"told the heroic story of the intimate
daily life" of the workers so honored, re-
ports publicity secretary Harold Tune,
who adds, modestly, that the project got
much newspaper attention.

Prize for Scholarship) Duke Uni-
versity has announced a prize of $1500
to be awarded in connection with the
centennial celebration of Trinity College,
now a part of the university. The award,
to be given on March 1, 1939, will rec-
ognize a scholarly manuscript, of no less
than fifty thousand words, relating to the
social, literary or artistic history of the
United States. Full information from
Duke University Press, Durham, N. C.

For Study At its recent annual meet-
ing the American Prison Association auth-
orized the formation of a new standing
committee to study and report on per-
sonnel standards and training. Richard
A. McGee, warden of the penitentiary
of the City of New York is chairman.

Prof. Frank M. Stewart, chairman of
the department of political science of the
University of California at Los Angeles,
will be in charge of a new bureau of gov-
ernmental research, established in the
university to study the field of public ad-
ministration. He will be assisted by Dr.
George W. Bemis, research associate
and Evelyn Huston, librarian. Special
attention will be given to the governmen-
tal problems of the various southern
California communities. A specialized lib-
rary of governmental documents and re-
ports will provide basic materials for
the research program.

Memorial In memory of "a social
worker whose greatest happiness was
derived from the development of her
students," the family and friends of Ethel
C. Taylor, a member of the faculty of
the New York School of Social Work
at the time of her death last summer,
have given her personal library to the
Department of Social Work of Denver
University as the nucleus of a memorial
collection. The collection of some 112
volumes and numerous valuable pamph-
lets and reports touching many aspects
of child welfare, fills a very present need
at this comparatively new school of so-
cial work in a pioneer area. The child
welfare provisions of the social security
act in operation in all the states in the
Rocky Mountain region, as well as in
some to the east and south of Colorado
have created a demand for more and
more courses in the children's field. The
usefulness of the collection will extend,
moreover, beyond the confines of the
university. Requests from county wor-
kers who are receiving in-service train-
ing or who, in groups or singly, desire
to equip themselves better to meet the



24



SURVEY MIDMONTHLY



problems which they have begun to re-
cognize, can now be met by loans from
this collection.

Although much of Miss Taylor's
professional career was in the East, her
interest was national in scope and her
friends feel that in presenting her books
to a western school they are carrying on
the spirit which led her to share herself
so generously with her students and
fellow workers. The library is to be
known as The Ethel C. Taylor Memo-
rial Collection. Each volume will be
marked with an attractive bookplate de-
vised by Mary Boretz and Janet Geister,
the two friends who are acting with
Mi^s Taylor's family in making this gift.
A mimeographed list of the books in the
collection may be obtained by any friends
..: Miss Taylor who may desire to add
to the collection from Miss Boretz, 329
East 62 Street, New York, or Miss
Geister, 7825 St. Charles Avenue, New
Orleans, or from Denver University.

The Social Workers Committee to Aid
Spanish Democracy has assumed respon-
sibility for the support of a children's
colony in Spain which cares for thirty
homeless children. It will be named in
memory of the late Ethel C. Taylor who,
at the time of her death, was vitally in-
terested in the committee's activities.
Contributions may be sent to the com-
mittee's new address, 381 Fourth Ave-
nue, New York.

Not the Same The erstwhile St. Louis
Bureau for Homeless Men has become
the St. Louis Bureau for Men. In com-
menting on the change, the bureau house
organ explained that "dropping the
word 'homeless' emphasizes the growth
of the bureau from an all-round relief
bureau . . . dealing primarily with tran-
sients and casual laborers, to a private
case working agency. . . . The. word
'homeless' in our name has long been
a handicap, especially in our contacts
with older boys and we believe its elimi-
nation will greatly facilitate our enlarged
program."

Church Pensions The Church Pen-
sions Conference, representing the vari-
ous evangelical denominations, during
the last fiscal year gave annual benefits
to 38,137 individuals, according to a re-
port to the last annual meeting. Total
benefits of $11,203,474 were distributed,
which represents an increase of more
than $500,000 over the preceding fiscal
year. Regular pensions accounted for
$9,307,750 and relief benefits to 9482
persons, for $1,767,072.

Coming Events Not a White House
Conference but somewhat akin to one is
the Conference on Better Care for Moth-
ers and Babies called for January 17-18
in Washington by the U.S. Children's
Bureau. The conference, in which some




Well on the way to occupancy is this building on the campus of the University
of Chicago which will house fifteen organizations with closely related functions in
the field of public administration, brought together under the leadership of the
Public Administration Clearing House, Louis Brownlow, director. The building
[see The Survey, May 1937, page 161] is being erected and equipped and will be
maintained by means of a grant of $1,153,000 by the Spelman Fund of New York.

On another campus, that of Ohio State University, the new building of the
School of Social Administration, Charles C. Stillman, director, recently was
dedicated. Included in the program was a meeting in tribute to the \V p \ men
who erected the building.

At Harvard University plans have been approved for a four-story building
for the Graduate School of Public Administration, established with a gift of two
million dollars by Lucius N. Littauer of New York. A recent additional gift of
$250,000 by Mr. Littauer has made it possible to enlarge plans of the building to
give space for instruction, a library, accommodations for visiting consultants and
for the graduate departments of economics, government and sociology.



forty national organizations are cooper-
ating, will face the hard facts of the haz-
ards of maternity and early infancy in
this country, discuss the measures for re-
ducing these hazards that have been ef-
fective in certain places and for selected
groups, and consider means of extending
the benefits of knowledge and experience
to all mothers and babies in the country.

An institute for tuberculosis workers
will be conducted in New York January
31-February 12 by the National Tuber-
culosis Association, in cooperation with
New York University and the New York
Tuberculosis and Health Association.
Full information from Philip P. Jacobs,
50 West 50 Street, New York.

On February 5, Vanderbilt University,
Nashville, Tenn. will inaugurate its new
chancellor, Oliver C. Carmichael. A sym-
posium on higher education in the South,
arranged in honor of the occasion, will
draw leading educators from all over the
United States.

The probation plan and scope commit-
tee of the New York court of general
sessions has announced its 1938 institutes
on probation, now under way and con-
tinuing through April. Full information
from Irving Halpern, director of insti-
tutes, 37 Franklin Street, New York.

"Building a stronger generation" is the
theme for the twenty-eighth anniversary
of the Boy Scouts of America, February



6-12. More than 7,500,000 former scouts
will join the more than a million present
members in a nation-wide celebration.
The membership has decided to observe
the anniversary with a campaign against
accidents, and for general safety habits.

The fifteenth annual meeting of the
American Orthopsychiatric Association
will be held February 24-26 in Chicago.
Information from Dr. N. C. LaMar, 210
East 68 Street, New York.

The 1938 meeting of the National
Conference of Catholic Charities and
the Society of St. Vincent de Paul will
be held October 9-12 in Richmond, Va.
The Rt. Rev. Thomas J. O'Dwyer,
director of the Catholic Welfare Bureau
of Los Angeles, is president.

People and Things

IDA TARBELL, vigorous survivor of
the famous "muckraker" journalist-re-
formers of several decades ago, celebra-
ted her recent eightieth birthday by
figuratively and of course politely thumb-
ing her nose, in a New York Times in-
terview, at present-day excitements and
issues. She denied that today is America's
most exciting period. The days of real
political liveliness, she said, go back to
"the other Roosevelt. ... In those days
each side thought the nation was doomed
unless it could elect its candidate. . . .



JANUARY 1938



25



As far as the program of social laws is
concerned, these are things that we have
been building up to for the past fifty
years."

Elections The Utah Conference of
Social Work has chosen as its officers for
the coming year: president, Ada Gris-
wold, Ogden; vice-presidents, Howard
L. Gee and Hazel Peterson, Salt Lake
City and H. H. Ramsay, American
Fork; secretary-treasurer, Ruth Loh-
moelder, Salt Lake City. . . . The New
Jersey Conference of Social Work
elected as president, David Fales, Jr.,
Newark; vice-presidents, John J. Mc-
Hugh, Jersey City and Mrs. William
Barstow, West Orange; treasurer, Wal-
ter Kidde, Montclair.

The National Council for the Physic-
ally Handicapped has elected: president,
Oliver A. Friedman, Milwaukee, Wis. ;
secretary-treasurer, Alvin E. Pope, New
Jersey. . . . The new president of the
National Safety Council is D. D. Fennell
of Chicago. ... At its last election the
National Municipal League chose as
president, Clarence A. Dykstra of the
University of Wisconsin ; vice-president,
Marguerite M. Wells of the National
League of Women Voters. . . . Bleeck-
er Marquette, secretary of the Cincin-
nati Metropolitan Housing Authority,
has been elected president of the Na-
tional Association of Housing Officials.

Comings and Goings A. R. Clas,
one-time director of the housing div-
ision and later an assistant administrator
of the federal Public Works Adminis-
tration, has resigned to return to pri-
vate business. . . . Geoffrey May, whose
"formerlies" include the Russell Sage
Foundation and the Richmond, Va. Fam-
ily Service Society, has been appointed
associate director of the bureau of pub-
lic assistance of the Social Security
Board. . . . Margaret Verdon, who has
been superintendent of the board of com-
missioners of public welfare of Water-
bury, Conn., on January 1 became un-
employment compensation commissioner
for the state. . . . Glenn A. Bowers, ex-
ecutive director of the division of place-
ment and unemployment insurance of the
New York State Labor Department, has
resigned. Until next July, when he will
"return to private activity," Mr. Bowers
plans to devote himself to "solution of
certain major problems involved in the
future administration of the unemploy-
ment insurance law. . . .Byron D. Pad-
don, who has been principal of the voca-
tional school and assistant superintend-
ent of the Berkshire Industrial Farm,
Canaan, N. Y., now is superintendent
succeeding the late Harry H. Graham.
... A new staff member with the New
York Children's Aid Society is Alice Hy-
man, formerly with the city Emergency

26



Relief Bureau. Miss Hyman, a Negro,
will work in the foster home department
on a project aiming to help with the diffi-
cult problem of placement in the com-
munity of Negro children from War-
wick State School.

Alfred Rheinstein, New York building
contractor, and Edward F. McGrady,
former Assistant Secretary of Labor, at
present associated with the Radio Cor-
poration of America in charge of labor
relations, have been appointed members
of the New York City Housing Author-
ity. In addition to filling the non-salaried
post on the Housing Authority, Mr.
Rheinstein has been designated by Mayor
La Guardia as the city's first commis-
sioner of housing and building. This po-
sition, created under the city's new
charter, corresponds roughly to the for-
mer tenement house commissionership.

Rev. Elmer A. Barton, S.J., has been
named dean of the School of Social Work
of Loyola University, Chicago. . . .
Elizabeth Coates, former supervisor of
the Catholic Home Bureau of New York
City, is now on the staff of the state
Bureau of Child Welfare at Albany. . . .
The American Foundation for the Blind
has added to its staff as director of pub-
lic information, F. Fraser Bond, former-
ly of the New York Times.

Moses W. Beckelman, who has been
headworker of Bronx House, recently
joined the staff of the Welfare Council
as secretary of sections on group work
and employment, succeeding Jean Ken-
nedy, now superintendent of the Brooklyn
and Staten Island districts of the state
employment service.

The League of Catholic Women of
Detroit, Mich., assisted by the com-
munity fund, has expanded its social
service department, with Marion Mc-
Veigh from the Alabama WPA as new
case supervisor.

Health World Charles Kurtzhalz,
for nine years executive secretary of the
Delaware County, Pa. Tuberculosis As-
sociation, has succeeded the late Harvey
Dee Brown as director of the Philadel-
phia Health Council and Tuberculosis
Committee.

A new division of child psychiatry in
the Indiana Health Department's Bu-
reau of Maternal and Child Health
will have Dr. Exie E. Welsch as its di-
rector. She will establish a program,
dealing largely with preventive aspects
of child psychiatry among children un-
der the care and supervision of the de-
partment. . . . Sybil H. Pease, who was
with New York's East Harlem Nursing
and Health Demonstration, has joined
the staff of the Pittsburgh Public Health
Nursing Association as consultant in
mental hygiene.

The American Red Cross Nursing Ser-
vice has announced the appointment of



Bertha Louise Allwardt, a public health
nurse from Ohio, as field representative
for New York State and of Cecilia Edna
Welsh from Providence, R. I. as rep-
resentative for Maine and New Hamp-
shire. . . . Clara Quereau, formerly sec-
retary of the New York State Board of
Nurse Examiners, now is with the Na-
tional League of Nursing Education
headquarters staff as secretary of the
committee on accrediting.

Emma MacChesney, R.N. has suc-
ceeded Margaret Arnstein, R.N. as con-
sulting nurse in communicable diseases
for the New York State Department of
Health. Miss Arnstein has gone to the
University of Minnesota medical school
as director of public health nursing
courses. . . . Hazel V. Dudley, from
New York's Henry Street Visiting
Nurse Service, has been appointed di-
rector of the Connecticut Bureau of
Public Health Nursing. In a merit sys-
tem examination, Miss Dudley stood
first. . . . Lilly T. Harman, also from
the Henry Street nurses, has been ap-
pointed supervising nurse of the eastern
health district of Baltimore, Md.

Distinguished Service - - John H.
Finley, editor of the New York Times,
has added to his many public services the
directorship of the Hall of Fame, an
American "pantheon" given by Helen
Gould Shepard, in 1900, to New York
University.

The quarter century of outstanding
service of Albert B. Hines to New
York's Madison Square Boys Club was
recognized with a "semi-jubilee anniver-
sary dinner."

In recognition of the Helen Keller
Tribute Year, the American Foundation
for the Blind has embarked on a cam-
paign for $2 million. The observance will
culminate on March 3, which, it is an-
ticipated, will be proclaimed by Presi-
dent Roosevelt as Helen Keller Day, the
anniversary of her first meeting with her
teacher, the late Anne Sullivan Macy.

Ruth Muskrat Bronson, associate
guidance and placement officer of the
U. S. Office of Indian Affairs, has been
named for the 1937 achievement award
of the Indian Council Fire.

Under Way The New York State
Temporary Commission on the Condi-
tion of the Urban Colored Population is
busily at work and will report its find-
ings to the coming session of the state
legislature. The working staff includes:
executive director, Lester B. Granger,
on leave of absence from the Worker's
Bureau of the National Urban League;
research director, Dean S. Yarbrough,
formerly with the Warren, Ohio, Urban
League and the New York Emergency
Relief Bureau; director of legal research
and counsel, Lewis Mayers, from the
College of the City of New York.

SURVEY MIDMONTHLY



Readers Write



Polliwogs and Others

To THE EDITOR: Thanks to Neva Dear-
dorff for her ardent plea to banish that
word "feel" when other words are more
accurate. [See The Sun>ey, October 1937,
page 330.] Encouraged by her expression
of what I long and feelingly have thought,
I want to beg for a crusade against "re-
act." When people ask, "What is your
reaction?" I am tempted to snort, "re-
acting is what litmus paper and polliwogs
do in the laboratory. Please flatter me by
assuming that occasionally I think. Don't
you know that reactors make the fodder
for reactionaries?" Some day I am going
to react with the whole armory of beha-
viors permitted to a pacifist. To prevent
such an outburst, please, dear Survey,
drop everything and start the crusade.

HENRY NEUMANN
Brooklyn Society for Ethical Culture

Stillwater's Record

To THE EDITOR: I hope the article, Horse
Collars and Prisons, by James V. Ben-
nett [see The Survey, September 1937,
page 277] got a wide reading. It explains
clearly the extent and danger of idleness
among prisoners. I do not believe thi;
condition is necessary in our prison sys-
tem and, as evidence, I cite the record of
the Minnesota State Prison at Stillwater,
one of the best plants of its kind in the
country. Since 1891 the prison has manu-
factured and sold binder twine to a value,
at the end of 1935, close to $70 million.
Annual sales amount now to about $2,-
800,000. Since 1908 more than three hun-
dred thousand pieces of farm machinery
and millions of repair parts have been
manufactured within the prison and sold.
Prisoners at this institution receive about
$125,000 annually in wages. The indus-
tries have accumulated a revolving fund
ot some $3,500,000 and show a yearly
profit of $40,000. Stillwater is a self-
supporting prison and its prisoners are
not idle.
Hitting, Minn. FRED N. MAKI

Democracy in Social Work

To THE EDITOR: The future of private
social work will depend largely upon how
genuinely democracy has permeated it.



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