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and asked permission of the clinic authori-
ties to install a radio in the anteroom.
Officials seeing the desirability of an at-
mosphere in which waiting would be less
tedious readily acquiesced. The radio was
bought through the patients' own contri-
butions, nickels and dimes dropped in a
little box set up in the waiting room.

Cancer From the cancer battlefield
comes word of a new foundation in Lit-
tle Rock, Ark., sponsored by the Arkan-
sas Federation of Women's Clubs.
Named for a former president of the
federation, Elise A. Lake, the founda-
tion will cooperate with the Arkansas
School of Medicine's free cancer clinic.
. . . The Pennsylvania Department of
Health is setting up seven cancer clinics.
. . . All cases of lung tumor reported to
the New York City Memorial Hospital
and the veterans' hospital in Hines, 111.,
are to be investigated by the National




Institute of Health for its study of lung
cancer, under the direction of Dr. James
A. Crabtree. . . . Indianapolis's city hos-
pital has a new cancer clinic, Patrick
Hall, built by $40,000 from the late
Kathryn Cones Patrick's $100,000 bene-
faction. The remaining $60,000 will be
used for maintenance.

Professional

{""\PENING of a placement bureau for
^^ "exceptionally qualified" students
and graduates of the social sciences has
been announced by the New School for
Social Research, 66 West 12th Street,
New York. Mrs. Phillip E. Allen is
chairman of the bureau where prospect-
ive employers may find economists, statis-
ticians, research workers, college instruc-
tors, economic writers, sociologists, psy-
chologists, and student assistants.

Relaunched With its inward spar-
kle precluding the necessity for a cham-
pagne bath the Social Work Publicity
Council's current bulletin has sailed
forth rechristened and redecorated. Cast-
ing off its mimeographed trappings in
favor of print the old News Bulletin has
become Channels. It promises to keep
constant its purpose of stimulating a
flow of ideas to and from the public.

Pursuit of Knowledge The Grad-
uate School and School of Public Affairs
of the American University, Washington,
D. C., have recruited a group of distin-
guished specialists and experts for its
current courses in social security admin-
istration. Among them are Arthur J.
Altmeyer, Frank Bane, Ewan Clague,
and Cornelius R. P. Cochrane of the So-
cial Security Board, Glen Leet of the
American Public Welfare Association,
Elwood Street of the Washington De-
partment of Public Welfare.

This fall inaugurated an enlarged pro-
gram at the school of nursing at the
University of Cincinnati with new
courses on teaching in schools of nursing;
supervision in schools of nursing; public
health nursing.

The need for trained persons to work
on the epidemiological aspects of venereal
disease control has prompted a three
months' course in epidemiology at the
University of Pennsylvania's Institute for
the Control of Syphilis. The course, open
to social workers, nurses, public health
workers and physicians, is being given in
three sessions, the current one, others
starting in December and March.

Discussion on the prevention of men-
tal illness is planned as a symposium on
mental health to be held in Richmond,
Va., December 28-30 before the section
on medical sciences of the American As-
sociation for the Advancement of Sci-
ence. Collaborators in the enterprise
are the National Committee for Mental
Hygiene, the American Psychiatric As-



sociation, the U. S. Public Health Serv-
ice, the Mental Hospital Survey Com-
mittee. This marks the beginning of
mental hygiene as a major topic on the
agenda of this learned society.

Nutrition instruction for public health
nurses is being undertaken by the Cleve-
land Health Council. Alice Smith, for-
merly a member of the nutrition staff of
Detroit's Department of Public Welfare
and instructor in the home economics
department of Wayne University, will
direct the program.

Newborn Sired by the National Coun-
cil of Social Work, out of the Com-
mittee on Care of Transient and Home-
less, the Council of Interstate Migration
announces its birth to the social work
world. For such a thoroughbred a tough
schedule is to be expected, and its cer-
tificate of incorporation bears out ex-
pectations with the stated objectives of
encouraging the study of social problems
related to migration within the United
States, serving as a clearing house for
information concerning these problems,
aiding conferences and joint planning in
regard to them among governmental and
non-governmental groups, making essen-
tial studies to facilitate the program.
Active, delegate and associate member-
ships in the council are open, the first
for leaders in the field directly con-
cerned with population mobility, the sec-
ond for agencies and groups whose work
comes in contact with migration prob-
lems, and the third for interested in-
dividuals "not free to participate actively
in the work of the council." The board
of directors includes Dr. Ellen C. Potter,
Russell H. Kurtz, Bertha McCall,
George Rabinoff and Margaret E. Rich.
Executive secretary is Philip E. Ryan.

Money, Money Though the first
half of 1938 brought only sparse finan-
cial gleanings to philanthropy as com-
pared with 1937 [see Survey Midmonth-
ly, August 1938, page 265] community
chest contributions fell off less than 4
percent, according to Charles P. Taft,
II, chairman of the Community Mo-
bilization for Human Needs. Trends re-
ported by the Internal Revenue Bureau
show that contributions to community
chests continue to be higher than con-
tributions to specific charitable organi-
zations. Over 60 percent of the $83,-
871,576 from the 1937 fall and 1938
spring campaigns is accounted for by
gifts of $100 or over; 12 percent by gifts
under $5. Most gift groups are still
well below 1929 figures though the num-
ber of those giving $500 and over and
those less than $25 show a substantial
gain. The average chest received con-
tributions from 18 percent of the people
in its community.

Setting its goal at $88,575, the Amer-
ican Nurses Association is gathering
funds to boost the endowment of the



358



SURVEY MIDMONTHLY



Florence Nightingale International Foun-
dation. Located in London the educa-
tional memorial was inaugurated in 1934,
twenty-two years after it was first pro-
posed at a meeting of the International
Coundl of Nurses at Cologne. The
ANA hopes to fulfill its quota before
the next meeting of the ICN in this
country in 1941.

Like an actor who knows that the
show must go on, education valiantly
persists in China. On this side of the
Pacific, $300,071 was raised recently by
the National Emergency Committee for
Christian Colleges in China under the
chairmanship of Paul D. Cravath. Of
interest to fund-raisers is the classifica-
tion of contributions 92 percent from
gifts less than $50 each, only 4 percent
from gifts of $100 or over.

Dates Ahead The National Confer-
ence of Social Work has set June 18-24
for the 1939 meeting in Buffalo. The con-
ference met last in Buffalo in 1909 with
the late Ernest P. Bicknell as president.
Buffalo will be the setting for the
thirtieth anniversary of the Federal
Council of Churches which will hold its
biennial there December 6-9.

In Print A full description of Indi-
ana's system of personnel administration
in its Department of Public Welfare and
Unemployment Compensation Division
[see Survey Midmonthly, September
1938, page 294] has been prepared and
published by Public Administration Ser-
vice, 1313 East 60 Street, Chicago. Price
$1.50. Along with the description and the
case history of the installation are the
rules and regulations governing the op-
eration of the Bureau of Personnel and
reproductions of many record forms.

The article, Security in Social Work,
written by John A. Fitch of the New
York School of Social Work and pub-
lished in Survey Midmonthly in August
1938, has been reprinted by the Social
Service Employes Division of the Uni-
ted Office and Professional Workers of
America, CIO. Price 5 cents from the
union, 8 West 40 Street, New York.

Recreation Congress

TPHE tendency of new professions to
grow out of specific social move-
ments was reflected in the recent Na-
tional Recreation Congress in Pittsburgh
by the formation of a new professional
organization, the Society of Recreation
Workers of America. Open to any full
time worker in the recreation field the
society aims to maintain and elevate
standards of qualifications for the work,
to promote professional training and to
encourage study and research in recrea-
tional subjects. V. K. Brown, superin-
tendent of recreation, Chicago Park Dis-
trict, was elected president.

This action was in key with the whole

NOVEMBER 1938



recreation congress where the "how to"
emphasis was far weightier than the
"what to" angle. Theories on adminis-
tration, program diversity, leadership
training, coordination, all fairly well
agreed upon, were discussed in relation
to the practical methods of application.
Practice, in fact, was carried to the point
of demonstration and participation in the
form of folk dancing, dramatic presenta-
tions, general singing and motion pic-
tures, giving the tired delegate a gener-
ous dose of his own tasty medicine. The
folk dancing was highly popular and, un-
der the direction of Ralph B. Teffer-
teller of the Highlander Folk School,
Monteagle, Tenn., brought a gala hour
to each day. In addition to play facilities
there was a workshop comprised of read-
ing material in all recreational phases.
Easily available for personal conferences
were twenty-three specialist consultants
with whom over 700 appointments were
made. Field trips to observe local or-
ganizations in action were almost too
popular, tending to be overcrowded.

Outstanding in the "trends of thought"
of the meeting was the expanded con-
cept of recreation, grown far away from
mere athletics and the neighborhood
baseball club (long superceded by soft
ball, the real national game) to a real-
ization of the diverse interests to be
found in a heterogeneous population and
the possibilities of their development into
leisure time activities. Athletics, partic-
ularly swimming, are of course still a
major factor in recreational programs,
but growing beside them are music,
dramatics, arts and crafts, and even
study groups. This last, though a new
phase, in some instances has been carried
to the point of participation in civic proj-
ects, and is evidence of the recognition
of recreation in mental activity.

The great need expressed throughout
the conference was for closer community
coordination, the development of the
recreational idea from a function of an
individual organization to a community
movement. Expression was pronounced
that responsibility lay not with one or-
ganization but with the community as a
whole, a community in which increased
leisure time creates the problem of how
to spend it. It was felt that this co-
ordination and pooling of facilities to
bring out a planned community p'rogram
should be accompanied by education of
the community to the purpose of recrea-
tion the fuller enjoyment of life
through the intelligent use of leisure.
One phase of the expression of this need
was a lay discussion on the use of pub-
lic schools for after-hour recreation in
which it was brought out that the main
force militating against such use is lack
of money.

The big problem weighing on the dele-
gates' shoulders was, in fact, financial.
What will happen, they worried, to the



great new recreational facilities devel-
oped in the last few years when the fed-
eral government steps out of the picture?
The question remained unanswered.

Featured on the final day of the con-
ference was a pet show. No dogs, cats
or cockroaches were allowed, however,
the pets being ideas, old and new, ex-
pounded in a general free for all, bring-
ing to a lively end a conference charged
with vitality.

Over 1500 delegates attended the con-
gress which had an official registration
of 1366. Among them were volunteer
and professional recreation workers, fed-
eral representatives, state and county
leaders, extension directors, municipal
officers and educators. WPA was repre-
sented by 350 persons, most of them from
the Pittsburgh vicinity. Acting as hosts
were forty local groups who sent repre-
sentatives to each session to spread the
glow of hospitality. A summary of each
of the five daily special sections was given
at the general sessions so that every dele-
gate had the opportunity to become fa-
miliar with the progress of the congress.

People and Things

IT'S not news when a national agency
reaches into the local field and plucks
personnel, but it is news when the reach-
ing is reversed. So
it is news that with-
in the next few
weeks the Family
Welfare Associa-
t i o n of America
will lose Margaret
E. Rich, its assist-
ant general secre-
,tary and editor of
The Family, to the
Family Society of
Allegheny County,
Pittsburgh, Pa. Miss Rich has been
with the FWAA for nineteen years dur-
ing which, as organizer, teacher and edi-
tor, she has made a notable contribution
not only to the association but to the
whole field of family work. As general
secretary of the Pittsburgh society her
leadership will not be lost.

The FWAA has sustained another
loss, though this one only temporary and
due to its own generosity, through the
loan for a year of Sara A. Brown to
organize and direct the new graduate
school of social work at Washington
State College, Pullman, Wash. Miss
Brown has been a regional secretary with
the association for a dozen years or so,
latterly in the Mississippi-Rocky Moun-
tain region.

Along with its prize catch of Miss
Rich the Pittsburgh society has acquired
four other new members of its staff:
Isabel Stamm, formerly a supervisor
with the Indiana County Department of
Public Assistance; Eloise Blinn, recently

359




MARGARET RICH



with the Family Welfare Association of
Baltimore; Lois Gray, fresh from gradu-
ate work at the University of Chicago,
and Sara Harris from the University of
Pittsburgh.

Merged First director of the unified
Red Cross Nursing Service is Mary
Beard, former associate director of the
international health division of the Rock-
efeller Foundation. The merger com-
prises the former Nursing Service and
the Public Health Nursing and Home
Hygiene Service. Assisting Miss Beard is
Virginia Dunbar, lately assistant director
of the University of California school of
nursing.

Shit titles Pussy-wants-a-corner is be-
ing played with jobs in the children's
agencies. Henry R. Murphy has left the
position of executive secretary of the
Connecticut Children's Aid Society to
become superintendent of the Colored
Orphan Asylum at Riverdale, N. Y.
Walter P. Townsend, former field rep-
resentative for the Pennsylvania De-
partment of Assistance, has taken Mr.
Murphy's place. New superintendent of
the Illinois Children's Home and Aid So-
ciety in Chicago is Mabbett K. Reckord,
formerly national director of disaster re-
lief for the American Red Cross. The
society also has a new director of case
work, Margaret Mink, who came from
the Institute for Juvenile Research. The
U. S. Children's Bureau has added to
its staff as assistant director of the in-
dustrial division, Elizabeth Coleman, pre-
viously of the division of women in in-
dustry and minimum wage of the New
York State Department of Labor.

Educators New on the faculty of
McGill University is Dr. Frank G. Ped-
ley, erstwhile director of the Montreal
Financial Federation, warmly remem-
bered by many American social workers
as the secretary of the Canadian commit-
tee responsible in large measure for the
arrangements for the 1935 meeting of
the National Conference of Social Work,
held in Montreal.

Not a newcomer to the New York
School of Social Work, but now regu-
larly on the teaching staff of its child
welfare department, is Dorothy Hutch-
inson recently with the New York Chil-
dren's Aid Society. For the past few
years she has been with the school's field
work department. . . . Regina O'Con-
nell, recently on the faculty of the Loy-
ola University school of social work, and
before that associated with various agen-
cies in New England, has been named to
head the department of social service and
program planning of the Catholic Youth
Organization of Chicago. . . . From the
University of Pittsburgh to Boston Uni-
versity goes Esther H. Powell to develop
the case work program of the school of
social work.



The National Education Association is
lending a share of the time and talent of
its executive secretary, Willard E. Giv-
ens, to the Research Council on Problems
of Alcohol, established under the auspices
of the American Association for the Ad-
vancement of Science. Mr. Givens is
chairman of the council's committee on
education. . . . Kenneth M. Wilson, for
several years past the director of seal
sales for the New York Tuberculosis
and Health Association, has resigned to
become assistant to the president of Ho-
bart College, Geneva, N. Y.

Prof. Charles Hubbard Judd, who re-
cently retired as chairman of the depart-
ment of education of the University of
Chicago, has gone back to harness as di-
rector of education of the National
Youth Administration. In his new post
he will formulate an educational program
for some 200,000 out-of-school young
people now employed on NYA projects.

Public Service Douglas H. Mac-
Neil is the new executive director of the
New Jersey Juvenile Delinquency Com-
mission succeeding Winthrop D. Lane.
Mr. MacNeil is a research worker and
writer, his most recent publication a study
of unemployment relief in New Jersey
made for the committee on social securi-
ty of the Social Science Research Coun-
cil. . . . Anne E. Geddes has been ap-
pointed director of the division of public
assistance research of the Social Security
Board succeeding Helen R. Jeter, now
director of the research bureau of the
Welfare Council of New York City.

The U. S. Public Health Service's
newly created position of executive officer
has been filled by Dr. Warren F. Dra-
per, assistant surgeon general, formerly
chief of the division of personnel and
accounts. In Dr. Draper's recent shoes
is Senior Surgeon Paul M. Stewart, for-
mer medical director of the U. S. Em-
ployes' Compensation Commission. . . .
Edgar M. Gerlach, long identified with
the social service and probation work of
the U. S. Bureau of Prisons, has been
transferred to New York as warden of
the U. S. Detention Headquarters.

AASW Changes Interesting to so-
cial workers far and near is the word
that Grace F. Marcus, who resigned last
summer after ten years as case consul-
tant in the New York Charity Organi-
zation Society, has joined the staff of
the American Association of Social
Workers as assistant executive secretary.
Says The Compass of the new AASW
acquisition: "Miss Marcus will bring in-
to active full time service of the asso-
ciation her lively and well developed
interest in the problems which social
work faces in attaining professional ade-
quacy and influence. Her concern for or-
ganizing the content of the special knowl-
edge of social work, and her interest in



the mobilization of its experience paral-
lel closely the association's field of work.
These assets will be useful in anchoring
the program more securely to the inter-
ests of those involved in the daily prac-
tice of social work. These are assets
which should make the national staff
more effective as a channel to be used by
the membership in dealing with the prob-
lems of selection and professional educa-
tion of social work personnel, and in giv-
ing the practice of social work a more
influential voice in social policy."

Christine Robb Thompson, who re-
signed from the AASW staff a year or so
ago, has returned as a part-timer.

Echo Answers ? ? ? Long iden-
tified with social work in Florida, Emeth
Tuttle Cochran has deserted the ever-
glades and palmettos and has betaken
herself to Chapel Hill, N. C., where she
is doing case work supervision with the
Department of Public Welfare and tak-
ing a course in research with Prof.
Howard Odum and Co. "I am trying to
find out," she says, "if anyone knows
where we are headed and what for. Are
we going to continue to need case work-
ers? Will the public make appropriations
large enough to employ case workers, or
will we have social investigators for so-
cial security programs?"

Yes, Dr. Neal The Ohio Welfare
Conference, at its recent meeting in Co-
lumbus, elected as its president Dr.
Charles A. Neal of Cincinnati, thus of-
fering an answer of sorts to Dr. Neat's
question, Am I a Social Worker? pro-
pounded in a letter to Miss Bailey in
Survey Midmonthly, September 1938, and
commented on by readers in this issue.
[See page 361.] The next meeting of the
Ohio conference will be in Dayton.

Glad Department From Chicago
comes word that Helen Cody Baker, of
the Council of Social Agencies and a con-
tributing editor of Survey Midmonthly
and Survey Graphic, has been invited by
the Chicago Daily News to do a fort-
nightly column of comment on the socia
welfare scene in the city. P.S. She took
the job.

Outstanding service to Negro nursing
has brought the Mary Mahoney Award
to Carrie E. Bullock, supervisor of the
Dearborn Station of the Chicago Visit-
ing Nurse Association. The award was
presented by the National Association of
Colored Graduate Nurses.

Romance blew into the office of the
National Conference of Social Work this
fall when Harold P. Levy, director of
conference publicity, was married to
Alice Klund, former secretary of the
Columbus, O. League of Women Voters.

Research in tuberculosis has won the
Trudeau Medal for Dr. Florence B.
Seibert of the Henry Phipps Institute,
Philadelphia.



360



SURVEY MIDMONTHLY



Readers Write






Four Pros and a Con

To THE EDITOR: I have just had a
chance to go over your excellent article
on the old age reserve. [See Old Age
Reserve by Brulah Amidon, Survey Mut-
monthly, September 1938, page 283.] I
feel that you are doing a fine public serv-
ice in publishing such an intelligent and
readable analysis of this important prob-
lem. The press has garbled the facts
so seriously that it is highly important
for those interested in a constructive old
age insurance program to help in public
education. J. DOUGLAS BROWN

Princeton University

To THE EDITOR: I intended to write
you before this, relative to your article
on the old age reserve. It is the most
thoughtful and informative article that
I have seen written in language that non-
technical persons can understand. My
congratulations to you and to Survey
.Mitlmonthly.

A. J. ALTMEYER

Chairman, Social Security Board
Washington, D. C.

To THE EDITOR: I have just finished
reading your article on the old age re-
serve. It is, in my opinion, such a fair
and intelligent statement of the problem
that I am talcing the liberty of congrat-
ulating you upon it. The whole question
of the old age reserve has been fraught
with so much misunderstanding that such
an understandable statement as you have
presented is a very helpful contribution.
JOHN J. CORSON
Social Security Board
H'ashington, D. C.

To THE EDITOR: Your Old Age Re-
serve is a good job.

MERLE D. VINCENT

H'ashington, D. C.

To THE EDITOR: I read the article Old
Age Reserve with care and interest, but
with the feeling that you have not really
analyzed the problem correctly.

I have long urged a different disposi-
tion of the so-called reserves, if they are
to be continued. Instead of investing
them in United States securities, which
means that they can be used for any pur-
pose whatsoever which Congress author-
izes, I believe they should be invested in
housing bonds, guaranteed as to both
principal and interest, by the United
States government. This would give the
reserves not only the same security as
before but the additional security of
whatever housing is erected through their
use. In other words, the generation which



has to meet the heavily increased pay-
ments will have on hand not merely
bonds for which that same generation
must provide but instead, housing en-
terprises erected by the preceding gen-
eration, the rentals from which can eas-
ily be made to produce the sums needed
to meet the payments which the reserves
were set up to protect. Such use of the
reserves honestly does what the act now



Online LibrarySurvey AssociatesSurvey midmonthly : journal of social work (Volume 74) → online text (page 97 of 109)