ments, furniture, appliances and modes of training. Public schools, graded
schools, buildings and grounds, equipments, courses of study, methods of
instruction, text books, apparatus, including maps, charts, globes, etc.; pu-
pils' work, including drawing and penmanship ; provisions for physical
training. ā Class 301. Higher education; academies and high schools;
colleges and universities ; buildings and grounds, libraries, museums of
zoology, botany, mineralogy, art and archaeology, apparatus for illustration
and research, mathematical, physical, chemical and astronomical courses
of study, text books, catalogues, libraries and gymnasiums. ā Class 302.
Professional schools, theology, law, medicine and surgery, dentistry, phar-
macy, mining, engineering, agriculture and mechanical arts, art and design,
military schools, naval schools, normal schools, commercial schools, music.
Buildings, text books, libraries, apparatus, methods and other accessories
for professional schools. ā Class 303. Institutions for instruction of the
blind, deaf and dumb, and the feeble-minded. ā Class 304. Education re-
ports and statistics. National bureau of education. State, city and town
systems. College, university and professional systems. ā Class 305. Libra-
ries, history, reports, statistics and catalogues. ā Class 306. School and text
books, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, gazetteers, directories, index volumes,
bibliographies, catalogues, almanacs, special treatises, general and miscella-
neous literature, newspapers, technical and special newspapers and journals,
illustrated papers, periodical literature.
Institutions and Organizations. ā Class 310. Institutions
founded for the increase and diffusion of knowledge, such as the Smithso-
nian Institution, the Koyal Institution, the Institute of France, British
Association lor the Advancement of Science, and the American Associa-
tion, etc., their organization, history and results. ā Class 311. Learned and
scientific associations ; geological and mineralogical societies, etc. ; engi-
SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION. 859
neering, technical and professional associations ; Artistic, biological, zoolog-
ical, medical schools, astronomical observatories. ā Class 312. Museums,
collections, art galleries, exhibitions of works of art and industry. Agri-
cultural fairs, State and county exhibitions, national exhibitions, interna-
tional exhibitions. Scientific museums and art museums. Ethnological
and archaeological collections. ā Class 313. Music and the drama.
Scientific and Philosophical Instruments and Meth-
ods. ā Class 320. Instruments of precision, and apparatus of physical
research, experiment and illustration. Astronomical instruments and ac-
cessories used in observatories. Transits, mural circles, equatorials, colli-
mators. Geodetic and surveying instruments, transits, theodolites, needle
compasses ; instruments for surveying underground in mines, tunnels and
excavations. Nautical astronomical instruments ; sextants, quadrants,
repeating circles, dip-sectors. Levelling instruments and apparatus ; car-
penters' and builders' levels, hand levels, water levels, engineers' levels.
Instruments for deep-sea sounding and hydrographic surveying. Meteor-
ological instruments and apparatus. Thermometers, pyrometers, barom-
eters, hygrometers and rain gauges, maps, bulletins, blanks for reports,
methods of recording, reducing and reporting observations. ā Class 321.
Indicating and registering apparatus other than meteorological, mechani-
cal calculation. Viameters, pedometers, perambulators. Gas meters.
Water meters, current meters, ships' logs, electrical logs. Tide registers.
Apparatus for printing consecutive numbers. Counting machines, calcu-
lating engines, arithmometers. ā Class 322. Weights, measures, weighing
and metrological apparatus. Measures of length ; graduated scales on
wood, metal, ivory, tape or ribbon, steel tapes, chains, rods, verniers, rods
and graduated scales for measuring lumber, goods in packages, casks, etc.,
gaugers' tools and methods. Measures of capacity for solids and liquids.
Weights ; scales and graduated beams for weighing, assay balances, chem-
ical balances. Ordinary scales for heavy weights ; weighing locomotives
and trains of cars ; postal balances ; hydrometers, alcoometers, lacto-
meters, etc. ; gravimeters. ā Class 323. Chronometric apparatus ; chro-
nometers, astronomical clocks, church and metropolitan clocks, ordinary
commercial clocks, pendulum and spring clocks, marine clocks, watches,
clepsydras, hour-glasses, sun-dials ; chronographs, electrical clocks ; metro-
nomes. ā Class 324. Optical and thermotic instruments and apparatus.
Mirrors, plane and spherical. Lenses and prisms. Spectacles and eye-
glasses, field- and opera-glasses, graphoscopes and stereoscopes. Cameras
and photographic apparatus. Microscopes; telescopes. Apparatus for
artificial illumination, including electric, oxyhydrogen and magnesium
light. Stereopticons. Photometric apparatus. Spectroscopes and acces-
sories for spectrum analysis. Polariscopes, etc. Thermotic apparatus. ā
Class 325. Electrical apparatus. Friction machines. Condensers and
860 r. s. centennial international exhibition.
miscellaneous apparatus to illustrate the discharge. Galvanic batteries
and accessories to illustrate dynamical electricity. Electro-magnetic ap-
paratus. Induction machines, Runikorff coils, etc. Magnets and mag-
neto-electrical apparatus. ā Class 326. Telegraphic instruments and
methods. Batteries and forms of apparatus used in generating the elec-
trical currents for telegraphic purposes. Conductors and insulators, and
methods of support, marine telegraph cables. Apparatus of transmission ;
keys, office accessories and apparatus. Receiving instruments, relay mag-
nets, local circuits. Semaphoric and recording instruments. Codes, signs
or signals. Printing telegraphs for special uses. Electrographs. Dial
or cadran systems. Apparatus for automatic transmission. ā Class 327.
Musical instruments and acoustic apparatus. Percussion instruments,
drums, tamborines, cymbals, triangles. Pianos. Stringed instruments
other than pianos. Automatic musical instruments, music-boxes. "Wind
instruments of metal and of wood. Harmoniums. Church organs and
similar instruments. Speaking machines. Vocal music.
Engineering, Architecture, Charts, Maps and Graphic
Representations.ā (For Agricultural Engineering, see Class 680; for
Mining Engineering, see Class 120.) Class 330. Civil engineering; land
surveying, public lands, etc.; river, harbor and coast surveying; construc-
tion and maintenance of roads, streets, pavements, etc. ; surveys and loca-
tion of towns and cities, with systems of water supply and drainage ;
arched bridges of metal, stone, brick or beton ; trussed girder bridges;
suspension bridges ; canals, aqueducts, reservoirs, construction of dams ;
hydraulic engineering and means of arresting and controlling the flow of
water. Submarine constructions, foundations, piers, docks, etc. ā Class 331.
Dynamic and industrial engineering ; construction and working of ma-
chines; examples of planning and construction of manufacturing and
metallurgical establishments. ā Class 332. Railway engineering; location
of railways, and the construction and management of railways. ā Class
333. Military engineering. ā Class 334. Naval engineering. ā Class 335.
Topograpical maps ; marine and coast charts. Geological maps and sec-
tions. Botanical, agronomical and other maps, showing the extent and
distribution of men, animals and terrestrial products; physical maps.
Meteorological maps and bulletins; telegraphic routes and stations; rail-
way and route maps; terrestrial and celestial globes; relief maps and
models of portions of the earth's surface; profiles of ocean beds and
routes of submarine cables.
Physical, Social and Moral Condition of Man. ā Class
340. Physical development and condition. The nursery and its accessories.
Gymnasiums, games and manly sports; skating, walking, climbing, ball-
playing, acrobatic exercises, rowing, hunting, etc. ā Class 341. Alimenta-
tion; markets, preparation and distribution of food. ā C/axs 342. The
SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION. 861
dwelling ; sanitary conditions and regulations ; domestic architecture.
Dwellings characterized by cheapness, combined with the conditions essen-
tial to health and comfort. Fireproof structures. Hotels, club-houses,
etc. Public baths. ā Class 343. Commercial systems and appliances. Mer-
cantile forms and methods, countiug-houses and offices. Banks and bank-
ing. Saving and trust institutions. Insurance, fire, marine, life, etc.
Commercial organizations, boards of trade, merchants, produce and stock
exchanges. Corporations for commercial and manufacturing purposes.
Railway and other transportation companies. Building and loan associa-
tions. ā Class 344. Money. ā Mints and coining. Collections of current
coins. Historical collections. Tokens, etc. Bank notes and other paper
circulating mediums. Commercial paper, bills of exchange, etc. Securi-
ties for payment of money, stocks, bonds, mortgages, ground rents, quit
rents. Precautions against counterfeiting and misappropriation of money.
ā Class 345. Government and law. ā Various systems of government. De-
partments of government; revenue and taxatiou, military organization,
executive powers, legislative forms and authority, judicial functions and
systems, police regulations, government charities. International relations;
international law ; diplomatic and consular service, etc., allegiance and
citizenship ; naturalization. Codes. Municipal government. Protection
of property in inventions. Postal system and appliances. Punishment
of crime. Prisons and prison management and discipline, police stations,
houses of correction, reform schools, naval or marine discipline, punish-
ment at sea. ā Class 346. Benevolence. ā General hospitals. Special hos-
pitals for the eye and ear, for women, etc. Hospitals for contagious and
infectious diseases. Hospitals for the insane, under State control, and pri-
vate asylums. Quarantine systems and organizations. Sanitary regula-
tions of cities. Dispensaries. Inebriate asylums. Lying-in asylums.
Magdalen asylums. Asylums for infants and children. Foundling and
orphan asylums, children's aid societies. Homes for the aged and infirm,
homes for aged men and women, soldiers' homes, homes for the maimed
and deformed, sailors' homes. Treatment of paupers. Almshouses,' feed-
ing the poor, lodging houses. Emigrant aid societies. Treatment of abo-
rigines. Prevention of cruelty to animals. ā Class 347. Co-operative asso-
ciations. Political societies and organizations. Military organizations
and orders. Trade unions and associations. Industrial organizations.
Secret orders and fraternities. ā Class 348. Religious organizations and
systems ; origin, nature, growth and extent of various religious systems
and faiths ; statistical, historical and other facts. Religious orders and
societies and their objects. Societies and organizations for the propagation
of systems of religion by missionary effort. Spreading the knowledge of
religious systems by publications. Bible societies, tract societies, colport-
age. Systems and methods of religious instruction and training for the
862 U. S. CENTENNIAL INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION.
young. Sunday-schools, furniture and apparatus. Associations for relig-
ious or moral improvement. Dispensing charities, church guilds. ā Class
349. Art and industrial exhibitions; agricultural fairs, State and county
exhibitions, national exhibitions, international exhibitions, international
DEPARTMENT IV.ā ART.
Sculpture. ā Class 400. Figures and groups in stone, metal, clay or
plaster. ā Class 401. Bas-reliefs in stone or natal; electrotype copies. ā
Class 402. Medals, pressed and engraved; electrotypes of medals. ā Class
403. Hammered and wrought work, repousse and rehausse work, embossed
and engraved relief work. ā Class 404. Cameos, intaglios, engraved stones,
dies, seals, etc. ā Class 405. Carvings in wood, ivory and metal.
Painting. ā Class 410. Paintings in oil on canvas, panels, etc. ā Class
411. Water-color pictures, aquarelles, miniatures, etc. ā Class 412. Fres-
coes, cartoons for frescoes, etc. ā Class 413. Painting with verifiable colors.
Pictures on porcelain, enamel and metal.
Engraving and Lithography. ā Class 420. Drawings with
pen, pencil or crayons. ā Class 421. Line engravings from steel, copper or
stone. ā Class 422. Wood engravings. ā Class 423. Lithographs, zinco-
grapbs, etc. ā Class 424. Chromo-lithographs.
Photography. ā Class 430. ā Photographs on paper, metal, glass,
wood, fabrics or enamel surfaces. ā Class 431. Prints from photo-relief
plates, carbon-prints, etc. ā Class 432. Photo-lithographs, etc.
Industrial and Architectural Designs, Models and
Decorations. ā Class 440. Industrial designs. ā Class 441. Architec-
tural designs ; studies and fragments, representations and projects of edi-
fices, restorations from ruins and from documents. ā Class 442. Decoration
of interiors of buildings. ā Class 443. Artistic hardware and trimmings,
artistic eastings, forged metal work for decoration, etc.
Decoration with Ceramic and Vitreous Materials;
Mosaic and Inlaid Work. ā Class 450. Mosaic and inlaid work in
stone. ā Class 451. Mosaic and inlaid work in tiles, tessara?, glass, etc. ā
Class 452. Inlaid work in wood and metal, parquetry, inlaid floors, tables,
etc.ā Class 453. Stained glass. ā Class 454. Miscellaneous objects of art,
DEPARTMENT V.ā M ACH 1 NERY.
Machines, Tools and Apparatus of Mining, Metal-
lurgy, Chemistry and the Extractive Arts. ā Class 500.
Rock drilling. ā Class 501. Well and shaft boring. ā Class 502. Machines,
apparatus and implements for coal cutting. ā ( 'la.** 503. Hoisting machi-
nery and accessories. ā Class 504. Pumping, draining and ventilating. ā
Class 505. Crushing, grinding, sorting and dressing; breakers, stamps,
mills, pans, screens, sieves, jigs, concentrators. ā Class 506. Furnaces, smelt-
SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION. 863
iug apparatus and accessories. ā Class 507. Machinery used in Bessemer
process. ā Class 508. Chemical manufacturing machiuery. Electroplating.
ā Class 509. Gas machinery and apparatus.
Machines and Tools for Working Metal, Wood and
Stone. ā Class 510. Planing, sawing, veneering, grooving, mortising,
tonguing, cutting, moulding, stamping, carving and cask-making machines,
etc., cork-cutting machines. ā Class 511. Direct acting steam sawing ma-
chines with gang saws. ā Class 512. Rolling mills, bloom squeezers, blowing
fans. ā Class 513. Furnaces and apparatus for casting metals, with speci-
mens of work. ā Class 514. Steam-, trip- and other hammers, with specimens
of work, anvils, forges. ā Class 515. Planing, drilling, slotting, turning,
shaping, punching, stamping and cutting machines. Wheel cutting and
dividing machines, emery wheels, drills, taps, gauges, dies, etc. ā Class 516.
Stone-sawing and planing machines, dressing, shaping and polishing, sand
blasts, Tilghman's machines, glass-grinding machines, etc. ā Class 517. Brick,
pottery and tile machines. Machines for making artificial stone. ā Class
518. Furnaces, moulds, blow-pipes, etc., for making glass and glass-ware.
Machines and Implements of Spinning-, Weaving-,
Felting and Paper-Making. ā Class 520. Machines for the man-
ufacture of silk goods. ā Class 521. Machines for the manufacture of cot-
ton goods. ā Class 522. Machines for the manufacture of woollen goods. ā
Class 523. Machines for the manufacture of linen goods. ā Class 524. Ma-
chines for the manufacture of rope and twine, and miscellaneous fibrous
materials. ā Class 525. Machines for the manufacture of paper, and felting.
ā Class 526. Machines for the manufacture of India-rubber goods. ā Class
527. Machines for the manufacture of mixed fabrics.
Machines, Apparatus and Implements vised in Sew-
ing and Making Clothing and Ornamental Objects. ā
ā Class 530. Machines used in the manufacture of tapestry, including car-
pets, lace, floor-cloth, fancy embroidery, etc. ā Class 531. Sewing and knit-
ting machines, clothes-making machines. ā Class 532. Machines for pre-
paring and working leather. ā Class 533. Machines for making boots and
shoes. ā Class 534. Machines for ironing, drying and scouring. ā Class 535.
Machines for making clocks and watches. ā Class 536. Machines for mak-
ing jewelry. ā Class 537. Machines for making buttons, pins, needles, etc.
Machines and Apparatus for Type-setting, Printing,
Stamping, Embossing, and for Making Books and
Paper- working. ā Class 540. Printing presses. ā Class 541. Type-
casting machines, apparatus of stereotyping. ā Class 542. Types and type-
setting machines, type-writing machines. ā Class 543. Printers' furniture.
ā Class 544. Book-binding machines. ā Class 545. Paper-folding machines.
ā Class 546. Paper- and card-cutting machines. ā Class 547. Euvelope
864 U. S. CENTENNIAL INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION.
Motors and Apparatus for the .Generation and
Transmission Of Power. ā Class 550. Boilers and all steam- or
gas-generating apparatus for motive purposes. ā Class 551. Water-wheels,
water-engines, hydraulic rams, wind-mills. ā Class 552. Steam-, air- or gas-
engines, electro-magnetic engines. ā Class 553. Apparatus for the trans-
mission of power, shafting, belting, cables, transmission of power by com-
pressed air, etc., gearing, cables. ā Class 554. Screw-propellers, wheels for
the propulsion of vessels, and other motors. ā Class 555. Implements and
apparatus used in connection with motors, steam gauges, manometers, etc.
Hydraulic and Pneumatic Apparatus, Pumping,
Hoisting and Lifting. ā Class 500. Pumps and apparatus for lifting
and moving liquids. ā Class 561. Pumps and apparatus for moving and
compressing air or gas. ā Class 562. Pumps and blowing engines, blowers
and ventilating apparatus. ā Class 563. Hydraulic jacks, presses, elevators,
lifts, meters, cranes. ā Class 564. Fire engines, hand, steam or chemical,
and fire-extinguishing apparatus, hose, ladders, fire-escapes, etc. ā Class
565. Beer engines, soda-water machines, bottling apparatus, corking ma-
chines. ā Class 566. Stop-valves, cocks, pipes, etc. ā Class 567. Diving
apparatus and machinery. ā Class 568. Ice machines.
Railway Plant, Boiling Stock and Apparatus. ā Class
570. Locomotives, models, drawings, plans, etc. ā Class 571. Carriages,
wagons, trucks, cars, etc. ā Class 572. Brakes, buffers, couplings and snow-
ploughs. ā Class 573. Wheels, tires, axles, bearings, springs, etc. ā Class
574. Permanent ways, ties, chairs, switches, etc. ā Class 575. Station ar-
rangements, signals, water-cranes, turn-tables. ā Class 576. Miscellaneous
locomotive attachments. ā Class 577. Street railways and ears.
Machines used in Preparing Agricultural Products.
ā Class 580. Flour mills. ā Class 581. Sugar-refining machines. ā Class
582. Confectioners' machinery. ā Class 583. Oil-making machinery. ā Class
584. Tobacco-manufacturing machines. ā Class 585. Mills for spices, coffee,
Aerial, Pneumatic and Water Transportation. ā Class
590. Suspended-cable railways. ā Class 591. Transporting cables. ā Class
592. Balloons, living-machines, etc. ā Class 593. Pneumatic railways, pneu-
matic despatch. ā Class 594. Boats and sailing vessels : sailing vessels used
in commerce, -ailing vessels used in war; yachts and pleasure-boats ; row-
ing boats of all kinds ; life-boats and salvage apparatus, with life-rafts,
belts, etc.; submarine armor, diving-bells, etc.; ice boats.ā l'hts.< ">!)5.
Steamships, steamboats and all vessels propelled by steam. ā Class 51>6.
\'< ssels for carrying telegraph cables and railway trains, also coal barges,
water boats and dredging machines, screw- and floating-docks, and for
other special purposes. ā Class 597. Steam capstans, windlass, deck-winches
and steering apparatus, Ian-.
SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION. 865
Machinery and Apparatus Especially Adapted to the
Requirements of the Exhibition. ā Boilers, engines, cranes,
DEPARTMENT VI.ā AGRICULTURE.
Arboriculture and Forest Products.ā Class 600. Timber
and trunks of trees, entire or in transverse or truncated sections, with
specimens of barks, leaves, flowers, seed vessels and seed. Masts, spars,
knees, longitudinal sections of trees, railway ties, ship timber, lumber
roughly sawn, as planks, shingles, laths and staves. Timber and lumber
prepared in various ways to resist decay and combustion ; as by injection
of salts of copper and zinc. ā Class 601. Ornamental woods used in decor-
ating and for furniture, as veneers of mahogany, rosewood, ebony, walnut,
maple and Madrona. ā Class 602. Dye-woods, barks and galls for coloring
and tanning. ā Class 603. Gums, resins, caoutchouc, gutta percha, vegeta-
ble wax. ā Class 604. Lichens, mosses, fungi, pulu, ferns. ā Class 605.
Seeds, nuts, etc., for food and ornamental purposes. ā Class 606. ā Forestry.
ā Illustrations of the art of planting, managing and protecting forests;
Pomology. ā Class 610. Fruits of temperate and semi-tropical re-
gions, as apples, pears, quinces, peaches, nectarines, apricots, plums, grapes,
cherries, strawberries and melons. ā Class 611. Tropical fruits and nuts,
oranges, bananas, plantains, lemons, pine-apples, pomegranates, figs, cocoa-
Agricultural Products. ā Class 620. Cereals, grasses and forage
plants. ā Class 621. Leguminous plants and esculent vegetables. ā Class
622. Roots and tubers. ā Class 623. Tobacco, hops, tea, coffee and spices.
ā Class 624. Seeds and seed vessels.
Land Animals.ā Class 630. Horses, asses, mules. ā Class 631.
Horned cattle. ā Class 632. Sheep. ā Class 633. Goats, alpaca, llama,
camel. ā Class 634. Swine. ā Class 635. Poultry and birds. ā Class 636.
Dogs and cats. ā Class 637. Wild animals. ā Class 638. Insects, useful and
injurious; honey bees, cochineal, silkworms.
Marine Animals, Fish Culture and Apparatus.ā Class
640. ā Marine animals. ā Seals, cetaceans, etc., specimens living in aquaria,
or stuffed, salted, preserved in alcohol or otherwise. ā Class 641. Fishes,
living or preserved. ā Class 642. Pickled fish and parts of fish used for
food. ā Class 643. Crustaceans, echinoderms, beche de mer. ā Class 644.
Mollusks, oysters, clams, etc., used for food. ā Class 645. Shells, corals and
pearls. ā Class 646. Whalebone, shagreen, fish glue, isinglass, sounds, fish-
oil. ā Class 647. Instruments and apparatus of fishing, nets, baskets, hooks
and other apparatus used in catching fish. ā Class 648. ā Fish culture. ā
Aquaria, hatching pools, vessels for transporting roe and spawn, and other
apparatus used in breeding, culture or preservation.
866 U. S. CENTENNIAL INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION.
Animal and Vegetable Products. ā (Used as food or as mate-
rials.) ā Class 650. Sponges, sea-weed and other growths used for food or in
the arts. ā Class 651. The dairy.ā Milk, cream, butter, cheese. ā Class 652.
Hides, furs and leather, tallow, oil and lard, ivory, bone, horn, glue. ā
C lass 653. Eggs, feathers, down. ā Class 654. Honey and wax. ā Class 655.
Animal perfumes, as musk, civet, ambergris. ā Class 656. Preserved meats,
vegetables and fruits, dried or in cans or jars; meat and vegetable ex-
tracts. ā Class 657. Flour, crushed and ground cereals, decorticated grains.
ā C'A/.vn o'5,x. Starch and similar products. ā Class 659. Sugar and syrups.
ā Class 660. Wines, alochol and malt liquors. ā Class 661. Bread, biscuits,
crackers and cakes. ā Class 662. Vegetable oils.
Textile Substances of Vegetable or Animal Origin. ā
Class 665. Cotton on the stem, in the boll, ginned and baled. ā Class 666.
Hemp, flax, jute, ramie, etc., in primitive forms and in all stages of prep-
aration for spinning. ā Class 667. Wool in the fleece, carded and in bales.
ā Class 668. Silk in the cocoon and reeled. ā Class 669. Hair, bristles.
Machines, Implements and Processes of Manufac-
ture. ā Class 670. Tillage. ā Manual implements, spades, hoes, rakes.
Animal-power machinery, ploughs, cultivators, horse-hoes, clod-crushers,
rollers, harrows. Steam-power machinery, ploughs, breakers, harrows,