T. F. (Thomas Francis) Dale.

Polo past and present online

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in a scrimmage in the vicinity of goal.

(r) When a player, with the intention of hitting a back-
hander, comes in at an angle, on the line of the ball,
the umpire should see that he is entitled to possession,
under Rule 28 ; as if he is not entitled to possession of
the ball, and the player in possession of the ball has to
check to avoid a collision, it is a " cross."



APPENDIX 449

(</) In all doubtful cases of crossing, the pace at which both
players are moving must he carefully considered^ as on this
depends the question whether the player entitled to
possession has to check to avoid collision.

{/) The umpire should see that none of the attacking side
are within 30 yards of the back line, when the ball is
hit off from behind.

(/") The umpire should see that none of the players, who
have been sent behind their back line under Rule 17 (/"),
32 (//), or 33, when the ball is hit out, cross that line
before the ball.

{g) Each umpire should watch the position of the back and
No. I under his immediate observation, at the moment
the ball is hit, either in front of or behind these two
players, as this moment determines the question of
"offside."

STATION POLO

1. In every station where polo is regularly played the players
shall elect a committee from amongst the most experienced
polo players, to be called the " Station Polo Committee."

2. It is the duty of this Committee to regulate all matters in
the station connected with polo, and to see that the station games
are played in accordance with the rules. Ignorance of the rules
by young players tends to a great deal of the unfair and dangerous
riding often seen in station games, which it is the duty of the
Committee to stop.

3. The Committee will arrange for occasional " slow periods "
for unbroken ponies and beginners. No pony which is not
thoroughly broken, and no player who is a bad horseman, or
who does not know the rules of the game, should be allowed
to play in a " fast period."

4. An umpire must be appointed for matches of any sort.
But for ordinary station games, as it is generally impracticable

2 G



45°



POLO : PAST AND PRESENT



to provide an umpire, any two members of the Polo Committee
must interpret the rules, and settle any disputes that may occur.

5. The Committee will see that no player plays any portion
of a game without a polo helmet or lungi. But even this pre-
caution is useless, unless players themselves see that their helmets
are firmly secured under their chins with a strong strap, which
will not break or come off in a fall.



RULES FOR HEIGHT AND MEASUREMENT OF
POLO PONIES

1. The maximum height of polo ponies shall be fourteen
hands and one inch.

2. All ponies must be measured according to these Rules
before they can be played in a tournament, with exceptions : —

{a) Those holding Indian Polo Association life certificates,

(^) Those holding season Indian Polo Association certificates
which are in force on the date of playing.

(r) Those holding life certificates from the Calcutta or
Western India Turf Clubs of 1 3. 2 J (or under) up to
31st March 1899, of 14.1 (or under since that date).

(</) Those holding season certificates from the Calcutta or
Western India Turf Clubs of 14.1 or under, which are
still in force.

3. At tournaments held in places or on dates at which there
is no opportunity of obtaining an authorised measurer under
Rule 4, a local measurer will be appointed, with the sanction of
the Indian Polo Association Committee, to measure ponies, their
measurements being in force for that tournament only. Such
measurements will be carried out strictly in accordance with
these Rules ; no fee will be required for such measurements.

4. {a) A measuring for Indian Polo Association Certificates
will be sanctioned by the Indian Polo Association Committee at



APPENDIX



451



any place and on any date it may be required, provided the
services of a measurer selected by the Committee can be obtained.

(^) The Committee may refuse a measurement of less than
three ponies, unless the owner or owners are prepared to pay
veterinary officer's fees.

5. Applications for such a measuring should be made to the
Honorary Secretary, Indian Polo Association, if possible thirty
days before it is required. The probable number of ponies
which will be brought up for measurement should be stated in
the application.

6. All expenses incurred by the measurer in proceeding to a
place to measure ponies, veterinary officer's fees, and other
charges in connection with the measuring will be passed and
paid by the Honorary Secretary, Indian Polo Association.

7. When a "measuring" has been arranged and sanctioned,
a measuring standard and printed forms will be supplied to the
measurer by the Honorary Secretary, Indian Polo Association.

8. No person dissatisfied with a measurement can demand,
as a right, a fresh measurement ; but the official measurer may,
on application, re-measure a pony which has been measured by
him, if the application is made at once, and if he considers that
the measurement, from the fretfulness of the pony or other cause,
was not satisfactory.

When a re-measurement is allowed, the pony, if presented at
the time and place directed by the measurer, shall be again
measured on payment of the prescribed fee ; otherwise the
original measurement shall stand.

9. A measurer shall refuse to measure any pony that is known
to have previously been measured and declared over 14. i by a
measurer authorised to measure by the Indian Polo Association
Committee, or by an official measurer of the Calcutta or Western
India Turf Clubs.

A certificate granted to a pony which has been previously
measured will be cancelled.



452 POLO : PAST AND PRESENT

10. A pony shall not be measured if he appears to have
been subjected to any improper treatment with a view to reduce
his height, or if he is in an unfit state to be measured ; and he
shall not be aged or measured, if he is unnamed, or if all the
particulars required by the measurer for filling in the forms are
not furnished. If a pony is rejected on the ground that he has
been subjected to improper treatment, the measurer may order
that he shall not be again presented within a period of six
months.

1 1. The following fees shall be paid in advance, and shall be
remitted by the measurer to the Honorary Secretary, Indian
Polo Association. For every pony presented for measurement,
Rs.io. For the re-measurement of a pony, Rs.5,

A pony measured and passed for a Season Certificate will be
entitled to measurement free of charge for future measurements,
the fee paid for the first measuring entitling the pony to this
benefit.

12. A measurer, after entering up the description and ages of
the ponies before him on the form and in the columns prescribed,
shall measure them and pass them as polo ponies, provided they
are 14.1 (or under), certifying to the correctness of the measure-
ments by signing the form referred to.

13. No person shall take any part in ageing or measuring his
own pony, or a pony in which he has an interest.

14. The following rules shall be strictly observed in measur-
ing ponies : —

{a) The pony shall stand stripped on a perfectly level plat-
form.

(^) The head shall be so held that a line from the poll to
the wither would be parallel to the platform. The
forelegs from the point of the shoulder, and the hind-
legs from the back downwards shall be as perpendicular
to the platform and as parallel to each other as the
conformation of the pony allows.

(r) The wither may be shaved, but the mane must not be



APPENDIX 453

pulled down, or the skin of the neck or wither in any-
way interfered with.

(//) The pony shall be held by a person deputed by the
measurer, and shall not be touched by any one else with-
out his permission.

{e) The measurement shall be made at the highest point of
the wither, with a measuring rod of a pattern approved
of by the Indian Polo Association Committee.

(/) No allowances shall be made for shoes.

15. The measurer may direct that any pony which cannot
be properly measured within such time as he considers reason-
able, within a limit of five minutes, shall be brought up again.
In such case no additional fee shall be charged.

16. In ageing ponies a veterinary surgeon shall be consulted.
He shall be entitled to fees on the following scale : —

Rs.i6 for 12 ponies or less.
», 32 » 13 » to 24.
„ 48 „ 25 or more.

17. In the absence of a veterinary surgeon a reliable and
trustworthy native salutrie may be employed on the following
fees : —

Rs. 8 for 12 ponies or less.
„ 16 „ 13 to 24 ponies.
„ 24 „ 25 or more „

18. Ponies thus measured 14.1 or under, by a selected
measurer, shall be entitled to certificates. Certificates so granted
shall be life certificates, except in the case of ponies under six
years old, when the certificates will be available for the current
season only.

19. Any person may, on payment of a fee of R.i, obtain
from the Honorary Secretary, Indian Polo Association, a certified
extract of any entry in the Register of Ponies.



454 POLO : PAST AND PRESENT



AMERICA. UNITED STATES OF



THE POLO ASSOCIATION, NEW YORK



Committee.



H. L. HiRBERT, Chairman.
R. L. Agassiz.
Geo. J. Gould.



John C. Groome.
W. A. Hazard.
Thomas Hitchcock, jun.



Secretary and Treasurer.
W. A. Hazard, 29 Broadway, New York.

List of Affiliated Clubs,

Philadelphia.



Aiken.

Buffalo.

Bryn Mawr.

Camden Country Club.

Country Club of Westchester (of

Westchester, N.Y.).
Dedham.
Devon.

Great Neck Polo Club.
Jacksonville.
Lakewood.
Meadowbrook.
Morris County.
Myopia Hunt Club.
Onwentsia.



Point Judith.
Rockaway.
Romsen.

Saratoga Polo Club.
Somerset.
Southampton.
Squadron " A " Polo Club.
Staten Island.
St. Louis.

The Country Club, Brookline.
Washington.

Westchester Polo Club (of New-
port, R.I.).



AMERICAN POLO ASSOCIATION

1. The Polo Association shall consist of an Association of
Polo Clubs, each to be represented by one delegate who shall
out of their number elect at the annual meeting a committee of
nine, including the chairman, for the term of one year, from
the following localities : — Four from New York and vicinity,
two from Philadelphia and vicinity, two from New England,
and one from the West.

2. To have the entire control of all matters relating to the



APPENDIX 455

Polo Association, and shall be the authority for enforcing the
rules and deciding all questions relating thereto. They shall
have the power to appoint all officials for a term not exceeding
their own, and to make such changes in the rules and bye-laws
as they may consider necessary. The chairman of the Associa-
tion shall be a member of the committee ex officio.

3. Every club and its delegate up for election shall be
proposed and seconded in writing by two delegates, and the
election may take place at any meeting of the committee. The
election to be determined by ballot. One black ball in five to
exclude. When any club shall withdraw its delegate, his
successor shall be proposed, seconded, and voted for in like
manner.

4. Each club a member of the Association shall pay an
annual subscription of $65.00. All subscriptions shall become
due, and payable in advance, on ist May of each year. The
subscription remaining unpaid after 1st June is to be considered
as in arrear, and no club whose subscription is in arrear shall
enjoy any privileges of the Association nor take part in any
games with members in good standing.

5. The annual meeting of the Association shall be held on
the second Tuesday in April, at such place in New York City
as the committee may designate. The committee shall meet once
a month or oftener, from April to September inclusive. Three
members to constitute a quorum at the committee meetings.

6. In the absence of a club delegate the president or secretary
of such club may furnish a written proxy to be used at the
meeting for which it is named.

7. Minutes of the proceedings of every meeting shall be
taken during their progress by the secretary ; or, in case of his
absence, as the chairman shall direct, and be afterwards copied
into a minute book, to be kept for that purpose, and, after being
read at the next meeting, shall be signed by the chairman of
that meeting.

8. The order of business at the annual meeting shall be as
follows : —



456 POLO : PAST AND PRESENT

(i) The noting of the members present.

(2) Reading of minutes of last annual meeting, and of sub-
sequent special meetings.

(3) Reports of treasurer and other officers.

(4) Reports of special committees and consideration of any
resolutions attached thereto.

(5) Election of officers.

(6) Deferred business.

(7) New business.

The order of business may be suspended, on motion, by vote
of two-thirds of the members present.

9. In case the conduct of a delegate be considered injurious
to the character or interests of the Association, in the opinion
of any five members, who shall certify the same in writing to
the committee, a meeting of the committee shall be held to
consider the case.

If the member whose conduct is in question shall not explain
the same to the satisfaction of the committee, or if the committee
acting as judges shall be of the opinion that the member has
committed a breach of the rules of polo, or of the bye-laws, or
been guilty of conduct injurious to the interests of the Associa-
tion, which ought not to be condoned, they may call upon such
member to resign ; or shall request the club whose representative
he is to withdraw him, and nominate his successor for election,
and in event of their neglecting to do so, the committee shall
have power to expel him, and his club shall be erased from the
list of members ; provided, always, that such expulsion shall
only be by a majority of two-thirds, at a committee meeting
consisting of not less than five members.

In any case where the expulsion of a delegate is deemed
necessary, the decision of the committee shall be without appeal,
and the club so expelled shall have no remedy against the
committee.

10. A delegate may issue free tickets of admission to members
of the club he represents, good for one week at any club ground
during Association week there.



APPENDIX 457

RULES OF THE POLO ASSOCIATION

Ground.

1. The ground should be about 900 feet long by 450 feet
wide, with a ten-inch guard from end to end on the sides only.

Goal- Posts,

2. The goal-posts shall be 24 feet apart, at least 10 feet high,
and light enough to break if collided with.

Balls and Mallets.

3. The ball shall be of wood, with no other covering than
white paint, 3^ inches in diameter, and not exceeding 5 oz. in
weight. Mallets shall be such as are approved by the Com-
mittee.

Ponies.

4. The height of ponies shall not exceed 14.2.

Ponies aged five (5) years and upwards may be measured and
registered for life ; ponies under five (5) years may be registered
for the current season only. Any member of the Committee
may measure ponies not his own and issue certificates of registry.
He shall determine the age of the pony. The Committee may
by vote appoint one or more official measurers, who shall have
all the powers hereby given the Committee in respect to the
measurement of ponies and the issue of certificates.

Periods,

5. {a) In match games between pairs there shall be two
periods of fifteen (15) minutes' each actual play.

{b) In match games between teams of three (3) there shall
be three (3) periods of fifteen (15) minutes' each actual play.

Under {a) and {b) two (2) minutes shall be allowed after
each goal, and intervals of five (5) minutes between periods,
unless otherwise agreed.

(f) In match games between teams of four (4), there shall be
four (4) periods of fifteen minutes' each actual play. Two (2)
minutes shall be allowed after each goal, and intervals of seven
(7) minutes between periods, unless otherwise agreed.



458 POLO : PAST AND PRESENT

Under {a), (^), and (f), time between goals and delays shall not

be counted as actual play.

Eligibility.

6. A member of a club which is a member of the Polo
Association shall not play any match games with or against any
club which is not a member of the Association, nor shall any
player play on the team of any club of which he is not a
member, except on written consent of the Committee, and the
approval of the captains of the teams entered.

7. A player shall be handicapped with but one club at a
time.

8. A player shall not play for the same prize on more than
one team or pair.

Any player in his first tournament events shall be handicapped
at not less than two goals, and shall so continue until changed by
the Committee.

Entries.

9. Entries for tournament events shall be made in writing,
naming the probable players and substitutes, and be accompanied
by an entrance fee of ten (10) dollars for each player, which is
to be returned if the team plays, otherwise it is forfeited to the
Association. Entries absolutely close on the day announced.
No conditional entries shall be received.

The entrance fee for Championship events shall be one
hundred (100) dollars for each team.

Drawings,

10. The drawings for all tournaments shall be made under
the Bagnell-Wilde system. (This consists of playing a pre-
liminary round to reduce the number of contesting teams to
two, four, eight, or sixteen, thus eliminating the bye at once,
and putting all contestants on the same footing.)

Uniform,

11. Captains shall not allow members of their teams to
appear in the game otherwise than in club uniform.

Colours,

12. The Polo Association colours are white and dark blue.



APPENDIX . 459

Championship.

13. {a) There shall be a Senior and a Junior Championship
tournament, the latter immediately preceding the former.
The Senior Championship shall be open to teams without
limit of handicap. The Junior Championship shall be
open to teams whose aggregate handicap does not exceed
twenty (20) goals, but this limit is simply to define the
class, and all games in both classes shall be played with-
out handicap.

No player with a higher handicap than five (5) goals
on 15th May shall compete in the Junior Champion-
ship.

The handicap governing eligibility to Junior Champion-
ship teams shall be that in force 15 th May of the year in
which the Championship events take place.

{b) The winner of the Junior Championship events shall
have the privilege of making a post-entry for the Senior
Championship events.

(f) Except as provided in Section b paragraph, a player
shall not be allowed to play in both classes.

{d) In both classes, the Championship may be won by
default, but in such case no individual trophies shall be
added.

{e) Any club which may enter a team or teams for the
Championship or Junior Championship of the Polo
Association Clubs, shall nominate only players directly
identified with such club, and the Committee shall be
notified of the names of the players composing each team
not less than ten days preceding the closing of entries.
The Committee shall then decide with which club any
player is eligible to compete for the Championship
events.

Entries for the Club Championship to close 20
days preceding the first event ; Entries for the Junior
Championship to close five days later than for the
Club Championship.



46o POLO : PAST AND PRESENT



FIELD RULES

Field Captain.

1. There shall be a field captain for each team who shall
have the direction of positions and plays of his men. He shall
have the sole right to discuss with the Referee questions arising
during the game, and to enter protests with the Referee, pro-
vided that a player fouled may claim the foul. Other players
shall testify only when requested by the Referee.

Referee.

2. The two captains shall agree upon a Referee, whose
decision shall be final in regard to all questions of actual play,
but as regards eligibility of players, handicaps, and interpretations
of General Rules, an appeal may be made by either captain to
the Committee, whose decision shall be final.

Disqualification of Ponies.

3. Any pony may be protested on the field under General
Rule 4 (if possible, before play begins), by the field captain of
the side against which the pony is offered to be played. Unless
a certificate of registry under said Rule 4 is then produced, the
Referee shall forthwith measure the pony and decide the protest.
If sustained, the pony shall be ruled off the field for the match.

The Referee shall exclude from the game any dangerous or
vicious pony.

Timer and Scorer.

4. The two captains shall agree upon a timer and a scorer
who shall perform their duties under the direction of the
Referee.

Goal fudges.

5. The home captain shall appoint two goal judges, accept-
able to the visiting captain, each of whom shall give testimony
to the Referee, at the latter's request, in respect to goals and
other plays near his goal, but the Referee shall make all
decisions.



APPENDIX 461

Substitute.

6. Each team should have a substitute in readiness to play in
case of accident or disqualification.

Clear Field.

7. Only players and referee shall be allowed upon the ground
during the progress of the game.

Choice of Ends.

8. The choice of ends shall be determined by the toss of a
coin between the field captains.

Change of Ends.

9. Ends shall be changed after every goal.

Throw In.

10. The game begins when the ball is thrown in by the
Referee between the contestants who shall each be on his own
side of the middle line.

11. After an interval, the Referee shall throw in the ball
when the proper signal is given by the timer, whether all the
players are lined up or not.

Goal.

12. A goal is made when the ball goes over and clear of the
line between the goal-posts, or above the top of the goal-posts
between centre lines.

Safety.

13. Whenever a player, either accidentally or intentionally,
gives the ball an impetus with his mallet which carries the ball
over the goal line he is defending and it touches nothing except
the goal-post or the ground after leaving his mallet it shall be
deemed a safety.

Score.

14. {a) A goal counts one.

{b) A safety counts minus one-quarter.
(c) A foul counts minus one-half.

The side wins which is credited with the largest score at the
end of the match.



462 POLO : PAST AND PRESENT

lime Limit.

15. When the time limit of any period (except the last) ex-
pires, the signal shall be given, but the game shall continue
until the ball goes out of bounds or a goal is made. Such over-
time in any period shall be deducted from the playing time
of the succeeding period. When the time limit for the last
period is reached, the signal shall be given and the game shall
then cease with the ball in its position at the moment of the
signal.

16. If a goal is made when any fraction of time remains to
be played the game shall continue.

17. When the ball is out of bounds, and the limit of time
expires before it is put in play, the period ends.

Tie.

18. In event of a tie at the end of the last period, the game
shall continue (after the usual interval between periods) until
a goal or safety is made, or a foul is penalised.

Out of Bounds.

19. When the ball crosses a side line, it is out of bounds,
and shall be put in play by the Referee throwing it up between
the contestants (lined up as at the beginning of the game)
toward the middle of the field, and parallel to the goal lines, at
the point where it went over the boards. He shall throw from
outside the side boards.

Knock In.

20. When the ball crosses an end line, it is out of bounds, and
the side defending the goal at that end is entitled to a knock-in,
the ball being placed on the line at the point which it crossed,
but in no case nearer than ten (10) feet to the goal-posts or to
the side boards.

21. A ball must be over and clear of the line to be out.

22. When a player having a knock-in causes delay, the
Referee may throw a ball on the field and call play. No
opponent shall come within fifty (50) feet of the ball, when
placed for a knock-in, until the same has been hit by a mallet.



APPENDIX 463

As soon as the ball is touched by a mallet after being placed
for a knock-in, it is in play, and subject to the rules of play.

Player Substituted.

23. When a player is replaced by a substitute, he cannot re-
turn to the team the same day, except to take the place of a
player who is disabled or disqualified.

Handicap.

24. When a change of players takes place after the game has



Online LibraryT. F. (Thomas Francis) DalePolo past and present → online text (page 29 of 33)