T. F. (Thomas Francis) Dale.

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begun, the handicap of the men having the highest number of
goals shall be counted.

Fouls.

25. The Referee shall declare any violation of Rules 27, 28,
29 and 30 a foul, when seen by him, without waiting to have it
claimed ; or, when not seen, upon evidence satisfactory to him.
He may suspend the player committing the foul for the match,
but he shall also allow the usual penalty of one-half goal.

26. In case of repeated or wilful violation of said rules, espe-
cially by conduct dangerous to the safety of other players, the
Referee shall suspend the player guilty thereof for the match.

27. In case of a player being disabled by a foul so that he is
unable to continue, the side which has been fouled shall have
the option, instead of providing a substitute, to designate the
player on the opposite side whose handicap is nearest above that
of the disabled player, and the former shall thereupon retire
from the game. The penalty shall be in addition to those here-
inbefore provided, and the game shall continue with each side
reduced by the above withdrawals.

Dangerous Riding.

28. Careless or dangerous horsemanship or a lack of consider-
ation for the safety of others is forbidden.

The following are examples of riding prohibited under this
rule : —

{a) Bumping at an angle dangerous to a player or to his pony.

{b) Zigzagging in front of another player riding at a gallop.

(f) Pulling across or over a pony's forelegs in such a manner
as to risk tripping the pony.



464 POLO : PAST AND PRESENT

Right of Way,

29. (/7) The right of way is given to the player who has last
hit the ball, or to the player who has entered safely on the line
of the ball between it and the last hitter, or (as against players
not in possession of the ball) to the player who is following
nearer than any other player the line of direction of the ball.

Crossing,
{b) A player shall not cross the player having the right of
way, except at an unquestionably safe distance ; nor shall he pull
up in front of the latter unless he is far enough ahead to give the
latter unquestionably enough time to pull up also ; nor shall he
pull up across the latter on any consideration whatsoever.

Meeting.

30. Whenever two players are riding in opposite directions
for the ball, each shall leave the ball on his off side.

Other Prohibitions.

31. (^) A player shall not strike an adversary or his pony
with the hands or mallet, or strike the ball when dis-
mounted.

{b) A player shall not interpose his mallet to interfere with
an opponent's stroke.

{e) A player shall not put his mallet over his adversary's pony
either in front or behind.

(</) A player shall not seize with the hand, strike or push
with the head, hand, arm, or elbow, but a player may
push with his shoulder provided the elbow is kept close
to his side.

{e) A player requiring a mallet, pony, or assistance from an
outside person during the game shall ride to the end or
side lines to procure it. No person shall come on the
field to assist him.

(/) A player shall not hold the ball in his hand, arm, or lap,
nor shall he kick or hit the ball with any part of his
person. He may, however, block the ball with any
part of his person or with his pony.



APPENDIX 465

Fines.

32. The Referee shall also have the power to impose a fine
(the amount to be determined, by the Committee) on any team
or member of a team failing to appear within reasonable time of
the hour named for the events for which they have entered, or
for any misconduct or violation of the rules during the progress
of the game, and shall report the same in writing to the Com-
mittee for enforcement.

Penalty.

33. The Referee may at his discretion award a penalty of
half a goal for any violation of Field Rules not covered by
Rule 24.

Suspension of Play.

34. {a) When a foul is allowed by the Referee, he may or
may not stop the game, according to his judgment as to the
advantage gained or lost by the foul.

Jccident.
{b) In case of an accident to a player or to a pony, or to a
pony's gear which, in the opinion of the Referee, involves
danger to a player, he shall stop the game. It shall not be
stopped for a broken or lost mallet, stirrup leather, curb chain,
or martingale (unless liable to trip a pony).

Broken Ball.
(r) When a ball is broken or trodden into the ground in a
manner to be unserviceable, in the opinion of the Referee, or
when it strikes the Referee or his pony so as in his opinion to
affect the game seriously, he shall stop the game, and may
substitute another ball by throwing it towards the middle of the
field between the players at the point where the event occurred.

Change of Ponies,

{d) In the case of ten (10) minutes of continuous play, the
Referee shall stop the game for a change of ponies as soon there-
after as the ball goes out of bounds. Not exceeding two (2)
minutes shall be allowed for this purpose.

2 H



466 POLO : PAST AND PRESENT

Other Cause,

{e) The Referee shall suspend the game for any other
reasonable cause.

Time Lost.

{/) Time lost under paragraphs a, b, r, </, and e shall not be
counted as actual play.

Referee's Whistle,

35. In all the above cases the play is not suspended until the
Referee's whistle blows, but the game shall be considered stopped
at the time the event occurred. The ball, when placed again
in play, shall be thrown by the Referee toward the middle of
the field at the point at which the ball was when the event
occasioning the suspension of the game occurred.

Failure to Finish.

36. In the event of a game being stopped by darkness, or for
any cause which prevents a finish the same day, it shall be
resumed at the point at which it stopped, as to score and position
of the ball, at the earliest convenient time, unless settled other-
wise by agreement between the captains.

THE OPEN POLO CHAMPIONSHIP OF AMERICA

was decided at Van Courtland Park, New York City, in 1904,
by a game between the Wanderers and the Freebooters. The
teams were —

Wanderers, ' Freebooters,

C. R. Snowden. Devereux Milburn.

J. E. Cowdin. R. L. Agassiz.

J. M. Waterbury, jun. Foxhall Keene.

L. Waterbury. Joshua Crane, jun.

The Wanderers won by 4^ goals to 3, after a very fast game.
The Championship Match is to be an annual event.



APPENDIX



467



NEM^ SOUTH WALES POLO ASSOCIATION



OFFICERS,



[902.



Patron.
His Excellency the Governor.

President.
J. M. L. Macdonald, Esq.

J^ice- Presidents.
Dr. George Watt. | C. B. Fairfax, Esq.

Hon. Secretary and Treasurer.
A. J, DoDDs, Hunter Street, Sydney.



Affiliated

Sydney Polo Club.
Muswellbrook Polo Club.
Scone Polo Club.
Narandera Polo Club.
Broken Hill Polo Club.
Cooma Polo Club.
Coolah Polo Club.
Bland Polo Club.
Dubbo Polo Club.
Quirindi Polo Club.
Camden Polo Club.
Tamarang Polo Club.
" Rock " Polo Club, Broke, via
Singleton.



Clubs.



Wardry Polo Club.

" Duntroon " Polo Club, guean-

beyan.
Cassilis Polo Club.
Bombala District Polo Club.
" Waradgery" Polo Club, Hay.
"Talbragar" Polo Club, Culgong.
Wellington Polo Club.
Narromine Polo Club.
Mudgee Polo Club.
Mullaley Polo Club.
Denison Polo Club.
Glen Innes Polo Club.



RULES OF THE NEW SOUTH WALES POLO
ASSOCIATION

1. The Association shall be called the "New South Wales
Polo Association."

2. The Association adopts the Hurlingham Rules with such
amendments as are hereby authorised, and all the alterations and



468 POLO: PAST AND PRESENT

amendments made therein from time to time by the Hurlingham
Polo Club.

3. The Association shall consist of the Clubs hereinbefore
named, and Clubs subsequently elected under Rule 8.

4. The officers of the Association shall consist of a Patron, a
President, two Vice-Presidents, an Hon. Secretary and Hon.
Treasurer to be elected at the Annual General Meeting.

5. Each Club shall be entitled to elect a representative to be
a member of the Council of the Association, and such repre-
sentative shall act until notice of the election of a successor is
received from the Secretary of his Club.

6. The representatives so elected, with the Officers of the
Association, shall constitute the Council of the Association, and
all the business of the Association shall be transacted by said
Council.

7. The accounts of the Association shall be audited by two
auditors to be elected at the Annual General Meeting.

8. Clubs joining the Association must be duly proposed and
seconded by two of the delegates of the Associated Clubs, and
be balloted for ; one black ball in three to exclude.

9. Each Club shall pay an annual subscription of One Guinea.

10. Any Club may by a resolution of the Council be struck
off the list, if found guilty of wilfully breaking any of the Rules
of the Association.

1 1. At all meetings of the Council five shall form a quorum.

12. The Annual General Meeting of the Association shall
be held in Sydney, not later than ist November in each year.
Seven days' notice of such meeting to be sent to Secretaries of
Affiliated Clubs.

13. Any three members of the Council may by giving ten
days' notice, instruct the Hon. Secretary to call a meeting of the
Council, or of the Association at such time and place as may be
desirable.

14. A representative shall not represent more than one Club.
Any representative may appoint a substitute to attend and vote



APPENDIX 469

for him at any meeting of the Association, such appointment to
be in writing, and to be handed to the Chairman at the com-
mencement of the meeting.

15. The Council sha# be the governing body, and shall have
power to decide all matters connected with Polo in the State,
and shall arrange all international, inter-state, inter-provincial,
and such other matches as they may think desirable, and shall
control all polo races and sports, and no man shall be played in
a representative team unless he is a member of an Associated
Club. Any player or any Club refusing to be bound by any
decision, or breaking the rules of the Council, may be disquali-
fied for such term as the Council may see fit.

16. The Hon. Secretary shall, within a fortnight after the
election of any Club, inform it by letter of its election, and send
the Hon. Secretary of such Club a copy of these Rules and laws
of the game, and every new Club shall pay its subscription
within a fortnight after receiving notice of election, and shall
forward a list of its members and a copy of its Rules whenever
required by the Hon. Secretary of the Association.

17. The dress of the representative teams of the Association
shall be a white shirt or jersey with light blue hoops, boots, and
white breeches.

18. Clubs joining the Association shall register their colours,
which must be approved of by the Council, and the right to
such colours shall be decided by priority of registration.

19. All funds of the Association shall be paid into a bank to
the credit of the Association, and all accounts shall be passed by
the Committee and shall be paid by cheque signed by the Hon.
Treasurer.

20. In the event of any outlay being required beyond the
funds of the Association, each representative shall be deemed
entitled to incur on behalf of his club his proportion of the sum
needed, provided that the amount payable by each club shall
in no case amount to more than four guineas per annum, unless
such club specially authorise their representative to exceed that
amount.



470 POLO: PAST AND PRESENT

21. At all meetings of the Council, any person who is a bona-
Jide member of an Affiliated Club may attend and speak on any
motion submitted, but only members of the Council shall vote.
Council shall have power to frame byeilaws for the management
of the Association, and for the interests of the game generally.
All disputes between Clubs or in connection with the game, or
with polo sports, etc., shall be referred to the Council, whose
decision shall be final.

2 2. These Rules shall only be altered or added to by a
resolution of three-fourths of the Council of the Association, and
any such alteration shall be submitted for confirmation at the
next General Meeting of the Association.

PLAYING RULES ADOPTED BY THE NEW
SOUTH WALES POLO ASSOCIATION

1. The height of the ponies must not exceed 14 hands i inch,
and no ponies showing vice shall be played. The sticks shall
be subject to the umpire's approval.

2. The playing ground shall be 300 yards long by 200 yards
wide, and the goals shall be 8 yards wide and not less than 250
yards apart.

3. The balls shall be 3 inches in diameter.

4. Each side shall nominate an umpire, unless it be agreed to
play with one, and their or his decision shall be final. In im-
portant matches, a referee should also be appointed, whose
decision shall be final. A goal umpire for each goal and time-
keeper shall also be appointed.

5. In all matches the players shall be four a-side.

6. The game commences by both sides taking up their
position in the middle of the ground and the umpire throwing
the ball in the centre of the ground.

Duration of Play.

7. The duration of play in a match shall be one hour,
divided into three periods of twenty minutes, with an interval
of ten minutes between each period.



APPENDIX 471

The two first periods of play shall terminate as soon as the
ball goes out of play after the expiration of the prescribed time :
any excess of time in either of the first two periods due to the
ball remaining in play being deducted from the succeeding
periods. The last period shall terminate immediately on the
expiration of the hour's play although the ball is still in play.

Exception,
In case of a tie the last period shall be prolonged till the ball
goes out of play, and if still a tie, after an interval of ten minutes
the ball shall be started from where it went out of play, and the
game continued as before, with the goals widened to 44 feet,
until one side obtain a goal, which shall determine the match.

Changing Ponies.

8. As soon as the ball goes out of play after the expiration
of the first ten minutes of each period of play, the game shall
be suspended for sufficient time, not exceeding three minutes,
to enable players to change ponies. With the above exception
play shall be continuous, and it shall be the duty of the umpire
to throw in the ball punctually, and in the event of unnecessary
delay in hitting out the ball, to call upon the ofi^ending side to
proceed at once. Any change of ponies except according to
the above provision shall be at the risk of the player.

Bell.

9. A bell should be rung to signify the time for changing
ponies, and at the termination of each period of play.

10. An official time-keeper shall be employed in all important
matches.

Goals.

11. A goal is gained when a ball is driven between the goal-
posts and clear of the goal line by any of the players or their
ponies.

Over Top of Goal-Posts.

12. If a ball is hit above the top of the goal-posts, but, in
the opinion of the umpire, between them, it shall be deemed a
goal.



472 POLO : PAST AND PRESENT

To Win Game. '

13. The side that makes most goals wins the game.

Where Ball to be Hit From ; Position of Players.

14. If the ball be hit behind the back line by one of the
opposite side, the defending side shall hit off as near as possible
to where it crossed the line, and none of the attacking side
shall be within 30 yards of the back line till it is hit. If the
ball be hit behind the back line by one of the side whose line
it is they shall hit it off from the centre of the goal line between
the posts, and all the defending side shall remain behind the
line until the ball is hit off, the attacking side being free to
place themselves where they choose, but not within 25 yards of
the ball. This penalty will not be exacted should the ball
glance off either a pony or a player.

Ball Thrown In by Umpire.

15. When the ball is hit out of bounds, it must be thrown
into the ground by the umpire, from the exact spot where it
went out of play, in a direction parallel to the two goal lines
and between the opposing ranks of players.

No Delay Allowed.
There must be no delay whatsoever or any consideration for
absent players.

Riding Out an Antagonist ; Crossing.

16. A player may ride out an antagonist, or interpose his
pony before his antagonist, so as to prevent the latter reaching
the ball, but he may not cross another player in possession of
the ball except at such a distance that the said player shall not
be compelled to check his pony to avoid a collision.

If two players are riding from different directions to hit the
ball, and a collision appears probable, then the player in possession
of the ball (that is, who last hit the ball, or if neither have hit
the ball, the player who is coming from the direction from which
the ball was last hit) must be given way to. Provided that no
player shall be deemed to be in possession of the ball by reason
of his being the last striker if he shall have deviated from pursu-



APPENDIX 473

ing the exact course of the ball. A player shall be considered
to ride off fairly when having placed himself abreast of an
adversary (after following a line of direction as nearly as possible
parallel to that in which his adversary is moving) he gradually
forces him from or prevents his continuing in the direction in
which he is riding.

Penalty for Crossing and Dangerous Play,
In case of an infringement of the rule against crossing, or in
case of dangerous riding or play, the umpire shall stop the game
and enforce the following penalty : — A free hit from a spot
50 yards from the back line of the side causing the foul and as
nearly as possible opposite the spot where the foul took place,
unless the foul takes place less than 50 yards from the said back
line, in which case the free hit shall be given from the spot
where the foul occurred, all the side causing the foul to be behind
the back line, but not between the goal-posts until the ball is
hit off. If time has been called before the penalty is enforced,
it shall be enforced at the beginning of the next period, or the
game shall be continued until the ball has been hit out of
bounds, at the option of the side that has been fouled.

Crooking Sticks.

17. No player shall crook his adversary's stick unless he is
on the same side of the adversary's pony as the ball, or in a
direct line behind, and his stick is neither under nor over his
adversary's pony.

Offside.

18. No player who is offside shall hit the ball, or shall in
any way prevent the opposite side from reaching or hitting the
ball.

Definition of Offside.

A player is offside when, at the time of the ball being hit,
he has no one of the opposite side nearer the adversaries' goal
line, or that line produced, or behind that line, and he is neither
in possession of the ball nor behind one of his own side who is
in possession of the ball. A player, if offside, remains off-side
until the ball is hit or hit at again.



474 POLO : PAST AND PRESENT

Rough Play,

19. No player shall seize with the hand, strike, or push with
the head, hand, arm, or elbow, but a player may push with his
arm above the elbow, provided the elbow be kept close to his
side.

Carrying Ball.

20. A player may not carry the ball. In the event of the
ball lodging upon or against a player or pony it must be
immediately dropped on the ground by the player or the rider
of the pony.

21. No player shall intentionally strike his pony with the
head of his polo stick.

Penalty for Foul.

22. Any infringement of the rules constitutes a foul. In
case of an infringement of Rules 17, 19, 20, and 21, the umpire
shall stop the game ; and in case of an infringement of Rule 18
the umpire shall stop the game on an appeal by any one of the
side which has been fouled.

On the game being stopped as above, the side which has
been fouled may claim either of the following penalties : —

{a) A free hit from where the ball was when the foul took
place, none of the opposing side to be within 10 yards of the ball.

(^) That the side which caused the foul take the ball back
and hit it off from behind their own goal line.

Penalty for Disabling a Player.

23. In the case of a player being disabled by a foul, the
side which has been fouled shall have a right to designate any one
of the players on the opposite side, who shall retire from the
game. The game shall be continued with three players a-side,
and if the side that causes the foul refuses to continue the game
it shall thereby lose the match. This penalty shall be in
addition to that provided by Rule 22.

Changing Ends,

24. Ends shall be changed after every goal, or, if no goals
have been obtained, after half-time.



APPENDIX 475

Ball Out.

25. The ball must go over and clear of the line to be out.

Damaged Ball,

26. If the ball be damaged the umpire must at once stop
the game, and throw in a new ball, at the place where it was
broken, towards the nearest side of the ground in a direction
parallel to the two goal lines, and between the opposing ranks
of players.

Broken Sticks.

27. Should a player's stick be broken, he must ride to the
place where the sticks are kept and take one. On no account
is a stick to be brought to him.

Dropped Stick.

28. In the event of a stick being dropped, the player must pick
it up himself. No dismounted player is allowed to hit the ball.

Ground Kept Clear.

29. No person allowed within the arena, players, umpires,
and manager excepted.

Accidents.

30. In the event of any player having a fall or being hurt in
any way to prevent his playing, the umpire shall stop the game,
and allow time for the dismounted man to mount, or the injured
man to be replaced. On play being recommenced, the ball
shall be thrown in where it was when the accident occurred.

Where Ball Thrown In.

31. On play being resumed the ball shall be thrown in
where it was when the game was stopped, and in the manner
provided for in Rule 26.

Disregarding Umpire^ s Decision.

32. Any deliberate disregard of the umpire shall involve the
disqualification of the team so offending.

Umpire'' s Power to Decide all Disputes.

33. Should any incident or question arise that is not provided
for in these Rules, such incident or question to be decided by
the umpire.



476 POLO : PAST AND PRESENT



RESULTS OF CHIEF TOURNAMENTS

OPEN CHAMPION CUP

Conditions.

1. Open to any Polo Teams.

2. The entries, naming colours, to be made on or before
5 p.m. on the Wednesday prior to the week of competition.

3. The respective teams to be drawn, and the said draw to
take place on Wednesday, at 5 p.m., prior to the week of
competition.

4. The Captain of each team to name his four players at
time of entry.

5. Unless three Teams contend, the Cup may be withheld.

Placed at Hurlingham.

1904. Old Cantabs — W. M'Creery, Capt. Heseltine, F.
June II. Freake, W. Buckmaster. Won by 7 goals to i

from Handley Cross. Entries, 8.
1903. Rugby — Walter Jones, G. A. Miller, E. D. Miller,
June 27. C. D. Miller. Won by 4 goals to 1 from Old

Oxonians. Entries, 7.
1902. Freebooters — H. Brassey, A. Rawlinson, W. S. Buck-
July 5. master, L. Waterbury. Won by 8 goals to i from

Black and Tans. Entries, 4.
1901. Rugby — W. Jones, G. A. Miller, Capt. E. Miller,
June 15. C. D. Miller. Won by 6 goals to 3 from Old

Cantabs. Entries, 5.
1900. Old Cantabs— W. M'Creery, F. Freake, W. Buck-
June 28. master, L. M'Creery. Won by 3 goals to i from

Hurlingham. Entries, 6.





APPENDIX


47'


1899.


Rugby.


1887.


Freebooters.


1898.


Rugby.


1886.


Freebooters.


1897.


Rugby.


1885.


Sussex.


1896.


Freebooters.


1884.


Freebooters.


1895.


Freebooters.


1883.


Sussex, w.o.


1894.


Freebooters.


1882.


Sussex.


1893.


Sussex, w.o.


1881.


Sussex.


1892.


Sussex.


1880.


Sussex.


1891.


Sussex.


1879.


Hurlingham.


1890.


Sussex.


1878.


Monmouthshire.


1889.


Sussex.


1877.


Monmouthshire an


i888.


Sussex.




Tyros played a tie.



OPEN CHALLENGE CUP



Played at Ranelagh.



1904.
June 25.

1903.
June 4.

1902.
June 29.

1901.
June 30.

1900.
July 14.

1899.
1898.



Roehampton — Capt. H. Wilson, M. Nickalls, P.

Nickalls, Capt. H. Lloyd. Won by 7 goals to 4

from Old Cantabs. Entries, 6.
Old Cantabs— W. M*Creery, F. Freake, W. Buck-
master, Capt. Heseltine. Won by 4 goals to i

from Rugby. Entries, 7.
Rugby- — W. Jones, Lord Shrewsbury, Capt. E. D.

Miller, C. D. Miller. Won by 5 goals to 4 from

Old Oxonians. Entries, 4.
Rugby — W. Jones, G. A. Miller, Lord Shrewsbury



Online LibraryT. F. (Thomas Francis) DalePolo past and present → online text (page 30 of 33)