After graduating in Arts from the M. A. O. College, Aligarh,
he entered Government service but after a few years resigned
that service and after qualifying himself as an L.L.B. began to
practice as a Vakil at Moradabad. Sayied Riza Ali is a
prominent member of the Muslem League, the Honorary
Secretary of its Moradabad Branch. In 19 12, he was
elected to the United Provinces Legislative Council where he
has been representing the Special Muslim Electorate for ^
Rohilkhand and Kumaon. In Muslim Politics he evinces a
very keen interest. In the Machhli Bazar Cawnpore Mosque
case the part played by him in bringing out a settlement
between the Government and the Muslims was, by no means,
an unimportant one. Address : Moradabad.
Shaikh Shahid Husain, The Hon'ble — b.a., l.l.b.,
(Cantab), Bar-at-Law, Talukdar of Gadia and Municipal
Commissioner, Lucknow, born on the 8th of January, 1878,
belongs to one of the oldest and most respectable Mahomedan
families of Oudh. He is one of the chief representatives of
the Kidwai clan which migrated 6 centuries ago from Rum
and colonised 52 villages in the Districts of Lucknow and
Barabanki. After passing the Intermediate Examination from
the Canning College, Lucknow, he went to England and took
his B.A., L.L.B., Honors degree in 1903. He was called to the
Bar also in the same year. On his return to India he settled
down to the legal profession and built a good practice very
soon. In December, 1904, he was chiefly instrumental in hold-
ing the Mahomedan Educational Conference at Lucknow and
was presented with a gold medal for his successful organi-
sation of the said Conference. In 1908, he was elected
Honorary Joint Secretary of the British Indian Association
which position he has been holding ever since. He represents
the Mahomedans of Oudh in the Local Legislative Council,
is a member of the Municipal Board, Lucknow, member of
66 WHO'S WHO IN INDIA
the Boards of Management of the Canning College, Colvin
Talukdars' School, Medical College and of the Advisory
Committee, United Provinces. He is also a Director of the
Upper India National Bank, Limited and the Baib and Wood
Pulp Manufacturing Company, Limited, Luck now. As a
Talukdar, he has affected substantial improvements in his
hereditary occupation of Zamindarship. Address : Lucknow.
KiSHAN Singh, Sardar Saheb, Chowdhury — Hojiorary
Magistrate of Bham, Gurdaspur District in the Punjab. Title
of Sardar Saheb conferred in January, 19 14. Address : Bham,
Gurdaspur District, Punjab.
BaWa Mihan Singh, Sardar Saheb — Extra Judicial
Assistant Commissioner in the Punjab. Title of Sardar Saheb
conferred in January, 1914.
M. R. Ry. Samineori Adinarayan Rao Navadu Garu,
Rai Saheb, Chairman, Municipal Council, Chicacole, in the
Madras Presidency. Title conferred in January, \(^i^. Address:
Chicacole, Madras Presidency.
M. R. Ry. Karai Gowndan Maraua Gowndan
AVARGAL, Rai Saheb, land owner, Coimbatore District, Madras
Presidency. Title conferred in January, 1914.
GOPAL Chandra Bhaumik, Rai Saheb, Babu— Forest
Ranger in the Province of Bengal. Title conferred in January,
KuNJ Behari Mukharji, Rai Saheb, Babu — Chief Court
Inspector, Calcutta. Title conferred in January, 1914. Address:
Guru Charan Datta, Rai Saheb, Babu— Jail Department^
Bengal. Title conferred in January, 19 14.
i.AX Chand (67)
K. B. MiK Sykd Husain, B. A. (70)
Dk. Maxhan SiNdM. K I. H. IS M.I) 177)
1\. 15. Haji Ai;i»ri K \ i.\i. ^77)
MOHENDRA Lal BasU, Rai Saheb, Babu — Honorary
Magistrate, Booghly, Bengal. Title conferred in January, 1914.
Address: Hooghly, Bengal.
Abdul Haie, Shams-ul-ulama, Maulvi — Honorary Magis-
trate, Jehanabad, Gaya ; born in December, 1854, claims his
descent from Syed Ibrahim Malik Baya of Behar. After
receiving his education which he did at Benares, Mirzapur,
Lucknow and Delhi, he entered the Government service and
served in the capacities of Head Maulvi and Senior Professor
of Persian and Arabic, Patna College, for about 2^ years.
Maulvi Abdul Haie is a deep scholar of Arabic and Persian
and takes special interest in the study of sujilsm. Address :
Khwaja TaSadduq Husain, B.A., Khan Bahadur, Special
Magistrate, Karnal, was born on ist November, 1866, and
educated at the St. Stephen's College, Delhi. He belongs to
a branch of the Ansar family of Panipat which is said to have
descended from Hazrat Aiyub Ansar and Shaikh Abdulla Pir-i-
fiirat. Shams-ul-ulma Maulana Altaf Husain Halee, an Urdu
Poet of Indian fame, was an uncle of Khwaja Tasadduq Husain.
He is one of the most capable Judicial Officers in the Punjab
and his work has all along been approved by the Government
and in recognition of the same he was made a Khan Bahadur
.in 1 91 2. Address: Special Magistrate, Karnal.
Gyan Chand, Rai Saheb Lala— of Sialkot, born on ist
April, 1864, is the younger son of Rai Diwan Chand. One of his
ancestors, Gajjanmal, was distinguished in the time of Emperor
Akbar as the founder of Ghartal in Sialkot and obtained the
title of Malik. His grandsons Ramjimall and Shamjimall
obtained the title of Diwan in the time of Emperor Aurangzeb'.
Rai Diwan Chand was, for sometime, Tehsildar of Roras in
Wazirabad, but subsequently he took up to the profession of
journalism. He started a Press of his own in 1853 which i.s
68 WHO'S WHO IN INDIA
being conducted now by his sons Diwan Brij Lai and Rai Gyan
Chand Sabeb, the former being the Managing Proprietor and
the latter, the Chief Editor of the Victoria Papery a newspaper
issued from the Press. Eai Saheb Gyan Chand is an Honorary
Magistrate in Sialkot since 1903 and was, on his father's death,
elected V^ice-President of the District Board in which capacity
he served for 13 years, Hewas Vice-Chairman of the Municipal
Board also for several years. He received the title of Rai Saheb
in June, 1910, for his long and meritorious services to
the Government and the Public. His eldest son, Diwan
Kailash Nath, looks after his landed property and is an elected
member of the Sialkot District Board. Address • Victoria
Khushal Singh, Rai Saheb Chaudhri— Zemindar, Buland-
shahr, United Provinces. Title conferred in January, 19 14.
Address: Bulandshahr, U. P.
L1LANA.ND JOSHI, Rai Saheb Pandit — Superintendent in
the Office of the Commissioner, Kumaon, United Provinces.
Title conferred in January, 1914. Address : Almora.
GOPI KfSHAN, Rai Saheb, Babu — Honorary Magistrate,
Azamgarh, United Provinces. Title conferred in January^
1 91 4. Address : Azamgarh, U. P.
GOKAL Chand, Rai Saheb, Lala — Inspector of Police in
the Punjab. Title conferred in January, 19 14.
Gyan Chand, Rai Saheb, Lala — Temporary Engineer,
Public Works Department, Irrigation Branch, Punjab. Title
conferred in January, 1914.
Hakim Singh, Rai Saheb, Manager of the Baghal State
in the Punjab. Title conferred in January, 1914. Address :
Baghal State, Punjab.
Hemraj, Rai Saheb, Lala — Sub- Assistant Surgeon in the
Punjab. Title conferred in January, 1914.
Sardari Mal, Rai Saheb, Lala — Pleader, Gujranwala, in
the Punjab. Title conferred in January, 1914. Address:
Syed Mohomed Ishaq, Khan Saheb, Maulvi — Sub-Regis-
trar, member of the District Board, Municipal Commissioner
and Honorary Magistrate, Bettiah, District Champaran,
was born on 24th December, 1858. His public services were
rewarded by the Government by the grant of a certi-
ficate of honor in 191 1 on the occasion of the Coronation
Darbar, a Coronation silver medal in 191 2 and the title of
Khan Saheb in 19 13. Address: Sub-Registrar, Bettiah,
B. N.-W, Railway, District Champaran.
Shaikh Abdul Aziz, b. a., f. p. u., Khan Saheb, Editor
of '' The Observer " and Honorary Secretary, Anjuman-i-
Himayat-i-Islam, Lahore, was born in 1878 and educated at
the Church Mission School and Government College, Lahore,
from where he graduated in 1898. Since completing his
education Shaikh Abdul Aziz has taken to the journalistic
profession and is now the editor of the leading Musalman
paper of the Punjab. He was selected to accompany Their
Royal Highnesses the Prince and the Princess of Wales as a
representative of the Punjab Press during their tour in India in
1905-06. He takes keen interest in the advance of education,
specially that of Mohomedans. He is a member of the Central
Standing Committee of the M. A. O. E. Conference, is the
Honorary Secretary of the Anjuman-Himayat-i-Islam, the pre-
mier Muslim educational body in the Punjab which maintains the
Islamia College, two High Schools and a number of girls and
branch schools. He has been a Fellow of the Punjab Univer-
sity since 1904 ; is a member of the Council of the All-India
Muslim League and held the office of Joint Secretary of the
70 WHO'S WHO IN INDIA
Punjab Mulim League for 3 years, is a member of the Punjab
Muslim Club, Lahore. Address: Bait-ul-Mahmud Mozang,
Agha Ali RaZA. Khan, Khan Bahadur, Deputy Superin-
tendent of Police in the Punjab ; was made a Khan Bahadur
in January, 19 13, in recognition of his public services as a
Saiyid Zahir-UD-DLN, Khan Bahadur, Maulvi — of Patna.
The title of Khan Bahadur was conferred on him as a personal
distinction in January, 1913, for his public services. Address:
Patna^ (Behar and Orissa)'.
Elijah Jacob, Khan Bahadur, Extra-Assistant Com-
missioner, Nagpur, Central Provinces. The title of Khan
Bahadur was conferred on him in January, 19 13. Address :
Nagpur (Central Provinces).
KUTUB-UD-DIN Ahmad, Khan Bahadur, Maulvi — Pleader,
Vice-Chairman, Nowgong Municipality in the Province of
Assam. He was created a Khan Bahadur in January, 19 13,
in recognition of his public services. Address : Nowgong,
Nawab Ali Shah, Khan Bahadur, Inspector of Police,
Indore State. See page 171, Part I, the Principal volume of
Who's Who in India. The title of Khan Bahadur was conferred
on him in January, 1913, in further recognition of his public
services. Address : Indore, C. I.
MirSyed Husain, b. a., Khan Bahadur, Judicial Mem-
ber, Tonk State, Rajputana. The title of Khan Bahadur was
conferred on him in January, 191 3, in recognition of his services
to the Tonk Darbar. Address: Tonk, Rajputana.
Mir. Dcrra Khan Gichki, Khan Bahadur, was born
on 13th January, 1868 and educated at Turbat (Kech Mekran)
in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. His early ancestors were
originally Rajput Hindus of the Marwar State and migrated to
Arabia owing to some domestic quarrels and later on became
converts to Islam. Mir Durra Khan was of great assistance
to the British Surveyor when the latter was surveying the
rocks of Mekran and the entire population of Kech was against
him. He was made a Khan Saheb in recognition of the help
thus rendered. Two years later he gave assistance to the
Railway party serving in the frontier of Persia and he was
made a Khan Bahadur. He is a landlord and Jagirdar.
Address : Turbat (Mekran) Arabia.
Raghunandan Tripathi, Mahamohopadhyaya Pandit—
Sahityachariya, Vyakarnopadhyaya, SankhyaYogaUpadhyaya,
Head Pandit, (laya Zilla School and Secretary Behar Sanskrit
Sanjiwan Samaj, was born in August, 1864, in a Sarjupuri
(Sarwaria) Brahmin family. His father, Pandit Raji Ram Tri-
pathi of Dalippur, rendered valuable services to the British
Government during the Mutiny of 1857. Pandit Raghunandan
Tripathi entered the Education Department in 1888 and has
been serving as a Head Pandit ever since though in different
schools in the province and evincing great interest in matters
educational specially with regard to the spread of Sanskrit
literature. Address : Head Pandit, Gaya Zilla School, Gaya.
Ganeshi Lal, Rai Bahadur, Major — second in command,
Imperial Service Infantry, Bharatpur, Rajputana, was born
on 26th April, 1876. He entered the Bharatpur Military
service at an early age and rose to his present high position
by his faithful and meritorious services. He served for 3
months at Delhi during the Coronation Darbar of 1911 and
was awarded 2nd class order of British India and the title of
Bahadur. He was made a Rai Bahadur in 19 13. He is a
good athlete and a player of football, hockey, tennis and
other Military games. Address : Bharatpur, Rajputana.
72 WHO'S WHO IN INDIA
Mahomed Aman Khan, Khan Bahadur, of Khalabat,
Hazara District. He received the title of Khan Saheb some
years back in recognition of his public services and was made
a Khan Bahadur in January, 1913. Address: Khalabat, Hazara
District, N.-W. F. P.
Jalal-UD-DIN Khan, Khan Bahadur, retired Deputy
Superintendent of Police, first grade, in the North-Western
Frontier Province: See page 144, Part III of the principal
volume of Who's Who in India. The title of Khan Bahadur
was conferred on him in January, 1913, in further recognition
of his services.
Makbul Husain,m,A., Khan Bahadur, Sheikh — Bar-at-law,
Revenue Minister, Jammu and Kashmir State : See page 165,
Part I, of the principal volume of Who's Who in India. The
title of Khan Bahadur was conferred on him in January, 191 3.
Raja Mdrad Khan, Khan Bahadur, Governor of Ghize,
Gilgit, was made a Khan Bahadur in January, 19 13. Address :
M. R. Ry. Nandagiri Lakshmana Rao Pantulu Garu,
Rai Bahadur, Subordinate Judge, Kurnool, in the Madras
Presidency. The title of Rai Bahadur was conferred on him in
January, 19 [3, in recognition of his services. Address: Kurnool,
ISACHARAN Chanda Lal, M.A., I.S.O., Deputy Commis-
sioner, Muzaffargarh, was born on 22nd April, i863^ and educat-
ed in the Government College, Lahore. After taking his
M. A. degree in 1885 he entered the Provincial Civil service
by competition in 1886, became Settlement Commissioner in
1902 and Officiating Deputy Commissioner in May, 1913. He
was ad.mitted to the Imperial Service Order in recognition of
his meritorious services in 19 13. His father was a school master.
Two of his brothers are Executive Engineers, one an Extra-
Assistant Commissioner, two Professors intheForman Christian
College at Lahore and one an Assistant Surgeon. Address i
Jnam Muhammad Khan, Khan Bahadur, Munshi — Deputy
Superintendent of Police, Aligarh, was born in August, 1864,
and educated in the Rai Bareli High School. His services
ir> the Police Department have been of a high character and
were recognised by the Government by the grant of the title of
Khan Bahadur in 19 13. Address: Aligarh.
SvED Ahmad Kabir, Khan Saheb, Serishtedar, District
and Sessions Court, Chingleput, was born on 23rd December,
i860, and educated in the Madras Presidency College and the
Government College, Madura. In recognition of his long and
faithful services he was made a Khan Saheb in 1913. He is a
member of the Chingleput Venugopaul Club and is fond of
playing billiards. Address : Chingleput, Madras Presidency.
M. R, Ry. PaNNIMADAI SUBRA^fANIA AlYAR AVERGAL,
Rao Bahadur, Acting Superintendent, District Jail, Cuddalore,
in the Madras Presidency. Title of Rao Bahadur conferred
in January, 1913. Address: Cuddalore, Madras Presidency.
M. R. Ry. Canyanur Venkatarama Muniswami Aiyar
AVERGAL, Rao Bahadur, Reporter of ''The Madras Mail,"
Madras. The title of Rao Bahadur was conferred in January,
19 13. Address: Madras. 1^
Pahlajrai Khemchand Notani, Rao Bahadur, Sub-
Engineer, 2nd grade and Honorary Assistant Engineer, Public
Works Department, in the Bombay Presidency. The title
was conferred in January, 19 13.
Naranbhai Lallubhai Dssai, Rao Bahadur, retired
Deputy Collector, in the Bombay Presidency. Title conferred
in January, 19 13.
74 . WHO'S WHO IN INDIA
Mahadev Ganesh Dongre, b.s.C, L.C.E., Rao Bahadur,
Professor of Science, Rajaram College, Kolhapur, Bombay
Presidency. Title conferred in January, 1913. Address :
Rajaram College, Kolhapur, Bombay Presidency.
Dattatraya Balvant Parasnis, Rao Bahadur, Special
Magistrate of the third class, Satara, Bombay Presidency.
Title conferred in January, 19 13. Address: Satara.
Vishnu Moreshwar Mahajani, m.a., Rao Bahadur, was
born in October, 1851, and educated in the Deccan College,
Poona. He entered the Educational Department of the
Central Provinces in 1871 as an Assistant Master in the Akola
High School and gradually rose to the post of Educational
Inspector, Akola (Berar), from which position he retired. He
worked as Secretary, Amraoti Municipality and Vice-Chairman,
Akola Municipality, for several years. For his various good
services he was awarded the title of Rao Bahadur in 1913. He
is an author of several small books and finds delight in reading,
writing and lecturing. Address : Retired Educational Ins-
pector, Akola, Berar.
BroJENDRaMohun Gdpta, B.A., Rai Saheb, Head Assist-
ant in charge. Chief Secretary's Office, Darjeeling, was born
in January, 1864, and educated in the General Assembly's
Institution now called Scottish Church College. He was on
special duty in connection with the Imperial visit to Calcutta
in 191 1^12 and was granted the title of Rai Saheb for services
rendered in that connection. He is an Orthodox Hindu who
takes special interest in Hindu Philosophy and Scriptures and
is a devout student of both the Gita and the Bible. Address :
Bhagwat Narain, Rai Saheb, Deputy Inspector of
Schools, Muzaffarpur, was born in January, 1865, and educated
in the Patna College. In 1883, he entered the service of the
Educational Department as a teacher and by 1903 rose to
his present post of Deputy Inspector. He has been a very
enero-etic and devoted Educationist and has tried hard to
popularise the cause of education. In recognition of his services
he was made a Rai Saheb in 1913. He holds about 200 bighas
of land. Residence village Rampurdih, Railway Station and
Post Office, Laharia Serai, District Darbhanga. Address :
Mahadeo Sakharam Bapat, Rao Bahadur, of Buldana
in Berar. The title of Rao Bahadur was conferred in January,
1913. Address: Buldana, Berar.
GOBIND Chintaman Chhatre, Rao Bahadur, Chief
Superintendent, Office of the Comptroller, Central Provinces.
Title conferred in January, 19 13.
Attawar Ramaya Punja, Rao Bahadur, District Judge,
of the Civil and Military Station, Bangalore. Title conferred
in January, 19 13. Address : Bangalore.
Jeoraj Singh, Rao Bahadur, Thakur — member of Council,
Bikaner State, Rajputana. Title conferred in January, 1913.
Address: Bikaner, Rajputana.
Balrama Ayyar, B.A., Rao Bahadur, Mr. K.— Examiner
of Accounts, Eastern Bengal State Railway. Title conferred
in January, 19 13.
BiSHAN Singh, Sardar Saheb, Sardar— -Deputy Superin-
tendent of Police in the Punjab. Title conferred in January,
Megh Singh, Rai Bahadur, of Rupi, Kulu State, Kangra
District, Honorary Magistrate and Honorary Civil Judge, was
born on July i8th, 1882, and educated at the Aitchison Chiefs'
76 WHO'S WHO IN INDIA
College, Lahore. His ancestor Bhangmuni Pal came from
Mayapuri State near Badri Narayan and became Raja of Kulu
by subduing the Thakurs and Ranas and later on Raja Man
Singh extended his dominions up to Rampur, Bussahir, Lahol
and a part of Mandi State. Rai Bahadur Megh Singh owns
14,984 acres in jagir and 218 acres as his sole property. He
is an Honorary Magistrate and Civil Judge at Sultanpur in the
District of Kangra, a member of the Punjab Chiefs' Association,
Lahore, and of the Rajput Prantik Sabha, Jammu and Kashmir.
Address : Kulu State, Kangra District.
Chingleput Ratna Mudelier, I.S.O., Chief Interpreter,
Presidency Magistrate's Court, Egmore, was born on March
21 st, 1S54, and educated in the Madras Christian College,
Madras. He entered Government service in 1878, served for
a time in the Kurnool Collectorate and in the Board of Reve-
nue, Madras. Later on he entered as a clerk in the Presidency
Magistrate's Court, Madras, and from there rose to the present
position of Chief Interpretor. He was awarded the distinction
of the companionship of the Imperial Service Order in 1912.
Address : Egmore.
Wadera Nur Muhammad, Khan Bahadur, Bangalzai of
Splinji, Kalat in Beluchistan. Title conferred in June, 1913,
in recognition of public service.
Nawab Khan Wanechi, Khan Bahadur, Sardar— of
Loralai in Beluchistan. He was first made a Khan Saheb in
recognition of his public services and in June, 19 13, he receiv-
ed the title of Khan Bahadur as a personal distinction in
further recognition of his services.
Malik Ghulam Muhammad Khan, Khan Bahadur,
Risaldar-Major, Sardar Bahadur, 39th King George's Own
Central India Horse of the Shahpur District in the Punjab.
The title of Khan Bahadur was conferred on him as a personal
distinction in June, 19 13, in recognition of his services.
."^^i-'^f^R"-— *w ^
Hajji Abdul Rahim, Khan Bahadur, Extra Assistant
Superintendent, Survey of India. His public services were
recognised by the grant of the title of Khan Saheb sometime
ago and in further recognition of the same the title of Khan
Bahadur was conferred on him in June, 19 13.
MiRAN Bakhsh, Khan Bahadur, temporary Sub-Engi-
neer, Karachi Extension Railway Survey. He was made a
Khan Saheb sometime ago and the title of Khan Bahadur
was conferred on him in June, 1913, as a personal distinction
in recognition of his public services.
KhAGENDRA Nath Mitra, I.S.O., Babu — Deputy Magis-
trate and Collector, was born on 3rd November, 1855, and
educated at the Presidency College, Calcutta. In recognition
of his services to the public, specially in the line of education,
he was admitted to the Imperial Service Order in the year
1913. Address: 14, Bechu Chatterjee's Street, Calcutta.
LUTF Ali Khan Bahadur, Major — was born in 1875 at
Kallanor. When 1 8, he entered the service of the Indore Durbar
and has, during the period, risen to the important position
of the Commandant, Imperial Service Transport of the State.
In June, 19 12, he was granted the 2nd class order of merit by
the Government of India and was made a Bahadur. Address:
Imperial Service Transport, Indore.
Makhan Singh, K.I.H., I.S.M.D., Dr. — was born in April,
1872, in the village Kaherta, District of Rawalpindi, in a res-
pectable 7nahajan family and was educated in the Lahore
Medical College in the final examination of which he stood first.
He entered the Government service of Indian Subordinate
Medical Department in April, 1892, served in Beluchistan for 15
years and did useful service in connection with the out-break of
cholera at Loralai. He was awarded cash reward and sanads
by the Government for the above services ; was also granted a
78 WHO'S WHO IN INDIA
special sanad by the Government of India on the occasion of
the Coronation of His Majesty Edward VII for his meritorious
services among the tribes in Beluchistan ; served for 5 years at
Rawalpindi where his services in connection with the out-break
of cholera, small-pox and plague were specially rewarded by the
grant of K.I.H. medal in January, 1913. Address : Rawalpindi
Pridumna Krishna (Capoor), Rai Bahadur, Deputy
Collector and Magistrate, Lucknow, was born on January 23rd,
1863. After the completion^of his education in the Bareilly
College he entered the Government service in 1883 as Tehsil-
dar of Farrukhabad. In recognition of his services in that
capacity he was made a Deputy Collector in 1899. His
services in connection with the census operations of 1901
and 191 1, with the Azamgarh Settlement (1902-05) and the
famine of 1907-08 were highly appreciated by the Government
and brought him a Delhi Durbar Medal in 191 1 and a Rai
Bahadurship in 19 13. He is, at present, doing special work as
Land Acquisition Officer for the improvement of the town of
Lucknow and as Income Tax Officer. Address : Deputy
Collector and Magistrate, Lucknow.
M. R. Ry., Antoor Vengu Aiyar Ramalinga Aiyar
AVERGAL, B.A., B.C.E.,Rai Bahadur, Executive Engineer, Public
Works Department, Madras Presidency. He was made a Rao
Saheb some years ago in recognition of his public services and
the title of Rai Bahadur was conferred on him in further
recognition of his work in June, 1913.
M. R. Ry., Kadambi Ranga Chariar Avergal,
M.A., L.T., Rai Bahadur, Acting Government Botanist in the
Madras Presidency. The title of Rai Bahadur was conferred
on him in June, 191 3, as a personal distinction in recognition
of his public services.