and with the determination manifested by our that,
fathers of the Eevolution. Judge Johnson was called upon. He re-
Resolved, That we deeply deplore the steps viewed, to a certain extent, the action which
hastily taken by a portion of- the Southern the South has taken in the Fort Sumter affair
people to destroy the best government on from the first. He said we have waited long
earth, and the confidence of the world in the expecting that reason would again take posses-
ability of man for self control, and we cannot sion of our brethren at the South. The door
believe that this suicidal work meets the ap- had been left wide open for them to return, but
probation of thousands of our conservative and they said to the Government you must fight or
law-abiding brethren of the South, and borne ignobly surrender that fort. The unholy war
down by a mob whose usurpations and lawless had been forced upon us, and there was no
aims threaten the country Avith anarchy and other way but to pursue it to the bitter end.
despotism ; and that we feel it to be our im- (Applause.)
Iterative duty as the friends of liberty, law and E. G. Morton, Esq., was next called upon,
stable government to resist with all our power He said he had not expected to be called on
their treasonable purpose, in order to maintain to make a speech, but was never ashamed to
and perpetuate the liberties we enjoy as a speak for his country. (Applause.) Hitherto
people. a sense of security had pervaded the country.
The chairman of the meeting, Judge Wing, To-da}* all the prosperity we have experienced
said he had never stood in the court house is imperiled. This was no time for inflamma-
under circumstances so solemn as these. The tory remarks. The time had come to look
question which presents itself is no less than danger boldly in the face, and be ready to live
whether we arc a free nation, whether we have for and serve our country, if God spares our
a government, whether we are the American lives, and if not to die by that glorious flag
people. Few occasions have occurred when bequeathed us by our fathers. (Loud applause.)
the flag of our country has been trailed ; but William H. Boyd was called upon. He said
now it has been struck by a band of traitors he would not apologize, as he felt it his duty
among our own brethren. There have been when his country calls, to respond. He was
parties, but now there should be no party, no party man, but he had, he trusted, the feel-
This country needed aid. This was the only ings of a patriot. Look at our constitution,
consideration presented. Our flag has been Will you allow it to be rent in pieces ? He
respected in all nations, because we have estab- believed there was a spirit waking in the North
lished a free government and have invited the that would protect and preserve that constitu-
oppressod of all lands to come to our shores, tion. When a time comes like this, it becomes
But treason has reared its head, the President every man to lift up his voice, and if necessary,
calls for help to sustain that flag, and shall it be to lay down his life for his country. We are
sustained? (Applause.) For his part the reso- one and united for our country. Our country
lutions met his hearty approval. noAv and our country forever. (Applause.)
Ira R. Grosvenor was called. He said we Mr. Willets said his feelings had always been
are engaged in no common affair this evening, opposed to war. His ancestry were Quakers.
Civil war has commenced among us. Those But when he heaid the news from Sumter, his
who have forced these troubles upon us have peace principles abdicated. He was now in
construed our troubles into cowardice, but now favor of fighting. He believed in putting down
that the North is aroused they will learn that this rebellion at whatever cost, and at what-
a terrible retribution is at hand, There can ever sacrifice.
THE WAR OF THE REBELLION.
Mayor O'Couuor said the speakers who liacl
preceded him had called the Southern i-ebels
our brethren. He disclaimed their right to be
called 80. By their own traitorous acts they
have severed the connection. No traitor to
this conntry should be called the brother of a
Stephen G. Clarke said vvc meet to-ni^ht on a
common platform, and let us respond to the
traitors in a manner that will send terror to
every heart and convince them that we will
spill every drop of blood in defense of that
flag. (Ap])lause.) He would not discuss the
causes of this rebellion. He was for action.
The enem}' are a])proaching the capitol. They
shall 7iot possess it.
F. M. Winans said he came here with but
one feeling. He had been led to the battle
field under that flag, and he was ready to go
again. He wished to know if others were
ready to go also. [Yes, yes, was responded by
more than a hundred voices.]
(■olonel Smith, of the United States Army,
" Forever float that standard sheet !
Where breathes the foe but falls before u,s,
With Freedom's soil beneath our feet,
And Freedom's banner streaming o'er us I "
He had been in the habit of addressing as-
semblies, but they were military assemblies.
And a military response is what we must make.
The State of Michigan had been called on for
one regiment, but if it were ten the response
would be promptly made, and all would be
found ready to respond with our lives, our
fortunes and our sacred honors.
B. Dansard said it was the first time he had
ever been in such a position, but if he could
say anything, the cause is glorious enough,
God knows. He had lived under that flag —
wished to die under it — and was read}' to do
anything that could be done to sustain it, with
money or with life. (Loud applause.)
Other remarks were made by Prof. Kel-
logg, Dr. Landon, Frank Eeleigh, T. S. Clark,
L. Darrah, J. R. Ranch, N. N. Kendal, and
others, many of whom expressed a willingness
to take to the tented field. The remarks were
received with cheers and applause through-
Mr. N. N. Kendal moved that a committee of
five be appointed to take steps for the organi-
/.ationofa military company here.
The chairman said the resolutions would be
first in order. The motion for their adoption
was put and a unanimous aye was heard from
every throat in the house.
Mr. Kendal's motion was then put and car-
ried, and the chair appointed as the committee,
Messrs. N N. Kendal, T. S. Clark, Capt.
Winans, Colonel .Smith and Constant Luce.
The meeting then adjourned with three
hearty cheers for the stars and stripes.
The military committee as above appointed
had a meeting the next morning and organized
by calling Colonel Smith to the chair, and T. S.
Clark as secretarj'.
It was decided to organize a military com-
pany agreeably to the requisition of the Gov-
ernor, and on motion the instrument pre-
viously drawn up and numerously signed, was
adopted as the basis of organization.
N. N. Kendal was appointed to wait upon
the Governor, and ascertain if money sub-
scribed in this city can be used for the benefit
of the company raised here, and also what
amount would be furnished by the State.
On motion of C. Luce a committee consist-
ing of R. O'Connor, Wm. H. Boyd, J. R.
Eauch, A. E. Bates and Joseph \Yeier was
appointed to solicit subscriptions for the pur-
On motion C. Luce and C. Paulding were
appointed a committee to circulate the roll
for signatures. All persons who had signed
the roll or intended doing so were requested to
meet at the city hall the following morning at
The roll had already been signed by some
twenty-five or thirty citizens.
THE SMITH GUARDS.
The organization of the military company
enrolled in this city, was perfected on Satur-
day evening, April 20, 1861, by the election of
the following officers:
Captain, Constant Luce; first lieutenant, John M.
Oliver; second lieutenant, A. M. Rose; third lieu-
tenant, L DifFenbaugh.
A resolution was then passed that the com-
pany be known as the "Smith Guards," in
honor of our fellow-townsman, Colonel Smith,
of the United States Army. The company
was feelingly addressed by Colonel Smith,
HISTORY OF MONROE COUNTY, MICHIGAN.
thanking them for the honor conferred by
Three hearty cheers were then given for
the Union, and three more for Colonel Smith,
and the meeting adjourned.
The Smith Guards, having been ordered into
camp at Adrian, left Wednesday, May 29, 1861.
They were accompanied by the fire department
and a large number of other citizens. The
largest crowd assembled in a long time, was at
the depot to see them off. The city seemed to
be out en masse, together with many people
from the country. There w^ere some affecting
scenes and moist eyes, as mothers bid good-bye
to their sons, sisters to their brothers, etc.
The companj^ were in good spirits, and went
"with the hearty good wishes of all, that health
and success might attend them.
We publish a full list of the officers and men
composing the Smith Guards, the roll having
been filled up to an hundred and one:
Captain, C. Luce ; first lieutenant, John M. Oliver;
second lieutenant, A. M. Eose; third lieutenant, I.
First Sergeant, George Spaulding; second sergeant,
George Bradford; third sergeant, John Adams; fourth
sej-geant, J. Redfield; fifth sergeant, Con. Paulding.
First Corporal, W, Paulding; second corporal A. H.
Bowen; third corporal, F. B. Gale; fourth corporal,
R. R. Lassey.
C. F. Austin.
L. F. Cisco.
E. M. Avery.
N. E. Baker.
AVm. H. Duffield.
S. D. Plues.
G. D. Paul.
A. R. Knobe.
M. W. Hall.
C. A. Wells.
B. F. Nelson.
E. C. Stoddard.
G. W. Beeman.
G. W. Olney.
G. W. Owen.
A. E. Bates.
J. F. Hoffman.
S. S. Couture.
E. M. Billings.
W. C. Brown.
Chas. H. Ladd.
G. E. Choate.
W. C. Watson.
H. L. Stoddard.
Wm. H. Gibson.
S. S. Parker.
S. M. Kidder.
S. R, Carney.
W. H. Eaton.
PRESENTATION OP COLORS TO THE SMITH GUARDS.
The stand of colors prepared for the Smith
Guards b}' the ladies of the city, was pre-
sented on Tuesday afternoon. May 21, 1861.
The guards paraded on the Court House
square, in their new uniform, making a very
fine appearance. The uniform was of gray
cassimere— frock coats, pants with a red stripe
on the legs, and cap of the same gray material
with gilt trimming. The uniform was neat
and tasteful, and gave the company a very sol-
A very large concourse of people, a large
proportion of whom were ladies, assembled on
the square, to witness the ceremony of the
presentation. Mr. H. P. Vrooman acted as
marshal of the day, and at the appointed time
announced that Professor Kellogg, of the
Young Ladies Seminary, would make the pre-
At the conclusion of the address by Prof.
Kellogg, which was listened to with attention
by all who were fortunate enough to get within
hearing distance, the colors were presented to
Captain Luce by the hand of Mrs. Paulding.
Captain Luce, upon receiving them, made
some appropriate remarks, thanking the ladies,
iti behalf of the companj^, for the colors, and
for all the kindly interest they had taken in'
the company's welfare and comfort.
Professor Chamberlin, with a number of
young ladies from the seminary, then sang
The Star Spangled Banner, with good effect.
Judge Christiancy was then introduced, who
addressed the company in some patriotic and
feeling remarks, which met with a hearty re-
sponse in the hearts of all his listeners.
THE WAR OF THE REBELLION.
It was then announced that a number of
young ladies had prepared a supply of neck-
ties and housewives for the members of the
company, and Mr. E. G. Morton made some
remarks on behalf of the young ladies pre-
senting them. Five young ladies then ad-
vanced to the ranks and presented each soldier
with a neck-lie, and a housewife well stored
with thread, needles, pins, buttons, etc., which
were found of great convenience and utility
in camp life.
At the close of the exercises, the blessing of
the Great Euler of the Universe was asked
upon the company by Kev. E. J. Boyd.
THE MONROE LADIES' SOLDIERS' AID SO-
A committee of ladies met at the residence
of Mrs. J. M. Oliver, Monday evening, Jul}^ 29,
1861, and organized a society to be called the
Monroe Ladies' Soldiers' Aid Society, having
for its object the furnishing of such hospital
supplies and other necessaries as are known
not to be provided by the general govern-
The following ladies were chosen officers of
the society :
President — Mrs. George Landon.
Vice President— Mrs. F. M. Winans.
Treasurer — Miss Augusta Lewis.
Corresponding Secretary — Mrs. L. S. Stevens.
They also appointed an executive committee
The Smith Guards were requested during
drill to form in front of the Presbyterian
Church, which they did, and each soldier was
presented with a testament by the infant class
of the Sabbath School.
Another presentation was made to them at
the seminary, being a Havelock cap-cover for
each officer and soldier, by the young ladies
of the seminauy and some others of the city.
This, we imagine, proved one of the most
valuable articles that had been furnished them.
The Monroe Ladies' Soldiers' Aid Societ}",
from its organization to the close of the war,
with untiring energy, perseverance and genu-
ine patriotism, accomplished the grand purjDose
of their organization— stimulated the boys in
blue to renewed exertions and heroic conduct
by their constant contributions for their com-
fort in the tented field, reminded of the fact
that they were remembered in great kindness by
loving hearts at home, and while fticing disease
and danger and death, were comforted with
the consciousness they were remembered in
the prayers and kindness of those they had
left behind them.
No part of the grand and multiform work of
the suppression of the Rebellion and the pres-
ervation of the Union will stand out in histor}^
more noble and heroic, than will that borne by
the \oyii], Christian women of the United
States, in the moral and phj-sical care of the
soldiers of the Union. It is without a parallel
in human experience in the magnitude and
munificence of the provision.
It is due as simple justice to the mcmor}^ of
Florence Nightingale, and the true women of
England who co-operated in her heroic and un-
precedented work during the Crimean war, to
say here that their noble example operated
largely in suggesting the more ample and ex-
tended service of their worthy American sis-
It would not be possible to describe the aid
and comfort given by that branch of the coun-
try's patriotic army. Many have recognized
with grateful hearts what was done in that di-
rection by the loyal women of Monroe, city
and county, which ma}^ be taken as but a sam-
ple of like devotion throughout the loyal
LIST OF VOLU^^TEERS FURNISHED BY MON-
The following list is made up from "Michi-
gan in the War" and the reports of the Adju-
tant General, and shows the name, com])any
and regiment of men who enlisted in Michigan
Eegiments from Monroe county, and the casu-
alties, etc., so far as reported, but does not show
the enlistments from Monroe county in regi-
ments raised in other States, and the author
was unable to find any records from which he
could obtain the enlistments last mentioned.
The First Regiment of three-months men were
mustered out of service, and no record was
kept of their residence, and the Adjutant Gen-
eral, in his report for 1862, says, " The ordinary
records of enlistments furnish no information
of the residence of volunteers, and it became
necessary to jDrocure it as regards those in ser-
vice from the regiments in the field. The dif-
ficulty and delay attending tiiis labor, especially
HISTORY OF MONROE COUNTY, MICHIGAN.
in such a period of active service as existed
during the summer months, will be readily un-
derstood." "In the cases of old regiments,
the casualties of months or a year of active
service had taken from the ranks hundreds of
men whose names were on the rolls, and whose
residence it was sought to determine." From
the foregoing explanation of the Adjutant
General it is apparent that there must necessa-
rily be many omissions and mistakes in the
list given below. Some of the German and
French names ax-e spelled so differently in the
various reports made to the Adjutant General
that they can hardly be recognized, and in the
casualties the author found numerous cases
where a soldier was reported in 1862, as having
died in action; in 1868, as discharged for dis-
ability : as transferred in 1864, and discharged
at expiration of service in 1865. In such cases
only the reports that do not conflict are given,
and in cases where they conflict the last report
is given. In many cases the author was una-
ble to find an explanation or remarks, and in
others only " missing in action," which, on in-
vestigation, he found so unreliable that he has
Abbreviationfi — The following are the words abbreviated in
the rosters: Adjt., Adjutant; asst., assistant; bat., battery;
cav., cavalry ; cap., captured ; col., colonel ; capt., captain ;
Corp. corporal ; CO., company; dis., discharged ; disab., dis-
ability; e., enlisted; exp., expiration; gen., general ; H. A.,
heavy artillery ; inf., infantry ; lieut., lieutenant; m. o., mus-
tered out; pro., promoted; res., resigned; sergt., sergeant;
surg., surgeon; trans., transferred; U.S. V., United States Vol-
unteers; vet., veteran or veteraned.
Adams, James F., 2d heut. 15th Inf.; e. Jan. 1, 1862;
pro. capt. Oct. 1, 1862; wounded in action at Cor-
inth, Miss.. Oct. 1, 1862; res. Mar. 4, 1863.
Adams, John Q., 2d lieut. 15th Inf.; e. Jan. 27, 1862;
pro. capt. Oct. 1, 1862; res. June 18, 1864.
Anderson, John C, Monroe ; e. Oct. 21, 1861 ; sergt.
CO. D, 7th Inf. ; pro. 2d lieut. Dec. 18, 1864; m. o.
July 5, 1865.
Antrian, Patrick, Monroe ; e. IMarch 10, 106.3 ; sergt.
CO. D, 9th Cav. ; pro. 2d liciut. Oct. 26, 1864; not
mustered as an officer ; dis. July 21, 1865.
Avery, Amos I., LaSalle ; 1st lieut. 11th Cav., Aug.
1, 1863: res. Oct. 11, 1864.
Allen, Linten H., co. A, 4th Int.; dis. for disab.
Sept. 27, 1862.
Austin, Charles F., co. A, 4th Inf.; killed at Mal-
vern Hill, Va., July 1, 1862.
Ausel, Henry J., co. A, 4th Inf.; dis. at exp. of ser-
vice, June 30, 1864.
Austin, Lorenzo D., co. G, 4th Inf.; dis. for disab.
Oct. 27, 1862.
Anteau, Patrick, co. D, 7th Inf.
Arnold, James H., co. D, 7th Inf.
Arnold, Thomas, co. D, 7th Inf.; dis. at exp. of ser-
vice, Aug. 22, 1864.
Anderson, John C, co. D, 7th Inf.; dis. to re-enlist
as vet. Dec. 18, 1863.
Abernethy, Alexander, co. D, 7th Inf.
Armstrong, Oscar E., co. D, 7th Inf.; dis. for disab.
Feb. 8, 1862.
Adee, William co. I, 11th Inf.; died of disease May
Apell, Moses, co. K, llth Inf.; dis. at exp. of ser-
vice, Sept. 30, 1864.
Arponteney, Thomas, co. B, 15th Inf.; dis. to re-
enlist as vet. Jan. ], 1864; dis. by order, Sept. 11, '65.
Arquette, Alexander, co. B, 15th Inf.; died of dis-
ease at Grand Junction, Miss., Jan. 16, 1863.
Anklebrandt, John, co. E, 15th Inf.; dis. for disab.
March 6, 1863.
Allen, James, co. F, 15ih Inf.; dis. for disab. June
Amand, Louis, co. G, 15th Inf.
Anderson, William, co. K, 15th Inf.; died of dis-
ease at Monroe, Mich., Oct. 1, 1862.
Aselstein, Darius, co. G, 16th Inf.; dis. by order,
Aug. 12, 1865.
Alger, Abraham, co. I, 17th Inf.; died of disease.
Arnold, Lewis, co. B, 17th Inf.; trans, to 2d Mich.
Arno, Lewis, co. E, 17th Inf.; trans, to 2d Mich. Inf.
Antya, William, co. E, 17th Inf.; trans, to 2d
Austin, Benjamin, co. I, 17th Inf.
Armstrong, John S., co. K, 18th Inf.; trans, to 9tli
Allen, Charles, co. G, 18th Inf.; m. o. June 26, 1865.
Austin, Henry K., co. H, 18th Inf.; dis. by order
July 10, 1864.*
Austin, Otis, co. H, 18th Inf.; died of disease at
Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 22, 1864.
Adams, James, co. D, 24th Inf.; m.o. June 30, 1865.
Anderson, James, co. I, 24th Inf.; m. o. June 30,
Armstrong, William A., co. G, 24th Inf.; dis. for
disab. Nov. 26, 1863.
Alfred, George, co. D, 102d U. S. C. T.; m. o. Sept.
Anderson, George, co. G, 102d U. S. C. T.; m. o.
Sept. 30, 1865.
Allen, Jerome, co. K, 1st Cav.; dis. at exp. of ser-
vice, Aug. 22, 1864.
Austin, Edwin I., co. A, 4th Cav.; dis. for disab.
Aug. 13, 1863.
Allison, Horatio N., co. B, 5th Cav.
Allison, George S., co. B, 5th Cav.; killed at Win-
chester, Va., Sept. 19, 1864.
Adams, Lewis, co. I, 5th Cav.
Alexander, Thomas M., co. D, 9th Cav.; trans, to
V. R. C, Jan. 15, 1864.
Ayers, Silas, co. L, 1st Engineers and Mechanics;
trans, to V. R. C, April 10, 1864.
Babcock, Albert H., Dundee; 1st lieut. 18tli Inf.,
July 27, 1862; pro. capt., April 5, 1864; m. o. June
THE WAR OF THE REBELLION.
Baldwin, G. Ronieyn, o. Monroe, Jan. 20, 1863;liosp.
steward, l<Sth Inf.; asst. snro;., May II, 18r>:5; ra. (..
June 2(), LSda.
Barnaby, Charles W., e. Monroe, 2d. lieut. l.ith Inf.
Jan. 1, 18()2; pro. capt. Oct. 1, 18r)2; killed in action
before Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 13, 1864.
Barnaby, Albert G., Bedford; e. Aug. 9, 1862; sergt.
maj. 20th Inf.; pro. 1st lieut. May 12, 1864; not mas-
tered as an officer; died at his home, July 29, 1864,
of wounds received in action June 2, 1864.
Bell, John, Monroe; e. Nov. 14, 1861; sergt. co. K,
15th Inf.; pro. 1st lieut. Oct. 1, 1862; capt. Aug. Ill,
1863; major, Jan. 21, 186.5; brev. lieut.-col. \\ S. V.
May 24, 1865, " for gallant and meritorious services
during the war;" m. o. Aug. 13, 1865.
Beisel, William H., Exeter; e. Aug. 14, 1862; sergt.
CO. K, ,18th Inf.; pro. 2d lieut. Jan. 24, 1865; ni. o.
June 26, 1865.
Bigelow, Abram, Berlin; e. Aug. 15, 1862; sergt. co.
G, 21st Inf.; pro. 1st lieut. Dec. 2, 1863; taken pris-
oner, March 10, 1865; paroled, April, 1S65; dis.
May 15, 186.5.
Bisbee, Charles E., Monroe; e. March 15, 1865; sergt.
ma). 15th Inf.; pro. 1st lieut. March 30, 1865; m. o.
Aug. 13, 1866.
Boardman, George M., e. Petersburg; capt. 15th Inf.,
January 1, 1862; died at St. Louis, Mo., April 6, '64.
Bowlsby, George W., e. Monroe; capt. 15th Inf., .Tan.
1, 1862; res. April 18, 1862.
Bowen, Adna H., e. Monroe; 2d lieut. 15th Inf., Jan.
31, 1862; pro. 1st lieut. Oct. 1, 1862; res. March 30,
1863; capt. 11th Cav. Aug. 1, 1863; pro. and trans.
as maj. 6th U. S. C. T. Oct. 21, 1864; no further
Bowen, George W., co. A, 4t.h Inf.
Bradford, George W., Monroe; e. June 20, 1861, as
sergt. CO. A, 4th Inf.; pro. 2d lieut, Sept. 13, 1862;
m. o. June 30, 1864.
Brigham, Mathie V., Newport; e. November 30, 1862;
sergt. maj. 8th Cav.; pro. 2d lieut. Jan. 8, 1865; m. o.
Sept. 22, 1865.
Brown, William C, Monroe; e. June 20, 1861, sergt.
maj. 4th Inf.; pro. 2d Ueut. Jan. 1, 1862; 1st lieut.
Sept. 13, 1862; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July
2, 1863; m. o. June 30, 1865.
Bryant, Stephen O., Bedford; e. Aug. 5, 1862, sergt;
CO. C, 20th Inf.; pro. 2d lieut. May 17, 1865; not
mustered as an officer; dis. May 30, 1865,
Billings, Edgar M., co A, 4th Inf.; dis. to re-enlist
as vet. Dec. 29, 1863.
Beaman, George W., co. A, 4th Inf.; dis. at exp. of
service, June 30, 1864.
Benderitter, Frank, co. A, 4th Inf.; dis. at exp. of
service, June 30, 1864.
Branner, Charles, co. A, 4th Inf.; killed in the
Wilderness, Va., May 7, 1864.
Brimingstall, H. J., co. A, 4th Inf.; dis. at exp. of
service, June 30, 1864,
Bisbee, Charles A., co. A, 4th Inf.; dis. for disab.
Oct. 15, 1802.
Baker, I., co. A. 4th Inf.
Bronson, Edwin, co. A, 4tli Inf.; rlis. for disab.
May 14, 1864.
Benson, Adelbert, co. A, 4th Inf.; killed at Gettys-