Kahle, "Dutch" Thomas, Linus Purdy. David Welch, Bob
Brown and George Tebo.
290 DARKE COUNTY
John Schiiaiise would have been credited to the list of vol-
unteers above named, but he enlisted in an Iowa regiment,
and at that time was a resident of the Hawkeye state. I doubt
if any other town can show the same percentage of enlistment
as that one little spot in Darke county.
:le ;}: :lf J}: * * *
Then why shouldn't I always be proud of the fact that I
was a member of the "tribe of Huntertown." The founder of
the "town" himself (George Hunter) had been a soldier in
Great Britain. So as a military center "Huntertown" is not to
be "sneezed" at.
Studabaker School House.
No one has dared to tear down that old school house — a
brick one at that, and the first brick school house in Darke
county. Where are the boys and girls who once learned to
"figger" there as far and no farther than the "Rule of three?"
Webster's Elementary Speller, with its "in-com-pre-hen-si-
bil-i-ty" words — to all but the older schloars — was the great-
est book of its day in any school. The spelling matches of
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
fifty years ago are as potential in my mind now as they were
then. The recollection of those days has found a tender spot
in the heart of George Studabaker and he has kept them in-
tact. Money can not buy them nor modern ideas efface their
historic caste as long as he lives. I hope he will make a hun-
dred years beg his pardon as they pass by.
The Old "Fordin'."
There isnt' one of the "old boys" of Greenville but will re -
gret to learn that the old sycamore tree that stood on the
north side of Greenville creek at the "fordin' " was blown
down by a storm this week, and floated down creek. Under
the shade of that old tree the "kids" of the town used to go in
swimming, piling their "duds" on the beautiful lawn on the
bank. In that old swimmin' hole about all the boys in Green-
ville in the days of forty years ago. learned to swim. The
bottom of the creek was always delightful at this point, and
the depth of water varied from "knee deep to neck," just the
sort of place for amateur swimmers. Fifty yards down the
stream is where they would go for "crawdads," after swim-
ming was over for the day; and just above the "swimmin'
hole" was a small district that was literally lined with stone
toters, sucker fish and leeches; and it was always the "un-
DARKE COUNTY 291
tutored" lad who ventured into that district ; and when he did
he invariably came out calling for help. "Come take these
leeches off'n me quick !" After two or three years' sojourn in
this place, the boys who had become expert swimmers — that
is, could "float with both feet off the bottom," why they would
move on up creek a few rods further, to the Morningstar and
Seitz swimmin' holes, and their places at the old fordin' would
be taken by the ever-coming and anxious new kids. Several
limbs of the old tree hung out over the deep water, and the
just-learning-to-swim boy would grab a limb and use it as
a derrick to lift him up and down in the deep water. It was a
brave lad who could make his own way out to these limbs
from the shallow water on the south side of the creek. My,
how many changes have taken place around that old swim-
min' hole ; in fact all along the old creek's banks in that
neighborhood! The sites of the old ice house, slaughter-
house, tannery, etc., have given way to cozy homes and beau-
DARKE COUNTY DURING THE CIVIL WAR.
We have noted the mixed character of Darke county's
early population, its early isolation, and backward develop-
ment. By 1860, however, great improvements had been made,
railway and telegraphic communications had been established
with the older communities and the weekly "Democrat" and
"Journal" kept the people well informed on the happenings
of the outside world as well as on those of a local nature.
The firing on Fort Sumpter, on April 12, 1861, and Lincoln's
first call for volunteer troops on April 15, 1861, were soon
heralded in Greenville. Had the inhabitants been imbued
with the spirit of national patriotism, and would they respond
to the President's appeal?" An extract from Beer's "His-
tory of Darke County'' answers these questions and gives
a graphic description of the enthusiasm of the times. "The
response from Darke county was prompt, determined and
practical. Union meetings were held at Greenville, Union
and Hill Grove. Speeches, fervent and patriotic, were de-
livered, and within a few days three full companies of volun-
teers had been raised. On Wednesday afternoon of April
24, three companies had left the county — two from Green-
ville, led by Capts. Frizell and Newkirk, and one from Union,
under Capt. Cranor, aggregating full three hundred men.
These troops were mustered into the United States service
as Companies C, I and K of the Eleventh Ohio, and on April
29, went into Camp Denison, where they rapidly learned the
discomforts and expedients of military life, shouting and
cheering as they marked the arrival of fresh bodies of im-
provised troops. At home, the people manifested their zeal
by generous contributions for the support of soldiers' fami-
lies. One hundred and sixty citizens of Darke are named
in the Greenville Journal of May 8, for a sum subscribed to
that end of $2,500. The mothers, daughters and sisters sent
to camp boxes of provisions ; the men freely contributed of
their means to aid the loyal cause. Bull Run was fought, and
soon three months had gone by and the volunteers return-
ing to Greenville were discharged only to re-enter the ser-
vice for a longer term. Two companies were soon ready for
294 DARKE COUNTY
the field. As the magnitude of the struggle developed, the
people of Darke county became yet more resolute in their de-
sire to assist in restoring the union of the States. ^Meetings
continued to be held ; addresses full of fervid appeals were ut-
tered, and a continuous stream of men gathered into camps,
were organized and moved southward. The enlistments in
the fall of 1861 were for three years. The Fortieth Regiment
contained about two hundred men from Darke. In the Thir-
ty-fourth was a company of eighty-four men who were sent
with their regiment to \\'estern \'irginia. In the Forty-
fourth, a company went out under Capt. J. AI. Xewkirk. On
October 28, the ladies of Greenville met at the court house
and organized as "The Ladies' Association of Greenville for
the relief of the Darke County Volunteers." They appoint-
ed as ofificers, President, Mrs. A. G. Putnam ; secretary, Mrs.
J. N. Beedle, and treasurer, Mrs. J. L. \\'inner, and formed
a committee to solicit donations of money and clothing.
Public meetings continued to be held at various points ; re-
cruiting was stimulated, and on November 6, it was reported
that the county had turned out 200 volunteers within twenty
days. Letters came from men in the field descriptive of
arms, tents, rations, incidents and marches. Novelty excited
close observation, and there were reports of duties, health,
and all too soon came back the news of death. Heavy tidings
is always that of death, and a sad duty to the comrade to
tell it to the one watching and waiting at home. This was
often done with a tact, a kindness, a language that honored the
soldier writer, and tended to assuage the grief of the recip-
ient. Such was the letter penned by Thomas R. Smiley, of
the Thirt3'-fourth, from Camp Red House, West Virginia,
to Mrs. Swartz, telling of her son's death, by fever, and clos-
.ing with these words: "Hoping and praying that God will
sustain you in your grief, I most respectfully subscribe myself
your friend in sorrow." No wonder the right triumphed, up-
held by men of such Christian and manly principles.
"The families of soldiers began in midwinter to suffer, and
the following extract from the letter of a wife to her hus-
band, a volunteer from Darke county, will show a trial among
others borne by the soldier in the sense of helplessness to
aid his loved ones. It is commended to the perusal of any
who think war a pastime. She wrote: "I have so far been
able to support myself and our dear children, with the help
that the relief committee gave me : hut I am now unable to
DARKE COUNTY 295
work, and the committee has ceased to reliexe me. I am
warned that I will have to leave the comfortable home which
you left us in, and I will have to scatter the children. Where
will I go and what will become of me? Don't leave without
permission, as it would only be giving your life for mine. I
will trust to God and live in hope, although things look very
discouraging. Do the best you can, and send money as soon
as possible." During the earlier part of the war, letters told
of minor matters, but later accounts were brief and freighted
heavily with tidings of battles, wounds and deaths.
"In July, 1862, the clouds of war hung heavy with disaster.
East and West, terrible battles were fought, and the South-
erners, with a desperate, honorable courage, forced their way
into Alaryland and Kentucky. New troops volunteered by
thousands, and joined the veterans to roll back the tide of in-
vasion. At the time, John L. A\'inner was Chairman of the
Military Committee of Darke county, whose proportion of
the call for 40,000 men from the State was 350 men for three
years. The following shows by townships the number of
electors, volunteers and those to raise :
Electors. Volunteers. To raise.
Greenville 925 175 10
German 265 27 27
Washington 255 38 13
Harrison 370 40 34
Butler 310 21 43
Neave 200 17 23
Richland 193 12 27
Wayne 325 65
Twin 350 32 38
Adams 320 37 27
Brown 215 27 16
Jackson 260 31 21
Monroe 175 24 11
York 120 9 15
Van Buren 200 32 8
Allen 95 10 9
Mississinewa 130 15 11
Franklin 170 29 5
Patterson 125 32
Wabash 110 12 10
Total 5,113 6S5 348
296 DARKE COUNTY
This table, while creditable to all. is especially so to Wayne
and Patterson. Mass meetings were called, volunteers urged to
come forward, bounties were offered, and responding to call
by Gov. Tod, the militia was ordered enrolled. Along in
August, recruiting proceeded rapidly ; young and middle-aged
flocked to the camps, and soon four companies (three of the
94th and one of the 110th) were off to the camp at Piqua. On
September 3. 1862, eight townships had exceeded their quota.
There were 4,903 men enrolled and 201 to be raised by draft.
Successive calls found hearty responses. In May. 1864, three
townships had filled their quotas, and the draft called for 185
"The services of the military committee of Darke deserving
of honorable record is hereby acknowledged by a list as it
was at the close of 1863 : Daniel R. Davis, Capt. Charles Cal-
kins, Capt. B. B. Allen and W. M. Wilson, secretary.
How well Darke county stood at the close of the war may
be learned from the following statistics : The quota of the
county in December, 1864, was 455. Of these, 384 volun-
teered, 24 were drafted, and 408 furnished. Over 1.500 vol-
unteers were out from the county. It is a pleasing duty to
briefly place upon the pages of home history a record of
those regiments wherein Darke county men rendered service
to their country. Brief though it be. it is a worthy meed of
The demonstrations attending the de])arture and return
of the troops during the war can scarcely be imagined by
one who has never witnessed such a scene. On the day of
departure the soldiers from various parts of the county would
assemble in the public square around the old court house.
Fathers, mothers, wives, sweethearts and large numbers of
children accompanied them and bid them "good bye" with
hugs, kisses, tears and "God bless you." AVhen the time
for departure arrived the companies fell in and marched south
on Broadway to Third street and then east on the latter
street one block to the station of the Dayton & Union rail-
way, on the southwest corner of Third and Walnut streets,
where they embarked for Columbus, or the place of encamp-
The history of the various regiments which were com-
posed partly of companies from Darke county would make
intensely interesting reading, but. on account of the volume
of such material and the limited space at the disposal of the
writer the reader must be content with a brief s'.:etch of each
Eleventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
Three companies of this regiment were recruited in Darke
county, in response to the first call in April, 1861, to serve
three months. Company C was first commanded by Capt.
J. W. Frizell, who was succeeded by R. A. Knox, with C. Cal-
kins and Thos. McDowell as lieutenants. Company K was
organized by M. Newkirk with H. C. Angel and Wesley Gor-
such as lieutenants. They joined the regiment at Camp
Jackson (now Goodale Park), Columbus, O. Co. I was or-
ganized at Union City, Ohio, under Captain Jonathan Cranor.
Before seeing service the regiment was re-organized on June
20th, mustered in for three years, and sent in July on a
scout up the Kanawha during which the Colonel of the regi-
ment was captured. Lieutenant-Colonel Frizell, of Greenville,
then took charge of the regiment and soon set out for Charles-
Ion. On the advance they drove the enemy from their
works at Tyler Mound, and with much difficulty pursued
them to Gauley Bridge. They participated in two skirmishes,
near New River in August, during which one man was killed
and several wounded. Winter quarters were established at
Point Pleasant early in December and here the troops remained
until April 16, 1862, when an advance was made to Gauley
Bridge. In August the Eleventh was moved to Parkers-
burg, and took rail for ^^^ashingto^, D, C. going into camp
near Alexandria. From this point they proceeded beyond
Fairfax Station in an attempt to stay the Confederate ad-
vance from Manassas, but were compelled to fall back within
the defenses at Washington. In September the Eleventh
advanced into Maryland, where they successfully engaged
the enemy near Frederick City, Sharpsburg and Antietam
Creek. On October 8, they began a rough march to Hagers-
town, Md., from which point they were transported to Clarks-
burg. Here they suffered from exposure in November on
account of shortage in tents, blankets and clothing. Later
they were sent to an outpost in the Kanawha valley where
they erected good winter quarters and recovered strength
for the coming campaign. Part of the regiment remained
stationed at this post while another part guarded the Gauley
fords. In January, 1863, the command under Gen. Cook was
transferred to Nashville, Tenn., via the Ohio and Cumberland
298 DARKE COUNTY
rivers. From this point tiiey proceeded to Carthage, forti-
fied their position, endeavored to counteract the advance of
the Confederates in that region. On May 27, they marched
to Murfreesboro, and were placed in the Third Division,
Fourteenth Army Corps, under Gen. George H. Thomas.
From this time the regiment bore an honorable part of the
following engagements: Hoover's Gap, Tenn., June 25, 1863;
Tullahoma, Tenn., July 1, 1863; Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19-20,
1863 ; Lookout Mountain, Tenn., Nov. 24, 1863 ; Mission
Ridge, Tenn.. Nov. 25. 1863; Ringgold. Ga., Nov. 27, 1863;
Buzzard Roost, Ga., Feb. 25, 1864; Resaca, Ga., May 16, 1864.
The original members of this regiment (except veterans)
were mustered out in June, 1864, by reason of expiration of
term of service. The veterans and recruits consolidated into
a battalion and remained in service until June 11. 1865.
The Thirty-Fourth Regiment.
Company K composed of eighty-four men was enlisted by
Capt. Thos. R. Smiley from Darke county, and regularly
mustered into service at Camp Dennison, Sept. 10, 1861, for
a term of three years. The regiment was ordered into West-
ern Virginia, and posted at Gauley Bridge. It was engaged
in the following battles : Princeton, Fayetteville, Cotton
Hill, Charlestown. Buffalo, Wytheville, Averill's Raid, Pan-
ther Gap. Lexington and Beverl}' in West Virginia ; ^Manassas
Gap, Cloyd's Mountain. Clove IMountain, Piedmont, Buchanan,
Otter Creek, Lynchburg, Liberty. Salem. Snicker's Gap,
Winchester, Kernstown. Summit Point, Halltown, Berry-
ville, Martinsburg, Opequan, Fisher's Hill, Strasburg and
Cedar Creek in A^irginia and Monocacy Gap, Md.
The Fortieth Ohio Infantry.
This regiment was organized at Camp Chase in the fall of
1861 to serve three years. All of Companies E and G, the
greater portion of Company I, and parts of F and K of this
organization were recruited from Darke county. The fol-
lowing men from this county served as officers in this regi-
Jonathan Cranor, colonel ; resigned.
James B. Creviston, adjutant; resigned.
Harrison E. McClure, adjutant; mustered out.
William H. Matchett, assistant surgeon ; mustered out.
DARKE COUNTY 299
John D. Gennett, captain of Company E; resigned.
Charles G. Alatchett, captain of Company G; mustered out.
Andrew R. Calderwood, Captain of Company I ; resigned.
Wm. C. Osgood, first lieutenant of Company E, promoted
to captain; resigned.
James Allen, promoted to captain from sergeant ; mustered
Clement Snodgrass, promoted to captain from sergeant ;
killed at Peach Tree Creek, July 21, 1864.
Benjamin F. Snodgrass, promoted to first lieutenant from
sergeant : killed at Chickamauga. September 20, 1864.
Cyrenius Van ^^later, first lieutenant of Company G ; killed
John T. Ward, second lieutenant of Company E ; resigned.
William Bonner, second lieutenant of Company G ; re-
J. W. Smth, second lieutenant of Company I, promoted to
first lieutenant, then to Captain ; mustered out.
John P. Frederick, first lieutenant of Company F ; re-
John M. Wasson, promoted to second lieutenant ; mustered
David Krouse, second lieutenant of Company F. promoted
to first lieutenant ; mustered out.
Isaac N. Edwards, sergeant, promoted to lieutenant : mus-
James A Fisher, sergeant, promoted to lieutenant ; mustered
This regiment left Camp Chase for Kentucky December
17, 1861. During the war it bore an honorable part in the
following conflicts : Middle Creek, Ky., Pound Gap, Ky.,
Franklin River, Tenn., Tullahoma Campaign, Tenn., Chick-
amauga, Ga., Lookout Mountain, Tenn., Mission Ridge,
Tenn., Ringgold, Ga., Resaca, Ga., Dallas, Ga., Kenesaw
Mountain, Ga., Peach Tree Creek, Ga., siege of Atlanta, Ga.,
Jonesboro, Ga., Lovejoy Station, Ga., and Franklin, Tenn.
The Forty-Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
Capt. John M. Newkirk who had organized Companv K of
the Eleventh Regiment for three months' service, as before
noted, left that organization when it was reorganized and later
became Captain of Company G of the Forty-Fourth Regi-
300 DARKE COUNTY
ment. which was mustered into service at Camp Clark,
Springfield, Ohio, in October, 1861, to serve three years. It
soon began service in West Virginia, where winter quarters
were established. The principal engagements in which this
regiment took part were Lewisbnrg, W. Va., May 23, 1862,
and Button's Hill, Ky., March 30, 1863.
In January, 1864, its designation was changed to the Eighth
Regiment Ohio Cavalry.
Eighth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.
As above mentioned, this organization was the successor
of the 44th Regiment O. V. I., from which it was formed in
January, 1864. This regiment was retained in service until
Julv 30, 1865. During its short term of existence it took part
in the following engagements ; Covington, Otter Creek,
Lynchburg, Liberty, Winchester, Fisher's Hill, North Shen-
andoah and Cedar Creek, Virginia ; ]\Iartinsburg and Beverly,
W. Va. It was mustered out at Clarksburg, W. Va.
Sixty-Ninth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
Two companies of this regiment were recruited in Darke
county. Company D under Capt. Eli Hickcox, and Company E
under Capt. David Putnam. Jas. Devor and Jas. Wharry also
served as Captain of Company D during the course of the
war : Jas. Tip King and Wm. S. Mead as first lieutenants ;
J. \\'. Shively and Wm. J. Faulkner as second lieutenants.
Geo. W. Moore and Nelson T. Chenoweth served as Captains,
John M. Boatman, Jacob J. Rarick and Jacob Leas as first
lieutenants in Company E. Captain Hickcox was promoted
to Major. L. E. Chenoweth was promoted from private in
Company E to quartermaster sergeant. J. T. King to first lieu-
tenant ; A. N. Wilson from private to Hospital Steward. This
regiment was organized in the state of Ohio at large, from
October, 1861, to April, 1862, to serve three years. On the
expiration of its term of service the original members fexcept
veterans) were mustered out, and the organization composed
of veterans and recruits, remained in the service until July
This organization took creditable part in the following en-
gagements : Gallatin, Stone River, Chickamauga and Mis-
sion Ridge, Tenn. ; Resaca, Dallas, Pumpkin Vine Creek,
Kenesaw Mountain, ^Tarietta. Chattahoochie River. Peach
DARKE COUNTY 301
Tree Creek, Atlanta and at Jonesboro and Savannah. Ga., on
Sherman's march to the sea. Their last engagement was at
Bentonville, N. C.
The Ninety-Fourth Ohio Volunteers.
This regiment was organized at Camp Piqua, some three
miles above Piqua, Ohio, on the farm originally owned by
Col. John Johnson, to serve three years with Col. Joseph \\'.
Frizell, of Greenville, as commander. Three companies were
enrolled from Darke county as follows : Company F, with
Thos. H. ^^'orkman as captain, W. H. Snyder, first lieutenant
and H. A. Tomilson, second lieutenant; Company I, with
Wesley Gorsuch as captain, G. D. Farrar, first lieutenant,
Chas. R. Moss, second lieutenant ; Company K, with Chaun-
cy Riffle as captain, Samuel T. Armold, first lieutenant, ]\I. G.
Aladdox, second lieutenant. Before being equipped they were
hurried to Lexington, Ky., late in August, 1862, and on Au-
gust 31, became engaged at Tate's Ferry. During the course
of the war they engaged creditably in the following battles :
Perryville, Ky. ; Stone River, Tenn. ; Tullahoma Campaign,
Tenn. ; Dug Gap, Chickamauga, Ga. ; Lookout Mountain, Mis-
sion Ridge, Tenn. ; Buzzard's Roost, Resaca, Pumpkin Vine
Creek, Dallas, Kenesaw jMountain, Smyrna Camp Ground,
Chattahoochie River, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta and Jones-
boro, Ga. ; Bentonville, N. C. ; and Johnson's Surrender.
One Hundred and Tenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
\\'as organized at Camp Piqua. in August, 1862. and con-
tained two companies from Darke county, Joseph C. Snod-
grass being captain of one. Col. J. W. Keifer was in com-
mand. This regiment was ordered to Parkersburg, Va., Oc-
tober 19th. It served honorably in the following battles :
LInion Alills, Winchester Heights, Stevenson's Depot, Wap-
ping Heights, Brandy Station, Orange Grove. Wilderness,
Spottsylvania C. H., New River, Cold Harbor, Petersburg,
Ream's Station, Snicker's Gap, Charleston, Halltowai, Smith-
field, Opequan. Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, Cedar Springs,
Petersburg, Jetlersville, Sailor's Creek and Appomattox in
'N'irginia and Alonocacv, Md.
302 DARKE COUNTY
One Hundred and Fifty-Second Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
This regiment was recruited largely in Darke county, eight
companies being comprised of local men. Col. David Put-
nam, who had formerly served as Captain in the 69th Regi-
ment, was the commanding officer, and John Beers was Ser-
geant-Major. This regiment left Greenville May 2, 1864, and
was discharged Sept. 1, 1864, having been employed on the
skirmish line in Virginia, to guard wagon trains and relieve
the veteran soldiers, who were needed at the front. They
were not in any important engagement. In Hunter's raid
down the Shenandoah valley this regiment had charge of a
provision train of 214 wagons, and marched from Martins-
burg to Lynchburg, on the old Cumberland pike. It then
marched over the Blue Ridge mountains to White Sulphur
Springs, where it had its main engagement. From this point
it marched to Webster, Va., a total distance of about 535
miles entirely on foot. After this the regiment went to Cum-
berland, Md., where it remained until the return to Camp
Dennison and discharge.
SOME NOTABLE EVENTS.
There are a few outstanding events in Darke county his-
tory which should be known and cherished by every patriotic
citizen and kept on record for the instruction and inspiration
of coming generations. Prominent mention has been made
of Wayne's treaty and its significance as a national afifair.
The next event of vital importance was the treaty held by
Gen. Wm. H. Harrison and Gen. Lewis Cass, on July 22. 1814.