Theodore Baker.

A biographical dictionary of musicians online

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Concerlmeister at Hamburg 1863-5 '< played in
the Crystal Palace, London, in March, 1866,
and made a concert-tour in the United States
with Mr. Bateman, meeting Euphrosyne Parepa,
and marrying her at New York in Feb., 1867.
They organized an English opera-company, and
toured America until 1871, then returning to
London. After his wife's death in 1874, he
continued English opera in the leading London
theatres.

Ro'sa, Salvatore, famous painter, poet, and
musician ; b. Aranella, Naples, June 20, 1615 ;
d. Rome, Mar. 15, 1673. After the popular in-
surrection, led by Masaniello, in 1647, he went
to Rome. He comp. fine madrigals and songs
(coll. by Burney); Dr. Crotch publ. a "cantata"
in his " Specimens of Various Styles . . . ." It
was R. who wrote the satire ("Satira") on
music and kindred arts, which provoked Matthe-
son's reply in " Mithridat."

Rose, Arnold Josef, b. Jassy, Oct. 24, 1863.
Fine violinist, pupil of Ileissler at Vienna Cons. ;
1st violin in the Rose Quartet ; leader and soloist
in the Vienna court orch. since 1881, and leader
at the Bayreuth Festivals since 1S88.

Roseingrave, Thomas, b. Dublin ; d. Lon-
don, 1750. Organist at St. ( leorge's, Hanover
Square, 1725-37. — Publ. " Voluntarys and
Fugues, made on Purpose for the Organ or
Harpsichord" (1730); "Solos for the German
Flute, with a Thorough Bass for the Harpsi-
chord"; "8 Suites of Lessons" f. harps.; a
concerto f. do.; fugues f. org. or harps. (1750) ;
etc.

Ro'sel, Rudolf Arthur, b. Munchenberns-
dorf, Gera, Aug. 23, 1859. Studied 1873-7 at
the Weimar Music-School under Walbrul (vio-
lin), Sulze (harm.), and Muller-Hartung (cpt.) ;
later under Thomson. 1877-9, Ist violin at
Hamburg City Th.; 1879-81, do. in private
orch. of von Derwies at Lugano and Nice ;
1881, at Weimar; 1S84, leader at Rotterdam,
and teacher at the Music-School ; 1888 till the
present (1899) leader in Weimar Court Orch.;
also teacher of violin and ensemble-playing at
the Music-School. — Works: The 2-act "lyric
stage-play" Halimah (Weimar, 1895, mod.
succ); opera Theatre Varidte" (not perf.); music
to Der gestiefelte A'ater : symphonic poem
" Friihlingsstiirme "; 1 violin-concerto; 1 viola-
concerto ; 2 string-quartets (all in MS.). — Publ.
pieces f. vln. and pf . ; a Notturno f. horn w.
orch.; a Notturno f. oboe w. orch.; songs.
Tendency modern (Liszt- Wagner-Strauss).

Rosellen, Henri, b. Paris, Oct. 13, 181 1 ; d.
there Mar. 20, 1876. Pupil, at the Cons., of
Pradher and Zimmerman (pf.), and Dourlen,
Fetis, and Halevy (comp.), later of H. Herz.
Successful and popular teacher of pf. -playing,
and composer f. pf. — Publ. a Method f. pf.; a
"Manuel des pianistes"; a trio concertante f.



496



ROSENHAIN— ROSSI



pf., vln., and 'cello, op. 82 ;_ 25 Etudes de
moyenne force, op. 133, and 12 Etudes brillantes,
op. 60 ; much good salon-music (Reverie in G ;
Nocturne et Tarentelle, op. 92) ; 76 fantasias on
operatic airs ; variations ; etc.

Ro'senhain, Jacob [Jacques], b. Mann-
heim, Dec. 2, 1S13 ; d. Baden-Baden, Mar. 21,
1S94. Noted pianist; pupil of Schmitt at Mann-
heim and Schnyder v. YVartensee at Erankfort ;
made extended tours, and lived in Erankfort,
Paris (1849), and Baden-Baden. — Works : 4
operas, Der Bcsuch in Irrenhaus (Frankf. ,
1S34), Liswenna (not perf.), Le Demon de la
unit (Opera, Paris, 1851), and Volage et jaloux
(Baden-Baden, 1S63) ; 3 symphonies, a pf.-con-
certo, 3 string-quartets, 4 pf.-trios, many pf.-
pieces (sonata in F min., op. 41 ; Sonate sym-
phonique in F min., op. 74; Melodies caracte-
ristiques ; Historiettes, op. 97 ; Reveries, op.
26); sonatas f. pf. and 'cello, op. 38 and 53;
12 Etude.s caracteristiques ; etc. — Wrote " Erin-
nerungen an Nicolo Paganini " (1893). — His
brother Eduard, b. Mannheim, Nov. 18, 1818,
d. Frankfort, Sept. 6, 1861, also a noteworthy
pianist and teacher, publ. a serenade f. 'cello
and pf., pf. -music, etc.

Ro'senmiiller, Johann, b. 161 5 ; d. 1682 at
Wolfenbiittel as Kapellm.; was mus. dir. at
the Thomaskirche, Leipzig, 1648-55. — rubl.
" Kernspri'ichemehrentheilsausheiligerSchrift,"
a 3-7 w. continuo (1648); " Studentenmusik
von 3 und 5 Instr.n " [dance-music] (1654) ; " 12
sonate da camera a 5 stromenti " (1671).

Ro'senthal, Moriz, b. Lemberg, 1862.
Pianist ; at 8 his precocity attracted the atten-
tion and won the aid of Mikuli ; at 30, taught
by R. Joseffy ; at 14, gave a concert at Vienna
(brilliant comp.s by Weber, Beethoven, Chopin,
Liszt). On concert-tour in Rumania, app. Royal
Pianist. From 1S76-86, pupil of Liszt, follow-
ing him yearly to Weimar, Pesth, Vienna, and
Rome ; 18S7, first concert- four ne'e in America,
after which he made a furore in European capi-
tals. Now in the front rank of living pianists.
Tour of 1896-7 in the United States interrupted
by illness. — Publ. (with L. Schytte) " Technical
Studies for the Highest Degree of Develop-
ment."

Roset'ti, Francesco Antonio [Franz An-
ton Rossler], b. Leitmeritz, Bohemia, 1750; d.
Ludwigslust, June 30, 1792. Kapellm. to Prince
Wallerstein ; from 17S9, court Kapellm. at
Schwerin. — Works : A Requiem ; 2 oratorios,
Der sterbende Jesus (publ.), and Jesus in Geth-
semane ; 19 symphonies, 9 string-quartets, 4
flute-concertos, 4 clar. -concertos ; a sextet f.
flute, 2 horns, and strings ; 3 horn-concertos ; 2
concertantes f. 2 horns ; etc.

RosTer, Gustav, b. Sept. 2, 1S19 ; d. Des-
sau, Feb. 24, 1S82. Teacher and comp. (one
opera, Hermann und Dorothea, often perf. at
Dessau).

32 497



Rossa'ro, Carlo, b. Crescentino, Vercelli,
1828 ; d. Turin, Feb. 7, 187S. Pianist and
comp. (opera, // Castello maladetto; pf. -sonata,
op. 23; character-studies, op. 10, 11, 15, 16;
4-hand sonata, op. 23 ; other pieces, op. 12-14 ;
fine fantasia f. pf. and d.-bass) ; etc.

Ros'si, Giovanni Battista, Genoese monk.
— Publ. " Organo de' cantori per intendereda se
stesso ogni passo difficile che si trova nella mu-
sica " (1618 ; elucidates certain phases of men-
sural notation).

Ros'si, Abbate Francesco, b. Bari, Italy,
about 1645 ; canon there, 1680. — Works : The
operas LI Sejano moderno delta Tracia (Venice,
1680) ; La Pena degli occhi, and La Corilda
(both ibid., 1688); and Mitrane (ibid., 1689);
oratorio La caduta degli angeli y Requiem a 5 ;
psalms ; etc.

Ros'si, Gaetano, b. Verona, 1780 ; d. there
Jan. 27, 1S55. For many years he was at-
tached to the Fenice Th. at Venice as dramatic
poet. He wrote over 100 libretti, among them
Linda di Chamounix and Maria Padilla, for
Donizetti ; La prova d'uii opera seria, for
Gnecco ; // Giuramento, for Mercadante ; //
Crociato in Egitto, for Meyerbeer ; Tancredi and
Semiramide, for Rossini ; etc.

Ros'si, Luigi Felice, b. Brandizzo, Pied-
mont, July 27, 1804 ; d. Turin, June 20, 1863.
Pupil of Raimondi and Zingarelli at Naples.
Church-comp. (masses, requiems, Te Deums,
etc.). Contributor to the " Gazzetta Musicale" of
Milan, etc.; transl. of theoretical works.

Ros'si, Lauro, celebrated dramatic comp.;
b. Macerata, Feb. 20, 1812 ; d. Cremona, May
6, 1885. Pupil of Furno, Zingarelli, and Cre-
scentini at the R. Coll. di S. Sebastiano, Naples,
graduating 1829, bringing out a buffo opera, Le
Contesse villa ne, at the Fenice Th., Naples, with
success. He became maestro at the Teatro
Valle, Rome, in 1832 ; with his tenth opera, La
casa disabitata L falsi monetari, prod, at La
Scala, Milan, Aug. 16, 1835, he scored his first
real triumph — it made the rounds of Italy, and
was given in Paris. In 1835 he went to Mexico
as maestro and composer to an Italian opera-
troupe, becoming its director in 1837, and going
to Havana (1839) ar *d New Orleans (1842), re-
turning to Italy in 1844. In 1S50, Director of
the Milan Cons.; succeeded Mercadante as Dir.
of the Naples Cons, in 1871, resigning in 1878,
and retiring to Cremona in 1882. He prod. 29
operas, I falsi monetari and La Coufessa di ALous
(Turin, 1874) being the most successful. Other
works : The oratorio Saul (1833) ; elegies on
Bellini and Mercadante ; masses, cantatas, cho-
ruses to Plautus' Captivi, 6 fugues f. string-
orch., 8 vocalizzi and 12 exercises f. soprano;
songs; and a " Guida ad un corso di armonia
pratica orale " for Milan Cons.

Ros'si, Giovanni Gaetano, b. Borgo S.
Donino, Parma, Aug. 5, 1828 ; d. Genoa, Mar.
30, 1SS6. From 1873-9, maestro at the Carlo



ROSSINI




Felice Th., Genoa; then Director of the Liceo
Musicale. — Works : 4 operas ; an oratorio Le
sette parole j overture to the tragedy Saulo (prize
from the Soc. del Quartetto, Milan) ; a Requiem,
3 masses, etc.

Rossi'ni, Gioachino Antonio, a classic
representative of Italian opera ; called the
"Swan of Pesaro,"
because born at Pe-
saro, Feb. 29, 1792;
died at Ruelle, near
Paris, Nov. 13,
1868. From the
age of 4, he was left
at Bologna by his
parents, who were
obliged to travel to
earn a subsistence ;
the father as horn-
player in the opera-
troupes in which the
mother sang as pri-
ma donna buffa.
Instructed from 1799, with meagre results, by a
pedantic piano-teacher named Prinetti, in 1802
he was turned over to Angelo Tesei, under whom
he made rapid progress ; he sang in church, and
afterwards followed his parents as a singer and
accompanist in the theatre. In 1807 he entered
the Conservatory (Liceo) at Bologna, studying
composition under Padre Mattei, and the 'cello
under Cavedagni. In a year he brought out a
cantata, II pianto d'Armonia per la morte d'Or-
fco, which won a prize ; he soon broke off the
study of counterpoint, being told by Mattei that
he knew enough to write operas — the goal of his
ambition. His first was a one-act opera buffa,
La cambiale di malrimonio, well received at the
San Mose Th., Venice, in 1S10 ; returning to
Bologna, he produced next year a two-act opera
buffa, Vequivoco stravagante, with applause.
Fortunate from the outset, he received various
commissions to furnish light operas, writing 5
during 1S12. In 1813 he scored his first grand
success with TancrediaX the Fenice Th., Venice,
followed up by L'ltaliana in Algeri, an opera
buffa perf. at the San Benedetto Th. Encour-
aged by repeated successes, R. ventured to set
the text of one of Paisiello's operas, Almaviva,
ossia ! inutile precauzione, and to bring it out at
the Argentina Th., Rome, in 1816. This opera
later so celebrated under the title of // Barbiere
di Siviglia, and certainly one of the finest speci-
mens of Italian opera buffa, was hissed, on its
first production, by the old frequenters of the
theatre, indignant at the young master's "pre-
sumption " ; but the second night was a veritable
triumph for R.'s genius, and the opera speedily
made the round of European stages. In Elisa-
betta, given at Naples in 1815, R. dispensed
with secco recitative — a great innovation. From
1815-23 R. was under contract to write two
operas yearly for Barbaja, manager of the Nea-
politan theatres, La Scala at Milan, and the



Italian opera at Vienna, receiving a remuneration
of 12,000 lire (francs) per annum. During these
8 years he composed no less than 20 operas. In
the spring of 1822 he spent a most successful
season, musically and socially, in Vienna ; but
he was generally engaged in travelling from
town to town in Italy for the purpose of bringing
out his increasingly popular dramatic works. In
1S23, disappointment at the cool reception of his
carefully written Semiramide by the Venetians,
and a favorable offer from Benelli, the manager
of the King's Th., induced him to go to London.
Although Benelli did not fulfil his promises, R.
met with flattering attentions from the court, and
by means of grand concerts, etc., found himself
in possession of ^7000 when he left England 5
months later. Now, for 18 months, he under-
took the management of the Theatre Italien at
Paris, and produced several operas with much
artistic success ; but his managerial career was
not so fortunate financially. Thereafter he was
appointed " Premier compositeur du -roi " and
" Inspecteur-general du chant en France," two
sinecures to which a salary of 20,000 francs was
attached ; the Revolution of 1830 cost him these
positions, but he afterwards received a pension
of 6000 francs. At the Opera he presented
some highly successful revisions, in French ver-
sions, of earlier Italian operas ; these may be
regarded as preliminary studies to his master-
piece, Guillaume Tell, first given at the Opera
on Aug. 3, 1829, with a magnificent cast, and
winning immense applause. With this grand
work Rossini abruptly closed his dramatic career
at the age of 37. He made a flying visit to his
father in Bologna, and shortly after the July
Revolution returned to Paris, where, under the
new re'gime, he had no inducement to continue
opera-writing. In 1832 his famous Stabat Mater
was written, though not produced in its entirety
until 1842. Meantime Meyerbeer entered upon
the scene with Les Huguenots (1836), in order to
hear which R. long delayed his intended return
to Bologna ; after the performance he resolved
to write no more operas, and this resolution was
not shaken even by the sensational revival of
Tell in 1S37, with Duprez in the title-role. He
lived in retirement at Bologna and Florence until
1855, thenceforward making Paris his home, but
writing little new music (the " Petite messe
solemnelle," f. soli, ch., and orch.; a cantata for
the Exposition of 1S67 ; and a number of piano-
pieces). In the afterglow of his prestige as an
opera-composer, amid a circle of devoted ad-
mirers and friends, his last years passed hap-
pily.

Operas : La cambiale di matrimonio (1810) ;
Lequivoco stravagante (181 1) ; L'inganno felice,
L'occasiotie fa il ladro, ossia II cambio del la vali-
gia, La scala di seta, Demetrio e Po/ibio, and La
pietra del paragone (1S12) ; Tancredi (Venice,
1S13) ; L'ltaliana in Algeri (1813) ; II jiglio per
azzardo (1813) ; Aureliano in Palmira (1S14);
// Turco in Italia (Milan, La Scala, 1814) ;
Elisabetta, regina d' ' Inghilterra (Naples, San



498



ROSSLER— ROUGET DE L'ISLE



Carlo Th., 1815) ; Sigismondo (1815) ; II Bar-
Mere di Siviglia (Rome, Argentina Th., 1816) ;
Torvaldo e Dorliska (1815) ; La Gazzetta (Na-
ples, 1816) ; Otello (Naples, del Fondo Th.,
1816) ; La Cenerentola (Rome, teatro Valle,
1S16) ; La gazza ladra (Milan, La Scala, 1S17) ;
Armida (1S17) ; Adelaide di Borgogna [or Ot-
lone, re d'ltalia] (Rome, 1S1S) ; Adina, o II ca-
liffo di Bagdad (Lisbon, 1S18), Jllose in Egitlo
( Naples, 1S1S ; Paris, as Moise en Egypte, 1827) ;
Ricciardo e Zoraide (181S) ; Ermione (1819) ;
Edoardo e Cristina (Venice, 1S10) : La donna del
lago [after Scott] (Naples, San Carlo Th., 1819) ;
Bianca e Faliero (1820); Maometto //(Naples,
San Carlo, 1S20 ; Faris, revised as Le siege de
Corinthe, Opera, 1S26) ; Matilda di Ciabrano
(1S21) ; Zelmira (1822) ; Semiramide (Venice,
Fenice Th., 1823 ; Paris, Grand Opera, as
Se'iniramis, 1S60) ; // viaggio a Rheims, ossia
Ualbergo del giglio d'oro (Paris, Th. Ital., 1825);
Le eomte Ory (augm. and revised version of pre-
ceding ; Paris, Opera, 1828) ; Guillanme Tell
(Opera, 1829). — Cantatas : II pianto d ' Armonia
(1808); Didone abbandonata (181 1) ; Giro in
Babilonia (1S10) ; Egle ed Irene (1814) ; Teti e
Peleo (1S16) ; Igea (1819) ; Partenope (1S19) ;
La riconoscenza (1821) ; // vero omaggio (1822);
Eaugurio felice (1823) ; La sacra alleanza
(1823) ; // Bardo (1823) ; II Ritorno (1823) ; //
pianto delle Muse (London, 1823) ; / Paslori
(Naples, 1825) ; II serto votivo (Bologna, 1829).
His first publ. comp. was the canzonet " Se il
vuol la molinara " ; he wrote other canzonets
and arias (e.g. " Soirees musicales," 8 ariettas
and 4 duets), " Gorgheggi e solfeggi per soprano
per rendere la voce agile," hymns, short canta-
tas, and songs; a "Chant des Titans" f. 4
basses w. orch. ; Tantum ergo f. 3 male voices
w. orch.; Quoniam f. solo bass w. orch.; O
salutaris, f. solo quartet.

Biographical : " Vie de Rossini," by Sten-
dhal (1823); " Le Rossiniane," by Carpani(i824);
" De la guerre des dilettanti ou de la revolution
operee par M. Rossini dans l'opera francais "
(1829) ; " R., sa vie et ses oeuvres," by Azvedo
(1865) ; " Life of R.," by H. S. Edwards (Lon-
don, 1869) ; " Biografia di G. R.," by Zanolini
( x 875) ; " Rossini, notes, impressions, souve-
nirs," by Pougin (1S70) ; " Rossini," by Sittard
(1SS2) ; " R., sein Leben, seine Werke und
Charakterztige," by Struth (Leipzig) ; also a
sketch by Dr. A. Kohut (Leipzig, 1892).

RossTer, F. A. See Rosetti, F. A.

Rost, Nicolas, pastor at Kosmenz, Alten-
burg. — Publ. "30 geistliche und weltliche
teutsche Lieder " a 4-6 (1583) ; " 30 newe lieb-
liche Galliarden " a 4 (1594); and Cantiones
selectissimae," motets a 6-8 (1614) ; in MS., a
Passion a 11.

Rost, Friedrich Wilhelm Ehrenfried, b.
Bautzen, Apr. 11, 1768; d. Leipzig, Feb. 12,
1S35, as rector of the Thomasschuk. — Publ.
" De insigni militate ex artis musicae studio
in puerorum educatione redundante " (1S00) ;



" Oratio ad renovandam Sethi Calvisii memo-
riam " (1805) ; " De necessitudine, quae littera-
rum studiis cum arte musica intercedit " (1817) ;
and " Was hat die Leipziger Thomasschule fin-
die Reformation gethan ? " (1817 ; w. biogr. of
Rhaw).

Roth [rot], Philipp, b. Tarnowitz, Silesia,
Oct. 25, 1853 ; d. Berlin, June 9, 1S98. 'Cel-
list, pupil of Wilhelm Muller, and (1876-8) of
Ffausmann at the Hochschule, Berlin. Head-
quarters Berlin, whence he made many concert-
tours ; founded the " Freie mus. Vereinigung "
in 1890. — Publ. a " Fiihrer durch die Violoncell-
Litteratur."

Roth, Bertrand, b. Degersheim, St. Gallen,
Feb. 12, 1S55. Pianist ; pupil of Leipzig Cons,
and Liszt; teacher at the Hoch Cons., Frank-
fort ; founded, with Schwarz and Fleisch, the
Raff Cons, in 1SS2 ; from 18S5-90, taught at
the Cons, in Dresden, where he opened a pri-
vate music-school in 1890.

Ro'toli, Augusto, b. Rome, Jan. 7, 1S47.
Pupil of Lucchesi ; choir-boy at St. Peter's.
Founded the " Societa corale de' concerti sagri,"
which he conducted. Singing-master to Princess
Margherita, 1876 ; maestrool the Cappella reale
del Sudario in 187S. Having achieved a high
reputation as a cond., singing-teacher, and song-
composer, he was called to Boston, Mass., in
1885 as vocal instructor in the New Engl. Cons.
— Chevalier of the Ital. Crown, etc. — Works :
Mass a 4 (for the funeral of Victor Emmanuel,
1878); " Salmo elegiaco"on the same, f. bar.
solo, ch., and orch. (1878) ; many songs w. pf.

Rot'ter, Ludwig, b. Vienna, Sept. 6, 1S10 ;
d. there Apr. 5, 1S95. Beginning his career in
1830 as a pianist and accompanist, he became
organist of various churches, and in 1S67 suc-
ceeded Sechter as court organist, with the ritle
" Imp. Royal Vice- Kapellmeister.'" — Sacred cho-
ral works (masses, requiems, Te Deums, offer-
tories, graduals, etc.) ; organ-music; pf.-pieces.
Wrote a Thorough-bass Method.

Rott'manner, Eduard, b. Munich, Sept. 2,
1809 ; d. Speyer, May 4, 1843, as cathedral-
organist. — Many MS. works : 2 masses a 4, w.
org. ; 1 mass a 16 ; a Requiem ; a Stabat Mater
w. organ and strings ; etc. (an Ave Maria a 4,
w. strings, organ, and 2 horns ad lib., was publ.).

Rouget de l'Isle, Claude-Joseph, com-
poser of the "Marseillaise"; b. Lons-le-Saul-
nier, Jura, May 10, 1760 ; d. Choisy-le-Roy,
June 27, 1836. Pie wrote the famous national
hymn in 1792, while a military engineer at
Strassburg. Imprisoned for refusing to take
the oath against the crown, he went to Paris
after Robespierre's downfall, and comp. a
" Hymne dithyrambique sur la conjuration de
Robespierre ..." (1794), "Chant des ven-
geances" (1798), and a " Chant du combat " for
the army in Egypt (1800). He publ. " 50
Chants francais " in 1S25 ; and wrote several
opera-libretti.



499



ROUSSEAU— RUI5INI



Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, b. Geneva, June
28, 1 712 ; d. Ermenonville, n. Paris, July 3,
1778. Without other musical training than des-
ultory self-instruction, this great philosopher and
author made his debut in Paris at the age of 29,
as a reformer of mus. notation, reading a paper
before the Academie, in 1742, which was revised
and publ. as a " Dissertation sur la musique
moderne " (1743). His opera, Les Muses ga-
lantes y had only one private representation, at the
house of La Popeliniere in 1745 ; his revision of
the intermezzo La reine de Navarre (by Voltaire
and Rameau) was a flat failure in Paris ; but his
opera Le Devi 11 du village (Grand Opera, 1752)
was very successful, and was on the repertory
for some 60 years. In the meantime his hastily
written musical articles for the " Encyclopedie "
had evoked scathing criticisms from Rameau and
others ; improved by revision and augmentation,
they were republ. as his " Dictionnaire de mu-
sique " (176S). In 1752 commenced the hot dis-
pute, known as the "guerre des Bouffons,"
between the partisans of French and Italian
opera ; R. sided with the latter, publishing a
" Lettre a M. Grimm au sujet des remarques
ajoutees a sa lettre sur Omphale " (1752), fol-
lowed by the caustic " Lettre sur la musique
francaise " (1753, to which the members of the
Opera responded by burning him in effigy and
excluding him from the theatre) and " Lettre
d'un symphoniste de l'academie royale de mu-
sique a ses camarades de l'orchestre " (1753). In
Pygmalion (1773) he created the melodrama ; the
work met with great success. Six new arias for
Le Devin du village, and a collection of about
100 romances and duets, "Les consolations des
miseres de ma vie" (1781), and fragments of an
opera, Dafhnis et Cliloe, were publ. posthu-
mously (1780). All his writings on music have
been often republ. in editions of his " Collected
Works." Despite his deficiencies as a musician,
he exercised great influence on contemporary
French art.

Rousseau, Samuel-Alexandre, b. Neuve-
maison, Aisne, June II, 1853. Pupil of Paris
Cons.; won the Prix
Cressent in 1878, also
the 2nd Grand prix
de Rome. Prod, the
i-act comedy-opera
Dianorah at theOpera-
Comique, 1879; his
opera Me'rorvig won
the Prize of the City
of Paris in 1891. Since
1892, 1st chef d'orck.
at the Th.-Lyrique.
On June 8, 1898, his
3-act lyric drama La
cloche du Rhin had
a siieces d'estime at
the Opera (said to be an unsatisfactory attempt
to imitate Wagner's dramatic procedures). Has
also written a solemn mass, many songs, etc.




Rousseau, Jean, violinist in Paris. — rubl.
" Traite de la viole " (1687, w. history of the
instr.) ; " Methode claire . . . pour apprendre
a chanter la musique . . ." (1678, etc., with direc-
tions for playing graces) ; and 2 books of pieces
f. viola w. exercises, and directions for different
tunings (no date).

Roussier, Abbe Pierre- Joseph, b. Mar-
seilles, 1716 ; d. as canon at Ecouis, Normandy,
about 1790. — Publ. " Sentiment d'un harmoni-
phile surdifferentsouvrages de musique " (1756);
"Traite des accords et de leur succession"
(1764 ; suppl. by " L'harmonie pratique . . . ,"
1775) ; " Observations sur differents points de
l'harmonie " (1765) ; " Memoire sur la musique
des anciens " (1770); "Notes et observations
sur le memoire du P. Amiot concernant la mu-
sique des chinois" (1779) ; " Mem. sur la nou-
velle harpe de M. Cousineau " (17S2); "Mem.
sur le clavecin chromatique " (1782); "Lettre
sur 1'acceptation des mots basse fondamentale
..." (17S3 ; "Journal encyclop.", vol. i) ; etc.

Rovel'li, Pietro, b. Bergamo, Feb. 6, 1793 ;
d. there Sept. 8, 1838, as maestro at the church
of S. Maria Maggiore, and 1st violin in the theatre -
orch. Pupil of R. Kreutzer ; teacher of Molique
while leader at Munich (1817-19). Tubl. excel-
lent etudes.

Rovet'ta, Giovanni, pupil of Monteverde,
and his successor in 1644 as 1st maestro at San
Marco, Venice, where he died in Aug., 1668. —
Works : 2 operas, Ercole in Lidia (1645) and
Argiope (1649 i finished by Leardini d'Urbino) ;
publ. much church-music : Salmi concertati per
vespri (1626) ; Madrigali concertati (1627 ; others
in 1640 and 1645) ; Mottetti concertati . . . ed
una messa concertata (1635) ; Salmi a 1-4 voci
con una messa (1642) ; Salmi a 5-6 con 2 violini ;
Salmi a 8 (1644); Mottetti concertati a 2-3 con
litanie a 4 (1647); Salmi per i vespri e compieta
a 8(1662).

Roze, Abbe Nicolas, b. Bourg-Neuf, n.
Chalons, Jan. 17, 1745; d. St.-Mande, n. Paris,
Sept. 30, 18 19. From 1807, Langle's successor
as librarian of the Conservatoire. — Publ. a " Me-
thode de plain-chant "; also vocal church-music.

Rozkos'ny [-kosh'-], Josef Richard, b.

Prague, Sept. 21, 1833. Pupil of Jiranek, Toma-
schek, and Fr. Rittl. In 1855 he made a suc-



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