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third and fourth joints somewhat shorter than the following; thorax
without spines, longer than wide, the sides nearly parallel, transversely
wrinkled on the disc ; elytra flattened on the back, gradually attenuated
towards the tip, the tip itself rounded ; legs somewhat elongated; femora
simple.

999- -3U. (Saperda) Mrta, Fabr.; Ent. Syst. ii.,309, 10; Saperda
villosa, Fabr., Syst. El. 320, 13 ; Isodera villosa, White, Voy. Er. Terr.,
Ins., p. 21 ; sEmona humilis, Newm., Ent., p. 8.



OF NEW ZEALAND. 571

NOTE. I have seen three descriptions of this insect, and as they
may lead to misconceptions, I have thought it advisable to substitute
one by myself.

Head rugosely punctured, with a depression between the antennae,
in some specimens the vertex is smooth ; it is usually clothed with
yellowish hairs, but in some examples there is a dense patch of bright
yellow hairs in the emarginate portion of the eye, and another behind.
Thorax sub-cylindrical, its sides nearly straight, yet a little rounded,
apex truncate, base bisinuated ; 'the surface is transversely wrinkled,
with indications of a smooth dorsal line in some examples, though
oftener without; it is clothed more or less densely with pale yellow
hairs. Scutellum covered with bright yellow pubescence. Elytra elon-
gate, wider than the thorax, shoulders prominent, sides nearly parallel
with the suture, yet a little incurved near the middle, and moderately
narrowed towards the apex ; their surface is indistinctly convex, rather
coarsely, rugosely-punctate, the punctation becoming shallow and con-
fused towards the apex ; they are clothed with pale yellow hair-like
bristles ; the colour varies from dark to pale reddish-castaneous. The
legs are pale red, the apices of the femora and tibiae generally infuscate,
and they are covered with pallid (often yellow) pubescence. The ter-
minal joints of Jhe pafyi are securiform.

Length, 7-10 lines.

The species occurs throughout New Zealand, I believe ; but it can-
not be said to be common.

1000. J. simpliCOlliS, Bates. Elongate, castaneous-red, pilose.
Head red, with an inter-antennal longitudinal furrow, its frontal portion
sparingly, the emargination of the eyes, and a triangular space behind
each eye densely, covered with yellow pubescence. Prothorax rather
longer than broad, a little convex, widest in front, gradually rounded
laterally, slightly constricted near the base, and feebly bisinuated at the
apex ; its surface, owing to slight tubercular elevations, appears some-
what uneven, and it has a few punctures near the anterior angles, with
clothing similar to that of the head, but not dense. The elytra are
coarsely and rugosely punctured, and clothed with short depressed grey
hairs, much coarser than those on the thorax. Legs and antennae red-
dish and pubescent, the intermediate tibiae slightly bent.

Length, 5 lines.

A mutilated specimen, labelled as above, was sent to me from
Christchurch by Mr. C. M. Waken eld. It may be readily distinguished
from &. hirta by its less cylindrical, more anteriorly dilated, and
unwrinkled thorax.

Leptachrous.

Bates : Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., July, 1874.

Genus Phlyctoenodi affine, a quo differt capite ante oculos magis
elongato, quadrato, palpis gracilibus filiformibus, &c. Corpus elonga-
tum, gracile. Caput exsertum, antice paulo elongatum, lateribus paral-



572 COLEOPTERA

lelis; tubera antennifera fortiter oblique elevata. Palpi articulis ter-
minalibus baud dilatatis. Antenna subtiliter ciliatse, scapo gracile,
clavato, quam articulo tertio vel quarto longiore ; articulus quintus pre-
cedente et sequente longior. Thorax antice constrictus, supra insequa-
lis, baud distincte tuberculatus, spina lateral! validissima. Elytra
costata, apice acute rotundata. Pedes modtce elongati ; femora vix
incrassata. Prosternum inter coxas exsertas angustum ; acetabula inter-
media extus aperta.

Founded on Cerambyx strigipennis, Westwood, which White referred
with doubt to Phlyctcenodes, but which differs in all essential points from
that genus. The much shorter maxillary palpi, long square muzzle and
elongated scape are the most obvious structural peculiarities.

looi. L. Strigipennis, Westwood; Arc. Ent., ii., 27; Phlyc-
t&nodes strigipennis, White; Voy. Er. Terr., p. 19. Head broad in front
before the eyes, with the face rather oblique and truncated, parts of the
mouth small, mandibles short, black at the tip ; palpi short, maxillary
scarcely larger than the labial; antenna shorter than the body, first joint
clavate, third and several following of nearly equal length, base of the
joints black; head with a dark central line, space between the eyes
dark-coloured ; thorax constricted near the front margii? and dilated on
each side into a short thick conical spine ; disc with four elevated
tubercles, the two front placed closer together than the other two;
middle of thorax with a dark line ; elytra long, nearly parallel with the
suture, five longitudinal streaks on each of pitchy-brown, first not
extending to the base, second and fourth united near the tip, third
insulated by them, fourth much abbreviated at the base, fifth slender
and sub-marginal ; feet slender and simple ; femora very slightly clavate.

Length, n lines.

NOTE. I imagine the above characters to have been derived from a
specimen of ihefemate sex ; I found two examples (males) at Tairua, in
both of which the antennae are decidedly longer than the body, and the
discoidal tubercles are obtuse and only slightly elevated, whilst the
lateral tubercle is directed backwards; neither exceed six lines in length.
The ground-colour is testaceous, and the elytra are rugulose.

Votum.

Nov. gen.

Body elongate, and rather slender. Maxillary palpi long ; the ter-
minal joints of both pairs securiform, but not strongly dilated inwardly.
Eyes prominent, reniform, coarsely facetted ; placed almost horizontally
on the sides of the head, the lesser, emarginated portion being obliquely
directed upwards. The head is sub-ovate, muzzle quadrate, vertex con-
cave. The antenna are inserted in line with the centre of each eye ;
they are longer than the body and finely pubescent ; scape moderately
elongated and gradually incrassated ; second joint small ; third and
fourth equal, but neither so long as joints five to seven; fifth longest ;
the other six decrease in length.



OF NEW ZEALAND. 573

Thorax longer than broad, constricted anteriorly, less so behind ; it
is dilated laterally in the middle in the form of a strong, acute tubercle;
disc uneven. The elytra are four times the length of the thorax, their
sides nearly parallel with the suture and somewhat compressed, but a
little incurved near the middle and gradually dilated posteriorly ; apices
obtusely rounded. The legs are rather long ; the femora somewhat
laterally compressed, strongly dilated towards the middle, and curvedly
excised towards the apex, so as to be dentate ; the tibia are arcuated,
slightly flexuose, and terminate in two short spines ; the tarsus is long,
slender, and pilose ; the basal joint is as long as the second and third
conjointly, the third bilobed ; claws divaricate.

The characters of this new form indicate an affinity to Leptachrous,
but it differs essentially from that genus in the structure of the palpi,
legs and eyes ; the scutellum also, though similar in form, is, in the only
example now before me, abruptly deflexed anteriorly.

1002. V. munda, n.s. Body shining; the head, thorax, scape ot
antennae, and femora, pale rufo-castaneous, the other parts of the body
fulvo-castaneous. The head has a dark dorsal line, and is remotely and
indistinctly punctate ; mandibles stout, with fuscous tips. The thorax is
finely margined along the base and apex, finely and distantly punctured;
the disc is uneven, with two sub-contiguous, obtuse, transverse eleva-
tions in front of the lateral tubercles. The elytra are broader than the
thorax, sub-depressed, with prominent humeral angles ; their sculpture
consists of shallow, not very obvious, punctures, and each bears three,
almost imperceptibly elevated, pale fulvous, discoidal lines, and many
abbreviated transverse lines of a similar colour ; they are sparsely clothed
with short, silky, fulvous hairs.

Length, 4^ lines.

I found two examples of this species at Tairua.

Pseudocalliprason.

Nov* gen.

Palpi moderate, terminal joint longest, slightly dilated (but not secu-
riform), apex truncate. Head subovate, considerably elongated and
rather abruptly contracted behind (just in front of the base), where it is
again widened ; muzzle subquadrate ; vertex concave. Eyes reniform,
coarsely facetted, placed laterally, rather in front of the middle part of
the head. Antenna inserted close to the emargination of each eye,
pubescent, of about the same length as the body ; eleven-jointed, sub-
filiform ; scape elongate, its apex clavate ; second joint minute ; joints
three to six almost equal ; seven to eleven decrease in size. Thorax
elongate-conical, slightly constricted near the apex, with' an acute lateral
tubercle behind the middle, and two erect acute discoidal tubercles,
rather smaller, and placed further forward, than the others. Elytra
elongate, tapering gradually to the apices, but almost dilated just before
reaching the tip ; apices obtusely rounded singly ; the shoulders are
broad, almost rectangular, the sides are abruptly compressed ; disc flat.
The legs are slender, elongate, sublinear ; tarsi elongate, the basal joint



574 COLEOPTERA

as long as the second and third conjointly, the latter bilobed; claws
divaricate. Anterior and intermediate coxce globose, the former sub-
contiguous, the latter not far removed from the front pair.

This genus is founded for the reception of the Calliprason margina-
tum of White, which he had associated with the Stenoderus sinclairi of
Westwood ; but the latter belongs to Calliprason. This new form
should be placed near Leptachrous ; Stenoderus and Calliprason, having
finely facetted eyes, belong to another division of the Cerambydda.

1003. P. marginatum, White \ Voy. Er. Terrains. Head in
front rugosely sculptured, the sides strongly wrinkled, vertex almost
smooth, with an impressed dorsal line, and rather densely clothed with
yellow hairs. Thorax transversely wrinkled, shining piceous ; with a
broad longitudinal line of yellow hairs near each side. Scutellum trian-
gular. Elytra with a somewhat flattened disc and abruptly deflexed
sides ; their sculpture is peculiar, consisting of punctures and granules,
so as to give them a somewhat irregular rugulose aspect, and there are
two discoidal indistinct costse on each ; their colour is green, with an
obvious orange marginal streak defining the disc. The antennce, and
legs are pubescent, pale-rufous ; the scape of the former piceous. Pro-
sternum rugose ; metastemum and abdomen finely pubescent.

Length, 8-9^ lines.

I found two examples at Tairua, from which the- above description,
generic and specific, has been compiled.

Ambeodontus.

Body elongate, opaque, pubescent. Head oblong, exserted, nearly
plane above, with a rather short muzzle ; eyes large, reniform, coarsely
facetted, widely separated above ; palpi elongate, terminated by an
elongate subsecuriform joint, obliquely truncated at its apex ; antennce
two-thirds the length of the body, filiform, robust, inserted at the emar-
gination of the eyes, basal joint stout, second small, third and fourth
equal, fifth longest, sixth to eleventh decrease in length.

Prothorax transversal, feebly sinuated at base and apex, with strong
lateral, and two discoidal tubercles. Scutellum curvilinearly triangular.
Elytra elongate, parallel, with almost prominent shoulders. Legs mode-
rately long, femora very slightly clavate ; the posterior tarsus with its
basal joint as long as the next two, obconical, second obconical, third
bilobed, fourth elongate, claws simple.

I do not know the author's name. The above characters are from
a specimen in my collection.

1004. A. (Saperda) tristis, Fabr., Syst. Ent., p. 186. S.

thorace quadrispinoso, corpore fusco.

NOTE. The entomological student, I apprehend, will experience
difficulty in attempting to identify this species by the description quoted
above, I therefore subjoin a short diagnosis which will, I hope, more
readily lead to its recognition.



OF NEW ZEALAND. 575

Head rugosely punctate, with an indistinct, nearly smooth, central
line. Thorax slightly constricted near the front and base, armed with a
large acute tubercle at each side ; there are two obtuse discoidal tuber-
cles, the rest of the surface, except a smooth dorsal line, bears many
minute wart-like elevations. Scutellum rather large, punctate. The
elytra are five times longer than the prothorax, with prominent shoul-
ders and parallel sides ; their surface is closely studded with small
granules, which become indistinct towards the apex; suture distinct;
apex rounded. The body is fuscous, and sparingly clothed with yellow
hairs ; antennce and legs fusco-rufous, pilose.

Length, 8 lines.

Mr. Bates says (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., July, 1874^) that Redten-
bacher's description of Phlyctcenodes trituberculatiis applies to this species;
perhaps the description had been hastily composed, as I fail to detect
the "three obtuse tubercles arranged in the form of a triangle."

Agapanthida.

White; Voy. Er. Terr., Ins., p. 22.

Head somewhat notched between the antennae ; palpi rather long ;
antennce. scarcely the length of the body, all the joints but the second
nearly of the same length ; thorax spined on the side, rather broader
than long, somewhat rounded in front, truncated behind ; elytra elon-
gated, slightly narrowed behind the base ; femora clavated.

1005. A. pulchella, White; Voy.Er. Terr., Ins., p. 22. Covered
with palish grey, somewhat silky scales ; base of elytra with a roundish
black spot on suture, in front margined with deep yellow hairs, across
the middle of elytra there is an irregular blackish band not reaching the
margin and interrupted in the middle, and a diagonal line of yellow
hairs near the end, with two black lunules behind each, separated by a
short yellow line ; thorax with two black spots above, one on each side ;
base of the joints of antennce, beginning at the third, yellow ; basal half
of femora yellow.

Length, 6 lines.
Waikouaiti (Mr. Earl).

1006. A. SCUtellariS, Pascoe; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Jan., 1876.
A. oblonga, depressa, rufo-castanea, antennis pedibusque dilutioribus,
supra confertim punctata, griseo variegata ; scutello nigro, subscutiformi,
in medio excavate ; elytris apice paulo dehiscentibus, sutura canalicu-
lata.

Long., 4 lin.

Waikato (Capt. Hutton).

Judging from Mr. White's figure of A. pulchella ( Voyage of the Erebus
and Terror, Entom., tab. 4, fig. 10), this species differs, it might be
thought almost generically, in its shorter and much thicker femora. The
derm in my unique example (apparently a female) seems to be covered
with a membraneous sort of integument, peeling off in patches ; but, from



ij y 6 COLEOPTERA

the regularity on both sides, the variegation does not seem to be due
solely to that cause. The slight intervals between the punctures on the
elytra have a granulated appearance.

Agapanthida differs from Phlyctcsnqdes in its finely facetted eyes, an
exceptional character in its own and allied groups.

Ophryops.

White; Voy. Er. Terr., Ins., p. 19.

Antenna longer than the body, inserted in line with the front part of
the eyes ; scape elongate sub-pyriform, second joint small, third and
fourth shorter than the fifth to ninth which are the longest, the other
two decrease in length. The head is sub-ovate, with a short muzzle ; it
is constricted behind the eyes, and again widened at the base ; the eyes
are lunate and coarsely facetted, the inner edge clothed with short hairs.
The thorax is about as long as broad, obtusely rounded laterally, nar-
rowest in front, constricted near the apex, the base margined and
abruptly contracted. Scutellum triangular, its base depressed. The
elytra are elongate, somewhat wider than the prothorax, humeral angles
prominent, sides parallel, apices singly rounded, with the extreme edge
sub-truncate. Legs elongate, femora dilated beyond the middle. An-
terior COXCR sub-globose, sub-contiguous ; intermediate not remote.

1007. O. pallidUS, White; Voy. Er. Terr., Ins., p. 19. Antennal
joints one to three rugosely punctate ; scape rufous, two to four fuscous,
the others rufo-testaceous ; all more or less pilose. Body moderately
shining, testaceous, tibiae and tarsi reddish. The head has a dorsal line,
and a depression between the antennal orbits ; its frontal portion and
vertex are rugosely, the hind part remotely, punctured. The thorax
has an almost smooth dorsal line, which is widest behind the middle,
and one on each side of it not reaching the apex also smooth and
polished ; the rest of the surface is rather dull and punctulate, with a
few larger impressions distributed over the surface, some also on the
polished lines ; there are, near each side, in front of the middle, two
small obtuse polished elevations which are not however very apparent.
The elytra are finely margined, their surface punctate, the punctures red,
and they bear two indistinct longitudinal discoidal lines on each ; the
sides beyond the posterior femora as well as the apices are ciliated. The
under-side is remotely punctate and sparsely pilose. The elytral disc is
flat, the sides compressed.

Length, 8| lines.

The above description, generic and specific, has been drawn up from
a specimen sent to me by Capt. F. W. Hutton.

Astetholea.

Bates ; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., July, 1874.

Corpus ^ lineare, depressum, fere glabrum. Caput breve, rotundatum,
exsertum, inter antennas latum, planum, post oculos gradatim angusta-



OF NEW ZEALAND. 577

turn, genis brevibus baud angulatis. Antenna breviter pubescentes,
scapo gradatim clavato, articulo tertio quam scapo vel articulo quarto
breviore. 0#//magni, reniformes, grosse granulati, supra longe dis-
tantes. Thorax rhomboideus, planatus. Elytra linearia, apice obtuse
rotundato. Pedes modice elongati ; femora gradatim incrassata. Coxa
anticae conicae, contiguae, exsertae, prosterno ante coxas truncate ; coxse
intermediae contiguse, mesosterno antice triangulari, inter coxas baud
continuato. Abdomen (F.) normale.

This is another of the anomalous forms of Longicornia, of which
there are so many in Australia and New Zealand. Its nearest ally seems
to be Tricheops ; but the head is nearly plane between the antennae, and
the antenniferous tubers are almost horizontal, with a continuous im-
pressed dorsal line.

1008. A. pauper, Bates; Ann. Nat. Hist., July, 1874. A.fulvo-
testacea, glabra, pedibus pallidioribus ; capite thoraceque Isevibus sub-
sericeis, hoc medio utrinque angulari haud spinoso ; elytris punctulatis,
utrinque bicostulatis, apud latera ad apicem Isevibus.

Long, 3^-4 lin., M. F.

Linear and .depressed, nearly glabrous, but moderately shining. The
head and thorax in their wider parts are as broad as the elytra; the lat-
ter are smooth on the sides (which are vertical) and near the apex, but
punctulate and with two raised discoidal lines from the base to beyond
the middle.

Auckland (Mr. Lawson) ; three examples.

NOTE. This species I also found at Auckland.

1009. A. lepturoides, Bates ; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Aug., 1876.
Elongata, fusco-castanea, palpis pedibusque flavo-testaceis ; supra laevis 1 ,
glabra, sericeo-nitens ; thoracis medio angulatim dilatato ; elytris vix
striatis, interstitiis nonnullis paulo elevatis.

Long., 4 lin.

Canterbury (Mr. Wakefield).

Distinguished from A. pauper by its dark castaneous colour, and by
the absence of distinct punctures on the elytra. The head is of the same
rounded form, flattened in front and very broad between the eyes and
base of antennae ; but the thorax is decidedly broader and perfectly
smooth. The elytra have very shallow striae without visible punctation,
and some of the interstices are elevated, but the apical portion is per-
fectly smooth.

1010. A. ailbreyi, n.s. Fuscous, head and thorax darkest, palpi
testaceous, antennse and tibiae rufo-testaceous, moderately shining. Head
punctulate, with impressed dorsal line. Thorax sub-transverse, regularly
rounded laterally, scarcely tubercular, base and apex truncate ; the disc
is somewhat convex, plane, but with indications of two round foveae near
the middle. Elytra long, broader than head or thorax, particularly near
the apex, where they are widest ; their sculpture is indistinct, but they
are feebly striated, with scarcely elevated interstices, the whole surface
being more or less rugulose. The fourth antennal joint is as short as the
third.

A iv



578 COLEOPTERA

Length, 3^-42 lines.

I am indebted to Miss Alice Aubrey for this species, as well as speci-
mens of a few others, which she found in the neighbourhood of Whan-
garei Heads.

Astetholida.

Nov. gen.

The species on which this genus is founded, I had, at first sight,
intended to refer to Astetholea ; the structure of the head, palpi, anten-
nae and thorax, however, forbid such an association, though the two
forms, apparently, have some resemblance to each other. The palpi are
of moderate length, with the apical joints strongly securiform. The
head is rather short, deflexed, and laterally rounded anteriorly, widest in
line with the eyes, where it is nearly as broad as the elytra, and curvedly
narrowed behind ; it bears a deeply impressed central line on the ver-
tex. The eyes are large, reniform, and coarsely facetted. The antenna
are eleven-jointed, scarcely longer than the body, inserted close to the
front part of the eyes ; scape curved and gradually incrassated ; second
articulation short ; the fourth shorter than all except the second ; the
rest about equal, and sparingly pilose. The thorax is -oviform, slightly
convex; dilated laterally at the middle, but tumid rather than tuber-
cular ; and slightly constricted close to the base. The elytra are three
times longer than the thorax, with prominent but rather obtuse shoul-
ders ; their sides are almost parallel with the suture, and the apices are
obtusely rounded. The legs are moderately long, the femora incras-
sated, and the two posterior pairs of tibiae are somewhat flexuose.

ion. A. lucida, n.s. Body bright, dark-rufous; antennse, palpi,
' and legs fulvous. Head coarsely punctured. Thorax with the base
and apex finely margined ; the disc is shining, almost smooth, having
only a few small punctures. The elyira are closely and coarsely punc-
tured from the base to the middle, from thence the punctation becomes
finer, so that they appear quite smooth towards the apex. The legs are
pubescent, the tibia are armed at the extremity with two short slender
spines ; the basal joint of the tarsus is longer than any of the others.

Length, 3! lines.

I could only find one specimen of this species at Tairua ; it is an
exceedingly active insect.

Blosyropus.

Redtenbacher ; Voy. Nov., Zool.

Corpus alatum, valde elongatum, supra depressum, lateraliter com-
pressum. Caput porrectum, postice elongatum, inter antennas bi-spino-
sum. Oculi oblongi, parum emarginati. Antenna undecim-articulatae,
in fronte ante oculos insertse, dimidio corporis vix longiores, articulo
primo magno, apice clavato, tertio multo longiore. Thorax cylindricus,
quadri-spinosus. Elytra apice truncata, bi-spinosa. Pedes breves, tenues,
antici coxis globosis, acetabulis extus angulatis tibiisque simplicibus, fili-
formibus.



OF NEW ZEALAND. 579

1012. B. SpillOSUS, Redten.; Voy. Nov., ZooL Fiisco-niger tomento
brevi subtus cinereo, supra fusco dense obtectus ; capite bi- thorace
quadri-spinoso ; elytris antice sparsim punctatis, marginis lateralis dimidio
antico obtuse bicostato, costis punctis profundis, seriatis limitatis.

Long., 20-4 lin.

I have not yet seen this species.

1013. B. Simpliceps, n.s. Fusco-castaneous, antennae and tibiae
rufo-castaneous. The head is rounded and rather elongated behind, the
muzzle short and quadrate, mandibles prominent, strong. The eyes are
reniform, coarsely facetted and placed laterally near the middle part of
the head. The antennas, are inserted in line with the anterior portion of
the eyes. There is a continuous dorsal impressed line on the head, the
vertex is somewhat concave and the surface is rugosely sculptured, with-
out however any tuberculate elevations. The thorax is longer than
broad, constricted anteriorly, with a strong acute lateral tubercle inclined
upwards at each side, and two discoidal sub-erect acute tubercles situa-



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