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and behaved gallantly ; acted as brigade-major to Major-General the
Earl of Cardigan, K.C.B., at Balaklava, and for a fortnight previously.
Sergeant Robert Davies, after having passed through the battery in
the light cavalry charge, perceiving a Russian field-piece limbered up
to retreat. Sergeant Davis called Private John T. Bambrick, who was
riding next him, to follow and endeavour to capture it ; in going to
perform this duty he was attacked by two Russian lancers, one of whom
he cut do-mi, the other shot his horse ; when on the ground he received
a lance wound on the right thigh ; he then caught a loose horse and
rejoined his regiment.

TWELFTH LANCERS.— Major Thomas George Alexander Oakes,
commanded a sqiiadron of the 12th. Lancers, detached as the escort
of General La Marmora, at the battle of the Tchernaya.



THE CRIxAIEAN CAMPAIGN. 485

THIRTEENTH LIGHT DRAGOOXS. — Captain Percy Shawe
Smith, distinguished conduct in the Light cavalry charge at Balaklava,
on the 25th. of October, 1854. Corporal William Gardiner, dis-
tinguished conduct on the same occasion.

.SEVENTEEN' TH LANCERS.— Colonel John Lawrensox, com-
manded the 17th. Lancers at the Alma, and a brigade of cavalry in the
campaign of 1855. Cornet James Duxcan, served the Eastern campaign
of 1851-5 to the end of the war, including the affair of the Bulganak,
the battles of the Alma, Balaklava (horse killed), and Inkermann (horse
killed), and siege of Sebastopol ; was never absent from the regiment,
Sergeant A. Ranson, embarked with the regiment for foreign service ;
was present at the battles of the Alma, where he distinguished him-
self ; Balaklava, where he again distinguished himself by engaging
and cutting down a Russian officer ; and Inkermann ; siege of Sebas-
topol ; was never absent from the regiment.

ROYAL ARTILLERY.— Major Fraxcis Beckford Wakd, served at
the siege and fall of Sebastopol ; commanded the Royal Artillery at the
battle of the Tcheruaya. Brevet-Lieutenant-Colonel Johx Ch.a.rles
William Fortescue, served at the battles of the Alma, Balaklava, and
Inkermann, and was present during the whole of the siege of Sebas-
topol. Bervet-Lieuteuant-Colonel Charles Hexry Morris, C.B., joined
the army in October, 1854, and remained with it until the termination
of the war ; was present at the sortie on the 26th. of October, at Inker-
mann, and in the trenches ; was with jMarshal Bosquet at the assault
of the Mamelon and Malakoff. Brevet-Lieutenant-Colonels Samuel
Exderby Gordon and the Honourable Edward Thomas Gage ; served
at the battles of the Alma and Balaklava, and was present during the
whole of the siege of Sebastopol. Brevet-Lieutenant- Colonel Charles
Stuart Hexry, the siege of Sebastopol ; was severely wounded (with
siege tram.) Brevet-Lieutenant-Colonel Hexry John Thomas ; the
siege of Sebastopol. Brevet-Major Philip Gosset Pipon, the campaign
of 1854-5 ; battles of the Alma and Balaklava ; siege of Sebastopol.
Brevet-Majors Gaspard Le Marchant Tupper and Charles Henry
Ingilby, the campaign of 1854-5 ; Balaklava and Inkermann, where
they were wounded ; sortie on the 26th of October, 1854 ; and siege of
Sebastopol. Brevet-Major Hentiy Peel Yates, the campaign of 1854-5 ;
battles of the Alma and Inkermann ; sortie on the 26th. of October,
1854 ; and siege of Sebastopol. Brevet-Major James Farbell Pexny-
cuiCK, the campaign of 1854-5 ; battle of Inkermann and siege of
Sebastopol. Brevet-ilajors Alexander Cjesar Hawkins and George
Shaw, served in the trenches to the fall of Sebastopol, the former from
March, and the latter from January, 1855. Brevet-Major Edward
]\IouBRAY, Eastern Campaign of 1854-5 ; battle of Inkermann ; siege of
Sebastopol ; commanded a battery in the Tcheruaya. Brevet -Major
William Wigram Barry, Eastern Campaign of 1854-5 ; battles of the
Alma, Balaklava, and Inkermann, and siege of Sebastopol. Brevet-



486 BRITISH WAK MEDALS.

ISIajor John Edavard Michell, Eastern Campaign of 1854-5 ; the Alma,
Balaklava. and siege of Sebastopol. Brevet-Majors George Cecil Hexry,
James Sixclair, and Lewis AVilliam Pexx (with siege train) ; Eastern
Campaign of 1854-5; Inkermami; and siege of Sebastopol; Major
Sinclair was very severely wounded during the siege. Brevet-Major
Edward Taddy, Eastern Campaign of 1854-5 ; the Alma, Balaklava,
and Inkermann ; siege of Sebastopol. Brevet-lNIajor Paget Walter
L'EsTRAXGE, Eastern Campaign of 1854-5 ; the siege of Sebastopol
(with siege train.) Brevet-Majors Reginald Henry Champion (with
siege train), and William Gilly Andrews, the campaign of 1854-5 ;
battle of Inkermann and siege of Sebastopol. Brevet-Major William
George Le Mesurier, the Alma, Balaklava, and siege of Sebastopol.
Lieutenants Benjamin Geale Humfrey, Sir John William Campbell,
Bart., Edward John Ward, Frederick Augustus Anley, Charles Orde
Browne, Henry Barlow Maule, and Charles Fyshe Egberts ; all
served in the trenches to the fall of Sebastopol ; the first, second, fourth,
and seventh from March, 1855 ; the thii'd and sixth from IMay; and the
fifth from Ax^ril. Staff-Surgeon William Perry, served at the battle of
the Alma, the rej)ulse of the sortie on the 26th. of October, 1854, and
the battle of Inkermann ; was also present throughout the whole of the
siege of Sebastopol. Assistant-Surgeon Essex Bowen, served at the
battle of Inkermann ; was also present throughout the whole of the
siege of Sebastopol ;''served in the trenches from October, 1854 (the first
bombardment) to May, 1855. Troop Sergeant-Major J. Beardsley, was
present dimng the whole of the campaign, and served at the battles of
the Alma and Balaklava with great zeal and gallantry. Company
Sergeant-Major J. Hamilton, recommended for his bravery and dis-
tinguished conduct in the trenches ; was also remarkable for the
example of coolness and intrepidity he offered to others ; received the
medal for distinguished conduct in the field. Sergeant John Hamilton,
.served in the trenches without intermission from December, 1854, to
the fall of Sebastopol. Sergeant Samuel Ewing, served in the first,
second, third, and fourth bombardments against Sebastopol ; when in
command of a gun in the bombardment between the 6th. and the 10th.
of June. 1855, he exposed himself freely in the embrasures, and
encouraged the men ; was a volunteer for the spiking party which left
the trenches to assail the Redan on the 18th. of June, 1855, on wliich
occasion he lost a leg. Sergeant Daniel Dowling, afterwards Lieu-
tenant, military train ; served throughout the whole of the Crimean
Campaign ; was present at the battles of the Alma, Balaklava, sortie
on the 26th. of October, 1854, and Inkermami ; served as a volunteer
in the second and third bombardments against Sebastopol ; was
wounded on the 7th. of June, 1855, and noticed for his gallant conduct
on two occasions. Sergeant George Symons, served with great gallantry
with the eighteen-pounders at the battle of Inkermann, and dis-
tinguished himself repeatedly in the trenches during the siege by his



THE CRIMEAN CAMPAIGX. 487

great zeal, gallantry, and good conduct ; was severely wounded in
June, 1855. Sergeant Moses Hunter and Bombardier Daxiel Cam-
bridge, served in the trenches throughout the whole of the siege of
Sebastopol ; the former was distinguished for his good conduct and
bravery in the trenches, and the latter formed one of the spiking party
on the 8th. of September, 1855, on which occasion he was severely
wounded ; Bombardier Cambridge received the Victoria Cross. Bom-
bardier W. Eamsey, served with zeal and distinction in the trenches
throughout the whole siege of Sebastopol ; particularly distinguished
himself in the June bombardment in the advanced batteries of the left
attack, where he took charge of the gun on which the heaviest fire was
directed, and performed the du.ties required of him in a most gallant
and able manner. Acting-Bombardier H. Collier, was present at the
battles of the Alma, Balaklava, and Inkermann, and during the whole
of the siege of Sebastopol ; as a driver he was constantly engaged in
taking ammunition to the trenches ; also accompanied the expedition
to Kinburn. Gunner and Driver Edward O'Briex, served in the
trenches in five bombardments against Sebastopol, and with the spiking,
party (as volunteer) upon two different occasions, namely, the 18th. of
June and the 8th. of September, 1855. Gunner and Driver Jacob
M'Garry, sei'ved at the battle of the Alma, and was detached with the
Turks in one of the advanced redoubts in front of Balaklava, on the
25th. of October, 1854; upon the Turks retiring from the redoubts
on the advance of the Eussians he remained to spike the guns in his
charge, for which (conduct he received the approval of Her Majesty,
conveyed through the Secretary of State for War. Gunner and Driver
Thomas Arthur, was present at five bombardments against Sebastopol,
and formed one of the spiking party of artillery on the 18th. of June,
1855, as a volunteer, on which occasion he was severely wounded.
Gunner and Driver John Death, served in the trenches throughout the
whole of the siege of Sebastopol, and was present with one of the two
eighteen-pounders at the battle of Inkermann. Gunner and Driver
John Barrett, served at the battle of the Alma, and was detached with
the Turks in one of the advanced redoubts in front of Balaklava, on
the 25th. of October, 1854 ; when the Turks retired from the redoubts
on the advance of the Eussians, he remained to sjiike the guns in his
charge, for which conduct he received the approval of Her Majesty,
conveyed through the Secretary of State for War.

EOYAL ENGINEEES.— Colonel John William Gordon, C.B., the
Eastern Campaign of 1854-5, the battle of the Alma, and the siege
of Sebastopol ; was second in command of the Eoyal Engineers ;
was severely wounded on the night of the 22nd. of March, 1855.
Colonel Frederick Edward Chapman, C.B., and Lieutenant-Colonel
Edward Stanton C.B. ; the Eastern Campaign of 1854-5, battles
of the Alma and Inkermann, and the whole siege of Sebastopol.
Lieutenant-Colonel James Frankfort M.^nners Browne, C.B., the



488 BRITISH WAR MEDALS.

siege of Sebastopol ; was engaged at the captiire of the Quarries ;
was very severely wounded, in the trenches on the 24th. of Aiigust,
1855. Major Horace William Montague, the Eastern Cam]3aign
of 1854-5; the siege of Sebastopol till taken prisoner on the 22nd. of
March, 1855 ; rejoined the army shortly before the termination of
the siege. Major Fairfax Charles Hassard, the siege of Sebas-
topol ; expedition to Kertch. Major Charles Brisban'e Ewart,
the Eastern Campaign of 1854-5 ; the Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann,
and siege of Sebastopol. Major Fra>"cis Horatio De Vere, the Eastern
Campaign of 1854-5 ; the Alma, Balaklava, and the siege of Sebastopol.
Lieutenant Wildraham Gates Lennox, rendered distinguished service
during the siege of Sebastopol ; has received the decoration of the
Victoria Cross. Lieutenant Arthur Leary, rendered distinguished
service during the early part of the siege of Sebastopol. Lieutenant
Francis Edward Pratt, rendered distinguished service during the siege
of Sebastopol. Private A. M'Caughev, rendered distinguished service
on various occasions during the siege of Sebastopol, particularly at
Egerton's rifle-pit. Second Corporal W. Baker, distinguished for his
courage and coolness on the morning after breaking ground in the
trenches before Sebastopol. Private W. Tumble, rendered distinguished
service during the siege in the trenches before Sebastopol, particularly
on the 5th. of November, 1854.

GRENADIER GUARDS.— Colonel Charles William Ridley, C.B.,
commanded the Grenadier Guards for the first six months of the siege
of Sebastopol, in 1855, and subsequently a brigade in the first division
during the remainder of the siege, and till the end of the year. Lieu-
tenant-Colonel Lord Arthur Hay, served during the siege of Sebastopol
from the end of 1854 \intil the termination of the war ; a great part of
the time as assistant adjutant-general to the first division. Captain
Charles Napier Sturt, serv^ed during the Eastern Campaign, including
the battles of the Alma, Balaklava, and Inkermann ; at the latter was
severely wounded ; and siege of Sebastopol. Captain Henry William
Verschoyle, served through the whole of the campaign, and carried
the regimental colours at Inkermann, when surrounded by the enemy.
Captain Robert William Hamilton, was wounded when carrying the
colours at the Alma, but continued with them throughout that day ;
was with the colours again at Inkermann, when surrounded by the
enemy. Colour- Sergeant Richard Minor, was with the colours when
surrounded by the enemy at Inkermann. Private Thomas Sharpe,
served with distinction both at the Alma and Inkermann.

COLDSTREAM GUARDS.— Lieutenant-Colonel Clement William
Strong ; served in the Eastern Campaign, including the battles of the
Alma, Balaklava, and Inkermann, and siege of Sebastopol. Lieutenant-
Colonel Lord Augustus Charles Lennox Fitz Roy ; served at the
battles of Balaklava and Inkermann, and at the latter was very
severely wounded; siege of Sebastopol. Brevet-Majors Philip Sam-



THE CRIMEAN CAMPAIGN. 489

HROOK Crawley and Sir James Dunlop, Bart. ; were present at the
Alma, Balaklava, and Inkermann, and the whole of the trench duty.
Brevet- Major John AtrarsTus Connolly ; served during the Eastern
Campaign of 1854, with the 49th. regiment, including the battle of the
Alma and siege of Sebastopol ; was highly distinguished and severely
wounded at the repulse of the sortie made on the second division on
the 26th. of October, 1854 ; has received the decoration of the Victoria
Cross, Sergeant G-. Haynes and Lance - Sergeant F. File ; were
present at the Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann, and the whole of the
trench duty. After the battle of Inkermann, Lance -Sergeant File was
sent with a party of four men to collect the wounded ; having sent the
party to camp with the wounded men, he found, when alone, twenty-
nine Russians (three of them severely woiinded) in a qiiarry ; he took
them prisoners, without resistance, and brought them to camp.

SCOTS FUSILIER GUAJIDS.— Colonel Edward Walker Forestier
Walker, C.B. ; Commanded the Scots Fusilier Guards in the Crimea
from the 22nd. of September to the end of the war ; was at the action
of Balaklava and Inkermann (were he was severely wounded), and the
siege of Sebastopol. Brevet-Major the Honourable Wenham Clarence
Walpole Coke ; served with zeal at the siege of Sebastopol, and
distinguished himself by his coobiess under fire in the trenches,
Brevet-Major the Honourable Alexander Edward Frazer ; served
during the Eastern Campaign of 1854 and part of 1855, including the
battles of the Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann, and siege of Sebastopol.
Captain Seymour John Blane ; served during the Eastern Campaign
of 1854-5, including the action of Balaklava and battle of Inkermann,
where he was severely wounded. Siege of Sebastopol. Cajptain John
ScoTT ; served the Crimean Campaign with distinction, especially at
the battle of the Alma ; he was then in the 79th. regiment. He after-
wards served before Sebastopol in the Scots Fusilier Guards, with
credit to himself and benefit to the service. Sergeant John McBlain ;
served throughout the whole campaign ; he was present at the Alma,
Balaklava, Inkermann, and siege of Sebastopol. Sergeant J. Stewart ;
distinguished liimself by his gallantry at the battles of the Alma,
Balaklava, and Inkermann, and siege of Sebastopol.

FIRST REGIMENT, FIRST BATTALION.— Lieutenant-Colonel
Alexander Barry Montgomery, C.B. ; served through the Eastern
Campaign of 1854, including the battles of the Alma and Inkermann,
and siege of Sebastopol, up to the 23rd. of August, 1855. Brevet-
Lieutenant - Colonel the Honourable Charles Dawson Plunkett ;
served during the Eastern Campaign of 1854-5, including the battles of
the Alma and Inkermann, and siege of Sebastopol. Captains William
Frederick John Rudd, and William Spicer Cookworthy' ; faithful,
zealous, and active in the discharge of their duties throughout the
whole campaign. Lieutenant Frederick Harry Hope ; served the
Eastern Campaign of 1854-5, including the battles of the Alma and



490 BRITISH WAR MEDALS.

lukermann, and siege of Sebastopol. Sergeant-Major R. Henshali>
and Coloiir-Sergeant William M'Dowell ; faithful, zealous, and active
in the discharge of arduous duties throughout the whole campaign.

FIRST REGIMENT, SECOND BATTALION.— Brevet-Lieutenant-
Colonel Fraxcis Gregor Ui^QUHART ; was present at the siege of
Sebastopol from the 22nd. of April, 1855. Major William James
GiLLUM ; rendered constant, zealous, and efficient service in the trenches-
before Sebastopol from the 22nd. of April to the 8th. of September,
1855, on which day, during the attack on the Redan, he was severely
wounded (lost a leg). Private G. Woodhouse; rendered constant,
active, willing, and efficient service in the trenches before Sebastopol
from the 22nd. of April to the 8th. of September, 1855. His claims
to distinction were considered to entitle him to receive the French
Military War Medal had there been more for distribution.

THIRD REGIMENT.— Colonel Charles Thomas Van Straubenzee,
C.B. ; served during the siege of Sebastopol from the 22nd. of April,
1855, and commanded a brigade of the light division at the assault on
the Redan on the 8th. of September, 1855. Brevet-Major George
James Ambrose ; displayed conspicuous bravery when in command of
a party (two hundred) of the Buffs on the 7th. of June, 1855,
in repelling a sortie of the enemy in their endeavour to retake the
Quarries, when he was dangerously wounded ; was also present at the
attack and capture of the Quarries in the earlier part of the day;
promoted to be Brevet-Major for his services on that occasion ; was
mentioned in the despatch of the 20th. of June, 1855. Private John
Fahey ; on the night of the 14th. of August, 1855, was one of a picket
posted at the head of a ravine in front of a working party ; the picket
was in the open ; a very heavy fire was commenced by the enemy iipon
the working party ; Private Fahey was the only one of the picket who
stood his ground, which he did all night.

FOURTH REGIMENT. — Lieutenant- Colonel John Josiah Hort
and Caiatain Francis Fisher Hamilton ; served the Eastern Campaign,
including the battles of the Alma and Inkermann and siege of
Sebastopol ; Captain Hamilton was wounded at the Alma. Captain
Augustus Joseph Sykes ; was present with the head-quarters of his
regiment during the whole Eastern Campaign ; was cheerful and zealous
in the performance of his duties during the period of the siege opera-
tions. Lieutenant John How^ley ; joined the head-quarters of his
regiment in the Crimea on the 8th. of November, 1857 ; was remark-
able for zeal and activity in the discharge of his duty on all occasions
when under fire ; remained with his regiment until the embarkation of
the army for England in 1856. Sergeant J. M'Ardell ; served con-
tinuously with liis regiment throughout the Eastern Campaign ; was
always most conspicuous for the active, cheerful, and zealous perfor-
mance of his duty in the trenches during the winter of 1854-5;
frequently volunteered and went on the trenches night after night



THE CRIMEAN CAMPAIGN. 491

with readines?, wlieu (owing to excessive sickness), snificient non-
commissioned officers could not be found for duty. Private Thomas
ScAXNELLS ; served continuously with his regiment during tlie whole of
the Eastern Campaign. On the night of the .5th. of May, 185.5, this
man was on sentry in front of tlae advanced trench before Sebastopol,
when a small party of the 4th. regiment, under the command of
Captain Arnold, was surprised by a large body of Russians, who fired
upon them (mortally wounding and taking prisoner Captain Arnold)
and compelled them to retire ; when consequent on the surprise and
confusion which existed, some of the sentries on adjacent posts ran
into the trench ; Private Scannells, however, remained firm at his post,
and by liis example encouraged tlie other sentries to stand fast.

SEVENTH REGIMENT. — Lieutenant- Colonel Regixald Yoxge
Shipley ; was present at the battle of tlie Alma, where he was very
severely wounded. Brevet-Lieutenant- Colonel John Rowley Heyland ;
served in the siege of Sebastopol in 1855 ; he was very severely
wounded at the attack on the Redan on the 8th. of September, 1855.
Brevet-Major Hugh Robert Hikkert ; served the Eastern Campaign of
1854-5 ; the Alma (wounded), Inkermann, siege of Sebastopol, assaults
on the Redan on the 18th. of June and the 8th. of September ; was
wounded in the trenches, and very severely on the 8th. of September,
1855. Lieutenant William Hope ; at the great explosion of the French
siege train, on tlie 15th. of November, 1855, Lieutenant Hope was con-
spicuous for his coolness and activity when in charge of a fatigue party
to cover tlie mdl with wet blankets ; the roof had been blown off, and
one liundred and sixty tons of gunpowder were exposed to the fire of
burning materials, rockets, etc. ; lie mounted the mill and by his
courage and example saved the magazme, which was momentarily
expected to explode, and preserved the lives of probably hundreds of
the light division. He had previously distinguished himself at the
assault and taking of the Quarries. He received the decoration of the
Victoria Cross. Private William B.uirack ; volunteered for sharp-
shooting on the 17th. of October, 1854, and continued with the sharp-
shooters until the battle of Inkermann, where he was severely wounded ;
on the ITth. of October, 1854, he was taken prisoner while out with the
sharpshooters, and made his escape the same day. Private John.
M'Guire ; on the 6th. of May, 1855, Private John M'Gutre, at the risk
of his own life, brought in a wounded comrade who was lying in
the Woronzoff road ; to perform this meritorious act he was obliged
to cross a considerable space of open ground, exp)osed to the fire of the
Russian sharjjshooters. Private John M'Guire was also present at the
battles of the Alma and Inkermann, the storming of the Quarries, and
both the assaults on the Great Redan. Deserted since he was recom-
mended for the medal, wliich he, in consequence, forfeited.

NINTH REGIMENT. —Lieutenant -Colonel Fredehick D. Lister ;
served durmg the siege of Sebastopol, from the 27th. of November,.



492 BRITISH WAR MEDALS.

1854, till the capture of the place. Captain AVii.liam Nugent ; dis-
played gallant conduct in the trenches on several occasions between the
27th. of November, 1854, and the 8th. of September, 1855 ; also dtiriug
the attack on the Cemetery on the 18th. of June, 1855. Sergeant P.
DoxoHUE ; displayed gallant conduct in the trenches on many occasions
during the siege of Sebastopol ; also on the 18th. of June, 1855, during
the attack on the Cemetery.

FOURTEENTH REGIMENT.— Colonel Maurice Barlow, Brevet-
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir James Edward Alexander, and Brevet-lMajor
W. C. Trevor; served in the siege of Sebastopol from January, 1855.
Colonel Barlow was in command of a brigade at the fall of the place.
Captain John Gittens Maycock ; was present with the 47th. regiment
at the battles of the Alma, sortie on the 26th. of October, 1854, and
Inkermann ; wounded at the Alma. Sergeant W. Hopkins ; par-
ticularly recommended by the officers of the regiment for zealous and
exemplary conduct in the trenches.

SEVENTEENTH REGIMENT.— Brevet-Major Alexander M'Kin-
stry ; displayed gallant conduct on the 18th. of June, 1855, at the
assault on the Great Redan. Colour-Sergeant H. Gibson ; displayed
remarkable intelligence and general gallantry in the trenches through-
out the whole time the regiment served at the siege of Sebastopol.

EIGHTEENTH REGIMENT.— Lieutenant- Colonel John Clark
Kennedy, C.B. ; served in the siege of Sebastopol from December,

1854, including the attack on the Cemetery on the 18tli. of June, 1855.
Brevet- Lieutenant- Colonel George Frederick Stevenson Call ; siege
of Sebastopol in ] 855. Lieutenant Thomas Durand Baker; displayed
great gallantry on the 18th. of June, 1855, at the assault of Sebastopol,
and zeal in the trenches. Private J. Weir ; displayed gallant conduct
at the assault of Sebastopol on the 18th. of June, 1855, specially, and
on several previous occasions.

NINETEENTH REGIMENT.— Lieutenant- Colonel Robert Warden;
served the campaign of 1844 and 1855, including the battles of the
Alma and Inkermann, at both of which he was wounded ; the whole
of the siege of Sebastopol ; and was also engaged at the attack on the



Online LibraryThomas CarterWar medals of the British army, and how they were won → online text (page 47 of 64)