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vernment and (irongcr Defence of the fa id Houfc: KNOW YE, there-
fore, That, for the Honour of GOD, and his moft glorious Mother
the Virgin Mary; of the bleffed Archangel St. Michael, all of
that Celeftial Order, with Angels, and holy Spirits; of the bleffed
Thomas the Martyr late Archbishop of Canterbury, and all the
Saints of the Almighty Being: For the fpiritual Affection which
we have and bear to the mofl devout Religion of the Order of Car-
thufians, according to the Licenfe and Authority of our moft dread
Sovereign Lord Edward, late King of England, the Third (of that
Name) after the Conque/1, now deceased, and of Others, whofe Coufcut
was neceffary to be obtain d in this Affair: We found, and erect, in
one of our Meffuages, without the Walls of the f aid Town 0/K1NGS-
TON-upon-HULL, a certain Religious Houfe to continue for ever.
And in the Room of the faid Nuns, or Sifters, (which arc not yet
appointed for that Place) let there be Thirteen Monks of the
aforefaid Carthufian Order ; one of which to be called and elected
Prior : And, according to the Rule of his Order, have a Regimen
over Others ; by whom, we believe their Rules will be kept more
fafely, and with more Vigilance and Devotion, than by Women, thro"
all Probability, m the aforefaid Houfe: Which, from this Time, we
will, order, couftitute, and ordain, by thefe our Letters, shall be called,
The Religious Houfe of St MICHAEL of the Carthusian
Order. A ud by the Affeut of the Greater Prior of the Carthufians in
the Savoy, who is Principal of the Order of the aforefaid I louse, from
whence alfo the faid Order took its Original; we appoint M after
Walter de Kele, Prior of the Monks of the aforefaid Monaftery.
We give alfo, and grant, by Licence and Authority of the moji noble
Prince, and our Sovereign Lord R.ICHAR] >, now the illujlrious King
of England, and op Others, whom it concemeth; and by thefe we con-
firm, to the aforefaid Prior and Monks, the faid Meffuage, with the
Appurtenances, containing 7 Acres of Land, which formerly WOS a
a Parcel of the Manor of My ton, eat I'd La Maifon J)ieu, and which

from this Time we will should be called the Houfe of St. Michael 0/
the Order of Carthufians of KlNGSTON-upon-1 1 1 1.1 , as heretofore;
'her with a certain Chapel, built on the faid Meffuage; and all
other Buildings flatlding thereupon, with all Appurli nances whatjo-
CVer, as it is filiated, within a certain Pitfall of Jhtme [Catherine
de la Pole, our moll dear Mother towards the Wcji ; and a certain

llolpital,



70 CHAP. III. Continuation of the CHARTER.

Hofpital of ours, now called La Maifon Dieu, facing the Eafl, and
a Trench of our afore/aid Mother towards the South ; and the Laud,
formerly belonging to ROGER SWERDE, towards the North. And
alfo the Advowfon of the Church of Fofton, to be fojfefsd and enjoy* 'd

by hiu/fe/f and his Sueceffors : To wit, the fa id Meffuage, with a
Chapel, Edifices, and aforesaid Appurtenances, as an Habitation for
them; together with free and fufficicut Ingrcfs and Egrcfs to the
f aid Meffuage and A dvowfon,asan Endowment to tJicaforefaid Prior
and Monks, and their Successors, by due and accuflonid Service to
the Chief Lords of the Eccs, for ever. We grant therefore, by the
Licenfe and Authority aforefaid, that the Manor of Sculcotcs, with
its Appurtenances, and 10 Meffuagcs, 2 Caracutcs of Land, ioo
Acres of Pasture, and 10 Marks of the Income of the Lands, with
the Appurtenances, in Bifhop-Burton, and Sutton in Holdcrnefs,
which Thomas Ravnard, Clerk, holds for Term of Life, after the
Demifc of JOHN de Nevill, Kt. (and -which, after the Death of
the fa id THOMAS, are to remain to Us, and our Heirs) after the
Dcccafe of the f aid Thomas, should continue to the aforefaid Prior
and Monks, together with the fa id Meffuage and Advoivfon, given
and affign d to him as abovefaid by us, and the aforefaid Church
appropriated by us for ever, for the Time to come.

Alfo that the faid Prior and Monks, by Vertue of the faid
Licenfe and Authority aforefaid, the faid Meffuage, and its Appur-
tenances, with a Paffaqe, jor going out, and entering therein, with
the Advowfon aforefaid, shall receive them, as they are given and
afjignd by us; and appropriate the faid Church, and it, so appro-
priated, keep to their own proper life; and the aforefaid Manor,
Meffuages, Land, Paflure, and Profits, with Appurtenances, shall
remain to them, as above, after the Death of the faid THOMAS ;
and may enter (hereupon, and keep to themfelves, and their
Sueceffors aforesaid, by Services due and accuflomed, of the Chief
Lord of the Fee, for ever.

We will, therefore, and ordain, that the said Prior and Monks,
and their Sueceffors, do especially recommend in their Church-Ser-
vice, Prayers, and other Divine Offices, the State of our Sovereign
Lord King RICHARD aforesaid, and of Us; and our noble Lady
und Mother KATHARINE, and KATHARINE our mofl dear Consort;
Mafler* EDMUND our Brother; MICHAEL our Son and Heir;

and

* He was Governour of Calais: But proved fo unkind a Brother, that when
this very MICHAEL, who became Earl of Suffolk, was obliged (after his Royal
Mafter's Eorces were defeated by thofe of fome of the Lords) to fly to him, in
France, Anno 1387, for Shelter, in his Diftrefs ; he not only refils'd to grant

his



The Conclufion of the CHARTER. Jl

and all our Children and Heirs. And in like manner to pray for
the Happincfs of the venerable Father Alexander Archbishop of
York, John de t Xfbt'U Lord of Raby, and Lord Richard le
^Crop, whilft living : And when we are all departed this Life,
let them offer (and eanfe to be offered) Prayers for our Souls ; ef-
pecially, and perpetually, for That of our Sovereign Lord Edward
aforefaid, and like-wife of our mofi dear Father ; for the Souls of
Thomas and Walter, our Brothers, Knights ; Blanch, our Sifter,
late Wife of I Lord Richard le £fTOU ; for the Souls of

Ralph cle flrbill the Fa [aid

John . Eati - \\ '.;' oj the aforefaid

John ; for all our Benefactors, and of our Father s, for whom ive
are bound to pray, and for the Souls of all the Faithful departed.
And We, the aforefaid Michael and our Heirs, the fa id Meffuage,
Chapel, and Edifices, with all the Appurtenances, in the fa id Town
of* Uingfltoit, the f aid Advowson, and aforefaid Manor, Mef-
fuagcs, Land, Pajlurc, and Profits, with the Appurtenances, to re-
main with them as above, with what shall accrue ; We will war-
rant and defend, againfl all Perfons, to the aforefaid Prior and
Monks, and their Succeffors, for ever, fu Tcflimony of which
Thing, we have fit our Seal to thefe Prefents. Witncffcd by
the aforefaid Richard le ScrOV, then Chancellor of ENGLAND ;
Thomas de Sutton, Gerard de ZXHttt, Walter Fauconberge,
and Robert de j^tlton, Knights; Richard dcjFctxibit t then Mayo
of the fa id Town of KlNGSTON-upon-HULL ; Robert de £di)£,
Walter de jFfOBt, and others of the fame Town. Given at
Kingfton-upon-Hnll, the 18th Day of February, in the Year
of our LORD, 1378, in the Second Year of the Reign of our
Sovereign Lord King RICHARD aforefaid.



bu Protection, Uu feiz'd and deliver'd him up to tin.- Lord Beauckamp, who
commanded in the Town, by whom he was fenl Prifoner into England, where
lie was foon at Liberty by the King, for whofe Caufe it was, that he was thus
obliged another Time to depart Hie Realm, and die in a Foreign Country.

t From the NEVWt Family fprung the Venerable Archbishop USHER'.
■ whofe Anceftore having been Ushei to King John, occafion'd thai Fa<
vomite to change hi me for that <>t in 1 in

• In After-Time^, a gn I Bi Factor to both tin- Churches, in /full, bequeathed
Us Manfion-Houfe, (in which wa 11 '" the Roof, with old Pi.

tolerably well painted on Wood) t" thefe Carthufians, Twi buill in the
High-Street, oppoftte Bishop- Lane, which afterwards becami the Propertj ..! the

Hildyards. On feveral Parti <>i il wi 1 ! \i-. , Or. with

ili.- Hark '.f a Merchant; But tin- Name "i 1 ' 1 first Owno i. unknown.
Much the like Arms are home hy p'/i/i Halt, Qi Bradford, in Wiltshire, Blq.

K



72 Chap, hi, Sir Michael erecls an Hofpital, Chapel, &c.

After this, in March, Anno 1383, Sir Michael was made
Lord Chancellor by King Richard II. being the 6th of his Reign.
The Year following the Knight founded and endow'd anf Hofpital,
with a \ Chapel over-againft it, for the U(c of poor People: And
over-againft the Weft-End of St. Mary's Church, in a Place, an-
tiently called Market-Gate, he erected a (lately Palace. The mag-
nificent Gate- Houfe, made of Brick, was fupported by great Tim-

4 r\ r • *• ■ x ber, having two Chambers, and cover'd with
A Defmptton of a Tv)c . Th ;. o , thjs firft Paffage> an(J an Entry

famous 1 alace, aj- ^ Foot brQadj and 1QQ bng> was a fpacious
forwards called, ine Towerj , )llilt ()f Brick and Stonc> 3 stories
Duke of buttolk s. highcover » d with Lead, in which were Cham-
bers 18 Foot Square : From hence was a Court- Yard, the Space of
half an Acre, paved with large Stones: About which were 17
Chambers (7 below Stairs, and 10 above) having Chimnies and
Jacks in them, as thofe had in the aforefaid Tower. On one Side

was

t It was pull'd down in the Civil Wars, but rebuilt after the Reftoration :
When the Arms of the De la Poles, having been found amongft the Ruins,
was placed over the Door, with this Infcription.

Deo & Paupcribus pofuit Dom. Michael de la POLE, A.D. 1384.

THUS P a R a p H r a s ' d, in Regard £ By famous Michael de la Pole,

to the Memory of Sir WILLIAM. \ < >f Spirit, like his Father's Soul :

TN Thirteen Hundred Eighty Four, jj Who fmish'd what that Knight begun,

This Houfe was built, for needy Poor, * And gave to Gon, when he had done.

X This too had the fame Fate ; But being rebuilt upon the old Foundation,
there was placed, over the Entrance, the following Infcription.

Hoc Sacellum Deo & Paupcribus pofuit Dom MICHAEL de la Pole, Anno Dom.
1384. quod ingruente Bello Civili dirutum, An. 1643. tandem auctius inflaura-
tumfuit Anno 1673. Richardo Kitfon, S. T. B. Reclore Domus Dei fuper Hull.

ON WHICH I THIS PARAPHRASE.

HTHen, mindful they should God adore, "} But rolling Years its Head has rais'd,

He built this Chapel for thofe Poor, *; Where Chrifc is taught, Jehovah prais'd.
'Twas ruin'd (piteous Sight to fee ! ) may Six Hundred Seventy Three,

In Sixteen Hundred Forty Three, » An happy Year, remember'd be ;

When Churches defecrate were laid, | When Richard K'itjon, (good Divine !)

As if Religion was decay'd. I \ Rector of GOD's Houfe, did shine.

And a new Hofpital having been built, near this Chapel, (for the better Reception
of the Poor, which the other was not well able to contain, nlong with the
Mafter and his Family) there is this Infcription over the Entrance.
Deo 6° Pauperibus pofuit Michael de la Polk. Hoc omnes separata Domus
perduret in Annos. W. Ainfworth, Rafior, A.D. 1663.
Thus Enlarc'd. ! Its humble Pile let nothing fever ;

"C Recced too, by Pole's Command, \ Since nowrepair'd, may't last for ever !

A gracious Monument to ftand, * May Sixteen Hundred Sixty Three, \

For Sanctuary to the Poor, », And Rev'rend Ainfworth, always be \

Who here may live, nndHcav'n implore : •*? Blest in a happy Memory ! '



A Defcription of the famous Palace, founded by him. 73

was a great Hall, to dine in, built of the ljke Materials, 60 Foot
long, and 40 broad. At the Weft End, was a large Chamber, 60
in Length, and 20 in Breadth, with two adjoining Rooms, which
had the fame Conveniences ; and at the Eaft, were Pantries, &c.
with Lodgings over them: Beyond which, was a great Kitchen, 20
Foot Square, leaded at the Top ; with a Larder, and Scullery, co-
vered with Tyle. North of the Hall, ftood a beautiful * Chapel, I
fuppofe, dedicated to St. Mi eh a el the Archangel, 28 Foot long, and
15 broad, built of fine Brick and Stone, which was cover'd with
Lead : And, North of the Court, was an Entrance into a greater
Area than the Yard aforefaid, which contained a whole Acre of Land,
ufefully ornamented with a Fifh-Pond, and Dove-Cote, all flrongly
wall'd about. Weft of this, in like manner furrounded, there was
a beautiful Field, containing 2 Acres Pafture. Before the Great
Hall Window, was a moft charming Flower-Garden, contrived with
wonderful Curiofity. in the Space of an Acre of Ground, enclofed
by a fair Wall: Adjoining to which, was the Kitchen-Garden, in |
of that Compafs, which had in it another Dove-Cote. South of
the aforefaid Hall, or Dining-Room, was a Court, the Extent of
a Rood, about which were erected Houfes for Baking, Brewing,
Warning, and all other Conveniences whatever.

To this Grandeur rofe the Palace erected by Sir MICHAEL ;
to which, no doubt, but fomeof thefe Parts had been added by his
Succeffors : But, befides what has been mention'd of his Perform-
ances, he erected three fumptuous Houfes, with ftately Towers :
Two of which were in the Town ; and the Third, which yielded
a beautiful Profpe<5l, ftood on the pleafant Bank of Hull River.

As he appears to have been a Perfon of remarkable Generofity,
I am little inclin'd to believe the Reflections againft him, wrote by
an

* The Chapel, and Garden, were call'd, The King's ; probably from their Con-
fifcation, at various Times. In the Year 1538, a Survey was taken of this
magnificent Building i Two Years afterwards, Henry VIII. (vifiting the Town)
beautify' d, repair'd, and enlarg'd it. Not many Years after, he granted the
whole Buildings, with all belonging, to Sir Henry Gate, and Dame Lucy his
Wife, foi what Services they had done him : From them it came, in Queen Eli-
la&etA'i Reign, to the HUayartTs of Wynjlta\ who rented it for a Great Mart :
But King Charlt \. hired it, at 50/. yearly, for a Magazine, which he had provided.

Henry Ilildyard, Efq. fold it. Anno 1 648, b> the Mayor and Aldermen : And it

»ughl of them, in the Year 1661, by limey HiJdyard, of Eajl Ifor/eley, in the
County of Surrey, Efq ; by whom it was fold t" other Perfons : Who, pulling

down the whole, converted it into feveral Habitations, Inch as we may behold

at this Day, In what Parish the old Manoi lay, was once a Subject ol Conten*

lion. \ Storj 1 told, of 1 tran Dei on, thai ■ Perfon, called John of the

Honvlmg Green, in lhmy VTIIth Time, who lived within the Manor, I'iny'd

a beloved Hog of bis in th> Low-Church-Yard, for which he was everely pun-
ish'd. From hence, tl hid<d, the Mi n i (and, ii o, confoquently

the IWW Building, must have been) within that Parish.



74 Chap. ill. Death oj Sir Michael : And a further

an envious Poet ; and lefs, to make Obfervations on fuch Times,
when Minifters are hat£d for being faithful to their Sovereigns, which
indeed feem'd to have been his Cafe. But however he wasvilify'd
by many, he was belov'd l>y his King ; who, the yth Year of his
Reign, 1385, created him Earl of Suffolk, in Right of his Wife ELI-
ZABETH, elded Daughter to Sir*JOHN WlNGFIELD, who married

Elizabeth, Daughter and Heir to Gilbert Glanville, Earl
q{ Suffolk. After receiving this Dignity, he earneftly requefted,

that he might be freed from his Chancellorfhip, which was granted.
He prevail'd with the King t<» enlarge the Charter of Kingjlon-
nfoii-Hitll, with main- other Priviledges ; one of which was, the
promoting of a good Harbour. But fo unfortunate was this Great
Man, that he was openly accufed, in the Year 1386. The Objec-
tion againft him, was, That he had defrauded the King of his an-
nual Rents ; in particular 4000 Marks Yearly of the Cuftoms in
Hull. Notwithstanding which, being much in Favour with his
Prince, he was let at Liberty: But, in 1388, the
The Fall and Parliament, who then were called Unmerciful, im-
Dcath of this peach'd him, with others, of jBJtgrj'tirrrABOn;
great Bene- whofe Kftate therefore being feiz'd upon, he was
factor. obliged a fecond Time to fly to France ; where,

no doubt, but he avoided the Hands of his 1111-
protecting and unnatural Brother ; and travelling to Paris for Shel-
ter, he died, the Year after, in that great City.

Tlio' the End of this Favourite might be accounted unhappy ;
yet feveral Defcendents from him were more unfortunate, but in
different Degrees remarkable for Adverfity, Profperity and Glory.

* U .■ . • r For* Michael de la Pole, the valiant Earl of
Continuation of <■ n- ,, , • ..1 c - c n a a

, p ., t fY). ^iijjolk, was slain at the Siege of Harfleur, An-

p \ ' * ' no 1415. His eldeft Son foon after loft his

Life at the famous Battle of Agincourt ; two

younger fell in thofe Wars ; and a devout Perfon, (who was in Holy

Orders) dy'd about that Time, as appears by the following Infcrip-

tion on his Grave-Stone, in the Collegiate Church of WlN'GFlELO.

Here licth the Body of Mafier John de la Pole, {Son 4/" Michael

de la Pole, formerly Earl of Suffolk) Batchellor of Laics, Canon

of the Cathedral Church off York, and the Collegiate Church of

, n 1 Beverley, who died the Twenty Third Day of the

p , , \ Mouth of February, 14 15. in the Fourth Year of

»" n8o King Henry the Fi f tk - But a Perfon of § reat
^ ' Fame, was William de la Pole, Brother to thofe

before-named illuftrious Warriors, slain in Battle. For he too, fays

an

* A Knight of the same Name and Family was slain at the taking of Cadiz
in Spain, by the English, in Queen Elizabeth's Time, Anno 1596.



Continuation of the Family of the De la Poles. 75

an Hiftorian, warr'd in France 44 Years without Intermiflion, in 17

of which he never faw his Country. "When a Knight, being taken
Prifoner, his Ranfom coft him 20000 Pounds. On his Father's
Death, he became Earl of Suffolk. In 1444, he was created a Mar-
quefs ; and Duke, 1448. Two Years after, he was impeach'd for
being inftrumental towards the Death of Humphrey, Duke of Glo-
ee/ler, interr'd at St. Albans ; his confenting to the yielding up An-
jou and Main ; and for his being too familiar with Queen Marga-
ret, Wife to Henry VI. But the King, not really believing the Ac-
cufations, took him again into Favour: Yet foon after, to pacify the
People, he banifli'd the Duke for 5 Years : Who, embarking for
France, was met by an English Ship (belonging to the Duke of
Exeter, Conftable of the Tower) called the A T icholas : The Captain
of which brought him into Dover Road, and order'd his Head to
be cut off, on the Side of a Cock-Boat, May 2, 1450. His Body,
being left a while as a miferable Spectacle on the Sands, was
taken up by the Care of his sorrowful Chaplain, and interr'd at Wing-
field'm Suffolk; tho' some write he was bury'd in the Charter- Ho ufe,
near Hull ; but truly I know not with what Certainty.

THIS great tho' unfortunate Perfon had Iffue John de la Pole,
Duke of Suffolk, who married Elizabeth, Sifter to King Edward
the IVth ; by whom he had Iffue John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln.
The laft therefore fprung from Royal Blood, of the Houfeof York.
But his Hopes being blafted by the Death of his Uncle Richard
III. (who had declar'd him his Succeffor in Cafe he should die
without Children) and King Henry the Vllth's fudden Acceflion
to the Throne ; the Earl was as little pleafed with that Prince,
as he was with this Nobleman : Who, therefore, tiding with the
Enemies of Henry, fled into Flanders, Anno i486. Soon after he
sailed to Ireland ; where he joined Forces with Perkin Lambert,
and tranfported them into England. At Stoke, near Nottingham,
the}- encounter'd with Part of the King's Arm)- ; againft whom
they were unfuccefsful : For lure the Earl, with one Martin
Swerde, a valiant Captain, (whom I take to have defcended from
a Perfon of that Name, the Owner of some Lands, mention'd in
the foregoing Charter of tin- Carthufian Monaftery, near Hull)
and many others, fell in tin Place of Battle, which happen'd in
the year, 1487.

The Brother of this Earl was Edmund Earl of Suffolk; a Per-
fon very unfortunate, as being of the Royal Blood, which made

him take greater Liberty: Having kill'd a Alan In a cruel Manner ;
tho' the King pardon'd him, y< t he was obliged full to receive
publick Condemnation. This was such a Mortification to his
Pride, that he went into Flanders, in 150J: But the Dm
aret his Aunt, giving him no great Countenance to oppofe

King



j6 Chap. III. Account of tJic Family of the Dc la Poles.

King Henry VII. ho returned, and was the same Year reconciled
to him. But in 1504, he fled a second Time, and took along with
him his Brother Richard, This so provok'd the King, that he at-
tach'd William dc la Pole his Brother, with other illuftrious Per-
fons, either belonging, or affected, to theHoufeof York, And find-
ing the Earl out of his Reach, as being in the Caftle of Namur,
under the Protection of the King of Spain, he got from the Pope a
dreadful Excommunication, which was proclaimed in England.
His Eftates being forfeited, amongfl the reft, werethefe in and near
KingHon-upon-Hull : The Great Manor-Hall, with its contiguous
Edifices, and Gardens : One Hundred Meffuages, iooo Acres of
common Land, with 200 of Meadow and Pafturc: One of these had
belonging to it 100 Acres, befides 200 of Pafture, call'd Tupcotes.
With this was seiz'd the famous Manor itfelf, along with Myton,
and consequently all the Liberties, Priviledges, Prefentations,
Goods, Chattels, Debts, &c. including the Advowfon of the Hospi-
tal, and Patronage of the Priory. But the King, commiferating
his Lady, granted the Duchefs a noble Subfiftcnce, which Ihe en-
joy'd to her Death. But it very ftrangely happen'd, that HENRY
at length made her Husband Prifoner: For the Arch-Duke Philip,
who became King of Spain, being with his Spoufe driven by aTem-
peft into England, HENRY obtain'd of him the Deliverance of the
Earl into his Hands, provided his Life was but /pared. Accord-
ingly Edmund dc la Pole, being deliver'd up, Anno 1 507, was com-

* ; p ■ / f j 1 naitted to the * Tower. Here I may date the
A 1 enoaoj the £nd of ^ Grandcur . For the Kingj lying on

Ho J! our °J J . * a ~ his Death-Bed, in 1509, imitated Davids Ad-
mij,u g v j cc ^ Q Solomon, concerning Joab : He order'd
Kinglton, isre. Ws gon who fucceeded hfm, by the remarkable

Name of HENRY the Eighth, to make an End of this noble Prifo-
ner : Who, accordingly, after a long Detention, commanded his
Head to be fevered from his Body, in the Year, 15 13.

AND thus a Period was put to the Glory of the Dc la Poles,
Rulers of Suffolk, whofe higheft Title of Duke was, Anno 15 14,
conferr'd on * Charles Brandon, Vifcount Lisle, who, in 1527,

marry'd

* lie diet!, Anno 1549, and was buried at Windfor. I lis Son, by a fecond
Wife, became Duke of Suffolk; who, in the War 1551, departed this Life ot
the Sweating Sieknefs : his Death being follow'd, in two Days Time, by that ol
his Brother," and Succeflbr. The Karl of IVanuiek, afterwards Duke of Northumber-
land, who was Minister of State to Edward VI. caufed Henry Grey, Marquefs
of Northampton, to be created Duke of Suffolk, foon after. lie was efpous'd to
Frances Brandon, (Daughter to Charles Brandon, the first abovc-mention'd Duke of
Suffolk, of that Name, by Maty, Sister to Henry VIII, as related) the Mother of

the



Account of the Family of the De la Poles. 77



marry'd Henry the Vlllth's Sifter, Mary, who was the Widow of
Lewis XII. King of France.

I INTEND not to proceed much further about the Dc la Poles ;
only to remark, that fome of the Branches of that Family were in
fome meafure confpicuous : For Richard dc la Pole, the very Year
of his Brother's Death, became in the French Intereft, and com-
manded 6000 Men for the Relief of Terouenne in Artois, again ft
King Henry VIII. who befieg'd, and took it, but a very little while
after. The other, I wou'd mention, was Henry Pole Lord Monta-
gue, who, with Sir Edward Nevill, was committed to the Tower, in
1 521, for concealing what the noble and eloquent Edward, Duke
of Buckingham, had faid in relation to his having a Right to the
Crown, in Cafe the King died without Iffuc ; and if fo, he would
punish Cardinal Wolfe)' according to his Defer ts ; for which he was
condemn'd before the Duke of Suffolk, and accordingly beheaded.
But Henry Pole, the Lord before-mention'd, was fet at Liberty ;
and afterwards created Earl of Wiltshire.

WHETHER the famous Cardinal Pole was a Branch or no, I'll not
determine ; but refume the Subject of Religious Houfes, and cfpe-
cially draw This to a Conclufion ; the Rife and Profperity of which,
haveoccafioned.in Respect to the Memory of its Benefactors, fo long,
but fo remarkable a Digreffion, fill'd with the moft affecting Trans-
actions, enough to convince us of the Vanity of all fublunary Glory.



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