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History of Hull (Annales Regioduni Hullini) online

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Mayor of Hull timely heard of the Skirmish. He therefore, with
threefcore Horfe-Men, which he raifed, in a very little Space,
posted thither, to prevent further Mifchief. The Prior, who, it
feems was the first Agreffor,as to the Infults that were offered, had
not Patience to bear the Ignominy of a Defeat ; which he could not
remedy, but by a Courfe in Law. To obtain Satisfaction there-
fore, he fil'd a Bill, in the Star-Chamber, against the Sheriff", and
his Party; and indicted them, not only for a Riot, but as Offenders
against feveral of the Statutes. Thefe Proceedings occafion'd Suits
to commence, that took three Years Time, before they could think
of terminating their Differences. At length, both Sides growing
cooler, it was left to the Decifion of the Worshipful JOHN ELAND,
George and Edward Maddison, Aldermen of Hull. In fine,
it was agreed, That, if thofe of the Mouaflry, on their Part, would
yield, to the Inhabitants of Hull, all Manner of Right they had in
the fresh Water Springs of Anlaby ; the Mayor and Burgeffes,
would, on their Side, give up to them the Royalty of WiWerby and
Newton, to enjoy without Molefiation. To confirm which Agree-
ment, there was an Indenture drawn between them, fignedand feal-
ed before fufficient YVitneffes : And thus all Animofities, upon this
Diffention, ceafed between them for the future.

[// ] The K m g> fending to borrow Money of the Town, for
the carrying on his Wars against the French and Scots, they lent
him above 250/. which was then accounted a great Sum. The In-
habitants having feiz'd fome Corn, that was to be convey'd to Scot-
land, the King, in a Letter, thank'd them for their Loyalty ; and,
upon the fame Subject, wrote to Sir Jolm Ncvill, at Cottiugham.

M



Mayors, Sheriffs, &c. in the Reign of K. Hen. VIII. IO9

1523 Thomas Thompfon, 1. Thomas Dalton

1524 John Eland, 3 William Rogers

1525 William Knowles, 1 Richd.Meekley ,o\ Meekly

1526 Robert Parker William Swailes, or Swale

1527 Thos. Wilkinfon, 3 [<7</] Richd. Swale, or Saule

1528 Edward Mattifon, 2 John Davy \ Day \ or Daniel

1 529 George Mattifon, 3 James John/on

1530 Stephen Clare fVilliam Robin/on

1 53 1 Tho. Thompfon, 2 [rr]John Harrifon

1532 William Rogers, 1 John Brown

1533 James Johnfon, 1 Wm. Calheral, or Caller ill

1534 William Knowles, 2 Hugh Over/all

1535 Thomas Dalton \ff\ Peter Mavis, ovMacus

1536 William Rogers [11] William Clark

[</q] A prodigious Flood happened in his Time, by fo flowing
a Tide, that a great Part of the adjacent Country lay under Water.
In the Town, it was 5 Foot high ; to the difnial Confufion of the
Inhabitants, whofe Goods were incredibly damag'd, that lay in their
Low Rooms, and Ware-Houfes.

[rr] This Year the Fifh-Garths in Humbcr and Ouje were
order'd to be pull'd up, (in Confequence of a Petition of the
Magiftratcs of York to the Parliament) for the better Paffage of
Ships of Burden, up the River, to that antient City.

[jfjf] The Worfhipful Mayor died this Year, and HENRY
THURSCROSS officiated 'till the next fucceeded.

[//] In ASICs Infurrection, (after Diflblution of fome Mona-
flerics) ftyl'd, The Pilgrimage of Grace, when the main Body was
broken at Doncaster, Alderman Eland, Mr. Knowles, and fome

Others, (eiz'd upon HALLUM, the Captain of one of their Parties
in thi» Town. The King, granting them a Commiffioii to try him,
with fome of his Affociates, they were condemn'd, and Executed :
After which, the above Gentlemen were knighted and rewarded,
lint yet another Infurrection burft out at Settrington, Pickering-

Lytk % Scarborough, and other Places, in the North and Fallern

Parts: Sir Francis BlGOl was their Leader. The Earl of
Northumberlattd, from his Seat at Lcckenfield, near Hull, lent thi-
ther for both Men and Horfe, in order to u ithftand them. BlG< > 1 .
with his Forces, came alfo as haflilyto furprize the Town : But
Sir Ralph Ellerkir, and Sir John Constable, Knights,

who



I IO Chap. vh. Mayors, Sheriffs, &c. in Reigti of Hen. VIII.

1537 [w] Jn.Harrifon, 2 lVm.Crifcroffe ox Goof croft



who were Neighbours hard by, railing what Afliftance they could,

threw themfelves therein, (hut up the Gates, and flood upon their

Defence. This made their Enemies, who were jull at their Heels,

fo mad, to think the}- had loll the Start, in fecuring this ftrong For-
trefs, that the)- revenged themfelves on the Wind-Mills near it,
which they fet on Fire ; and then furiously demanded the Delivery
of the Town, with the Bodies of the aforcfaid/<7//<- Knights, as they
were then pleas'd to call them : But meeting with an abfolute De-
nyal, they could do little elfe, except ufing threatening Words ; 'till,
hearing the Country was rifing againft them, they rais'd the Siege,
and march'd away. Upon their being purfu'd by the Mayor, and
his Affiftants, fevcral were taken, and committed to Goal. It was
not long after, when Sir ROBERT CONSTABLE, and others of his
Sentiments, (finding their Strength could not avail to feize King-
fion, which is indeed the Key of the Eaftern Parts) betook them-
felves to Art and Stratagem : And entering the Town, difguifed
like Market-People, yet fecretly arm'd, having befides Eggs, But-
ter, Chickens, &e. they feiz'd the Gates, let in the Remainder of
their Followers, and quickly difpers'd themfelves into every Part,
ncceffary for their Purpofe, before the People were well appriz'd
thereof. Then did Sir ROBERT quickly affume to himfelf the
Title of Governonr ; fent Ships into foreign Parts for Forces to affift
him ; imprifon'd thofe Perfons (after he had plunder'd them of their
Effects) whom he fuspected not to favour his Defigns; and laid up
Stores of Provifions, Ammunition, with whatever elfe was ncceffary
to fupport them againft a Siege. Thus he ftricYly ruled about a
Month ; when, to his Mortification, he heard how his Partners in
the Country were either slain, difpers'd, or taken. Hereupon he
became fo very much difpiritcd, that a cloudy Melancholly ap-
pealed in his Looks, as a difmal Prefage of that Punifhment, which
he was Ihortly to undergo ! By how much he was afflicled, in Pro-
portion was the Mayor and Inhabitants encouraged : Who, falling
upon the difconfolatc Knight, and his unfortunate Adherents, com-
mitted them to Prifon, at the fame time fending News thereof to
the King ; who return'd an Anfwer, from Greenwich, dated Feb.
2, 163!,'. by Sir Ralph Ellerkir, Jun. That he had previously com-
;/ti///o/t\l the aclive Duke of Norfolk to bring- litem all to their
Tryals for their Rebellion againfl hint.

\vv\ The Judgment of the aforefaid Perfons foon followed ;
For Mr. AsK,a Gentleman oil Lincolnshire, was hang'din Chains,
at York, upon a lofty Tower : He, and his Numbers, which had in-

creas'd



Mayors, Sheriffs, &c. in K. HENRY VHIthV RcigN. I I I

1538 [ww] John Brown yames Rogers

1539 \xx\ William Catherall Henry Dinghy



creas'd to 40000, oblig'd the Archbifliop of York, with the old Lord
Darey, to accompany them; making them take an Oath, Tore/lore
the Church, extirpate Heretieks, preferve the Royal Family, and to
drive away evil Coimfellors from the King. They furrounded Skip-
ton, which was defended again ft them by the Earl of Cumberland ;
and Sir RALPH EVERS held out Scarborough Caftle for 20 Days.
The unhappy Lord Darcv was beheaded on Tower Hill, tho' he
was fourfcore Years old : The Lord HUSSEY loft his Head at Lin-
coln : Several of the inferior Captains, with 70 others, were execu-
ted, for the laft Infurrection, in divers Parts of Yorkshire: And, in
Hull, many received Sentence of Death, which they fuffer'd accord-
ingly : But Sir ROBE R T CONS TABLE, in particular,
as having been the Principal Head in the Seizure of the Town,
was hang'd in Chains over Beverley-Gate, (fo call'd, I fuppofe, be-
caufe it leads to that beautiful Place) that the Body of" this un-
happy Knight might ftrike the greater Terror into every one, in
Town, or County, who beheld fo difmal and wretched a Spectacle !
After this, a Pardon was granted, except to twenty two Perfons ;
moft of whom were taken, and fuffer'd in one Place, or other.
Much about this time, the King and Parliament were petition'd,
That the Fee-Farm Rent (70 1. per An.) of this Corporation, should
be apply d to the E.xpenees of his Majesty's Houshold ; and that the
'Town should be dij charged from about 12 1. as Part of it, beeaufe it
proceeded from fitch Lands as were forfeited by Edmund de la
POLE, Earl of Suffolk: A Sum demanded of (and paid by ) the
Mayor ami Aldermen, to the great Detriment of the Town. The
Magistrates too, being afraid, left the Corporation-Plate fhould, in
thefe troublefome Times, be feiz'd upon, and loll ; they very pru-
dently, by Sale, converted the fame into Money, which amounted to
feveral Hundreds of Pounds : Which, it is written, wasapply'd to
bear the Expences of their Members in Parliament; and to repair
the Church of the Holy Trinity, for which there was Occafion.

[ WW] This Year the J lush- Dyke was finilhed, which was
begun to be call up the Year before.

[.r.r] Upon the Suppreflion ol the greater Monasteries, the pi-
ous Biihops Latimer, Ridley, and others, befoughl the King, this
Year, Thai but two, <»r even one, ofthofe vi nerable Bdifici , might

be fuffer'd to remain in each County : " Not for any kindiii I to

"the Monk-, /aid they ; but to be Nurferies of Charity, Learn

p "il



1 12 CHAP. \ u. Mayors, Sheriffs, &c. in Reign \of HEN. VIII.

1540 [yy] Henry Thurfcrofs, 1 Alexander Stockdale

"ing, Prayers, and Preaching." Thefe feeming forcible Reafons
were ufed in vain to an inflexible Monarch, w ho would be contented
with nothing, except their final Deftruftion. 1 lis Defigns were ra-
ther to erect ftrong Holds of Defence : For about this Time he
purchas'd, ofSir William Sydney, the forfeited Manors of the Earl
of Suffolk, and their Appurtenances, (which he had, as before-writ-
ten, given to this Favourite) with Refolution to ftrengthen, and
add Fortifications, to make the Town of ////// impregnable.

\_yy~] The King - , with his Queen, let out from London, in Aug-
ttjl, for York, to meet JaiucsX. his Nephew, the 106th King of
Scotland, in order to advife him to a 61, in the fame Manner he had
done, againft the Abbeys, and other Religious 1 loufes, in that King-
dom. Therefore, proceeding thro" By-Ways, for fear of fome of the
enraged People, he came unexpectedly within a few Miles of the
Town. When the Mayor was appriz'd of it, he fent the Sheriff,
with a numerous Train, to meet his Majefty, at the Boarded-Bridge,
x\eax Newland, on the Confines of the Count)-. There, paying his
Compliments of Welcome, he kifs'd the white Rod, that he carry 'd ;
and delivering it to the King, receive! it again from his 1 lands :
Then, mounting his Horfe, rode before the Monarch towards the
Town. At Beverley-Gate, the Mayor and Aldermen flood, in their
Formalities, to receive their Majefties. At the Sight of the Royal
Pair, there were no Words, no Demonftrations wanting, to teftify the
molt hearty Welcome. The Mayor, falling upon his Knees, kifs'd,
and prefented the Mace ; which, being return'd, that Magiftrate
carried it, before his Majefty, to the Manor-Hall ; which was then
the Place of Refidence. Mere, for three Days, the King, Queen,
and Attendants, were fplendidly entertain'd. After which, they fet
out for York; where they ftay'd a little Time. But no King of
Scot/and appearing ; the English Monarch left that anticntCity, on
the 29th of September. At Night the Royal Vifitants lodg'd at the
Earl of Northumberland s Seat, at Leckenfield. The Inhabitants of
Hull, little thinking the King was fo near, were affembled the next
Morning (in order to electa new Mayor) in the Town's-Hall ; where
Mr. Dalton, and Mr. Johnfon, were fet up for that Purpofe. But
they were furpriz'd, when News was brought, that the King would
be in Town at Dinner Time. This prevented the Election : The
Candidates, with others, went to meet their Majefties ; whilft the
Mayor in Being was left to pay his Compliments upon their Ar-
rival. The King, upon his Enterance, hearing of the Matter, or-
der'd, the Corporation to meet afrefh ; and, that Sir John Eland
fhould be nominated along with the two Gentlemen aforefaid :

Which.



Mayors, Sheriffs, &c. in K. HENRY the VHIth'j- Reign. 113
1 54 1 Sir John Eland, Kt. 4 John Thacker

Which, being done, and his Majefty voting" for him, the Knight was
immediately elected. Upon this, the King prefented him with his
Sword, in Honour to the Corporation ; which Sir John received,
kneeling, in the moft obfequious Manner: Afterwards, the Day was
fpent in Feafts, and Recreations. The next Morning, the King and
Nobles, viewing the Town, found no Fault, but that it wanted fuf-
ficient Strength to defend it. Hereupon he gave Orders for a Gallic,
and two ftrong Block-Houfes, to be creeled, with other Fortifica-
tions, to environ the Town : Alfo,for his Manor-Hall toberepair'd ;
and, that a new Dyke fhould be cut from Newland to King/ion.
The Pay-Mafter-General of the Works was Mr. Thomas Allured;
and the Surveyor Mr. John Rogers, who was alfo Comptroller.
Thefe Gentlemen were to be affifted by Wardens ; one of whom,
(Mr. Richard Mills) laid the Foundation-Stone of the Caftle, on
the 22d of February, 1 5-J-V- The Expence of the whole, indeed, the
King was folely at himfelf ; which amounted to above twenty-three
thoufand Pounds. About this Time the North-Gate of the Town
was made. After the King (asaforefaid)had given thefe Orders, he,
with his Attendants, embark'd ; and fafcly were landed in Barrow
1 1 aven, from whence they proceeded to Thornton Monaftery, fituated
near the Hutnber, in Lincolnshire. The humble Monks, tho' they
were fenfible of the King's fatal Defigns againft them, were not
wanting in their Duty : They met, and welcom'd him, his Queen,
and Attendants, in a moft folemn Proceffion ; and entertain'd them
fplendidly in that very Monaftery, which but a little Time after he
oblig'd tliem to forfake, and commanded the t Edifice itfelf to be
laid in Ruins. Upon the King's arrival at London, he conftituted
Sir Richard Long to be Governour of Hull; and Michael Stan-
hope, Efq ; his Lieutenant, by an [nftrument, dated Feb. 17, I54', 1 ,
with Power to levy Forces, when Occafion requir'd : But inform'd
the Inhabitants, that none of their Priviledges fhould be abridged
upon this Occafion ; which wascontriv'd for their greater Defence,
'till fuch Time as the aforefaid Buildings and FortrefTes were per-
fected, when they might better feenre themfelves. Thus he took
to preferve thofe of the Temporality, for the Prefervation of
Kingdom; whilft he proved an Enemy to the Clergy, thro* their
Attachment t<> the Raman See. An Enquiry ofhis A< tions, in tin's
Affair, is now quite out of Date ; any farther, than, to remark, what
(lately Building have been, fr< »m Antiquity, in this Kingdom; to
Pome of which, we are obliged for our Cathedral and ( ollegiate
Churches, the pleafanf Remains of them, al this very Day.

■ 1 >,.'• iform'd "i ill" ■ 1 , m In* ii had

1 rliament ; f I the follow«



I 14 Ch \r. \ 11. Mayors, Sheriffs, &c. in Reign of Hen. VIII.

1542 Peter Mavis, orMaeusRichd. Tayler y oxTaylor



bag Accounts, 1 think, more comprehensive, and perfect, than I have yet feen
in various Authors. 1. St. Mary's Abbey, for the Order of Benediclines, with-
out the Walls of York City, founded by Alan, Earl of Britain, Anno. 1088.

2. .sW/m', in Yorkshire, for the fame Order, by William the Conqueror, 1078.

3. Bardney, built by King Ethelred, in 712, afterwards deftroyd by the Dana.

4. Cray/and, by Ethel red. King of Mercia, 726. who erected the Church belong-
ing to it. $. Spalding Priory, .ill" Benediclines, by Talboys, E. of Anglers, 1074.
6. Semplingham, for the Order of Gilhertines, 1131. The preceding four Religious
Houfes were in Lincolnshire. 7. St. Peter's, in the- City of Clocejler, founded

, King <>r Northumberland, for Benediclines, about the End of the 7th Century.
8. Winchdcumb, which at firft was a Nunnery, built by King O/A'/, in 787, was af-
terwards, .-/>/. 798. converted into a Benedtcline Monaftery, and enlarg'd by A?-
nulph, King of Mercia ; who built the Church, which was dedicated by Arch-
bishop Wilfrid, of Canterbury, and [3 Bishops, with the greateft Splendour of their
Religious Magnificence. 9. Cirencefter, founded for the Order of St. Augujline,

by King Henry I. .-/////<> 1133- The 2 foregoing in Glocejiershire. 10. St. .//-

&z«\r, in Hartjbrdshire, tor Benediclines, founded by C/fo, King of Men- in, 795.

11. St. Peter's, WeftminJUr, for the fame, by Seabert, King of the Eajl-Sa.xons, in

604. 12. St. Austin's, Canterbury, by King Ethelbert, Anno 602. 13. £7/<//-

tonbury, in Somersetshire, firft founded by Joseph of Arimathea ; afterwards re-
built by 7«OJ, King of the 7uiJl-.Sa.xons, Anno 70S, and had Benedictines therein.

14' St. Edmund's Bury, in Suffolk, founded by King Canute, 1020.

15. St. Bennefs de llulm, in Norfolk, by the fame named King, Anno 1026.

j6. Shrewsbury, in .Shropshire, by &gw Earl of Montgomery, and Ids pious Lad)-,

in the Year 10S1. 17. Evesham, in Worce/lershire, by Egwin, third Bishop of

the City, 700. iS. Abington, founded by a virtuous Lady, named c7//<7,

in 675. And, 19. Reading, (both of thefe in Barkshire) by King Henrv I. Anno
1 126. 20. Malmsbury, in Wiltshire, much improved by Maidulphus, a Philo-
sopher, and Monk, who came from the North of Ireland, (tlio' some affirm from

Scotland) about the Year 635. zi. Peterborough, in Northamptonshire, founded

by the converted King of Mercia, called Wulfere, Anno 664, to expiate the barba-
rous Murder of the Princes, his own Sons, in whofe innocent Blood he had
embrued his unnatural Hands, becaufe they had embraced the Faith of CHRIST,
whofe Names were Wulphad and Rufine. The aforefaid 8 Monafteries were all
of the Benedictine Order. 22. Thorney, in Cambridgeshire, founded by Bi-
shop Adehvald and King Edgar, about the Year 973. 23. Ramfcy, in //««-

tingtonshire, a Benediclitte Monastry, to which feveral Kings became Benefactors,
was built by Duke Ahoyn. 969, at the Perfuafion of Oj'wald, Archbishop of K>/vfr.

24. Thornton Abbey, upon the Humber, in Lincolnshire, where the King had

been fo well entertain'd, founded by William Grofs, Earl of Albemarle, for ^4«-
gujlinian Monks, taken from Kirkham Priory, about the Middle of the 12th
Century. 25. Leicejler- Abbey, by Robert Boffe, Earl of that Town, 1141. ■

26. Waltham, in 7\/je.\, by King Harold, 1036. for the Order of St. Augufline.

27. St. John's in Colehe/ler, by Eudo, Butler to Henry I. Another writes, that it

was founded by a religious Man, named Eynulphus, for Augustines. 28.

Beauheu, in Bedfordshire, by King John, 1205, for Benediclines. 29. Tavijlock,

for the like ( >rder, in Devonshire, built by Ordgar (who had a Son of Gigantick Sta-
ture) in the Year 981. 30. St. Peter's, Coventry, in Warwickshire, for Benedicl-
ines, by Earl Leo frick, about the Year 1 043. 31. Hide, in Hampshire, for the

faid Order, by King Alined, (or Egt'rid,) Anno 922. 32. St. Aujlin's in />'»■/•

_/?<;/, for that Saint's Order, erected by King Henry I. ^^. Laves, in Suffex, by

William Ac Warren, full Earl of Surrey, Anno 1078. for the Order of Clugni.

34. Battle Abbey, dedicated to St. Afar/in, alfo in Suffer, founded by William the

Conqueror, 1067. 35. St. John's of Jerujaleiu, in the Suburbs of London, by

Jordan Brifet, and his Confort, /4»jk> iioo. for Knights Hofpitallers. But,



Mayors, Sheriffs, &c. in the Reign of K. Hen. VIII. 115

1543 James Rogers John Knowles



But, befides the foregoing, there were other Religious Places, in
every County, and particularly in Yorkshire: As, the Abbeys, Mona-
fteries, or Priories, of Whitby, Kirk ham, Kirk /tail, Rivaux, &c.
confiding of beautiful Churches, Refectories, Offices, Dormitories,
Infirmaries, with contiguous Stables; and other neceffary Houfes,
for the Entertainment of Strangers, or Pilgrims. The Monks us'd
to pray at Midnight, or the Cock-Crowing ; 6 o'Clock in the Morn-
ing, or Matutines, which they call'd the firft Hour ; at 9 o'Clock,
or the third Hour before Noon ; at the fixth Hour, or 12 o'Clock
atHigh Noon : The ninth Hour, or 3 in the Afternoon ; the twelfth
Hour, or 6 o'Clock in the Evening, when the Vefpers began ; and
at 7 at Night, which was rcckon'd to be the firft Hour of the noctur-
nal Twelve. A certain Author, tho' very ironical againft them,
yet owns, that thefe Abbeys were very convenient for the younger
Children of the Nobility and Gentry, and confequently the Diffo-
lution a very great Lofs, fince that Provifion was taken away, by
the Enjoyment of which, there was lefs Occafion to rack the poor
Tenants; and the Abbots were glad to receive thofe juvenile Per-
fons with little, or nothing ; becaufe fo kind a Reception endear'd
their Parents to befriend them in Parliament. Their Convents
taught Latin, to the neighbouring Children, without any Reward :
The Nunneries, to read, and work, with fometimes Latin, to enable
them to undcrftand the Church-Service: The Monks were Hifto-
rians ; and the Abbots excellent Landlords, who impos'd but eafy
Fines on their Tenants, and Merc remarkable for an univerfal Hof-
pitality. But whatever Excellencies they feem'd to have been dig-
nify'd with ; all could not avert their impending Ruin. What
pulling down of Buildings foon follow'd ! The Materials were fold ;
the curious painted Glafs broken to Pieces; Copes, and Surplices,
converted to Curtains, and Cufhions ; and the Bells melted (brother
Ufcs. Tho' their Mottoes fignify'd Power ; as Fltnera platlgo ; Ful~
gura, Fulmina frango ; Sabbato pango ; excito Lentos; dilfipo Ven~
tOS ; pace Crneutos : Yet neither their various Significations, or
piercing Sounds, foretelling Death, breaking Thunder and Light-
ning, calling to the Sabbath, exciting the Sleep)-, diffipating the
Winds, <>r aflwaging the Tyranny 01 Men, had any Effecl .it all
upon King Henry ; So far from it, that playing at Dice with Sir
M lies J'arterii/ge, one Throw loll him the tunable King of Jefus
Bells, (againft One Hundred Pound) not far from St. Paufs, London.
Nay, he gave a Religious Houfe to a Gentlewoman, who had obli-
ged him with a Mefs of Pottage ; or, as fome fay, a Difll of Pud-

din



I 16 CHAP. VII. Mayors, Sheriffs, &C. in Reign o/Mv.y,. VIII.

1544 Alexander Stockdaile, 1 William A Itnond

dings: And thofe Perfons, to whom lie beftow'd the Monasteries,
fold, for trifling Sums, the choice!! Manufcript Books, adorn'd with
curious Boflesand Clasps, t<> Merchants, Grocers, Sope-Sellers, and

other Trades, who ufed them to lap up their ( roods. The Church-
Lands were efteem'd at, Yearly, to the Value of Fifteen Hundred
Thoufand Pounds: And yet, the King became but poor afterwards,
thro' his fquandering them away,in the moll profligate Manner, be-
fore he could accomplifli his Defigns of founding iK new Bifho-
pricks ; and one, in particular, thro' the Invention of Sir Nicholas
Bacon, to erect a Royal Seminary for AmbaiTadors, Statefmen, and
Hiftorians ; which would fupply the lofs of the latter, confequent
on the Destruction of Abbies ; where, for the most part, was pre-
ferv'd a Chronicle of the Times. Hut I fhall draw towards aCon-
clufion of this Manner of Difcourfe, by quoting the Words of a
Latin Poem, (from what was excellently written by Sir John Don-
ham, Knight of the Bath, entitled Coopers Hill) inferib'd to the
most Noble William Lord r^rr//c//V/',onlySontothe Earl of Devon-
shire. Herein, defcribing the charming Beauties of Nature, in a
Country abounding with Woods, Streams, Dales and Mountains, (as
the fublime Author had a little before expatiated on Art, which
rais'd the fair and lofty Pinacles and Towers of Wind/or Castle) he-
takes Notice of a pleafant Summit, on which had stood a beautiful
Chapel, 'till fuch Time as it fhar'd in the Fate of the fubfiding
Abbe)', both in venerable Ruins! And then he makes hismelan-
cholly Reflexion upon thefe lamentable Objects.

On is vero luce eemens dubitet quin extents Hojlis
Terrain omnem Ferro f iter it popnlatns, & Ignit
At pojlqnam andicrit, quod tantis Jlragibus Anclor
Xee durus Scytha///. gelida nee Gotthus ab Arclo,
Sed Rex indigena, & CHRISTI de Nomine dielns ;
Cum nihil interjit, fed ' folo Nomine di/lent
Optima nojlra, atque illornm turpijjima Facta;
J'alia aim f iter in t Pietatis \' itinera, quid jam
Sacrilcga reftare Mann inviolabile eredat .'



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