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the Means of the Scotch Earl of Caruwarth, who catching hold of
his Bridle, afking him, If he zvas running to Death in an Injiant}
prevented him from making an Attack, which might have given a
happy Turn to his Succcfs. Poutefrael Caftle was taken about
this Time. Bath was furrender'd too, on the 29th of July, to the
King, who arrived at Oxford, the 29th oiAugufl ; and from thence
march'd to Hereford, befieged by the Scots, who retired when


Mayor, Sheriffs, Chamberlains. Reign of K. Charles I. 163

1646 William Peck ) John Kay, or Ray
[bb] Francis Dewick ) Richard Robinfon

1647 William Dobfon ^ Lancelot Roper
[ cc ] Robert Robin fou j Joseph Hall

the\ T heard of his Approach. On the other Hand, Brijlol, which
the King intended to relieve, was furrender'd to the Parliament
Forces, the 1 ith of September. Prince Rupert was difcharged by
his Majefty, for his not holding out the City longer. The King be-
ing at CJiefier, his Forces were defeated on the 29th at Routon-
Heath, to his great Mortification, which he perceived from the
Walls. — In this Month, the Plague broke out in Hull; but by
the ufual Care, in fuch like Cafes, of former Times, it was happily
prevented from fpreading. — The King arrived at Newark, about
the Beginning of Oelober ; but was obliged to leave it in Novem-
ber ; and, after great Perils, got fafe to Oxford. And now the
Seots Presbytery was contemn'd by the Independants, and indeed
the Parliament were weary of thofe People in general, which
made them wifh for a Treaty ; as the King himfelf defired about
the End of December.

\_bb J The Beginning of January, Fairfax raifed the Siege of
Plymouth, and foon after took Dartmouth by Storm. On the 14th
of February, the Lord Hopton was routed at Torrington by him.
On the 5th of May, the King (thro 1 the Negotiation of Monfieur
Montrevil) trufts himfelf to the Scotch Army ; and soon after fet-
tled at Newcajlle. The 24th of June, Oxford was furrender'd to
General Fairfax. The Earl of EJfex dy'd on the 14th of Septem-
ber. On the 1 2th of November, the Town Wall of Hull, between
My ton and Poftern-Gates, about 50 Yards in Length, fell down
into the Ditch, occafion'd thr<>' exceflive Rains that had under-
min'd it on the one Side, and the Weight ^>\~ Earth which prefs'd
it down, that lay upon the other: To repair which itcoft about 300/.

[cc] The Men hants of Hull had great Loffes this Year, through
Pyrates and Storms at Sea. On the 30th of January, the Scotch
Parliament delivered up their King ; and kit \\ wcajlle the 1 ith
of February, afterthey had been thegreateft Curie that ever Eng-
land was afflicted with. The Lord Ferdinando Fairfax dying at
York, on March 13, 164 3, the Parliament order'd his Son to be I rO-

vernour; And moreover, that aconftanl Garrifon mould be kept

therein, at tin- Nation's Expence, t".i< 1 againfi the King, Queen,

and all the koyalills ; To whom, if an)- became afterwards at-

tach'd, and mould leave the Place for their I nterell, the)' (hould be


164 Mayor, Sheriff, Chamberlains. Reign of K. CHARLES I.

1648 John Ramfden, 2 ) Richard Vevcrs
[(/(/] John Kay, or Ray ] Thomas Cockrill

punifli'd with Death, as Enemies, and Deferters: And, tho' the
Town ftrentfously petition'd againfl fuch a Burthen ; arguing That
the Place being little, four or five Families were oblig'd to dwell
under one Root" : 1 low inconfiftent it would be, to have Soldiers
live in Houfes with the Wives of abfent Mariners; or, by Marriage,
bring an infupportabie Burthen to the Place ; That, for the Parlia-
ment 'sCauic, XinetvThoufa nd Pounds had been already expended;
Thirty Thoufand Pounds loll in Traffick, thro' their Peine;- despis'd
by Foreigners, for acting with them againfl: their unfortunate Sove-
reign : Befides, that the Deftruction of the Walls, the Laying the
Country under Water, repairing the Fortifications from Time to
Time, had impoverifh'd them to the Value of many Thoufands
more; by which, having 300 poor Families, the Garrison would
double the Number; and, confequently, increafe their Poverty :
A Grievance, they would never confent to, as being contrary to
Magna Charta, the Petition of Right, and the Libert}' of the Sub-
ject : — Yet, for all fuch like fpecious Pleadings, the arbitrary
Commons placed a Garrifon there, as tho' they were far from va-
luing Magna Charta, ox any Paper Concern whatever, when they
had the Sword in their Hands ; which, being drench'd in Blood,
could write in more legible coercive Characters. But we'll return
to the King, who had been imprifon'd at Holmby Houfe in Nor-
thamptonshire, where he was deny'd his Chaplains. The Indepen-
dents afterwards took him from the Presbyterians, thro' the Contri-
vance of Cromwell, about the 4th of June, by Cornet Joyce, a Tay-
lor ; who carried him to Hinchingbrook, Childerley s and at laft to
New-Market. In Augujl, he was fix'd at Hampton Court, where he
recover'd his Book of Meditations, call'd EIKON BASILIKE,
with feveral Hiflorical Writings. In November, the King made
his efcape to Tichfield : From thence went to Carif brook Caftle, in
the Isle of Wight. Cromwell afterwards, having quelPd the Agita-
tors and Levellers, confulted at Windsor with Ireton, about his
Majefty's Death.

\dd\ The King was made clofe Prifoner by Colonel Hammond,
in the faid Island, which occafion'd a fecond Civil War; but it
ended in about five Months Time: Afterwards, he was remov'd
to Hurst Caftle, near the Island, and from thence to Windsor.
Soon after, his Majefty was brought before the Parliament like a
Criminal, as will appear by the most unprecedented Treatment
he met with, in the following Year.

[ce~\ The

The Death of King Cha^LES I. January 30, 164^ 165

King CHARLES II. January 30.
1649 DEregrine Pelham \ TAmes Shepheard
[ee] yohn Raivfou S_ Richard Frank

[ee] The Aclions of this Year, as an ingenious Author writes,
were lb dark and hideous, that it cannot be parallel'd in the An-
nals of any other .Monarch's Reign. To bring a King, accountable
to None, except the King of Kings fays another, to plead for his
Life before them, who had formerly fworn Allegiance to him, (and
who, as Dr. South afferts, ought themfelvesto have fuffer'd as the
vileft Malefactors) was Inch an audacious A 61, that the proudeft
of all the Roman Pontiffs never attempted, in all their Wanton
Freaks of unlimited Power : And all this done to a juft and wife
Prince, fprung from Royal Anceftors ; learned and valiant ; who
liv'd like a Saint in a corrupt Age ; had broke no Oaths made to
his People ; and io merciful to his Enemies, that as the Marquefs-
of Worcefter, told him, His forgiving Temper might gain him the
Kingdom of Heaven, but never secure to him the Realm of England!
Carolus inter Reges, ut Lilium ineer Flores, writes Sir Richard
Baker. Thefe Eulogiums, and many more, impartial Hiftorians
relate of him : To their particular Accounts of his Tryal, (be-
fore the Prefident Bradshaw, and other fuch Judges, the Signers
of his Death-Warrant, to the Number of 72, among whom, was
Alderman Pelham, of Hull, and Mr. John A lured, Member of
Parliament for Headon) 1 refer my Readers, for their greater Sa-
tisfaction : And, in refpect to the prefent Age, fhall only remark,
That I have Charity to believe, there are few, now living, among
all Profeffors of the Protectant Religion, but what look' back with
Horror of the Action, which brought a Prince, of their own Per-
fuafion, to suffer at laft the greateft Afflictions. — His Tryal be-
gan on Saturday the 20th of January 1^4'. In his Impeach-
ment, by Cooky he was called Tyrant, and Traytor ! His Majelly
deny'd their Authority, as being 1 if : :' 1 Force without him ; and by
fo doing, became a Civil Martyr, for the People's Liberty : The
next Day, being Sunday, he fpent it, almost, in his Devotions. On
Monday, he was brought again into Weflminfler-Hall. Tuesday
the fame : On Wednesday, Witnefles were produi 1 d againft him:
One was William Cuthbert, of Patrington, in Holdernefs ; another,
John Bennet t ol Harwood, Yorkshire^ Glover; and about thirty
one- more, from different Counties. The Fourth and laft Day,
tho' hi \ Majelly deflred to be heard in the Painted ' Chamber, yet il
was not granted ; but Sentence pronounced again fl him, as a Mur-
derer, and public!: Enemy, on Saturday the 27th. He prepar'd


l66 TJtc Death of King CHARLES I. January 30, 164*

himfelf to die ; and defir r d the Afliftance of Dr. Juxon, Bifhop of
London, with the Comfort of feeing his Children. There was
fcarce any Thing, but Sadnefs, that reign'd over the City upon this
Occafion : His Majefty refufed to fubferibe what his Enemies,
would have him. thereby to enslave the People; tho' his Life was
offer' Cafe of Condefcenfion. Holland interpofed for the King;
but in vain ! For Cromwell, and his Officers, feeking < r< >i», as they
faid, it was refolv'd, that his Majefty mult die. The King lent Mr.
^Herbert, who was Gentleman of his Bed-Chamber, to the Lady
Wheeler, for a Cabinet of fome few Diamonds and Jewels in her
Cuftody, which was all the wealth he had to leave his Children,
the Princess Elizabeth, and Duke of Glocejler. On Tuesday the
30th, about Ten, his Majefty was brought forth by Col. Hacker,
attended by the Bifliop, and Mr. Herbert : Me refus'd to eat any
Thing at White-Hall, which had been provided for him. Entering
upon the Scaffold, he found it cover'd with Black ,• faw two Execu-

tioners, with Erocks and Vizards; the Block, andAx; with Hooks,
and Staples, to draw him to Execution, if he refitted : But there

* He was bury'd in York. f:ec his long Epitaph in my Iliftory, Page 165.


The Death of King Charles I. January 30, 164! 1 67

was no Occafion. He clear'd himfelf from beginning the War
with the two Houfes of Parliament, and hop'd the Lord would in
that Cafe abfolve him alfo : And yet, faid he, God forbid I should
lay the Blame on them : There is no Neceffity. Ill Injlrnments,
between Them, and Me, was the Caufe of all this Bloodshed. He
then own'd his Fault, in fuffering an unjufb Sentence to fall upon
the Earl of Strafford : For himfelf, he hop'd, he was become a
good Chriftian : And (pointing to the Bifhop) faid, That good Man
can bear me Witnefs, that I have forgiven all the World, and even
tJiofe who have been the chief Canfers of my Death : But this is
not all; my Charity mnfl go further : I wish they may repent : I
pray God, with St. Stephen, That this be not laid to their Charge :
And not only fo, but that they may take the right Way to the Peace
of the Kingdom. After this, he difcours'd of what was due to God,
his Succeffors, and the People ; profefs'd his Affection to the Prote-
ftant Religion of the Church of England ; and then prepar'd to
lay down his Royal Head upon the Block. When his Cap was
putting on, by the Bifhop and Executioner, whilft Tears gufh'd
from the Eyes of many diftant Spectators, the King repeated the
Goodnefs of his Caufe, and what a gracious God he had on his
Side : The Bifhop alluded to a former private Difcourfe, faying,
There teas bnt one Step more, which thd turbidcnt and troublcfome,
would carry him from Earth to Heaven, from a mortal State, to a
glorious Immortality. The King adjoin'd, I go from a corruptible,
to an incorruptible Crown ! A happy Exchange, reply' d the Bishop.
The King then gave his GEORGE to the Bifhop, and bid him RE-
MEMBER ! — So, turning to the Executioner, after private Ejacu-
lations, he meekly laid down his Neck ; but bid him flay for the
Sign. He did fo ; and then, ftrctching forth his Hands, his Head
was cut off at one Blow; fhown to the aftonifh'd People; put into
his Coffin, cover'd with black Velvet; and fo convcy'd to White-Hall.
This was the End of the Royal Martyr, in the 49th Year of his Age,
after a Reign of almoft twenty four Years : Who, now, dead, was
compar'd to Job, David and Solomon, for Patience, Piety and Wif-
dom : I lis Murder was look'd upon as a Crime, of the moft horrid
Nature, next to that of the Crucifixion of the incarnate Sonof God :
Even his Enemies became afflicted: The Pulpits, fill'd with the moft
pious Divines of each Pcrfuafion, mutually refounded in Sighs and
Lamentations, for the unfpeakable Calamities of fo unfortunate a
Prince ! I lis Body was carry'dto Windfor,-<\\\<\ laid in aVaultopp >-
lite the 1 ith Stall, on the Sovereign's Side, where King HeuryWll.
and his third Wife, Queen Jane, were repoflted. The Common-
Wealth was eilablilh'd, after the King's Death ; his Son proclaim'd

v againft;

1 68 Transactions after the Death of King Charles I.

againft; the Houfe of Peers, and Regal Government, abolifh'd; the
Duke of Hamilton, Earl of Holland, and Lord Capel executed
* Pou ti frail Gallic held out for the Royal ids, underthc Governour
Col. Morricc, who had formerly furpriz'd it ; (as mention'd Page
10, in the Travels of my Second Volume) hut was furrender'd on
the 24th of March. Several Executions of the King's Party fol-
lowed. Ov;//; l v//i)rcach , d,cajord the Presbyterians, and fupprefs'd
the Levellers. In the mean while, the Scots invited the young
King. Cronvwi //.afterwards, he ingmadeLieu tenant of freland^orm-
ed Drogheda and 1 1 'oxford ; and, with amazing Succefs, redue'd moll
of that Kingdom. The Mayor of Hull, Ptttgrftte Pelf) am, men-
tion'd in this Year, was clecled the 30th of September : And ac-
quainting the Iloufe of Commons, of which he was Member, that
he was fent for thither, in order to be fworn, and enter on his Of-
fice ; they, having Occafion for him, as being one of the .f/uUgrs
of the fMARTYR'D KING, fent an Order for the former Mayor to
act as his Deputy : Which Mr. Ramfden did, 'till Mr. Pelhanis
Death, that happen'd in March following ; and then the Parlia-
ment order'd Mr. Thomas Raikes,to govern the Remainder of the
Time. The Commons now defae'd the King's Arms where they
could find 'cm ; and commanded Charters of Places to he furrender'd
that fo they might difplay the Enfigns and Name of the Common-
wealth upon every Occafion. They expofed the King's Fee-
Farm Rents to Sale : Thofe of Hull, and its County, amounted
annually to 156/. js. $d, out of which was paid 24/. $s. 3d. to
the Reader and Curate of the High and Low Churches, and a Sal-
lary to the School-Mailer : All thefe the Town bought, for which
they paid 1467/. and generously heftow'd on King CHARLES II.
after his Reftoration.

* I have a Profpect of the Caftle, the antient Inheritance of the Duke of Lan-
cajler, then a mod beautiful Structure. The greateft Ornament of which, was
that call'd the Round-Tower. There were alfo, the King's, Queen's, Confta-
able's, Swillington's, Treafurer's, and the Red Towers : Befides, a noble Ma-
gazine, a great Barn, the King's Stable; the Middle ( iate-I Ioufe, witli others
to the East, West and South, which might for their lofty Structure he called
Towers alfo. To this Castle, belong'd a beautiful Chapel dedicated to St. Cle-
ment. In a Manufcript, lent me by Henry Fairfax, Esq; at Tmvlfton, near Tad-
cnjlt-r) a particular Account is given "I what Sums were paid to the Workmen
for demolishing the Edifice, by Order of the Parliament, March 27, 1649. and
another, in Purfuancc of it, the 4th of April following. The total Amount of
which, was 1777/. 4^. 6</. If fo much was expended in its Ruin, what immenfe
Sums must have been fpent in its Erection !

t Many Verfes were written on the mournful Occafion of the late King's Death !
But thefe, made by the Marquefs of Mbntrofs, carry, I think, the greateft Energy.

(~* Reat, Good and Just, could I but rate I Hut fince thy Blood demands Supplies,

My Grief, and thy too rigid Fate ; | MottfromBriareus 1 lands, than Argus Eyes,

I'd weep the World to fuch a Strain, I'll ling thy ( (bfequies with Trumpet Sounds,

That it should deluge once again ! | And write thy Epitaph in Blood and Wounds.

Majors, Sheriffs, Chamberlains. Reign of K. Charles II. 169


A Continuation of the MAYORS, Sheriffs, toge-
ther with an Account of the Chamberlains, and
what Tranfaclions have happened, relating to
Kingfton-upon-Hull, until the Reftoration of
King Charles the Second; from thence, to his
Death, and Beginning of his unfortunate Bro-
ther s Reign.

A.D MAYORS and I Chamberlajns.

Sheriffs. :

1650 pRancis Dewick ") THomas Coats
[ff] Henry Metcalf ) * John Blenker

1 65 1 John Kay 7 James Blaides
[gg ] William Raikes ) John Tripp

[ff \ In this Year was the firft Appearance of the Quakers.
The brave Marquefs oiMontrofs fuffer'd Death, at Edinborough, on
the 2 1 ft of May. The King arriv'd in Scotland the 22d of June ;
and was proclaim'd on the 15th of July. Cromwell, returning
from Ireland, was made General againft the Scots.

[gg] The King was crown'd, at Scone, by the Marquefs of Ar-
gyle. In Augufl, his Majefty came into England, with an Army of
16000 Men : He march'd afterwards into Lancashire, and fetled in
Worcefler, the 22d. Col. Lilburu defeated a Party of the King's,
on the 25th, near Wiggan, where fell the famous Lord Withriugtou,
and others, who aflifted the Earl of Derby, that was afterward be-
headed at Bolton. Cromwell, marching to Worcefier, after a
(harp Engagement, obliged the King to fly for his Life. I Iere Duke
Hamilton was taken Prifoner, and dy'd of his Wounds. This Vic-
tory was fogreat, that Cromwe/ltold the Parliament, // was a Crown-
ing Mercy, the Dimeujious of which were far above his Conceptions.
Some Authors write, with Improvements on the Story, That it was
not the King of Heaven had made it fuch ; but the Prince of the
infernal Regions, with whom the General contracted, in a dole-
fome Wood, on the 3d of September, early in tin- Morning, fome

Hours before tin- Battle was fought: When Lindfey, one of his Of-
ficers, i-^ laid to have been a Witnefs; but fo troubled, that he left

the Army, and rode to Crimjlou, in Norfolk-, to the I [oufe of the

Rev. Mr. Thorowgood, to whom he related the Affair. The Rea-
ders may judge a 1 they pleafe of this latter Aflertion : It was « ith
great Difficulty th< Kingefi ap'd, being oblig'd foon after toafcend
the Royal-Oak at BofcooeUWood, in Shropshire, (or, fome fay, on the


170 Mayors, Sheriffs, Chamberlains. Reign of K. Charles II.

1652 John Rogers
[////] Richard Fevers

1653 Richard Wood

[ it ] Richard Robiufon

1654 Bobcrt Ripley, 1
[kk] Richard PVilfon

1655 William Maifter

[ // ] CJirifi. Richard/on

1656 Robert Berrier, 1
[mm] William Ram/den

1657 William Foxley, 1
[ nn ] George Crowle

Lancelot Anderfon
John Pearfon
John Harrifon
Edmund Popple
Capt. Henry Appleton
Robert Bloome
Henry Cock
Richard Li Hie
George Acklam
Cuthbert Prieftwood
Philip Wilkinfon
Charles Vaux

Confines of Staffordshire) where he was preferv'dby the Family of
Pexderels ; and, after many Dangers, fafely arrived in France.
Cromwell rode triumphant to London. General MONK reduced
Scotland. Lieutenant General Ireton dy'd November 26, raving
after Blood, according to the Cruelty of his horrid Difpofition.

[ hh ] In this Year happcn'dfcveraldefperate Sea-Engagements
between the English and Dutch ; but the latter was continually
beaten, and obliged to fue for Peace.

[ii] Cromwell diffolv'd the Long-Parliament and Common-
wealth ; calling them, in Effect, little better than Knaves. He
call'dhis Firft Parliament, to humour his Defigns ; to whom he made
a Speech : And thefe Men, being fill'd with Ignorance and Enthu-
fiafm, were for removing the Clergy, who then were, as they faid,
Strangers to the Go/pel! After their Diffolution, Cromwell -was made
Protestor, ruling as a Monarch ; and united the three Kingdoms.

[l'k~\ The Protector called a Second Parliament.

[II] This Parliament too he diffolv'd the 22d of January.
Reappointed Major-Generals, as Governours of Provinces: Lam-
bert was over Yorkshire. He conquer'd the Spaniards at Sea, and
took Jamaica from them. Archbiihop Usher dy'd this Year. Or-
ders were renew'd at Hull, concerning the Cloth-Hall, which were
made One Hundred Years before.

[ mm ] The Major-Generals were fuppreffed, in fome meafure.

[ nn ] The Protector was attempted to be made King ; which he
refufed, tho', it is faid, with great Trouble ; and re-affumed his for-
mer Office, in which he was inaugurated, with as much Pomp, as if
he had been crown'd : Wonderful was his Succefs afterwards, both
by Land and Sea. To this Great Man, the Corporation otHullpeti-


Chap. X. Mayors, Sheriffs, &c. Reign of K. Charles II. 1 7 I

1658 William Dobfon, 2 } Ifrael Popple
[00] Edmund Popple j William Shires

1659 William Ramfden | John Crowther

[PP ] J°h )l Tripp j Simon {or Jas.) Siffon

i66oChrift. Richardfon, 1 ) William Blaides
[ qq ] Robert Lambert ) William Anderfon

tion'd, That whereas there were forfakef 1 Wives, and Widows of Sol-
diers, to the Number of 200, with double tJiat Number of Children,
then in the Town; they humbly defired he would grant them an Or-
der, to lay a Duty, on Cloth, and Lead, for their Support: And, fur-
ther, requefted, The Allowance of^ool. a Year, out of ' tliefequeflered
Rectories in Yorkfhire, formerly granted to the Minijiers of their
tioo Churches, which would be a further Help to their Maintenance.
But Oliver told them, They mufl obtain an Acl of Parliament for
the firfl ; and as to the latter, Care should be taken to anfwer their
Purpofe. But the Confcquence of this Promife feem'd as if it had
never afterwards entcr'd into the Protector's Thoughts. Sir Henry
Sliugsby was Prifoner in Hull, and afterwards fent to the Tower.

[00] CromwelVs old Friends now feem'd to turn his Enemies ;
and feveral Plots were concerted againft him. Sir Hex. Kj.ingsby,
and Dr. IIewet, were beheaded on the 6th of June: Others were
hang'd, drawn and quarter'd. Dunkirk was furrender'd to the En-
glish, on the 25th. The Protector fell fick in Augufl ; dy'd the 3d of
September ; and Richard, his Son, was proclaim'd.

[PP~\ The Parliament this Year was fufpicious of General Monk.

[qq~\ By Order of the Commons, the General pull'd down the
Gates of London: But excus'd himfelf at Guild-Hall, by declaring
for a free Parliament. It fat the 25th of April ; to whom the
King's Declaration of a Pardon, with fome Exceptions, and his Let-
ter to the Lords, were read, and accepted, with the greateft Joy.
His Majefty was proclaim'd on Monday, the 8th of May. The
News, well confirm'd, reach'd Hull, the 16th : Upon which, the
Mayor, William RaMSDEN, Efq ; (who held the Office 'till Sep-
tember, when Alderman Richardfon fuccecded) called a I [all, and
imparted the fame to the joyful Inhabitants : When it happen'd,
that fome ofthofe Men, who had been zealous for the Parliament,
feem'd now forward to proclaim the King. Colonel Charles Fair-
fax iht Governour, with the Aldermen Raikes, Barnard, &c. met

the Day following, in their Scarlet Gowns, and bell Apparel. From

the Hall, they walk'd in Proceflion to the Market-Place^ wherea

Scaffold being prepar'd.eover'd with red Cloth, they afcended there-

172 King Charles [I. Proclaim } d in Hull.

on : When the Mayor, with a loud Voice, proclaim'd his Majefty
the Rightful Kingoverthe Britifh Realms, and other Dominions :
Then the Trumpets refounded, Drums beat, Cannons roar'd, and
the Air feem'd to be rent with Acclamations. "The Joy of the
" late diftreffed Royalifts, fays an excellent . luthor, broke out with
"inconceivable Elasticity ! Tranfports and Ecftacies were emi-
" nently confpicuous." A fweet Emulation appear'd amongft the
greater Part, who fhould bell exprefs their Gratitude to Heaven !
In the Streets, tho' infinitely crowded, main- were feen, on bended
Knees, with lift-up Hands, praifing God, they had liv'd to fee this
happy Day ! And, at Night, the Windows were illuminated ; the
Bells rung; withall other Demonllrations of an affectionate People.
And this, I think, may anticipate an Objection made againft the
Town, That it ought to be ever Jligmatiz'd as a rebellious Place !
An uncharitable, unreasonable Reflection from any Perfon in Eng-
land: Becaufe, the whole Nation might as well lie under the like
Calumny ; and indeed the other two Kingdoms, which feem'd to
fhare in the Guilt, againft King Charles I. thro' an impetuous
Torrent of the utmoft Wickednefs, acted under the Cloak of Reli-
gion. It was the Strength of //////, that made each Party ftrive to
acquire it : And, as a renown'd King was its fir ft Founder ; fo, 'till
then, it continued loyal to diftreffed Princes. Tho' it became a For-
trefs againft the Lovers of Monarch)-, in a corrupt A^e ; yet that

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