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History of Hull (Annales Regioduni Hullini) online

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in Reality, thro its being mournfully celebrated by the immortal

HOMER: A nd J E RU S A L E M , once a mojl renowned City, now

farce any more than a little Village, how fweetly is it lamented

and commemorated by the mofl mellifluous and iufpircd Writers !

So that it ferns to have a Being, thd in miserable Ruins, as it is

deliver d dozen to ns, thro the powerful Charms of A N T IQUI T Y .

If we defend only to Britain, we even relish the unfavory Accounts,

when the Natives are faid to have worn little or no Garments, had

no Ilonfes to dwell in ; but rude Skins of wild Beafls ferved for

the former, shady Trees and Forcfls the latter. As we find how

their Politcncfs and Felicity increase! our Joy rifes in Proportion

at the Recital : The Valour of the Kings % Caraclacus and


* A Rev. Gentleman, writing of the pious and learned Mr. BOEHM, (who, in
the Year 1686, v try to Prince GEORGE of Denmark, and after his

Refignation of that Employment had travell'd to Ruffia, Confiantinople, Smyrna,
Jerufalem, Alexandria, &c.) has this mod beautiful Paffage concerning him. "How
"often have I heard him withdraw from that Jeru/alem which to that which

"isotope. 1 How often did he improve the Sepulchre which enclofed our Lord's dead
"Bod\. framing the Hearts of Chriftians, wherein the living Chrift is to

"dwell by Faith ! At leaf! did his Journey to the I Inly Land afford him many a fair
"Opportunity to an holy Difcourfe. The earthly Canaan, which he had view'd with
" the eyes of his Body, proved but introductory to the heavenly. — What he had begun,
"he would frequently end with fome noble inflruclive Direction; and filently move
"away to the Spiritual Part, which i^ to be contemplated by Faith only, and to
"which all our A And in this he endeavoured to copy after the

"Pattern of his bleffed Mailer ; who, whilft he was talking about Jacob's Well with
" the Woman of Samaria, drew away by little and little into the fpi ritual Sphere;
"and laying afide the natural Water, difcourfed her about the Well which Jprings
"up into Life cverlafling"

t Pub. Ovin. N Metam. Lib. I.

% Some of the Brafs Heads, which belong'd to the antient British Spears, or
Javelins, curiously made, were found lately between Tadcajler and Weatherby ; with
ther Matters of Antiquil

The PREFACE to the Reader, iii

Cafibelanus, with the unexampled Courage of Queen Boadicca,
raife us to a Pitch of Admiration: Pleas' d, we behold the Expert-
nefs of their SucceJJbrs in War ; their Wifdom, and Piety, in
Policy, or Religion; and admire them for all the neeeffary Laws,
either contrived by them, or copy d after other Nations, for the
common Good of Human Society.

As to the following Work, I had an intention to perform fome-
thiug relating to Kingfton-npon-Hull about four or five Years
ago,foon after my fuccefsful Publication of the Hiflory ^/"YORK.
On purpofe I vifited the Town, took down the Infcriptions that
were within the Church, with what I found remarkable in other
Places, as the firjl Foundation, whereon I might lay a flrouger, the
better to creel my Super ftruelure. Afterguards, by Application, I
met with fundry Manufcripts ; which, thd exceeding ufeful as to
Matters of Pact contained in them, were yet confounded by an
unhappy Difcordancy : Befides, their Incorreclnefs piling' d me into
aim oft iufuperable Difficulties, t/trd which it would have been im-
poffible for me to have extricated my felf had I not pcrfoually
perform' d what I did, and carefully confultcd our latcfl Hiflorians.
The Prolixity of tJiofe tedious Writings were more fit for tirefome
\ T ol umes to be Clofettcd, and laboriously turiid over, than what
was ufeful for a plea) r ant Pocket Companion, plain to the meauefl
Capacity ; lefs troublefome to the Learned the mf elves ; and, above
all, at an eafy Price, confideriug the great Expence and Labour of
fueh an Enterprise: So that when I had feriously ponder 'd on every
thing neeeffary, with the utmofl Impartiality, I was refolvd to
write an entire Piece, wliicli I might more truly call my own ; and
adorn it with whatever could be prodnclive from a Jludious

First, I was determin'd to follow the Methods of the beft
Authors, by dividing the Book into certain Periods, or Chapters ;
that fo the Reader might have the greater Relaxation, and more
pleafantly refume the Perufal at proper Opportunities.

Secondly, I defign'd to exhibit the Names of the Right Wor-
shipful the • Magi ft rates, with other < Ifficers of the Corporation,
in or near the Game Pages, which alphabetically refer to what
factions happen'd whilfl 'I re in Power ; that fo, as it


I : oceeded, In tin' nearer Centuries Following the Town's Erection, I
ventur'd t'> fappofe now many tinv - Come ol the Gentlemen had been Mayors, by

their firfl Advancement to ii ind therefore m rated

to me I ifonable : Bill "i th< »fe In lati i \ ji

i in'd, thro' my Examinati i the [nfcriptioni ovei theii Graves

!' i" doubf "i the trot Sp< lling

rently written, I have inferted them both Ways,
ii!.-.: .1 M muf h I had collated oul ol many) thai

;\t be found in 01 thai

iv The P R E FACE to the Reader,

were at one Sight, there might be a pleating Coherency one with

THIRDLY, Digeft what was*neceflary, in the fame Manner,
under the leveral Heads of Difcourfc.

And, LASTLY, By a compleat Index, bring the collateral
Branches to a clofer Union, that every Thing might be found out
. y as poflible by the curious Enquirer.
Well — Thus fix d, as I thought, in my Refolution, I fet about
the Work : But, alas ! I had not proceeded far, before I found the
Subjecls to grow upon me, by an improving Imagination ; yet
attended with fuch a Charge, and Confumption of Time, that were
in no manner fuitable to one Per/on alone, efpecially in my Station
of Life. I fee iii d much in the defponding Condition of the unfor-
tunate Sir John Hotham, as related in the 155/Vi Page of this
Book ; who, having no friendly Park to attend him, was filopt by

i> River, whilft he thought through Flight to attain to an
Afylum of Safety, which then was his fortify d Iloufe at Scar-
borough. Thd the Knight had not the Valour of Alexander,

[warn over the Hydafpes to face a powerful Army ; yet he
had a View of meeting with fome Affiftancc, which might have
•reviv'd his Courage, could he have but crojjf'd thofe rapid Streams :
My Profpecl, over the BITTER Waters of Uncommon Induflry,

• filing but a melancholly Scene of almofl infinite Labour and
Expence, I fcarce could fay, L knew to what End. Only there was

Difference (which raifed my Hope) between the diflreffed

Knight's Cafe, and mine: He zcas deferting the Town ofYLuM ; /

fr Protection to it. Whether this Thought might prove of

I or no, / w,is refolved to wait with Patience and Refigna-
' i • / knew the Copioufnefs of the Subjecls might require

r Labours, my Defign was to make This as comprehensive

iceep table as I could for the prefent ; and, where I fell fhort,

. Deficiencies, fome time or other, by a careful and faithful

Supplement to the Whole.

And here, I mufi humbly beg of the more curious Reader, to

■d a while his Judgment, 'till he has given the Book a careful

faf and confider'd jufily the indefatigable Pains of fuch a

Composition :

\ niong the many Epitaphs, there are fome that are really affecting and

is, efpecially in the Towns along the Sea Shore : They feem like preaching

es to prepare us for thofe immenfe Regions of Immortality, before we go hence,

n in this World! Some are placed according to the Wills of the

Deceafed ; others of 'em thro' tender Refpect of their furviving Friends ; and all for

the due Contemplation of Human Nature, which furely muft, one time or other, be

laid within the earth, in order to appear at the General Refurre<5lion, to Life or Death

eternal : Of which the Poet writes,

jfuduis extrema fententia luce vocabit

Ad fua Regno, bonos, Phlegethonta Malos.

The PREFACE to the Reader. v

Composition : For without Candour, I am almojl certain, no true
Charaeler can be given. If afterwards it can be provd that I have
been defective and exceedingly erroneous, as few Authors this way
can be entirely free ; if I have corrupted Hiflory by defigued
Partiality, and not related Tilings as they have been aclcd : Why
then, should any P erf on, after a decent Manner, with the Spirit of
Meekuefs, employ the Prefs, by doing of a Better within the like
Compafs ; or to confute me, and put his Name tJicreto, (for the*\x\\-
known Envious or Ignorant, which are f fynonimous, are either
not worth regarding, or to be aufwerd in another Method) if I
find the A rguments are of any Validity, I shall be very willing for
the Publick Good, to own all the Errors in the Book, were itpoffible
there should be an Infinity of them : But otherwife, 1 shall return
a modejl Anfwer, in the fame Spirit, by zuay of defending what
ought to be defended, fuch as, I hope, will give no Reafou for any
P erf on ju flly to complain againfl me. For indeed, as to the Civil
Wars, when England was jlaiu'd with the Blood of its Nobility
and Gentry, I think fcarce any can mention thofe dreadful Times,
without raijing the Pafjions of the Mind, in one, or another, accord-
ing to the different Principles of Mankind: In which, thd I eve;
approved of Moderation, I was to consider my f elf as an Hijlorian.
and confequently ought not to recede from Truth a Tittle. I knew
f was exempt from the Objections of Persons in the present Age,
whom I had nothing to do with (at leafl little to fear from) in this
Refpeel ; fincc the bejl and greater Number of us, I trufl, are so
/irmly attach! d to Regal Dignity, for the Sake of our Prefent Gra-
cious SOVEREIGN, as never to be led to approve of fuch
wicked Aelions, as were formerly perpetrated, to the Downfal of
the Reform' d Epif copal Church of England, and the well-fettled
State of the Nation, by the unparalleFd Murder of one of the bejl
of Kings ! Events, which pofjibly might have been prevented, was
it not for the un dutiful Behaviour of Sir John Hotham to his
highly injur d Majejly ; for which Crime divine Vengeance feeni d
to purfne him, whiljl he fcarcely enjoy d the Benefit of Repentance.

* Were even fuch fenfelefs, unkilling Satyrijls to be known, who should li
with other natural and endemic Diftempers to be troubled with the Scribling II < 1 1 .
rite(va meet Malice) againfl what they had ueva tin- Glorious Spirit to under-
take; the wifeft of Sovereign Princes, King SOLOMON had given Advice to Mankind

hi both the Cafes above-mentioned, Prev, vi. 4, 5. the [aft of which teems very proper :
fiefponde StoUdo Secundum ytuMtiam ejus, cVc- In like manner should all /// /'/'// — Hi
or Sc—bby Sc—d — Is whatever be fcrvM, who might cllc abufe their own /•,;.'..

>v, (acrifice their very Religion for Intel. It Sake ! 'Til the pari "l

charitable Doclon to core fuch filthy Wretch whal li

defign'd to be aferal to the World, and which may Sourish In fpite "i the whole Race
of/ fy, beggar?) SOTS, who (like horrid / <tt,> />>,//,, I mignt fuppofe theii 1
Dnlue/i and impious Impudence would frighten Mankind from theii tret Habitations.

t /wVKK.slayeth the Silly One I i V. 2.

vi The PREFACE to the Reader.

I could have wish'd there had been no Occafwn for me to mention
the di/mal ( atafirop/ie of cither ; but J could not avoid it, as they
concern \l this //(/lory in a very particular Manner.

To lay a/idc therefore fuc/i melancholly Remarks, let us turn our
Thoughts towards the TOWN OS in its former State. 'Twos
f uch, that, as it were, might, for its dates, Walls, Towers, Ike. gain
the Appellation of a Pretty CITY. Mr. Camden has long since
made Report of its being famous for f /lately Edifices, flrong For-
tifications, &c. abounding with Opu'leucy and Plenty. Nay, he
/files the Inhabitants * Citizens, who informed him how they were
fir 'I govern' 'd by a Warden; and confirm' d what was before his
Time, as I have related in the following Sheets.

Pleafant would the Profpefl have been, had it been taken in those
Times, when Buildings were more pompous, thd perhaps lejs ufeful,
than at pre fen t : For Religious Houfes feldom wanted the Orna-
ments of Towers, Turrets, Spires. Coutraforts and Battlements, to
make 'cm look more venerable : But, Thanks be to GOD, there are
tw • fair Churches, that give Luflre to the Town ; which have
efcaped the Rage of 'wicked Men, and become the Places where our
mo/l Holy and Orthodox Religion is profp'sd. To ornament this
Work, I caufed two Copper-Plates to be engraved : One a South
Profpecl of the largefl and mojl beautiful Edifice, dedicated to the
Holy Trinity ; the other, an Eafl View of the /'own which in
part exhibits that confecrated to St. Mary : /// both of which, fo
many Right Worshipful and Honourable Perfons (whofe Memories
ought ever to be held in Veneration for that Piety, I 'irtue, and
Charity, which adorn 'd their Lives) now lie repolitcd. Other
Matters I have only infer ted as common Ornaments of the Prefs ;
of 'which, thd I cannot utter much, yet I am fatisfyd arc not to be
difcommended ; and might be a Crime if omitted, (especially the
Plan, which shews the Streets, Lanes, Sec.) becaufe iujlruclive to
di/laut Readers.

AndwJiat can appear more beautiful, or be more refreshing, than
the Haven, refembliug for Colour as it were an Ocean of Silver,
into which fo many Rivers difcharge thcmfclves / Here I mufl in-
form my Readers what Camden has mentioned concerning it.
Ptolomy, he fays, call'd it the /Eftuary Abns ; the Saxons,
IBER ; and confcqucutly, the Land, -lying North of it, North-
Humber-Land, which became a great Kingdom in the Heptarchy.


t Ut magnihcis aedificiU firmis propugnaculis, navibus inftrudliffimis, mercatorum

copia, & rerum omnium ofrluentk'i fit nunc emporium hujus tractus longe celeberri-
mum. CAM. Pag. 579.

* Pro Magiflratu (ut a Civibus accepi) priraum Cuftodem habuit, Inde Ballivos,
Mnjorem cum Ballivis, &c. ibid.

The PREFACE to the Reader, vii

But the Names of % both, he thinks, are derived front Aber, a
British Word, which denotes the Mouth of a River ; and perhaps
might be given to this by Way of Eminence, (writes his excellent
Improver) becaufe the Hums, or Oufe, with all thofe Streams that
flow into it, and other great Rivers of Note, come tumbling in here.
An* sEfluary, which certainly is the largefl belonging to Britain,
and mod abounding with the Finny Race. Alexander Necham, a
Poet, is quoted, who agrees with what is written, as to the Name
of Humber, and the Danger it threatens Mariners with at certain
Times: All which /shall thus paraphrafe.

Each Flux and Reflux feems more dreadful far

To Careful Pilots, than Neptunian f Waves ;
Rapid the Streams, the Murmurs frightful are,

Which feem to point to them their wat'ry Graves !
Proudly it paffes Towns, with loft)' Spires ;

Far in the Country force the flowing Tides :
Nor lefs feems dreadful, when it back retires,

And borrow'd Streams within the Ocean hides.

As +t Necham, and ** another Poet, intimate, that the firfl

Syllable of Humber was properly to be derivd from a Country or

People that belong d to a Prince, who (flying from a British King

that /'itrfu'd him) perish 'd in the Streams ; I shall thus alter the

.slat ion.

+ + The Prince of Hunns turns Back to King Locriue :
Flying, the Waters ftop him with his Breath ;
Humber! his Fate gave thee that Name of thine ;
And thou can'ft boaft of giving him his Death.

But I hope this famous /Efluary is not Jo dangerous now, as it


trunque aomen ex Aber Jiritannico deflexum videatur, quod fluminis oftium

illis denotat, <S: lmic i;;itur impofitum cxilliiiRin, qudd Urus, five Oufa plurimos

fuo hofpitii in hoe deducit, aliaque maximi nominis flumina in illud

cvolvuntur. CAM. Pag. 577.

• I'.i certe tutius Britannia; Beftuarium eft ampliflimum, iV pifcofllfimom.

uflibus erquorcis tiautis fufpecTior Humber,
Dedignant urbet vifere, rura eolit.

■\ Antiquary tells us, That the Sea has fwallow'd up feveraj Town
i Holder ne/*, wh Fristnerk, Tharlethorp, Rtdmayr, 1\>:.

ntenfpum. \<> v In. h fome have added, Botevantewaa Grim/ton.

Hunnorum /;■///< c/r oftendens til
Submer/ut nomen contulit Humbrit

•• Dum fitgit, nbjlat a /lumen, Jubmergitur .
/jc/.~ .7.7 nomine, north

CAM. Pag. 577

viii The P R E F A C E to the Reader

was in antient Times; at lea/l, that our Mariners, groiving more

• in Navigation, know better how to avoid or pafs by what
ife precipitately prove their Dejlruclion. The River
HULL, ivhofe Rife is from the Woulds, has a near vicinity to this
Conflux, along with Little-Oufe, Aire, Calder, || Wliarfe, and
Eure ; alfo Trent, Darwent-manifold, and Ankham, out of Lin-
colnshire : All of which empty than/elves into the German Ocean.
I have thus dwelt upon thefe Defcriptions, becaufe neceffary to
illiterate the Pro/peels mention' d a little before, -which zvere chiefly

rid to preferve the fair Ideas to diflant Readers, who dwell
upon the Land; or for the Entertainment of thofe Mariners, who
•vers of this Port and Town, whiljl they are pleafantly fail-
ing (fwiftly before the Wind) with fresh and profperous Gales:
When (in being exempted from foaming Billows and raging
Storms, which require the utmofl Labour to preferve the tottering
Veffels) they may have little clfe to do, than divert themfelves by
perufing this IP/lory ; and coufequeutly, being better furuis/id
-with the Knowledge of what they have but traujieutly feeu, their
Difcourfe may be render \l more delightful, in thofe Towns abroad,
whofe Inhabitants are Lovers of Kingfton-upon-Hull, when they

pafs d the Ocean, and shall be fafely arrived on the Belgic or
German Shores.

And here I mujl take fame Notice of what makes not one of tin

Parts in this Work ; and that is, an Account of the Family
of the De la POLES, with their furprizing Actions, Jince, by *

• '/'them, who obtained great Priviledges for the Pawn, it was


there are many pretty Rivers in England, charming the Eyes, and captiva*

oughts by their limpid Streams ; yet, I think, none can exceed the Wharf*

I »ik Notice of it in travelling to vifit my Relations in the Weftem

of Yorkshire. The Solitude, and pleafant Murmuring of the Waters, with the

■ ghtful Banks on either Side, wou'd as well become the Seats of the Mufes, as ever

//is, or Thames^ were reprefented to adorn thofe renowned for Learning.

taken Notice of it, as I have perceiv'd, except the ingenious and attracl-

Ifai/lers, on Occafion of her journey from Otley to Wakefield; who,

having gain'd the Summit of a high Mountain, and furvey'd the pleafing Variety of

Nature below, beftows this Encomium on the River, in a modeft defire, which might

mother in the Publick, that she would but endeavour to compleat the lovely

i . which this Gentlewoman hinted at in thefe Lines.

"What vaft Variety the Profpect yields

"Of Rocks, and Woods, and Lawns, and flow'ry Fields !

"The winding Wharf; the diff'rent Shades of Green,

" Houfes and Hills diverfify the Scene.

"Oh ! could my Thoughts in rifmg Numbers flow,

sprightly as WAarfe, and as delightful too ;
■• Strong, but yet clear, the wand'ring Stream should glide,
"Rush o'er its ftoney Bed, and pour a Silver Tide,
" With diff'rent Courfes, thro' the verdant Vale,
"The Chiefeft Beauty of the beauteous Dale."

* Qua omnia accepta ferunt Gives partim Michaeli De-la-Pole, qui privilegia huic
impetravit, &r. CAM, Pag. 577.

The PREFACE to the Reader, ix

firjl partly raised to its Grandeur, and foon after enabled to build
a f Brick Wall, with many Tozvers, on that Side which was not
defended by the River. Indeed his Father, Sir William, (who ob-
tain'd of King EDWARD the TJiird that never-to-be-forgotten
Honour of having been the fir fl MAYOR of HULL) had piously
begun the famous Work of the Charter-Houfe, with other flately
Buildings ; but Death clojing his Eyes before the Deflres of his
Heart were accomplislied, Ids glorious Sou MICHAEL Lord of
Wingfieldyfw/^'rt' it, gave a Charter thereto as hereafter mentioned,
and built a mofl flately Palace for his Refidence, of which there is
a remarkable Account of the Manner of its Struelure : Yet, for all
his good Deeds, his being a faitJiful Sub/eel, an able Statcfman,
true to his King, and a lover of his Country, he was forced into
France, where he obfeurcly ended his Days. His Succcffors were
feveral of them unforUinate thro 1 their Attachment to their Prince,
for which they fujfcr'd the greatefl Calamities, even Death itfelf,
and frequently murder d in their Reputations, in being made the
Sport of every infipid Writer, or gingling Poctafter. A Family
fo unfortunately remarkable, and by whofe Influence this liappy
Toxvn received fo many fignal Favours, I have traced, as far as I
was able, almofl from their Beginning to the Period of their Glory !
From whom this ferious Reflection may be drawn, That, to our
Vigilance, we should add Contentment in every Station of Life ;
fincc neither Virtue, Honour, Riches, Palaces, or fair Eflates, are
fo durable, as to enfure us from the Force of Vice, Slander, Decay,
Deflructiou, or the Snares of dcfigning Perfons : So that by
feriously coufidering the unhappy Fall of this once Great Family,
we may lefs wonder at, and endeavour more chearfully to bear,
whatever Afflictions may happen to ourf elves.

I think I have but little more to add, fearing that I have
eularg'd too much already. What further I wou'd remark, is,
That a Book of this famous Town, having never been fully pub-
lished before, may be an Inducement to a kind Reception. I would
not have it, or any other Production of mine, prevent the Grand
Defigns of thofe more capable, (I hope I may add more induftrious)
when ever they shall be heartily intended by fuch Perfons. May
all imaginable Succcfs, I finccrely pray, attend them, purely for the
Sake of their Labours ! Certainly what I've done, to prevent Dif-
chronifvi, or Errors relating to Matters of Fat /, and ' f moot king cut
the overgrown and almofl untrodden rat lis of Antiquity, mujl be a
very great Affiflance to further Enquiries. Without Vanity, I


t Undc brevi admodum fpatio latcritio muro, crebri que turriboi urban fuun

fcpfcrunt, qua fluminc non defenditur. < 1M /'■; 577

x The PREFACE to the Reader

may affirm, that fay lefs Pains have (from learned Pais) met
with greater Approbation than ever, Cod knows, I shall either
expert or tie/ire. But 'till fuch fublimer Works do appear in
shining I. u /he, whofe glittering Beams shall as it were quite
eclip/e the fading (i lories of mine ; I hope I may fay to every kind
Reader what the ingenious Poet /aid to his advifed Friend, which
is often juftly quoted in the like Cafes.

* Live, and farewell. If any Thing you know
Better than thefe, I pray you now be free :
Fairly impart them ; make your Wit to flow ;
If not, then ufe thefe Rules along with me.

And as I de/igrid this to be the lafl I Fork I should ever under-
take in Search of Things of this Nature, (unlefs perhaps to reprint
feme of my former Editions) I have communicated to the World,
in fevcral Letters, what have been font me from various Places :
Wherein there is fuch a plea fan t Intermixture of Wit among the
ferious Thoughts of Antiquity, that / hope will be look'd upon as
confiderablc Additions ; and prove very delightful to thofe curious
Perfons, who travel to Whitby, Scarborough, and other Towns
along the Shore. I return my hearty Thanks to thofe generous
Encouragers, from whom I had the leaf? Afjijlance towards pro-
moting this Work, or have been Wcll-WisJiers to it. Nor have
mv Enquiries been wanting as I had Opportunities to gather what
was remarkable : Thus have I done myfelf the Honour to commem-
orate the late Reverend, Pious and Learned Dr. C H A RL E S
RLAKE.t Subdean of York, &c. in Rcfpcrt that I was one of
his Parishioners when he was the worthy Minifler of S.
Sepulchre's Church in London: And thro the great Efleem. the
late famous Sir WILLIAM DAWES, Bart, had for that ex-
cellent Divine (as mention 'd in the Jufcription wrote of him by his
Friends) have, by inferting it, given a Sanction to my Page, as
being adorn' d with the Name of One of the mofl glorious Prelates,
once bclovd and admir'd, and whofe Memory will ever be precious,
for the Blefjiugs he was endow d, with, both for Pre fence of Body
and Mind, with every Ornament of I 'irtue becoming his venerable
Chararter, as ever yet adorn' d the 'Throne of this Archiepifcopal See.

Online LibraryThomas GentHistory of Hull (Annales Regioduni Hullini) → online text (page 3 of 29)