Thomas Gent.

History of Hull (Annales Regioduni Hullini) online

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To conclude this (I fear) too long a Preface : If all the Pains I
have taken, will prove of any Service or Delight to the Reader ; if
bringing the Glory of our Auccflors in pafl Ages, as it were from

their

* Vive, vale. Si quid novifti reclius iftis,

Candiclus imperti : fi non, his utere mecum. HOR.

•f He lies intoml>'d under a handfome Monument in St. Helen's Church- Yard
at Whddrake, near York. Sec Fagc 63, &c. of this Book.



The PREFACE to the Reader.



XI



their Tombs and Sepulchres, will be plea/ant to be remember d by
the prefent : I shall then think my Labours happily compenfated,
and blefs kind Providence for enabling me to perform whatever can
be acceptable to the World. Nay, should it prove the contrary, I
do not in the leafl doubt of receiving that reciprocal Kindnefs from
it, in being suffer d filnitly to slide away into that dark Obscurity,
from which I thought to withdraw the Veil, that the glorious
Aclions of others might appear afresh for our Imitation. I write
this, not that I cotirt the Favour of the Envious : For none, who
may think to gain any Advantage by (or fatisfy their uureafou-
able Malice in) running down any autheutick Labours, as tho' my
Deflruclion alone was intended, shall never by me be owrid as com-
petent fudges. But to the far Better and Difinterefled Part of the
World, in each Sex, and every Degree ; wtto arc not to be deceivd
by the gilded Folly of ridiculous Calumniators ; can perceive by
candid and impartial Examination where there is real true Merit
from pretended ; and, by conjidering the Greatnefs of the Dcfign,
will tenderly excufe fame almqfi unavoidable Errors that may
happen in afirfl, but laudable Attempt : To Thcfe, (Thefe only) do
I fubmit myfelf and lay this my Performance at their Feet: who,
I trufl in GOD, as they are to be my Judges on this Occafwn, will
have jufl Reafon to prove my Advocates too. But, let the Confc-
quences be whatever they will, my Rcfpecl, whilll I have Breath,
shall continue fleadfafl to the Town ^/Kingfton-upon-Hull : May
its flourishing Inhabitants be ever happy, and never fujfer fucJi like
wretched Contingencies, to which they have been formerly expos' d !
May Profpcrity be continually flowing with the welcome 'Tides
towards their celebrated Haven, and fafely laud upon the happy
Shore ! May their late Gratitude to the 'Memory of their Glorious
Deliverer, meet with a jufl Regard from their Royal Defender !
Harmony and Union adorn the Magiflrates ; Love and Obedience
be the glory of the People : That fo, after many comfortable Ages,
and happy succcjfions, both in Church and Civil Government, the
Corporation may flill flourish more and more, without the leafl
Interruption, or Dcclenfiou, 'till the End of the World.

'"^fcjT Thomas Gent.




Til I



L * * J




„:■:.■ — .. ■'.■■.., ■..■.. . ■_'.:■■■■. .'.■;■• . .■.: ■...- ,.■:...' : j .o:?



THE



CONTENTS

OF THE

CHAPTERS.




HAP. I. Of the Nature and Situation of the Laud,
before tlie Town was erected ; and of its fuccefs-
ful Beginning, in the Reign of King EDWARD
the Firfi, thro Means of that Monarch's being
wonderfully taken with the delightful Profpeils,
both by Land and Water, as lie teas hunting along the SJwre
with his Nobles. Page I

CHAP. II. Of the Building of tlie High-Church, dedicated to the
Holy Trinity : With tlie Monuments and Infcriptions, at
prefent therein, and in the Church- Yard : Likewife thofe
of St. Mary's, called tlie Low-Church. P. 13

Chap. III. Of the Monasteries, and other Religious
Houfes in Kingfton-upon-HULL ; With an Account of their

Benefaclors ;



[ *% }

Benefactors; but more efpecially of the Family of De la Pole,
fome of whom came at la ft to be of Royal Blood. P. 66

Chap. IV. An Account of tlie Streets, Lanes, &c, that are in
Kingfton-upon-Hull. P. S2

Chap. V. Containing fome few Incidents from the Foundation
of the Churches, 'til/ the Time when the firfi M ayor of

Kingfton-upon-Hull was eleclcd, in the Year 1332. P. S6

Chap. VI. An Account of 'the Mayors, from the Year 1332, 7/7/
1439, when a Sheriff was appointed; With what remarkable
Accidents happened, relating to HULL. P. 89

Chap. VII. A Continuation of the MAYORS, and Beginning of
the Sheriffs, 'till the Year of CHRIST, 1561. P. 99

Chap. VIII. Continuation of the MAYORS, and Sheriffs,
together with fome Account of the Chamberlains, and what
Tranfaclions have happened, relating to Kingfton-upon-Hull.
until the Year of CHRIST, 161 1. P. 121

Chap. IX. The Accounts carried down from the aforefaid Year,
'till the Death of King CHARLES the Firfi. P. 130

C h a p. X. From thence to the Reftoration of King CHARLES II.
audfo to the Beginning of the Reign of King James II. P. 1C9

C H a p. XI. The Succeffion of Magistrates, cW. brought dozen

to the Revolution : WithwJiat remarkable Transactions hap-
pcucd thereupon. P. 181

CHAP. XII. Continuation of the MAYORS, SHERIFFS, and

Chamberlains, :ei/h other Affairs, and Remarks, down to

the prefent Times. V . [90

A EX-



EXPLANATION

O F T II E

Eaft PROSPECT of the Royal
Town of Kings ton-upon- Hull.

[Which precedes the CttlC^agC*]

AT the Top, on the Left Hand, is a Reprefentation of Part
of an old Monaftery, as fuppofing it to have been Meaux
Abbey ; becaufe from the Abbot of that Place, the Royal
Founder King Edward the Firft purchafed the Ground where
KingJlon-upon-Hull now ftands : The King is alfo portray'd
as hunting with his Nobles, &c.

On the Right Hand is delineated the Effigy of King
WILLIAM III. of Ever-Glorious Memory.

Beneath is the Profpect of the Town itfelf : And the
Figures I, 2, 3, &c. interfpers'd here and there, denote the
following Particulars, viz.



1. DArt of Lincoln-

shire.

2. H UMBER.

3. South Block-House.

4. The Garrifon.



5. Goveniours Iloufc.

6. Soldiers Barracks.

7. H. Trinity Church,

8. Old Guard Houfe.

9. St. Mary'i - Church.



10. The Magazine.

11. North-Bridge.

12. Sugar- Ho ufe.

13. Dry pool Church.

14. New- Cut.



p?RRA TA. The literal Errata in the Book, I humbly fubmit to my Readers ; and
hope they will be fo kind, as to amend them with the Pen, where ever they
shall find any.

THE



[ I J




The Antient and Moder



N



HISTORY

Of the Town, and County, of

KlNGSTON-\vpon-HULL.



CHAP. I.

Of the Nature and Situation of the Land, before the
Town was creeled ; and of its fuccefsful Beginning
in the Reign of King EDWARD the Firji.







THE Glorious Gofpel of our Bleffed
Redeemer, (find eftablished in the
Northern Parts, thro' Means of the
exemplar)- Life, and powerful Prcach-
I PAULINUS, Archbishop of York,
who converted Edwin, (Son ofALLA,
the Firft Ruler of Deira) King of Northumberland, A. D.
about the Year Six Hundred after CHRIST) was 624, <
in feeming Perfection, according to the Devotion of /Enii
that Age, in which the valourous King Edward the
Firft magnificently ruled over this Realm ; and when,

thro'



2 Chap. i. The History and Antiquities



thro' the Encouragement of that triumphant Monarch,
the rich Town of HULL began to have its Rife.
Surely this feemed, to the confiderate Perfons, then
living, a moll happy Prefage of its future Glory,
thro' tht Graces and Ornaments of a Royal Prince,
a devout Chriftian, and one of the moil renowned
and victorious Heroes, that was then to he found
throughout the whole Universe.

But, to look further back, and confider the Na-
ture and Situation of the Place, it ma)' not be im-
proper to suppofe, That, in antient Times, all that
Ground, whereon this Royal TOWN now ftands,
was but a low barren Point of Land, extending it-
felf, as an acute Angle, between the Rivers I lumber
and Hull ; 'till, at length, their Streams, thro' a con-
tinual Overflowing, had caft up fo much Sand and
Earth upon the fame, as raifed it to a competent
Height and Drincfs. And, as Nature, unaffifted by
Art, is often very slow in fuch defirable Improve-
ments ; fo, we may reafonably give her the Time
of fomc Ages, fuppofing two or three hundred
Years, for raifing this very Point, from its low
Condition, unto the fufficient Height of being fafe
and ufeful both to Man, or Beaft.

WHEN Julius Cccfar, the firfl Roman Emperor,
(after having conquer'd the powerful Gauls, either
fir'd with the Prospect of New Glories in being alfo
Sovereign of the Weftern World, or provok'd by
the Bri tains fending Supplies to his Enemies in his
A. ant. C. late Wars) made two Expeditions into this Realm,
,, which were between Fifty and Sixty Years before
the Incarnation of the Son of God ; then the North-
ern Pails of Great-Britain, began to flourish from
its former low Condition, and were in the large
Kingdom of the Brigantes.

SOON after, the Romans, being called home, to
defend their own Territories from the Incurfions of

the



52.



Of t lie Royal Town of KiNGSTON-upon-HuLL. 3

the Got/ics, Swedes, and Vandals ; the Saxons landed,
and poffefs'd themfelves of the whole Island ; divided
it into Kingdoms ; making themfelves Governors
thereof ; and then, this Part fell to be in the
Kingdom call'd Deira, which was afterwards by
Conqueft united to that of Northumberland.

It was, in thofe Times, that the Danes often in-
vading the Land, us'd to vifit Number, and the ad-
jacent Shore, then but poor and almoft naked !
There they ferved the laborious Fishermen, with
their humble Cottages, juft as thofe cruel, inhu-
man and bloody Wretches had before done, to thofe
Perfons and Places, over whom, and where, they
ever had obtain'd an arbitrary Power : That, in
short, was, burning, murdering, ranfacking and dc-
ftroying all before them !

But, about One Hundred Years after thefe ter-
rible Depopulations, the Danes being all driven out
of the Realm ; by the wife and pacifick Manage-
ment of King EDWARD the Confeffor, this Nation
then enjoy'd a pretty conftant Peace, 'till the Death A. D.
of the valiant King HAROLD ; which concluded the 1066.
Empire of the English Saxons, in this Nation, (begun
by HENGIST and HORSA, and fuftain'd with fome lit-
tle Interruptions for about 617 Years) when WIL-
LIAM, Duke of Normandy, by overthrowing his Army
in Battle, in which that Hero was slain with an
Arrow, obtain'd this Kingdom by Conqueft, and fo
advane'd himfelf to the Throne, Crown and Dignity
of that unfortunate Prince.

Tin-; .Monarch enjoy'd not his Victory above
Four Years, before he was difturb'd by Sweyn, King
of Denmark: Who, coming with a great Fleet into
the //umber ; and, with his Soldiers, having de-
ftroy'd all that was in the leafl valuable in the
Country on both Sides tin River, liny proceeded
to YORK, took and plunder'd that antient City, and
miferably ruin'd the circumjacent Parts for feveral

Miles



4 Chap. i. The His tory a nd Antiquities

Miles together. Among thofe, near //////, that fuf-
fcr'd fuch lamentable Deft ruction, an anticnt Manu-
fcript has particularly recorded the Villages "I
Ferriby, Drypoot, Sailcotes, and Myton : Which lafl
appears to have been a Hamlet, confiding of a few
lira-ling Houfes upon the Banks of Humber ; and
that this Part of the Country was then a kind of
[NGS, open Pafture, or Common. In the Fifteenth
Year of the Reign of the Conqueror, he commanded
a Survey to be taken (call'd Doomfday-Book, as tho'
it should laft for authentic Truth to the Day of
Judgment) of every City, Town, Village, Hamlet,
Monaftry, Church, Chapel, Mill, &c. in the whole
Kingdom ; of all Land, Tillage, Meadow or Wafte ;
who were Owners and Tenants thereof; what they
had been taxed at by the Dams, in the Reign of
King EDWARD the Confefjor, or in the Time fincc
his afcending to the Throne. And this Survey
certify'd his Majcfty of every Place in this Part
of the Country, as follows.

Ix the Eaft-Riding of Yorkshire, {Hafft -/-Hundred)
FERRD3Y is mention'd as a Manor, in which EDINA
" enjoys almoft iooo Acres, that had been affeffed
" at the Dane-Gelt, or Great Tax of the Danes, for
" no more than 50a/. RALPH de MORTIMER was
" Lord of the Manor, and had there under him
" 14 * Villains, or small Farmers, occupying 3
" Caracutcs of Land, which amounted to 300 Acres.
" There was alfo a Church, and a Minifter belong-
" ing to it, in the Time of King EDWARD tin Con-
" feffor : The whole Manor, and all the Villa-
" ages therein, were -dffcfCcd at One Hundred Pounds ;
" but afterwards, confidering the great Ravages
" made by the Danes, it was only tax'd at Sixty."



• CalCd fuch in thofe Days, as fa-ing Servants to the Lord, and
accounted as Members annexed to his Manor.

" To



Of the Royal Town of KiNGSTON-upon-HuLL. 5

"To the fame Manor of FERRIBY belonged
" then the following Villages, and Hamlets :
'• Kirk-EUcy, in which were only two Bovates
u of Land, that contained about 30 Acres of Til-
•' lage ; Waiidby, 100 Acres for the fame Ufe ;
" Yeokfleet, about the fame Number ; RiplingJiain,
"120; My ton, about 140; Wolferton, much the
" fame ; and about 100 in Hqffel" In the Danish
Tax, thefe were reckoned at 6 Caracutes and a half
(each being 125 Acres) befides thofe in Ferriby.
But moft of it lay wafte, thro' their cruel Divefta-
tions. Four Petty Farmers occupy'd one Cara-
cute in Haffcl : The Archbishop of York had about
100 Acres in the Manor of Sculcotes, (or Cow/cotes )
and near 20 in that of Drypool. Ote and RAVEN-
HILL likewife poffeft about 130 Acres of Land;
which alfo were tax'd fo heavily at the Danc-
Gclt, that two of them lay ufelefs as the former ;
'till, in the Time of King Edward the Con-
feffor, they were rated in a more reafonable
Manner.

FROM all which, it may be concluded, That this
Country was but very thinly inhabited before the
Norman Conqueft : That, as the Danes hud, from
Time to Time, deftroy'd moft Part of it ; fo, it lay
wafte and untill'd, in many Places, even to the
Time of this Survey, and perhaps for a long while
after : That Ferriby, tho' it contained not above
thirty Houfes, was then the chicfefr. Town of this
Part of the Country ; thofe leffer, fcarcely ex-
ceeding Twelve each: Ralph de MORTIMER
being the Lord, was likewife Owner of Xcchajom,
Spillington x Grypton, Bri/ion, Honvilgeton, Fulcartkorp,
Cheteleftom, Middleburn, &c. with feveral Territo-
ries in Yorkshire, as well as other Eftates in moft
Counties of England, from whofe Loins after-
wards defcended the famous and renowned Earls
of March.

It



6 Chap. r. The History and Antiquities



It is alfo evident, that all the uforefaid Towns,
particularly Riplingham, Sculcotes, and Dry/tool,

were in the Parish and Manor of Ferrtby : And
it is very probable, all the Inhabitants refortcd
there to hear Divine Service, the Mother CiIURCH
being in that Place. There was then no fuch
Town, or Hamlet, as //j'/v, in Being; for, if it
had, it would never have been omitted in the
Survey. My ton was then the only Hamlet, that
flood on this Neck of Land ; which con filled but
of a few mean Cottages, for poor People to dwell
in, who got their Livings by Fishing, Grazing, or
little Tillage.

BUT, in Procefs of Time, all the aforefaid Towns
began to be inhabited, and flourish more than ever.
It happened, that the Lord of Holdernefs, William
le Gross, who was I^arl of Albemarle, and of Royal
Blood, had made a Vow to vifit Jernfalem : But
Age and Corpulency rendering him unable, he
was fo very much disturb'd in his Mind, that he
apply'd himfelf to Adam, a Monk of FOUNTAINS-
Abbev, to know what might be done to difengage
himfelf from his Vow? Sir, faid the Prieft, if you pleafe
to ereel a Monaftry of the Ciftercian Order, I will engage
to obtain Abfolution for yon from the Roman Pontiff,
EUGENIUS III. The Earl confented, and Adam was
as good as his Word. Jl/elfa, then overgrown with
Woods, and environed with marshy Ground, was
the Place, where the Monk chofe to ere<5l that ve-
nerable Building : And on a little Eminence, call'd
St. Mary's Hill, he fix'd his Staff, pronouncing thefe
Words : May this Plaee hereafter be Jlyl'd the Kings
Court, the Vineyard of Heaven ; and let there be a Peo-
ple created to worship the SAVIOUR of the World. The
Monaftry (which was call'd MEAUX from a Place
in Normandy, from whence thofe that peopled it
came over with the Conqueror) was begun in the
Year 1150, and adorned with ftatcly Pinacles and

Towers :



O f the Royal T own of KiNGSTON-upon-HuLL. 7

Towers : Monks were brought from FOUNTAINS ;
and Adam became their Abbot. The Country
People flock'd to give their Affiftance in the Work,
along with the laborious Priefts, from whofe Doc-
trines they were taught the Means of Salvation ;
and feveral rich Perfons, (as HaWTSIA, the Earl's
Daughter ; Sir Jonx Friboys, Knight ; Peter dc
MaLOLacU ; and RICHARD dc OTTRINGHAM, Rector
of Shelf ord, in Ely Diocefe) gave, and bequeathed,
what might enable them to perform the Parts be-
longing to their Sacred Function.

Tins Monastry flourishing, in so surprizing a
Manner, the Abbot and Monks became able to
purchafe Estates, additional to what they enjoy'd.
Maud CAMIN, a Gentlewoman, fold to them two
Parts of Land that she had in the Village of Myton,
which included feven Stengs, four Bovates, Pafture
for eight Sheep, a Toft, and a Hall : They also
bought of her a Fishery in Humber, two Parts of
her Salt Pits, as many of Land-Croft, with all her
Lordship, for ninety one Marks of Silver ; which
she folemnly confirm'd by laying her Hand on the
Gofpels, in Prefence of Richard, Son of SciiERUS,
or Lord Saver, of Sutton in Holdernefs ; whose Mon-
ument is to be seen at this Day. Other YVitneffes
were, WILLIAM dc Limmingburgh ; THOMAS, Prieft
of Wawgn; Thomas, the Brother of Benedict of
Sculcotes ; with Adam and ALEXANDER, Relations
of J "H.\ the Priest.

IN the Year 1174, the little Hamlet of Wyke,

then given to the Monastry, is thus recorded.

"In the Time of PHILIP the Abbot, the Son of
" John of Meaux, gave, to the Abbe)-, four Ox-
" gangs of Land in Myton, Pasture for four hun-
" dred Sheep, the Seat of one Fishery in Humber,

" tWO Parts of the Salt-Pits there, a Toft, and a
" Hall, tWO Parts of liis Lauds in Wyke, and all
"their Appurtenances. William of Sutton, and

B •• Benedk J



8 Chap. i. The History and Antiquities

"Benedict of Sculcotes, gave them the other
•• Tart of Wyke, within the Water-Furrows, to the

" Bounds of Old-Hull, where formerly was a Grange,
" or Farm-Houfe, divided from the South Part of
" Old-Hull and Humber. And be it known further,
" that, in old Times, New-Hull was nothing but a
" great Dyke, or Sewer, originally made to drain
" the Country ; which, in Procefs of Time, both
" by the Descent of all the Waters that Way, and
" by the Warping up of the old River, Hull grew
" exceeding deep and wide. Hereupon it was
" called some Times New-Hull, and at other
" Times Sayer-Cryk, from the Lord Saver of Sutton :
" Who did not only first cause the same to be cut,
" but alfo had several Rights therein : The Grange-
" Houfe, before-mentioned, ought to be reckoned
" within Wyke aforesaid ; but nothing of it now rc-
" mains : The Place, whereon it stood, which was
" converted into a feeding Pasture, is at present
•' known by the Name of Grange- Wyke, and made
" a new Manor in Myton, call'd Tripcotes, or 7'npeotes."

From hence, Two Things seem remarkable.

i. That even then appear'd some small Ham-
let on this Point of Land, confisting of five or six
mean Cottages call'd Wyke, from their stragling
Situation : Which, undoubtedly, belong'd to, and
were Part of Myton ; tho' it was not in the very
Place where Kingtlon-upon-Hull now stands, but a-
bout a Quarter of a Mile West of it : The Grange
of which, was afterwards made the Manor-House,
and call'd by the Name of Tupcotes, &c.

2. There was then an Old-Hull, and a New.
The former feems to have run into the Humber,
(about half a Mile beyond Drypool) to have
broke its Paffage into it, by fome rapid Flood ; and,
having continued its Course, was grown into a great
River, which now commonly goes by the Name of
//////, and is indeed the Haven of the Town.

Fok



Of the Royal Town of KiNGSTON-upon-HuLL. 9

For about 123 Years, it appears, that Wyke made
but a very poor Figure : There was little else to
be seen, but Kine and Sheep, Cribs and Folds, with
perhaps some Places of Shelter, to defend the Shep-
herds from the Extremities of the Seasons. In the
Year 1296, King Edward I. being justly provok'd Reg. ^
at the bold Defiance of the Scots, in declaring
themselves free from former Obligations to him,
march'd with a courageous Army against them,
and in a bloody Battle slaying 28000, put the rest
to flight : He also took Barwick, Dunbar, Edinho-
rough, with other Places; forc'd John Baliol their
96th Monarch, as a Prisoner, to refign all Scotland,
by a Charter, dated at Brechin, the 10th of July ;
seiz'd upon his Crown, Scepter, Regalia, Coronation
Marble Chair from the Monastry of Scone, (now in
Wejlmin fter- Abbey ■) with the Records ; all which were
^>ent to England, as Trophies of his Victory. After
that, returning" from thence, attended by several
of his martial Nobility, and coming thro' Holder-
ne/s, he was pleased to flay some Days at Baynard- T,ie K ''"^
Caftle, at Cottingham, (a few Miles from Wyke) which wake^TIj
was then the Seat of the Lord Wake ; who receiv'd Ca/lleinQoi-
and entertain'd him, and his noble Retinue, with the tingham.
greateft Magnificence. One Morning, the Monarch
and his Retinue rode a Courting, and started a Hare.
The Creature led them along the pleasant Banks of He rules a
the River //////, and ran amongfl the Cattle and huntin S-
Shepherds at Wyke for Safety. Here the King, be-
ing struck with the Advantageoufnefs <>f the Situa- 7/ <' " taken
tion, an Obje-a far more delightful to his Eye than 2lJt/ ^'
the Sport, quickly conceiv'd a glorious Thought ; Wyke.
which was, to contrive a fortify'd Town, and a safe
commodious Harbour. Whilst his Attendants were
otherwise employ'd, he rode to the Shepherds, and
ask'd, How deep teas /lie River, to what Height the Tydes
flowed, and who was the Owner of the Soil f \\\ all which,
being fully satisfy'd, the King liberally rewarded

those



io Chap. i. The History and Antiquities



those Men, and return'd exceedingly pleas'd to the

Castle ; from whence lie immediately sent to the

+ Five- Miles Monastry off Meaux for the Lord Abbot, and gave

North of him equivalent, or rather more Lands in Lincoln-

Hull. shire, in Exchange for the Ground so ncceffary for

the Splendour, as well as Defence of his Kingdom,

and with which he was so much in Admiration.

NOR, was it a Wonder the King should be so
charm'd with it : For this Piece of Land was fitua-
ted between the Humber, (so call'd, as Historians
write, from a Prince of the Hints ; who, flying from
King LOCRINE, was drowned therein ; which is in-
deed a great Arm of the Sea, in some Places above
a Mile over, running near twenty Miles from the
Ocean to the South of it) and the River Hull, on the
North, which, with its fresh limpid Streams, de-
scending from Driffield, (a Town of Note, for having
ALFRF.n, been the Burial-Place of King ALFRED) as also from
the learned A'. Yorkshire Wbulds, mix'd with that famous /Estuary,
berland aVd allaying the Salt Waters thereof. This Conflux,
about the Be- or Union, more conducing to the Monarch's De-
ghtningofthe fjg ni by the high flowing of the Tides, seem'd na-
turally to afford not only a convenient Harbour
where Ships might safely cast Anchor, without the
Mariners fearing the Rage of Storms, or Tempests ;
but also a Place where Veffels of the greatest Bur-
den might sail very near to the Shore, and eafily
depart, to lade, or be unladen. The other Side of
* T !" : w *°jf the * Land, no Ways washed by either of these Ri-
V fZr„! U ']'/' a vers, seemed fitting for strong Walls, Towers, and
Triangle. Moats, for its Ornament, as well as its Defence.

The Agreement, with the Abbot, being thus hap-
pily concluded, Proclamation was issued forth in two
Months Time, That whoever pleas'd to build, and inhabit
there, should have great Freedoms, Priv Hedges and Im-
munities. To confirm the King's great Defire towards
The Manor a general Encouragement, he order'd a Manor-Hall
Hall built, to be ere<5tcd for his own Use, at the same time com-
manding



Of t lie Royal Town of KiNGSTOX-upon-HuLL. u

manding the Place to be call'd KiiigJlon-upoii-Hull. A. D.
Afterwards, the Harbour was finished by his Or- 1299.
der : When (as 'tis recorded) tJiat Monarch gave Free- The Town's
dom to the Town, whofe Inhabitants from thence became Charter givm



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