Thomas Williams Bicknell.

The history of the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (Volume 8) online

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promise, giving large farms to each of her sons, pos-
sibly to her daughters, for the land of John Watson
(who married in succession two of her daughters) ad-
joined the Gardiner lands. George Gardiner married
for his second wife Lydia Bolton, daughter of Robert
and Susannah Bolton. Children of the first marriage
were: I. Benoni, who was born about 1645. 2. Henry,
born in 1647. 3. George, born in 1649. 4. William,
born in 1651. 5. Nicholas, mentioned below. 6. Dor-
cas, married John ^^'atson. 7. Rebecca, who was prob-
ably the infant carried by her mother to Boston, in
1658. The children of the second marriage were: 8.
Samuel. 9. Joseph. 10. Lydia, who married Joseph
Smith. II. Mary. 12. Peregrine. 13. Robert. 14.
Jeremiah.

(II) Nicholas Gardiner, son of George and Herodias
(Long-Wickes) Gardiner, was born in Newport, R. I.
He took the oath of allegiance in 1671. He received a
large farm as a gift from his wealthy stepfather, John
Porter, and settled in Kingstown, R. I. He married

Hannah , and they were the parents of several

children, among whom was Nicholas, mentioned below.

(III) Nicholas (2) Gardiner, son of Nicholas (i)
and Hannah Gardiner, was born in Kingstown, R. I.,
about 16S0. He married there, October 13, i/og, Mary
Eldred, daughter of Thomas Eldred. of Kingstown,
R. I. Their children were: i. Nicholas, mentioned
below. 2. Ezekiel, born Sept. 29, 1712. 3. Sylvester,
born .^ug. 3, 1714. 4. Hannah, bom Sept. 2, 1717. 5.
Amey, born June 17, 1723. 6. Susannah. 7. Thomas.
8. Dorcas. Nicholas Gardiner was a prosperous
farmer and prominent member of the community at
Kingstown.

(IV) Nicholas (3) Gardiner, son of Nicholas (2)
and Mary (Eldred) Gardiner, was born in Kingstown,
R. I., and died in 1801, at the advanced age of ninety-
one years. He was a large landowner and successful
farmer, owning extensive properties, some of which
he inherited from his father, and some acquired by
purchase. He also owned many slaves. Nicholas (3)
Gardiner was one of the most prominent men of his
day in Kingstown and the surrounding country. He
married (first) in 1729, Martha Havens, daughter of
William Havens, of North Kingstown. R. I. He mar-
ried (second) Dorcas . Children of first mar-
riage: I. Mary, born Sept. 22, 1732; married, Feb. 28,
17.S9. Oliver Reynolds. 2. William, born Sept. 19, 1734;
married, March 2, 1760, Martha Reynolds. 3. Mar-
garet 4. Nicholas, mentioned below. 5. Martha, born
.^ug. 31, 1739; married, March 3, 1760, Stephen Arn-
old. 6. Anna, born May 28, 1741; married Samuel



Norey. 7. Elizabeth, born Sej)t. 22, 1743; mar-
mied Daniel Champlin. 8. Huling, l)orn .-Kug. 18, 1745;
married Elizabeth Northup, daughter of Immanuel
Northup. Children of second marriage: 9. James, born
Oct. 26, 1750. 10. Sylvester, born Aug. .^o, 1752;
married Hannah Reynolds. 11. Francis, born .Xpril 4,
1755; married Waity West. 12. Dorcas, born March
12, 1760.

(V) Nicholas (4) Gardiner, son of Nicholas (3) and
Martha (Havens) Gardiner, was born in Kingstown,
R. I., March 2, 1738. He was a resident of E.xeter,
R. I., where he died June 6, 1815, aged seventy-seven
years. He married (first) Honour Brown, born May
10, 1740, daughter of Beriah Brown, of North Kings-
town, R. I. She died August 19, 1760, without issue,
and he married (second) October 19, 1761, Deborah
\incent. of E.xeter. who was born in 1740, and died May
23, 1813: he married (third) Ruth Tillinghast. His
children were: l. Honour, born Jan. 3, 1763, died un-
married. May 20, 1817. 2. Vincent, liorn Dec. 9, 1764;
married Mary, daughter of Judge Ezekiel Gardiner.

3. Elizabeth, born April 10, 1767, died June 10, 1776.

4. Nicholas, born .^ug. 11, 1769. 5. Beriah, mentioned
below. 6. Willett, born Feb. 13, 1774. 7. Elizabeth,
born Oct. 6, 1776. 8. Benjamin C., born April 27, 1779.

(VI) Beriah Gardiner, son of Nicholas (4) and De-
borah (Vincent) Gardiner, was born in E.xeter, R. I.,
November 16, 1771. During the earlier part of his life
he followed the occupation of farmer, first in his native
town and later at Point Judith. He was obliged to
dispose of his property at Point Judith, however, be-
cause of financial reverses, and removing to Wickford
he became interested in the coasting trade. He fol-
lowed the sea until the time of his death. Beriah Gardi-
ner was familiarly known in Wickford as "Uncle
Beriah;" he was a prominent figure in the life of the
town for many decades. He was a member of the
Baptist church. He married (first) October 21, 1792,
Phebe Gardiner, born October 16, 1772. died ."Kpril 6,
1808. He married (second) October 15, 1808, Eliza-
beth Hammond, daughter of Joseph Hammond, born
.April 3, 1787, and died September i. 1S63. The chil-
dren of first marriage were eight in number. Children
of second marriage: i. Joseph Hammond, born Feb.

22, 181 1, died Nov. 23, 1S93. 2. James .-Vnthony, born
Jan. 23, 1813: died Dec. 23, 1852. 3. Harriet Cottrell,
born March 11, 1815; married Stephen B. Reynolds,
and died Nov. 7. 1896. 4. Lucy .Xnn, born July 21,
1817: married Thomas Rathbun, and died Oct.
16, 1878. 5. Benjamin C, born Sept. II, 1821. died Oct.

23, 1863. 6. .Mdridge Bissell, mentioned below. 7.
William Northup, born Dec. 15, 1828. died Aug. 30,
1875. Beriah Gardiner died February 12, 1S53.

(VII) .Aldridge Bissell Gardiner, son of Beriah and
Elizabeth (Hammond) Gardiner, was born in the town
of Wickford, R. I., May 25, 1826. He received his ele-
mentary education in the public schools of Wickford,
and later attended the Wickford Academy, which,
however, he left on reaching his thirteenth year in
order to enter upon a seafaring life, as most of his
brothers had done. At the age of thirteen years he
shipped before the mast, and after several years' ex-
perience at sea he apprenticed himself to learn the



222



HISTORY OF RHODE ISLAND



manufacturing jewelry trade with Messrs. Hunt &
Owen, of Providence, with whom he remained for nine
years. In 1866 he launched an independent venture in
this line, which proved highly successful. In this he
had for a partner the late Josiah W. Richardson, and
the firm name became Josiah W. Richardson & Com-
pany, and the two men remained associated with one
another until 1881, when the death of Mr. Richardson
dissolved the partnership. From 1881 until 1S93 Mr.
Gardiner conducted the business in partnership with
George H. Richardson, son of his former partner.
During this period it was developed into one of the
leading enterprises of its kind in the city of Providence,
and to-day occupies an honored and influential place
among the jewlery manufacturing houses of the city.
For a long period it was the only firm to specialize in
the making of society emblems. Mr. Gardiner was
well known and highly respected for his business abil-
ity, and the fairness and justice of all his dealings.

He was a prominent figure in the military, fraternal
and social life of Providence. For ten or more years
he was an active member of the First Company of
Light Infantry of Providence, and later became a
member of its Veteran Association. During the Dorr
War he was among the first who offered themselves
for service. At the time of his death he was the old-
est member of St. John's Lodge, Ancient Free and
Accepted Masons; he was also a member of Provi-
dence Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; Providence Coun-
cil, Royal and Select Masters; and of St. John's Com-
mandery. Knights Templar, in which at the time of
his death he was the oldest Sir Knight. He was a
member of the Rhode Island Consistory, thirty-second
degree, Scottish Rite, and of Palestine Temple, An-
cient .Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Mr.
Gardiner was a member of the last delegation from
St. Jolm's Commandery to visit the Richmond Com-
mandcry before the Civil War, and of the first to visit
it after the close of the conflict. He had the honor
of being the first man to be made a Knight of Pythias
in the State of Rhode Island. His clubs were the West
Side and Pomham, of both of which he was a founder,
and the .Athletic Club. His political affiliation was
with the Republican party.

On June 14, 1854, Mr. Gardiner married .Agnes
Doughty Jackson, who was born in Rockaway, Morris
county, N. J., daughter of John D. and Agnes
(Ludlow) Jackson, a member of the family to which
belonged General Andrew Jackson, and a cousin of the
late Governor Ludlow, of New Jersey. Mrs. Gardi-
ner died June 21, 1897. Children: i. Annie Rath-
bun, who became the wife of Frank T. Pearce, manu-
facturer, of Providence; issue; Aldridge Gardiner,
born April 2, 1875; .Anna Elizabeth. 2. Laura Chand-
ler, mentioned below. ,1. John Jackson, died in 1877,
aged seventeen years. Aldridge Bissell Gardiner died
on August II, 1905.

(VIII) Laura Chandler Gardiner, daughter of .Ald-
ridge B. and Agnes Doughty (Jackson) Gardiner, was
born in Providence, R. I., December 6, 1857. She
married. June I, 1881, Judge Christopher Marble Lee,
of Providence, R. I. (See Lee VII). Mrs. Lee sur-
vives her husband, and resides at No. 260 Elmwood
avenue, Providence.



HON. GEORGE CARMICHAEL— As a leader

in military circles, a public official of note, and a
business man and executive of the first rank, the late
Hon. George Carmichael occupied a place of promi-
nence in the life of Rhode Island in the last half of
the nineteenth century to which few of his contempor-
aries attained. Although a native of Scotland, Mr.
Carmichael developed intii an .American citizen of the
finest type, and his patriotism and love for .American
institutions is finely evidenced in his long and honor-
able career as a public servant and in his ardent sup-
port of the cause of the Union in the Civil War.

Hon. George Carmichael was born at Glasgow,
Scotland, November 22, 1838, member of an ancient
and distinguished family which was descended from
one of the oldest of the Scottish border clans. Ma-
ternally he was descended from the Rutherfords, a
famous Highland clan. He came to Westerly, R. I.,
with his parents in early boyhood, and there obtained
a fragmentary schooling. While still a boy he went to
work in the mills, and for several years attended school
at night, after a day of tedious labor. He secured his
first experience in the field in which he later became
a leader as a mill hand in the employ of Welcome and
Orsemus Stillman at Westerly. Evincing unusual abil-
ity, however, he was advanced rapidly to positions of
larger responsibility in the mills at .Ashaway, R. I.,
Bethel and Laurel Glen, Conn., and in these estab-
lishments laid the foundation of his comprehensive
knowledge of the milling industry and the conditions
governing mill operation. In 1875, having amassed
a small capital, Mr. Carmichael founded the Carmichael
Manufacturing Company, for the manufacture of
woolen goods at Shannock, R. I., and was active in the
management of this concern until his death. Through
this enterprise he was brought into prominence in
manufacturing circles in the State, and he maintained
a prominent position in this field until his death.

It was principally through his activities in public
affairs in the State of Rhode Island that the name of
the Hon. George Carmichael will stand forth on the
pages of its history. In political affiliation he was a
stalwart Republican. In 1877, while residing in Shan-
nock, in the town of Richmond, he was elected to the
General Assembly of the State and reelected for a sec-
ond term. Declining a third term, he was elected in
1879 president of the Town Council of Richmond, and
he administered the affairs of the town in a highly sat-
isfactory manner. Against his own wishes, he yielded
to the pressure of public sentiment and accepted an-
other term in the General .Assembly, being unanimously
elected in 1880. In this session his work as a legisla-
tor took on a larger degree of importance. At this
time the remnant of the famous old Narragansett tribe
of Indians still retained their tribal government and
lands in the town of Charlestown. Their reservation
consisted of six thousand acres. Many attempts to
induce the Indians to become citizens of the State and
relinquish their tribal organization had failed. They
were exempt from taxation and from arrest or civil
process while on their reservation. They maintained
their own poor and the State provided their schools.
Mr. Carmichael interested himself in the Indians, and
was appointed on a commission with Dwight R. Adams



BIOGRAPHICAL



223



and William P. Sheffield to negotiate for the purchase
of the common lands of the Indians and to adjust all
the affairs of the tribe. The work was accomplished
in three years, and proved satisfactory both to the
Indians and to the people of the State. The Indians
were paid for their property: they were admitted to
citizenship and their children entered the public
schools. When it was suggested that a monument be
raised to Roger Williams in Providence, Mr. Car-
michael was one of the staunch supporters of the pro-
ject, and when the monument was finally dedicated he
was one of the speakers at the exercises. He secured
from the State an appropriation for the purchase of the
ancient Indian burying ground in Charlestown, where
were buried the principal men, the warriors, kings and
queens of the Xarragansetts, and providing for the care
and fencing of the land and the erection of a suitable
tablet within the enclosure. .\t the same session of the
General .Assembly, Mr. Carmichael secured an appro-
priation to protect the outlet connecting Great Salt
pond in Charletown with the ocean, preventing the
closing of the inlet by storms and tide and thus pre-
serving the fishing and shellfish in the pond. In 1882
Mr. Carmichael changed his residence to the town of
Charlestown, and in 1883 he was elected to the General
Assembly from that town. He continued in the House
of Representatives until 1887. and was then elected to
the State Senate, where he served for two years. For
many years no man possessed greater influence in
South county affairs, and few men in the State were
more successful in securing the ends they had in view
for the public welfare. His name was known and re-
spected throughout the State, and he gave his time and
ability to serve the entire State and to promote all
movements intended for the public welfare. In 1884
he was a presidential elector from Rhode Island and
voted for James G. Blaine for President. In 18S8 he
was elected clerk of the Supreme Court and Court of
Common Pleas for Washington county, and served one
year. He was a member of the committee appointed
to investigate State prison affairs in 1887. In 1892
he was appointed special agent for the United States
general land office, and spent three years in this office,
being absent from home during a greater part of the
time.

During the Civil War, Mr. Carmichael served in
Company B, of the Ninth Rhode Island Volunteer In-
fantry, from May to September, 1862. and he was after-
ward captain of Company H, Eighth Regiment, for
three years, sening during a part of the time in gar-
risoning the forts along the west passage of Xarra-
gansett bay. .-^fter the war he was prominent in the
Grand .Army of the Republic, a member of Burnside
Post, No. 2, of Shannock. He was a commissioner for
the relief of needy soldiers and sailors, and was a
prime mover in securing the necessary legislation to
reimburse the soldiers of the Fourth Regiment for
their uniforms, for which they were charged errone-
ously. No better evidence of the value of Mr. Car-
michael's labors in behalf of the Grand .Army of the
Republic can be asked than the following resolutions
which were presented to him at his home in Shannock
by a delegation of about fifty representative Grand



Army men of the State. The resolutions were beauti-
fully engrossed, and were jjresented by Daniel R. Bal-
lou, of Providence, in an appropriate speech:

Assistant .V'Jjiitant-Generars Oinoe.

Headquarters Depart men i of Rhode I.slaii.i,

Grand .\rniy of the Uepublic.

Providence, Rhode I.-iland. February 9, ]S91.

.Vt a meeting of the 24th annual encampmi-nt held in
Providence on February C. 1,S91. the followins pre-
amble and resolutions were unanimou.slv adopted:

Whereas. The Department of Ithode I.sland. Grand
Army of the Keiiublic. at all times feel under deep
oblig-atlons to any citizen of the State for service ren-
dered in the Interest and welfare of the Veterans of
the War of tlie Rebellion, 1S61-65; therefore,

Resolved, That the thanks of this Department, in
convention assembled, are most heartily extended to
our comrade, State Senator George Carmichael, of
Burnside Post, No. 2, for his untiring efforts and inter-
e.st taken in behalf of the Veteran .Soldiers and Sailora
before the I^egi.<lalure of the Slate of Rhode Island,
and for introducing into the General Assembly the
resolution calling for the revision of the -Vdiutant-
Generals report for the State of Rhode Island for the
year 1S65.

Resolved. That the foregoing resolution be spread
upon the records of ihe Department and that a copv
of the same be suitably engrossed and framed at the
expense of the Department and pre.'^ented to Comrade
George Carmichael. BE.NJ.\MIN F. DAVIS.

Attest: Department Commander.

EDMUND F. PRKNTISS,
Assistant Adjutant-General.

On November 7, 1858, Mr. Carmichael married (first)
Abby Sanford Thomas, of North Kingston, who died
February 19, iSiSs. On April 11, 1888, he married (sec-
ond) Nellie A. Clark, daughter of Simeon P. and Cath-
erine (Perry) Clark, of Shannock. Mrs. Carmichael,
during the lifetime of her husband, was active in social
life in Westerly and Shannock. A charming hostess,
she made her home the center of a refined and cultured
society, and to it came some of the foremost of her hus-
band's contemporaries. Mrs. Carmichael still resides
at "River View," in Shannock. The children of the first
marriage were: i. George \., born Dec. 22, 1869; was
for several years freight agent of the New York, New
Haven & Hartford Railroad Comjjany at Worcester,
Mass., but resigned to enter the brokerage busi-
ness in Providence; is now claim agent of the util-
ity commission. 2. Welcome S., born Dec. 21, 1878;
now a member of the staff of the Providence "Jour-
nal;" is connected with the L'nderwood Typewriter
Company.

Hon. George Carmichael died July 12, 1903, and was
buried in River Bend Cemetery, Westerly. It is given
to few men to attain the prominence and influence
which was his svithout incurring enmity, yet throughout
his entire career he made no enemies nor was any
stain ever put upon his escutcheon. A man's man, his
friends were legion, and he was universally loved and
respected.



JAMES HENRY BUGBEE— While the surname
Bugbee thrives in .\mcrica. it is almost extinct in its
English home. The name is of very ancient English
origin, and is found in records of as early date as the
Hundred Rolls of 1273. It is of local derivation, and
signifies "of Buckby," a parish in County Northamp-
ton, where it is certain all the first bearers of the
name resided. In "Old and New London" is a map
showing Bugby marshes, not far from the town.



224



HISTORY OF RHODE ISLAND



The Bugbee family in America dates from the third
decade of the seventeenth century, and ranks among
the foremost New England Colonial families. It has
attained distinction and prominence in Connecticut and
Rhode Island, where for many generations it has
wielded large power in industrial, business and financial
life, and has participated notably in public affairs. The
late Edwin H. Bugbee, of the Connecticut family, for
many years occupied a position of prominence in the
life of Danielson, Conn., and was the donor of the
handsome library building known as the Bugbee Me-
morial. Associated closely with the business world
of Providence, R. I., are the names of the late James
Henry Bugbee, head of the firm of Bugbee & Brow-
nell, wholesale grocers and dealers in spices, and the
late John Edwin Bugbee, head of the firm of Bugbee
& Thompson, stationers and blank book manufac-
turers, well known and prominent figures in business
circles.

(I) Edward Bugby, immigrant ancestor and progeni-
tor of the family in America, was a native of England,
where he was born in 1594. He was preceded to Amer-
ica by his brother, Richard Bugby, who came with
John Winthrop, and was the first of the family in the
New World. Edward Bugby. prior to his emigration
from England, resided at Stratford-le-Bow, on the
river Lee, near its junction with the Thames. Strat-
ford-le-Bow, which now forms a part of the city of
London, may or may not have been his birthplace. He
brought with him to New England his wife, Rebecca,
and his daughter, Sarah, sailing from Ipswich, on the
ship "Francis." He settled in Roxbury. Mass., where
he acquired a large property which descended to his
son, Edward (2) Bugby, who remained at Roxbury.
He died there, January 26, i66g.

(II) Joseph Bugbee, son of Edward and Rebecca
Bugby, was born at Roxbury, Mass. He and his
brothers were the first to assume the present form of
the surname. They were among the fifty proprietors
of what is now Woodstock. Conn., which was settled
by men from Roxbury, Mass., and originally called
New Roxbury. Joseph Bugbee married Experience
Pitcher, daughter of Andrew Pitcher, of Dorchester,
Mass., and among their children was Samuel, men-
tioned below.

(III) Samuel Bugbee, son of Joseph and Experience
(Pitcher) Bugbee, was born in the town of Roxbury,
Mass., in 167.3. He accompanied his parents to Wood-
stock, Windham county. Conn., where he resided dur-
ing the latter part of his life. He married Dorothy
Carpenter, daughter of John Carpenter, of Rehoboth,
Mass.

(IV) James Bugbee, son of Samuel and Dorothy
(Carpenter) Bugbee, was born in Woodstock, Conn.,
July II, 1715. He resided there all his life, and was
a prosperous farmer and highly respected member of
the community. He married (first) Hannah Gary, and
(second) Mary May, March 16, 1745. She was a de-
scendant of Samuel May, one of the pioneer settlers of
Woodstock.

(V) Hezekiah Bugbee, son of James and Mary
(May) Bugbee, was born in Woodstock, Conn., Feb-
ruary 19, 1746, and died there. He married. January



21. i77ji, Bathsheba Holmes, who was born May 6,
1753. and died in 1833, daughter of Dr. David Holmes,
and aunt, of the late Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes. Dr.
David Holmes served as a captain in the Colonial wars
and later as a surgeon in the American Revolution.
He was a descendant of John Holmes, one of the
original settlers of Woodstock, Conn.

(VI) James (2) Bugbee, son of James (i) and Bath-
sheba (Holmes) Bugbee. was born in Woodstock,
Conn., April 11, 1788. Early in life he removed to
Warren, R. I., where he was employed as an account-
ant. He subsequently returned to Woodstock, and
established a mercantile business there with a branch
in Thompson, Conn., which he conducted f'.r several
years. Retiring a number of years prior to lii.; death,
he removed to Killingly. Conn., where he died July 17,
1866. James (2) Bugbee married. December 26. 181 1,
in Warren, R. I., Elizabeth Dorrance, a native of
Scituate, Mass., daughter of Samuel Dorrance. (See
Dorrance II). Mrs. Bugbee died at Warren, R. I.,
at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Charles J. Harris,
on her eighty-ninth birthday. The children of James
(2) and Elizabeth (Dorrance) Bugbee were: i. James
Henry, mentioned below, 2. Mary A., married Charles
J. Harris, cotton manufacturer, and an e.xpert in mill
machinery; she was a resident of Warren, R. I., where
she died. 3. Edwin H., mentioned below. 4. Sarah
Tully. married William Torrey Harris, LL. D., well
known author and educator, who was for many years
L^nitcd States commissioner of education: resided at
Washington, D. C.

(VII) James Henry Bugbee, son of James (2) and
Elizabeth (Dorrance) Bugbee, was born in Warren,
R. I., December 5, 1812. He entered the employ of
James Rhodes & Son. manufacturers at Pawtuxet,
R. I., but left their employ to follow the sea. He later
became master of a vessel plying between Providence
and European ports, and was lost at sea, March 4, 1846.
James Henry Bugbee married, June 18, 1834. in War-
wick, R. I., Maria Smith Potter, who was borti in
1810, and died in Providence, R. I., .\ugust 27. 1874,
aged sixty-four years. She was a daughter of William
Anson and Sally (Smith) Potter, granddaughter of
Mesheck Potter, a woolen manufacturer of Plain-
field, Conn., where he died, a lineal descendant of
Roger Williams, and of many of the oldest families



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