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THE LIBRARY

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INTRODUCTION.



Museums have been built in many of the large towns in
Western lands so that people by visiting them may be
able to learn about important matters. For instance,
in London, there are Museums to which any may
go who wish to study the history of ancient Empires ;
many very old and interesting objects brought from distant
countries are to be seen, so that though the student may
not leave his native town, it is as if he had travelled
thousands of miles. In the same way if one wishes to
study the manners and customs of other countries, the
arts and manufactures of other lands, he may acquire the
information he needs by visiting one of these Museums.

Not only can the arts and manufactures of men be thus
examined ; a visit to a Museum will also enlarge the mind
by enabling the visitor to see some of the countless forms
of animal or vegetable life, or the numerous varieties of
minerals of which this Earth is composed. By studying
these great ^^•orks of Creation, we can understand a little
better the Creator of them all. Who is more wonderful
than all His works.

In this Museum, an attempt has been made to provide,
on a small scale, some of these advantages and means
of information to those who live in Tientsin and the
neighbourhood.

718



II TIENTSIN ANGLO-CHINESE MUSEUM.

If sonic of the objects arc not easily understood at a
glance, this small book will help the visitor to profit by his
visit to the Tientsin Anglo-Chinese Museum; and if the
book does not supply sufficient explanation, those who
have instituted the Museum will be glad to give fuller in-
formation.

In Western lands, a I.ibiary is often connected with a
Museum. In connection with this Museum there is a
Library of English and Chinese books; the attendants v;ill
supply the visitors with the rules of admission to the
Library.



(Tacntsin |.itg[a-CIjincsc liluscum.



On the right of the door by which the visitor enters
is a photograph, namely

No. I, — The Anglo-Chinese College and the
Buildings of which the Museum form a part. This College
was built in memory of Mr. J. Walford Hart.

No. 2. — Portrait of Mr. J. Walford Hart who
came out to China in 1892 to help the Chinese and
teach them the most important of all truths. He died
in 1894 from the effects of the climate. The Tientsin
Anglo-Chinese College was built somewhat after the
model of St. John's College, Cambridge.

No. 3. — St, John's College, Cambridge, founded
400 years ago by Lady Margaret, Mother of King
Henry VII. Cambridge is an important University town
in England.

(rt). The principal gateway, which is the model of
the gateway of the Anglo-Chinese College.

{l>). A part of the buildings and gardens of the
College, and

{c). A beautiful covered bridge built of stone, over
the river Cam ; this is often compared to a famous
covered bridge in Venice, called the Bridge of Sighs.
Close to this are photographs of



2 TIENTSIN ANGLO CHINESE MUSEUM.

No. 4. — Cambridge Buildings.

{d). King's College founded in A.D. 1441 by King
Henry VI. ' The large building in the centre is the
Chapel, one of the finest buildings of the kind in Europe.
The building on the right is the I*2xaniination Mall, and
next to it is the University Library which contains more
than a million volumes.

(/;). Queen's College founded by Margaret, the
wife of King Henry VI ; and the Bridge over the Cam
said to have been designed by Sir Isaac Newton.

(c). The Fitz William Museum containing beautiful
paintings, statues, &c., founded by a former student of the
University.

In this corner of the Museum is a model of a Dynamo
Electric Machine.

In principle this machine is similar to the powerful
machines used for producing Electricity on a large scale.
With this machine the power of the human body can be
changed into electric power which will produce the Electric
Light, or decompose water into the two gases whicli form
it, namely Oxygen and Hydrogen. Both these experi-
ments, and others, arc performed from time to time so that
visitors may see some of the applications of I<>lcctricity.

Another instrument is shown which is used to prove
that when we look at an object, the sensation remains in
our eye even after the object is no more to be seen ; thus
a blue object is looked at, and directly afterwards a yellow
object ; the sensations are mingled by the eye, and we
fancy that it is one green object that we arc looking at ;
many other combinations of colour can be made.

This explains the principle of The Cinematograph
which is one of Ihe objects of the Museum and by means of



TIENTSIN ANGLO-CIIINF.SE MUSEUM. 3

which interesting scenes will be shown to visitors at
stated times.

Another experiment can be shown, by which it is proved
that sounds are produced when a body is " made to
vibrate, and that the quicker the vibrations, the higher
is the sound.

P^rom this follows the principle of The Gramophone
which will be used at intervals, and by means of which all
kinds of sounds are reproduced, such as musical instru-
ments, bands, singing, speaking, the cries of animals,
bells, &c.,

On the left of the window facing P^ast is a picture,
namely

No. 5. — Cantebbury Cathedral (interior and ex-
terior) The first preachers of Christianity in England settled
at Canterbury ; on the site of the first Christian Church
this magnificent building was built in A. D. 11 70. It is
614 feet long, and the Tower is 235 feet high.

No. 6. — The Coronation Procession, showing King
Edward VII and the High Officials entering Westminster

Abbey (see No. 10).

No. 7. — Views op Windsor Castle.

This is the principal residence of the English Sovereigns.
The Castle was begun by William the Conqueror 830
years ago, and enlarged by King Edward III 550 years
ago. Near to Windsor is P^ton College, a famous College
for boys.

No. 8.—

(a). Memorial to Prince Albert in Hyde Park,
London. Prince Albert was married to Queen Victoria in
1840, and died in 1861. He took an active part in many



4 TIENTSIN ANGLO-CHINESE MUSEUM.

noble undertakings for the good of the people and was
deeply n-.ourncd. Of him a great Poet wrote :

" A Prince indeed

Beyond all titles, and a household name.

Hereafter through all times, Albert the Good."

{/f). The British Museum. This is the finest Public
Museum in the world, containing a Library of many
thousands of books, a large collection of Natural History
specimens, and v^ery many interesting objects brought
from all j^arts of the World.

(r). A BUSY London Street called " Cheapside "
from an old Saxon word ' chcpe,' meaning * market.'

In the Case A which is opposite the Entrance door there
are to be seen

(i). A MODEL OF THE GitEAT Wheel in London.
Thirty-two cars, in each of which several people may sit,
are hung around the immense wheel, so that those occupy-
ing the cars are gradually lifted to a great height from
which nearly ev^ery part of the great city of London can
be seen.

(2). A MODEL OF St. Paul's Cathedral, also shown
in Picture No. 9. The Cathedral was built in 1675 after
the Great Fire of London. The height of the top of the
Cross above the dome is 365 (ect.

It was here that Queen Victoria, when she had reigned
60 years, publicly gave thanks to God for His great good-
ness to her, and to her people. Her son Edward VII
also gave thanks here for recovery from a .severe illness
on the eve of his coronation. The King wrote with his
own hand the words of his thanksgiving ; they were these :
" When I was in trouble I called upon the Lord and He
helped me."



TIENTSIN ANGLO-CHINESE MUSEUM. 5

(3), A model of Nagoya Casti.e, one of the wonders
of Japan. The Dolphins on the roof of the Castle are of
gold and are valued at ^180,000. Many beautiful wall-
paintings were formerly inside this palace.

(4). The State Carriage of H.M. The Empeuor
OP Japan. Under the old regime the Emperor, on state
occasions, rode in a carriage of which this is the model,
drawn by an ox with beautiful trappings, and accompanied
by the Officials who are seen surrounding the carriage.

No. 9. —

{a). Westminster Abbey was begun by King
Henry III in 1220. For hundreds of years the Sovereigns
of England have been crowned in this place with solemn
prayers to God for His blessing and protection.

{d). Front view of St. Paul's Cathedral.

No. ID. — The Coronation Service in Westminster
Abbey. The King is seen on his throne, and the Queen
at his side. The Bishops and Officials are near to the
King, and the galleries are full of the Peers, Peeresses, and
other visitors.

No. II. —

((?). Houses of Parliament, Westminster.

The " Lords " and " Commons " meet in this
building to discuss the affairs, and form the laws of the
Kingdom. The building was erected in 1834 after the
old building had been destroyed by fire. It is 900 feet
long and 300 feet wide. The " Victoria Tower " is about
350 feet high. The Clock (to the right of the picture)
has four faces, each nearly 30 feet in diameter ; the hours
are struck on a bell weighing 20,000 pounds.

{d). The Nelson Column in Trafalgar Square



6 TIENTSIN ANGLO-CHINESE MUSEUM.

erected in honour of Viscount Horatio Nelson, a British
Admiral who died at Cape Trafalgar on the coast of Spain
in 1805, when he fought and defeated the combined
fleets of France and Spain. His signal to his men just
before the fight is well known ; it was, " England
expects every man to do his duty."

(c). Westminster Hall which forms the entrance
to the Houses of Parliament was built in the latter part of
the 14th century. It is 270 feet long, 74 feet wide, and
90 feet high. It is decorated with statues of great
ICnglishmen.

No. 12. — The Houses of Paeltamekt and the River

Thames.

No. 13.—

(a). The Tower Bridge showing carriages and
passengers passing over it.

{//). The lower roadway opened up to allow ships
to pass ; when thus opened, passengers are conveyed
to the higher roadway by an hydraulic lift.

(r). The Tower. A famous historical fortress part
of which was built in the time of William the Conqueror,
825 years ago. The Tower is often mentioned in English
History. l-'or instance King Henry VI died in the
Tower, and it is believed that Richard III murdered his
t\\ o young nephews there.

Case B.

A model of the Tower Bridge showing the bridge
opened to allow a ship to pass. The span of the bridge
is 200: feet, and the side spans arc each 250 feet long.
The upper roadway is 135 feet from the river.



tientsin anglo-chinese museum. 7

Case C.

A Model of Buckingham Palace, which is the
Palace that the Sovereign occupies when in London.
This model can be illuminated with electric light.

No. 14. — The Trianon Farm at Versailles. Queen
Marie Antoinette, the wife of King Touis XVI of Prance,
often liked to retire from the grandeurs of the Court life
to the simple life which she enjoyed living in this farm-
house only a mile away from the great palace of Versailles.
(See No. 28).

No. 15.— Church of St. Stephen on the Mount in
Paris. There is some beautiful stone carving in this old
Church, a stone staircase is seen in this picture. The
Church contains the tomb of Genevieve, a heroine who
saved Paris from the barbarians 1400 years ago.

Close to this picture is a collection of 12 specimens o?
AVOOD showing the bark, the varnished, and the unvar-
nished surface, also a picture of the tree from which the
wood comes.

The trees are the willow, the birch, the white poplar,
the lime, the walnut, the maple, the beech, the oak, the
larch, the pine, the fir, and the white fir.

No. 16. — Portrait of H. M. Queen Victoria.

No. 17.— Portrait of H. M. King Edward VII.

No. 1 8 — The Pyramids op Egypt.

These huge monuments were built as tombs for the
Kings of Egypt. The Great Pyramid was built 5,000
years ago. It is 480 feet high ; the room inside the
Pyramid where the body of the King was placed is



8 TIENTSIN ANGLO-CHINESE MUSEUM.

reached by a passage 320 feet long. There are several
other Pyraniids at Gizeh on the River Nile.

No. 19. — The Colosseum at Rome.

The Romans used to meet in this large building to see
the games of which they were very fond. At these
" games," men and beasts were made to fight one another,
and many Christians were thrown to the wild beasts to be
killed while the Romans enjoyed seeing them die. The
Colosseum was 612 feet long, 160 feet high, and could
seat 87000 spectators.

No. 20. —

{(i). Court in Coepus CinasTi Coli.egf, C.\m-

UIUDGE.

This College was founded in 135 i ; in the Court are seen
the rooms in which the students live.

(d). Gateway of Trinity College founded by
King Henry VIII in 1546.

{c). Tower in Magdalen College, Oxford, and
students* rooms.

No. 21. —

(a). A ijbotsford, the residence of Sir Walter Scott.
This house is near to Melrose Abbey and is on the
south bank of the River Tweed.

{l>). Portrait of Sir Walter Scoit the famous
Scotch author, born in 1771 ; he wrote poems and
historical novels, many of which are in the Library.

(c). Melrose Arjjey. This old church was first built
in 1136 ; but in 1545 it was left a ruin after wars between
the Scots and the English.



TIENTSIN ANGLO-CHINESE MUSEUM. ^i

No. 22.

(<?). Bridge over the River Cam, belonging to
Clare College, Cambridge.

{b). View on the River Cam, showing the Tower
of St. John's College Chapel.

(<;-). Bridge of St. John's College, Cambridge.

No. 23. —

{a). Edinburgh the metropolis of Scotland. The
picture shows one of the principal streets, and the Castle
standing on a rock 400 feet high. The Monument is in
memory of Sir Walter Scott.

{b). Forth Beidge. This the finest bridge in the world.
It is built across the mouth of the River Forth, in Scot-
land, and is more than a mile and a half long. There are
two spans of 1700 feet each ; there is no other span in any
part of the world which is so long as this. The bridge
is 152 feet above the water, and cost ,$20,000,000.

Underneath these pictures, and around the wall is an
Hereaeium showing 1 50 specimens of plants of all kinds ;
namely Vegetables, Grains Peas and Tares, Technical
plants used in Manufactures, Dye-plants, Spinning-plants,
Medicinal and Poisonous Plants, Herbs, and lastly
Clovers and Vetches. The name of each plant is given.

Case D.

On the North side of the Museum is a Case containing
models of 50 animals, not a few of which are not seen in
China, as the elephant, the giraffe, the rhinoceros, the
rein-deer, &c. The dog and the wolf can be seen together
and compared ; also the cat, the tiger and the panther ; the
pig and the wild boar. The whale and dolphin are also



lO



TIENTSIN ANGLO-CHINESE MUSEUM.



shown, tliough on a different scale, as well as the kangaroo,
crocodile, seal, and many others.

Next to this case is

Case E.

containing a Collection of Mammals given by the Trustees
of the British Museum, in London. There arc to be seen
a bat ; a wild cat shot in England ; a " klipdas " from the
Cape of Good Hope, which is the " coney " of the Bible ; a
species of antelope from West Africa, called " guevel ; " a
shrew, a mole ; an otter caught in Berkshire, LLngland ; a
hedgehog ; a squirrel ; a grizzled squirrel from Nicaiagua,
Central America ; Raffles's squirrel from India, and others.




Case V.



TIENTSIN ANGLO CHINESE MUSEUM. I I

Down the Centre of the room is another long Case,
(Case F.) which contains numerous specimens of insects,
fossils, and minerals, also the gift of the Trustees of the
British Museum.

In the first part of the case are Beetles, the names of
which are written at the side. No. lO, for instance, is the
" ]3ombardier beetle " which bombards its foes from
behind, and escapes from their grasp in consequence. No.
48 is the " Rhinoceros-beetle " ; No. 53 the West African
" Goliath-beetle." The Glow-worms, Leaf-beetles, Long-
horns, and many others can be seen. Then follow Cock-
roaches, Locusts, Ants, Wasps, Bees, and Dragon-flies.

In the next compartments are Butterflies of all kinds
and from every quarter of the globe. Notice the Birds'-
wing butterflies. Swallow-tails, " Apollos," and " Satyrs ; "
the Owl butterfly, and No. 411, the gorgeous "Blue
Emperor." White, yellow, brimstone, blue, and copper-
coloured butterflies abound.

Then come the Moths, from the Death's-head moth.
Hawk-moths, Elephant-hawk moths. Tiger-moths, to the
Gipsy-moth, Silk-producing moths, the Emperor-moth,
" Kentish-glory," and many others. ^

The silk-worm and its many transformations are seen in
the next case, and an interesting collection of Bees and
their products.

Near to this Case is a Collection of various Insects
from different parts of the Province of Chih-li.

The fossils which are in the next part of the case have
their names attached. Notice the specimens of plant
fossils, a fossil crab, the fossils from Chalk, Oolite, Red
Crag strata, and others.

Lastly come 150 specimens of minerals such as Iron
and Copper ores, Calcite from Iceland, Gypsum, Quartz,



12



TIENTSIN ANGLO CHINESE MUSEUM.



Mica, Garnet, Stibnite from Japan, Agate, Gold in Quartz
veins from the Malay Peninsula, and many others.




On the top ol this long case is a small railway along
which runs an I'Jcctric car, the small motor which drives
the car being similar in [)rinciple to that of the powerful
motors which arc used for locomotion.

Case G.

This case contains models showing the construction of
the Eye, Eak, and Tiiuoat.

A powerful Electric Inductional JSrAciiiXE, and a
battery of Leyden Jars which are in this case will be



TIENTSIN ANGLO-CHINESE MUSEUM. 13

shown from time to time, and many interesting experi-
ments including same with the " X-Rays " will be per-
formed.

Case H.

This contains the Apparatus for X-rays, also a powerful
Induction Coil, and an Apparatus for showing discharges
of Electricity at high tension. At stated times experi-
ments of this kind will be shown and explained. There
is also a model showing how the Earth and the Moon
move relatively to the Sun. The causes of Day and
Night, Winter and Summer, Eclipses of the Sun and
Moon, &c, can be easily explained by the use of this
Model.

A Telegraphic Apparatus has been set up between
the two ends of the room, so that visitors may see how
messages are sent by Telegraph. The Needle-instrument,
and Morse's Printing Telegraph are both shown.

Case I.

In this Case are various interesting instruments used in
the study of Light, such as the Microscope, the Camera
Lucida, the Polariscope, the Spectroscope, the Symmetro-
scope and others, which will be exhibited.

Around the walls of the Museum are other pictures,
namely

No. 24. —

(a). Snowdon, the chief mountain of Wales.

{/?). Waterfall at Bettws-y-Coed, a very pretty
spot near to Snowdon.

(c). The top of Snowdon to which many people go
to see the beautiful view of the country all around.

No. 25. —

{a). Ancient Church standing on a hill or "tor " on



14 TIENTSIN ANGLO CHINESE MUSEUM.

Dartmooh in Devonshire. The tower is seen for a con-
siderable distance at sea, and formerly served as a guide
for sailors.

{/)). Steep, narrow street at Clovellv, a fishing village
on the l^ristol Channel.

(<:). Clovelly iiaubour.

No. 26.—

{a). Conway Castle. A Castle in Wales, built by
Edward I in 1283 ; a fine suspension bridge has been built
for the railway which crosses the river.

(//. Caernarvon Castle in North Wales, built by
Edward I, whose son was born in the Castle in 1284, and
was called " Prince of Wales." Since then the eldest son
of the Sovereign of England has always been called by
this title.

No. 27. — Chester, an old town built on the borders of
Wales. The houses are still very old-fashioned and
have high gables, and a road-way is constructed for foot-
passengers over the rooms on the ground floor, so that people
may go down the whole length of the street under cover.

No. 28.—

{a\ ricTURE Gallery at Versailles, in the Palace
built by Louis XIV. The pictures are of battles fought
by the French.

{d). Chapel of Louis IX, in Paris, built in the year
1248 to receive the " relics " which he brought from the
Holy I^md.

{c). I-iOUVRE Museum, in Paris. This is a beautiful
museum containing pictures, statues, and many objects of
great interest. In the cases seen in this room arc some of
the Crowns and Jewels of the French Kings.



TIENTSIN ANGLOCmNESE MUSEUM. 1 5

No. 29 —

(a). TuK Wengern A lp, a beautiful district in Switzer-
land.

{l>). The Staubbach A^^ATEEFALL. The water falls
down a height of goo feet, and breaks into spray before it
reaches the ground.

(c). Lauterbrunnen ; through the valley a torrent
of water rushes down from the melting snow on the
mountains.

No. 30. —

(a). Cpiillon, on the Lake of Geneva, Switzerland.
This is an old Castle and Prison wliere many political
prisoners have been kept in chains ; amongst others
Bonivard who was shut up for 6 years because he
wanted to reform his country.

(/;). Lake of Geneva showing tlie snow-covered
mountains.

(r). Boats on the Lake ; the mountain at the end of
the Lake is called the " Southern Tooth."

No. 31.—

{cr). The " Champs-ElysI^es," one of the finest roads
in Paris. At the top of this road is

{/>]. The Triumphal Arcpi, built to celebrate the
triumphs of Napoleon, the Emperor of the I'rench. The
Arch is 152 feet high.

No. 32. —

{a). Church of St. Ouen at Rouen, the old Capital
of Normandy, in France. This very beautiful church
was begun in 1318.



l6 TIENTSIN ANGLO-CHINESE MUSEUM.

(/;). TiiK Law Courts at Rouen, built 500 years ago.
The old Parliament of Normandy used to meet in this
building.

On the other sides of this part of the Museum arc
other pictures, namely

No. 33.—

{a), Festixiog " TOY " RAILWAY in North Wales,
showing a train laden with slate obtained from vast
quarries in the neighbourhood.

(d). Menai Suspension Bridge, 560 feet long which
crosses the Strait separating tlic Isle of Anglesey from
the mainland,

(c). Beddgelert, or the " grave of Gelert," A story
is told of a faithful dog left by its master in cliarge of his
infant son ; upon the master's return the dog ran to meet
him with its huge jaws dripping blood, and the man believ-
ing that it had savagely killed his child, instantly struck
it dead. Hastening to his cottage he found his little son
safe and unhurt, and a dead wolf lying by its side ; his
dog had saved the child by killing the wolf! In his
remorse the grateful father buried the dog and caused its
name " Gelert " to be tluis Iionourod,

No. 34-—

{a). Dover showing the castle on a cliff 320 feet
above the sea. It was built in Saxon times and greatly
strengthened by the Normans, Steamers run daily from
Dover to the coast of France.

(/;), St, Michael's Mount, a granite rock in Mount's
Bay, Cornwall, 250 feet high, with a castle on the summit,
founded in the 5th Century,



TIENTSIN ANGLO-CHINESE MUSEUM. 1 7

{c). IvANd's End Granite Cliffs at the western
extremity of England. Not only is granite plentiful in
Cornwall but the County is so rich in Minerals that more
than 90,000 tons of ore are raised annually, and in no
other part of the world is mining carried to such perfection.
The Copper and Tin mines are very valuable, and were
worked in very early times by the Phoenicians.

No. 35. — Views in Scotland showing

(a). Loch Awe.

(/;). Scotch Highland Scenery.

(c). Sunset oyer the Hills.

The other pictures in this part of the museum show

some well known places in Switzerland, and help those

who have never seen snow mountains to understand some
of the beauties of a land like Switzerland.

No. 36. — Two views of the grand mountains of the
" Bernese Oberland," namely the Jungfrau, the Moxcn
and the Eiger.

No. 37. — View of Interlaken showing the Jungfrau
in the distance, and the valley of Grindelwald which is
a great resort for mountain-climbers.

No. 38. — The Matterhorn, one of the finest mount-
ains in Switzerland, and one of the hardest to climb.

No. 39. — The Wengen Mountain Eailway. There
are several mountain railways in Switzerland which climb
the sides of steep mountains ; the engines used are of a
special kind, and climb by means of a wheel with teeth,
which works along a specially prepared rail, so that the
engine cannot fall back the steep slope but is made to
climb upwards.


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