with courage, patience, temper and wisdom most wonderful, but
human endurance has its limits. (See Wells' Hampton and
One of the most daring feats of the War of Secession was
accomplished by Hampton, the great cavalry leader, on the 16th
of September, 1864, when he rode behind Grant's great army
with 1,500 men and captured 2,500 fat beeves, together with 400
Monuments to Heroes 367
Yankee cavalrv. which were frnnnliiiir thoin. Hampton lost only
A Great Leader.
When General Hampton died. (Tcneral Lon^jstreet sent this
teleijfiam to C'olumhia : "He was the greatest cavalry leader of
our or any other age."
General Hanipton was horn the 28th of March. 1818, and died
on Friday morning. Ai)ril 11. 11)0*2. just twenty-five years to the
day from the lime he took charge of the State capitol. A])ril 11,
Just a word more regarding this greatest of later day Caro-
linians. A\'hiii' the State, by the building of a monument to his
memory, has in part discharged her debt of gratitude to him.
there is something more yet to be done. In the hall of fame at
AVashington each State is entitled to place statues to two of its
most distinguished dead. One of the two niches assigned to
South Carolina has been filled with the statue of her greatest
statesman, John C. Calhoun. Now. I would suggest, and urge it
upon the Legislature of the State, that the other niche be given to
Wade Hampton, South Carolina's most distinguished soldier.
His statue is entitled to the place. It would be a fit companion
to that of Virginia's peerless soldier, the immortal Lee.
General M. C. Butler,
Major General C. S. A. 25th of August, 1864.
1877 — Eighteen years in the \J. S. Senate — 1895.
Major General U. S. A. 28th May, 1898.
Patriot, Lawyer, Orator, Soldier, Statesman.
'•Knightliest of the knightly race.
That since the days of old
Have left the lamp of chivalry
Alight in hearts of gold."
Born 8th of March, 1830, Died 14th of April, 1909.
368 Stories of the Confederacy
Service His Slogan.
General Hampton said that Butler was the best soldier he ever
saw. While in the United States Senate, General Butler's whole
thought was, "How can I best serve my people?"' After much
trouble and persuasion, he induced the Senate to give him an
engineer to examine the port of Charleston and to report as to
the advisability of opening the channel in the Charleston har-
bor by the building of jetties. The engineer, in his report, said
it was practicable; and then General Butler's troubles began in
earnest, namely, to get an appropriation, wiiich was finally
accomplished. The jetties are there, the channel is deep, and
Charleston is destined to be the seaport town of the South
Atlantic and the most direct route to Panama. But for the
jetties, New Orleans, perhaps, would have been the shipping
point. Butler did more to establish the United States navy than
any one else, except Senator Hale. They worked together for
years, and now we have one of the best navies in the world.
General Butler's greatest effort in the Senate was when he killed
the "force bill." General Hampton spoke and Butler worked. The
force bill meant that the South must surrender her civilization or
fight another war — a war without an Appomattox.
While serving in Cuba on the peace commission. General Butler
was told by President McKinley not to resign as major-general
in the U. S. A., because he wanted him to retire on half pay,
$3,500 per year. Butler declined, saying that he volunteered to
fight for his country and not for a pension.
General M. W. Gary, born March 25, 1831, died April 9, 1881.
When the tocsin of the bloody war was sounded in 1861, Hamp-
ton, Butler and Gary were among the first to volunteer, and
raised the Hampton Legion. They fought together, bore their
sufferings in silence, and covered themselves with glory in more
than 100 battles.
When the tocsin of the bloodless war was sounded in 1876, these
three great leaders led their people, like Moses of old, out of the
wilderness of darkness, where were bitterness and humiliation,
into the valleys of sunshine and happiness. Thej^ taught their
,U S. 568. Columbia, S. C ,
Monument to Lieutenant, Qen. Wade
1 1 AMI-TON ON IIORSKBACK.
Monuments to Heroes 369
people to find the way of peace, telling them they must be meek
and patient, even under the most violent provocations; they must
not resent any wrong, nor return railing for railing, but return
good for evil. Passion, they were told, was the worst of masters.
The (lod of battles heard their cry and blessed their work, send-
ing down upon the land the white-winged dove of peace, which,
thank (iod. has reigned ever since.
This is not the time to say more than a i)assing word in regard
to the military career of General (lary, or of the conspicuous part
he took in the camj^aign of ISK). "We may be pardoned, however,
for citing one or two incidents connected with his life as a soldier,
and as one of the three great leaders in 1876.
How He Became a Colonel.
Following Jackson in pursuit of Pope's army, he was in the
battle of Chantilly. On the 13th of September, 1862, he led his
command in the bloody fight at "Boonesboro Gap," and on the
next day commanded (ieneral R. E. Lee's rear guard, as he fell
back to Sharpsburg. The command had by this time been fearfully
reduced by sickness, wounds and death, and at the battle of
Sharpsburg, September 17, 1862, mustered only 77 men, rank
and file. How this remnant fought is best told by the simple but
touching record that of the 77 men who went into that great bat-
tle, only 21 came out alive and unhurt. Five times in a charge of
300 yards, their battle flag was shot down, but Colonel Gary
raised it up. amid a storm of shot and shell, and. though the staff
was struck by balls and the flag torn by a shell, bore it safely
through the fight.
Such conspicuous service attracted the attention of Colonel
Gary's superior officers, and, in recognition, his battalion was
transferred to Jenkins' brigade of South Carolinians, the Fourth
South Carolina was consolidated and added, so as to make up a
full regiment, and he himself was promoted by General R. E.
Lee to the rank of full colonel.
At the battle of Riddle's Shop, on the 14th of June, 186-4, with
a single brigade, he held a whole corps of Grant's army in cheek
24— S. C.
370 Stories of the Confederacy
until the advance of General Lee's army came up. This was of
great service to the Confederate army, as it forced the enemy to
cross the James river lower down than was intended, and by spe-
cial request of General R. E. Lee, Colonel Gary was next morning
commissioned a brigadier-general. There is no doubt but that
General Gary possessed that decision or military instinct or
genius of great military minds which grasps the situation and
acts without doubt or hesitation.
The battle of Riddle's Shop is an instance of it, for, without
orders to that effect, he had made a determined resistance with
considerable loss, being confronted by infantry.
When General Lee rode up, the following conversation ensued :
"Colonel Gary, I understand that you have had a severe engage-
ment and have lost a good many of your men." "Yes, General,
we have." "Well, sir, why did you make such a determined resist-
ance?" "I knew that you were coming and thought it my duty
to hold my position until you arrived." "How did you know that
I was coming?" ''Because, sir, I knew that Grant was moving by
his left flank and you by your right. I knew that Malvern Hill
was a very important strategic point, which you would not wish
him to capture, and I knew as a military man that you were com-
ing, because you ought to be coming, and I acted on my judgment
as such." "Well, sir, you did right."
On the 6th of October, 18G4, General Lee, proposing to attack
the enemy on the north side of the James river, called a council
of war at Drury's Bluff, composed of the general officers on that
side of the river, the most prominent being Generals Anderson,
Fields and Hoke. Several plans of battle were submitted, the
one proposed by General Gary, though improvised upon the spot,
he having no notice of the object of the council, was adopted
without change by General Lee.
Campaign of 1876.
The following appeared in The State in October, 1909 :
"An interesting contribution to the history of the State is the
'Plan of Campaign of 1876' printed below, throwing light on the
'Red Shirt' movement of the day :
" 'This plan of campaign was forniulated by General M. W.
Gary and was adopted by the Democratic Executive Committee
MONI'MKXTS TO Heroes 371
of Edjiefield County, coinixjsed of General Gaiy, as County
Chairman, Hon. (leo. I). Tillman, Captain Scott Allen, Dr. H. A.
Shaw, Captain J. P. Blackwell and others.
" 'It is in the hand\vritin<r of General (lary and X. L. Griffin,
his secretary. That portion having reference to the red shirt is
in the handwritings of General Gary.
" "This was the first official recognition of the red shirt by the
organized Democracy as the uniform of the campaign and set-
tles the vexed question as to whom the credit is due.
•■ 'The plan of campaign adopted by the Democratic party in
Edgefield was the first in the State, and copies upon request were
sent to every Democratic County Chairman in South Carolina.
" 'The fii'st opportunity for wearing the red shirt as the uni-
form of the organized Democracy was at Edgefield on the l"2th
of August, when Governor Chamberlain, Judge ISIackey and
Smalls were present to address the Radicals. The speakers on
the Democratic side were General Gary, General Butler, and
John C. Sheppard, afterwards Governor of this State. Cham-
berlain and his party next spoke at Newberry, Avhere they were
met by Colonel D. Wyatt Aiken, afterwards Congressman, Gen-
eral Y. J. Pope, afterwards Chief Justice, and Colonel J. N.
Lipscomb, afterwards Secretary of State.
" 'From Xewberry Chamberlain and his crowd came to
Abbeville, where they were routed by Colonel J. S. Cothran,
County Chairman; General Samuel McGowan, and Colonel D.
Wyatt Aiken. This is the last place where Chamberlain and his
party spoke in the campaign of 1870.' "
The Rupert of Campaign.
The following quotation is from the speech of Geo, D. Tillman
on taking the chair to preside over the mass meeting held at
Edgefield. S. C. on the 20th of June. 1881, shortly after the death
of (leneral Gary :
"But what should preserve Gary's memory fresh and immor-
tal, in the hearts of the peo])le. is what he did for the county and
State in 1870 towards throwing off the miserable carpet-bag
tyranny that then trampled us in the dust.
"Until several weeks after the election, -and not until envy and
jealousy had had time to do their work, no one ever heard Gary's
372 Stories of the Confederacy
right to the palm of being styled the Eupert of the campaign
called in question.
"General Butler's name was the only one sometimes mentioned
as being entitled to divide the first honor with him; and candor
compels me to say that, in my judgment, he w\as the only leader
that deserved to be mentioned at all in such a connection.
"General Hampton was enthusiastically and justly praised for
the tact, moderation and wisdom with which he managed affairs
before, and especially after, the election; but what color or pre-
text of title would or could Hampton and the other candidates
for the State offices have had to their places but for the large and
unexpected majority of 3,300 achieved by Edgefield?
"Many other conspicuous leaders were deservedly extolled for
the part they bore, but Gary's policy, Gary's example, and, above
all, Gary's astounding support, decided the contest in the State.
"He had always contended that a straightout fight would win,
and, as a result, Gary was followed, consulted, and obeyed,
almost like a second Peter the Hermit."
The following excerpt is from the speech of General Gary in
1878 at Edgefield, when Generals Hampton, Butler, Hagood and
others of the State ticket were present, and published without
exception from any one but General Hagood, to whom General
Gary readily yielded what he considered an immaterial point as
to the use of the word "the" instead of "our" plans in Charles-
Some Secret History.
"As today has become a sort of political love-feast, I will tell
you some of the secret history connected with the straightout
movement. I went to the Centennial celebration in Charleston,
on the 28th of June, 1876, to nominate General Butler for Gov-
ernor. He had been informally announced in several newspapers,
and desired to decline the nomination, in order that we might
agree upon some one else. I put his nomination in the Journal
of Commerce. John T. Gaston carried the notice to the paper
from the Charleston hotel. When I started home I met on the
cars General Hampton, General Kershaw, and General Hagood.
I had a short conversation with General Hampton, in which I
soon discovered that h-e was in sympathy with the movement
General Butler and myself were trying to inaugurate. He told
Monuments to Heroes 373
me tliat he did not expect to return to Mississippi. I then said
to him that I intended to try and have liini (Hampton) nomi-
nated for Governor on the straightout ticket, that with Butler
and myself on his flanks avc could win this battle as we had won
others in the war. He replied tliat he was poor, had come back to
get the odds and ends of his former estate together, that he did
not desire to run for the office, but that he had made sacrifices
for South Carolina, but that if he was the choice of the convention
he would run. I was delighted at his acceptance, for I believed
that he could harmonize all of the differences of the Democratic
part}'. The contest was between Kershaw and Connor for fusion,
and Butler and myself for the straightout Democracy. We
entered the war as captains under him as colonel in the Hampton
Legion. He came out of the war a lieutenant-general and con-
tinued to rank all of us. I did not believe that Kershaw and Con-
nor and Butler and myself could have agreed upon any one man,
but I believed that we all would rally under Hampton. After
this conversation, General Hampton and myself joined General
Kershaw and General Hagood. I announced to them that Gen-
eral Hampton had consented, if nominated, to run on the
straightout ticket for Governor, General Kershaw replied:
'Well, if the general is nominated, I will fall into line and sup-
port him. I always obey orders from headquarters.' At Branch-
ville, General Kershaw and General Hampton parted with Gen-
eral Hagood and myself, they going on the Columbia road and
we on the Augusta road. After dinner General Hagood and
myself were on the same seat. He said : "Gary, you are an extra-
ordinary man. This is another one of your off-hand moves, or
sudden inspirations, if you please, that has knocked up in a min-
ute all our plans in Charleston to run Chamberlain for Governor
with a mixed ticket.' I replied that it was no off-hand move in
regard to the straightout ticket; that Butler and myself and
other men of Edgefield and the State had deliberately and
maturely considered the plan to run a straightout ticket, but that
I had suddenly concluded to run General Hampton for Governor,
and that we would elect him. When I returned to Edgefield, I
related this incident to General Butler, and he approved of it,
and said that in his declination he would nominate Hampton. I
thought it was just the thing, and accordingly did so."
374 Stories of the Confederacy
The following remarks were made by Senator Tillman in the
Constitutional convention of 1895, in describing the daring of
General Gary on the day of election in 1876 :
"On the day of election there were 12 companies of United
States infantiy in our county. They had been sent there to
overawe the whites and encourage the negroes to vote. Six of
these companies had been distributed at various election precincts
in the county, where the heaviest negro vote was usually cast.
The other six were at Edgefield Court House, under command of
General Ruger. The negroes in large numbers, probably 8,000,
massed at the court house before day, the morning of election.
Gary had anticipated this, and the evening before the election
about 800 picked men, over half of them from Saluda, with their
baggage wagons, provisions and arms, had taken possession of
the court house and Masonic Hall, and were in readiness to obey
the orders of their chief, whatever they might be. There was
no sleep. The camp fires gleamed out brightly, for it was cold
and drizzling rain. Oakley Hall, the general's residence, was
like a military headquarters, while fiddling and dancing were
going on in the two buildings I have mentioned. It had been
agreed between Ruger and Gary that the whites should vote at
the box in the court house, while the negroes should vote at the
school house, another precinct one-half mile away. A white
company was detailed to watch the balloting at the latter place,
and all day long the voting went on at both, very rapidly at the
court house and very slowly at the school house.
"Late in the evening, Cain, the mulatto County Chairman,
finding it would be impossible to vote his men at the school house,
determined to make a desperate move and try to capture the other
box. At the head of his black phalanx of 2,500 negroes, armed
with clubs and pistols, he marched towards the public square. A
swift courier notified Gary that they were coming. He imme-
diately ordered that the court house be packed, steps, porticos and
all; and so promptly and thoroughly was his order carried out
that a flea could not have crawled between, the men standing on
the steps. The upper windows in the Masonic Hall, in which the
rifles and other arms had been placed, were manned with sharp-
ORXL ^r. W. GARY.
Monuments to Heroes 375
sliooters, and all the other men who could be spared were ordered
to mount their horses ami mass themselves on one side of the
A Test of Nerve.
"Wiien Cain and his negroes reached the head of the street
leadin<r into the scjuare, filling it completely, seeing this prepara-
tion to receive them, thev halted and a message was sent to
"Ruger left his quarters, some 200 yards on a side street, and
came towards the court house. Gary advanced to meet him. After
the two had saluted with military punctiliousness. General
Ruger said : 'General, I am informed by the Republican County
(^hairman that he can't vote all his men at the other precinct.
You must make your men give way and let these negroes get to
the ballot box. My orders are to see that there are no obstruc-
tions to voting.'
"The one was dressed in the blue uniform of the United States
army, and had been sent to Edgefield by Grant. The other had
on the gray coat of the Confederate brigadier and military boots.
"It was the crucial test of nerve. South Carolina's destiny
hung in the balance, and Gary saved her. The 'Bald Eagle'
straightened up, his eyes gleaming and clear, and shrilly, for
his voice always rang like a silver bell, he exclaimed : 'By God,
sir. I'll not do it. I will keep the compact I made with you this
morning, that whites and negroes should vote at separate boxes,
and if you think your blue coats can make way for these negroes
to vote again, try it.'
'•There had been the stillness of death while these two con-
fronted each other, but \vhen that voice rang out, the whites
caught up the yell of defiance and for several minutes pan-
demonium reigned. The negroes slunk away like a dissolving mist,
and in less time than I have taken to tell it, not one of them was
to be seen.''
The following beautiful lines on the death of General Gary
were composed by James D. Tradewell. Jr.. a scount under him:
376 Stories of the Confederacy
"The proud eagle of Edgefield is cold in his grave,
His free pinions are fettered at last
And the brave heart that nothing on earth could appall
Has yielded to death's icy blast.
The hearts of his soldiers are stricken with grief,
And filled with the deepest regret,
For full well they know what a friend they have lost,
What a bright constellation has set.
"All silent and still is his eloquent voice;
Cold in death is the warrior's hand;
The eagle forever has taken his fiight,
God grant, to a far better land, —
And we, who so often have followed his plume.
As it waved in the front of the fight.
Can true witness bear to a splendid career
Of this brilliant and chivalric knight.
•'As a leader of men he had scarcely a peer,
In statecraft, on forum or field ;
And he died as he lived, a true knight without fear,
With no sinister-bar on his shield.
Wherever in battle we saw his proud plume,
There we knew was the deadliest fight,
And he ne'er sent his men, but himself led the way,
An heroic and well-approved knight.
"May he peacefully rest, his warfare is o'er.
The eye of the Eagle is dim ;
His clarion voice we shall never hear more.
Carolina will long mourn for him ;
And well may she mourn for her warrior son,
And his name and his fame shall not die
As long as our flag bears a palmetto tree,
Or the Southern cross gleams in the sky.
"He sleeps his last sleep — the soldier's at rest —
The long roll can awake him no more;
And in Mart Gary's breast throbbed as knightly a heart
As Richard of England e'er bore.
His soldiers his memory will ever keep bright,
Guard his fame with affection and pride,
And recount to their sons the brade deeds of the man,
How he fearlessly lived, fought and died."
Monuments to Hkroes 377
The Cid of the South.
On the lC)th of November, 1803, in the light at Campbell's Sta-
tion, East Tennessee, General M. W. Gary was hard pressed, and
wliile fallinji back, but contesting; every inch of ground, he pro-
moted a man in the most unitjue way, which doubtless has no
parallel in iiistory. The same day he had an order to that effect
read on parade. It happened in this way: The general, as all
knew him, was a paramount tighter. On this occasion, at Camp-
bell's Station, his command had to retreat rapidly from over-
wlielming numbers, and his killed and wounded were left where
the}' fell. A man in his command was shot and fell mortally
wounded. His comrades left him on the field, but when .a modest
private soldier came along he stopped and, kneeling down beside
the dying soldier, proceeded to offer up a prayer and to take his
last message to his family. Some of the enemy, seeing him stop
on the field, commenced a rapid fire upon him. He, regardless
of the flying bullets, stayed the few moments until the soul of the
wounded comrade took its flight. The God of battles heard his
praj'er, and the enemy stopped firing upon the pious and brave
soldier, who was cheered by both armies. General Gary, compli-
mented him upon his bravery, and the next day an order was
issued promoting the brave religious man to be chaplain with
the rank of captain.
- The Rev. William Thomas, whose prayer over a dying com-
rade caused both armies to cease firing and cheer him on the bat-
tlefield because he represented Him who suffered and died on the
cross for us all, died December 1, 1890. Mr. Thomas was a Chris-
tian. Christian is not a mere name or empty profession; it is a
great and noble work of difficulty, which requires assiduous appli-
cation and continual pains, and in which the greater our endeavors
and advances have been, the greater will be the ardoi" with which
we shall continue striving to advance higher towards perfection.
There is a tie between old soldiers that none can understand
but old soldiers. After the war the Rev. "William Thomas was
called to Edgefield and when General Gary heard that the Metho-
dist parsonage needed furniture, the necessary articles were in
the house at no cost to Mr. Thomas or to the church. When Gen-
eral Gary died, his old friend and comrade, Mr. Thomas, preached
378 Stories or the Confederacy
More Than Coincidence.
Such, my friends, is the briefest outline of the services of these
three great Carolinians. It seems to have been something more
than a mere coincidence that they should have been born on the
month dedicated to the god of war, symbolical of what they were
amid the crash of arms and the smoke of battle. Xor was it alto-
gether a coincidence that all three should have died in April,