United States. Bureau of Insular Affairs.

A pronouncing gazetteer and geographical dictionary of the Philippine Islands, United States of America with maps, charts and illustrations online

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let on r. bank of Danao Riv., NE. Negros
Occidental, 6 m. SW. of Escalante.

HONOP (hoh-nop'); mountain 3 m. SW. of La-
nang, in SE. Sdmar.

hamlet in SW. Samar, 44 m. NE. of Basey.

HORADADA (aw-rah-dah'-dah), Sp.; island and
point W. of Corregidor, in entrance to Manila
Bay, Luz6n.

3 rocks N. 31° W. of Yot Pt., Catanduanes

I., off coast of Luzon, N. of Albay.

HORCJAPILOTOS (ohr-cah-pee-loh'-tohs), nat.;
islet surrounded by sunken rocks off Balete
Pt., on N. coast of Mindoro, opposite pueblo
of CalapAn.

HORMIGA (awr-mee'-gah), Sp.; island situated
on W. coast of Paragua, Palawan, E. of chan-
nel between Cauayan and Cadlao. Near N.
end of Paragua are islands of Gemelos, Dia-
pila, Calitan, andCabuli.

HORN ROCK, for.; pointed projection above
water, 130 yds. off Batu Tandoc Pt., W. coast
of Zamboanga Pen., Mindanao. Between
this and Nanga Pt. is anchorage.

HORN, THE, for.; curiou.sly formed peak 1,250
ft. high on Matinloc I., NW. coast of Paragua,

HORNOS (ohr'-nohs), Sp.; point at S. end of
BataAn, Luz6n, on China Sea, N. of Boca
Chica entrance to Manila Bay.

HOWLET, for.; SW. island inshore of Johnson I.
and 1} m. off E. coast of Palawan.

HOYA DE IBA (aw'-yah day ee'-bah), Hisp.;
anchorage and point in Zambales, Luz6n.

HCBANG (hoo-bahng'), ver.; point and pueblo of
Bulusan, Sorsog6n, Luz6n. {Also Hubag.)

HCBASAN (hoo-bah'-.sahn), ver.; hamlet on W.
shore of Sdmar I., oppo.site Balupiri I.

HUG PA (hoog-pah'), ver.; crater in SW. part of
Biliran I., off S. point of Zamboanga, Min-
danao, 4 m. NE. of Biliran.



HVLUBI, or HUB! (hoo-loo'-bee, hnn'-bee), ver.;
hamlet on SW. shore of Cotabato, ^[iiidaiKKi,
about 3 m. NW. of sea end of line cif bound-
ary between Cotabato and Davao, Mindanao.

HULUGADliN (hoo-loo-gah-dyahn'), ver.; ham-
let on SW. coast of Negros Occidental, 9 m.
S. of Inayauan.

HUM (hoom), nat.; islet in Laparan cluster, Sulu

HlMKiAX^HAXG (hoo-mah-gah-noh'-hahng),
ver. ; mountain in Lej'te.

HUJIAXliAN (hoo-mung'-ahn), ver.; point in
Ambos Camarines (Norte), Luzon.

Hl'MATAN (hoo-uuih'-yalni), ver.; river in Min-

Hl'MKi.iX (hoo-mee-gahn'), Tag.; town at head-
waters of Agno Riv., in Nueva Ecij&, Lu26n,
42 m. N. of San Isidro. Pop., 5,848. (Also

UUMMOl'K, for.; point 10 m. NE. of Elizabeth Pt..
SW. coast of Palawan; biglits of bays along
this coast usually have streams of fresh water.
Point Hill, 560 ft. high, is its chief mark.

HUMINOCK (hoo-noo-nohck') ; point off W. coast
of Palawan forming little bay in which are
situated islands of Blanglar and Hierba.

Hl'RAO, or I'URAO (hoo-rah'-aw, coo-rah'-aw),
ver.; mountain in Sdmar.



iXTIXG (ee-ah'-ting), ver.: mountain in Concep-
L-iou, Iloilo, Panay, 16^ m. S\Y. of Carlos.

IBA (,ee'-bah~i, ver.; pueblo, capital of Zambales,
Luzon, on peninsula formed by river 2^ m.
from its mouth and point of that name; at foot
of Iba Mt. on coast road S. to Siibic Bay, and
85 m. in direct line XW. of Manila; has sev-
eral fine public buildings, church, meeting
hall, and parish house, and is well built.
Pop., 3,572.

mountain in Zambales, Luzon, inland from

provincial capital of province of that name.

point on coa.st of Zambales, Luzon, near

capital of province of that name.

hamlet of Pampanga, Luzon, on boundary

with Tdrlac and on main road, 18 m. XW. of

point on N\V. shore of Ragay Bay, Tayabas,


IBAAX (ee-bah-ahn'), Tag.; pueblo on Malaquin-
tubig Riv., 5 m. from Batangas in that prov-
ince. Luzon, connected bv 2 highroads. Pop.,

IBIII'AY (ee-by-ki'), ver.; point in Panay.

IBAJAY (ee-bah-high'), ver.; important river in
Capiz, Panay, rising in Cdpiz in E. spurs of
Bacalan Mt', parallels central range along
borders of Antique, flows in NW. direction
and turning N., W. of Cabalos Mt. enters sea
at town of Ibajay. Along its course are many
thriving villages.

point in Panay.

— — pueblo at mouth of river and on point of
same name on NE. coast of Cdpiz, Panay, 42|
m. NW. of Capiz. Pop., 11,351.

IBALOXG (ee-bah-long'), ver.; point on W. shore
of Albay, Luzon, S. of Sorsogon port.

IBAX (ee'-bahn), ver.; islet off XE. shore of Leyte
in W. entrance of sea channel leading to San
Juanico .Strait.

hamlet at mouth of Quinabasahan Riv.,

tributary of Bicol, in Ambos Camarines (Sur ),
Luzon, 7 m. S. of Nueva Caceres.

IBANAO (ee-bah'-now), ver.: hamlet in Lepanto,
Luzon, 7 m. E. of Caydn. Pop., 318.

IBASAX (ee-bah'-sahn): hamlet in puebloof Lof-
tugan, Cdpiz, Panay.

IBATAXES (ee-bah-tah'-nays), Hisp.; hamlet in
Benguet, Luz6n, 6 m. NE. of Trinidad. Pop.,

IBAY (ee-by'), ver.; to^vn in N. Cebu.

IBAYAT (ee-bah-yaf), nat.; mountain in \V. i
range of Antique, Panay, at headwaters of
one of tributaries of Cangaranan Riv., 7i m. !
E. of Valderrama.

central island of Batanes grp., 9 m. NNE. '

and SSW. and 3^ m. E. and W.; area, 27 sq. m;
16 m. XNW. of Batdn, channel between free
from danger. On X. rises Mt. Santa Rosa
680 ft. and on S. Mt. Riposet 800 ft. above sea.
Island is most fertile of all Batanes. As ,
viewed from seaward it presents barren out- '
line defying disembarkation to any but those
acquainted with locality. It is w'ithout an-
chorages. Interior is highly cultivated, and
in many places shows fine timber.

IBIyoU (ee-bah'-yog); mountain in Panay.

IBOBOR (ee-boh-bohr'), ver.; one of group of is-
lets inshore between Paly I. and E. coast of I
Paragua, Palawan, SE. of Taytay. i

IBOXAX (ee-boh'-nahn), Tug.; river in Xueva
Ecija, Luzon, rising in E. slopes of Sierra
Madre, empties into bay of Dingala, Pacific

IBUGAY (ee-boo-gi'), ver.; mountain in central
Leyte, 3 m. S\V. of Dagami.

IBUtiOS, or BASHl (ee-boo'-gohs, bah'-shee),
ver.; small island of Batanes grp., 2 sq. m. in
extent, W. of Sabtan I., from which separated
by channel li m. wide. Island is generally
low except on S. end, where there is hill, at
foot of which lies village. Small stream emp-
ties inside SW. point of SabtAn, which may
be entered by boats. Reefs on both sides of
channel have gaps through which boats enter
in fine w-eather.

IBL'JO (ee-boo'-hoh), ver.; town in E. Leyte.

IBl'LAO (ee-boo-lah'-oh), ver.; river in Xueva
Vizcaya, Luzon, rising at foot of Guingui Mt.
and emptying into Magat Riv., branch of-
Grande de Cagayan.

IBUNG (ee-boong'), ver.; pueblo of Nueva Viz-
caya. Four roads leave it, one connecting
with main highway at Bagabag. Pop., 980.

IBUS (ee'-boos), ver.; islet in inlet fronting ham-
let of Baras, on NE. shore of Illana Bay, in
Cotabato, Mindanao.

K'ADAMBAXAL'AX, or TAYTAY (ee-cah-dam-bah-
nah'-wahn, tie-tie'), ver.; island 2^ m. bv 1
m. in extent, 610 ft. high, 3J m. E. of Taytay,
Paragua, Palawan, and separated from S.
point of that bay by channel 1 m. wide.

IDIAYAX (ee-dee-ah'-yahn), rer.; small stream
entering sea on extreme SW. coast of An-
tique, Panay.

IDIO (ee'-dee-oh), ver.; hamlet on W. coast of
Antique, Panay, 1 m. N. of Sebaste.

small stream in Antique, Panay, emptying

into sea at Pandan.

lETIMi ^ee-ay'-ting), ver.; point on SE. shore of
San Pedro Bay, SW. Samar, 12 m. SE. of Basey.

IGABO (ee-gah'-boh), ver.; hot spring NE. of
Malinao Mt., not far from Tibi, in Ambos Ca-
marines. In middle of plot of turf encircled
by trees is bare spot 100 by 70 paces, covered
with stones rounded by attrition to size of
man's head. Hot water bubbles out of ground
and discharges into brook. Women cook by
means of nets in which they suspend food in
water, which contains no traces of alum and
very slight traces of sulphur.

IGAIBAX (ee-gah-ee-rahn'), ver.; hamlet on ex-
treme S. coast of Daram I., off W. coa.st of

IGAX (ee'-gahn), nat.; islet in Upper Grande Riv.
of Mindanao, below Kalipubuan, Lanao,

bay 2 m. at its entrance and 2 m. deep on

W. shore of Guimards I., off Iloilo, Panay,
immediately S. of Santa Ana port.

hamlet near 1. bank of Pulangui Riv.,

Cotabato, Mindanao, 16 m. EXE. of Liguasan

IGAXEGA (ee-gah-nay'-gah), ver.; hamlet on
shore of San Juanico Strait, in SW. Sdmar, 2
m. E. of Santa Rita.

IGASAX (ee-gah'-sahn), ver.; point 3 m. XW. of
Tak Tak Pt., S. shore of Sulu I., Sulu A.

UiXT (ee'-gat), ver.; bay X. of Igat I., well shel-
tered in X. waters of Dumanquilas Bay. Du-
manquilas Riv. enters bay opposite by sever-
al mouths. Locality extremely unhealthy.



KiAT; point on mainland S. of Zamboanga, Min-
danao, opposite Davana I. in Dumanquilas

island marking entrance to Dumanquilas

Bay, separated from mainland by narrow
channel on S. coast of Zamboanga, Mindanao.

islet N. of Matalvi I., off W. coast of Zam-

bales, Luzon.

lUAL'AX (ee-gah'-wahn), ver.; small stream en-
tering sea on SW. coast of Leyte, 6 m. N. of

lOBABOX (eeg-bah-bohn'), ver.; hamlet on W.
coast of Antique, Panay, 2 m. NE. of Patnon-
gon. ^

ItiBALAMiAO (eeg-bah-lang'-ah-oh), ver.; ham-
let in Antique, Panay, 2^ m. S, of Bugason.

UiBAMJl'T (eeg-bang-oof), ver.; mountain in W.
range of Panay, on line of boundary between
Antique and Il'oilo, 14 m. ENE. of Va"lderrama.

KiB.iXKi (eeg-bah'-nig), ver.; mountain in Pa-

IUBARXs (eeg-bah-ras'), ver.; pueblo in SW.
Iloilo, Panay, 18 m. W. of Hollo. Pop., 12,140.

river of Iloilo, Panay, rising in mountains

which divide Hollo from Antique, and pass-
ing across pueblo of Tubungan empties in
Hollo Strait.

KiBARAFAN' (eeg-bah-rah'-wahn), ver.; hamlet
on W. coast of Antique, Panay, 1 m. N. of

KiBLRI (eeg-boo-ree'), ver.; hamlet in Antique,
Panay, 8 m. E. of Patnongon.

IGCAGX (eeg-cah-gah'), ver.; hamlet on SW. shore
of W. Antique, Panay, llj m. W. of Panddn.

KiCAHOL.A (eeg-cah-hoh'-lah), ver.; hamlet in ex-
treme S. Antique, Panay, 3 m. NE. of Anini-y.

I(i('AR(3>' (eeg-cah-ron'); ver.; mountain in SW.
Iloilo, Panay, 12 m. E. of Miagao.

IGUALAi^riT (eeg-dah-lah-kit'),ver.; hamlet on
small bay on SW. coast of Antique, Panay, 2^
m. N. of Anini-y.

IG-IAXtiOT (eeg-yahng-of), ver.; mountain in

lGLAB6X(ee-glah-bohn'), ver.; river in extreme
W. Antique, Panay, with Veuy at its mouth.

IGLUSIA (ee-glay'-see-ah) (means church), Sp.;
point on SE. coast of Palawan, at N. end of
bight which ends in Coral Bay.

IGMIXTO (eeg-meen'-toh), ver.; mountain in

IGOD (ee'-god), ver.; river rising in Tauig-oid
Mt. , falling into sea on S. coast of W. Antique,
Panay, near Magaba.

IGRADIOS (ee-grah'-dee-cs), ver.; mountain in
W. range of Antique, Panay, near headwat-
ers of one of W. tributaries of Cadian Riv.

IGS6B0T (eeg-.soh'-roht), ver.; hamlet on 1. bank
of Piliuan Riv., in W. Antique, Panay.

IGUAIT (ee-gwah'-it), ver.; hamlet on W. shore
of Port Princesa, E. coast of Palawan, 2i m.
W. of Puerto Princesa.

IGL'AX'A (ee-gwah'-nah), Sp.; long spit of sand in
middle of E. entrance of Iloilo Strait between
Dumangas Pt., SE. coast of Panay, and coast
of Guimarjis I. Shallowest part is 9 ft. Larg-
est of Siete Pecados bears NW. by W. J m.

ItillAXO (ee-gwah'-noh), Sp. (See Apulit I., off
Taytay Bay, E. coast of Paragua, Palawan.)

IGL'AM.At'AX (ee-gwahn-tah-cahn'), ver.; ham-
let in W. C^piz, Panay, 4J m. SW. of Jamin-

IGl'lt'OX (ee-gee'-cohn). ver.; extreme SE. of
numerous islands lying off Polillo I., off In-
fanta. Area IJ sq. m.

IGl'IG (ee-geeg'), ver.; pueblo of Cagay^n, Lu-
zon, nearr. bank of Grande de Cagay^n Riv.,
on main higluvav, 10 m. N. of Tuguegarao.
Pop., 4,000.

HilJIGAX (ee-gee'-gahn), ver.; hamlet on ba\
which sets up from head of San Juanici
channel in SW. Sam4r, 6 m. SSE. of Villa

ILACAOXG (ee-lah-cah-ohng') point on W. short
of Gatanduanes I., NE. of Albay, in pueblo oi

ILAGAX (ee-lah'-gahn), ver.; pueblo, capital oi
Isabela Province, and post-office, in forks oi
Grande de Cagaydn and Pinacanauan Rivs.,
on main highway 84 m. S. by E. of Aparri, at
mouth of Grande de CagayAn Riv., on N. sea-
coast; 20 m. S. of Tuguegarao, capital of Ca-
gay^n; 60 m. NE. of Bayombong, capital of
Nueva Vizcaya, to which points it is in river
as well as road connection, and 275 m. NNE.
of Manila, by road or via Aparri by river and
sea. Pop., 13,811, besides large tran.sient ele-
ment engaged in extensive trade of river and
surrounding country. Stands near head of
vast valley of Grande de Cagayin Riv
which, beginning at elevated crest dividing
drainage of that stream into Pacific Ocean
on N. and of Grande de la Pampanga Riv.
into Manila Bay on S., sweeps N. past nu-
merous towns and hiimlets with extensive
population engaged in agricultural and pas-
toral pursuits and numerous mechanical in-
dustries. Pacific port of city is Palandn, on
that coast, 36 m. E. by S.

IliAGAOX (ee-lah-gah'-ohn); hamlet in pueblo of
Siaton, Negros Oriental.

ILAXG-ILAXG (ee'-lang-ee'-lang), nat.; one of
many streams which have their sources in
central Cavite, Luz6n, and flowing N. empty
into Manila and Bacoor (Cavite) bays.

I LAX IN (ee-lah'-neen), nat.; river emptying on
SE. shore of Siibic Bay, SE. coast of Zambales,

bay inside entrance to Siibic Bay, E. side

Zambales, Luzon.

ILAXOD (ee-lah-nohd'); river in Nueva Vizcaya,
Luzon, tributary to Magat branch of Grande
de Cagaydn.

ILAIIE (ee-lah'-way), ver.; mountain in SW.

ILAYA (ee-lah'-yah) , nat.; hamlet at head of
Taguinting Riv., in NW. Bohol, 4 m. SE. of

hamlet in N. central Leyte, li m. SW. of


town in Lanao, Mindanao. Pop., 1,099.

river entering sea S. of Sablaydn, W. coast

of Mindoro.

ILAYA, SAX LOREXZO DE (sahn loh-rayn'-thoh
day ee-lah'-yah); hamlet 2 m. SE, of Dapitan,
and same distance inland from SW. angle of
Murci61agos Bay, Dapitan, Mindanao.

ILDEFOXSO (eel-day-fohn'-.soh), Sp.; cape atsea-
ward end of pen. separating bay of Casiguran
from Pacific Ocean, Principe, Luzon.

ILDEFOXSO, SAX (sahn eel-day-fohn'-soh), Sp.;
town in pueblo of Bantay, Ilocos Sur, Luz6n.

ILIAX (ee-lee'-ahn), ver.; hamlet on r. bank i m.
above mouth of river of same name, 5J m.
NE. of High Pt., E. coast of Paragua, Pala-
wan, 89^ m. NE. of Puerto Princesa.

ILIGAX (ee-lee'-gahn), ver.; pueblo SE. angle of
Iligan Bay, Misamis, Mindanao, in fertile
plain on r. bank of river of same name,
through which flow waters of extensive in-
land lake Lanao or Maguindanao (Malanao),
and which carries trade of large population,
settled in towns, hamlets, and plantations on
its encircling shores. Pop., 6,020.

hamlet in pueblo of Dumardn, on island of

that name, off E. coast of Paragua, Palawan.

river in SE. angle of Iligan Bay and stream

of great importance. Connects that bay with
Lanao or Maguindanao (Malanao) Lake, 16|
m. inland S. ; surrounded by number of towns,
among which and with great bay on N. there
is extensive local trade. Entrance to river



lllGAX— OontiniK-d.

and river itself, as well as bay, admit of pas-
sa_ge of native vessels of considerable size,
lligan, situated in fertile plain NE. of r. bank
of river, 22 m. from lake to bay.

arm of sea on N. coast of Mindanao, on S.

shore of sea channel between that island and
Visayan grp. on N. Opens to N. between Pa-
na6ri Pt. E. and Bomb6n Pt. W., 37^ m. across
and 231 jjj_ ^eep to S. On its shores are num-
ber of small bays and large port, Misamis,
formed by channel 12 m. long and 2^ m. wide
in SW. angle. Shores of bay are generally
safe and steep-to. Also number of fine towns
along its borders and numerous fine streams
of fresh water drain into it.

ILIGAIV, or HIGAIV (ee-lee'-gahn, ee'-gahn), ver.;
point on E. coast of CagayAn, Luz6n, which
here forms extensive bight S. to headland
Moises, which bears S. by E., distant 64 m.

ILIHAN (ee-lee'-hahn); mountain in SE. Leyte.

ILI.IAN (ee-lee'-hahn), nat.; hamlet in NW. part
of Cdpiz, Panay, 2^ m. S. of Navas.

inlet and point in S. Batangas, Luzon.

point in Cebii.

point W. shore Panaun I., off SE. jioint of

Leyte, in approach to S6god Bay.

• hill 420 ft. high on NE. coast of Casul Bay,

on Diuyu Riv., SE. part of Murcielagos Bay,
N. coast on the boundary between Misamis
and Dapitan, Mindanao.

lliLWIHO (ee-lee-iiiei''-bi)h); hamlet near N. coast
(if SAiiiar, :;J 111. K. of Catarman.

IIJM, (ir IIJ'X, (,r YIJ\' (ee-leem', ee-leen'), nat;
village oil \V. shore of island of same name

lliiai, or ILIN, or ILIN— Continued.

off SW. point of Mindoro, with anchorage
for small vessels and good .supply of water.

7 well-defined peaks, Mt. Ilin 8.50 ft. high,

on NW. shore, are landmarks of Ilin I. ap-
proaching SW. coast of Mindoro.

1LL\AN (ee-lee'-nahn), nat.; bay on SE. coast of
Subic Bay, SE. coast of Zambales, Luz6n, NE.
of KamayAn Pt.

ILINU (ee-leeng'), nat.; hamlet in pueblo of
Mangarin, Mindoro. Pop., 427.

ILINGUIN (ee-leen-geen'); summit 733 ft. on NE.
shore of Svibie Bay, SE. coast of Zambales,

llilXID (ee-lee-need'), ver.; point in Leyte.

HilNllV (ee-lee-neen'). Tag.; S. point of BinangA
j Bay, at entrance to Subic Bay, in Batadn,


ILLXN (ee-lyahn'), Sp.; detached hill 600ft. high
covered with wood, 1 m. inland within Town-
send Pt., SW. coa.st of Palawan.

ILLANA (ee-lyah'-nah), Sp.; bay on S. coast of
Cotabato, Mindanao, opening into Celebes Sea
on SW. between TapiAn Pt. on E. and Flechas
Pt. on W., 58 m. to NW. from Tapidn Pt.;
separated from Panguil Bay, inlet of lligan
Bay, on N. side of Mindanao, by isthmus
15^ m. wide; number of rivers and lagoons
open into bay and on shores are many vil-

ILLIJAN (ee-lyee'-hahn), ver.; crater in NE.
capiz, Panay, 1 m. SE. of Pilar.

ILOC (ee'-lock), nat., or AUSTIN, for.; island 4 m.
in extent, IJ sq: m. area, 5 m. NW. of Bag;
banguin, NE. coast of Paragna, Palawan.


(Ke-l(ih'-eojis, nat.: iiolir'-tay, Sp.)

Capital: Laoag, lat. 18° i:y 5'' N., Ion. 120° P.G' E.

Area: 1,265 sq. m.

Population: 163,349.

Race: Lai-gely Uocanos, with a few IgorroteH and other tribes.

Language: Principally Ilocano.

Military Department of Luzon: Headquarters, Manila, Luzon.

Table of diMancei^.
From Laoag to— m.

Manila, S 211

Vigan, S., Ilocos Sur 47

Aparri, E. by N., Cagayau 68


The province of Ilocos Norte occupies the NW. corner of Luzon. It is bounded on
the N. by the China Sea; on the E. by Cagayan and Abra, from which, it is separated
by the Cordillera del Norte and its SW. spur; on the S. by Ilocos Sur, and on the
W. by the China Sea. The province lies entirely within the embrace of the W.
slopes of the Cordilleras and the sea. It is beautifully diversified with mountains
and broad valleys of great fertility, and watered by fine rivers, particularly the
Grande de Laoag, which spreads fan-like over the entire central part and empties
into the sea 8 m. below the capital of that name.


Its greatest length from NNE. to SSW. is 79 m.
prises a wedge-like strip but 7h m. wide and 16 ni.
on the W. and hemmed in by Abra on the E.
Mainland, 1,264 sq. m., 4 dependent islands, 1 sq.
larger than Rhode Island.

A portion of this distance corn-
long, shut out from the China Sea
and from E. to W. 25 in. Area:
m.; total, 1,265 sq. m., or 15 sq. m.



A chain of high mountains inland, which commences near San Fabian, in the gulf
of Lingayen, extends parallel to the coast, gradually diminishing in height and
stretching inland about 28 m. to the S., off C. Bojeador, leaves a spacious plain
frontin<j the sea. Another chain of hills begins about 8 or 9 m. from the shore,
and cxtciKls X. parallel to the coast line. Mt. Cauit, on the crest of which are
some tri'cs, fnrnis a conspicuous mark on this low coast. The Laoag Riv. discharges
to the S. of the mount; its mouth is closed by a bar forming a bank which
extends some distance seaward; the town of Laoag stands near the bank of the
river, about 5 m. inland. Among the most noted peaks are Quebrada, 3,040 ft.
high in the N., Sugar-loaf, 2,500 ft. in the center, with a peak to the N., 3,881
ft., and another to the E., 4,828 ft. Mt. Patapat, on the N. coast, and another sum-
mit, 1,945 ft., inland from Dialao Pt., are the landmarks for navigators rounding the
extreme NW. point of Luzon. The surface of the province, hemmed in between
these Cordilleras and the China Sea, is much broken by foothills, but the soil is
fertile and watered by a number of streams, all emptying into the China Sea, the
most important being the Pagsiln and Guisi, forming the Laoag, to the N., and the
Tasilan or Badoc to the S. The climate is salubrious and particularly beneficial to
foreign residents resorting thither from the heats of the more S. provinces and
islands for liculth. Among the natural wonders of the province is a grotto of great
beauty and 39 acres in extent, situated in Lice I\lt.


The coast N. of Mt. Cauit is generally low, and S. high, with a sandy shore.
On the extreme NW. land of this province is C. Bojeador, the first land sighted
by vessels approaching Luzon from the N. ports of China. The coast is generally
clear. The following are the principal bays and anchorages:

Bangui; forming a deep bight on the extreme NW. coast, lOj m. between Dialao
and Negra Pts.

Cauit; 17 m. S. of C. Bojeador, and an anchorage from 5 to 10 fms., off the
village of same name, on the roadstead of Laoag, on the river Laoag, 10 m. above its

Currimao; on the W. coast, an inlet in the bight of Gan, with an anchorage in 4
fms. Coasting steamers call at this point.

Diriqui; on the NW. coast, 5 m. S. of C. Bojeador. This bay affords good
ancliorage during the NE. monsoon with bearing on the cape light-house, with 12
to 15 fms. outside and 6 to 10 fms. inside, with room for a ship 250 ft. long to swing.

Gan; a bight on the W. coast between Culili and Solod Pts. and Badoc I., li m.
Currimao port is in the N. part of this bay.

Suad; on the W. shore of the extreme NW. pen., S. of Dialao Pt.


At C. Bojeador is the most W. of the 3 great lights on the N. coast of Luzon,
The Bojeador light is situated on the summit of the hill, 1,750 yds. E. from the NW.
extreme of the cape, lat. 18° 30' 18^'' N., Ion. 120° 35' E., the light having 1 flash
every minute; 360 ft. above the sea; height of tower 65 ft. and ligh visible 32 m.
The light-house is a stone tower with a white cupola, the average period of the light
is about 59 seconds, duration of light about 14 to 15 seconds, eclipse about 44 to 46
seconds. A military station was established at this point.


The trail which leaves Aparri at the mouth of the Grande de Cagayiln, following
the N. coast through Abiilug, Pamplona, and Claveria, after leaving the latter town
continues to C. Bojeador and thence along the W. coast to Pasuquin Pt. From
here to Laoag it becomes a fine wagon road; thence S. into Ilocos Sur, and continues
along the coast to the gulf of Lingayen, where it takes a SE. course to ^Manila.
From C. Bojeador the road is paralleled by a telegraph line the entire distance, and
is also the projected route of a railroad to be continued N. from Dagupan, the
present terminus of the road from Manila. From Bdtac the road extends to Paoay
to the W. and Port Currimao, the best anchorage in the province. Another road
runs to the E. through the town of San Miguel, where it divides, leading to Piddig
and Solsona toward the E. and to Dingras and Bann;l to the SE.



The population is 163,349, a inajority f)f the inhaliitants beino: Ilocanos, although
a uumtier of Apayaos, Tinguianes, and Igorrotes also inhahit tliis jtiovince. Ilocano
is generally spoken. The Tinguianes living near tlie principal town;^, although hav-
ing their own dialects, speak Uocano.

The follow ing is the division of Ilocos Norte into pueblos and their respective popu-
lations, according to the census of 1887:

Province and pueblos.

Total population, combining
residents present and ab-
sent, native and Spanish,
census 1887.


Men. 1 Women.


Iloeos Norte:


7, 062
2, 200
15, 324
2, 119

15, 546

3; 779
4, 552

13, 949
11 617



7 794


11 669


12, 147



Online LibraryUnited States. Bureau of Insular AffairsA pronouncing gazetteer and geographical dictionary of the Philippine Islands, United States of America with maps, charts and illustrations → online text (page 90 of 162)