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BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY



3 9999 06398 572 3



M. I Census of
^^^^/Agriculture



AC87-A-31



Volume 1

GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES



Part 31

New Mexico

state and County Data




'GOVEROTvffilTT DOCUTViENTG DE?T.

BOSTON PUBLIC LIEHARY

700 Boylston S 'xeet

Boston, MA 02117





HPV HAMJ

* 1989



U.S. Department of Commerce

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS



This report was prepared in the Agriculture Division. Many
other divisions contributed to this preparation: Data Preparation
performed the clerical processing; Administrative Services pro-
vided the forms design and other administrative services; Publi-
cations Services contributed in publication planning and design,
editorial review, composition, and printing procurement; Com-
puter Services provided the computer processing facilities; Field
provided selected data collection activities; Economic Program-
ming prepared the computer programs; and Economic Surveys
assisted in preparation of data collection and processing proce-
dures and computer programs.

Members of the Census Advisory Committee on Agriculture
Statistics and representatives of both public and private



organizations made significant recommendations which helped
establish data content.

Members of various agencies of the U.S. Department of
Agriculture provided valuable advice in the planning, publicizing,
and processing phases of the census, and in helping farmers and
ranchers complete the report forms.

The press, farm magazines, radio and television stations, and
farm organizations were most helpful in publicizing the census
and encouraging cooperation of farm and ranch operators.

Special tribute is paid to the millions of farm and ranch
operators who furnished the information requested. Only through
their cooperation was it possible to collect and publish the data in
this report.



If you have any questions concerning the statistics in this report, call:

(301) 763-8555 Division Chief

(301) 763-8567 Crops Branch

(301) 763-8569 Livestock Branch

(301) 763-8566 Farm Economics Branch

(301) 763-1113 General Information
(301) 763-8558 Statistical Methodology



)^^''A-3.o



1987

Census of
Agriculture



AC87-A-31



Volume 1
GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES

Part 31

New Mexico

state and County Data



Issued July 1989






§ ML Q.



\




m



^tx^^



U.S. Department of Commerce

Robert A. Mosbacher, Secretary

Michael R. Darby, Under Secretary

for Economic Affairs

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS




BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
C. L. Kincannon, Deputy Director



Charles A. Waite, Associate Director for

Economic Programs

Roger H. Bugenhagen, Assistant Director for

Economic and Agriculture Censuses

Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Chief,
Economic Census Staff

AGRICULTURE DIVISION
Charles P. Pautler, Jr., Chief



Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Census of agriculture (1 987). Geographic area series.
1 987 census of agriculture. Geographic area series.

Includes indexes.

Supt. of Docs, no.: C 3.31/4:987/v.1

1 . Agriculture— Economic aspects — United States-
Statistics. 2. Agriculture— Economic aspects— United
States — States— Statistics. 3. Agriculture — Economic
aspects — United States— Territories and possessions
—Statistics. I. United States. Bureau of the Census.
II. Title.
HD1769.C46 1987 338.1 '0973'021 88-600103



For sale by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.



CONTENTS



Page

Introduction VII

Highlights of the State's Agriculture: 1987 and 1982 1



FIGURES

1. State IVIap 2

2. Profile of State's Agriculture: 1987 3

3. Percent of Farms and of Value of Products Sold: 1987 4

4. Farms by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1959 to 1987 4

5. Land Use: 1987 5

6. Selected Crops Harvested: 1987 5

7. Value of Livestock and Poultry Sold: 1987 6

8. Production Expenses: 1987 6



TABLES

CHAPTER 1. State Data

1. Historical Highlights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years 7

2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987, 1982, and 1978 9

3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 10

4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1987 12

5. Government Payments and Other Farm-Related Income: 1987 and 1982 13

6. Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 14

7. Land Use and Acres Diverted: 1987, 1982, and 1978 15

8. Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1987 and 1982 16

9. Irrigation: 1987, 1982, and 1978 16

10. Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrigated Farms: 1987 and 1982 17

11. Value of Land and Buildings: 1987, 1982, and 1978 18

12. Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 18

13. Selected Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 18

14. Petroleum Products Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 19

15. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987, 1982, and 1978 19

1 6. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms and Farms Operated by

Black and Other Races: 1987, 1982, and 1978 20

1 7. Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish Origin, and Specified Racial

Groups: 1987 and 1982 21

18. Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 23

19. Selected Characteristics of Abnormal Farms: 1987 and 1982 24

20. Livestock and Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987, 1982, and 1978 25

21. Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 25

22. Broilers and Started Pullets -Sales: 1987 and 1982 26

23. Poultry— Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 26

24. Turkeys-Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 27

25. Cattle and Calves- Inventory: 1987 and 1982 27

26. Cattle and Calves -Sales: 1987 and 1982 28

27. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 28

28. Cattle and Calves -Inventory and Sales by Size of Cow Herd: 1987 29

29. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Beef Cow Herd: 1987 29

30. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Milk Cow Herd: 1987 30

31. Cattle and Calves-Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 30

32. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory: 1987 and 1982 30

33. Hogs and Pigs-Sales: 1987 and 1982 31

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS III



Page

34. Hogs and Pigs— Litters Farrowed: 1987 and 1982 31

35. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 31

36. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 32

37. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Farrowed: 1987 32

38. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 32

39. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 33

40. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 1987 33

41. Other Livestock and Livestock Products— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 34

42. Crops Harvested and Value of Production: 1987 and 1982 35

43. Specified Crops Harvested— Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1987 __ 35

44. Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 36

45. Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1987 and 1982 37

46. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value of Sales: 1 987 and

1982 38

47. Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 39

48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 40

49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 50

50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 60

51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 80

52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 100

53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 120

CHAPTER 2. County Data

1. County Summary Highlights: 1987 140

2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 and

1982 145

3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 155

4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm-Related Income, and
Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 160

5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 165

6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 175

7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982 180

8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 185

9. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987 and 1982 190

10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 and 1982 __ 193

11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 203

12. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982 213

13. Sheep and Horses— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 ___ 218

14. Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 221

15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 226

16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 231

17. Milk Goats— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 _ 254

18. Angora Goats— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 254

19. Mink and Their Pelts— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 *

20. Colonies of Bees and Honey— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 255

21. Fish Sales: 1987 and 1982 _ 255

22. Miscellaneous Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 255

23. Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982. 256

24. Grains-Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982 257

25. Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and Peanuts: 1 987 and 1 982 _ 259

26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 260

27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982__ 264

28. Fruits and Nuts: 1987 and 1982 268

29. Berries Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 271

30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale: 1987 and 1982 272

31. Other Crops: 1987 and 1982 273

32. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 1987 and 1982 274

33. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1987 and 1982 274

34. Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 275

35. Operators of Spanish Origin: 1987 and 1982 276

36. Farms With Grazing Permits: 1987 277



IV CONTENTS 1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE



Page

APPENDIXES

A. General Explanation A-1

B. Places With All Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Program B-1

C. Statistical Methodology C-1

D. Report Form and Information Sheet D-1

Index Index 1

Publication Program Inside back cover

*Not published for this State.



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS V



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Boston Public Library



http://www.archive.org/details/1987censusofagri31unit



INTRODUCTION



Page

HISTORY VII

USES OF THE CENSUS VII

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED VII

FARM DEFINITION VII

COMPARABILITY OF DATA VII

TABULAR PRESENTATION VII

ADVANCE REPORTS VIII

ELECTRONIC DATA DISSEMINATION VIII

SPECIAL TABULATIONS VIII

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES VIII

INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES DATA VIII

ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS VIII



fifth year after 1983 covering the prior year. The 1987
census includes each State, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the
Virgin Island of the United States. A census of agriculture
will be conducted in American Samoa and the Common-
wealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in conjunction with
the 1 990 Census of Population and Housing.

FARM DEFINITION



HISTORY

The 1 987 Census of Agriculture is the 23d taken by the
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. The
first agriculture census was taken in 1840 as part of the
sixth decennial census of population. From 1840 to 1950,
an agriculture census was taken as part of the decennial
census. A separate mid-decade census of agriculture was
conducted in 1925, 1935, and 1945. From 1954 to 1974, a
census of agriculture was taken for the years ending in 4
and 9. In 1 976, Congress authorized the census of agri-
culture to be taken for 1 978 and 1 982 to adjust the data
reference year so that it coincided with the economic
censuses covering manufacturing, mining, construction,
retail trade, wholesale trade, service industries, and selected
transportation activities. This adjustment in timing estab-
lished the agriculture census on a 5-year cycle collecting
data for years ending in 2 and 7.

USES OF THE CENSUS

The census of agriculture is the leading source of
statistics about the Nation's agricultural production and the
only source of consistent, comparable data at the county.
State, and national levels. Census statistics are used by
Congress in developing and changing farm programs and
for determining the effects of these programs. Many
national and State programs are designed or allocated on
the basis of census data, such as funds for extension
services, research, and soil conservation projects. Private
industry uses census statistics to provide a more effective
production and distribution system for the agricultural
community.

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED

The census of agriculture is required by law under Title
13, United States Code, sections 142(a) and 191, which
directs that a census be taken in 1979, 1983, and in every



Since 1850, when minimum criteria defining a farm for
census purposes first were established, the farm definition
has been changed nine times. The current definition, first
used for the 1974 census, is any place from which $1,000
or more of agricultural products were produced and sold or
normally would have been sold during the census year.
The farm definition used for the outlying areas varies
according to area. The report for each area includes a
discussion of the farm definition.



COMPARABILITY OF DATA

Data on acreages and inventories for 1987 and 1982
are generally comparable. Dollar figures shown for expenses
and agricultural product sales are expressed in current
dollars and have not been adjusted for inflation or defla-
tion. In general, data for censuses since 1 974 are not fully
comparable with data for 1 969 and earlier censuses due to
changes in the farm definition.

The 1978 U.S., region, and State data shown in the
1 978 Census of Agriculture publications included data for
farms on the mail list plus estimates from an area sample
for farms not on the mail list. For comparability, the 1 978
data in the 1987 publications include only farms on the
mail list.



TABULAR PRESENTATION

State data— Tables 1 through 47 in chapter 1 show
detailed State-level data usually accompanied by historical
data for one or more past censuses. Tables 48 through 53
provide 1 987 State data cross-tabulated by various farm
classifications.

County data — Chapter 2 presents selected data items
by county. Tables 1 through 16 include general data for all
counties. The counties are listed in alphabetical order in
the column headings. Tables 17 through 36 include only



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE



INTRODUCTION VII



counties reporting the data item. Counties not having the
item, or with a limited number of farms reporting the item,
have data combined and presented as "all other counties."

ADVANCE REPORTS

Advance reports of 1987 census data have been pub-
lished separately for each county with 1 farms or more,
each State, and the United States. This series provided, at
the earliest possible date, final data on major data items
together with comparable final data from the 1 982 census.
Data items are standard across States except information
on selected crops harvested, which vary by State accord-
ing to their relative importance in the State.

ELECTRONIC DATA DISSEMINATION

The volume 1 data are available on computer tapes and
compact disc. The advance report data are available on
computer tapes, computer diskettes, and through elec-
tronic data services such as the AG R I DATA network, the
CENDATA package on Dialog, CompuServe on-line ser-
vices, and the Census Bureau's State Data Center Bulletin
Board. Computer tapes, diskettes, and compact discs are
sold by the Customer Services Branch, Data User Services
Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233
(telephone (301) 763-4100).

SPECIAL TABULATIONS

Custom designed tabulations can be developed to
individual user specifications on a programming cost reim-
bursable basis. Inquiries about special tabulations should
be directed to the Chief, Agriculture Division, Bureau of the
Census, Washington, D.C. 20233.

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES

In keeping with the provisions of Title 13, United States
Code, no data are published that would disclose the
operations of an individual farm. However, the number of



farms in a given size category or other classification, such
as size of farm, is not considered a release of confidential
information and is provided even though other information
is withheld.



INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES
DATA



Inventories of livestock, poultry, and machinery and
equipment are measured as of December 31 of the census
year. Crop and livestock production, sales, and expense
data are for the calendar year, except for a few crops (such
as citrus) for which the production year overlaps the
calendar year.



ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS

The following abbreviations and symbols are used through-
out the tables:

Represents zero.

(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual

farms.

(IC) Independent city.

(NA) Not available.

(S) Withheld because estimate did not meet pub-

lication standards on the basis of either the
response rate (associated relative standard
error) or a consistency review.

(X) Not applicable.

(Z) Less than half of the unit shown.

cwt Hundredweight.

sq ft Square feet.



Vlil INTRODUCTION



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE



Highlights of the State's Agriculture: 1987 and 1982

[Dollar figures are in current dollars with no adjustment for price changes. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]



Percent change
from 1 982 to 1 987



Farms number.

Land in farms acres.

Average size of farm acres.

Value of land and buildings'*:

Average per farm dollars.

Average per acre dollars.

Farms by size:

1 to 9 acres

10 to 49 acres

50 to 179 acres _ ___

180 to 499 acres

500 to 999 acres

1,000 to 1,999 acres

2,000 acres or more

Harvested cropland _ farms.

acres-
Irrigated land farms.

acres.

Market value of agricultural products sold $1,000.

Average per farm dollars-
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops $1,000.

Grains $1,000.

Cotton and cottonseed $1,000.

Tobacco $1,000.

Hay, silage, and field seeds $1,000.

Vegetables, sweet com, and melons $1,000.

Fruits, nuts, and berries $1,000.

Nursery and greenhouse crops $1,000.

Other crops _ $1,000.

Livestock, poultry, and their products $1,000,

Poultry and poultry products $1,000.

Dairy products $1,000.

Cattle and calves _ ___ ___ $1,000.

Hogs and pigs $1,000.

Sheep, lambs, and wool $1,000.

Other livestock and livestock products (see text) $1,000.

Farms by type of organization:

Individual or family (sole proprietorship)

Partnership

Corporation

Other— cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

Operators by principal occupation:

Farming

Other

Operators by days worked off farm:

Any

200 days or more

Average age of operator years.

Total farm production expenses ■• $1,000.

Selected farm production expenses^:

Livestock and poultry purchased $1,000.

Feed for livestock and poultry $1,000.

Commerci^ fertilizer^ $1,000.

Agricultural chemicals^ $1,000.

Petroleum products $1,000.

Hired farm labor $1,000.

Interest expense^^ $1,000.

Livestock and poultry inventory:

Cattle and calves farms.

number.

Milk cows farms.

number.

Hogs and pigs _ _ farms.

number.

Chickens 3 months old or older farms.

number.

Selected crops harvested:
Corn for grain or seed :. farms.

acres.
Sorghum for grain or seed _ farms.

acres.
Wheat for grain farms.

acres.
Cotton farms.

acres.
Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wid, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see
text) farms.

acres.
Land in orchards farms.

acres.



14


249


6 018


005


3


230


582


012




180


2 421


2 710


2


164


1


846


1


341


1


126


2


641


7


269


989


214


7


022


718


449


1 060


112


74


399


261


488


50 068


40 746


51


939


48


703


29


208


21


529


19 297


798


624




(D)


117


35/


624


399


9 369


20 943




(D)


11


929


1


362




753




205


7


243


7


006


8


137


4 937




53.7


892 641


268


175


163 870


20 913


13 079


41


585


98 309


68


124


8


926


1 445


062




848


58 606




592


44


248


1


363




(D)




434


37


540




776


156


979


1


229


309


184




697


79


135


4 830


276


861


1


526


28


529



13


484


47 096


085


3


493


618


708




178


1


979


2


591


2


127


1


801


1


254


1


171


2 661


7


395


1 297 305


6


918


807 206


850


562


63


079


232


230


77


872


24


605


57


746


35


566


15


210


12


475


8


757


618 332




(D)


98 734


471


973


8 095


14


588




(D)


11


440


1


202




617




225


6


896


6 688


7


809


4


752




51.9




(NA)


227


193


143


887


18


245


8 462


50


808


61


178


76


151


9


189


1 535


348


1


357


53


877




914


39 485


1


809




(D)




479


57


161


1


023


259


294


1


459


480


418




669


77


912


4


838


296


171


1


329


22


279



5.7
-2.3
-7.S



-5.9
1.1



22.3
4.6
1.7
2.5
6.9

-3.8
3.1

-1.7

-23.7

1.5

-11.0

24.6
17.9
12.6
-35.7
65.6



-10.1
36.9
92.0
72.6

120.4

29.2
(D)
18.9
32.3
15.7
43.6
(D)



4.3
13.3
22.0

-e.9



5.0
6.3



4.2
3.9

3.5

(NA)



18.0
13.9
14.6
54.6

-18.2
60.7

-10.5



- -2.9

-5.9

-37.5

8.8

-35.2

12.1

-24.7

(D)



-9.4
-34.3
-24.1
-39.5
-15.8
-35.6
4.2
1.6

-.2
-6.5
14.8
28.1



^Data are based on a sample of farms.

^Data for 1987 include cost of custom applications.

^Data for 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse.



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE



NEW MEXICO 1



Figure 1 . State Map



NEW MEXICO







U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS



2 NEW MEXICO



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE



Figure 2. Profile of state's Agriculture: 1987



1 to 49 acres

50 to 1 79 acres

1 80 to 499 acres

500 to 999 acres

1 ,000 to 1 ,999 acres

2,000 acres or more



36.0



j 152
13.0



9.4



7.9



185



Farms by size



Less than $2,500

$2,500 to $9,999

$10,000 to $49,999

$50,000 to $99,999

$100,000 to $249,999

$250,000 or more



35.8



24.6



ii^^i^^si^id^^-^



68
65



^4.9



Farms by value of
products sold



Less than $40,000

$40,000 to $99,999

$100,000 to $499,999

$500,000 to $999,999

$1 ,000,000 or more



174

_J 22 4



40.7



9.6



■^^m 9.9



Farms by value of
land and buildings



Other

Corporation

Partnership

Individual or family



1.4



5.3



96



Farms by type of
organization



83.7



Full owner

Part owner

Tenant




I 29 1



98



61



Operators by tenure



None
1 to 99 days

1 00 to 1 99 days

200 days or more

Not reported



" X'^ 36.9



108



34 6



5.9



Operators working
off farm



Farming
Other



'■■ 50.8



I I I I



49.2



Operators by
principal occupation



I I I L



_L



_L



_L



10 20 30 40 50 60

Percent of farms



70



80



90



100



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE



NEW MEXICO 3



Figure 3. Percent of Farms and of Value of Products Sold: 1987

Value of sales



Less than $10,000



$10,000 to $49,999



$50,000 to $99,999



$100,000 to $249,999



$250,000 to $499,999



$500,000 or more



2.1




13.6



12.6



22



21.5



60.4



Number of farms

Value of agricultural
products sold




70



Figure 4. Farms by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1959 to 1987



Thousands)




$100,000 or more
$40,000 to $99,999
$10,000 to $39,999
Less than $10,000





1959



1964



1969



1974
Census year



1978



1982



1987



4 NEW MEXICO



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE



Figure 5. Land Use: 1987



Land use
Total acres =46,0 18,005



Cropland



Pastureland and

rangeland

89.0%




Other cropland— cover, crops
failed, and summer fallow —
19.8%



Cropland idle.
12.4%

Other land

0-7% ^ , ^

Cropland

Cropland Pastured

5.0%

Woodland



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