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BOSTON PUBLIC L



LIC LIBRARY I^^^M

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3 9999 06398 586 3 M

■ i Census of
Agriculture



C3^\^-^/v.\[j^.^f



AC87-A-54



Volume 1

GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES



Part 54

Virgin Islands of
the United States

Area Data






V




&&



DEPOSIT




GOVERNMENT DOCUMEirTS DEPT
BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY
. 700 Boylstcn Street
: : Boston, MA 02117



U.S. Department of Commerce

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS



This report was prepared in the Agriculture Division. Many
divisions participated in the various activities of the 1 987 Agricul-
ture Census of the Virgin Islands: Economic Programming pre-
pared the computer programs, designed the computer system,
and installed the hardware; Field performed the clerical process-
ing; Geography developed the field maps; Data Preparation
assisted with the preparation of enumeration materials; Adminis-
trative Services provided the forms design and other administra-
tive services; Publication Services contributed in publication,
planning and design, editorial reviews, composition, and printing
procurement; data collection was under the direction of
Eric Dawson, Commissioner of Economic Development and



Agriculture of the Virgin Islands, under a special agreement with
the Census Bureau. The data collection activity was conducted
by census enumerators under the supervision of Godfrey Gor-
don, Project Leader.

Representatives of the Government of the Virgin Islands made
significant recommendations which helped establish data con-
tent and provided valuable advice during the planning stages of
the census.

Special tribute is paid to the many farm and ranch operators
who furnished the information requested. Only through their
cooperation was it possible to collect and publish the data in this
report.



If there are any questions concerning the statistics in this report call:

(301) 763-8555 Division Chief

(301) 763-8509 Outlying Areas Branch

(301) 763-1113 General Information



1987

Census of
Agriculture



AC87-A-54



Volume 1
GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES

Part 54

Virgin Islands of
the United States

Area Data



Issued May 1989







U.S. Department of Commerce
Robert A. Mosbacher, Secretary

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS




BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
C. L. Kincannon, Deputy Director



Charles A. Waite, Associate Director for

Economic Programs

Roger H. Bugenhagen, Assistant Director for

Economic and Agriculture Censuses

Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Chief,
Economic Census Staff

AGRICULTURE DIVISION
Charles P. Pautler, Jr., Chief



Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Census of agriculture (1987). Geographic area series.
1 987 census of agriculture. Geographic area series.

Includes indexes.

Supt. of Docs, no.: C 3.31/4:987/v.1

1. Agriculture— Economic aspects— United States-
Statistics. 2. Agriculture— Economic aspects— United
States — States— Statistics. 3. Agriculture — Economic
aspects — United States — Territories and possessions
—Statistics. I. United States. Bureau of the Census.
II. Title.
HD1769.C46 1987 338.1 '0973'021 88-600103



For sale by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.



CONTENTS



Page

Introduction V

Islands Map VII



TABLES

AREA DATA

1. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 1

2. Farms and Land in Farms by Size of Farm: 1987 and 1982 1

3. Tenure and Characteristics of Operators: 1987 and 1982 1

4. Farm Characteristics: 1987 and 1982 2

5. Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 and 1982 2

6. Selected Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 2

7. Forage, Field, and Vegetable Crops: 1987 and 1982 3

8. Fruits, Nuts, and Ornamental Plants and Other Nursery Products: 1987 and 1982 4

9. Livestock, Poultry, and Their Products: 1987 and 1982 5

ISLAND DATA

10. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use, by Islands: 1987 and 1982 6

11. Size of Farm by Islands: 1987 and 1982 6

12. Type of Organization, Labor Status, and Type of Holdings, by Islands: 1987 and 1982 7

13. Farms, Land in Farms, and Tenure of Operator, by Islands: 1987 and 1982 7

14. Forage, Field, and Vegetable Crops, by Islands: 1987 and 1982 8

15. Fruits, Nuts, and Ornamental Plants and Other Nursery Products, by Islands: 1987 and 1982 10

16. Livestock, Poultry, and Their Products, by Islands: 1987 and 1982 11

17. Selected Equipment and Specified Facilities by Tenure of Operator and Islands: 1987 and 1982 12

18. Selected Farm Production Expenses by Tenure of Operator and Islands: 1987 and 1982 13

19. Off-Farm Work by Tenure of Operator and Islands: 1987 and 1982 13

20. Operator Characteristics by Islands: 1987 and 1982 14

21. Type of Land Ownership and Value of Agricultural Products Sold by Islands: 1987 and 1982 14

SUMMARY DATA

22. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 15

23. Summary by Age of Operator: 1987 19

24. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 23

25. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 27

APPENDIXES

A. General Explanation A-1

B. Selected Data by Current and Prior Farm Definitions: 1987 and 1982 B-1

C. Report Form C-1

Index Index 1

Publication Program Inside back cover



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS III



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Boston Public Library



http://www.archive.org/details/1987censusofagri54unit



INTRODUCTION



Page

HISTORY V

USES OF THE CENSUS V

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED V

FARM DEFINITION V

COMPARABILITY OF DATA V

TABULAR PRESENTATION V

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES VI

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS VI

DOLLAR VALUES VI

INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES DATA VI

ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS VI

HISTORY

The 1987 census is the 1 1th census of agriculture of the
Virgin Islands. The first, taken in 1917, was a special
census authorized by the Secretary of Commerce. The
next agriculture census was taken in 1930 in conjunction
with the decennial census, a practice that continued every
10 years through 1960. The 1964 Census of Agriculture
was the first quinquennial (5-year) census to be taken in
the Virgin Islands. For the quinquennial census of 1969,
the data were collected in 1970 in conjunction with the
1970 Censuses of Population and Housing. The 1974
census was taken independently of any other censuses. In
1 976, Congress authorized the census of agriculture to be
taken for 1 978 and 1 982 to adjust the data reference year
to coincide with the 1982 Economic Censuses covering
manufacturing, mining, construction, retail trade, whole-
sale trade, service industries, and selected transportation
activities. After 1 982, the agriculture census reverted to a
5-year cycle to be taken covering years ending in "2" and
"7."



AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED

The 1987 Census of Agriculture was taken in accor-
dance with the provisions of Title 13, United States Code.
Sections 142(a) and 191 provide for a census of agricul-
ture every 5 years in each State, the District of Columbia,
Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands of the United
States. The census data for the Virgin Islands may be
collected by the Governor or a representative from his/her
staff to act as census supervisor, in accordance with a
Memorandum of Agreement prescribed or approved by the
Director of the Bureau of the Census.



FARM DEFINITION

The data presented in this report relate to places
qualifying as farms for census purposes. For the 1987
Census of Agriculture in the Virgin Islands, a farm was
defined as any place from which $100 or more of agricul-
tural products were sold or normally would have been sold
during the census year. This is a definitional change from
1 982. For 1 982, a farm was defined as a "place" of 3 acres
or more on which any field or forage crops were harvested
or vegetables were harvested for sale during the 1 2-month
period between July 1, 1982, and June 30, 1983, or on
which there was a combined total of 1 or more fruit or nut
trees or plants, any livestock, or 1 or more poultry at the
time of enumeration. Places of less than 3 acres were
counted as farms if their sales of agricultural products
between July 1, 1982, and June 30, 1983, amounted to at
least $100, or if they could normally be expected to
produce agricultural products in sufficient quantity to pro-
vide sales amounting to at least $100.

COMPARABILITY OF DATA



USES OF THE CENSUS

The census of agriculture is the recognized source of
statistics about the Virgin Island's agricultural production
and the only source of consistent, comparable data at the
island level. Census statistics are used to measure agri-
cultural production and to identify trends in an ever chang-
ing agricultural sector. Many local programs use census
data as a benchmark for designing and evaluating surveys.
Private industry uses census statistics to provide a more
effective production and distribution system for the agricul-
tural community.



Comparability of data from the 1 987 Census of Agricul-
ture in the Virgin Islands has been slightly affected by
improvements in the coverage of the operators' list and
improved techniques of training enumerators. In general,
data from the 1 987 census are comparable with those of
previous censuses.

TABULAR PRESENTATION

The detailed tables in this report give totals for St. Croix,
St. John, St. Thomas, and for the Virgin Islands, as a
whole.



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE



INTRODUCTION V



CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES

In keeping with the provisions of Title 13, United States
Code, no data are published that would disclose the
operations of an individual farm. However, the number of
farms in a given size category or other classification is not
considered a disclosure, so this information may be given
even though other information is withheld.

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS

Appendix A includes definitions and explanations of
selected terms used in the tables. Appendix B displays a
bridge table of selected items with the 1987 census data
by the new definition, and the 1 982 data by both the 1 987
definition and the 1982 definition. The 1987 report form is
shown in appendix C.

DOLLAR VALUES

All dollar values presented in this report are expressed
in current dollars, i.e., 1987 data are expressed in 1987
dollars and 1982 data in 1982 dollars. The dollar values
have not been adjusted for changes in price levels between
census years.



INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES
DATA



Inventories of livestock, poultry, and machinery and
equipment are the number on hand at the time of enumer-
ation. Crop production, crop and livestock sales, and
expense data are for the 12-month period between July 1,
1987, and June 30, 1988.



ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS



The following abbreviations and symbols are used through-
out the tables:



Represents zero.

(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual

farms.

(X) Not applicable.

(Z) Less than half of the unit shown.

(NA) Not available.



VI INTRODUCTION



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE



ISLAND MAP



THE VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES




BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
(U.K.)



LEGEND

* Capital underlined

All political boundaries are as of January I, 1980
International boundary representation is not
necessarily authoritative.



16 Kilometers




U.S. Department of Comn



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE



INTRODUCTION VII



Table 1. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982



[For enumeration periods,


see appendix A


and for meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]








Farms


1987


1982


Farms


1987


1982


Farms






267

17 785

66.6

85 120
20.9

206

1 899

200

608


259

17 778

68.6

85 120
20.9

201

1 569

196

690


Total cropland— Con.
Other

Pasture or grazing land - -

Woodland


farms..

acres..
farms..

acres..
farms


49

1 291

154

13 390

49

1 836

192

660










48


Average size of farm






879






148












38






acres 1 ..




acres__
farms


199


acres..


acres..


1 237



1 Detail may not add to total due to rounding.



Table 2. Farms and Land in Farms by Size of Farm: 1987 and 1982



[For enumeration periods, see appendi>


A; and for meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
















Farms


Total


Less
than 3
acres


3 to 9
acres


10 to 19
acres


20 to 49
acres


50 to 99
acres


100 to

174

acres


175 to
259

acres


260 to
499

acres


500 to

999

acres


1,000

acres or
more




number.1987..

1982..
1987..


267

259

100.0

100.0

17 785
17 778
100.0
100.0
66.6
68.6


80

75

30.0

29.0

112
(D)
.6
(D)
1.4
(D)


61
90

30.3
34.7

457
470
2.6
2.6
5.6
5.2


32

24

12.0

9.3

408
317
2.3
1.8
12.8
13.2


37

28

13.9

10.8

1 115
840
6.3
4.7
30.1
30.0


16
16
6.0
6.2

1 198
1 044
67
5.9
74.9
65.3


6
10
2.2
3.9

740

1 207

4.2

6.8

123.3

120.7


4

4

1.5

1.5

865
873
4.9
4.9
216.3
218.3


5
6

1.9
2.3

1 811

2 318
10.2
13.0

362.2
386.3


3
4

1.1
1.5

2 036

3 060
11.4
17.2

678.7
765.0


3

2

1.1




1982-


.8
9 045


Average size of farm


1982-
1987..

1982-.
_.. acres, 1987 _

1982-


(D)
50.9
(D)
3 015.0
(D)



1 Detail may not add to total due to rounding.



Table 3. Tenure and Characteristics of Operators: 1987 and 1982



[For enumeration periods, see appendi>


A; and for meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ]






Item


1987


1982


Item


1987


1982


TENURE OF OPERATOR


.farms..

acres 1 ..

farms..

acres 1 -_

- _ farms..

acres..
farms

acres. _

farms..

acres. .
farms -

acres. _


267

17 785

206

1 899

201

6 478

156

820

36

9 962

27

623

7

291

5

19

23

1 054

18

438


259

17 778

201

1 569

207
7 219

168
1 250

27

9 793

20

269

1
(D)

1
(D)

24
(D)

12
(D)


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS

Operators by place of residence:


189

78

25
27
50
165

166
11
90

1
19
34
63
65
85
57

159

14 542

108

3 243

94
173

13
8

15

18
119


209






50


Operators _ -

Total cropland _


Operators by years on present farm:


25
44
42
148




Operators by place of birth:


168
22


Total cropland


Operators by age group:
25 to 34 years


69

6
12
49
56


Total cropland




76
60

54




Operators by main occupation:
Agricultural number-
acres—

acres -.
Operators by days of work off farm:


115
15 259




acres. _


2 519




acres.,
acres. .


94
165
13






3






4






27




acres..




118









■Detail may not add to total due to rounding.



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- AREA DATA



VIRGIN ISLANDS 1



Table 4. Farm Characteristics: 1987 and 1982



[For enumeration periods, see appendix A; and for


meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]








Item


1987


1982


Item


1987


1982


LABOR STATUS








FARMS BY SPECIFIED FACILITIES-Con.










_ number


266


259


Wells


farms..


111


141






660


643




number. _


202


221


Unpaid labor _


__ .farms


247


239


Reporting no wells


farms


156


118




workers. _


14
19
43
66
212


5
(D)
29
(D)
225


FARMS BY TYPE OF HOLDING




44

223

31

3






workers. _

_ farms

workers..

farms




25 to 149 days _ __ -












150 days or more






7




workers. _


106
226


76
214






43

6

100






Dairy

Livestock _.




5




workers..


109


Less than 25 days


_ _. farms.


21


2


Poultry




3


5




workers..




(D)


Nursery




8


3


25 to 149 days


farms .


42


32


Mixed




29


10




workers


62


65


Other .






2




farms


51


49












workers _


136


(D)


FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION








Not reported


_ _ farms


1




individual




224


211


SELECTED EQUIPMENT




44
76
145


47
111
160


Partnership




15
16
12


31




Other

TYPE OF LAND OWNERSHIP




10


Motortrucks


number.,
farms..






number. _


174


219






267


259


Automobiles


.farms..


136


126






17 785


17 778




number. _


160


161


Owned __ ._ .


farms..
acres __


237
8 764


234

9 879


FARMS BY SPECIFIED FACILITIES








Rented from others


farms. _
acres..


59
9 940


51
8 439


Electricity _ —




228


224


Managed for others


farms


7


3






39


35






291


8


Piped running water

No piped running water


215
52


223

36






12
1 210


5


acres. .


547



Table 5. Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 and 1982

[For enumeration periods, see appendix A; and for meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]





Farms


Value
(dollars)


Item


Farms


Value
(dollars)




1987


1982


1987


1982


1987


1982


1987


1982




267
(X)

85
53
40
33

13
8
35


259
(X)

68
69

54
27

8
4
29


2 685 351
10 057

18 885
40 081
69 383
111 346

74 772

67 699
2 303 185


2 391 506
9 234

16 676
55 106

91 383

92 571

46 961

35 365

2 053 444


Sales by commodity group or product:
Forage, field, and vegetable crops


93
56
140
60

19

12
150

98
6
6

30
8


68
28
127
69

9
7
165
119
10
7
21
8


399 221
390 907
146 817
132 515

241 230
239 950
838 554
826 306
1 042 698
1 042 698
16 831
13 427




Average per farm


(D)

204 972


Farms by value of sales:




<D)




133 741




Ornamental plants and other nursery






89 700






89 200






705 629






695 819






922 830






922 475






315 586






312 245









Table 6. Selected Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982

[For enumeration periods, see appendix A; and for meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]



Item


Farms


Expenses
(dollars)


Item


Farms


Expenses
(dollars)




1987


1982


1987


1982


1987


1982


1987


1982




94
87
106
105

148
140


98
84
75
74

173
164


120 640

120 220

896 660

(D)

742 512
742 018


123 015

122 236

887 029

(D)

(D)
978 756


Insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides __
Expenses of $100 or more

Fertilizers and manure purchased

Expenses of $100 or more -


115
71

66
46
43
40


59
29

63

44
54
44


46 436
44 506

34 989
34 057
66 495
66 340


74 467


Expenses of $100 or more


73 196


Expenses of $100 or more

Feed purchased for livestock and poultry ...
Expenses of $100 or more


IP)

65 536

(D)




70 459







2 VIRGIN ISLANDS



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-AREA DATA



Table 7. Forage, Field, and Vegetable Crops: 1987 and 1982



[For enumeration periods, see appendix A


and for meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]








Crop


1987


1982


Crop


1987


1982


FORAGE CROPS








FIELD CROPS-Con.












12

5


10
3


Other field crops


farms-.

acres..


7
181


5






3


For cutting

For grazing

For cutting and grazing _ _ —




3


3




pounds harvested—


683 116


1 820




1


_


Sales


pounds


89 135


670


acres


1


-




dollars..


3 107


385










VEGETABLE CROPS












2
(D)
(D)
(D)


3
403
103
300


Cabbages

Sales


farms—

acres—
dollars .


13

3

1 849
























acres..


(D)


1






15

2

1 767


6




Sales


acres. _
dollars..








1 815


FIELD CROPS


farms..


43
(D)


42
17


Celery




20

3

8 475






S


acres. _


4




acres..










pounds harvested..


15 264


14 733


Cucumbers


. _ farms


14


20




pounds .


9 845


11 803




acres.


6


7




dollars..


5 120


5 761


Sales


_ dollars—


29 771


20 975






15

5

2 527


20

3

1 455


Eggplant — _
Sales - -


farms—

acres..
dollars..


33

6

14 741


24




acres..
pounds harvested..


8 513






1 065
765


699


Green beans - -


farms-
acres .


10
1






dollars..


2














2 342


4 810


Dry com




3
2 238


5
3 788






13
8


7
2




acres.,
pounds harvested..




acres..






1 560
989


1 246
573


Sales _ .

Okra—


dollars

farms..


36






dollars. .


26


Sorghum for grain


farms.,
acres-


1
(D)


:


Sales


acres. .
dollars


11
5 470


7
2 870




pounds harvested..


(D)


-


Onions


farms—


25


5




pounds.


(D)






acres—








dollars..


(D)


-


Sales -


dollars


16 288


51 450


Sweetpotatoes


...farms-
acres.,
pounds harvested..


36

8

7 918


35

9

10 035


Peppers .....
Sales


farms—

acres—
dollars


38

8

5 203


22

5

2 554


Sales .


pounds,.


3 676


6 960


Spinach . ._ .


farms-


15


5




dollars-


2 388


3 310




acres


3


2














25 056


4 398




















acres _.


2


2


Squash


farms—








pounds harvested .


1 610


1 720




acres—






Sales -


_ pounds..


452


1 110


Sales


dollars








dollars..


226


542


Tomatoes


farms—


24


23


Yams


farms

acres


17
3


22
5


Sales -


acres—
dollars .


16
113 664


8
33 710




pounds harvested..


3 582


7 165


Other vegetables


farms..


20


7


Sales .


_ pounds-


1 385


4 614




acres. .








dollars. _


827


2 935


Sales


dollars


68 836


40 261



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-AREA DATA



VIRGIN ISLANDS 3



Table 8. Fruits, Nuts, and Ornamental Plants and Other Nursery Products: 1987 and 1982



[For enumeration periods, see appendix A; and for meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ]



Crop



Crop



Land in bearing and nonhealing fruit trees and

plants farms.

acres .

Avocados farms.

trees not of bearing age-
trees of bearing age_
number harvested.

Sales number.

dollars.

Bananas farms.

hills not of bearing age-
hills of bearing age
bunches harvested.

Sales bunches.

dollars.

Coconuts farms.

trees not of bearing age-
trees of bearing age.
number harvested.

Sales number.

dollars.

Grapefruit farms.

trees not of bearing age.

trees of bearing age.

pounds harvested.

Sales pounds.

dollars.

Limes and lemons farms.

trees not of bearing age-
trees of bearing age.
pounds harvested.
Sales pounds-
dollars.



807


1 008


1 449


1 104


41 206


31 284


32 494


25 203


23 914


14 793


120


149


6 348


7 317


6 708


(D)


5 881


(D)


4 666


(D)


38 891


(D)


123


128


3 193


2 685


2 011


2 091


19 977


(D)


13 070


(D)


11 979


(D)


49


53


250


243


166


250


3 419


4 278


2 009


2 490


1 484


1 247


116


123


387


382


905


987


11 359


7 666


7 209


3 935


5 311


2 183



Mangoes farms.

trees not of bearing age.

trees of bearing age.

number harvested.

Sales number.

dollars.

Oranges farms.

trees not of bearing age.

trees of bearing age.

pounds harvested.

Sales pounds.

dollars.

Papayas farms.

trees not of bearing age-
trees of bearing age-
pounds harvested.
Sates pounds-
dollars.

Pineapples farms.

plants not of bearing age_.

plants of bearing age.

boxes harvested.

Sales boxes.

dollars.

Plantains farms.

trees not of bearing age.
trees of bearing age.
bunches harvested.

Sales bunches.

dollars.

Other fruits, nuts, and tree crops farms.

plants and trees not of bearing age.
plants and trees of bearing age-
number harvested.

Sales number.

dollars.

Ornamental plants and other nursery products farms.

sq ft under cover-
acres.
Sales dollars.



971


1 960


2 881


2 790


171 104


205 041


128 640


(D)


44 007


(D)


57


75


516


354


488


378


7 331


5 419


3 620


2 340


1 668


1 115


76


77


350


388


937


1 035


9 588


4 175


7 466


2 066


5 430


1 127



148


422


97


1 405


111


919


84


849


668


6 860


83


41


287


81


2 078


420


26 974


1 814


21 962


756


11 723


483


19


10


54 650


28 390


12


2


241 230


89 700



4 VIRGIN ISLANDS



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- AREA DATA



Table g. Livestock, Poultry, and Their Products: 1987 and 1982



[For enumeration periods, see appendi)


A; and for meaning of abbreviations and symbol


1 3 4 5 6 7

Online LibraryUnited States. Bureau of the Census1987 census of agriculture (Volume pt.54 Virgin Islands of U.S.) → online text (page 1 of 7)