United States. Bureau of the Census.

Manufacturing and mercantile resources and industries of the principal places in Wayne, Henry, Delaware and Randolph counties, Indiana : with a review of their manufacturing, mercantile and general business interests, advantageous location, &c, including a brief historical and statistical sketch of online

. (page 20 of 38)
Online LibraryUnited States. Bureau of the CensusManufacturing and mercantile resources and industries of the principal places in Wayne, Henry, Delaware and Randolph counties, Indiana : with a review of their manufacturing, mercantile and general business interests, advantageous location, &c, including a brief historical and statistical sketch of → online text (page 20 of 38)
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100 feet in dimension, and as agent for promi-
nent fire insurance companies, he represents
the following: ..Etna, of Hartford, Conn.;.
Underwriters Agency, of New York City;
Union Fire In. Co., of California; Franklin,
of Indianapolis; Howard, of New York, and
Germania, of New York.

Pork Packers.

This business was originally started about
11 years ago. In 1S75 it came into the hands
of the present company, which is formed from
two Boston houses — James W. Roberts & Co.
and Baldwin, Farnum & Co. The buildings
and grounds occupy a space of about two
acres and the annual transactions will aggre-
gate about $400,000.


Groceries, Broadway.
Commencing business in this city in 1S73.
with very moderate means, Mr. Wa_\ man de-
ter mined at the outset to command the re-poct
and patronage of his fellow citizens, by con-
ducting his establishment upon strict business
principles. Determined "to lead, rather than
compete." his stock, though small, was of the
best, and his prices the most reasonable con-
sistent with fair dealing. His trade from the
very beginning increased steadily until at the
present time his establishment is one ot the
leading ones of its class in Henry Co., and his
annual transactions range from $'^5,000 to $30,-
000. Mr. Way man occupies for the display and
storage of his extensive stock of staple and
fancy groceries two entire floors, each 25x125
feet "in dimensions, where four assistants are
regularly employed. The most perfect order
and system characterizes every department of
his business. His stock comprises the choicest
varieties of articles pertaining to this depart-
ment of commerce, selected by Mr. Wayman
expressly for his local trade. Mr. Wayman is
a native" and litelong resident of Indiana and



has by his own unaided efforts and strict atten-
tion to business risen from the lower rounds
■of the ladder to his present position at the head
•of one of the most extensive and important
•mercantile houses in this section of the state.

G. E. MAHIN & CO.,

Groceries and Bakery, East Broad

Among the growing and enterprising
houses for home and table supplies of the city,
is that of Messrs. G. E. Mahin & Co., on East
Broad St., where a salesroom .20x60 feet in
•dimensions, fitted up in a neat and attractive
metropolitan style, is stocked to its utmost
storage capacity with an admirably selected
.and desirable stock of fine family groceries,
teas, sugars, syrups, coffees, spices, fruits,
vegetables, provisions, notions, grocers' sun-
dries, canned goods and general merchandise
pertaining to this line for table and culinary
purposes. This representative house was es-
tablished July 17th, 1SS2, and although among
the' youngest of our business houses, it has
.already secured a large and steadily increasing
trade, its annual transactions at the present
time ranging from $10,000 to $15,000. The
individual members of the firm are G. E.
Mahin and his father, M. Mahin, the latter a
native of Ohio and the former of this county.

Bakery Department. — This house has
recently added a bakery to the increasing
business and will be prepared to supply the
-choicest fresh bread, buns, rolls, cakes, pies,
•etc. They employ one of the most expe-
rienced bakers in this section of the state and
will be prepared to supply families with the
best in the market in this line. They will
also supply promptly to order fine cakes for
■weddings or parties on short notice. They
will also furnish bread or cakes to grocers and
•dealers at all railroad towns within a radius of
50 miles at the most liberal terms.

They both devote their personal attention
to the management of their business and
•employ one assistant in the sales department.
Although the trade of this house is largely of
a local character, it numbers among its regu-
lar patrons many of the best families in the
surrounding towns of this and adjacent coun-


Saloon and Billiard Hall, South

Main St.

Mr. Keiser has been a resident of this city

for the past thirty years, and in various ways

connected with its mercantile interests. He

commenced business in his present location in

June, 1S81, conducting a general restaurant
and dining hall, continuing the business until
September of the same year, when he changed
the business to that in which he is now en-
gaged. The premises occupied embraces a
room 20x62 feet in dimensions, in which he

•conducts one of the best equipped bars to be
found in this section of the State, embracing

the choicest brands of foreign and American
products in old whiskeys, wines and liquors,
beer, ale, tobaccos and cigars. He has recent-
ly re-fitted his room, which contains one bill-
iard and two pool tables of the Brunswick &
Balke manufacture, known as the Monarch,
and keeps one of the most orderly houses,
patronized by traveling men and the best
class of citizens. Mr. Keiser is a native of
Switzerland, where he was born in 1S35, com-
ing to this country in 1S51 and soon after
seiect ; ng this citvas his place of residence.
He is a practical jeweler and for some years
devoted his attention to this business, erecting
the fine business block on Ea^t Broad St.,
now occupied by G. W. Hillock, and in his
long and honorable association with the busi-
ness interests of this city is justly entitled to
the notice here accorded.


Livery, Sale and Feed Stables, East
Broad St.
The city of New Castle contains many indi-
viduals who may appropriately be classed
among the representative self made men of
the day, but few whose career from infacy has
been attended with greater disadvantages in
manv respects or crowned with more gratify-
ing success than that of Mr. C. C. Colburn,
the subject of the present sketch and proprie-
tor of the well known and popular livery, feed,
and sale stables, located on East Broad St.
Born in North Carolina in 1S34, a slave, his
infancy was passed amid the depressing sur-
roundings of the old slavery days, but while
yet a boy he was permitted to breathe the air
of freedom, coming to Indiana in childhood,
nearly half a century ago, before he had suf-
fered' any of the inconveniences or disad-
vantages of the system under which he was
born. Reared and educated in the land of the
free, Mr. Colburn early in life determined to
achieve success, and his career has been char-
acterized by the exercise of those traits of in-
dustry, integrity and energy, which have met
their legitimate reward in the accumulation of
a handsome competency and a flourishing and
lucrative business. Mr. Colburn now owns
the house in which he resides, valued at not
less than $S,ooo, and also the commodious two
story brick stables 36x132 feet in dimensions,
with metal roof, in which his business is con-
ducted. He keeps from 10 to 12 fine horses
for livery purposes, with numerous stylish and
serviceable vehicles, and in his boarding and
sales department has ample accommodations
for 120 horses. Asadealerin trotting, family,
saddle and draft horses, Mr. Colburn has es-
tablished a reputation for reliability and strict
integrity which ensures for him the confidence
of all with whom he has had business trans-
actions. 1

Among the other more important firms do-
ing business are the following:

Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, Clothing and



Groceries:— Campbell Bros., Schrock &
Bundy, T. W. Phillips, J. C. McBride, R. D.
Goodwin & Co., T. R. Vattghan & Bro., G. R.
& W. H. Murphey, R. H. Barr, John Way-
nan, E. Kahn.

Grain, Hardware, Agricultural Im-
plements, Drugs, Wood Work, etc.: —
Davis Bros., W. W. Modlin, I. W. Pitman &
.Son, Smith & Shirk, Nixon & Son, Mark.

Davis, S. P. Jennings, Waldron & Maxin,
Harvey & Davis Bros., Bouslog & Ice.

Miscellaneous:— First National Bank,
New Cattle Carriage Works, Charles P. Mur-
phey, Jeweler; Kin>ey & Griffith, Marble
Works; John M. Mo'wrer, harness, Hocck
Bros., meals; Ernest Moore, musical merchan-
dise; Huddleston & Son, photos; Hall & Son
and L. W. & L. D. Needham, restaurants.


The flourishing little city of Knights-
town is situated on the banks of Blue
river and National Road, on the line of
the C, St. L. & P. R. R., and located in
Wayne township, which is in the south
west portion of Henry county.

For the purpose of preserving some
matters of interest, we give some im-
portant items relating to


Previous to the laying out of the town
a place known as "West Liberty had been
started near here, but has since entirely
faded away. Knightstown was first laid
out in 1827. Among the early settlers
we mention Mr. Waitsell, M. Cary, Dr.
Whitesell, Mr. Marts, Mr. Sanford, Levi
Stratton, Mr. Parker and M. F. Edwards.
The first house was built by Mr. Cary in
1827. Mr. James and Mr. Griffith es-
tablished the first general store, Mr. Levi
Stratton the first blacksmith shop, in
1829. The first postmaster was Mr. Mays.
The first newspaper was called The Indi-
ana Sun, started in 1832, published by

Grant & Mitchell. The first churcfc
building erected was the Presbyterian, ins-
1834, the society being formed the pre-
vious year. The M. E. Church building
was erected in 1837. Mr. Morris F. Ed-
wards built the first carriage built in this
county. Mr. Cary was the first hatter
and started the first hotel.


Knightstown contains a population of"
about 2,000 inhabitants, is situated in the
midst of a fine agricultural section of the
state and its busiuess houses embrace
every branch incident to the require-
ments, and enjoy a large and growing
trade. It contains a flourishing Academy,
woolen and flouring mills, and tile manu-
factories. There are about one hundred
business establishments of all descrip-
tions. Three hotels, seven churches an«B
fine public schools; one weekly paper, the
Banner, is ably edited and published bj-
Messrs. Deem & Brewington. The Den-
tal News, a monthly, is published by Dr.
T. P. Wagoner.


Grocery, South Jefferson St. and
West Side Public Square.
Mr. White conducts two establishments in
this line, one on South Jefferson St. and the
other on the Public Square, each establish-
ment being thoroughly stocked with the best
grades of home supplies. The average stock
carried amounts to 1'rom $3,000 to $5,000 and
embraces everything in the line of staple and
fancy groceries, provisions, seasonable pro-
duce, confectioneries, canned goods, tobaccos
cigars, notions, etc. The premises occupied
on Jefferson St. comprise two floors 22^x50
feet in dimensions, and everything about the
-establishment indicates order and system and

the most perfect business methods. His trade
is gradually increasing and already extendi,
throughout the city and distant adjoining:
country districts, amounting to an average off*
$:o,ooo annually. Three salesmen are re-
quired to tend to the wants of patrons and thL-
business will compare favorably with the inoit.
flourishing grocery houses of this section df
the state. Special' attention is given to securer
the purest and best grades of family supplies
and such as they can commend to their pi-
trons. Mr. White was born in this state ir>
1S4S, and his thorough knowledge of the re-
quirements of the trade has secured for this
house and its branch public confidence and
increasing patronage.




Dry Goods and Notions, Boots and
Shoes, Clothing, arc., Northwest
Cor. Main and Jefferson Sts.
Among the leading mercantile pursuits the
branches embraced in the stock carried by the
-above firm embrace in the aggregated trans-
.actlons a large capital and involve transactions
which largely effect the convenience and pros-
perity of all communities. The present firm
was organized and established its present busi-
ness, on the northwest corner of Main and
_JefFerson Sts., in April, 1S82. The premises
•occupied comprise a fine business room 20x1 15
feet in size and basement, while the stock
•embraces a full and general line of staple and
fancy dry goods, foreign and American dress
goods, of the newest patterns and styles,
selected with direct reference to the require-
ments of both city and country trade, carpets
-and oil cloths, domestic goods, hosiery and
.gloves, notions, etc; also a full stock of boots
and shoes for men, women, boys, misses or
children and hats and caps, while in the rear
is a special department for ready made cloth-
•ing for men or boys, trunks, valises, etc. The
"individual members of the firm are E. Wil-
liams and A. E. Carroll, both of whom give
4heir personal attention to the business, be-
sides giving employment to three assistants.
The annual transactions will aggregate about
$60,000, embracing both city and a large
•country trade. Mr. E. Williams is a native of
Indiana, born in Franklin County in 1S25.
He first engaged in business at Charlottsville,
Jnd, in 1849, coming to this city in 1S65.
Here he was engaged in the general dry goods
"trade under the firm name of Williams &
Woods. About two years later Mr. Woods
aretired, when the firm became Williams &
Hatfield, and afterwards Williams, Hatfield &
-Co., up to the time of forming the present
business relations. During a period of about
•eight years, up to the time of the change in
»the institution, he held the position of
Trustee of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans'
Home, near thiscitv. Mr. A. E. Carroll is a
native of Greene County, O., born in 1S53,
where he received his early education, first
-engaging in business at Charlottsville, Ind.
He came to this city in 1S7S, where he was
one of the firm of Williams, Hatfield & Co.,
■being associated with the house up to "the
.formation of the present firm.


Manufacturers of Farm Drain Tile.
The favorable location of Knightstown, both
as regards the supply of material and field for
trade, has made the enterprise carried on by
the firm whose name heads this sketch one of
the leading industries of this section. The en-
terprise was founded in March, iSS3, and the
-extent of their operations may be estimated
■when we mention the fact that their products
this season amount to $6,ooo. The clay best
•adapted to their business is found here and the

firm control six acres of ground. Two kilns,
one 23x24 feet in dimensions and 12 feet in
height, the other iqxiS feet in area and 12 feet
high, are used for their purpose and three large
drying sheds, the combined capacity of which
is 50,000 fire inch tile. One engine, 20 horse
power, is used, and a working force of ten
men is the usual number employed. Thev
consume 20 tons of coal per month and use
about 300 cords of wood in the season of seven
months, beginning with March. These works
are the largest of the kind in the country.


Groceries, Provisions, etc., No. 77
Main St.

Among the business houses of Knightstown
which have by the exercise of an honorable
and reliable business policy achieved an envia-
ble position among the business fraternity of
their adopted city, more than a passing notice
is due the establishment of Mr. Mills as a
depot of home supplies. Mr. Mills has been
identified with the mercantile growth of this
city for a period of iS years, the last five of
which were devoted to the grocery and pro-
vision business. The premises occupied for
business purposes embrace a commodious, well
lighted and completely stocked salesroom
20x150 feet in dimensions, inclusive of vard
and storage room in rear, and two competent
assistants divide with him the active duties of
the established and growing trade. He gives
special attention to securing the better* grades
of goods and of such extent and variety as to
suit all classes of purchasers. The trade of
the house is local and gradually increasing.
Mr. Mills is a native of Wales and was born
in 1840. He emigrated to this country when
quite young and came to Indiana 19 years ago
and was express and railroad agent here for
about 14 years. As an indication of the high
esteem in which he is held by the community,
it may be noticed that he is "at present repre-
senting the First Ward of this city in the City
Council, this being his fourth term. He en-
listed in August, 1S62, in the 95th Ohio and
was detailed as clerk for General Nelson's
Chief-of-Staff officer, Mills Kendrick.


Meat Market, Produce, etc., Wash-
ington St.
This old and reliable establishment was
opened about 15 years ago by Corwin i Wal-
ling. Upon the subsequent retirement of Mr.
Corwin, Mr. Walling had exclusive control of
the house until iSS2, when, upon the admit-
tance of his son, G. A , into partnership, the
firm became known by the present name of
Walling & Son. Their present storeroom is
26x26 feet in dimensions and is conveniently
and attractively arranged. Their slaughter
house is one of the best equipped in the state.
Two assistants are employed and a steam en-
gine and boiler are used in the manufacture of
sausage and for dressing meats. They dispose



of about 250 head of fat cattle and 150 head of
sheep annually, and about 300 hogs are
slaughtered during the cold season. Sir. O.
A. Walling conducts jointly with another a
farm of 100 acres, owned by Mr. Walling him-
self and lying near the city. Both the senior
and junior members of the firm are natives of
Ohio. The former was born in 1S31, the lat-
ter in 1S5S.


Commission Merchants and Dealers
in Grain, Seeds, Flour and Produce,
South Jefferson St., near Depot.
Among Knightstown's manufacturing and
commercial concerns, there are none occupy-
ing a higher position than the firm whose
name heads this editorial.. This firm have
had control of the Eagle Mills since April,
iSSo, having at that time succeeded the firm
of White & Corbin. Their mill, favorably
a conveniently located on the Blue River,
one-half mile north of town, was erected about
40 years ago by Ebenezer Goble. The water
supply is ample during the entire year, two
turbine wheels 48 inches in diametar being
kept in constant use. They furnish all the
motive power required to propel three run of
stone. Flour is made here by the new process
and it meets with a ready sale in this imme-
diate vicinity. The flour is of the finest qual-
ity and the capacity of the mill is about 30
barrels in 24 hours. A working force of three
hands is employed in the mill and both cus-
tom and merchant work is done. This, how-
ever, is but a diminutive part of the business
carried on by this firm. They conduct exten-
sive operations in grain and stock, having
pursued this department of their business here
for a period of 12 years. They handle about
250,000 bushels of grain annually and their
6tock transactions for 1SS2 amounted to not
less than $200,000. They have a storage
capacity for about 40,000 bushels of grain. In
addition to this the firm is associated with
grain operators at other points. Their trans-
actions in this connection are not included in
the amount given above. E. N. and T. B.
Wilkinson and Reuben Peden are the indi-
vidual members of the firm. They are old
residents of this state and are widely and
favorably known throughout this section.


The Cash Grocer, No. 7S Main St.
Among the mercantile pursuits of the thriv-
ing city of Knightstown, none are more de-
serving of mention than the establishment at
the above location, owned and controlled by
the gentleman whose name appears at the
head of this editorial. Mr. Morris has pur-
sued the grocery and provision business with
a more than ordinary decree of success for a
period of 14 years. During eight years of
this time he conducted the business on his
own account, the remaining six being occupied
in partnership business. His salesroom is

25x100 feet in dimensions and is filled to re-
pletion with as fine a stock of groceries and
provisions as any to be found in this section.
He employs three salesmen and his annual
business will amount to upwards of $40,00©-
The house is one of the best known in the-
county. It is recognized as the leading gro-
cery house of this section. Mr. Morris is a.
native of Indiana and was born in 1S51.

Lumber Manufacturers.
The firm of Forbes & Applegate, who, as
extensive manufacturers and dealers in this-
line, are entitled to favorable consideration in
these pages. This business was founded in
1SS1 under the firm name of Forbes, Apple-
gate & Co., but one year later a disastrous
boiler explosion destroyed their mill, after
which the company withdrew, leaving the
business in the hand's of the present managers-
The mill was at once rebuilt and is now one
of the best and most thoroughly equipped
mills in the state. A 40 horse power engine
supplies the motive power, and the capacity is
i6,oco feet of lumber per day. Their weekly
turn out of lumber is about* 24,000 feet. The
mill covers a ground area of 50XS0 feet, anaS
about three acres of adjoining ground is used
for yard and storage purposes. The firmi
makes a leading specialty of turning out fine
lumber for finishing work, such as ash, cherry,,
walnut, hickory, etc. This class of lumber m
sawed in such a way as to leave the natunS
grain of the wood as little impaired as possi-
ble, that it may show the finest possible finish
when oiled. Their hickory is shipped princi-
pally to wagon works and* is used for axle-s,
etc. Large shipments of ash lumber are
made to manufacturers of agricultural imple-
ments, this being the best wood in the market
for that purpose. Their fine cherry, quarter-
sawed oak and walnut lumber is shipped in
large quantities to Dayton, O., and other East-
ern markets. Robert' M. Forbes and Elijuih
Applegate are the individual members of tftie
firm. Mr. Forbes is a native of North Caras-
lina, but came West when a boy and is an did
resident ot this state. Mr. Applegate is .a
native of Ohio, but has resided in this statte
during the greater part of his life. The busi-
ness standing and general reputation of tibte
firm, as well as the honorable business methods
in which the business is conducted, entitles Bt
to the esteem and consideration of the com-


Harness Manufacturer, Main St.
This enterprising gentleman began business
as a manufacturer of and dealer in harness iin
Knightstown about 3oyears ago, and with the
exception of an interval of about six years,
has pursued the business ever since. lie i+- a
practical harness maker and can guarantiee
satisfaction in every particular. He occupies
a building 23^x40 feet in dimensions, and 'an.



addition to his personal attention, which is
devoted exclusively to this business, he em-
ploys an average of from one to two assist-
ants. He is prepared to manufacture double
carriage harness at from $30 to $75 per set,
single light harness at from $15 to $50, and
double work harness at from $22 to $44.
Every article is of uniform reliability, elegant
finish and substantial. Mr. Hoover is a native
of Maryland and was born in 1S2S. He has
resided in Indiana since 1S49 and has built up
a nourishing and lucrative trade, enjoying as
he does to-day a deservedly high standing in
trade circles.


Pianos and Organs, Sewing Ma-
chines, etc., South Jefferson St.
Mr. Overman established this house three
years ago and has succeeded, in that brief
time, in building up an extensive trade. He
keeps in stock a variety of organs that can not
be excelled in this section. The Ithica, N.
Y., organ, the Mason & Hamlin organ and
the Chase Organ Company's organs are han-
dled. These organs have obtained a reputa-
tion with regard to tone and wokmanship that
places them in the front rank among all or-
gans known to the trade. He handles pianos
in the interest of Theo. Pfafflin & Co., the
leading piano house of Indianapolis. The
ample facilities enjoyed by Mr. Overman
enables him to offer special inducements. His
trade in sewing machines is quite large. He
handles the Domestic and New Home ma-
chines. He makes a leading specialty of the
old favorite Domestic, however. His trade
extends through this and part of the adjoining
counties of Rush and Hancock. Fixtures and
repair work receive prompt attention. Mr.
Overman was born in this state in 1S52. His

Online LibraryUnited States. Bureau of the CensusManufacturing and mercantile resources and industries of the principal places in Wayne, Henry, Delaware and Randolph counties, Indiana : with a review of their manufacturing, mercantile and general business interests, advantageous location, &c, including a brief historical and statistical sketch of → online text (page 20 of 38)