United States. Bureau of the Census.

Manufacturing and mercantile resources and industries of the principal places in Wayne, Henry, Delaware and Randolph counties, Indiana : with a review of their manufacturing, mercantile and general business interests, advantageous location, &c, including a brief historical and statistical sketch of online

. (page 9 of 38)
Online LibraryUnited States. Bureau of the CensusManufacturing and mercantile resources and industries of the principal places in Wayne, Henry, Delaware and Randolph counties, Indiana : with a review of their manufacturing, mercantile and general business interests, advantageous location, &c, including a brief historical and statistical sketch of → online text (page 9 of 38)
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as County Commissioner and so acceptably
did he discharge the duties devolving upon
him that he was retained in office for more
than 15 years and peremptorily declined are-
election at the end oi that time. During the
noted John Morgan raid he raised a company
of volunteers, which were known as "Minute
Men" and designated as Company I, of the



6th Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Militia, of
whice company he was commissioned Captain
by the Governor of Indiana. Mr. Crawford
is also at the present time a stockholder in
the Richmond City Mill Works, no^ed else-
where, and a member of the Board of Direc-
tors of the First National Bank. As the
!. gitimate result of a well spent, prude.it and
judicious business career, characterized by a
strict adherence to the principles of integrity
ana honor, he has amassed a handsome com-
petency and established a reputation of which
he may justly feel proud. His son and pres-
ent business associate, Mr. John Y. Crawford,
is a native and lifelong resident of Wayne
County, where he was born in November,
1S35. He has been thoroughly educated to
the business in which he is engaged, having
spent more than 25 years in his father's store
in the capacity of clerk and partner.



EZRA SMITH & CO. MANUFACTUR-
ING ASSOCIATION,
Richmond Coffin and Casket Works,
Cor. Ninih and South A Sts.
This association, now one of the most ex-
tensive of its class in the West, was formed in
1S72 with a capital of $50,000, which has since
increased to $ico,coo. The premises occupied
for manufacturing purposes comprise three
spacious and substantial brick buildings, with
an aggregate floor space of 45,000 teet, and an
average force of 65 skilled and experienced
workmen are employed in the different depart-
ments, necessitating an annual disbursement
for the item of iabor alone of more than
Sao.oco. The works are equipped throughout
with special designs of improved machinery,
propelled by one 40 horse power engine and
boiler. The best stock, materials and trim-
mings are used in the manufacture ot more
than 30 different styles of fine solid and imita-
tion walnut and cloth covered caskets, fine
wood burial cases, etc. This company are
also exclusive agents in this section for Chap-
pell, Chase, Maxwell & Co.'s superior cloth
covered caskets, casket pedestals, etc., and
carry constantly in stock complete and com-
prehensive lines of undertakers' hardware,
trimmings, robe-, linings and general supplies,
which they are enabled to furnish to the trade
at rates as low as can beoffered by the leading
metropolitan establishments East or West.
Explanatory illustrated circulars are issued by
ciation, with price lists tbr the trade,
and will be sent to dealers upon application.
The demand for their products extends to all
sections of the Middle, Western ai d So
states, while the annual transact] >ns .. ex-
ceed $200,000. The officers ot '..._• association
a? ..: present organized are Ezra Smith, Presi-
d James Smith, Secretary and Treas-
ure'-. These gentlemen art both old residents
of this state and have been for many years

smtly identified, with the uevelc
and advancement of the ind uscrta! resources of
Richmond.



44



STATE OF INDIANA.



THOMAS NIXON,

Manufacturer of Manilla and Imi-
tation Manilla Paper; J. S. Ostran-
der, Manager.

Mr. Thomas Nixon, an extensive owner
and proprietor of paper mills at Dayton, O.,
and this city, has erected and is now conduct-
ing under the efficient management of Mr. J.
S. Ostrander a finely appointed factory on the
banks of the White Water River, a short dis-
tance from the city limits, for the manufac-
ture of manilla and imitation manilla paper.
The mill at this 'ocation was originally built
many years ago, but was destroyed by fire in
1871 and rebuilt upon a more extensive scale
by Mr. Nixon. The plant covers many acres
and the main building is a three story brick
structure 25x60 feet in dimensions, with an
"L" two stories in height and 25x40 feet in
size. There are two one story brick buildings
occupied as machine rooms, one being 25x60
feet and the other 24x100 feet in size. An-
other three story brick structure, 40x40 feet in
size, is used for the assorting department.
Other buildings are occupied as office, boiler
and engine rooms, stock rooms, etc. Both
steam and water power are utilized, the com-
bined force being rn horse power. An aver-
age force of 2S operatives is employed in the
various departments, necessitating the dis-
bursement of nearly $i,coo per month for the
item of labor alone. The paper manufactured
here is shipped to headquarters at Dayton, O.,
where it is manufactured into grocers' bags of
various sizes, from which point it is distributed
to various sections of the Union. The Rich-
mond factory is under the control and man-
agement of Mr. J. S. Ostrander, an experienced
paper maker, and to his etficient administration
may be attributed in a large degree the success
■which has attended this house.



RICHMOND BUSINESS COLLEGE &
TELEGRAPH INSTITUTE,
John K. Beck & Co., Propr.'s; N. E.
Cor. Main and Seventh Sts.
The business colleges of the present day,
■with their comprehensive systems of educa-
tion, sustain the same relations to the business
■world that medical colleges do to medicine,
law schools to modern jurisprudence or theo-
logical seminaries to the clerical profession.
Among the most successful and deservedly
popular educational institutions of Indiana,
the Richmond Business College and Tele-
graph Institute claims prominent recognition,
having, during a career of nearly a quarter of
a century, educated and fitted for business life
hundreds of young ladies and gentlemen, now
occupying responsible positions or engaged in
business on their own accounts in the princi-
pal cities of the Union. This institution dates
its inception from i860, when it was estab-
lished by William Purdy, who was succeeded
two years later by the firm ot Hollingsworth
& Gundry. In 1S76 the control of the college
passed into the hands of Prof. John K. Beck,
■who conducted it successfully until 1S82,



when Prof. O. E. Fulghum, an experienced
electrician and telegraph operator and instruc-
tor, was admitted to an interest in the busi-
ness. The college and institute is pleasantly
and eligibly located in the business center of
the city and occupies the greater portion of
two floors in the commodious brick structure,
corner of Main and Seventh Sts., where the
most ample facilities are enjoyed for the ac-
commodation of 150 students. The course of
studies in the commercial department em-
braces thorough and comprehensive theoretical
as well as practical instruction in the following
important brinches: book keeping, single and
double entry, plain and ornamental penman-
ship, commercial arithmetic, merchandising,
political economy, actual business, business
correspondence, commercial law, insurance,
banking, importing, forwarding, commission,
domestic and foreign compound company
business, manufacturing, railroading, steam-
boating, joint stock accounts. In the Tele-
graph Institute is taught everything necessary
to render pupils proficient in this useful art.
The proper preparation, nature and uses of the
chemicals employed, the construction and care
of the batteries, the use of switches, telegraphic
book-keeping, making out reports, transmitting
and receiving accurately and expeditiously by
sound, and in tact the entire routine," the
theory and practice of the operators' art. Stu-
dents of the Institute are also taught penman-
ship at the College free of charge. The
Institute is at all times open to visitors. Stu-
dents can enter either department of this
College or Institute at any time and the period
required to complete their education is regu-
lated solely by their application and capacity,
diplomas being awarded only to those who are
deemed thoroughly competent to fill the posi-
tions for which they have been educated. In
place of the methods in vogue at some col-
leges of copying exercises from books, students
are instructed by means of actual business
transactions, conducted on a veritable money
basis, and buy, sell, barter, consign, transact a
general banking business aud are taught the
entire routine of every branch of actual busi-
ness by individual experience as merchants,
bankers, agents, etc. Prof. John K. Beck,
upon whom devolves the general manage-
ment of the subordinate teachers and the
general control of the business college, has
had a practical experience of many years as
an instructor in the special branches of pen-
manship, book-keeping and commercial law
and thoroughly comprehends the duties of his
responsible position. He graduated with hon-
ors at Grundy's Business College, of Cincin-
nati, and at Dyrenfarth's Business College, of
Chicago, and since assuming the manage-
ment of the Richmond College has added
additional laurels to its reputation as one of
the most excellent colleges of its class in the
Union. Mr. O. E. Fulghum, manager of the
telegraphic department, has been connected
with some of the most important offices of the
leading telegraph lines in the United States.



CITY OF RICHMOND.



45



As an operator and electrician he is highly
endorsed by the leading business houses of
Richmond.



JOHNSON & WOODHURST,

Stoves, Tin and Sheet Iron, etc., No.
810 Main St.

One of the leading houses engaged in this
Important line of business is that of Messrs.
Johnson & Woodhurst, No. Sio Main St.,
which was originally established many years
ago by Messrs. Woodhurst & Eckel, who con-
ducted the business up to 1S72, at which time
the firm became Johnson, Woodhurst & Co.,
under which style the business was conducted
up to January, 1SS3, at which time the firm
name became as at present. The premises
occupied consist of a spacious and commo-
dious salesroom 1SX70 leet in size, besides a
shop for manufacturing pueposes, 25x50 feet in
dimensions. An average force of eight work-
men and / assistants are regularly employed
and the operations of this house embrace the
manufacture of all kinds of tin, copper and
sheet iron ware, galvanized iron cornice,
brackets and window caps, besides doing tin,
slate and iron roofing and general jobbing of
all kinds. In their salesroom they carry a
large variety and extensive stock of healing
and cooking stoves, ranges, furnaces and all
kinds of ware pertaining to this branch of
trade, and are the authorized agents for the
celebrated "Early Breakfast" cook stoves,
made by Red way & Burton, of Cincinnati,
and Kohller's hot air furnaces. The indi-
I vidual members of the firm are Peter Johnson
and Theodore Woodhurst. Mr. Johnson is a
native of New York State but has resided in
this city for a number of years. He was for-
merly a member of the firm of Nordyke &
Johnson and has been identified with this
branch of trade for over 30 years. Mr. Wood-
hurst was born in Ohio and has also had
many years experience in the business.



three skilled workmen in the custom depart-
ment, to which special attention is given.
The quality of material used as well as styles
and workmanship is guaranteed first class,
while neat and perfect fits are always assured.
It is conceded that no house in this depart-
ment of trade in Eastern Indiana enjoys more
ample facilities for the successful prosecution
of trade. Mr. Gilbert, the proprietor of this
house, is a native of Henry County, this state,
where he was born in 1S40. He has been en-
j gaged in his present iine of business in this
city for a period of 24 years. He is a practical
shoe man. understanding thoroughly all the
details of the business.



J. B. GILBERT,

Boots and Shoes, No. S20 Main St.
This is one of the leading houses in its line
here and was originally established by the
present proprietor over 16 years ago, and since
its first inception it has enjoyed an established
and gradually increasing trade, embracing
among its patrons many of the best families
in city and country, transacting at present a
business that is not surpassed by any similar
establishment in this section of the state and
extending throughout Wayne, Union, Jay and
Randolph counties, Ind., and Preble and
Darke counties, in Ohio. The salesroom oc-
cupied is 16x116 feet in size, in a substantial
brick building, and the stock carried embraces
a full and complete assortment of ladies', gen-
tlemen's, misses and children's boots and
shoes, ruhber goods, etc., of newest styles and
selected from the best and most reliable job-
bing houses in the country, while the annual
sales will reach a very large figure. From six
to eight assistants are employed, including



SAMUEL VANSANT,

Confectionery and Fruits, No. 1127

Main St.
This house was first established in 1S77 by
Mr. George Pioneer and was formerly located
at No. 35 North Eighth St., shortly after
which the name was changed to Pioneer &
Brownell, to whom succeeded Mr. Sol. Davis,
who was succeeded in turn by Mr. D. L.
Emeric, from which latter gentleman Mr.
Samuel Vansant purchased the business in
1SS3 and soon after removed to his present
location, where he owns the building and
grounds, and under his able and efficient man-
agement it has become an established success
and enjoys a liberal patronage from the best
class of citizens. The storeroom is 20x160
feet in dimensions and is fitted up in metropoli-
tan style, with ice cream parlors in the rear.
He carries in stock a fine and superior assort-
ment of pure French and American confec-
tionery, foreign and domestic fruits and nuts,
choice Havana and domestic cigars, tobaccos,
etc., which find liberal and popular recognition
from the lovers of those articles. Two com-
petent assistants are employed by Mr. Van-
sant, and he manufactures large quantities of
strictly pure confectionery for his own trade.
The ice cream parlors are handsomeLy and
tastefully appointed, affording those facilities
which are not only worthy of liberal public
consideration but also the full and extended
notice here accorded. He also keeps one of
the fine Arctic soda fountains for supplying
this delicious beverage during the summer
months. Mr. Vansant was born in Richmond
in 1S41 and has been engaged in mercantile
pursuits for over 20 years. As a business
man he has secured in a large degree the pub-
lic confidence.



NEWTON D. LITTLE,

Contractor and Builder.

Among the various industries which have a
a direct bearing upon the prosperity and pro-
gressive operations of the country, the occu-
pation of carpenter and builder holds a
prominent position. Mr. Newton D. Little is
a native of Washington County, O., but came
to this state about four years ago. He learned
his trade in this city and commenced business
on his own account in tS$3. He is a prac-



46



STATE OF INDIANA.



tical carpenter and builder and is prepared to
take contracts for every description of work in
this line and also does all kinds of job work'in
this department, guaranteeing promptness and
efficiency. H\> facilities enable him to com-
pete with any house in the city in quality of
work and prices.



A. J. PICKETT,

Real Estate and Loan' Bro"ker, No. 4

South Eighth St.
Mr. Pickett is a native of this city and was
born here in 1S40. His early life was spent in
agricultural pursuits, which he subsequently
abandoned to engage in his present business,
which he established in this city in connection
with Mr. Peter P. Kirn, the present County
Treasurer, in 1S79. At the election of Mr.
Kirn he established an office on his own ac-
count in his present location, where his trans-
actions have gradually grown in magnitude
and scope until the amount of business trans-
acted will aggregate between $500,000 and
$600,000 annually, including the value of
property and real estate handled. He controls
the sa'e of valuable farms in this and other
states, town lots, etc., and gives special atten-
tion to rent collections, the payment of taxes
for non-residents and to loans upon real estate
security. He occupies a commodious and
tastefully furnished office, located at No. 4
South Eighth St., and his many years of ex-
perience in ihis branch of business cannot fail
to secure for him liberal public consideration
for those interested in buying or selling real
estate, desiring to negotiate loans or to avail
themselves of the facilities he enjoys in other
departments of his business. Mr. Pickett's
father, Benjamin Picketts, came to this
county from North Carolina, January 1st, 1S0S.
At that time there was but one place where
goods were sold, by old John Smith,
whose store was a little low cabin and
the counter was boards on barrels. Mr. P.
resided in this county up to the time of his
death, in his ySth year.

G. W. RUSSELL & CO.,

Livery and Boarding Stable, Nos. 15

and 17 South Ninth St.
This well known and popular establishment
was inaugurated in the year 1870 by Mr. T. B.
French and in the course of time passed into
the hands of Mr. Henry Hiatt, to whom suc-
ceeded the present firm in 1SS0. The building
occupied is a fine two story structure, 47x154
feet in dimensions, can accommodate 60 horses
at one time and is one of the n.ost perfectly
arranged stables in the state. Besides a
general office on the south side.it has a ladies'
waiting room on the north side. The present
firm, since taking possession, has made many
remarkable improvements, until at the present
the stable is one of the leading institutions of
the kind in Eastern Indiana. Ten horses, all
first class roadsters, besides a number ot fine
top and open single and double buggies and
carriages, are kept for livery purposes, together



with a select variety of fine carriages, which
can be had at any hour of the day or night.
Four experienced hands are regularly em-
ployed and horses are boarded at the" most
reasonable rates, the best of care and attention
being paid to them, Mr. Russell giving his
personal supervision to this department of the
business. Carriages are supplied for parties,
festivals or funeral occasions and traveling
men conveyed to distant points on reasonable
terms. The stables are among the largest in
the city and the liberal patronage thev enjoy
will aggregate about $i2,coo. Mr. Russell,
the senior member of the firm, is an experi-
enced horseiran and was born in Chester
County, Pa., in 1S2S, coming to this citv in 1S5S.



J. A. CUNNINGHAM & SON.

Boots and Shoes, No. 529 Main St.
There is no house in the city in this line
that has established a better record, either as
to quality or price, than that of Mr. J. A. Cun-
ningham, located at No. 529 Main St. Mr.
Cunningham has been engaged in this trade
since 1S6S and in his present commodious and
centrally located quarters since 1S75, and dur-
ing the long intervening period since that
date has enjoyed a very successful and lucra-
tive trade, his aggregate sales at present aver-
aging from $25,000 to $50,000. Mr. Cunning-
ham conducted the business alone up to
January 1st, 1SS4, at which time his son,
Joseph \V. Cunningham, was admitted to
partnership and the present firm name adopted.
The premises occupied embrace a fine business
room 23x125 feet in dimensions, in which is
carried a large and extensive stock of the best
styles and makes of boots and shoes for ladies,
gentlemen and children's wear. His facilities
for securing his supplies from the best and
most reliable manufacturers and jobbers in
the country is not surpassed by any contem-
poraneous house East or West. From two to
four assistants are employed and the trans-
actions of this house will "bear favorable com-
parison in amount with any similar house in
this section ot the state. Mr. J. A. Cunning-
ham, the proprietor of this house, is a native
of England, where he was born in 1S33. He
was formerly engaged in busines in this city
with other parties. The honorable and
straightforward policy which characterizes the
business operations of this house, as well as
the extent of its commercial operations, justly
entitles it to the full and liberal notice here
accorded in a review of the commercial and
industrial operations of this city and state.



LOUIS RUNGE & SON,

Flour and Feed, 14 N. Seventh St.
This house was established by the present
proprietors about five years ago, since which
time it has enjoyed a trade that will compare
favorably with "that of any similar establish-
ment in the citv. The premises embrace a
commodious salesroom, -0x75 feet in size,
where can be found an excellent stock of the
leading brands of choice family fiour, grain,



CITY OF RICHMOND.



47



meal and feed, baled hay and straw. This |
firm enjoys the amplest facilities for procuring I
fresh supplies from first hands and keeping I
their stock always well aborted. One wagon [
is kept for the prompt delivery of goods to
patrons in all parts of the city, and the trade
of the house extends to all parts of the city ]
and surrounding country. The individual
members of the firm are Louis Runge and
John Runge. Mr. Louis Runge was born in
Germany in 1S29 and John, his sor., in Rich-
mond in iS^3 Both gentlemen are active,
enterprising business men and prompt and
reliable in all their dealings.



PETER HUSSON,

Union Bakery and Restaurant, No.
823 Main St.

Among the industrial occupations of this
city worthy of special mention is the bakery
and lunch room of Mr. Peter Husson, located
at No. S23 Main St. This gentleman first
started in business here in company with
Everett L. Davis, and afterward with Mr.
Landwehr, in 1SS2, under the firm name of
Husson & Co., which continued for about
eight months, when the co-partnership was
dissolved, Mr. Husson taking sole charge of
the business. Under his able and judicious
management the business has grown rapidly,
until the house now ranks among the first of
its class in the city and is the leading one
In this line, transacting an annual business of
about $44,000. Mr. Husson employs seven
experienced assistants, and by securing the
best quality of flour and furnishing his patrons
•with excellent bread, rolls, pies, cakes, etc., his
establishment has rapidly grown in trade and
popularity. In addition to supplying families
with choice bread, rolls, cakes, etc., he is pre-
pared to furnish fine pyramid and other fancy
cakes to order for weddings, parties or festival
occasions. A lunch room and regular dining
room are attached to the bakery, where patrons
and the public can always satisfy their wants
with lunch or -warm meals. Regular day
boarders are taken at liberal rates. Mr. Hus-
son was born in Germany in 1S52 and came to
the United States in 1S71. He has been a
resident of Richmond since 1S77, and having
established a large and lucrative trade, has be-
come thoroughly identified with the business
interests of this city and vicinity.

CHARLES S. FARNHAM,

Dealer in Lumber, Southwest Cor-
ner Tenth and North E Sts.
Possessing facilities unsurpassed by those of
any contemporaneous establishment of its
kind in the city, the house of Mr. Charles S.
Farnham is entitled to a large degree of con-
sideration in a review of the representative
commercial institutions of this city and state.
This establishment had its origin some years
ago by Mr. Benjamin Johnson, who was suc-
ceeded by the firm of Hopkins & Farnham,
under whose management it continued until
1S77, when Mr. Hopkins retired and the pres-



ent proprietor assumed the entire control-
The office and yard room at the above named
location embraces an area of 2:0x150 feet,
where an immense stock of about 1 ,000,000
feet of lumber is kept constantly on hand, in-
cluding both rou^h and dressed lumber, heavy
framing timbers, fencing posts, flooring, siding,
shingles, laths, doors, frames, sash, blinds etc.
In the busy season from six to ten hands ire
regularly employed and the trade of this house
extend- throughout this city a-nd the adj
towns within a radius of ^6 miles. Mr. Farn-
ham is a native of New York, where he was
born in 1S41. He has been a resident of Rich
mond for the past iS years, during the greater
portion of which time he has been engaged in
this branch of commercial enterprise.

S. R. LIPPINCOTT,

Undertaker and Funeral Director,
Office and Residence, No. 20 North
Ninth St.
This gentleman established himself at his
present location, No. 20 North Ninth St.,
about five years ago and gives prompt per-
sonal attention to all the requirements of this
department, in which he has secured liberal



Online LibraryUnited States. Bureau of the CensusManufacturing and mercantile resources and industries of the principal places in Wayne, Henry, Delaware and Randolph counties, Indiana : with a review of their manufacturing, mercantile and general business interests, advantageous location, &c, including a brief historical and statistical sketch of → online text (page 9 of 38)