United States. Bureau of the Census.

Wrigley's Saskatchewan directory, 1921/22 (Volume yr.1921-1922, pt.1) online

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Gc

971. 2h
W93V
1921/22
l«10S^-2



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL
GENEALOGY COLLECTION



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3 1833 02644 5707
Gc 971.24 W934 Pt. 1

Wrigl-Ey's Saskatchewan
directory^ 1921/22



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center



http://www.archive.org/details/wrigleyssaskatch1921221vanc



'



>






a I (PiTN'^J^N'^Sgiyr'^miiiiii!! iiiiiininiiii iininniiii nTnTr^ y^^^Vi^^O qjTTmmnTTTTTTrm i iiiiiiiMi^ 'i|'lHj^ - y%^^-^(fe^-fjfel]'



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|" ^^^^,^< ^i^ ^^^Q>;aiiiMi diiiiiiiiMi' imiiiiiiiii iiD^^jrVjgiO^'x^ji^iMa nmiimini umiiMimii iinij?irT>^^^?'^'>4?<^S^



VOLUME ONE



\Q2.\-2.2. ft- ^ TEN DOLLARS



' PRESENTING

YEAR BOOK OF SASKATCHEWAN

A COMPILATION OF THE WONDERFUL RESOURCES

OF THE PROVINCE. SUMMARIZED FROM OFFICIAL

SOURCES.

Gazetteer & Alphabetical Directory

DESCRIBING 2117 CITIES. TOWNS. VILLAGES AND
SETTLEMENTS. SHOWING BUSINESS AND PROFES-
SIONAL FIRMS AND LEADING CITIZENS. INCLUDING
A LIST CF TRADE-NAMED ARTICLES MANUFACTURE
ED OR REPRESENTED IN SASKATCHEWAN.

CLASSIFIED BUSINESS DIRECTORY

EMBRACING A STANDARD INDEX OF THE BUSINESS
INTERESTS OF THE 1-RC,VINCE LISTED UNDER
600 CLASSIFICATIONS '."ONST I TU T I NG A COM-
PLETE AND AUTHORITATIVE BUYERS INDEX USED

BY DOMINION .^ h: D /TOOS' I Ni : AL ' GO VERN M ENTS.
CANADIAN TPACE COM M I S3 .0,\ ER5.,. PURCHASING
AGENTS. IMPORTERS AND EXPORTERS. COPIES

OF T:i|3 EI.^ECTCP-.' APE PLi^CFD GEN-JPAILY IN
LARGER Cji'LS T H R O U 3 I ;■ C> 'j T .THE ■WORLD.

SUBSCRIPTION: TEN DOLLARS

PUBLISHED BY

VVRIGLEy DIRECTORIES, LIMITED



198 Hastings W.
VANCOUVER



D. C. Nixon, Ltd.

205 Main St. W.

MOOSE JAW



O Box 1548.
CALGARY



3. BOX 152.
REGINA



123 Bay St.
TORONTO



Sales Agents in Saskatchewan;

Canada Drug & Book Co.,

1925 S. Rmlway.

REGINA



Hazen-Twiss Ltd.

240 22nd St, E.

SASKATOON



b| [ffl^^|^|i^^^_^j?^^^2^^^jiii!EnB dCis^nria . niim^^^i^il^^






1810842



F Wrigley's Saskutehowaii directory, 1921/22-

8235 V. 1- Vancouver, J3. C. [CtC] "Wriglcy directories,

,98 limited [1921]-

|v. front., illus. 23^"".

Includes three sections: Year book, gazetteer and alphabetical director)',
and classified business directory.



1. Saskatchewan— Direcj:. 2. Saskatchewan — Descr. & trav.— Gazetteers.
3. Saskatchewan-^KegiTters.



Library of Congress ( \ F1071..A.I8

BhLif CRD [2]



o



PO Box 2270

^^"^^^m. IN 46801.2270



^5S . .^



-Ix^OTT "\ " i INDEX TO CONTENTS



t



Index to Contents



CUissilicil liiroctory



831



Index to Advertisers



Asnuitli— Mitrh.-U. AV. (J.



4 Ci-fiif.-n— fl'LWl.T, A -":i



.x'^sj„ib,„n— \ssinilinia JCuMiit"'-/; fo^.-'tTI^ '. " -f ►rvi, fwU JU lUrtu- .*c Klova tor (. o.

" ^\^-llstrl•, c. H ^.•- -'—-.••,•':->•:■ "*:'? : :'- ':•••':

',.''.. - •• ITMillr'y— T^nTi'lli' I'.n.s 210

Ralffonio — RikIiv. O.-idd .^- Co S2 1 1 imilx.M l I'Uz.-l. tl.Tiiiaii B 2- t

I'.attleford— H.itll.-foi-d r,arai;e St

" CuniiitiKli:iin, A. <; S-! indiim I 1 ca d — 1 Mi-lvsoii, Ainlrrw 230

" riiion <;arai;e - 231)

Kfllilwr — Havidsoii ^>;- :\rcX.-ill 241!

KiiuU-rsh-y — Stewart r.and Co. Ltd 250



Colonsay — TioTi^or C,araf,'i^ 12S

Craik— ("raik Scrvi.'e Co., Ltd 134 K-fimwr— 1 >avidsoii \-_ :\ro.\.-ill ^. ._._ 24-



K.stovan — Kstovan Coal & Hrick Co.,

l,td Side lines and cover LanRenlnir.u — Lanpenburff C.ara.Cf •-';-

" i:stevan Mercurv IfiS I^ashlnirn — Lowery. AV. AV 2M

" RIanlovo .t l^annatyne lt'>8 Lipton — McKwen, Erie 2,o

" Prairie Xurseries Ltd

...Side lines and cover :MacUlin— Bnsiin^H.s KxelianRe 287

" Kn-scll Carai;.. 2SS

Foam Lake — Alibott, A. II ISO Ma id.^t(.m— -F.'.^t.'r, .lanl.■.•^ U 2;iO

Midfort — Canadian Motor < V. 30 1

300

310'



Cnvan— Rru.dler Uro.s lOS "Melfort .L.nrnal .-.._-

" ITairi.' N.ws TJi! M.lvilU — Kin.;; C.-.^riic lloltd



Pase I

Parliament Huildins.s at Regina 4 ■(

Map of Saskatchewan '. 8 '

Survey of Provincial Development , 'J

Early History of Saskatchewan 11

Executive Council 12 aiul 4:; ,

Legislative Assembly 13

Agriculture 13 and 4G

Education 17, 4 5 and 53

University '. 22 and 53

Temperance Act : 22 and 50

Department of Highways 25 and 40

Municipal Affairs 2S and u2

Department of Labor and Industries 28 and 53 JJ

Natural Resources ; ""

Women and Their Interests -il

Saskatchewan Sanitarium Qu'Appelle Section and 35

Bureau of Public Health "0 and 52

Saskatchewan's Telephone System 29 and 5l' ^•

Department of the Attcn-ney-Ceneral - 1"

Judicial and Land Registry Districts ^8

Provincial Police ^''

Rural Municipalities - ^"^

List of Directory Abbreviations •"''>

Alphabetical Directory "l j



>

Saskatchewan firms can supplv practically every renuirement of its citizens, and of .j

the travellin.g public, within its bord.M-.s— in fact the produ.-ts of an in.Tcasing number or -

Saskatchewan (irms is now l.ieing shipped_outsi_de the I'rovincc |

nrV IX S \SK VTCIllCAVAX. Ri'fcr to:£U5 toUowing list of representative Saskntclie- |

wan lirnis and also to the Classiticd Se\,'tt<rn: :Uid place your ord.-rs willi .Saskatc-hewan |

firms Va'nies in 1h,M .lisplay type pay for this special listin.t;-, Unis iiidicatiiig tliat They ,-

especially .<oli.Mt your e, amines. ^_,.^ ...^ y. '^o'flh'^ S

'•-•"•VasJe*^""!'*'"^'^ '^^' Pagt



"<!. ' INDEX TO ADVERTISERS

<:



iloo'^o Jaw— Assinil)oia Jewelry & RcKina— lienina Traamt? Co., Ltd ot.C

jlvisio Co 322 •• Jtose, Arlliur, J.til r)70

■• Hill's Motor Sorvice Ltd ;i2f) " i^asUa tell.' wan Co-op. Creameries,

•• l:rnnswick Hotel 320 Ltd , ..Side lines

•• Cushinb', H. L., Millwork Co., Ltd. " Saskateliewan Courier 1 iil)lisliiiiK

Side lines Co., Ltd 'J-

•• KniDress Hotel Ltd 334 " S:iskatcliewan Motor Co., Ltd u/1

■• Krost liros 331 " Smith Bros. c<r Wilson Ltd

" Husband & MeArthur 33 1 ;v; -.•^''^'''t !',"^'"'^ ron

" Imperial Lumber Yards Ltd 3 12 " Smith, Davidson & A^ rmlit. Ltd ..x

" t.onev lOdward O - 34C " United Tyi)ewriter Co., Ltd jJi)

" .McManus C V - 318 " AVaterman-Wa terbury Mfv;. Co. Ltd. 2

•• Manley & Slater 318 " AVilliams, It. II., Xr Sons. Ltd

" Moos.' Jaw Auto Supply Co.. Ltd. 359 Inside baek cover ^^

" Moose Jaw Sa.sh & Door Manufao- ■■ Wilson ><,- Wilson, Ltd •;■ «

turinff Co., Ltd Side lines " Wood, Vallance Ltd -. - - 'ji'lJ

•• r.nval C.eorK-e Hotel 35S " W',,ollatl, II. W Side lines

" Cnion Transfer 364 " A\-riKlit, .1. A -;: - ;: *'""

" -Windsor Hotel .„ 348 " Younu', Alex., Lt.l bide lines

Moosomin—nroadwav Garage 3fi8 Loc-invi lie— Hoeanville lieeord •■I'S

I •' C^ieens Ilolel 370 liosi-town — MePoup^ald, Wallai'C t) i -

1 ^J.' M;;r;:^^;c:u?c;:':.::;::::;:::::;:::::::::;::::: 3?^ s.skatoo,, lyand.n, james..side imes

» " ("aims. .lolin. iV ( o "-"^

! v,.,...„;„__T.,,„i,...,>„ T T ;!S- ■•('larr, W. II ■ -. ^11.



N'lUoniis — Jamii'son. .T. T. -. 382



(■(.Ui.T's Mil.-.;!.- llous.' -Side Mil.



North nattlH-ord-N.rth Hattl.ford .. V^anm^d to'n. ^^ ..;;.mi,.aV.-o. Ltd. .70

- cnr::;ry;,ppiy Co:.- Ltd. :::;:::;:;;;■:::■:: ni., ;; saskat,.,,,, i-.;;i-^;vo,.ks Ltd. _. .s,

> •■ W-t,.rn Construcdion (V,., Ltd 395 „ ^-|-[;;;;;] ':::^;^l.'y"..;:::::sid,- -lines



jT " Saskatoon Aurscry .^nu-

1 oxbow-naird * H,.nn,.tt 40, ;; ^-;; -•flj-':; J/ -v^o:- ..-.■.-.:-■.':''.



standard Trusts Co
]-,.rdue-Ueid, H. J 410 " Htorr & Olliee Fixtur-s (^



Sidi' lines



Ponteix — Wilfrid, C.iroux 410 m,l,. lines

I'rinee Albert— P.radsbaw Aseneies Ltd 422 'lanner . L. ( o., Ltd. . Si.u uul..



Central Hotel & Cafe ...'... 424 Senians— Adam Hro.-.

Fowlie, John S 428 Shaunavon— I'.nrr,., Jack. M.i.h. Sh-.p



Cilmore Ice Co

" Herald Printing Co. Ltd. ..Side lines



I'l \j\ " lafshitz, Joel

lit • \ " Morton. Nelson W.
:!f t \" New Victoria Cafe



432 Sinlaluta — Sintaliita Times

Swift Ciirreiit - t '"Plicr, W. W., «"(
.Cio " lOmiua-ss 1 Intel

43G
4 4



rthc-n <'artafle Co.-,- Ltd.-:::::!':-;:::; 438 ■■ MacWiUiam>^ Hni-dcn



.* ..- " due .Xerlhern :\Iillimi- Co., Ltd. " Mn.''



t X _ Inside back cov,-r "m-N,,!, latrieK J.



t



Imperial Hunk of Canada

Inside back cover



!^



1 Xerlh St.ir Prilliim- Co., Ltd

Ji- " .Xorlhern Tnisls i 'u.

" I illiee Speeia II V M 1:;. Co., Hid

"' " i'arisiaii !>>.■ Wuiks Side 'im-s

. " Parsons l'",n;;inei-i ing Co.

f-" Powles, (I. H

^" Peprina Cobl Storage i^- l''orua ing

^ Co.. Ltd

" He.L- ina l'"oniidr\- Ltd.



.5.. 4

,5,". 1 CaU;


ry, .\Ila.. .<•;
\. Siippl.v C


l:;arv
... Hid


H.illi.ird T.ilde


Tm-o


11. 1, out. I le


cliin's


.\niiiial


r.l;.. Van,


mver, HI'. 1
C... Htd.


•.tiiadi


in i.Jiie.-n :\Tf!4.
.. Sid.' lines


.'. i; 1


ipei;. Maii.-
l.I.I. Hack


Wig;-

Cil\er


ins S\stems
and siib- lin.'S



■14



3S



It \V.'St Inip.irting Co., Ltd 739

.Macil,.n;iliHfrawford Htd ; P'



74 2



1 \afe .\s.^urani-e Co 7^-t



74 4
7 It



Patriote de L'Ouest - 410 " Smi tli, \\ . \\ .. A ^ eiio

Prince Albert Kind Co.. Ltd - 438 " Standard Lle.^tnc o .-.■^. -.-■-;■;:: 7, s

Prinee Albert Mineral Water Co.. ■' Swilt '"■■'■'■" '""^'.^^.^''VhI 7 8

,j,^ Sid.' liii.'S Swilt Current (.n.cery Co., Ltd ii''

Safelv Storae.e iSL- 1 dstribii t i iig 1 '..., \', ,.,\. s;i, ,.,,,,• (;.■.. ""-

:) Ltd 438 \oii,l,e-Slo.,ii..

; ■ " Stn.-irl, Win 4 14 \V;i,lena — Wr.'c.le, L.'on.ard .. . ' cl

I " \-|.l.l.ng. <). A I 10 W;ip..|l-i- .\iil.i S.Tvi.-.' Carag.' ■ ^''

" Will, Ceorj^e, Ltd - 4tS wal.-en — Pea. Wm. 1'' '^"

; A\-evburn — Canadian Investm.-at Ce.

■« Radissnii— Radissoii Milling Co., I-td. 4."i4 ],t,l Sublimes

Uegina — Armstroiig-laman Agency Ltd " K-rist.ns.m. <>. 10 Sid.. lin.'S

_ _.()utsid<- c.iN'.r " Sti.\\:irt, ,1. C Si.le liii.'S

Regina— Blewitt, C. M - 47l» ■• sue. 'e.-s Hnsiness College Sid.- lines ^

< " H.rook i>i Allison Side lines W li i tewood— H. u lion i<: lO.lwards .Js

X " Huffalo C.>al \- Snpplv Co 470

" Capital Ice C,i.. Lt.l 1^2

i " i-apil..l I'll.,!.. Sni.lio -.- -1^2

: " Cait.T-llal!s-.\ldiiiger Co. Ltd 4 S :; " Pmn

{ •' Cll.l.li.', II. (1 490



Yell.iw Cras.s— Coepcr X; S. 'arrow

Sid.- lines

Harare-.; Hl^

lam.-s M ^]-

Yoila..ii.-H.alm.>ral IbiP-I



SI 1



^'oi kteii — C-ntr.i I C.arag.- ^-1



■■ Kilroe's Studio . .._ 521 ■■f;uy. (..I

1 ■' King's Hot. -1 - 520 - Ilugirs Machine Shop S18

' " Ta-ader Publishing Co., Ltil 528 " I'awl.tl. l-r;Micis_ •^ -

; " Mclnnis. J. I< Sidelines ■■ Hni t.-.l l-.h-el vie ( ii _ ■ -■

' " McLaughlin .M..t..r 1 "ar C..., Hfl 538 " V'O-kl.m .\ut.. \- i.arau'e (.1 ■ - ^

i '• Magneto S.-rvic- Stalieii HI. 1 Younu-Hawr.-iiee, Stuart b ^-«

* Side lines

"My Wardrobe - 550 A 1 )V i: HTI Si: 1 HS (U'TSII'l-:

" Xay X- James Side lines S.\ SK'.NTi "I I i: W.\ .N



lO/v]



1021



Mf/tp/z.^,



-5?



55



■^^ Province. OF

SASKATCHEWAN

Prepared Spcaa/Jy
for
-J[Vri^le^ DineclorieslM,










52.



5i




UN I T E D



I04j



S T AtT E\S

■ - . THE MAP CO

ICnl TORONTO




SASKATCHEWAN



A Survey of the topography, climate, resources, industries, transportation and

communication and institutional services of the Province

of Saskatchewan.

By W. A. MacLeod, Editor of Publications, Parliament Building's, RL\uina.



The Proviiire of Sa.sk;i tc'howan lies in the wihmIs are iti 1'i.Tinr ami inaceesiMe, Imt the

centre of the \\'eslcrn Caiiailian Prairies, total ana of I'orost laieis of cuiiiinereia 1

and comiiriscs the lion's share of lli.'ir jjossibilitirs is est iiiia ti-d at .'■4,tMM) s.iuari.-

choicest lands. Tho south'-rly boundary of miles, uitli an available himhir suppU' es-

the province is tl:i- -I'Uh iiaralhd uf North tiniated at brtwr.ii fii;ht and fourtet n liil-

hititude, which is also the international lion fr.-t.

boundary line betweon Canada and the Tho fact that the ;• rowt h oi t he pro vi m-e

I'nited .States. 'rhf Stat.\s of Xi.rth 1 >a- cf Saskatchewan has be.ii smiml ami

kiita and Montana are innm-(l ia le| \- adja- healHi\, ah^ni; s.iiie ami prot;ressive lines,

cent to this line. The m.rlhei-l.\ li.mn- (ann.H he i.m, sli-miKly einplia s:/..m1. A\h. -

dar\- of the ijro\inee is tlie Ciith parallel. ther in i:asti-rn Canada, or in lie- (dd land,

so that the provinei' extends o\er 11 dc - tlmse who lia\i- not bei'ii west themsidves

Krees of latitude, measuring "til miles in ton id'tc-n ha\e in tlieir minds a pietnre uf

length, and in width :i'.m miles at the sou- tlie Saskatehewan of I'.oi.'j w lun the lu'o-

tliern hound.ary to oiJG miles at llie m>r- vince was Ina u.mira ted, rather than any

thern. detinite idea id the iii-o\im-e toda.\- after



niarl,\- sixl.'en .\ears of i)i-o.uress and ex-
li;insinn in e\er\- direction. Tliere is in
their rjiinds a picturi' of a bald .expanse,
whei-i- br.iw ii\- Settlers, nuire er less nn-
ciuith. raise lariu- quantities ol' wheat niider
i-mie and barel.v ei\iliz.-d conditions. The-
Indian, the r,,\c:lf. the wolf ;nid the hear;
l.uie.><emeiiess. hard liNiim ^nd niu'emi tl inu'
li.il; drab livis nm-elie\ed b,\ an.\- soeia.l
cu- artistie a ineriities— these and thini:s like
Of the total laml area of Saskatehewan, tluni still m.-ke the principal c.oiu'ept ions



The area of the jjrovince is 2."il,700 s.jnare
miles. Vi this area S,:5J'J miles are cov-
ered by water. leavini;- 2i:k3Sl square
miles of land. Tlu- pr.ivince exceeds in
extent an\ fhn-op'an count r\- except lins-
sia, is more than double the conddmal ai'ea
of Enj;land, Wales, Scotlaml ami Irelaml,
more than (kiuble the size nf ltal.\. and
more tlian twetit.v times that of I'.iduium.



ninet.\-four millii



■res lia\e been pvitiin- in llie mimis e f man\- |>e«ude when they



d.-r cultivation. While tlie whole .,f th



thiidv (d' th



,at k'anadian West, and ask
thern iiart cd' Sa ska t .-hew a n and tin w I'St- tlumseUes wlu'lier they :iii- lu'eiiared t •
lU'u part of the juovim-e frn'm a'l alnmsl throw in their |..t with it. and all that it
unbroken tract of ipr.airu' eo
m'.irl.x liui.tuui square miles I'f
I'ie, a wide area of I lie iiert ii

IS well woe. led. Ill the e \ t le I n



.\ with me:, IIS ami re|u-e.~4,.|it s. That this slnuild

n lu'ai- In- S.I is II. >l .1 matter ..f .- urpris.-. luit fr.uu

^.eli.m a .Sa skalch.-w a 11 puiiil i.f vi.-w it isc.-rtainly

r! h t li.' a 111. I t l.r et r.cret.



10



SASKATCHEWAN'S VARIED RESOURCES



Put briefly, it may be added that Sas-
katcliewan is no longer in a formative
stage. It no longer asks for considera-
tion on tlic ground of youtli, or inexperi-
ence, or crude conditions whicli reriuire
time to overcome, but whetlier in educa-
tion. Industry, production, the conveniences
as well as the necessities of life and the
standards of living or of hapv^iness gener-
ally, it challenges a fair and reasonal)le
comparison ^vith the provinces of older
date.

The formation of the province in 1"J0.'>
had been preceded by a period of pros-
perity under which the old North "West
Territories had progressed suit icieiitly to
warrant their division into two autonom-
ous provinces; but inaugui-ation was suc-
ceeded by a rush of prosperity and ai-
companying' development, which has had
few parallels in the liistory of young-
communities.

Saskatchewan is pre-eminently a farm-
ing province. In 1901, barely twenty years
ago, the number of farms was 13,3S0; by
1906 this number had increased to 54,787:
the census of 1916 showed 10 1,000 farms,
while today the figures are approaching
115,000. AVhen the province was formed
there were large stretches of arable iirairie
unoccupied, but now from Kstevan to I'rince
Albert, and from IMoosomin to Maple Creek,
the country is almost one vast farm. Sas-
katchewan has grown so rapidly and the
development of the agricultural resources
of the province has tieen carried out on
such a big scale, that to m.any of its citi-
zens as well as to the oiitslde ^^•o^^l, .'-Jns-
katchewan is looked on as sniii>ly a liuni'
farm, with wheat as its principal and ini>st
profitable croj).

It is quite true that no part of tln' ^\■(l^ll^
has ever been transformed in sui-ii a lirirt"
space of time from a. vast tract of \:uant
idle land, into an encnnously iirudnct i\-c
territory, each j'ear iiroducinu' hundreds of
millions of bnshcls of gra.in, as well as pro-
viding fi'cd fiir over a million head of
hoi-ses and oven more of cattle, but this
phenomenal advance in agri<nilt>ire has cast
in the shade an important ad\'ance in in-
dustrial (levclopnienls and has to a certain
extent prevented a mure geneiMl rec.iu;-
nitiein of the increasini;- petenlial value to
till.' iir(i\-iiice el' its nalural res..nrces.

Saskatcln-w an Inipni-ts the bulk
coal used fur dunu'stic .and iruli
poses, but the]-,' .-ire billions



li,t;nite coal in Saskatcliew at
snp])l\- tlu' entire demand of
ada for a vi'ry leiig term of \
Jni; only tliat tliis coal can I
tliat it will imt "slack" whe
the atmosphere. Tt aijjiears
problem has at last lieeii >-
Lignite Utilization i;i.;ird >i(
constructed and will slii>rll\



tb,'
^trial pur-
r tens of
■nnnuli ti>
itern (_'an-
•s. iiroxid-
.reated so
xposed t(,
■< if this
(1. 'Pho

nada has

\e 111 I, p.



eration, a briquetting plant of commer-
cial size in the south-eastern coal fields of
Saskatchewan, with a capacity of 30,000
tons yearly of lignite briquettes practically
eiiual in heating vtilue to anthracite coal.
It is believed that the new process for car-
bonizing and briquetting lignite will re-
lieve the fuel aiul power situation, not only
in Saskatchewan, but for all western Can-
ada, aiuI the cnornujus deposits of lignite
coal in Saskatchewan, hitherto ccjnsidercd
of s.'cotulary importance, will be tremen-
dously increased in value. Tlie building up
of clay worldng industries adjacent to the
coal fields will be (uie of tho new develop-
ments of the hi-hest importtmcc in the in-
dustrial life of tho province. The outinit
frcm the coal mines si> far avera-es only
.".t;iljili(l tons a y.'ar, but ;i very greatly in-
creased output is lookc'd f(u- as soon as the
manufacture of lignifc briipieltes has been
demonstrated a commorcially prolital.ile
undert.aking.

In ID 11 there were 78 factories in the
proviiu'e. These factories were practical-
ly confined to woodworking, printing and
laundry establishments. Today there are
over two hundred and twenty-five ftictories
represeiitinL; almost every f(u-m of indus-
tri.-il activity which can bo prolitaljly car-
ried on in Saskatchewan.

There are vtist deposits of mineral salts
in Saskatchewan. A depo.sit of sodium sul-
jihate in the constituency of Bcngough is
estimated li>- the eiigiiu'ers to iiroiluce at
least six million tons, ',)(i,:;r, p(>r ceiil. pure,
probabl\- the hit^hest in purity of any
such deiiosit in llu!.A\-orM. Sodium sul-
phate is u>it\ with piiliiwood in the manu-
facture of pai)er ami the Kovernmeiit views
tin- (hqiosit from tln^ staiulpoint of the in-
dnsti-ial de\elopnuiit of the proviiH'e, not
from the iioint of \ii.'w of shipiiing it out
(■f the iiro\-ince, but of establishing indus-
tries in .S.'iska tchewan, and intends to make
careful examination of all the uses to
^vhich this 7nineral is put.

The piovince of Saskatchewan excels
lioth ill the ([ii.-intity and i|uality of the
class of raw rufractory kno\\-ii as tire cla.\-s,
as well as f)thei' ile])osits from \\hii'h can
be niannfactnred practicalls' the whole
raime <.r slrnclural cday in-oducls. The

minine, of tliesi- clays is espi-ciall\- simi)le
b\- nasoii (.1' the easy access to tin- lua-
jorily of the deiiosits. which are ne:irl\- ;ill
workable b>- the iqien ]iH melh.Kl. lOveU
the hi^h grade refrai.'t ory cla\s are so well
exposed tliac underm-ound mining v.ill not
be necess,ir\' for some time to come. ,

(iiil.N the exiierts who have been making
siir\e,\s of our for.'sts have aio' concep-
tion <q- tin- great forest wealth of Saskat-
chewan. The forest area of the in-o\incc^
IS between ninel j'-ei;-vht and one liiiinlrcd
million acr.'S. It is estimated that at |ire-
seiil thir.- is availiible over cif.ht billion



t:



EARLY HISTORY OF THE PROVINCE



11



board feet of saw timber and that there
could be cut for iJuUnvood fifty-five mil-
lion cords, and for firewood nearly one hun-
dred million cords.

Very little is known about the mineral
resources in the north-eastern portion of
Saskatchewan, although a large body of
valuable copper bearing quartz is now be-
ing developed in north-west Manitoba, the
ore field extending into Saskatchewan.
Traces of copper, gold and silver have
been reported by prospectors in outcrop-
pings on the shores of some of the larger
lakes in this part of the province, and have
encouraged the hope that imi)ortant mineral
deposits may yet bo discovered and develop-
ed in northern Saskatchewan. In the
prairie parts of the province ;i number of
non-metallic minerals have been discover-
ed, which may yet prove of great value,
and include gypsum, ochre, salt, etc. It
is hoi)ed that in tlie iie.xt few years imi)ort-
ant progress will have been made in put-
ting to use the wealth below the soil as
well as making available the riches in the
top few inches of our fertile acres.

The improvement in the conditions under
wliich farmers now live has kept pace with
the increased acreage. Less than sixteen
years ago the farm telephone was unknown
in Saskatchewan. Today tlie telephone
system criss-crosses the province like a
net. Broadly speaking, the system is, that
the government owns the long distance
lines, and the people themselves own and
operate the bi'anehes. Tlie co-operative
principle appliixl in this way has been mo.-^t
successful, with the result that the lone-
someness and isolation of prairie farms are
things of the past; neighbour is in touch
with neighbour; the farmer is in touch with
his market town and the outside world,
and year in and year out at no i)eriod of
the day or night is he cut off from the
outside world. There are more tel.pliones
per capita in Saskatchewan tlian in any
country in the world except Swe<len.

Another great contributor to improved
conditions is the a.utom(.>ljiIe. The pro-
portion of automobiles to the jxipulaUuu
is greater in Kaskatclie\\ an tluin in aii\'
other province in the Lioininion and e(iual
to the jiroporlion per capita in tlie X'liiteil
States. It would be too imieli to say tlia
every farmer has a gas wa^on, but cci -
tainly the man who has not is the exee))-
tion and n(.t tiic rule; and as a time sa\ei-
the value of tlie automoljile on the farm is
very great indeed.

Anotlier matter tending to do away with
tlie old isolation is tlie incn-.i S'- of rail-
way mileage. The nunilin- ul brauelies,
acting as feeders to the main liin's, and
opening up and serving ii'-w .nul fi-rtile
land.=:, is such that most of iir farmers
now have a i-casunaliU' eoii\. ..iiit access
to railways insti-ad of largi. lumVier <,if



them as formerly, living at long distance
from the railway station. In addition to
this, millions have been expended by the
provincial government in improvement of
highways, so that the marketing facilities
of tile province now leave little room for
any fa ir criticism.

HISTORICAL

In oi'der to trace the evolution of the
present system of government, it is neces-
sary to go back vt^ry nianv- years to the
time when all autliority was vested in the
Hudson's Bay Company. \\'hen that com-
pany surrendered its claims local govern-
ment m;iy bo said to have commenced. On
that date the Xorth-^^'est Territories were
or.L:ani/.ed as a kind of Crown Colony, un-
der tlie immediate supervision of the Lieu-
leiiant-< lovernor of Manitoba. This lasted
from 1S70 to 1S70, and during this period
all the legislative and executive business
of the Far West was cmducted by the
I^ieiitenant-Covernor of Manitoba, acting
uiidc-r tlie advice of an appointed council
whieli met at Fort Carry. During these
early times the government was more or
less a far away and unreal thing, which
.scarcely affected the lives of the people



Online LibraryUnited States. Bureau of the CensusWrigley's Saskatchewan directory, 1921/22 (Volume yr.1921-1922, pt.1) → online text (page 1 of 95)