been made thereon by the lookout and patrol. At the end of
each week he shall forward all the dials that have been used,
INSTRUCTIONS FOR COAST GUARD STATIONS. 15
with the transcript of the log for the corresponding week, to
the district superintendent.
65. If upon examination the officer in charge discovers any
discrepancy in the record of lookouts and patrols, as shown
by the impressions on a dial, not properly accounted for by the
surfman immediately upon its occurrence or upon his return
from patrol, as prescribed in article 57, he shall enter all the
facts connected therewith in the log, and if the failure was, in
his judgment, due to fault or negligence shall impose such
punishment in conformity with the regulations as he deems
proper. He shall report all the circumstances to the district
66. Each officer and each surfman shall be accountable for
the care and preservation of the patrol clocks in his possession.
The surfman on lookout or patrol shall at all times protect the
clock from dampness, carrying it under his coat, if necessary,
and shall avoid jarring or striking it against any object and
prevent sand entering the keyholes. Upon each surfman's visit
to a key post he shall carefully inspect the post, key, safe, and
all fastenings, and if any is found broken, mutilated, or tam-
pered with, he shall report the fact to the officer in charge
immediately by telephone or upon his return to the station.
The stopping of a patrol clock, its failure to sound the marking
of the dial card, or any observed irregularity in or damage to it
shall likewise be reported promptly to the officer in charge.
67. A surfman on patrol shall not deviate from the prescribed
route along the beach, except when necessary for his personal
safety, and he shall endeavor to retain an unobstructed view to
seaward when forced to retire inland. Riding on a bicycle, on
cars, in boats, or other private or public conveyances shall not
be permitted unless specially authorized by Headquarters.
68. A surfman upon his return from patrol shall not retire
until his relief is dressed and ready with the necessary equip-
ment to take the beach. Ten minutes is sufficient for a man to
prepare himself to go on patrol, and a longer time shall not be
69. In addition to the time detector or patrol checks pre-
scribed in articles 57, 58, and 59, each surfman on patrol shall
carry a signal holder and not less than three red pyrotechnic
signals of approved type in fit condition for use, a lantern hav-
ing a clear glass globe, lighted or unlighted, as he may prefer,
a supply of matches carefully protected from dampness, and
such other articles as may be prescribed.
16 INSTRUCTIONS FOB, COAST GUARD STATIONS.
70. When a surf man on patrol discovers a wrecked or
stranded vessel he shall at once fire a red pyrotechnic signal oJ
approved type and shall immediately notify his station by port
able telephone or flash-light signals, using the readiest available
of these means of communication. The station lookout shall
answer by firing one red pyrotechnic signal, unless quicker re
sponse can be made by telephone or flash-light signals. A surf
man on patrol receiving no answer to his signal or call, shall
if within easy reach of a telephone call box, notify his statior
by that means arid hasten to the station to assist with the boal
or other apparatus.
71. A surfman on patrol who discovers a vessel dangerouslj
near the shore or a shoal shall immediately burn a red pyro-
technic signal as a warning, and if he be provided with a flash
light torch he shall endeavor to get in communication with hei
by means of it and inform her of her position.
72. If a vessel be discovered dangerously near the shore or g
shoal during the day, she shall be warned by hoisting the propei
International Code signals. In order that all members of tin
crew may be thoroughly qualified to give such warnings, eacl
officer and surfman, including temporary surfmen and substi
tutes, shall make a study of the coast line embraced within th<
patrol limits of his station, as shown by Government charts anc
verified by frequent soundings and by taking bearings of shoals
headlands, lighthouses, buoys, and other daymarks. Before
sending a new surfman or a substitute upon patrol the officer ir
charge shall instruct him on what bearing or at what distance
offshore an approaching vessel shall be warned of her danger.
80. Surfmen, temporary surfmen, substitutes, and the cook 01
temporary cook shall reside at the station while it is in commis
sion, and none of these persons shall absent himself therefron
except when on duty, leave, or liberty.
81. (1) A surfman on lookout shall keep in a rough log ?
record of each vessel passing the station, noting its class, nam<
(if known), time of passing, and direction in which proceeding
He shall also enter in the rough .log all telephone connections
made, all telephone messages received and sent, and, if long
distance calls; from whom received and to whom sent, and th<
time of each. He shall sign the rough log at the end of his
INSTRUCTIONS POB, COAST G1TABB STATIONS. 17
(2) Pie shall not sit down, lie down, sleep, read, entertain
visitors, or do anything else that will tend to interfere with
the proper discharge 01 his duties. He shall immediately report
to the officer or other person in charge of the station all occur-
rences which involve, or seem likely to involve, danger to or
loss of life or property. He shall not leave the lookout unless
(3) He shall not take into the lookout any book, paper, pam-
phlet, or other reading matter, or any chair, stool, bench, or
other seat, nor shall he permit any such article or articles or
any person not connected with the service in the lookout while
he is on watch.
82. When any member of a station crew discovers a vessel
wrecked, stranded, or in distress he shall at once report the
fact to the officer or surfman in charge; if on patrol, he shall
De governed by the provisions of article 70 and immediately
report to the officer or surfman in charge.
83. (1) It shall be the duty of all officers in charge of stations
to see that every enlisted person attached, except the cook,
unless permanently excused by Headquarters, shall demonstrate
his ability as a good swimmer by passing the following tests,
sach of which shall be performed as a single exercise and not
separated into its component parts with intervals of rest be-
a. To swim 100 yards, dive properly from the surface, and
swim 50 yards on his back.
b. To dive from the surface of the water and bring up a
10-pourid object from a depth of at least 7 feet.
c. To carry a supposedly drowning person of at least his
Dwn weight 20 yards with a two-hand carry and 20 yards with a
d. To swim 50 yards dressed, with shoes, trousers, and coat
3n, and at the end of the 50 yards' swim to remove those arti-
cles in the water without touching bottom.
(2) The officer in charge will be expected to use proper dis-
cretion in conducting the tests, and shall not require men to
undergo them under unfavorable conditions or to remain too
long at a time in the water or in wet clothing. He shall not
18 INSTRUCTIONS FOR COAST GUARD STATIONS.
require any member of a crew to undergo all four tests in
immediate succession, or in any one day, unless the person
desires to do so and the officer in charge regards it as safe and
expedient. The officer may, however, require each applicant to
undergo tests (a) and (&) at any one time.
(3) Petty officers and surf men shall keep themselves in good
swimming practice. To this end each officer in charge of a sta-
tion is enjoined to require his crew to practice swimming when
the conditions are favorable, paying particular attention to the
means which would be employed in saving drowning persons.
84. (1) Provided the temperature of the air and water and
the condition of the weather are favorable, the officer in charge
shall require every applicant for original enlistment, or for re-
enlistment, except as stated below, to undergo these tests before
enlistment or reenlistment. When the tests can not be made
prior to enlistment or reenlistment, they shall be made at the
earliest opportunity thereafter. When the tests are conducted
in any case after enlistment or reenlistment and the results are
unsatisfactory, the officer in chargfe shall report the facts to the
district superintendent, who shall refer the matter to Head-
quarters with appropriate recommendation. xVpplicants for re-
enlistment who have qualified in these tests during a former
enlistment, and those who have been permanently excused by
Headquarters from undergoing them, shall not again be re-
quired to undergo the swimming tests as a qualification for re-
enlistment, but it must be shown by the records of the Service
that the tests were successfully passed by all such applicants or
that the applicants were permanently excused by Headquarters.
(2) A man required to qualify as a good swimmer under the
provisions of article 83 may be permanently excused by Head-
quarters from undergoing the swimming tests because of his
age, or length of service, or upon the recommendation of a medi-
cal report. Upon satisfactory evidence to Headquarters that
such man " has been able to swim well," he will be regarded as
a good swimmer and will be entitled to an honorable discharge
if otherwise qualified therefor under the Regulations. In every
case covered by this article the medical report must be obtained
from a proper medical officer and shall indicate:
a. The physical ailment or constitutional difficulty which
makes it inadvisable for the man to undergo the swimming tests.
b. Whether such ailment or constitutional difficulty is inci-
dent to service.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR COAST GUARD STATIONS. 19
tf'C. Whether it is permanent.
(1. What ill effects, if any, would likely result if the man
should undergo the swimming tests when the temperature of the
water and air is suitable.
(3) When a person is permanently excused from taking the
swimming tests but is not regarded as a good swimmer under
the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of this article, he is
entitled to an ordinary discharge only. Such a man's mark
for proficiency in rating shall be less than " 2.75 " and his dis-
charge shall carry the notation : " Not a good swimmer, but
permanently excused from undergoing the swimming tests by
Headquarters' letter of , 19__." Such a
person may be recommended for reenlistment if otherwise quali-
85. (1) A person discharged by direction of Headquarters by
reason of failure to qualify as a good swimmer shall be given
an ordinary discharge, and the reason for such discharge shall
be indicated in the space provided for the purpose by using the
following notation : " Inaptitude for the service. Not a good
swimmer." The discharge shall also carry the notation : " Is
not recommended for reenlistment as a petty officer at a station
or as a surfman until he qualifies as a good swimmer," and in
all such cases the mark for proficiency in rating shall be less
than " 2.75 " if he be a petty officer and less than " 2.5 " if of a
(2) In every case where a man required to qualify as a good
swimmer under the provisions of article 83 is discharged (ex-
cept under the conditions enumerated in articles 84 (3) and
85 (1) ), and such man has not qualified as a good swimmer
by passing the required tests, or is not regarded as a good
swimmer under article 84 (2), he shall be given an ordinary
discharge, and the discharge shall carry the notation : " Is not
recommended for reenlistment as a petty officer at a station
or as a surfman until he qualifies as a good swimmer." Where
a man is about to be discharged under the conditions set forth
in this article and his record is such that he would be entitled
to an honorable discharge except for the fact that he is not a
good swimmer, and the circumstances and conditions of his
case appear to warrant that he be excused altogether from tak-
ing the tests or given additional time to qualify in them, the
district superintendent shall bring the matter to the attention
of Headquarters with a statement of the facts and make suit-
20 INSTRUCTIONS FOR COAST GUARD STATIONS.
able recommendations, in sufficient time for appropriate action
(3) A person who is not recommended for reenlistment be-
cause of failure to qualify as a good swimmer shall not be re-
enlisted for duty at a station, except as cook, without authority
86. (1) When an enlisted man has qualified as a good swim-
mer by passing the prescribed tests, the following entry shall
be made in the blank space at the bottom of page 4 of all copies
of his " Enlistment contract and record " :
" Qualified as a good swimmer at Station No. ____ , ________
(2) When an enlisted man has been permanently excused
from undergoing the swimming tests and is regarded as a good
swimmer under the provisions of article 84 (2), the following
entry shall be made on his " Enlistment contract and record " :
" Regarded as a good swimmer by authority of Headquar-
ters' letter, ____________________ , 19_..."
(3) When an enlisted man has been permanently excused
from undergoing the swimming tests, but is not regarded as a
good swimmer under the provisions of article 84 (2), the fol-
lowing entry shall be made on his enlistment contract and
"Not a good swimmer, but permanently excused from taking
the swimming tests by authority of Headquarters' letter,
____________________ , 19 ___
(4) Upon each reenlistment the particular entry applicable
to his case will be repeated in the new " Enlistment contract
and record " of every enlisted man at a Coast Guard station.
87. In the case of each enlisted man whose " Enlistment con-
tract and record " does not carry one of the entries indicated
in article 86, it shall be the duty of the officer in charge of the
station to which the man is attached to see that the man under-
goes at the earliest practicable date the swimming tests in
which he has failed to qualify.
88. Ample opportunity shall be given the personnel to engage
in swimming, both for pleasure and practice, but officers in
charge of units should take suitable precautions to safeguard
the lives of men under their command by prohibiting swimming
immediately after meals, in contaminated waters, arid waters
unsafe for diving. If practicable, a pulling boat should be kept
ready and manned in the vicinity of the swimmers.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR COAST GUARD STATIONS. 21
CARE AND PRESERVATION OF PROPERTY.
91. No unauthorized changes shall be made in any building
at a station.
92. The officer in charge shall each, month make an examina-
tion of the foundations of all buildings, and shall see that sand
is kept below the sills, joists, etc. He shall see that the skirting
around the foundations is sound, promptly renewing any de-
93. He shall see that gutters and down spouts are kept clear
of trash, leaves, or sand.
94. He shall see that the floors are kept clean and oiled at
frequent intervals with the prescribed preparation.
95. He shall see that all sashes are kept in good operative
condition, renewing sash cords when necessary.
96. He shall see that all locks, knobs, and hardware generally
v are set up snug, and shall not permit anything to get loose.
97. He shall frequently inspect the roofs for leaks, and make
f prompt repairs before damage occurs.
98. He shall see that barns and stables are kept in good sani-
tary condition and in good repair.
99. He shall see that boathouses, inclines, etc., are kept in
thorough repair and clear of sand and other obstructions.
100. He shall see that all buildings not continuously in use
are thoroughly aired at frequent intervals.
101. He shall see that the launchways are kept clear of sand
and other obstructions, and that the launching carriages, boat
wagons, etc., have all moving parts thoroughly clean and oiled.
102. The officer in charge shall immediately report to Head-
quarters the loss, theft, or destruction of -any article of value,
giving the attendant circumstances and, if possible, the date
when the article was received. Such articles shall not be re-
ported by a board of survey, but entered as " lost," " destroyed,"
etc., with date of occurrence, in column of " Remarks " in the
" Record of public property."
103. All new cordage of any kind upon being received at a
station shall be stretched, all kinks worked out, and then meas-
ured and properly rolled or coiled, and their respective lengths
entered in the -record of public property.
104. The officer in charge shall see that the screens furnished
for windows and doors of the station and detached kitchen and
pantry are kept in place and screened doors kept closed at all
22 INSTRUCTIONS FOR COAST GUARD STATIONS.
times when their use is necessary. He shall use every effort to
keep all living and sleeping quarters, kitchens, dining rooms,
pantries, and food free from flies, mosquitoes, roaches, and ver-
min. He shall see that all screens for windows and doors fit
properly and are kept in good repair, and shall make requisition
for the material necessary therefor.
105. (1) When a field assistant, construction and repair, for-
wards a recommendation for construction and repair work
which he recommends be performed entirely by a station crew,
he shall submit therewith to Headquarters, through the district
superintendent, a full and complete description of the proposed
work and a schedule of materials required for the same, both in
triplicate, together with proposals for furnishing the materials.
In the absence of instructions to the contrary, the foregoing
procedure will terminate the field assistant's connection with
(2) In forwarding such recommendations and proposals to
Headquarters, the district superintendent shall make such com-
ments as he deems necessary.
(3) If any of these proposals is accepted by Headquarters,
the district superintendent will be advised accordingly, and
thereupon the officer in charge of the station will be directed
by the district superintendent to have the work performed by
the station crew as soon as practicable after the materials have
been properly delivered at the station.
106. When so requested by a field assistant, construction and
repair, the officer in charge shall see that the members of his
crew render such assistance as may be practicable to such field
assistant in the prosecution of his work at the station, when it
will not interfere with the regular station duties, wreck or
rescue work, or with reasonable hours for rest.
107. He shall see that the beach apparatus and every part
thereof is, after actual service or drill, thoroughly cleaned and
free from sand and dirt and restored to its proper place in the
house in readiness for instant use; that all metallic parts are
dried and wiped with an oiled cloth and all lines and hawsers
thoroughly dried at the first opportunity; that lanterns and
torches are filled and trimmed, and that the proper number of
signals, water lights, charges of powder, etc., are in their
108. When a station is placed out of commission, he shall
INSTRUCTIONS FOR COAST GITARP STATIONS. 23
(a) That the station and everything belonging thereto is in
the best possible condition as to cleanliness and for preserva-
(&) That the crew remove all their clothing and personal
effects, except the mattresses, pillows, and bedding of those
members who intend to return when the station is next placed
'in commission, from the lockers and station premises and de-
liver the locker keys to him.
(c) That the mattresses, pillows, and bedding left are clean,
protected from moths, inventoried, neatly stowed, and that a
copy of the inventory is given to him and another retained by
the owner of the articles.
(d) That toilets and privies are thoroughly cleaned and dis-
infected, and that the water supply for toilets not in use is
drained and shut off, and that every precaution is taken to pre-
-yent water pipes freezing and bursting.
(e) That all refuse is burned, buried, or removed to a safe
distance from the station.
(/) That all bright and exposed metal work of apparatus
and working tools is free from rust, wiped off, and oiled; that
all fire extinguishers are ready for use and placed where they
will not freeze or deteriorate from cold, and that, where no
danger from freezing exists, fire buckets and barrels are filled.
(g) That all water is drained from the water jackets and
pipes of the engines of power boats dismantled or laid up and
of hoisting and pumping engines and pumps, and that all boat
.bilges are clean and dry.
109. The hand signal torch shall be protected from . moisture
and excessive heat, as these are detrimental to the dry batteries
and the operation of the torch. The fiber sleeve should be
interposed between the metal case and the contact spring when
the torch is not in use in order to prevent draining the battery.
The dry battery should be removed from the case as soon as the
battery becomes exhausted, in order to protect it from swelling
in the case. Spare dry batteries should be kept in a moderately
heated dry place.
121. The following paints will be used when needed for i&-
painting the buildings at Coast Guard stations :
NJ (a) Outside white paint, mixed: For walls of buildings, in-
cluding trim ; also fences and flagpoles. The walls of unpamted
24 ISrSTKtrCTlONS FOE COAST GUARD STATIONS.
buildings and fences constructed of rough lumber should be
(&) Green paint, mixed: For underside of porch roofs and
(c) Light lead-color paint, mixed: For porch floors and
treads of outside steps and for repainting all painted floors in
( d ) Red roof paint, mixed : For roofs.
(a) Inside white paint, mixed: For inside trim.
(&) Regulation straw-color paint, mixed: For plastered and
ceiled walls when painted.
(c) Light green paint (Navy No. 34), mixed: For plastered
and ceiled walls when painted.
((Z) Varnish, hard-o il finish : For ceilings that are to be kept
(e) Floor oil: For all finished floors and treads of stairs not
122. Buildings w r hich have not been painted will not now be
painted. Shingles on roofs and walls that have not been stained
or painted will not now be stained or painted.
123. Repainting. Repainting of entire buildings will not be
done without permission from Headquarters, but touching up
should be done when needed to keep the surfaces properly pro-
tected from the weather. When parts are dirty or dingy they
shall not be painted for the purpose of giving a clean appearance
so long as the old paint is sufficient to protect the parts. Such
parts shall be scrubbed as often as necessary, and no paint
shall be applied until the old paint is worn thin. This applies
to the exterior of buildings as well as to the interior. In cases
where the paint is at present excessively thick, cracked, peel-
ing, or blistered it shall be scraped off and surfaces sand-
papered before any more paint is applied. When a blowtorch
is used care shall be taken regarding fire risks, and the torch
must not be inverted while lighted.
124. Shingles. Where shingles on buildings have been stained
by the application of regular shingle stain the same treatment
will be continued.
125. Floors. For scrubbing the floors a strong solution of
soap powder may be used ; otherwise soap may be used in the
ordinary manner. No soda or cleaning materials should be
used other than those above mentioned.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR COAST GUARD STATIONS. 26
126. Wliitewash. Whitewash should be prepared as follows:
Slake half a bushel of unslaked lime with boiling water, keeping
it covered during the process; strain it and add a peck of salt
dissolved in warm water; 3 pounds of ground rice put in boiling
water arid boiled to. a thin paste; half a pound of powdered
Spanish whiting and a pound of clear glue dissolved in warm
water; mix these well together and let the mixture stand for
several days. Keep the wash thus prepared in a kettle or
portable furnace and when used put it on as hot as possible
with painter's or whitewash brushes.
127. Windows. All window sashes must be kept well puttied.
When it is found that the old putty is cracked it should be en-