United States. Congress. House. Committee on Scien.

Road from Kyoto : hearing before the Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, second session (Volume pt. 2) online

. (page 102 of 137)
Online LibraryUnited States. Congress. House. Committee on ScienRoad from Kyoto : hearing before the Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, second session (Volume pt. 2) → online text (page 102 of 137)
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Westinghouse Motor Company Recycling '


Westinghouse Motor Company




Recycling






Westinghouse Motor Company






Recycling






Westinghouse Motor Company


j


Recycling




Westinghouse Motor Company




Process Heating


Upgade Ovens


Weyerhaeuser Company


Corporate


Process Improvement


General 5234


Weyerhaeuser Company Corporate. PP


Audit 5231


Weyerhaeuser Company


Energy
Corporate . Tracking/Reporting


Teams


5212


Forest Preservation/
Weyerhaeuser Company Forestry Tree Planting


General 15310


Weyerhaeuser Company


Forestry


Forest Preservation/
Tree Planting


General


5310


Forest Preservation/
Weyerhaeuser Company Forestry Tree Planting


General 5320


Weyerhaeuser Company Industrial E Fuel Switching


Fuel Switching-
Miscellaneous 2134


Weyerhaeuser Company


Industrial E Process Heating


Furnaces, |
Ovens, and
Directly Fired
Operations-
Maintenance


2113


Weyerhaeuser Company i Waste Elirr Process Improvement


Procedures-
Miscellaneous 3119



Page 46



784



AP Actions



! Alternative Fuel
Weyerhaeuser Company Transporia Transportation Vehicles 5510


Weyerhaeuser Company Transporta Transportation General


5520


: Forest Preservation/
Weyerhaeuser Company ^ 'Forestry Tree Planting Tree Planting


5330


! Motor Systems and
Weyerhaeuser Company Industrial ^VFD


Motors-
Hardware


2412


Weyerhaeuser Company




Industrial E Cogeneration


Cogeneration- '
General 2341


Weyerhaeuser Company




Heat Exchanger/
Industrial E Recovery


Heat Recovery-
Heat Recovery
from Specific
Equipment


2243


1
Weyerhaeuser Company Forestry Process Improvement General 5320



Page 47



785



AP Actions



Activity


Type






Optimization of HVAC equipment and controls: air handling unit
adjustments, preventative maintenance, exhaust reductions,
ext.








Lighting system upgrades: use motion detector switches,
timers, lighting controls, reflective lighting fixtures






1


Implement building envelop repairs: Seal roof, ducts, windows
and wall opening to minimize infiltration




Educate employees concerning energy conservation initiatives
and encourage their participation to identify potential
conservation opportunities








Install automated fume hood sash controls in laboratories.






Modify cogeneration engines to clean burn technology








Sponsor employee commute-a-van program.








Implement comprehensive solid waste recycling/reduction
program for paper, cardboard, plastics, Styrofoam, metals,
resins, pallets, surplus office supplies and equipment, etc.








Sponsor local community environmental education programs.








Schedule Climate Wise technical assistance site assessment.








Schedule City of Austin water use/irrigation evaluation.


i 1


Investigate alternatives for cooling water reuse for electron
microscopes.








Investigate potential reuse opportunities for tempered water
supply for safety showers and eye wash stations.








Evaluate and implement water conservation opportunities
identified in the City of Austin audit.








Optimize compressed air usage: for humidity control in
environmental chambers.








Eliminate employee use of portable space heaters.








Replace bubblers in fountain courtyard with pavestone to
conserve energy and water.








Utilize alternative energy: experimental photovoltaic energy
system installed in 1988. Energy from cells supplies power for
parking garage.








Minimize Leaks: Use of ultrasonic leak detector to find air leaks








Minimize Leaks: Use of ultrasonic leak detector to find gas
leaks and maintain steam traps








Improve HVAC controls: Install controls on heaters at loading
docks.








Establish preventative maintenance system for evaluation and
replacement of exterior door weather stripping.








Supplement electric heating to catalytic thermal oxidizer with
steam.


Expanded






Maintain steam traps throughout each applicable

manufacturing and R&D facility. Expanded






Install motion detectors where appropriate. Expanded







Page 48



786



AP Actions



1

Install energy efficient computers during computer upgrades. Expanded


Maintain chiller efficiency where applicable. Expanded; i


Maintain boiler efficiency where applicable. ' Expanded


Reuse treated waste water in cooling towers at Anasco and
Hormigueros (Puerto Rico facilities). : Expanded






Install ethylene oxide catalytic thermal oxidizer with exhaust

gas heat recovery; discontinue water scrubber. ; Expanded


1


Continue shutdown of facilities during off-hours and weekends '

where possible. Expanded






Installation of a process cooling tower in place of using chilled '
water at Westport, Ireland iNew




Insulate exposed steam lines at Westport, Ireland facility. ' Expanded l


! '•
Install soft-start motors on two air handlers at Waco, Texas. ' Expanded '


Install energy-efficient motors on bioscrubber and Silicone
facility expansion project.


New 1 '


Install baler at Westport, Ireland facility for recycled materials.


New 1


Complete installation of isopropyl alcohol recycling unit at
Anasco, Puerto Rico.


New




Improve onsite treatment of waste water, reducing waste sent
offsite for disposal. New






Continue to evaluate lighting retrofits per the Green Lights i
Programs. Expanded






Connect single fluid cooling and heating system to ; j
compounding vessels, use PLC controllers 1 Expanded




Install insulation on the oxidizer. ' Expanded




1




t










1
















1




1


1

1




i '


!










'


1 1

1 1
1


1 i

! ' 1


1 ;


1 1



Page 49



787



AP Actions



i ' i


, i


Community outreach. Boy Scouts/environmental awareness. Accelerated


Conduct annual governmental standards training, as well as

training with first responders and on emergency procedures on

all chemicals. Completed




Received Green Lights award. Completed




Replaced chemical line flushing from single line to multiple
color coded lines, which resulted in a reduction of chemical
waste disposal by 85%. Completed




Modified floors for chemical containment and collection. Completed j |


Use of parrot pickers instead of fork lifts. Completed




Community outreach. Create business coalition for area
beautification, encourage residential waste reduction.


Accelerated




Reduction of VOC's through ventilation system and vapor
recovery improvements. Resulted in a reduction of 65%.


Completed




Retrofitting xerox machines with more energy efficient models.


1

Expanded i




Recycle tote cleaning station.


Expanded






Employee training. Responsible care committee, expanded

quality plus training, MSDS product stewardship progam. Completed


General waste treatment and disposal: Chemical

storage/labeling and color coding. Expanded




Recycle waste stream.


Expanded




Retrofitting A/C units with new roof-mounted energy efficient
models.


Expanded






Spill prevention on trucks.


Expanded






General waste treatment and disposal: Color coding for quality

control. Expanded






1
Continue to plant trees in parking lot and around building.

Removal of exotic plants and replacement with native species. Expanded I




Retrofitting hose trays on trucks using color coding. Expanded







Page 50



788



AP Actions



Replace current saw which generates dust to slitter which does
not.


Accelerated




Storage of chemicals in containers to hold less than 5-gallon i

containers for accident prevention. lAccelerated |


Upgraded hand trucks from two wheels to four to prevent

slipping. Completed




Reduce single occupancy vehicles used by employees
commuting to and from work in areas where employee
commute programs are required by the Clean Air Act.


New






Require business units and divisions which manage facilities to
develop and implement 5-year energy management plans and
goals. New






1 1
1

Continue to participate in the Energy Star Computers Program, i ■.




Strengthen pollution prevention initiatives which will reduce

emissions from its manufacturing processes. Expanded ,




Optimize savings on computer equipment through the
utilization of monitor misers, office misers, and laser misers.
Assure that each Energy Star feature is activated on computers
and laser pnnters.








A hot water boiler currently serves two shell and tube heat
exchangers for our galvanizing process. Energy savings will be
realized by going to more efficient plate and frame heat
exchangers.


New






A solvent distillation unit was installed to reclaim solvent and
reduce the amount of hazardous waste generated and shipped
from our facility.


Completed




Air doors for the 2 high usage south facing truck doors will be
installed for energy savings. It is estimated that the doors are
open 60% of the time during production periods. ' New






Outside air will be piped to our air compressor intakes and air
compressor leaks will be sealed for energy savings.


New






Two enclosed paint gun washers will be installed to clean paint
guns and associated lines. This will result in a reduction of
solvent air emissions and a subsequent decrease in solvent
usage. New




Existing lamps and magnetic ballasts that exist in some of the
plant bays will be replaced with higher efficiency lamps and
ballasts when replacement is needed to save energy. New






Installed a high solids paint system to reduce waste paint and |
VOC emissions. Rotary atomizers are used to electrostatically !
spray the paint on the metal fabhcated products. Completed


We are continually upgrading our water treatment facility to
improve water quality and reduce waste A filter press was
installed and reduced sludge generation by approximately 50%.


Completed





Page 51



789



AP Actions



A Beta System was installed to recycle waste sulfuric acid

generated from our galvanizing process. This has significantly

reduced the amount of waste shipped off-site. ^Completed



Sample energy efficient lighting installations have been i

installed in our office. It is planned to expand this activity and

replace all of the light fixtures in our 42,000 square foot office Expanded



Petroleum Naphtha solvent is currently used in 3 parts washers
in the plant. This solvent will be replaced with a nonhazardous !
solvent to reduce the generation of hazardous waste. New



Used free cooling during the winter.



Completed



Optimized energy efficiency in atrium building 200.



i Expanded



Installed variable frequency drives on HVAC system.



Expanded



Phase 1. High efficiency lighting.



Completed



Electrical demand peak shaving.



i Completed



Implemented site light "shut-off' practices.



! Completed



Cooling coil condensate returned to water towers as make-up

water. Completed



Phased out 25 year-old boiler plant



Completed



Installed new HVAC system.



Expanded



Installed power savers on photocopiers.



[Completed



Installed site energy management systems.



Completed



Reduce number of light fixtures.



Expanded



Initiated cogeneration project, reducing power from the Utilities

Board. Expanded



Replaced lighting fixtures.



J Completed



De-energized unused transformers.



Completed



Used BAS for control of mixed air temperature and supply air

re sets. Completed



Combined building compressed air systems to optimize usage. Completed



Page 52



790



AP Actions



Cooling tower t>alancing to design flow rates.


Completed




Initiated pilot lighting program. Installed occupancy sensors.
Later expanded plant-wide.


Completed




Installed computerized steam trap management system. Completed




Replaced air handlers with more energy-efficient models.


Completed




Increased chiller optimization using BAS.


Completed




Installed building automated system


Completed




Replaced chillers.


Expanded






Increase thermal efficiency in cogeneration facility.


Expanded






Improve gains of laboratory ventilation systems when non-
occupied.


Expanded






Increase efficiency of HVAC system in R & D.


Expanded






Automation of four buildings. Expanded {










1






1






i






1






1












i














1




1 1

i











Page 53



791



AP Actions








1 I
i




1




Reduce energy costs by 3% per unit of production and reduce
waste to our landfills by 30% by the year 2000.


Expanded


1


Have our steam traps inspected by NC State in order to

determine if we have any bad traps or leaks. Replace bad

traps to improve boiler efficiencies. New






Reduce water usage and waste water by monitoring, tracking

and controlling process water use. ; New






Reduce solid waste to the landfill, and other waste streams by

30% over the next three years. Plan to do this through ;

reducing spills, quick clean-up and recycling usable beans back

into the system. I Expanded






Install power monitors, and implement a program to reduce

peak electrical usage by 2.5% j Expanded


1 1
Join motor challenge program and replace old motors with high
effeciency motors when justifiable to reduce electrical usage. New


Conduct an energy audit and daily energy survey to assess our

progress and take appropriate action to improve energy

efficiencies. , Accelerated


Install a new 60,000 Ib/hr Nebraska boiler to replace the

existing 20,000 Ib/hr Cleaver Brooks boiler ' New






Add additional desolventizing deck to DT for improved solvent
removal and energy efficiency. 1 New






Insulate boiler feedwater line for improved energy efficiencies. Expanded


Filmline waste heat recovery.


Expanded






Auto starter coater #1 & #2 fan/blower start sequence to control
peak surge. iNew






Purchasing energy efficient computers, monitors and printers |

having EPA Energy Star Logo as needed. Expanded




Install a more effective roof insulation (R value 7.14), roof

reflective covering. New






Replace constant temperature thermostats with automatic
thermostats- timer/set-back.


Expanded






Efficient lighting, replacing flourescent lighting with HD lighting Expanded



Page 54



792



AP Actions



Institute a chiller maintenance program. New




Institute a steam trap maintenance program. ! New


Insulate steam and condensate main lines.


New




Reducting air compressor exhaust to glue storage.


New






Institute a compressed air maintenance program.


New






Properly size replacement motors with high efficiency motors. New






Lighting control with motion sensors in outer buildings and

office buildings. New




Coater #2 solvent heat recovery.


New






Coater #2- Glue pumps/changing for cyclic to constant running. Expanded






Coater #3 extruder heating insulated/manage heat applied

(Kw). New






1

Coater #3- reduct IR waste heat Into pretunnel. New






Recirculate hot air into TOO section of filmline ovens.


New






Filmline extruder heating/manage applied (Kw) to heating coils
to most efficient means.


New


1


1


1 !


:




'





Page 55



793



AP Actions











i




i






CF & 1 has begun an initiative to conduct a chiller plant
expansion of (2) 1000 ton absorption chillers.


New






CF & 1 will select a "partner" to manage and optimize the use of
natural gas, electhcity, and other fuels.


New






CF & 1 has selected a partner to focus on ►he utilization of
chemicals in treatment of process water and water. The
partner will ensure system optimization and continuous
improvements and reductions of chemical use.


New










i






1






i










































1














Quantify our steps taken in energy conservation and water
pollution prevention in order to see what savings have resulted
from our expehence and to determine the payback period for
improvements and opportunities for further improvements.


New






Set up scrap metal recycling program. New






Educated personnel to turn off unneeded lights. New






Educated personnel to turn down thermostats.






Cleaned out accumulations of old, unidentified or useless
chemicals and recycled them through the local environmental
depot


New






Set up office recycling program.


New






Set up hazardous waste storage for reuse and recycling.


New






Extend useful life of solvents by filtration.


New






Reduce evaporation of uncovered solvent tanks. Developed a !

plan for an enclosed chemical room to be built which will

improve evaporation retardation. New





Page 56



57-716 99-26



794



AP Actions



Recovery of metals from rinse water


New










Replace hazardous solvents in our stripping room with
environmentally friendly chemicals wherever possible.
Specifically, have replaced Methylene Chloride stripping
solution with a safer, greener stripper which is performing
beyond expectations.


New






Upgrading of tumblers and closed-loop recycling of rinse water
in the production room


New






Regular maintenance and tune-ups of natural gas heaters to
decrease costs further.


New






Install motion sensors for better control of lighting costs.


New




Install programmed thermostats for better control of heating
costs.


New






Upgrade wall and ceiling insulation to R-30. Window caulking,
weather stripping, entrance enclosures.


New






Monitor improvements and savings in lighting by replacing older
fluorescents with electric ballasts, reflectors and better job-
specific lighting


New






Develop an ongoing motor replacement program, upgrading to
premium efficiency motors.


New






Sub meter electricity, gas and water usage to provide base
data for cost-reduction savings and to quantify payback of
investments.


New






Segregate waste stream to reduce hauling, reducing air
pollution.


New






Implement recycling program to reduce/eliminate trash sent to
landfill.


New






Install energy information system to identify areas of

inefficiency. New






Improve waste water treatment process to allow segregation of
reusable materials (sugar). iNew






Continue to participate in Colorado Pollution Prevention
Partnership, Pollution Prevention Advisory Board, Governor's
Challenge Program via time spent and/or monitoring.


New






Eliminated the use of TCA. Reduced major regulated waste
stream.


Historic






Reduced hazardous waste generation to the point of receiving |

small quantity generator status (from 184,000 Ibs/yr to 60,152

Ibs/yr). Historic






Steam turbine will generate electricity at container operations. New







Page 57



795



AP Actions



Changed from landfilling of scrap wood (especially pallets) to

chipping and composting (20,000 cubic yards/yr). Historic






Optimization of air compressor uses. New






Optimization of turbine liquifiers.


New






Turn off cellar fans at night.


New






Fluorescent lighting in aging cellars. New






1
Ensure that all heat tracing is functional and working efficiently. Acclerated






Continue participation in the EPA "Green Lights" Program. Re- ;

lamp as required. i Expanded






Preheat boiler feedwater using boiler stack heat. : New






Use well water in lieu of city for vacuum seals and de-foaming
spray balls


New






Seal roof/duct/window/wall openings to minimize infiltration.


New






When replacing frequently used high hp motors, replace with

high efficiency ones. New






Close off unused steam lines. New






Do computerized load shedding during six (6) cooling months i
using Energy Management System (250 KW). ;New






Perform semi-annual "open" boiler inspections. New






Install turbo-disk vs spray balls to minimize use of wash-out

(hot) water. Acclerated






Establish a Central Climate Wise Committee and appropriate

teams throughout the manufacturing facility. New •






Public relations/signage for energy and waste

reduction/recycling programs. Expanded






Perpetuate the existing steam trap program. Acclerated






Install variable speed control on main chilled water systems Acclerated






Perpetuate and "fine tune" temperature control calibrations.


Acclerated






Establish a formal "Climate Wise" policy. New






Implement monthly efficiency checks on all boilers.


New






"Fine tune" the existing energy management system.


Accelerated




Continue to track all utilities Accelerated





Page 58



796



AP Actions



Install recirculating chilled water system and Identify any losses.


Accelerated




Update and perpetuate the maintenance computerized PM
System.


Accelerated




Following company guidelines, maximize reuse/recycle
programs to minimize waste (currently >=90%).


Acclerated






Continue corporate "Shape Up Tours". Audit energy and waste '
programs. 'Accelerated




"Fine tune" all economizer cycles on all HVAC units. Check
that all outside air settings are minimized.


Accelerated




Conduct compressed air survey for leaks, bypasses, and
misuse.


Expanded






Maximize the shutdown of packaging equipment when not
being utilized.


Expanded






Maximize the use of reusable canvas bags, pallets, and bins to
minimize the number of recycled items.


Expanded






Increase the number of employees who car pool. ! Expanded






Re-gasket outside dampers to minimize outside air leakage


Expanded






Increase the amount of room occupancy sensors where
feasible


Expanded




Continue pipe/duct/building insulation programs.


Expanded






Conduct nitrogen use surveys for leaks and misuse.


Expanded






"Fine tune" maintenance shutdown tours.


Accelerated






1




1

1

1



































Page 59



797



AP Actions

























































































Transportation efficiency activities: Compressed work

schedules available to hourly employees, flex time schedules toj

avoid rush hour traffic. Completed




Retrofitted 80% of our facilities with "green lights." Savings per
year of approximately $150,000.


1
Completed


Community Outreach: Employees participate in community
outreach programs such as "Beynanze."


Completed




Packaging reduction: Packaging Task Force made up of
different department representatives has reduced packaging
material by approximately 500,000 pounds


Completed




Recycling program includes paper/cardboard (50% of the solid

waste is recycled), aluminum, printer cartridges (over 400

unites are recycled each year), and wooden pallets (4 tons

recycled each year). Completed




Active Environmental Committees made up of volunteer
employees work on projects to raise awareness about
environmental issues and identify opportunities for waste
reduction projects.


Completed




Installation of energy efficient refrigeration equipment in 1993.


Completed




Chemical Exchange Program: Unused chemicals are
redistributed to other departments. These chemicals are also
donated to local colleges and universities. Currently pursuing
possibilities to expand this program to include laboratory
equipment/supplies.


Expanded






Develop a procedure for extracting the printed circuit boards i
from instruments pnor to disposal. New





Page 60



798



AP Actions



Reduction of hazardous waste incineration practices. Exploring
water treatment, metal recovery, and fuel blending. 'New






Continue to plant trees in parking lots and areas next to

buildings for energy conservation A FlU graduate student from

the landscape architect program is involved in a project to

strategically plant trees for energy conservation. Expanded






Expanded the required RCRA training to include local
environmental issues such as ground water contamination. New






Initiate campaign to raise awareness about the advantages of
using electronic mail, reducing paper consumption. New






Cafeteria/Break Room Waste Reduction Program: Employees
given reusable mugs or incur additional expense if opt to use
disposable cups. Condiments are available from serving
dispensers instead of individual packets.


Completed




Program designed to reduce biohazardous waste by proper

segregation practices. Since its start, this program has

reduced biohazardhous waste by approximately 100 tons/year. Completed










Online LibraryUnited States. Congress. House. Committee on ScienRoad from Kyoto : hearing before the Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, second session (Volume pt. 2) → online text (page 102 of 137)