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Baltic States investigation. [First interim report] (Volume pt. 1) online

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ment with the government of the Soviet Union regarding the Prime Minister
and other members of the government.

Soon afterwards, Minister of Foreign Affairs UrbSys telephoned to inform
that detachments of the army of the Soviet Union shall cross the Lithuanian
border at 2 PM of June 15th in predetermined places and shall from there

proceed to the more important Lithuanian centers. The same announcement

later was made by a telegram which was published in an "Elta" bulletin.
The government of Lithuania, sei'iously appreciating the situation, immedi-

itely ordered through its organs that the arriving Soviet army would be wel-

eomed as demanded by the government of the Soviet Union.
High representatives of the government of the Soviet Union are expected to

arrive in Kaunas by a special plane, with whom our government hopes to solve

in a friendly fashion the problems arising in connection with this new situation.

The citizens of the Republic of Lithuania and all residents of the country are

requested to keep calm, pursue their daily occupations and do their daily work.

At this moment the most important thing is to preserve order, tranquillity and

fliseipline.

The ultimatum of the Soviet Union to the government of Lithuania of
June 14, 1940, as published in "Lietuvos Aidas" No. 281 is the same as
the above translation.

(Signed) K. Musteikis.

Exhibit 5-C

[Translation from "Lietuvos Aidas" of June 16, 1940 — No. 281 /54901

"Tass" Communique Reqabding the Solution of Conflict

"Tass" has issued the following communique regarding the solution of the con-
flict between Lithuania and the Soviet Union :

"On June 14, the Chairman of the Council of the People's Commissars of the
Soviet Union Molotov, in the name of his government made the following state-



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION 539

ment to the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Lithuania Urb^ys, then present in
Moscow, for transmission to the Lithuanian government :

'After the recent exchange of opinions in Moscow between Molotov, the Chair-
man of the Council of the People's Commissars of the Soviet Union, on one side,
and Merkys, the Prime Minister, and Urbgys, the Minister for Foreign Relations
of Lithuania, on the other side the government of the Soviet Union holds the
following facts as established :

1/ During the last months, on the part of the organs of the Lithuanian govern-
ment there occurred several kidnappings of soldiers belonging to the detachments
of the army of the Soviet Union settled in Lithuanian territory according the
Mutual Assistance Pact between the Soviet Union and Lithuania and the torture
of these persons with the purpose of discovering military secrets of the Soviet
state. Farther, it has been determined that soldier Butajev was not only
kidnapped but also killed by Lithuanian police after the government of the Soviet
Union asked for his return. Two Soviet soldiers — Pisarev and Shuiavgonec —
succeeded in escaping from the hands of the Lithuanian police who had kidnapped
and tortured them. Soldier Shutov, who had been kidnapped in Lithuania, has
not yet been found. With such acts directed against the detachments of the
Soviet army settled in Lithuania, the organs of Lithuanian government wish
to make the presence of the detachments of the army of the Soviet Union in
Lithuania impossible. This is further testified to by other facts lately occurring
especially frequently as the numerous arrests and placing in concentration camps
of Lithuanian citizens from among those pei"Sons serving the detachments of
the Soviet army is launderers, cantine personnell and others, and the mass
arrests of Lithuanian citizens from among the laborers and technicians em-
ployed in the construction of barracks for the detachments of the army of the
Soviet Union. These unbridled and unmotivated repressions of citizens of
Lithuania in the employment of the detachments of the army of the Soviet Union
are calculated not only to make the presence of those detachments in Lithuania
impossible, but also to create antagonism against Soviet soldiers in preparation
of the attack of these military detachments. All these facts show that the
Lithuanian government is grossly violating the Mutual Assistance Pact signed
with the Soviet Union and is preparing an attack on the Soviet garrisons settled
in Lithuania in accordance with the Pact.

2/ Soon after the making of the Mutual Assistance Pact between the Soviet
Union and Lithuania, Lithuania entered into a military allience with Latvia
and Estonia, so changing into a military allience the earlier so called Baltic
Entente in which, prior to this, only Latvia and Estonia were joined in a mili-
tary allience. The government of the Soviet Union considers this allience
directed against the Soviet Union. After Lithuania entered this military allience,
the relations between the staffs of the armed forces of Latvia, Lithuania and
Estonia, formed without informing the Soviet Union, were strengthened. It is
also known that from 1940 this military alliance is publishing a magazine "Revue
Baltique" in English, French and German languages. All these facts show that
the Lithuanian government has in a vei-y coarse manner violated the Mutual
Assistance Pact between the Soviet Union and Lithuania, which forbids' both
nations "to enter any treaty of allience or participate in any coalition directed
against one of the parties to this Pact" / Article 6 of the Pact /.

All these breaches of the Pact between the Soviet Union and Lithuania and
the unfriendly acts of the Lithuanian government against the Soviet Union were
committed in spite of the exceptionally favourable and clearly pro-Lithuanian
policy of the Soviet Union regarding Lithuania to which, as it is well known,
the Soviet Union, on its own initiative, returned the territory and the city of
Vilnius. The government of the Soviet Union considers the continuance of this
situation as imiwssible. The government of the Soviet Union considers it essen-
tially necessary and urgent : 1/ that the ^Minister for Internal Affairs Skucas and
the Director of the Security Department Povilaitis be prosecuted as directly
resiionsible for the provocations perpetrated against the garrisons of the Soviet
Union in Lithuania ; 2/ that a new government of Lithuania be immediately
formed which woiild be capable and willing to guarantee the execution of the
Mutual Assistance Pact between the Soviet Union and Lithuania and would
determinedly stifle the enemies of the treaty ; 3/ that a free entrance of detach-
ments of the Soviet armed forces into Lithuanian territory and their settling
in the most important centers of Lithuania in sufficiently large numbers to guar-
antee the possibility of execution of the Mutual Assistance Pact between the
Soviet Union and Lithuania, and to stop acts of provocation directed against
the garrisons of the army of the Soviet Union in Lithuania be Immediately
assured.



540 BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION

The government of the Soviet Union holds the fullfilliuent of the above demands
as the first condition without which the assurance of loyal and honorable execu-
tion of the Mutual Assistance Pact between the Soviet Union and Lithuania is
impossible. The government of the Soviet Union expects an answer from the
government of Lithuania by 10 AM of June 15th. If no answer would be received
until the specified time, that shall be considered as refusal to fullfill the above
enumerated demands of the Soviet Union' ".

"At 10 AM of June 15th Urbsys presented Molotov with the answer of the
government of Lithuania, that the terms set by the government of the Soviet
Union are accepted."

The ultimatum of the Soviet Union to the government of Lithuania of
June 14, 1940, as published in "Lietuvos Aidas" No. 281 is the same as the
above translation.

(Signed) K. Musteikis.
K. Musteikis.



Exhibit 5-D

[Translation from "Lietuvos Aidas" of June 16, 1940 — No. 2S1 /5490]
Telegram Fkom Minister Urbsys June 15th 2 PI\I

The Minister for Foreign Affairs of Lithuania Urbsys about 2 PM of June loth
sent the following telegram from Moscow :

"The Chairman of the Council of the I'eople's Commissars of the Soviet Union
and the Commissar of Foreign Affairs Molotov has presented me the following
demands: '1/ The armed forces of the Soviet Union shall cross the Lithuanian
border at 3 Pm of June 15th at the following places — Eisiskes, Druskininkai,
railway station of Gudago.ius. Druskinink.ojliai, Dfikstas and Pabrad; 2/ Sep-
arate detachments of the Soviet army crossing the border shall enter Vilnius,
Kaunas, Raseiniai, Panevezys and Siauliai ; 3/ Other points of distribution
of the army of the Soviet Union shall be determined by agreement by General
Pavlov representing the Soviet Union and General Vitkauskas representing
Lithuania ; 4/ Gen. Pavlov and Gen. Vitkauskas shall meet in the railway station
of Gudagojus at 8 PM of June 15th ; to avoid unnecessary conflicts and misunder-
standings the organs of the Lithuanian government shall immediately order the
population and the armed forces not to interfere with the movements of the army
of the Soviet Union in Lithuanian territory' ".

The above translation of the telegram from the Minister for Foreign
Affairs is a true interpretation into the English language of the demands
dictated on June 15, 1940 by the Bolshevists in connection with the occupation
of Lithuania

(Signed) K. Musteikis.
K. Musteikis.



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION

EX'IITTUT 0-A



541





TIk' Livd Army invack't! LuLvhi uii ,j imu 17, 1U40. Truuii.-^ -'iL . l.o'.Mi t-utrrins? the
public square of the capital city of Riga effecting the "take-over" uuder the
direction of Andrei Vishinsky.

Exhibit 6-B





The Red Army invaded Latvia on June 17, 1940. Troops are shown entering the
public square of the capital city of Riga effecting the "take-over" under the
direction of Andrei Vishinsky.



542



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit 6-C





The Ked Army iuvaded Latvia on June 17, 1040. Troops are shown entering the
public square of the capital city of Riga effecting the "take-over" under the
direction of Andrei Vishinsky.




The Communist fifth column in Latvia staged well-planned riots preceding the
entrance of the Red troops. This picture shows police attempting to control
a riot near the Riga railroad station.



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION

KxiiiHiT G-E



543



isiiti lliims PDf if II





pie imu



mm



The Latvian press was immediately taken over and the arrival of Commissar
Vishinsky was heralded, as shown here, in all the newspapers.



Exhibit 6-F




Vishinsky's first move in Latvia was to turn loose the prisoners in jail. Some
of them are shown here celebrating their release. Many were later appointed
to important positions in the militia and the police.



544



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit 6-G





Directing the seizure of Latvia, Auclrei Visliinsliy is shown here addressing the
people from the balcony of the Soviet Embassy in Riga.



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit 6-H



545





lie : ' ': ■ =■ <■ ■ : '- '^ ^-■:.,>,,, -. ,. ; : ■, - r - .::'■ '-^ !n(l Srr\'C(l ;1 toml nV ', _i'-ii>^

and 1 uiuutli ior iseveial coiivictioiits. Under the Visbiusky regime he was
appointed chief of police in Liepajas, Latvia's second largest city.

Exhibit 6-1




Cleiuin-v Augusts, a habitual criminal ^^ho had been convicted many times, was
roloasod from a G-year term and appointed chief of police in Daugaupils,
Latvia's third largest city.



546



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit 6-J




Cipe (Julmunib, auotlier iiabUuul crimiuai, i,Lr\\:U. o jcaite ui^u u uiuuths in jail.
He was appointed by the Vishinsky regime to the important post of chief of
police in the second district of Riga.



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION

EVTTTTUT O-K



547





The first move the Soviets made was to < !i ; ilnir u. Latvian

Augusts Kirchensteins, leader of the Latvian Soviet Frieudship Society, was
made the puppet president. Elections were held in violation of the Constitu-
tion and the puppet parliament voted to ask Moscow to incorporate the coun-
try into the USSR. Here President Kirchensteins is shown entering the Su-
preme Soviet to beg for incorporation.

Exhibit 6-L




Latvian I'resident Kirchensteins at the rostrum of the Supreme Soviet.



548



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
ExniiiiT G-:M








i'lfiiuer Si., ..I ...,,v...i.„ to Kirchenstein's speech.

EXHIT!IT 14-N





Molotov and Nikojan applaud the President of Latvia's request to become a
member of the Soviet Union.



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit G-O



549



■f*-:4






























■Si


m..




Andrei Zhdanov is sliown here waving ins cap at the ( rnwii in Tallinn, Estonia.
He directed the seizure of that country for the Kremlin.





The forceful seizure of Estonia is shown here as Red Army and Navy units escort
the new President of Estonia to the rostrum of the parliament in Tallinn.

52975 — 54— i.t. 1 :;■.(!



550



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit 6-Q




In spite of the announced intention of the Kremlin not to interfere with the
economy of any of the Baltic countries, the Communists immediately took
over all the stores and stripped them of their merchandise. This is a picture
of an "inventory" in a mercantile establishment in Riga.



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
ExniBiT 6-11



551





For more than a year the NKVD conducted a reign of terror in Latvia, Lithua-
nia, and Estonia. This is a reproduction of one of the execution orders. This
document, translated, says, "shoot all socially dangerous persons" and carries
the signature of a NKVD officer.

Exhibit 6-S




Tortures were com_u- uiu ^Ll^^ .h, :;umL „_ l^ LLiLLi._ i_ .ruments found in
the basement of the NKVD headquarters in Riga, Latvia.



552



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit 6-T




n-r « .(iiimon uiid the^e are some ul the loiUire iu-^Liumeutb i'ouud in
the basement of the NKVD headquarters in Riga, Latvia.

Exhibit 6-U




Deportations were systematically carried out in the three countries, and it was
estimated that more than 200,000 people were sent to Siberia and to slave labor
camps. This is a picture of one of the cars filled with deportees.



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
EXHIKIT G-V



553





AVhen the Germans invaded the Baltic States in June of 1941, the NKVD fled.
This is a picture of the last NKVD units running out of Riga, Latvia.

Exhibit 6-W




The XKVD left behind them numerous documents including execution orders and
plans for the systematic destruction of the economy in the Baltic Nations.
Many of these documents will be presented as evidence before the House Baltic
Committee.



554



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit 6-X




The NKVD left behind them numerous docunu-iii.N, iiifiiuiing execution orders
and plans for the systematic destruction of the economy in the Baltic Nations.
Many of these documents will be presented as evidence before the House
Baltic Committee.

Exhibit G-Y




The NKVD loft behind tliem numerous documents, including execution orders
and plans for the systematic destruction of the economy in the Baltic Nations.
Many of these documents ^^'ill be presented as evidence before the House
Baltic Committee.



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit 6-Z



555




Alter tlie Russian departure, ovidt'iice of the atrocities were uncovered in Latvia,
Lithuania, and Estonia. These pictures were taken in the jail yard in Riga,
Latvia, where approximately 200 people who had been murdered were interred.

Exhibit 6-AA




After the Russian departure, evidence of the atrocities were uncovered in Latvia,
Lithuania, and Estonia. These pictures were taken in the jail yard in Riga,
Latvia, where approximately 200 people who had been murdered were interred.



556



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit 6-BB




i\^, ...v^ j.u->i;i;i (li>ijarture, evidence of the atrocities were uncovered in Latvia,
Litliuania, and Estonia. Tliese pictures were talien in the jail yard in Riga,
Latvia, wliere approximately 200 people who had been murdered were
interred.



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION

Exiiii;itG-CC



557




The pattern of atrocities conducted by ttie Soviets in the Baltic States in 1940
is the same pattern that was used in Korea in 1951 and 1952. This picture,
taken in Riga, Latvia, is almost the same as the Korean atrocity pictures re-
cently released, even to gunshot wounds in the back of the head and the
Russian-style knots around the wrists.



558



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION
Exhibit 6-ZZ





The Red Army invaded Lithuania on June 15, 1940. Troops are shown entering
the city of Kaunas, Lithuania, effecting the "take over."

P]XIIII!IT 7-A




After tlic Kiissinn departnre, evidence of the atrocities were uncovered in Latvia,
Lithuania, and Estonia. Tliese pictures were taken in the jail yard in
Riga, Latvia, where approximately 200 people who had been murdered were
interred.



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION



559



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a


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560



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION



Exhibit 7-C

[Copy of a photostat]
[Translation from the Russian language]

List of Cases on Persons Art-ested by the Peoples' Commissariat of State Security
/ NKGB / of the Latvian SSR who, in Accordance With the Martial Laio Pro-
claimed by the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the U. S. 8. R., were
Accused of Counter-revolutionary Activities



No. Last and first name of the arrested



Charges preferred and remarks



Krishmanis, Janis.



Lasmanis (Solovieva) Antonina.

Kalnprus, August-Qotfrid

Henlngs, Oscar

Danenberg, Nikolai

Somovitch, Victor Konstant

Baukshkis, Karlis..

Jandals, Harald

Lukins, Miervaldis



Rainits, Nikolai.



Dzirago, Thomas.



12



13



Neiberg, Heinrich.



Berzinsh-Nave, Hugo.



Bartcnverter, Alcksandr.



Gutkevitch, Jazep.



On June 24, 1941, expressed admiration for the German occu-
pants. Spread propaganda to the effect that Germany
would soon liberate Latvia and Estonia from the Russian
bandits. (Accusation proved in accordance with Art. 58-10,
Part 2 of the UK.)

Served as an agent of German and French intelligence, gathered
material on the Red Army which was later turned over to
the enemy (accused ace. to Art. 58, p. 1-a of the UK; proved
guilty).

Member of Latvian Home Guards. AVas hiding in forests to
avoid draft in the Red Army. Captured on .Tune 22, 1941.
(Accused under Art. 58, p. 1-a and 58-4 of the UK; accusation
proved.)

In the summer of 1940 and April 1941 expressed hope to his
friends that the Germans would soon enter Latvia, and
made threats to the Party and Soviet regime. (Accusation
under Art. 58-10, p. 1 of the UK proved.)

Active participant in the Kronstadt resurrection, later fled to
Finland. (Accusation proved according to Art. 58-4 of the
UK.)

On June 24, 1941, sang fascist songs on the streets and when
stopped, he ridiculed the Soviet regime. (Accusation under
Art. 58-10. Part 2 of the UK proved.)

On June 22, 1941, organized and assumed leadership of a group
of Latvian Home Guards and later, hiding in the woods, the
group attempted to fight in order to overthrow the Soviet
regime. (Accus. proved under Art. 58-2 and 58-11 of the
UK.)

Conducted counter-revolutionary propaganda against the So-

. viet order, slandered the Red Army, and expressed intention
to penetrate the secret service and Soviet authorities in order
to obtain mformation for Germany. (Accusation under Art.
58-10, Part I and 58 p. 1-1 of the UK by material evidence
proved.)

In 1919 actively fought against the Soviet regime and the Red
Army. In the following years, from 1920 to the establish-
ment of the Soviet power, was aide-de-camp to President
Ulmanis and other presidents. Conducted anti-Soviet
propaganda. (Proved guilty under Art. 58-13 of the UK.)

In 1919 enlisted in the German National Corps of the Landes-
wehr. A national-socialist and adlierent of Hitler, he con-
ducted malicious anti-Soviet propaganda among his friends.
In the middle of July attempted to enter Germany illegally.
(Accused under Art. 58, p. 1-a and 58-10, Part 2 of the UK,
and proved guilty by material evidenw.)

Conducted anti-Soviet propaganda and spread defeatist ideas
among the population. In 1919-1920 served in the Polish
Army and activelv participated in combat action against the
Red Army. On June 10 and June 22, 1941, Dzirago, de-
nounced Soviet rule and praised the German form of state
administration before the leading workers, boasting that the
Germans would soon enter the Latvian SSR. (Under Art.
58-10, Part 2 proved guilty.)

During an air raid alarm in the night of June 24-25, 1941, when
German airplanes n(>w over the city of Riga, fired shots from
the window of his aiiartment m order to cause panic among
the population. (Art. 58, p. 1-a and 58-13 of the UK; proved
guilty.)

Being a counter-revolutionary and against the Soviet regime, he
spread anti-re voluiionary propaganda among the tenants of
the house where lie liveii, also spn^ad malicious rumors that
since June 22 all (raiic relations with otlicr eoimtiies had l)een
cut ofT; also advised workers to secure larger (luantities of
food, which action proved harmful to the ititerests of the
government. (Art. 58-10, Part 2 of the UK; accusation
proved.)

Being hostile toward the Soviet regime, conducted cotmter-
revolutionary propaganda among a number of persons, prais-
ing fascism and slandering Soviet aviation. (Accusation'
under Art. 58-10, Part 10 of the UK iiroved.)

Avoided draft; suspected of joining the enemy. (Accused
under Art. 58, p. 1-a of the UK.)



BALTIC STATES INVESTIGATION



561



No.



Last and first name of the arrested



Charges preferred and remarks



Flaming, Adolf.



Bucis, Juris -



KuzJiccov, Matvci Xikolaevitch...



Kagan, Jazep Abramovitch.



Dolgov, Pjotr Evstratievitch.



33



34



35



Alekseev, Sergei Anatolevitch

Herling, Jan

Lusis, Pauls

Janson, Edgar-Robert



Fridelfelns (Fridenfelds?), Kris-
taps.
Goldmanis, Veniamin Girshevitch.



Kruze, Eduard-



Rozenberg, August _
Rutenberg, Karl



JakobsoD, August

Patmaiiieks, Vilhelm

Pikans, Vilis

Mednis, Arvid



Lasmanis, Helena _



Fogelmanis, Nikolai.



During 1940-1941 systematically conducted anti-revolutionary
propaganda against the Soviet rule and its government,
praising the fascist regime of Germany. (Accusation proved
under Art. 58-10, Part 2 of the UK.)

Oppo.sed to Soviet rule; during 1940-1941 systematically con-
ducted coimter-revolutionary propaganda against the Soviet
regime, praising fascist form of government. (According to
Art. 58-10, Part 2 of the UK accusation proved.)

hi 1924 left the SSSR and applied for citizenship in Latvia.
In 1932-1933 went from Latvia to GiTmany, Czechoslovakia
and Finland. On July 23, 1941, was suspected of treason for
signaling to German airplane, which act resulted in bombing
of the S. S. "Smolny".

Being hostile anit-socialist element, at the time of German
ascist attack on the Soviet Union, conducted anti-Soviet
propaganda and committed treason flashing signals which
resulted m the bombing of the S. S. Smolny. (Accusation
proved according to Art. 58, p. 1-a and 58-10, Part 2 of the
UK.)

Conducted malicious propaganda at the time of the attack of
German fascists on the tJSSR. Suspected of committing
treason on June 23, 1941 by flashing signals to facilitate
bombing of the S. S. "Smolny". (Accus. proved according
to Art. 58, p. 1-a and 58-10, Part 2 of the UK.)

Conducted malicious propaganda. On June 23, 1951 committed
a treacherous act by signalmg German airplanes to bomb
S. S. "Smolny". (Proved guilty imder Art. 58, p. 1-a and
58-10, Part 2 of the UK.)

Suspected of treason for giving signals of June 23, 1941 to enemy
airplanes to bomb S. S. "Smolny". (Accusation proved
mider Art. 58, p. 1-a of the UK.)

Suspected of treason by giving signals to the enemy airplanes
on June 23, 1941, and firing at the S. S. "Smolny". (Proved
guilty under Art. 58, p. 1-a of the UK.)

For a number of years was an agent of German intelligence.
At the time of war operations between the USSR and Ger-
many, signaled to the enemv airplanes. (Accus. proved
mider Art. 58, p. 1-a of the UK.)

Guilty of sabotage. During the war signaled German airplanes.
(Proved guilty under Art. 58-14 of the UK.)

Suspected of treason, i. e., on June 25, 1941, fired at a Red army



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