a year. I believe they announced that she only worked officially at
the job a number of weeks.
Senator Grekn. Thank you. That was the rate at which she was
Senator IMcCarthy. That is right. That is a fairly important per-
son, who gets paid at the rate of $12,000 a year and, I assume, expenses.
But this exhibit 7 is equally interesting in that Miss Kenyon is
named as representing the Consumers' Union.
Consumers' Union is an admittedly, out-and-out Communist-domi-
nated and owned organization. It has fronted for the party since
its inception in 1935 and is headed by Arthur Kallet, whose Com-
munist Party alias is Arthur Adams.
Mr. Chairman, I have the document but it is a bad job of photo-
stating, so I have gotten the complete page of the Daily Worker
which contains this particular document, and I wall give you both as
exhibit 7, the document and the much more readable Daily Worker
Senator Ttdings. If the Senator will hesitate in his testimony a
moment, we can look over this.
A^liich part is it ( May I ask the Senator which part it is ?
Senator McCarthy. It starts down
Senator Tydixgs. I see, down at the bottom, is that it?
Senator McCarthy. That is right.
Senator Tydings. For the purpose of identification, these are al-
legedly, and I suppose accurately, photostats of two pages of the
Daily Worker, in which appears a news article of February 10, 1938 —
it appears to be a news article under the heading "Leading citizens
laud Isaacs' stand on Gerson," and it is continued over to page 4 of the
same paper under the heading of "47 leading citizens denounce witch
hunt on Gerson's appointment."
This is a newspaper article in the Daily Worker.
Senator McCarthy, might I ask you how much longer it would take
you to put in the exhibits you have to support the statements you
Senator McCarthy. It all depends, Mr. Chairman, on how^ much
time the committee takes in examining the exhibits. I might say, if
I am not interrupted at all, it would take about 10 minutes to put
Senator Tydixgs. I will ask the committee not to interrupt. Let
him now proceed.
I will ask the Senator if he won't try to conclude in 10 minutes. I
have a very important matter to lay before the committee, and the
Senator McCarthy. Good — very good.
Here again we have Miss Kenyon associated with such well-known
Communists as Harry F. Ward, Louis Weinstock and Irving Potash,
who is 1 of the 11 convicted Communist conspirators.
70 STATE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEE LOYALTY INVElSTIGATIOX
One of the most notorious Communist- front orc^anizations is the
League of Women Shoppers. Two months ago, the League of Women
Shoppers merged with the Congress of American Women.
The Congress of American Women has been cited as subversive by
the Attorney General of the United States, the House Committee on
Un-American Activities and the California Committee on Un-Ameri-
can Activities. There is no question whatsoever of its Communist
domination, background, and purposes.
I submit to the committee exhibit 8 which lists the directors and
sponsors of this organization, and it will be noted that we again have
Miss Dorothy Kenyon in the company of such well-loiown pro-Com-
munists as Helen Seldes and Josephine Herbst, who was tired from
the OSS by Gen. William Donovan because of her Communist
Senator Tydings. Give the date of this exhibit. It is not on here
that I can find. If you gave it, it's all right, but I thought you might
Senator McCarthy. Mr. Chaiiman, I do not know whether I have
given you the elate or not.
Senator Tydings. Where does it come from ^ There is no identifica-
Senator McCarthy. It is on the letterhead of the League of Women
Shoppers, 70 Fifth Avenue, New York, and it contains a list of direc-
tors and sponsors. That is what this is, Mr. Chairman.
Senator TydinCxS. All right.
Senator McCarthy. The message in this particular document has
been blacked out.
Senator Tydings. Go ahead.
Senator Green. May I ask about that ?
Senator McCarthy. I won't be able to conclude in 10 minutes, if
Senator Green. I notice the date is blacked out. Have you the
Senator McCarthy. I have not.
Senator Green. You have not ?
Senator McCarthy. I have not.
Senator Green. Can you get it so that you can insert the date ?
Senator McCarthy. If I cannot, I am sure the staff can get a letter-
head from the League of Women Shoppers.
Senator Green. That is not the job of the Committee
Senator McCarthy. JSIay I proceed to try to finish, Mr. Chairman,
in the requested 10 minutes'?
As an indication of the far-reaching power and influence of this
Communist-front organization, the committee might be concerned to
know that Mrs. Dean Acheson, the wife of the Secretarj^ of State, is
listed on page 1023 of appendix 9 of the records of the House Com-
mittee on Un-American Activities as a sponsor of its Washington
branch. There is no length to which these purveyors of treason will
not go to bring into their fold the names of unsuspecting and mis-
guided men and women wlio are intluenced by a glib stoiy of social or
economic improvement and thus lend prestige to a sordid and dissolute
Mrs. Acheson appears once on tlie roster of these subversive organi-
zations and Miss Kenyon more than a scoi'e of times.
STATE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEE LOYALTY INVESTIGATION 71
Mr. Chairman, this indicates that it is easy to get some fine indi-
vidual's name connected with isolated Communist-front organiza-
tions, but that circumstance is not the same when yon find the same
names through a group of 28.
I have now given the committee a partial report on the activities of
this ofticial of the State Department. We find Judge Kenyon as
s]")onsor of the American Committee for Anti-Nazi Litertaure in
March 19o9 on exhibit 9. Governmental agencies liave cited this
organization as a Communist front.
Exhibit 9, and let me make it clear that when I cite Mrs. Acheson,
I do that to show how successfid they have been in their attempts to
get tine people on their lists.
Senator Ttdixgs. You said that before.
Senator INIcCarthy. Again in January' of 194:0 we find Miss Kenyon
as a signer of a petition under the auspices of the American Com-
mittee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom, an organization cited
as subversive by the House Committee on Un-American Activities
and the California Committee on Un-American Activities. I hand
you exhibit 10 .
Senator Green. Have you the date of that previous exhibit?
Senator McCarthy. I said in January of 1940.
Senator Green. The date they were declared subversive?
Senator McCarthy. Yes, we have complete dates compiled by the
House Un-American Activities Committee. I will be glad to give that
to the committee.
I might say that the date they were declared subversive, in my opin-
ion, is not significant where we are dealing with a person who belongs
to 25 or 30 of them.
Senator Tydings. But. you will put them in the record?
Senator McCarthy. Yes, I will put them in the record.
1 think that is significant, when we find the same people connected
with them, and that information will be available, I will state that
to you, Mr. Chairman, later on.
Senator Tydings. Thank 3^ou.
Senator McCarthy. Exhibit 11 again shows Judge Kenyon on the
Advisory Committee of the Citizens Committee to Aid Striking Sea-
men, which has been cited as subversive by Government agencies.
Exhibit 12 again shows Miss Kenyon as a member of the advisory
board of Film Audiences for Democracy, an organization which has
been cited as subversive by governmental agencies.
Exhibit 13 lists the officers and advisory board of Films for Demo-
cracy, an organization cited as subversive by the governmental agen-
cies. Again we have Dorothy Kenyon as a member of the advisory
The next exhibit 14, shows Miss Kenyon as a sponsor of the Greater
New York Emergency Conference on Inalienable Rights, an organi-
zation cited as subversive by governmental agencies.
I will hand the entire list to the Chair.
Senator Tydings. What is this list a ])art of, this 13 ?
Senator McCarthy. May I hand the Chair the entire list so he
can follow me.
Senator TvniNos. So that we won't get the papers mixed.
Senator McCarthy. I was referring to exhibit 1 [ now.
68970—50 — pt. 1 6
72 STATE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEE LOYALTY INVESTIGATION
Senator Tydings. Would it be agreeable to you to put the testimony
that you are about to read in conclusion
Senator McCarthy, Just one paragraph and I will be through.
In the New York Times of Tuesday, January 31, 1939, appeared
an advertisement under the auspices of the Washington Committee
to Lift the Spanish Embargo. The committee will note that this
exhibit 15 names Miss Dorothy Kenyon as an "eminent American"
who ardently supported the Communist cause in Spain.
Exhibit 16 shows Miss Kenyon as a sponsor of the Lawyers Commit-
tee on American Relations with Spain, another organization listed
as subversive by govermnental agencies.
I could continue to give this type of evidence for some time, but it
appears to me that the pro-Communist background of this official of
the State Department has been abundantly and conclusively estab-
Exhibt 17 which lists Miss Kenyon as a member of the advisory
board of the Milk Consumers Protective Committee is merely another
Communist front, cited by a governmental agency as subversive.
I suggest to the committee in concluding my remarks on Miss Ken-
yon, that by the findings of the Attorney General of the United States
and other responsible governmental agencies, she does not conform
by any stretch of the imagination to the yardstick of loyalty set forth
by Secretary of State Acheson.
Senator Tydings. Thank you. Senator McCarthy; and, I would
like to read the committee now a telegram that I have just received,
and ask the committee's advice on what we should do about it :
I will welcome an opportunity to appear before the committee at its earliest
convenience to attack Senator McCarthy's outrai;eous and maliciously false
charges against me. Judge Kenyon.
What does the committee desire to do about this ?
Senator Green, I think the committee should meet in executive
Senator Tydings. Without objection, the hearing will be recessed,
subject to the call of the Chair.
This may be tomorrow morning, it may be Monday. I camiot tell
you accurately, but will let you know later today.
Please clear tlie room promptly as some of the Senators have en-
gagements, and I am anxious to dispose of this matter.
(Whereupon, at 12 : 50 p. m., the subcommittee stood in recess, sub-
ject to call of the Chair.)
STATE DZPARTMEiNT EMPLOYEE LOYALTY
MONDAY, MARCH 13, 1950
United States Senate,
committp^e on foreign rei^vnons,
Subcommittee Appointed Under Senate Resolution 231,
Washington., D. G .
The subcoinittee met, pursuant to adjournment on March 9, 1950,
at 10:oO a. m. in room 318, Senate Office Building, Senator Millard
E. Tydings, chairman of the subcommittee, presiding.
Present: Senators Tydings, Green, McMahon, Hickenlooper, and
Also present : Senators Connally (chairman of the full committee) ,
Senator Tydings. The committee will come to order.
The witness will proceed with his testimony.
TESTIMONY OF HON. JOSEPH R. McCARTHY, UNITED STATES
SENATOR FROM WISCONSIN— Resumed
Senator McCarthy. ]Mr. Chairman, I brought along with me a book
put out by the Committee on Un-American Activities. This contains
the listing which the Chair asked for the other day.
Senator Tydings. Good.
Senator McCarthy. It indicates the date the various fro^it organi-
zations have been declared subversive, or fronts.
Now, I cannot give this to the chairman, but I will loan it to him.
1 will need it every night when I prepare for the next day.
Senator Tydings. Let us look at it for a moment.
Senator McCarthy. You may use it during the day.
Senator Tydings. Go right ahead, Senator.
Senator McCarthy. I might say, in giving that to the Chair, that
I do not think that the indication that certain front organizations have
been declared subversive is important insofar as some of the more in-
telligent people belonging to them are concerned. I think it is more
important wlien we speak of the naive people, or the dupes who may
The next case is that of one Haldore Hanson.
Senator Tydings, Will you s})eli that, please?
Senator McCarthy. II-a-1-d-o-r-e H-a-n-s-o-n.
I will have a copy of this for the press in about 3 minutes, and for
the members of the committee.
Senator Tydings. Go right ahead.
74 STATE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEE LOYALTY INVElSTIGATION
Senator McCarthy. This man, Mr. Chairman, occnpies one of the
most strategically important offices in the entire State Department.
The indications are that he joined the Department of State in Febru-
ary 1942, and is recognized in the Department as a specialist and ex-
pert on Chinese affairs.
Hanson, now executive director of the Secretariat of the Inter-
Departmental Committee on Scientific and Cultural Cooperation, will
head up a technical cooperation projects staff of the new point 4 pro-
gram for aid to underdeveloped areas, which will have charge of the
expenditures of hundreds of millions of dollars of our taxpayers'
money over all the world.
For the source of this, Mr. Chairman, this is from the as-yet-unpub-
lished Department of State departmental announcement 41, dated
February 21, 1950; and, if the Chair will just wait, I will be using
this myself later, and I will hand it to him.
Senator Tydings. All right.
Senator McCarthy. The pro-Communist proclivities of Mr. Hanson
go back to September 1938, that is, insofar as I have records of them.
Hanson was a contributor to Pacific Affairs, the official publication
of the Institute of Pacific Relations, whose staff was headed by mil-
lionaire Frederick Vanderbilt Field, an admitted Communist. Inci-
dentally, the Institute of Pacific Relations was listed as a Communist-
front organization by the California Committee on Un-American
Activities, and the date will be shown in the book I have handed to
However, I do not think these dates are important, insofar as this
man is concerned. This is not a dupe. Here is one of the cleverest,
one of the smoothest men we have in the State Department.
This man Field has devoted his entire fortune to the Communist
It is important to keep in mind that Mr. Hanson also wrote for the
magazine Amerasia, of which Philip Jacob Jaffe was managing editor.
Jaffe was arrested, indicted, and found guilty of having been in
illegal possession of several hundred secret documents from the State,
Navy, War, and other Government department files.
Mr. Chairman, I now have before me a document entitled "Depart-
ment of State Departmental Announcement 41." I believe I have
already given the date as February 21, 1950. The heading is "Estab-
lishment of the Interim Office for Technical Cooperation and Develop-
ment." Then, in parenthesis, by way of explanation of this rather
high-sounding name, we find "Point 4 Program."
The first paragraph of the order reads as follows :
One. Effective immediately tliere is established under the direction of the
Assistant Secretary for Economic Affairs of the Interim Office for Technical
Cooperation and Development (TCD).
The initials of that will be "TCD" according to this announcement.
Turning over to page 4, Mr. Chairman, we have listed as the Chief
of this technical cooperations project staff, this man Haldore Hanson.
His phone extension is 3011, and 5012, in the State Department.
Paragraph 2 on page 1 sets forth the following responsibilities of
Mr. Hanson's division. I will read this. I think it is important to
STATE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEE LOYALTY INVESTIGATION 75
the committee, as you hear the balance of the evidence in regard to
this man :
Tlie Interim Office is assigned srenei-al resjionsibility within tlie Department
for («) seciirins effective administration of proiirams involving? teclmical assist-
ance to economically nudeveloped areas and (h) directing the planning in prep-
aration for tlie technical cooperation and economic development (point 4) pro-
gram. In carrying out its responsibilities the Interim Office will rely upon the
regional bureaus. Bureau of Ignited Nations Affairs, and other components of
Economic Atfairs area for participation in the technical assistance programs as
specified l>elow, and upon the central administrative offices of the administrative
area for the [lerformance of service functions.
Mr. Chairman, before this is handed out to the press, I would like
to ask that the entire document be considered as accepted in evidence.
Senator Tydings. Mark it as an exhibit, Senator.
This is a new case, and you might give the initials of the subject
of it, and then put after it, a letter in sequence, so we can have them
In this case it will be "18."
Senator McCarthy. Very good, sir ; and also "19," the departmental
announcement No. 41.
Senator Tydings. All right.
Senator ]McCartiiy. I will hand that to you in just a moment.
Senator Tydings. Keep it as long as you want it, but when you have
finished it, pass it to us, so we can see it.
Senator McCarthy. Thank you very much.
From this it would appear that his division will have a tremendous
amount of power and control over the hundreds of millions or billions
of dollars which the President proposed to spend under his point 4
program, or what he has referred to as the "bold new plan."
Hanson's appointment is not made by the President, but by the
State Department, and is not subject to any Senate confirmation.
Therefore, it would seem rather important to examine the background
and philosophy of this young man.
The State Department Biographical Eegister gives what would, on
its face, seem to be a chronological story of an increasingly successful
young man. It shows, for example, that he graduated from college
in 1934 at the age of 22 ; that he was a teacher in Chinese colleges from
1934 to 1937; and then a press correspondent in China from 1936 to
1939; a staff writer from 1938 to 1942; then in 1942, he got a job in
the State Department at $4,600 a year ; that in 1944, he was listed as a
specialist in Chinese affairs at $5,600 — and I ask the committee to keep
in mind that this young man got his listing as a specialist in Chinese
affairs in 1944; that in 1945 he was made executive assistant to the
Assistant Secretary of State at $6,500; that in May of 1948 he was
made Assistant Chief of the Area Division No. 3; that on June 28,
1948, he was made Acting Chief for the Far Eastern Area, Public
Affairs Overseas Program Staff' — another date I ask the committee to
keep in mind ; and that on November 14, 1948, he was made executive
director of the Secretariat of the Interdepartmental Committee on
Scientific and Cultural Relations. There is certainly nothing unusual
about this biography. Nothing is there to indicate that this man
might be dangerous in the State Department as Chief for the Far
Eastern Area Public Affairs, Overseas Program Staff, during a time
M'hen the Communists were taking over China.
76 STATE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEE LOYALTY IXVElSTIGATION
However, much is left out of this biograpli}'. It does not show, for
example, that this young man was rumiing a Communist magazine
in Peiping when the Japanese-Chinese war broke out.
May I repeat, it does not show that this young man was running
the Communist magazine in Peiping when the Japanese-Chinese war
broke out. It does not show, for example, that he spent several years
with the Communist armies in China, writing stories and taking pic-
tures which the Chinese Communists helped him smuggle out of the
country. I will show later where the Chinese generals did the
smuggling for him. Nor does this biography show that this man,
after his return from China, wrote a book — a book which sets forth
his pro-Communist answer to the problems of Asia as clearly as Hit-
ler's Mein Kampf set forth his solutions for the problems of Europe.
Nothing that he has said or done since would indicate that he re-
pudiates a single line of that book.
Incidentally, in connection with that, I would like to point out that
this is not a secret to the State Department. As early as 1947, Con-
gressman Busbey read some ver\' brief excerpts from that book on
the House floor. That was called to Mr. Hanson's attention at that
time and he did not repudiate any statement I vShall read to you from
This man clearly believes that the Communists in China stand for
everything that is great and good. His is not the picture of a mer-
cenary trying to sell his country out for 30 pieces of silver. In read-
ing his book, you are impressed with the fact that he firmly believes
the Communist leaders in China are great and good men, and that
all of Asia Avould benefit by being communized.
In other words, we are not dealing here, Mr. Chairman, with the
usual cheap Communist who is selling out for a price. Here is a man
who, apparently from his book, is completely sincere that communism
is the answer.
Take, for example, what lie has to say about Mao Tse-tung, the
head of the Communist Party at that time, and noAv the Communist
ruler of China, and Chu Teh, commander in. chief of the Eighth
Route Communist Army, and according to Life magazine of January
23, 1950, No. 2 man in prestige to Mao Tse-tung.
In chapter 23, entitled "Political Utopia on Mt. Wut'Ai," in de-
scribing a meeting with an American Major Carlson, here is what
he had to say :
We stayed up till midnight exchanging notes on gueiTilla armies, the farm
unions, and the progress of the war. I was particularly interested in the Com-
munist leaders whom Carlson had just visited and whom I was about to meet.
Mao Tse-tung, the head of the Communist Party, Carlson characterized as "the
most selfless man I ever met, a social dreamer, a genius living 50 years ahead
of his time." And Chu Teh, commander in chief of the Eighth Route Army,
was the "prince of generals," — listen to this, if you will — "a man with the
humility of Lincoln, the tenacity of Grant, and the kindliness of Robert E. L'^e."
As we go on in the book, we find that after Mr. Hanson spent
some time with these generals, his hero worship was even greater.
Mr. Chairman, for a man slated as Cliief of the Buit au which may
have the job of spending hundreds of millions of dollais throughout
the world, this indicates, to say the least, a disturbing amount of hero
worship for the No. 1 and No. 2 Communist leaders in the Far East
STATE depart:ment employee loyalty investigation 77
Listen to this. These are Hanson's own words, and no one else's.
Here is what Hanson says on page 349 of his book. He condemns the
right-wing groups in the Chinese Government for "fighting against
the democratic revohition as proposed by Mao Tze-tmig and the
Senator Ttdings. Senator McCarthy, are these his own words, or
are they quoted from somebody else ?
Senator McCarthy. The quotes are from his own book. Every-
thing in liere, I will make clear, is from his own book.
I would like the Chair's permission to present the entire book and
have that made a part of the record. I know that there is some
expense involved in having this printed, but I think, in view of the
fact that this man will be dealing with hundreds of millions or billions
of dollars, the several hundred dollars it would cost to have that book
reprinted, would be worth while. That is especially important in view
of the fact that all of the books have mysteriously disappeared. I had
to borrow the publisher's copy of the book in order to get the exact
I assure you I have taken these directly fi-om the book and not from
anyone else's version of it.
Senator Ttdixgs. You offer it as an exhibit ; we will take it and
examine it. I understand it is a lengthy book
Senator McCarthy. It is rather lengthy. I would say about 500
pages; but it is extremely important to read the entire book, because
I have gone through, hit or miss, and picked out what I thought were
some of the sequence of quotes which very clearlj'" express this man's
attitude toward communism.
Senator McMahon. Mr. Chairman
The Chairman. Senator McMahon.
Senator McjMahon. I don't Avish to interrupt, but I think we have
to point out that this quote that the Senator talked about is quoting
this INIajor Carlson, whoever he may be.