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Technograph (Volume 78 (1962 - 1963)) online

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No. 1 - 25^

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Leading organization seel(s brilliant executives -in -the -making

The organization: perhaps the most important
in the world today. ..186,000,000 sharehold-
ers in this country alone.. .an area of distri-
bution extending millions of miles upward
and outward.

The immediate business at hand: protecting
and sustaining the peace-our very survival.
There are some who would describe this
organization as non-profit. And there are
others, who would more thoughtfully deem
its investments, dividends, and assets noth-
ing less than priceless.

Today, thousands of selected young college
graduates are joining that organization in
responsible executive positions. They join to
serve as officers in the United States Air Force.

The resources at hand for the career devel-
opment of these applicants are matchless.
They are participating in the world's most
advanced research and development pro-
grams. Engineering, science, administration
—each career field calls for the services of
forward-looking graduates who will assume
vital responsibilities. The start of an out-
standing career awaits you in this organiza-
tion where success is more than a corporate
objective-because if it doesn't happen here,
it won't happen anywhere.

For details on the opportunities open to you
as an Air Force officer, mail this coupon.
There's a place for tomorrow's leaders on
the Aerospace Team. U.S. Air Force.

Dept. EM210,8ox805
New York l.N.Y.

Please send me complete details on
the Air Force officer program for col-
lege graduates.






I i


Wayne Crouch

Associate Editor
Gary Daymen

Business Manager

Charlie Adams

Production Manager

Scott Weaver



Volume 78; Number 1

October, 1962

Circulation Manager

Gary Bilow

Editorial Assistant

Thelma Allen

Editorial Staff

Art Becker
Larry Druffel
Ted Morange
Bill Small
James Walters

Business Staff

Phillip Johnson

Table of Contents


lllini Engineers in Industry

Quality unci the Engineer Calvin Evans 10

Requirements Change in Engineering Edv^^ard C. Wahl 14

To Tell the Truth (Fiction) Larry Balden 26

Educators Confer on Mechanical Technology __ Larry Druffel 32

Production Staff

Mike Glowacz

Circulation Staff

Dave Dudek


Jay Dickinson
Joe Figueira


R. W. Bohl
P. Bryant
W. M. Hudson
E. C. McClintock


TECH Says 5

The Dean Speaks Dean H. L. Wakeland 7

News and Views at the University of Illinois 20

Technocutie Photos by Andrew Giel 22

Skimming Industrial Headlines Art Becker 33

Begged, Borrowed, and . . . 38


, Chairman: Charles E. Wales

^ayne State University, Detroit, Michigan

Ark:n^as Engineer, Cincinnati Coopera-
ve Ei.gineer, City College Vector, Colorado
)nginei-r, Cornell Engineer, Denver Engi-
eer, Drexel Technical Journal, Georgia
ech Engineer, Illinois Technograph, Iowa
Engineer, Iowa Transit, Kansas Engineer,
Lansas State Engineer, Kentucky Engineer,
.ouisiana State University Engineer, Louis-
ina Tech Engineer, Manhattan Engineer,
larquetle Engineer, Michigan Technic, Min-
esota Technolog, Missouri Shamrock, Ne-
raska lllueprint. New York University
fuadrangle. North Dakota Engineer, North-
'estern Engineer. Notre Dame Technical
Leview, Ohio State Engineer, Oklahoma
tate Engineer, Pittshurgh Skyscraper, Pur
ue Engineer, RPI Engineer, Rochester In
icator. SC Engineer, Rose Technic, South
Engineer, Spartan Engineer, Texa;
& M Engineer, Washington Engineer,
VSC Technometer, Wayne Engineer, and
Wisconsin Engineer.

The Cover:

Although the cover painting has Gestalten overtones, its context
here is as a conscience. That is, very little is known about many
things while the whole or a number of the parts may he readily
defined. The reader will note certain forms in the painting with
which he is familiar if he alternately "sees" the darks — then the
lights — as ob.jects. The purpose of this magazine is, in part, to make
intelligible more of the unknown areas.

Copyright, 1963, by lllini Publishing Co. Published eight times during the year (Oc
tober, November, December, January, February, IVIarch, April and May) by the lllini
Publishing Company. Entered as second class matter, October .>0, 1920, at the post
office at Urbana, Illinois, under the Act of March 3. 1879. Office 215 Engineering
Hall, Urbana, Illinois. Subsciiptions $1.50 per year. Single copy 25 cents. All rights
reserved by The Illinois Tcchno(jraph. Puijlishcr's Representative — Littell-Murray-
Barnhill, Inc., 7i7 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago 11, 111., 369 Lexington Ave.,
New York 17, New York.


Ralph MiUermasler, vice president,

engineering and development, angivers the questions

most frequently asked by t^tudents regarding

Cutler-Hammer's role in industrial automation

Q. How long has Cutler-Hammer
been in Automation?

A. Long before the word "auto-
mation" was coined.

Many company historians view
the installation of the first electric
turret-turning control for battle-
ships as our original "automatic
system" achievement. In 1904,
trials aboard the U.S.S. INDIANA
so improved rapid-fire and gumiery-
control scoring that identical sys-
tems were installed on sister ships.

Q. How does your Automation—
or "System Control"— effort
differ from your other control

A. We work in two areas of control.
One involves research, develop-
ment and manufacture of stand-
ardized electric control components
and apparatus. Here the customer
orders from us through a bill of

The automation customer is dif-
ferent. He has no bill of material
— he has a problem. He needs to
improve production or quality, or
to reduce his unit costs. He isn't
buying "hardware," he's seeking a
creative solution to a challenging
problem . . . and that's what our
engineers provide.

Q. Assuming I decide to work
for a control manufacturer, why

A. The most compelling reason is
our continuing interest and exten-
sive experience in "System Con-
trol." This is the life of our com-
pany and distinct career advantages
result from this concern.

Our engineers are forced to apply
a combination of advanced elec-
tronic and electrical engineering

know-how to solve a customer's
manufacturing problem. They start
with a thorough grounding in the
customer's products — how he
moves and works the materials he
manufactures. Then they apply
their technical knowledge to create
a practical solution. We have a
Materials Handling group, a Metal
Processing group, and many other
industry groups composed of young,
creative-minded engineers.

And, we don't "stock-pile" our
engineering talent. Every engineer
we hire is expected to contribute
quickly and directly to the team

Q. How does Cutler-Hammer
approach an automation Job?

A. We have learned that a sizable
system needs painstaking coordi-
nation between many groups —
project teams, engineering, mainte-
nance and purchasing personnel at
the customer factory and head-
quarters locations . . . machinery
builders, motor manufacturers,
contractors and many more.

We view this coordination as one
of our primary functions, and fulfill
it by furnishing all responsible
groups and individuals the infor-
mation they want and need to
guarantee an efficient dovetailing
of effort.

We organize a coordinating task
force for each project, headed by a
lead engineer and staffed by engi-
neers representing every necessary
technical discipline. That task force
is charged with three duties:

1. Create a system that will
solve the problem.

2. Design the system within the
time allotted.

3. Install the system at a cost
which pays its way for the
customer and provides us a
fair profit.

Task forces work together in a
modern 500,000 square foot plant
specifically designed to house every
activity involved in the evolution
of the complete system. Every pos-
sible step has been taken to provide
a climate that is conducive to
creative planning and development.

This approach has paid off! Long
recognized as a leader in standard-
ized motor control, Cutler-Hammer
is more and more being regarded
as a major contributor in industrial
automation. Our automation cre-
dentials includeinnovations in every
industrial field from continuous
process lines to newspaper mail

Q. How do I learn more about
Cutler-Hammer's automation
capability and the career op-
portunities for engineers?

A. By visiting your Place-
ment Office . . . picking up the
Cutler-Hammer literature on the
rack, and talking to your Placement
Director. Or, you can write direct
to T. B. Jochem, Cutler-Hammer,
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, for a com-
plete kit of information. And, I
hope that you will plan to meet
with our representative when he
visits your campus.



Cutler Hammet Inc.. Milwaukee, Wisconsin • Divisions: AIL: Mullenbach • Subsidiaries:
Uni-Bus.. Inc.; Cutler-Hammer International. C.A. Associates: Cutler-Hammer Canada,
Ltd.; Cutler-Hammer. Mexicana, S.A.


Let's look at the price of eggs

What did you pay for eggs this week? Probably a little more or a little less than last week. Prices of things go
up and down because of many factors . . . sucli as supply and demand, wages, materials and shipping costs,
and needed profits. It all gets more complex when you consider taxes and competition, or compare our econ-
omy to that of other countries. ► Now millions of people can learn more about economics from a stimulating
series of television programs on The American Economy. Conducted by leading educators and economists,
"College of the Air" will describe how our economic system works . . . how it provides stability and growth
. . . how it enliances individual freedom. Starting this fall. The American Economy will appear on the CBS
television network as five one-half hour programs per week for 32 weeks . . . equal to two semesters of col-
lege classes. ► With the belief that only through broader education can we meet the growing needs of
tomorrow, American business is giving financial support to ""College of the Air." The people of
Union Carbide are proud to be among the donors to such a worthwhile project.



COLLEGE CREDIT will be given by many colleges for The American Economy. For names of
participating colleges and local liewing times, write Union Carbide Corporation, 270 Park Avenue, New York 17, N.Y.



If space
is your future,
your career
is with Hughes


As far back as 1890, Jules Verne
visualized excursion trains to
the moon. Today — 72 years later —
Hughes offers you the opportunity
to play an important part in man's
actual conquest of space.

Holp us soft-land the SURVEYOR
on the moon — or work with us on
e.xciting advanced projects such as:
SYNCOM (Communications satellite)

B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. Candidates

Members of our staff will conduct


^ November 6 and 7, 1962

Find out more about ttie wide range of
activities, educational programs and relocE
allowances offered by Hugfies.
For interview appointment or informationa
literature consult your College Placement
Director. Or write: College Placemenl Offic
Hughes, P.O. Box 90515, Los Arigeles 9, Cal

Creating a new world witil ELECTRONICS







An equal opportunity employer.

♦Trademark Hughes Aircraft Company

Bettman Archive

:CH say .. . May, 1924

Preserve Campus Tradition


Few traditions have touched TECH so deeply
as this one. Beware ye fag fiends . . . TECH is

In this day when law breaking, in some
irms at least, is looked upon by a great many
s a clever, admirable and daring accomplish-
lent, and is becoming the common practice of
16 same many, it is little wonder that one of
ur campus traditions— an unwritten law—
,hould come in for its share of flagrant viola-
ons. Yet, how decidedly "unclever," "unad-
lirable," and "undaring" it is to violate a cam-
pus tradition.

Unlike the civil law, there is no policeman
enforce a campus tradition; there is no pen-
ilty for its violation. Hence there is no one to
)ut wit and no one's eyes "to pull the wool
)ver," so that in no way is there anything ad-
nirable in the deed. It reminds one of the per-
on who cautiously looks around to see if he
5 being observed before cheating in a game of
olitaire. We laugh at such a person for he is
heating no one but himself; yet, how little dif-
erent is his action from that of a student who

thinks how brazen and lawless he is because
he breaks a rule that he is supposed to enforce
when he smokes on the campus.

This semester there has been a continual
growth in the number of men who smoke on
the campus. Evidently there is little regard for
this one distinctive tradition of our campus, and
unless student spirit changes at once, the tradi-
tions will be but a memory.

The engineers have been as guilty as any
others in smoking on the campus, and despite
efforts to stop it, open violation of the tradition
continues. Remember engineers, that as stu-
dents of the University, the tradition is yours.
It is up to each and every engineer to uphold
and further it. This can be best done by not
smoking on the campus, and by discouraging
others from smoking on the campus. Remem-
ber, no one admires a man who cheats at

(Rifi'iliii l">'i' tilt KiUlnriii/ pfi</,- of tin Miiy l'>24 'I'n hii'n/ra/'li)


If you are about to decide on your
future employment and are grad-
uating with outstanding scholastic
achievement in engineering or the
physical sciences ... the Sandia
Corporation would like to arrange
an interview with you.
At Sandia, you would work in re-
search, design and development, or
engineering. Our scientists and en-
gineers are engaged in projects in
the fields of solid state physics,
plasma physics, materials research,
explosives technology, pulse phe-
nomena and radiation damage.
You would work in a modern well-
equipped $120 million laboratory
and be associated with some of this

nation's outstanding technical per-
sonnel. You would receive liberal
benefits which, in addition to insur-
ance, retirement and vacation, in-
clude an opportunity for continuing
your graduate studies.
You would be employed in sunny,
dry Albuquerque, a Southwestern
cultural center of over 250,000, or
in our laboratory at Livermore,
California, with all the advantages
of the San Francisco Bay area.

Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
at all Decree Levels

At MS and PhD Levels
Aeronautical Engineers
Ceramic Engineers
Chemical Engineers

Industrial Engineers



Physical Metallurgists


Engineering Physicists


Sandia Corporation recruiters will be
on your campus soon.* For appoint-
ment for interview, see your College
Placement Offioer now.
Equal Opportunity Employer


•The Sandia representative will be on campus Oct. 23-



The Dean's Page . . .




By Dean H. L. Wakeland

I'Or a nunihiT ot U'ars the >raff nicnibfr> in tlu' College ot Liigiiicfiiiiy; ha\e made pciMiiial rat-
ings on each ot the iippcrelass students the.\ have in class. A composite of these personal ratings then
becomes a part ot each giaduating senior's permanent college record altiiough it tioes not appear on his

Staff members are asked to rank the students on the basis of personal characteristics such as
personality, judgment, industry, initiative, leadership, cooperation, appearance and selt-control and are
asked to give anv other remarks the\ may have about the student. The College of Engineering had never
intended to perform this function in secret or without the students awareness of what was being done.
However, through the \ears the procedure was commonh' accepted. Since a continued effort has not
been made to mform students about this function, many did not realize it was being done. An\- student
ma\ see the personal ratings given him upon request.

\\^hen a prospective emplover is seeking information about an engineering graduate, such person-
al information is important to both the employer and the emplovee. Though this practice has been in
effect for a number of years, some students last vear questioned the desirability, fairness and ap-
propriateness of such a system. .Apparently thev felt that it was an invasion of their privacy and the
University should be concerned onlv with their acaciemic record.

The goal of any universitv is to educate a student and not simply to graduate a "facts man" or
a "thinker without direction." If the student hasn't gained a respect for those about him, if he hasn't
achieved reasonable judgment, if he hasn't learned to work with others, if he hasn't learned to use his
knowledge for the betterment of society — he is not truly educated. These traits cannot be taught direct-
ly in the classroom but must be taught indirectly there, as well as in student activities and campus living.
The university cannot guarantee that each graduate possesses these traits, but certainly has the responsi-
bility and right to observe the student's performance and general attitude.

All too often we read of highly educated persons, placed in positions of trust and responsibility,
committing dishonest and dishonorable acts. Recent cases cited of scientists being disloyal to the I nited
States Government and engineers involved in price fixing scandals point out what may happen if col-
lege graduates lack the ilesirable characteristics normally expected. Not onlv did they fail as indiv iduals
in their respective positions, but the persons or society which allowed them to gain such positions also
failed in judging them as individuals.

W'e each are judged daily by our employer, our neighbors, our fellow workers, and we in turn
select leaders in all phases of our lives — in industry, in our community, and in politics — on the basis
of our judgment. Is it so surprising that the University would wish to make a record of students'
personal characteristics or that a prospective emplov er would appreciate the benefit of someone else's

Perhaps the worst recommendation a student could have would be if the school from which he
graduated had no record of him at all. If a prospective emplover should ask about a graduate and be
told that no staff member knew him or remembered him, the employer might immediately conclude
that the student was either a poor student or an introvert. If, on the other hand, the employer receives
a prompt answer giving the student's personal characteristics and academic record, the employer should
be favorably impressed.

In addition, a student should realize that his actions are being judged by others each day and
should always put forth his best. Many of the student's college day acquaintances and experiences are
lasting and the impression he leaves may linger for some time. Students relv upon their college profes-
sors for recommendations for several years after graduation and should conduct their personal lives
in such a manner as to warrant a decent recommendation.

Employment survevs have shown time and again that the greatest cause for people losing theii'
jobs is a lack of personal characteristics — such as personalitv, judgment, willingness to cooperate, and
attitude — as compared with lack of mental abilitv' or calibre.

The student body should also realize that personal evaluation is a two-way street, and they too
have an opportunity to judge staff' members. Recently, one of the housing groups initiated a program to
rate staff members as instructors. Such a program would not onlv be vvelcf)nied but could be quite useful
in improving our level of teaching. We can all profit thru the critcism and evaluations others make
of VIS if we take such criticism in a constructive manner. ♦♦♦



Wheat seedlings fertilized with Phillips 66 Agricultural Amnionia

Interested in Growth? phiipsis

agriculturally, as the oil industr)'s largest producer of nitro-
gen fertilizers. And Phillips is interested in growth as a highly
diversified oil company that is actively engaged in such
growth enterprises as petrochemicals and atomic energy.
Phillips is also one of the fastest growing marketers of gaso-
line, motor oil and other petroleum products. It leads the oil
industry in the sale of natural gas, the production of natural
gas liquids, and is the world's largest producer-marketer of
liquefied petroleum gas. In addition, Phillips leads the oil
industry in the production of polyolefin plastics, and is a
major supplier of synthetic rubber and oil furnace carbon
black, hydrocarbon chemicals and raw materials for plastics.
Because of this continuing growth and leadership in nu-
merous fields of endeavor, you will find many outstanding
career opportunities with Phillips Petroleum Company.
There are many opportunities in research and development
for engineers, chemists and physicists. Excellent opportuni-
ties also exist in geophysics, geology, petroleum production,
transportation, refining, marketing and computer program-
ming. Phillips Petroleum Company aggressively pursues a

policy of upgrading petroleum raw materials by making a
wide range of chemicals from petroleum, thus the potential
for new opportunities with this company is virtually un-

Qualified college graduates will find working for Phillips
an exciting and rewarding experience. New and significant
developments . . . important research discoveries . . . new oil
and gas fields, new plants, added marketing areas create de-
mands for personnel qualified to assume added responsibili-
ties and move forward in this dynamic company.

Phillips is an equal opportunity employer. For full details,
write to our Employee Relations Department. Arrangements
for an interview with a Phillips Representative can be made
through your College Placement Office.


Bartlesville, Oklahoma


Your future in chemical engineering is his business

He's a Monsanto Professional Employment representa-
tive. He's your representative, too . . . your link between
campus and company. His knowledge of Monsanto is
complete, and he's especially qualified to counsel with
you regarding your future.

Ask him about Monsanto's diversity — in geography,
activities, products — that means ever-expanding op-
portunity for the young man of exceptional promise.
Ask him about Monsanto's research -mindedness, how-
it helps develop your creativity. Ask this expert in

futures about the future Monsanto offers you in research,
engineering, manufacturing and marketing.

See your Placement Director to arrange an interview
when we visit your campus soon. Or write for our
new brochure, "You, Your
Career and Monsanto," to
Professional Employment
Manager, Department EM-3.
Monsanto Chemical Com-
pany, St. Louis 66, Missouri.


KTOBER, 1962 9

During the svininier months, nianv
IlHni engineering students spent their
\ acations learning as well as earning.
The primary purpose of anyone's sum-
Hier employment, of course, is to pre-
pare for the ensuing financial draught
of the school year. Some of the more
fortunate and enterprising Illini dared
to steal an early glimpse of the future

Online LibraryUnited States. Congress. Senate. Committee on GoveTechnograph (Volume 78 (1962 - 1963)) → online text (page 1 of 40)