United States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign Commerce.

Consular reports, Issues 196-199 online

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VII. — Champagne Reexported to England ) 172

> Meeker

VIII. — Weavers' Wages in Bradford J 173

IX. — South Wales Coal Trade. ) 175

\ Howel's

X. — South Wales. Tin-Plate Trade j 178

XI. — Aliens Law of the South African Republic Quinby 179

XII. — (ioLD Traffic and Gold Mining in Madagascar Wetter 180

XIII. — United States versus Argentine Tobacco in GoRfen-

Dakar Strickland 187

XIV. — Restriction of American Meats in Switzerland ) i88

XV^ — Swiss Trade with the Argentine Republic ! 190

,,,,. ^, w ^ \ Germain

XVI. — NoNAL(OHoLic Liquors in Switzerland 192

XVMI. — Caltfor.nia Fruits in Europe J 193

XVIII. — American Fruit in Germany Robertson 198

XIX. — American Apples Monaghan 198

XX. — Fruit Crop of Italy Huntington 200

XXL — Abusf-s in Italian Fruit Shipments ] 201

XXII. — Cost of Fruit Growing in Italy J 204

XXIII. — Principal Citrous Products of Sicily Caui^hy 205

XXIV. — Treatment of Vine Diseases in Italy Br'uhl 207

XXV. — Supply of Greek Currants Norton 208

XXVI. — Orange Cultivation in Mexico ^V. J, Crittenden 209

XXVII. — American Bicycles in Germany \... .Tingle 222

XXVIIL— Growth of German Life Insurance Companies Moore 225

XXIX. — Typhus Antitoxin Sawter 227

XXX. — The Book Trade of Germany o'pp 227

XXXI. — Manufacture of Explosives in Germany ] 233

XXXII. — How Germans Dye Cotton \ Monaghan 234

XXXIII. — German Exports in 1895 J 235

XXXIV. — Potash Salts as Fertilizers in Germany Moore 236



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II CONTENTS.

Page.

XXXV. — German Glass and Ceramics in England 1 240

XXXVI. — The Cotton Industry of Saxony j 240

XXXVII. — Linen Industry of Bohemia Ernst 241

XXXVIII. — The Silk Industry in Russia \ 244

XXXIX. — Commercial and Trade Schools in Russia j 252

XL. — Spanish Trade in Manufactures ) 253

XLI. — Spanish Fisheries j 254

XLII. — ^The Province and City of Malaga Bartleman 257

XLIII. — Sherry Vintage of 1896 Adanis 260

,,, „, _ ^ ^ ( Adams

XLIV. — Olive Crop of Spain \ 261

( Caldwell

XLV. — Productive Forces of Cuba Hyatt 262

XLVI. — Kerosene Output of Japan Mclvor 264

XLVII. — Railway and Engineering Development in Siam Barrett 265

XLVIII. — German Trade Commission to Eastern Asia Sawter 268

XLVIX. — Siberian Railroad Extension in China Karel 270

L. — Estimates of Siberian Railroad Traffic Monat;han 274

LI. — Siberia as a Grain-Exporting Country Stephan 276

LII. — Notes (American Beef in Germany — English Coal in Germany — Potatoes
in England, France, and Germany — Recent Decrees in Madagascar —
Proposed Railway in Mozambique — Tariff Changes in Curasao —
Trade Catalogues in Foreign Languages — New Spinning Mill at
Crefeld — Packing of Goods for Chile — Concessions in Nicaragua —
Banana and Coffee Lands in Nicaragua — Building Slates for Ireland —
Commercial Agencies in Ireland — Business of the New Kaiser Wil-
belm Canal — Consular Reports Transmitted to Other Departments).. 279
LIII. — Foreign Reports and Publications (An English View of Ger-
many's Industrial Development — American Steel Rails for Japan —
Portuguese Centenary of India — Iron and Steel Industry in China).... 289



Kull dlrectlonti for t>lndin{e the Conaulttr Keporta are ffiven In No.

131, pase 663.



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REFH3RTS BY COUNTRIES.

Argentine Republic : Page.

Trade with Switzerland r 190

Asia, Eastern:

German trade commission to 268

Bohemia :

Linen industry of. 241

Chile:

Packing of goods for 285

China:

Siberian railroad extension in 270

Cuba:

Productive forces of 262

Curasao:

TariflF changes in 283

England :

Champagne reexported to « 172

Potatoes in 280

Weavers' wages in Bradford 173

Europe :

California fruits in 193

France:

Paris exposition of 1900 145

Potatoes in 280

Germany :

A new crisis in sugar production in 167

American apples in 198

American beef in 279

American bicycles in 222

American fruit in 198

Beet-sugar returns for 1895-96 170

Business of the new Kaiser Wilhelm Canal 288

English coal in 279

Exports in 1895 235

Glass and ceramics of, in England 240

Growth of life insurance companies in 225

How Germans dye cotton 234

Improved method of filtration in 164

Manufacture of explosives in 233

New spinning mill at Crefeld 284

Potash salts as fertilizers in 236

Potatoes in 280

The book trade of. 227

Typhus antitoxin in 227

GoRfeE- Dakar :

United States versus Argentine tobacco in 187

III



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IV REPORTS BY COUNTRIES.

Greece : Page.

Supply of carrants in 208

Ireland:

Building slates for 287

Commercial agencies in 287

Italy :

Abuses in fruit shipments from 201

Cost of fruit growing in 204

Fruit crop of. 200

Principal citrous products of Sicily 205

Treatment of vine diseases in 207

Japan :

Kerosene output of. 264

Madagascar :

Gold mining and gold traffic in 180

Recent decrees in 281

Martinique :

Trade catalogues in foreign languages in 2S4

Mexico :

Orange cultivation in 209

Mozambique :

Proposed railroad in 283

Nicaragua :

Banana and coffee lands in 286

Concessions in 286

Russia :

Commercial and trade schools in 252

Silk industry in 244

Saxony :

Cotton industry of. 240

SiAM:

Railway and engineering development in 265

Siberia:

As a grain-exporting country 276

Estimates of railroad traffic in 274

S<WTH African Republic :

Aliens law of. 179

Spain :

Fisheries of. 254

Olive crop of. 261

Sherry vintage of 1896 260

The province and city of Malaga 257

Trade in manufactures 253

Sweden :

Exhibition of Stockholm, 1897 161

Switzerland :

Nonalcoholic liquors in 192

Restriction of American meals in 188

The Paris exposition and 161

Trade with the Argentine Republic 190

Wales, South :

Coal trade of 175

Tin-plate trade of 178



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VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.

The following statements show the valuation of foreign coins, as given by
the Director of the United States Mint and published by the Secretary of the
Treasury, in compliance with the first section of the act of March 3, 1873,
viz : '* I'hat the value of foreign coins, as expressed in the money of account
of the United States, shall be that of the pure metal of such coin of standard
value,'* and that **the value of the standard coins in circulation of the vari-
ous nations of the world shall be estimated annually by the Director of the
Mint, and be proclaimed on the ist day of January by the Secretary of
the Treasury.**

In compliance with the foregoing provisions of law, annual statements
were issued by the Treasury Department, beginning with that issued on Jan-
uary I, 1874, and ending with that issued on January i, 1890. Since that
date, in compliance with the act of October i, 1890, these valuation state-
ments have been issued quarterly, beginning with the statement issued on
January i, 1891.

These estimates '*are to be taken (by customs officers) in computing the
value of all foreign merchandise made out in any of said currencies, imported
into the United States.**

The following statements, running from January i, 1874, to April i,
1894, have been prepared to assist in computing the proper values in Ameri-
can money of the trade, prices, values, wages, etc. , of and in foreign coun-
tries, as given in consular and other reports. The series of years are given
so that computations may be made for each year in the proper money values
of such year. In hurried computations, the reductions of foreign currencies
into American currency, no matter for how many years, are too often made
on the bases of latest valuations. When it is taken into account that the ruble
of Russia, for instance, has fluctuated from 77. 1 7 cents in 1874 to 37. 2 cents in
April, 1894, such computations are wholly misleading. All computations
of values, trade, wages, prices, etc., of and in the ** fluctuating-currency coun-
tries** should be made in the values of their currencies in each year up to
and including 1890, and in the quarterly valuations thereafter.

To meet typographical requirements, the quotations for the years 1876,
1877, 1879, 1881, and 1882 are omitted, these years being selected as show-
ing the least fluctuations when compared with years immediately preceding
and following.

To save unnecessary repetition, the estimates of valuations are divided
into three classes, viz: (A) countries with fixed currencies, (B) countries
with fluctuating currencies, and (C) quarterly valuations of fluctuating cur-
rencies.

v



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VI



VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.



A. — Countries with fixed currencies.
The following official (United States Treasury) valuations of foreign coins do not include ** rates of exchange."
It follows, therefore, that when foreign money orders are required, the post-office authorities, to save the De-
partment from incurring loss in such transactions, add the rale of exchange to these valuations.



Countries.



Argentine Republic*....



Austria- Hungaryf. .

Belgium

Brazil



British North America
(except Newfound-
land)).

Chilel



Cuba..



Denmark..

Egypt



Fmland..
France...



Germany

Great Britain..



Greece..



Haiti....
Italy....



Liberia..

Nethcrlandsg ....

Newfoundland..

Portugal

Spain



Standard.



Gold and silver...



Gold

Gold and silver...

Gold

.... do



Gold and silver....
do



Gold..
do..



do

Gold and silver....



Gold...
do..



Gold and silver..



..do...
..do...



Gold

Gold and silver....



Gold

Gold

Gold and silver....



Sweden and Norway...

Switzerland , Gold and silver...



Gold.



Turkey

Venezuela..



Gold

Gold and silver...



Monetary unit.



Peso.



Crown...
Franc...
Milreis.,
Dollar..



Peso..
do.



Crown

Pound (loo pias-
ters).
Mark



Franc.



Mark

Pound sterling..



Drachma..



Gourde..
Lira



Value in
terms of
Unhed
States
gold.



fo.96,5

.ao,3
.i9»3
.54,6
1. 00



Coins.



Gold— Argentine ($4.82,4) and »4
Argentine ; silver — peso and di-
visions.

Gold — 9o crowns ($4.05,2) and 10
crowns.

Gold — 10 and 90 franc pieces ; sil- "
ver— 5 francs.

Gold — 5, 10, and 20 milreia; sil-
ver— )4, I, and 2 milreis.



.91,2 Gold — escudo ($1.82,4), doubloon
($4.56,1;, and condor ($9.12,8);
silver — peso and divisions.

. 92. 6 Gold — doubloon ($5.01 ,7) ; silver-
peso.

. 26, 8 I Gold — 10 and 20 crowns.
4.94, 3 Gold — 10, 20, 50, and 100 piasters ;
silver— 1, 2, 10, and 20 piasters.

. 19,3 Gold — 10 and 20 marks ($1.03 and
^3.85,9).

• »9t 3 Gold — 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 francs :
silver— 5 francs.

.23,8 Gold— 5, 10, and 20 marks.
4.86,6^ Gold — sovereign (pound sterling)
and half sovereign.

. 19,3 Gold^5, 10,20, 50, and 100 drach-
mas; silver— 5 drachmas.

. 96, 5 Silver — ^gourde.

.19,3 Gold — 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 lire;
silver— 5 lire.



Dollar 1. 00

Florin ' .40,2



Dollar : i.G



Milreb .,
Peseta..,



Crown..
Franc...



Piaster..
Bolivar..



1.08
.i9»3

.26,8
•>9»3

• 04,4

•19,3



Gold — 10 florins; silver — ^,i,and
2^ florins.

Gold — $2 ($2.02,7).

Gold — 1, 2, 5, and 10 milreis.

Gold — 25 pesetas ; silver — 5 pese-
tas.

Gold— 10 and 20 crowns.

Gold— 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 francs;
silver — 5 francs.

Gold — 25, 50, 100, 200, and 500
piasters.

Gold — 5, 10, 20, 50. and 100 boli-
vars ; silver — 5 bolivars.



♦ In 1874 and 1875 the gold standard prevailed in the Argentine Republic. Its currency does not appear
in the statements again until 1883, when the double sUndard prevailed, and the peso atuined a fixed value of
96.5 cents.

t On reference to the table of " fluctuating currencies," it will be seen that Austria had the silver standard
up to and including the quarter ending July 1, 1892. The next quarter (October 1) inaugurated the gold stand-
ard (j^^note under table of " fluctuating currencies ").

J The gold standard prevailed in Chile until January i, 1890. The value of the peso has been the same
under both standards.

§The Netheriaods florin, as will be seen in the " fluctuating " uble, became fixed in value (40.2 cents) in
1880.



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VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.



VII



B. — Countries with JlucHuUing currencies^ 1874 ^go.



Countries.



Standard. Monetary unit.



Austria- Hungary*. Silver..
Bolivia.. do..



Central America...! do...

China j Silver..

Colombia I do..,

Ecuador.- 1 do..,

Egyptf.. Gold-



Value in terms of the United States gold dollar on
January i—



1874.



India.. Silver

f Gold

J'^P^" i Silver

Mexico do.„

Netherlands % ! Gold and silver..

Peru ' Silver ,

Russia ' do

Tripoli.. j do.„ ,



Florin i|o.

Dollar u n t i 1 I .
1880; bolivi-
ano there-
after.

Peso

Haikwan tael....

Peso

do

Pound (100
piasters).

Rupee

Yen I



47,6
96,5



96,5
6x

96.5
96,5



4$, 8
99.7



1875 ; 1878. I 1880.



*o.45»3
•96,5



.91,8
X.61

•96,5
.91,8



1883. ; 1884.



^■45,3 ^-41.

.96,5 .83.



(.40, 1
.81,2



.91,8 I .83,6



.43.6
•99.7



Dollar....

Florin

Sol

Ruble... ,

Mahbub of ao
piasters. |



•96,5
.91,8

4-97.4

.43.6 :

•99,7 I



.83.

.83.

4-97,

•39,
•99,



.81,2
.8x^2

[.90 I



10.39,8
.80,6



.80,6
.80,6
4.90



.38.6 .38,3



I



04,7il


.99.8


•99,8


.90,


40,5 i


.38.5


.38.5 1


.40


9>.S,


■91.8


.91,8 '


.83


77.171


•73,4


•73,4 !


.66


87.09


.82,9


.82,9


•741



• 87,6

.88.2 I



•86,9
.87.S



.81,2


.80,6


.65


.64,5


•73,3


.7a,7



Countries.



Standard.



Austria-Hungary*.
Bolivia



Silver

do.-



Monetary unit.



Value in terms of the United States gold dollar on
January i —



1 I

X885. 1886. X887.



Dollar until
I 1880: bolivi-
] ano there-
1 after.

Central America do , Peso

Colombia- ' do— i do..-

Ecuador ' do.- do

Egyptf- Gold..- Pound (\oo

pia.<iters).

India. Silver,

f Gold..

( Silver,

Mexico- do.

Peru Silver.

Russia.- ' do.



Florin 10.39,3 $0.37,1 1^.35,9 #0.34.5 ifo.33,6

.72.7 .69,9 I .68 I



•75,



X890.

I0.42
.85



•79,5
.79,5
4.(,o



.75,1
.75.1
4.90



Japan..



Rupee..
Yen



.37,8 I .35,7



.85,8
.86,4
•79,5



TripoU....



do..



Dollar

Sol

Ruble 63,6

Mahbub of 20 .71,7
piasters.



.81
.81,6
•75,»
.60.1

.67,7



•7a, 7

•72,7 I
4-94,3 '

•34,6 ;

•99,7 t

.78,4

•79

•72,7

.58,2

.65,6



•69,9


68




69,9


68





69,9


68




94,3 ! 4


94,3


4-


•33,2


32,3




•99.7


99,7




•75,3


73,4


75.9


73.9 , •


69,9


68




•55,9


54.4




•63


61,4





.85
.85
.85

f-93.3

40,4
99,7
9»,7
92,3

85
68

A 7



•The silver standard prevailed in Austria- Hungary up to 1892. The law of August 2 of that year {set
CoKSVLAR Rbports, No. 147, p. 623) established the gold standard.
fThe Egyptian pound became fixed in value at $4.94,3 in 1887.
X The Netherlands florin fluctuated up to the year x88o, when it became fixed at 40.2 cents.



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VIII



VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.



C. — Quartgriy valuations of fluctuating currencies.



»893.



1894.



Monetary unit.



lk>livia„ Silver boliviano. |o. 61, 3 ^.61



Cenural America..., Silver peso 1

[ [ Shanghai tael '

Haikwan taeL..|

Tientsintael

Chefootael -L



China* ~



t



.61,3
.90,6
1. 01



I



I,



Colombia^ Silver peso..

Ecuador ' do



India Silver rupee. „...

Japanf Silver yen

Mexico Silver dollar^...

Peru Silver sol

Russia^ Silver ruble

Tripoli Silver mahbub..

Venezuela^ Silver bolivar....



.6., 3
.61,3
.39.3
.66,1
.66,6
.61,3

.55.3



.61
.90,1
1.00,4



>.6o,4
.60,4
.89.2
•99M



I Jan. 1. April I. July i, Oct. i. I Jan. i. April i. July i. Oct. 1



^•53»«

I .53.1

.78,4

I .87,4



>o.5i,6

• 76,2
.84,9



^.46,5
.46,5
.68,6

.76,5



,.|..



|o.45»7
•45,7
.67,6

•75,3



.61

.61

.99

.65,8

.66,2

.61

.48.8

•55



.60,4
.60,4

.28,7
.65,1
.65,6
.60,4
.48.3
•54,5



10.46,4

.46,4
•68,5
•76.3
■72,7
•71,7



•53,1
.53.>

•35,2
.57,3

•57,7
•53,1
•42,5
.47,9



•51,6


.46.5 j


•45.7


.46,4


.5X.6


.46,5 ;


•45,7 •


.46,4


•24,5


.22,1


.21,7


.aa


.55,6


•50,1


•49,3


•50


•56


.50,5 ;


•49,7 1


• 50,4


.51,6


.46,5


.45,7


.46.4


.41,3


• 37,2


• 36.6


•37,1


.46.5


•4»,9


•41,3


.41,8



Countries.



Bolivia

Central America..



China*..



Colombia..

Ecuador

India

Japant

Mexico



x895^



1896.



Monetary unit.



I



Jan. I. 'April z. July i. Oct. 1. Jan. 1, April i. July i



Silver boliviano

Silver peso

Amoy i.ael

Canton tael

Chcfoo tael

Chinkiang tael..

Fuchau tael

Haikwan tael...

Hankow tad

Ningpo tael

N inch wang tael.
Shanghai tael...

Swalow tael

Takao Uel

Tientsintael

Silver peso

do

Silver rupee

Silver yen

Silver dollar



Persia Silver kran

Peru Silver sol

Russia J Silver ruble

Tripoli Silver mahbub..



|o.45,5 $0.44,1 10.48,6 .48,6
•45,5 I .44,1 ^48,6 .48,6



Jo. 49, 1 $0.49,3 $0.49,7



.70,4 ' .68,3 .75,1 .75,2



•74,9 ' -75,6 80 .80,0



.67.3 \ .65,2 I .71,8



.71,-

•45.1

• 45.;

.ai,(
•49,

49,!



.60,2 ■
.44,. I

.44.1
.21,0

•47.6 \
•47,9 ,



.7«.8



•45,
•36,



5 •44.1
4 I ^35,3
> 3-9,8



•76,1


.76.2


• 48,6


.48,6


.48,6


.48,6


• a3,»


.23,1


•52,4


• 52.4


.52,8


•52,8


.08,9


.09,0


• 48,6


• 48.6


•38,9


•38.9


.43,8


.43,8




* China (silver). The Haikwan tael is the customs tael, and the Shanghai tael that used in trade. Con-
sul-Gcneral Denny (Consl'LAR Repokts No. 43, p. 516) says: ** The value of the tael varies m the different
ports of China, and every port has two tacls, one being the Government, or Haikwan, tael, in which all duties
have to be paid, and the other the market tael."

f Gold is the nominal standard in Japan, but silver is practically the standard, llie fixed value ol the
gold yen is 99.7 cents.

^ 1 he gold ruble is valued at 77.3 cents. Silver is the nominal standard, but paper is the actual currency,
and its depreciation is measured by the gold standard.

\ The Venezuelan bolivar became fixed in value (19.3 cents) on January x, 1893.



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FOREIGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

The following table embraces only such weights and measures as are
given from time to time in Consular Reports and in Commercial Rela-
tions :

Foreign weights and measures^ with American equivalents.



Denominations .



Almude.
Ardeb....
Are-



Arobe

Arratel or libra....
Arroba (dry)

Do

Do

Do...

Do

Do..

Arroba (liquid)....

Arshine

Arshine (square)..

Artcl.„

Baril

Barrel

Do

Berkovet

Bongkal

Bonw..

Bu



Where used.



American equivalent.



Butt (wine)

Cafliso

Candy

Do..

Cantar

Do

Do

Cantaro (Cantar)..

Caiiga

Catty-

Do..

Do

Do..

Centaro.

Centner.

Do..

Do..

Do..

Do..

Do

Do.

Do..

Do

Chlh

Coyan....

Do..



Portugal 4.423 gallons.

Egypt. 7-^7 bushels.

Metric 0.03471 acre.

Paraguay.. 35 pounds.

Portugal i.oxi pounds.

Argentine Republic 25.3175 pounds.

Brazil „ 32.38 pounds.

Cuba 35.3664 pounds.

Portugal 33.38 pounds.

Spain.. 35.36 pounds.

Venezuela. 35-4094 pounds.

Cuba, Spain, and Venezuela 4-263 gallons.

Russia 38 inches.

do.. 5.44 square feet.

Morocco X.I3 pounds.

Argentine Republic and Mexico 30.0787 gallons.

Malta (customs).. xi.4 gallons.

Spain (raisms).. 100 pounds.

Russia „ 361. 13 pounds.

India 83a grains.

Sumatra. IP'^l square meters.

Japan. o.x inch.

Spain.. 140 gallons.

Malta 5.4 gallons.

India (Bombay).. 539 pounds.

India (Madias) 500 pounds.

Morocco ii3pounds.

Syria (Damascus) 575 pounds.

Turkey.. 124.7036 pounds.

Malta. 175 pounds.

Mexico and Salvador 300 pounds.

China i-333J^ ('?6) pounds.

Japan 1.31 pounds.

Java, Siam, Malacca. z.35 pounds.

Sumatra 3.13 pounds.

Central America. 4«363t gallons.

Bremen and Brunswick z>7-5 pounds.

Darmstadt no 34 pounds.

Denmark and Norway. 110.11 pounds.

Nuremberg 112.43 pounds.

Prussia 113.44 pounds.

Sweden 93.7 pounds.

Vienna ' 133.5 pounds.

ZoUverein 1 110.24 pounds.

Double or metric 330.46 pounds.

China 14 inches.

Sarawak 3*098 pounds.

Siam (Koyan) | 3,667 pounds.



IX



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FOREIGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.



Foreign weights and measures^ with American equivalents — G>ntinued.



Denominations.



Where used.



American equivalent.



Cuadra

Do

Do

Do

Cubic meter I Metric.

Cwi. (hundredweight) British

Dessiatine.. Russia.

Do Spain...

Dr.nchmc ; Greece,

Dun

Egyptian weights and measures

Fanega (dry)

Do

Do

Do

Do



Argentine Republic.

Paraguay

Paraguay (square)....
Uruguay



Japan

{See Consular Reports No. 144.)

Central America ,

Chile

Cuba

Mexico

Morocco



Do Uruguay (double)

Do Uruguay (single)

Do Venezuela

Fanega (liquid) Spain

Feddan Egypt

Frail (raisins) Spain. >.

Frasco Argentine Republic.

Do ', Mexico

Fuder ■ Luxemburg

Gamice Russian Poland



Gram

Hectare

Hectoliter:

Dry

Liquid..

Joch

Ken



Metric....,
do..



do.

do

Austria-Hungary..,
Japan



Kilogram (kilo) Metric

Kilometer do

Klafter Russia.

Kota Japan ,

Korree Russia

I^st j Belgium and Holland .

Do England (dry malt)....

Do I Germany



Do Prussia..



Do

Do

League (land)

Li

Libra (pound)

Do

Do Central America,

Do Chile

Do Cuba



Russian Poland

Spain (salt)

Paraguay

China

Castilian

Argentine Republic.



Do..
Do..
Do..
Do..



Mexico

Peru

Portugal....
Uruguay ...

Do Venezuela..

Liter Metric

Livrc (pound) Greece

Do Guiana .„...



4.a acres.
78.9 yards.
8.077 square feet.
Nearly 3 acres.
35.3 cubic feet.
1 12 pounds.
2.6997 acres.
1.599 bushels.
Half ounce.

1 inch.

1.5745 bushels.

2.575 bushels.

1.599 hushels.

1.54728 bushels.

Strike fanega, 70 lbs.;

full fanega, 118 lbs.
7.776 bushels.
3.888 bushels.
1.599 bushels.
16 gallons.
1.03 acres.
50 pounds.
2.5096 quarts.
2.5 quarts.
264 17 gallons.
0.88 gallon.
15.432 grains.
2.471 acres.

2.838 bushels.
26.417 gallons.
1.422 acres.
4 yards.
2.2046 pounds.

621376 mile.
216 cubic feet.

5.13 bushels.
3 5 bushels.
85.134 bushels.
82.52 bushels.

2 metric tons (4,480
pounds).

iia.29 bushels.
ii-H bushels.
4,760 pounds.
4,633 acres.
2,115 feet.
7,100 grains (troy).
1.0127 pounds.
1.043 pounds.

1.014 pounds.

1 0161 pounds.
1.01465 pounds.
1.0143 pounds.
1.011 pounds.
1. 0143 pounds.
1.0161 pounds.
1.0567 quarts,
i.i pounds.
X.079X pounds.



Digitized by



Google



FOREIGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.



XI



Foreign weights and measures^ with American equivalents — Continued.



Denominations.



Load...



Manzana ..

Marc

Maund

Meter

Mil

Do..
Morgen.....
Okc



Do..

Do..

Do..

Do..

Pic

Picul... ,

Do..

Do..

Do..

Do..



Pie

Do

Pile

Pood

Pund (pound)..
Quarter

Do

Quintal......

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do-

Rottle

Do.«

Sagen

Salm...

Se....



Seer..~

Shaku,...

Sho

Standard (St. Petersburg)..

Stone

Suerte



Where used.



American equivalent.



England (timber)..



Costa Rica

Bolivia

India

Metric

Denmark

Denmark (geographical)

Prussia

Egypt

Greece

Hungary

Turkey.^

Hungary and Wallachia

Egypt

Borneo and Celebes

(^ina, Japan, and Sumatra

Java

Philippine Islands (hemp)

Philippine Islands (sugar)

Argentine Republic

Castilian

Turkey

Russia

Denmark and Sweden

Great Britain

London (coal)... ,

Argentine Republic

Brazil

Castile, Chile, Mexico, and Peru..

Greece

Newfoundland (fish)

Paraguay...

Syria

Metric ,

Palestine

Syria

Russia ,

Malta

Japan

India

Japan ,

do

Lumber measure

British ,

Uruguay ,



Tael

Tan

To.„

Ton

Tonde (cereals)..

Tondeland

Tsubo

Tsun

Tunna

Tunnland..

Vara



Do.-,.
Do.„..



' Cochin China

I Japan

I do

I Space measure

Denmark

do

I Japan

China

Sweden

do

' Argentine Republic.



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign CommerceConsular reports, Issues 196-199 → online text (page 22 of 82)