United States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign Commerce.

Consular reports, Issues 196-199 online

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XIV. — Railroads in Venezuela

XV. — The Great Venezuela Railway

XVI. — Launch Service at Maracaibo

XVII. — Tariff Changes in Venezuela

XVIII. — Restriction of Heron Hunting in Venezuela.

XIX. — Trade Methods in South America Johnstone

XX. — Trade Conditions in Central America .Jamigan

XXI. — Canadian Emigration to Brazil Haugwitz

XXII. — Factories at Bahia _. McDaniel

XXIII. — Finances of Colombia AfcKinney

XXIV. — Colombia: Agreement with the Bondholders Sleeper

XXV. — Quebracho Tanning in Uruguay Schramm

XXVI. — Sugar Industry of the Dominican Republic Smyth

XXVII. — Banana Industry of Honduras. Jamigan

XXVHI. — Elastic Fabrics in Japan Connelly

XXIX. — ^Japanese Buckwheat for the United States Mclvor

XXX. — German Tourist Clubs Parker

XXXI. — Census of the Working People of Germany Sawter

XXXII. — The Date Trade of Bassorah Hamilton

XXXIII. — Double Spar of Iceland Kirk

XXXIV. — The Iron Industry of Sweden Boyesen

XXXV.— Iron Works of Sweden O'Neil

XXXVI. — Passports in Turkey Terrell



Page.

447
452
453
454
455
457
458

459
461
462
462
464
466
467
469

479
480
480
481
482
484
487
490

491
494
498
499
501
502
503
507
508
510
511
514
515



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II CONTENTS.



XXXVII. — American Flour in Ireland ) 515

Taney



Page.

XXXVIII. — Cost of Illuminating Gas in Belfast j ^"^-^ 516

XXXIX. — Photography in Natural Colors Mason 518

XL. — The Fruit Trade of Sicily Caugky 521

XLI. — Potato Growing in Ireland Ashby 525

XLII. — Revised Mining Law in Madagascar Witter 532

XLIII. — Cotton Spinning in Austria Ernst 533

XLIV. — German Capital and Industry ) 535

\ Stem
XLV. — Agriculture and Intermediate Trade in Germany j 539

XLVI. — Fires and Fire Insurance in Germany Moore 541

XLVIL — Tobacco in the Netherlands.^ Dovmes 542

XLVIII. — The Lace Industry of Calais Shepard 547

XLIX. — Credit-Protecting Unions in Germany Monaghan 551

L. — Files, Horseshoe Nails, etc., in Switzerland Germain 553

LI. — Manchester Cotton Yarn for the United States Grinnell 556

LII. — The Weaving Industry of Aix la Chapelle Bartholow 558

LIII. — United States Trade in the Argentine Repubuc Buchanan 559

LIV. — Consular Reports and Foreign Trade., Meeker 572

LV. — Meat-Inspection Laws in Belgium Ewing 573

LVI. — English Dairy Imports and Prices of Cereals Dickinson 577

LVII. — Notes (Two Looms for Woolen Weavers in Germany — Commercial
Travelers in Germany — Tax on Foreign Commercial Travelers in
Norway — New Transport Line to Berlin — Superiority of Banking in
France — German Traffic through the Suez Canal — A Lesson in Econ-
omy — The Production of Large Artificial Diamonds — Railways in
Spain — Census of the Hawaiian Islands — Plan to Exhibit American
Goods in Paraguay — Window Glass in Turkey — Manganese Mines in
Brazil — New Post-Office at Ghent — Consular Reports Transmitted to

Other Departments) 579

LVI II. — Foreign Reports and Publications (French Control in Madagas-
car — Agriculture in Tonkin — Resources of Abyssinia — Railways in
Russia — Economic Conditions in Holland — An English Company
in Morocco — English Administration in Egypt — Comparative Com-
merce of England, Germany, and France — Italian Exposition in
1898 — Melbourne Commerce — New Method of Making Tea in China —
Commerce in China — Sugar in Cuba) 587



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REF>ORTS BY COUNTRIES.

Argentine Republic: Page.

United States trade in 559

Austria :

Cotton spinning in 533

Belgium:

A lesson in economy 583

M^tt-inspection laws in 573

New post-office at Ghent 586

Brazil I

Canadian emigration to 4S4

Factories at Bahia 487

Manganese mines in 585

British Guiana :

Gold exports from 464

Central America :

Trade conditions in 482

Colombia :

Agreement with the bondholders 491

Finances of 490

Dominican Republic:

Sogar industry of. 498

Egypt:

German traffic through the Suez Canal 582

England :

Consular reports and foreign trade 572

Dairy imports and prices of cereals 577

Manchester cotton yam for the United States 556

France:

Photography in natural colors 518

Superiority of banking in 582

The lace industry of Calais 547

Weaving industry of Aix la Chapelle 558

Germany :

Agriculture and intermediate trade in 539

Capital and industry in 535

Census of the working people of 507

Commercial travelers in 580

Credit-protecting unions in 551

Fires and fire insurance in 541

New transport line to Berlin 581

Tourist clubs in 503

Two looms for woolen weavers in 579

Guatemala :

Newspapers in 466

III



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IV REPORTS BY COUNTRIES.

Guiana (British) :

Gold exports from 4^4

Hawaii :

Census of. 5^

Honduras :

Banana industry of. 499

Iceland:

Double spar of. 510

Ireland:

American flour in 515

Cost of illuminating gas in 516

Potato growing in 525

Italy :

The fruit trade of Sicily 521

Japan :

Buckwheat for the United States 502

Elastic fabrics in 501

Madagascar :

Revised mining law in 532

Netherlands:

Tobacco in 542

Nicaragua :

Books and paper for the trade of 457

British goods in 455

Coffee crop of 462

Duty on wines and liquors 447

Foreign settlers in 459

Honeybees in 461

Indemnity loan of 462

Reduction of tobacco duty in 452

Removal of duty on lard in 453

Transportation and trade at Bluefields 458

Vanilla culture in 454

Norway :

Tax on foreign commercial travelers in , 581

Paraguay :

Plan to exhibit American goods in 684

South America:

Trade methods in 481

Spain:

Railways in 584

Sweden :

Iron works of. 514

The iron industry of. 511

Switzerland :

Files, horseshoe nails, etc., in 553

The production of large artificial diamonds 583

Turkey :

Passjxjrts in 515

Window glass in 585

Turkey (Asiatic):

The date trade of Bassorah 508



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REPORTS BY COUNTRIES. V

United Kingdom:

English dairy imports and prices of cereals 577

United States:

Japanese buckwheat for 502

Uruguay :

Quebracho tanning in 494

Venezuela :

Launch service at Maracaibo 479

Railroads in 467

Restriction of heron hunting in 480

Tariff changes in 480

The Great Venezuela Railway 469



BHaII directions for blndlns the Consular Reports are alven In No.

131, pase 663.



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VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.

The following statements show the valuation of foreign coins, as given by
the Director of the United States Mint and published by the Secretary of the
Treasury, in compliance with the first section of the act of March 3, 1873,
viz: "That the value of foreign coins, as expressed in the money of account
of the United States, shall be that of the pure metal of such coin of standard
value," and that **the value of the standard coins in circulation of the vari-
ous nations of the world shall be estimated annually by the Director of the
Mint, and be proclaimed on the ist day of January by the Secretary of
the Treasury."

In compliance with the foregoing provisions of law, annual statements
were issued by the Treasury Department, beginning with that issued on Jan-
uary I, 1874, and ending with that issued on January i, 1890. Since that
date, in compliance with the act of October i, 1890, these valuation state-
ments have been issued quarterly, beginning with the statement issued on
January i, 1891.

These estimates "are to be taken (by customs officers) in computing the
value of all foreign merchandise made out in any of said currencies, imported
into the United States."

The following statements, running from January i, 1874, to April i,
1894, have been prepared to assist in computing the proper values in Ameri-
can money of the trade, prices, values, wages, etc. , of and in foreign coun-
tries, as given in consular and other reports. The series of years are given
so that computations may be made for each year in the proper money values
of such year. In hurried computations, the reductions of foreign currencies
into American currency, no matter for how many years, are too often made
on the bases of latest valuations. When it is taken into account that the ruble
of Russia, for instance, has fluctuated from 77. 1 7 cents in 1874 to 37. 2 cents in
April, 1894, such computations are wholly misleading. All computations
of values, trade, wages, prices, etc., of and in the " fluctuating-currency coun-
tries * * should be made in the values of their currencies in each year up to
and including 1890, and in the quarterly valuations thereafter.

To meet typographical requirements, the quotations for the years 1876,
1877, 1879, 1881, and 1882 are omitted, these years being selected as show-
ing the least fluctuations when compared with years immediately preceding
and following.

To save unnecessary repetition, the estimates of valuations are divided
into three classes, viz: (A) countries with fixed currencies, (B) countries
with fluctuating currencies, and (C) quarterly valuations of fluctuating cur-
rencies.



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VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.



VII



A. — Countries with fixed currencies.

The following official (United States Treasury) valuations or foreign coins do not include " rates of exchange."
It follows, therefore, that when foreign money orders are required, the post-office authorities, to save the De-
partment from incurring loss in such transactions, add the rate of exchange to these valuations.



Countries.



Argentine Republic*. ...



Austria- Hungaryf. .

Belgium

BraxU



British North America
(except Newfound-
land)).

ChUeJ



Cuba„



Denmark^..
Egypt



Fmland...
France.. „



Germany ,

Great Britain..



Greece..



Haiti...
Italy....



Liberia

Netherlands! ....

Newfoundland..

Portugal...

Spain



Sweden and Norway...
Switzeiiand„



Standard.



Monetary unit.



Gold and silver... Peso.,



Gold

Gold and silver..

Gold

....do



Gold and silver...



..do..



Gold ...
do...



do

(}old and silver..



Gold ....
do-



Gold and silver..



..do..
..do..



Gold

Gold and silver..



Gold

Gold

Gold and silver..



Gold

Gold and silver..



Turkey

Venezuela..



Gold.



(3old and silv



Crown..
Franc...
Milreis .
Dollar..



Peso.



..do..



Crown

Pound (zoo pias-
ters).
Mark.



Franc.



Mark

Pound sterling...



Drachma..



(jourde..
Lira«



Dollar.,
Florin..,



Dollar..
MUreis.
Peseta..



Crown..
Franc-



Piaster..
Bolivar..



Value in

terms of

United

States

gold.



■ao.3

•54,6
i.oo

.91,3



.26,8
4-94.3

.>9»3

.«9.3

.33.8
4.86,64

•X9.3

.96,5
•«9»3

1.00
.40,2

I. ox, 4
1.08
•»9.3

.26,8
•»9.3

•04,4

.19.3



Coins.



Gold— Argentine ($4.82,4) and %
Argentine ; silver— peso and ai-
visTons.

Gold — ao crowns ($4.05,2) and xo
crowns.

Gold — xo and 20 franc pieces ; sil-
ver — 5 francs.

Gold— 5, xo, and 30 milreis; s\\-
ver— }i^, X, and 2 milreis.



Gold— escudo ($1.82,4), doubloon
($4* 56,1;, and condor ($q.Z2,8);
silver — peso and divisions.

Gold— doubloon ($5.01,7) ; silver —

peso.
Gold — xo and 90 crowns.
Gold — xo, 30, 50, and xoo piasters ;

silver — x, 2, 10, and 30 piasters.
Gold— xo and 20 marks ($1.93 and

I3.85.9).
Gold— 5, xo, 20, 50, and xoo francs ;

silver— 5 francs.
Gold— 5, xo, and 20 marks.
Gold — sovereign (pound sterling)

and half sovereign.
Gold — 5, 10,20, 50, and xoo drach-
mas; silver — 5 drachmas.
Silver — gourde,
(jold — 5, 10^ 20, 50, and 100 lire ;

silver — 5 lire.

Gold — xo florins ; silver — %, x , and
2^ florins.

(iold— $2 ($2.02,7).

Gold — 1, 3, 5, and xo milreis.

Gold — 25 pesetas ; silver — 5 pese-
tas.

Gold— 10 and 90 crowns.

Gold — 5, xo, 20, 50, and 100 francs;
silver — 5 francs.

Gold — 25, 50, 100, 200, and 500
piasters.

Gold — 5, 10, 30, 50, and xoo boli-
vars ; silver — 5 bolivars.



*In 1874 and X875 the gold standard prevailed in the Argentine Republic Its currency does not appear
in the statements again until X883, when the double standard prevailed, and the peso attained a fixed value of
96.5 cenu.

t On reference to the table of " fluctuating currencies," it will be seen that Austria had the silver standard
up to and including the quarter ending July x, X892. The next quarter (October x) inaugurated the gold sund-
ard {stenoi^ under table of " fluctuating currencies ").

I The gold standard prevailed in Chile until January x, X890. The value of the peso has been the same
under both standards.

I The Netherlands florin, as will be seen in the " fluctuating" table, became fixed in value (40.9 cents) in
i88o.



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VIII



VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.



B. — Countries wUhJltutfuUing currencies ^ 187^* go.



Countries.



Standmrd. Monetary unit.



Value in terms of the United States gold dollar on
January x —



X874. 1 1875



1880. X883.



18S4.



Austria-Hungary*.
Bolivia..



Central America..

China

Colombia

Ecuador

Egyptt- —



India.

Japan

Mexico.. ,

Netherlands X...

Peru

Russia ,

Tripoli..



Silver Florin

do... Dollar until

1880; bolivi-
ano there-
I after.

do... Peso

Silver Haikwan tael....

do.„ Peso

do... I do

Gold.... ; Pound (100

piasters).

Silver ' Rupee

^z:::::}.;- {

, do Dollar

Gold and silver.. I Florin...

Silver Sol

do Ruble

do... Mahbuh of so

' piasters.



i



|o.47,6
.96,5



.96,5
x.6z
.96,5
•96.5



I0.45.3 bo. 45. 3 ,10.41,3 jlo.40,1 10.39,8
.96,5 1 .96,5 .83,6 .8x,2 .80,6



.45.8
•99.7



><H,7i
.40,5
•92.5
.77,»7
.87,09



.91,8
1. 61

.96.5
.91,8



.43,6
•99.7



•99.8
.38.5
.91,8

.73.4
.8a, 9



.91,8 I .83,6



•96,5
.91,8

4-97.4

.43.6
•99.7



.99.8
.38.5
.91,8

•73,4
.82,9



•83,6

•83,6

4-97.4

•39.7
•99.7



.90,9
.40.3
•83,6
.66,9
.74.8



.8x,s .80,6

.8x,3 I .80,6
4.90 4.90



38.6 I .38,3

87,6 ' .86^9
88,3 I .87,5



.81,2


.65


•73.3



.80,6
.64.5



Countries.



Standard. 1 Monetary unit.



Value in terms of the United Sutes gold dollar on
January i —



X885. < x886.



_l



Austria-Hungary*.
Bolivia '



Central America.

Colombia

Ecuador

Egyptt..



India

Japan |

Mexico

Peru

Russia

Tripoli



I



Silver Florin. „

do... Dollar until

I x88o ; bolivt-
I ano there-
after.

do Peso

do... do

do do

Gold Pound (xoo

pia-sters).

Silver Rupee

Gold ^ I

Silver

do Dollar

Silver ' Sol

do Ruble

do Mahbub of ao

piasters.



•39.3
.79.5



io.37,1
•75.»



^.35.9
•7a. 7



Ven.„..



.79.5


•75.1


•79.5


.75.1


4.90


4.90


•37.8


.35.7


.85.8


.8x


.86,4


.81,6


.79.5


.75,1


.63.6


.60,1


•7».7


.67.7



1887.



x888.



.7a.7

•72,7

4-94,3

.34,6

.99,7

.78.4

•79

.72.7

.58,2

.65,6



*o-34,5
.69,9



.69,9

.69,9

•69,9

4-94.3

•33.»

•99.7
•75.3
•75,9
•69.9
•55.9
•63



1889. 1890.



|o.33,6
.68



.68

.68

.68

4.94.3

•3«.3
•99.7
•73.4
•73.9
.68

• 54.4

• 61,4



10.4a

.85



85
85
85
93.3

40,4

99.7

9«.7

92.3

8S

68

76,7



• The silver standard prevailed in Austria- Hungary up to 1892. The law of August a of that year (*##
Consular Reports, No. 147, p. 623) established the gold standard.
fThc Eg>'piian pound became fixed in value at ^4.94,3 in 1887.
X The Netherlands florin fluctuated up to the year x88o, when it became fixed at 40.2 cents.



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VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.



IX



C. — Quarterly iHiiuations of Jhutuating currencies.



Countries.



Bolivia

Central America..



China*.



Colombia.....

Ecuador ,

India

Japant

Mexico ,

Peru

Russial

Tripoli

Venezuela g..,



Monetary unit.



Silver boliviano.

Silver peso

Shanghai tael...
Haikwan tael...

Tientsin tael

Chefootael

Silver peso

do

Silver rupee.....

Silver yen.

Silver dollar....

Silver sol

Stiver ruble

Silver mahbub..
Silver bolivar...



10.51,6 10.46,5

.51,6 ; .46,5

.76,9 .68.6

.84,9 I -76,5



1894.



Jan. I. I April i.



.51,6
.51,6
.«4,5
.55,6
.56



.51.6
.46,5



.46.5
.46,5

.93,1
.50,1
.50,5



.46,5

.37, a
.41,9



July X. Oct. X



"895.



Jan. I. April X. July x. Oct. x



|o-45,7 io-46,4
45,7 ' .46,4



.67,6
•75,3



.45.7
.45,7

.91,7

•49»3
•49.7



•45,7
.36,6
.41.3



.68,5
.76,3
.7a,7
•71,7
.46,4
.46,4

.99

■SO
•50,4



|o.45,5
.45,5
.67.3
•74,9
•7»,4
•70,4
.45.5
•45,5

.91,6

.49,«

.49,5



I

$0.44, 1 10.48,6
44,1 ■ .48,6




.65,9
•75,6
.69,9
.68,3
• 44,1
.44,x

.91

.47,6

.47,9



•44,1
•35.3
•39,8



.71,8

.80

.7«,a

.75, a

.48,6

.48,6

•a3,«

•52,4

•5a, 8

.48,6

.48,6

.38,9

.43,8



.48,6

.48,6

•7x,8

.80

.76,9

.75, a

.48,6

.48,6

.93,1

.5a. 4

• 52,8

.48,6

.48,6-

•38,9

.43,8



Countries.



Bolivia

Central America. .



China*..



Colombia...

Ecuador

IndU

Japant

Mexico.

Persia

Peru

Russia J

Tripoli



Monetary unit.



Silver boliviano

Silver peso

Amoy tael

Canton tael

Chefoo uel

Chinkiang tael..

Fuchau tael

Haikwan tael...

Hankow tael

Ningpo tael

Niuchwangtael.
Shanghai tael...
Swatowtael.....

Takao tael

Tientsin tael

Silver peso

do

Silver rupee

Silver yen.

Stiver dollar.....

Silver kran

Silver sol

Silver ruble

Silver mahbub.



1896.



Jan. x. April x. July x. Oct. x



|o.49,»
49. «



^•49,3 I0.49.7
•49,3 .49,7



75,9 ^76,3



.80,8 .81



•7a.9



76.9


.77,3


49,"


•49.3


49."


.49,3


a3,3


• 23,4


Sa,9


.53,2


53,3


•53.6


09


.09,1


49,1


•49,3


39,3


•39,5


44,3


.44,5



• 76,9



• 8x,9



.78
•49.7
.49,7
.93,6

•53. a

•54

.09,9

.49,7
•39.8
•44.9



January!,.
1897.



*o.49
•49
•79,3
.79
•75.8
•77.4
.73.3
.80,6
.74,2
.76,9
•74.3
•7a,4
•73. a
•79.8
.76.8
•49
•49
•a3,3
.52,8

•53,2

•09

•49

•39,2

.44,2



#0.47,4
•47.4
•76,7
.76,5
.73,3
.74.9
.70,9

•78

.71.7

.73.7

•7»,9

•70

.70.8

•77.2

.74,3

.47.4

.47,4

•22,5

.51. 1

•51,5

.08,7

•47,4

•37,9



* Chtiui (silver). The Haikwan uel is the customs tael, and the Shanghai tael that used in trade. Con-
suI-General Denny (Consular Reports No. 43, p. 5x6) says : ** The value of the tael varies in the different
ports of China, and every port has two laels, one being the Ckivemment, or Haikwan, tael, in which all duties
have to be paid, and the other the market tael." The " British dollar " has the same legal value as the Mex-
ican dollar in Hongkong, the Straiu Settlements, and Labuan.

fGold is the nominal sundard in Japan, but silver is practically the standard. The fixed value ot the
gold yen is 99.7 cents.

\ The gold ruble is valued at 77.9 cents. Silver is the nominal standard, but paper is the actual currency ».
and its depreciation is measured by the gold standard.

\ The Venezuelan bolivar became fixed in value (19.3 cents) on January x, X893.

No. 199 II.



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FOREIGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

The following table embraces only such weights and measures as are
given from time to time in Consular Reports and in Commercial Rela-
tions:

Foreign weights and tneasures^ with American equivalents.



Denommations. Where used. ' American equivalent.



I I

Almude Portugal 4.42a gallons.

Ardeb I^gypt~ « 7-6907 bushels.

Arc Metric 0.02471 acre.

Arobe Paraguay \ 25 pounds.

Arratcl or libra Portugal 1 x.oii pounds.

Arroba (dry) Argentine Republic „ | 25.3175 pounds.

Do Brazil.. 32.38 pounds.

Do Cuba 25.3664 pounds.

Do Portugal ; 32.38 pounds.

Do Spain.„ , 25.36 pounds.

Do Venezuela | 25.4024 pounds.

Arroba (liquid) Cuba, Spain, and Venezuela ' 4-263 gallons.

ArshJne , Russia 28 inches.

5.44 square feet.
X.I 2 pounds.
30.0787 gallons.



Arshine (square) do..

Artel Morocco

Baril Argentine Republic and Mexico .

Barrel ' Malta (customs). „ ' z 1.4 gallons.

Do... Spain (raisins) j 100 pounds.

Berkovet Russia 361.12 pounds.

Bongkal India I 83a grains.

Bonw Sumatra.. ; 7,096.5 square

Bu Japan- I 0.1 Inch.

Butt (wine) Spain 140 gallons.

Caffiso Malta 1 5.4 gallons.

Candy , India (Bombay) 529 pounds.

Do India (Madras) 500 pounds.

Cantar Morocco i 1x3 pounds.

Do Syria (Damascus) I 575po\inds.

Do Turkey j 124.7036 pounds.



175 pounds.
300 pounds.
1.333H («M) pound*.



Caniaro (Cantar) M.ilta ,

Carga Mexico and Salvador ,

Catty China ,

Do.„ Japan x.31 pounds.

Do Java, Siam, Malacca j 1.35 pounds.

Do Sumatra 3.12 pounds.

Ccniaro.. Central America.. 4.2631 gallons.

Centner Bremen and Brunswick X17.5 pounds.

Do... Darmstadt ! no 94 pounds.

Do Denmark and Norway «..h^ ' iio.n pounds.

Do Nuremberg I 112.43 pounds.

Do Prussia 113.44 pounds.

Do.. Sweden cjj.y pounds.

Do Vienna X23.5 pounds.

Do ' Zollverein ; 110.24 pounds.

Do I)ouble or metric 320.46 pounds.

Chih... China 14 inches.

Coyan Sarawak „ ' 3*o9S pounds.

Do , Siam (Koyan) ' 3,667 potmds.

X



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



FOREIGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.



XI



Foreign weights and measures^ with American equivalents — Continued.



Denomintttions.



Cuadra.^

Do

Do

Do.-

Cubic meter.. .»...»

Cwt. (hundredweight)

Dessiatinc

Do.

Drachme...

Dun

Egyptian weights and measures..
Fanega (dry)

Do...

Do

Do

Do



Where used.



American equivalent.



Do...

Do.-

Do

Fanega (liquid)-

Feddan

Frail (raisins)

Frasco

Do.-

Fuder ,

Gamice

Gram

Hectare

Hectoliter :

Dry

Liquid-

Joch

Ken



Argentine Republic

Paraguay

Paraguay (square)

Uruguay

Metric

British

Russia „

Spain-

Greece

Japan

{See Consular Reports No. 144.)

Central America—

Chile

Cuba

Mexico

Morocco



Uruguay (double)

Uruguay (single)-....

Veneruela

Spain.-

Egypt

Spain.-

Argentine Republic

Mexico

Luxemburg

Russian Poland

Metric

do



Kilogram (kilo)..

Kilometer

Klafier-

Kou-

Korree.-

Last



Do..
Do..



Do

Do

Do

League (land)..

Li

Libra (pound)-

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Liter

Lm« (pound)..

Dd



do.-

do

Austria-Hungary..,

Japan

Metric

do-
Russia ....^

Japan ...»

Russia..-

Belgium and Holland ..
England (dry malt) ....
Germany



Prussia- .<..,........

Russian Poland -......«.

Spain (sah)

Paraguay-

China-

Castilian

Argentine Republic

Central America

Chile

Cuba

Mexico

Peru „

Portugal

Uruguay

Veneruela-

Metric

Greece

Guiana—



4.3 acres.

78.9 yards.

8.077 sqiuue feet.

Neariy a acres.

35.3 cubic feet.

I xa pounds.
. a.6997 acres.
' Z.599 busheb.

Half ounce.

z inch.

1.5745 bushels.

a. 575 bushels.
* 1.599 bushels.

1.54738 bushels.

Strike fanega, 70 lbs.
full fanega, I z8 lbs.
' 7.776 bushels.
I 3.888 bushels.
' 1 .599 bushels.

16 gallons.
' 1.03 acres.
' 50 pounds.
' a. 5096 quarts.

a.3 quarts.
; a64 17 gallons.
> 0.86 gallon.

IS 43a grains.
' 2.471 acres.



a. 838 bushels.
26.417 gallons.
1.429 acres.
4 yards.
a.ao46 pounds.
o.6Br376 mile.
ax6 cubic feet.

5.13 bushels.
3 5 bushels.
85.134 bushels.
8a.5a bushels,
a metric tons

pounds).
zia.a9 bushels.
ziH bushels.
4,760 pounds.
4,633 acres.
a,ii5f«ec
7,100 grains (troy),
z.ozay pounds.
1.043 pounds.

1.014 pounds.
Z.0161 pounds.
1. 01465 pounds.
1. 01 43 pounds,
x.oiz pounds.
X. 0x43 pounds.
z.oi6t pounds.
1.0367 quarts,
z.x pounds.
Z.079Z pounds.



(4,480



Digitized by



Google



XII



FOREIGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.



Foreign weights and measures^ with American equivalents — Continoed.



Denominations.



Where used.



England (timber)..



I



Manama ..

Marc

Maund......

Meter

Mil-

Do..
Morgen.....
Oke



Do..
Do..
Do..
Do..



Pic

Picul.-..



Do..
Do..
Do..
Do..



Pie ,

Do ,

Pik ,

Pood

Pund (pound)..
Quarter..

Do

Quinul-

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Roitle....

Do

Sagen

Salm

Se



Seer

Shaku..
Sho-....



Sundard (St. Petersburg)..

Stone

Suerte



Costa Rica.

Bolivia

India

Metric

Denmark.-

Denmark (geographical)



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign CommerceConsular reports, Issues 196-199 → online text (page 62 of 82)