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Consular reports, Issues 196-199 online

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kilogram ; on sheets, 25 i^er cent on a valuation of 8 cents per kilogram ;
on plain sheets up to No. 14 for lining packages, 2^ percent on a valuation
of 12 cents per kilogram.

Bottles. — Duty, 25 per cent. Valuations: Common bottles and flasks, up
to 300 grams, J 2 per hundred ; larger size, on sworn value; wide-mouthed
bottles or jars, up to 250 grams, on a valuation of $3 per hundred ; above
250 grams, J5 per hundred.

Glass7i'are. — Duty, 25 per cent. The valuation is extended. To illus-
trate, glass comports, salad bowls, trays, and pitchers, if of pressed glass,
I3.50 per dozen; if blown, J14; goblets and tumblers, if pressed, 40 cents
per dozen ; if blown, $2 per dozen ; glass candlesticks (single), butter dishes,
and signor sets, $2 per dozen if pressed and I9 if blown; cruets, if pressed,
$1 per dozen; if blown, $4] 100 per cent is added for cut or engraved
glassware.

Lamps. — Duty, 25 per cent on a valuation of $1.50 per kilogram for chan-
deliers, bronze or nickel stand lamps, and hanging lamps, and $2.50 per dozen
for table lamps, with or without burners, with the exception of the bowl,
which is valued separately at $4 per dozen ; glass hand lamps are valued at Ji
per dozen ; glass shades at 15 cents per kilogram ; reflectors, 20 cents per kilo-
gram ; chimneys, 7 cents per kilogram for common and 22 cents for the best.

Stearin. — Duty, 8 cents per kilogram, specific.

Coal and coke. — Free.

Gas oil. — Free. The importation of this article from Great Britain in
such large quantities is worthy of special note, inasmuch as the United
States is popularly supposed to control not only the production but the price
of this article, commonly called '* crude petroleum.'* I am told the price is
lower in England than in the United States.

Buttons. — Duty, 25 per cent on a valuation of 40 cents to $8 per kilogram.

Pencils. — Duty, 25 per cent. Valuations: Slate pencils, 10 cents per
kilogram; lead pencils, $1 per kilogram; automatic, J5 per gross.

Seeds. — Duty, 25 per cent on a valuation of 15 to 30 cents per kilogram,
with the exception of cardamom seed, which is valued at ji.50. Many
classes of seeds are admitted free of duty.



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UNITED STATES TRADE IN THE ARGENTINE REPUBLIC. 57 1

Office furniture. — Duty, 50 per cent. Valuations : Desks, |8 to $60 each ;
office chairs, ^25 each, unless of walnut, valued at ^50; bookcases, |2o to
^30 each.

Cordage. — Hemp or jute, in bales, uncarded, 5 per cent on a valuation
of 6 cents per kilogram; in yarn, same duty on a valuation of 7 cenis per
kilogram; braided (for *'alpargata*' soles), 12 cents.

Earthenware. — Duty, 25 per cent. Valuations are extended. To illus-
trate, plates, jugs, and cups and saucers, common ware, 50 cents per dozen;
earthenware, ^i per dozen.

Cement. — Duty, 25 per cent on a valuation of J1.20 per 100 kilograms.

Watches. — Duty, 5 per cent. Valuations: For gold watches, J20 to %Zo
each; silver, J5 each; gold plated, J6 each; nickel, $\ to J3 each.

Clocks. — Clocks, 1 1. 50, $3, and $10 each; alarm clocks, J8 to ^30 per
dozen ; hall clocks and regulators, sworn value.

Scales. — Duty on each kind, 25 per cent. Valuations: Platform scales,
weighing not more than 150 kilograms, $3 each; weighing above 150 kilo-
grams, 5 cents per kilogram of resistance; Roverbal system, under 10
kilograms resistance, %\ each; over 10 kilograms, 15 cents per kilogram of
resistance; spring balances, from J 2. 50 per dozen to 3 cents per kilogram
of resistance.

Copper and brass ware. — Duty, 25 per cent on valuations in general of
50 and 80 cents per kilogram.

Lead manufactures. — Duty, 25 percent on a valuation of 15 cents per
kilogram for lead pipe.

Ironware and household utensils. — Duty, 25 per cent. The valuation is
extended and varied.

Oakum. — Duty, 25 per cent on a valuation of 15 cents per kilogram.

Cork, — Duty on manufactured corks, 25 percent on a valuation of $1.60
per kilogram ; in squares, partly manufactured, 5 per cent on a valuation of
50 cents per kilogram; in bulk, crude, free.

Fish. — Duty on dried or salted fish, 4 cents per kilogram; on sardines, 7
cents per kilogram; on all others, 20 cents per kilogram.

Guns^ etc. — Duty, 50 per cent. Valuations: Guns, I3 to I30 each, in-
cluding shotguns and Remington and other central-fire rifles. Revolvers :
Ordinary, without extractors, %2 each; regular, with extractors, J5 each;
fine, ^10 each. The duty on revolvers previous to the present year has
been $3, I7, and %\2 each, respectively, as above. The reduction made
has been the result of some effort expended by the legation. The application
of the old tariff was favorable to German-made revolvers, imitations of Smith
& Wesson and Remingtons, and owing to faulty patent and trade-mark con-
ditions the same abuse will continue.

WILLIAM I. BUCHANAN,

Buenos Ayres, January 18, i8gj. Minister,



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572 CONSULAR REPORTS AND FOREIGN TRADE.



CONSULAR REPORTS AND FOREIGN TRADE.

Consul Meeker, of Bradford, under date of March lo, 1897, has sent
to the Department a number of letters from manufacturers and others,
showing the interest taken in the work of United States consular officers.
Extracts from these letters are given, not only to illustrate this fact, but to
show the kind of information that foreign importers as well as our manufac*
turers are seeking.

A. Arbenz, of Lausanne, Switzerland, with branch houses in Brazil and
England, writes :

I read in the Ironmonger that some American brass founders can offer great advantages
in price and quality of brass cocks and valves. As I buy these articles in considerable quan-
tities, I should feel very much obliged if you would favor me with the addresses of the best
firms in the line. I pay prompt cash and have first-rate references in England, also in the
United States.

J. Barraclough, of Shelf, Halifax, England, with works in Bohemia, Ger-
many, and Belgium, writes for the names of American makers of petroleum-
lamp cotton, also of light fancy ornamental iron castings.

A New York firm writes:

Your letter addressed to Mr. W. C. Fox, of the Diplomatic and Consular Review, has
been referred to us. * * * We have forwarded to George R. Ernst, United States con-
sul, Reichenberg, Austria, a full line of samples of cloth, which we trust will meet with his
approval both as regards quality and prices. Of course, the information we had to work on
was limited; there was nothing said about the kinds of cloth wanted. However, we are
writing Mr. Ernst fully, and if the samples forwarded are not what are wanted we will be
glad to submit others, with quotations. We trust some business will result

A cutlery company of Holyoke, Mass., writes:

We noticed in the Stores and Hardware Reporter an article pertaining to the exportation
of American cutlery to England. We have been sending tailors' shears, etc., to Sheffield for
many years, and have also a good business in London. * * * We think your suggestion
a good one in regard to American manufacturers sending catalogues, etc., to different consuls
in England.

A merchant of North Yakima, Wash., and Salem and Portland, Oregon,
writes:

I read with great interest your advice to American manufacturers and exporters to have
their goods presented on foreign markets. Being myself heav ily interested in wool and hops,
J am anxious lo find a few more customers for these articles. * * * As you are no doubt
aware, the hops raised here * * * can easily meet com|>etition on the world's market
with Germany's and other count ries' products. You would do me a great favor if you could
introduce my name to a few respectable and financially responsible consumers of hops, either
wholesale dealers or any business house that makes hops its specialty, asking them kindly to
communicate with me, and I shall be willing to send them samples, prices, and other informa-
tion with a view to opening business.



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MEAT-INSPECTION LAWS IN BELGIUM. 573

The secretary of a Philadelphia trade organization, writes a correspond-
ent, has set forth in considerable detail plans for the establishment of an
export and import office in Canstatt. The secretary expresses his gratifica-
tion at the interest taken in American products in many parts of Europe and
the hope that the plan, which seems a good one, may be successful.

A safe company of Hamilton, Ohio, writes:

We take the liberty of addressing you in regard to fireproof safes. There is no doubt
but what we can deliver a better and handsomer safe in England and at a price that the
English maker could not compete with. We are strengthened in this opinion by information
given us by a party that at one time was an employee in a large safe factory in England.
We make a better and much handsomer article than the English maker, and also furnish
better locks; in fact, there is no comparison between an American and English safe. As a
great many articles of American make are now being successfully sold in England, we can
see no reason why this should not also apply to safes. The field is large for safes for private,
mercantile, bankers*, and brokers* use. We suppose it would take some time to overcome
prejudice, but would feel where the Englishman can purchase a better article for less money
he would not allow his prejudice to interfere with his pocket, and suppose, in this respect, he
is like all others.

The National Association of Manufacturers, of Philadelphia, writes :

We received an inquiry from Messrs. Mackinlay & Co., London, referring to the machinery
for shelling cardamom seeds mentioned in your letter. We have been able to find but one
machine which is recommended for this purpose, and are not certain that it will meet the
requirements. The machine in question is made by the George L. Squier Manufacturing
Company, Buffalo, N. Y., and is used for shelling rice. We have written to Messrs. Mac-
kinlay & Co., and have asked the G. L. Squier Company to communicate with them. We
are obliged for the sample of cloth forwarded, and will see if we can interest some of our
manufacturers in this line of goods.



MEAT-INSPECTION LAWS IN BELGIUM.

Minister Ewing, in a report dated Brussels, March 10, 1897, prepared at
the request of the Department for information relative to laws in Belgium to
prohibit the importation of beef, beef extract, and soup, if said articles
were accompanied by a Government certificate to the effect that they were
sound, says:

In compliance with the instruction of the ist of February last, I applied
to the Belgian Government in order to be furnished at as early a date as
possible with the information requested by Messrs. de Wolf & Christian-
sen, of New York, regarding the importation from the United States into
Belgium of salted beef, beef extract, and soup.

In reply to my communication on the subject, I have just received from
the Minister of Foreign Affairs a series of documents prepared at his in-
stance by his colleague, the Minister of Agriculture and of Public Works,
the substance of which concerns the laws, royal orders, and regulations gov-
erning the said importation and which I have the honor to inclose herewith.
Among them will be found Pamphlet A, entitled **Recueil des dispositions
l^gales et r^glementaires relatives au commerce des viandes," which contains



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574 MEAT-INSPECTION LAWS IN BELGIUM.

all the laws and regulations issued on the matter up to the 4th of March,
1892. The regulations affecting the subject which have been adopted from
that time up to the present day are embodied in a series of documents num-
bered from 29 to 50.

Articles 13 and 14 of the general regulation of the 9th of February, 1891,
which has been reproduced on page 6 and following of Pamphlet A, refer
to the importation of fresh meat. Article 20 of said regulation provides espe-
cially for the importation of alimentary meat products and reads as follows:

Alimentary products prepared outside of the country from butcher*s meat, greases, etc,
such as bacon and ham, before being offered for sale, shall be verified by the expert inspector,
at the exp>ense of the importer, according to the tariff adopted and at the place designated
conformably to article 14.

If the expert judges these products suited to alimentation, he will set upon each piece or
upon each package a stamp with the word " Etranger" (" Vreemd'").

The counter expert inspections must be performed as is prescribed in articles 9 and 10.

This pamphlet gives, on page 35, the form of the certificate required by
article 13 of the regulations.

A law of December 30, 1895, '^^ *^^t ^^ which is found among the
documents hereto annexed (pamphlet No. 49) establishes, in article i, cer-
tain provisions concerning the admission into Belgium of fresh, prepared, or
preserved meat obtained from horses, asses, and mules.

Synopsis of Belgian Laws Relating to the Inspection of Meats.
[Law of August 4, 1890.]

All meats, especially the internal organs of animals, shall be subjected to examination.

A tax, to be collected from the interested parties and not exceeding the cost of the expense
of examination, shall be paid. This tax shall be determined by the Government or township.

The burgomaster and the Government agents have the right to enter, while they are open,
the shops where meat is sold, and, at any time, places where it is prepared for the market
and take samples for microscopic examination.

[Law of February 9, 1891.]

All animals slaughtered (including the hog, when its meat, fat, or blood is designed for
alimentary purposes) must be examined after slaughter by a Government expert.

Townships have a right to demand an examination previous to slaughter, as well as the
one above mentioned, of animals killed in their territory. The conditions of this examination
shall be regulated by the township and the latter shall pay the expense.

Modification of February 2Sy i8gi. — The tax for slaughter, including the cost of examina-
tion, in the township slaughterhouses varies from 10 to 29 cents per 220 pounds.

After slaughter and before the dismemberment of the animal, the expert shall inspect the
body and intestines. JJefore his arrival, the abdominal viscera shall be extracted so as to
retain their relative position. The pectoral organs must adhere. In solipeds, besides the
above-named ori;ans, the trachea and larynx must remain attached.

Modification of October jo^ iSg^. — For purjxwes of identification, the skin must adhere.

If the animal is unsound, the expert will give the owner a certificate explaining the nature
of the disease, the medicines administered, the method of killing, and the approximate valua-
tion of the loss in case part of the meat is rejected. If the meat is considered good, the expert
shall affix a stamp on each quarter, or on each half animal if it is a lamb, kid, or sucking pig.

Modification of February 20, 18^4. — If the owner does not accept the opinion of the
expert, he has twenty-four hours in which to have a contraexamination made by a veterinary



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MEAT-lNSrECTION LAWS IN BELGIUM. 575

of his own choice. If ihey fail to agree, the veterinary inspector of the province will decide
the matter. The owner will pay the cost if the decision is against him ; if it is in his favor, the
Government or township will pay.

IMPORTED MEATS AND PRODUCTS.
[Law of February 9, 1891.]

Afodification of December jo,, iSg^' — Fresh imported meats are admitted only as animals,
half animals, or front quarters, on condition that the longs adhere.

llie meats, fats, etc., must be accompanied by a certificate, given in Belgium by an expert
inspector, and must have a special stamp affixed by the latter with the word " Etranger "
(" Vreemd "). In case of fats, the stamp shall be on the vessels that contain them.

The examination of fresh meats, alimentary products, greases, etc., shall take place at the
frontier or on arrival at the destination, or wherever the importer chooses. The cost will be
supported by the importer according to a fixed tariff.

Foreign alimentary products prepared by means of butcher's meat, greases, etc., such as
bacon, hams, etc., before being offered for sale, shall be verified by the expert inspector, at
the cost of the importer, according to the tariff adopted and at the place mentioned. If the
expert finds the products suitable for alimentation, he will stamp them as above described.

The sale of game shall be subject to sp>ecial surveillance.

Modification of February 7, iSgj. — The fabrication or preparation by the aid of meats,
blood, or greases of animals, of alimentary products, such as hash, sauce, extracts, etc., can
take place only in establishments designed for that purpose. Those who slaughter hogs,
however, are allowed to prepare for sale, by salting or smoking, part of the meat of these
animals, on condition that each piece shall be examined before selling.

[Law of Febniary a8, 1891.]

Inspectors have a right to take samples for examination. If the dealer wishes, he can
request part of the sample to l)e left with him in case he should desire a contraexamination.
If the inspection proves that the meats or products are unwholesome, the inspector can cause
them to be destroyed, as well as other meats or products in the same condition. If the con-
trary is proven, the cost of the sample will be paid to the dealer within a month; if the
products are destroyed and it afterwards appears that they were good, the dealer will be re-
imbursed. Material destroyed by the inspector during examination will be paid for within
eight days on presentation of receipt given by the inspector. In case of condemnation, the
cost of the examination and sequestration will be paid by the dealer. The reimbursements
will be made by the Government or township, according to the authority under which action
was taken.

Circular of March ^, i8g2. — Inspectors shall not exact payment for any reason what-
ever. The townships have a right to levy a tax to cover expenses. This may be fixed by
head for the animals killed in Belgium and by pound for imported meats. It should be the
same, whether the meat is good or bad or whether the services of a veterinary have been
necessary. The tax should not exceed the actual cost of the service.

HORSE MEAT.
[Law of February 9, 1891.]

The slaughter of horses, mules, donkeys, etc., must take place in slaughterhouses designed
for that purpose, except (when it is impossible to transport the animal) by special permit.

Commerce in meat of horses, etc., can take place only in establishments bearing the name
in large letters. It is forbidden to mix horse meat with other, or to sell horse meat without
declaring its origin.

Modification of December jo, iSgs. — Fresh butchers' meat of horses, etc., is imported
only when the respiratory organs are adherent.
No. 199 9.



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576 MEAT-INSPECTION LAWS IN BELGIUM.

TRANSPORTATION.
[Law of December so, 1894-]

Meats shall be transported under the following conditions:

Every piece shall be properly stamped; or, if a number are packed together^ the sender
must declare in the accompanying letter of description or on the address that the package
contains only stamp>ed meats, greases, refuse, etc.

The meats, etc., can be sent in packages so arranged that no substitution has been possible
between inspection and delivery. The package should be accompanied by a signed certifi-
cate, giving date, place, whence it comes, and the sort and quantity of meat or alimentary
product.

Meats preserved in liquids can be admitted only in iron casks or oaken, iron-bound casks,
according to their nature. Meats not preserved in liquid, salted, smoked, sausages, lard, etc.,
must be packed in wooden cases. Tallow is admitted in wooden cases or hermetically
sealed bags.

Albumen extracted from blood must be in water-tight wooden cases. Bones (boiled and
dry), horns, hoofs (all without flesh adhering), dried and salted skins are transported in special
wagons. Fresh skins must be carried in closed wagons at night

[Law of February 9, 1891.]

All meats, greases, refuse, etc., fresh and prepared, shall be subject to the surveillance of
the police and inspectors during transport, as well as while in the places where they are being
prepared and sold.

Modification of January 2g^ i8g6. — Townships which subject meats, products, etc., to a
second examination must conduct it at the dealer's or before the opening of the markets.

Meats, greases, etc., of animals that are not suitable for alimentary purposes or are afflicted
with contagious diseases are subject to special regulations.

CASES WHEN THE MEAT MUST BE REJECTED.
[Law of April 28, 1891, modified July 23, 1894.]

When there is evidence of incomplete strangulation; when the meat is bloody, infiltered, or
ecchymosed (unless it is at once subjected to a temperature of 100° C. for at least two hours);
when it shows evidences of the presence of poison, or of such medicaments as ammonia, sul-
phuric ether, camphor, asafetida« nux vomica, etc.; when it is spoiled or emits a bad odor;
when it comes from animals cachectic or suffering from the following diseases: Anthrax,
tuberculosis in any form (except, in some cases, after sterilization by an expert, modification
of September 30, 1 895); glanders, farcy, hydrophobia, trichina, scurf, scab, cattle plague,
septicaemia, pyohemia, uncmia, jaundice, arthritis, rouget in any form, melanosis, cholera,
pneumonia, gangrenous inflammation of the viscera, skin dropsy, horse typhoid, tetanus, ma-
lignant ringworm, or phlegmon.

When cattle suspected of contagious pleuropneumonia are slaughtered by order, their meat
can be put on the market only after examination by, and the reception of a stamp from, the
veterinary inspector of the province. The examination is free.



Model of certificate 'which should accompany meat^grease^ or refuse imported into Belgium.

Je soussignd , m6dicin v6t6rinaire ^ declare avoir examine dont le

poids s'^l^ve ^ kilogrammes et I'avoir reconnu ^ la consommation.

Cette denre^ import^e par , de , est expedite vers , ^ I'ad-

dresse de M .



D6livr6 le present certificat A le 189 .

Le medicin v6t6rinaire



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ENGLISH DAIRY IMPORTS AND PRICES OF CEREALS.



577



[Translation.]

I, the undersigned [name in full], veterinary physician at [residence], declare that I have
examined [describe in full; what animal, what part], of which the weight is [give number]
kilograms, and that it is [whether suitable or not] for consumption.

This commodity, imported by [exact name of sender], of [whence it comes], is sent to
[destination], to the address of [name of receiver].

This certificate is delivered at [place], the 189 .



VeUrinary surgeon.



ENGLISH DAIRY IMPORTS AND PRICES OF CEREALS.

I inclose a statement from the London Times, January 19, 1897, giving —
(i) Average prices per imperial quarter of wheat, barley, and oats in
the United Kingdom for the ten years 1887 to 1896.



Year.



1887.
IS88.
1889.
1890.
I89I.
1893,

1893.
1894.
1895.
1896.



Wheat.


Bariey.


s. d.


J. d.


3a 6


as 4


3X 10


27 10


29 9


35 10


3X "


38 8


37


38 3


30 3


36 3


26 4


35 7


33 10


34 6


33 >


31 11


36 3


33 11



Oats.



s.


d.


16


3


16


9


>7


9


18


7


30





«9


10


18


9


»7


t


M


6


M


9



(2) Quantities and values of butter, cheese, and margarin imported into
the United Kingdom for the years 1893, 1894, 1895, and 1896.



Year.



1896,

»895
1894
1893



Year.



Butter.



Cheese.



Quantity. | Value. Quantity. Value



Ctvts. i

3.037*947 |;Ci5.344.o83
2,835,663 14,345,330
3,574,835 13.456,699 ;
2,327,474 x"r753»593



Civts.
a, 344, 535
2,X33,8i9
3,366,145
2,077,463



/;4,9oo,428
4.675,130
5.474,940
5,160,918



Margarin.



Quantity. Value.



Cwts,

1896 925,934

1895 940,168

1894 1,109,335

1893 1,299.970



Totol.



Quantity. Value.



Civts.

;63,498,435 6,308,416
2,557,170 j 5,899.649
3,044,810 j 5,950,305
3,655,344 5,704,906



/;3a, 742,936
21,477.530
21,976,449
21,569,855



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578 ENGLISH DAIRY IMPORTS AND PRICES OF CEREALS.

(3) Imports of butter for the years 1893, i^94> i^95> ^"^ '^9^ ^^^ ^^^
different countries from which this product is obtained:



From —



Cw/s.
1,228,784
467, 601
323.829
234,469
219,015

>4i,553
107,825



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign CommerceConsular reports, Issues 196-199 → online text (page 78 of 82)