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Soviet Union. The Department expressed inter-
est in the event as an opportunity to show repre-
sentative examples of American film production

' Not printed.

July 6, 7959


before people in tlie Soviet Union. The festival
calls for one feature film and two documentaries
from each country.

Indiana University To Assist
Indonesia in Management Program

Press release 432 dated June 16

The International Cooperation Administration
has signed a contract with Indiana University to
aid the Government of Indonesia in its general
program of management improvement, the De-
partment of State announced on June 16. The
contract will run to September 30, 1961, and in-
volves an initial commitment by the United States
of $586,900.

Indiana University, by providing advisory serv-
ices and training resourceis, will aid in the devel-
opment of the National Institute of Administra-
tion, the agency of the Indonesian Government
primarily concerned with inservice training for
improvement of management within government.
One major activity will be that of providing tech-
nical assistance to inservice training for govern-
ment personnel at all levels, including the execu-
tive level. Indiana University will send 6 public
administration specialists to Indonesia and will
train up to 10 Indonesian staff membei'S of the Na-
tional Institute a year at the University at Bloom-
ington. In addition Indiana University will assist
generally with development of public administra-
tion training among Indonesian national educa-
tional institutions and will seek to advance man-
agement as a professional field of activity.

In recent years many of the newly developing
nations have asked technical assistance of the
United States in the fields of public and business
administration and a number of university con-
tracts of this nature have been entered into pre-
viously- The countries include Bolivia, Brazil,
Iran, Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Thailand, Turkey,
and Viet-Nam. The U.S. universities holding
public administration and business administra-
tion contracts include the University of Cali-
fornia, Indiana University (which has a previous
contract for Thammasat University in Thailand) ,
Michigan State University, the University of Min-
nesota, New York University, the University of
Pennsylvania, the University of Southern Cali-
fornia, the University of Tennessee, and Washing-
ton University at St. Louis.

U.S. Surplus Rice and Flour
Being Shipped to Guinea

Press release 430 dated June 15

The U.S. Government is sending 5,000 tons of
rice and 3,000 tons of wheat flour to the new Afri-
can Republic of Guinea. The food shipments are
being made on a gi-ant basis through the facilities
of the International Cooperation Administration
and will further demonstrate U.S. friendship for
Guinea by assisting that country to meet its food
requirements until the next major harvest in Sep-

The transfer authorization for the rice was
signed at Conakry, capital of Guinea, June 13, and
the transfer authorization for the wheat is ex-
pected to be signed shortly.

The United States is providing the rice and
flour under provisions of title II of the Agricul-
tural Trade Development and Assistance Act
(Public Law 480), which provides for the distri-
bution abroad of surplus U.S. agricultural com-

The first shipment of rice is on its way to
Guinea now and M-ill arrive at Conakry about
June 16. Arrangements are being made for ship-
ment of the remainder of the rice and the wheat
flour to Guinea as soon as possible. The food will
be distributed free of charge by the Government
of Guinea.

Development Loans


The U.S. Development Loan Fund annoimced
on June 18 basic approval and commitment of
funds for a $20 million loan to the Government of
India to purchase heavy and light structural steel
and other steel products. Terms and conditions
of this new loan agreement, which will supplement
a previous one signed last December for the same
purpose, are still to be negotiated. For details,
see Department of State press release 442 dated
June 18.


Tlie U.S. Development Loan Fund announced
on June 17 basic approval and commitment of
funds for a loan of up to $23 million to the West
Pakistan Water and Power Dovelopniont Author-


Oeparfmenf of Sfafe ^yiW^Wn

ity to finance foreign-exchange costs of building
secondary electric power transmission and distri-
bution facilities in West Pakistan. For details,
see Department of State press release 439 dated
June 17.

Tugosia via

The United States and Yugoslavia signed an
agreement at Washington on June 12 whereby the
U.S. Development Loan Fimd will lend $5 million
to the Yugoslav Government to help cover the
foreign-exchange cost of about 20 diesel locomo-
tives of 2,000 horsepower, and initial spare parts,
for the Yugoslav Railways. For details, see De-
partment of State press release 423 dated June 12.

Congressional Documents
Relating to Foreign Policy

86th Congress, 1st Session

Missile Development and Space Sciences. Hearings be-
fore House Science and Astronautics Committee. No.
11, February 2-Miirch 12, 19r.i). 492 pp.

Organization and JIanagement of Missile Programs.
Hearings liefore a subcommittee of the House Govern-
ment Operations Committee. February 4-Marcli 20,
1959. 803 pp.

International Control of Outer Space — No. 7. Hearings
before the House Committee on Science and Astronau-
tics. March .5-11, 1959. 108 pp.

Slutual Security Act of 1959. Hearings before the House
Foreign Affairs Committee. Part III, April 3-15, 19.59,
212 pp. ; Part IV, April 16-20, 1959, .317 pp. : Part V,
April 21-24, 1959, 250 pp. ; Part VI, April 27-28, 1959,
271 pp.; Part VII, April-May 12, 1959, 191 pp.; Part
VIII, including appendix and index. May 14—21, 1959,
148 pp.

Over.seas Dependents Schools. Hearing before the House
Subcommittee on Civil Service on H.R. 1871 and re-
lated bills to govern the salaries and personnel prac-
tices applicable to teachers, certain school officers, and
other employees of the dependents schools of the De-
partment of Defense in overseas areas, and for other
purposes. April 2.3, 1959. 42 pp.

Observations on the United Nations. Report of Senators
Bourke B. Hickenlooper and Mike Mansfield, members
of the U.S. delegation to the 13th General Assembly
of the United Nations. S. Doc. 26. April 30, 1959.
58 pp.

Convention With Cuba for the Conservation of Shrimp.
Report to accompany Ex. B. 86th Cong., 1st sess. S. Ex.
Rept. 3. May 5, 1959. 3 pp.

Free Importation of Certain Chapel Bells. Report to ac-
company H.R. 3681. S. Rept. 242. May 7, 1959. 2 pp.

Satellites for World Communication. Report of the
House Committee on Science and Astronautics. H.
Rept. 343. May 7, 1959. 9 pp.

U.S. Policy on the Control and Use of Outer Space. Re-
port of the House Committee on Science and Astro-
nautics. H. Rept. 353. May 11, 19.59. 11 pp.

The International Health and Medical Research Act of

19.59. Report to accompany S..T. Res. 41. S. Rept. 243.
May 11, 19.59. 22 pp.

Certain Cases in Which the Attorney General Has Sus-
pended Deportation Pursuant to Section 244(a) (5) of
the Immigration and Nationality Act. Report to ac-
company S. Con. Res. 33. S. Rept. 273. May 11, 1959.
3 pp.

Providing Certain Administrative Authorities for the Na-
tional Security Agency, and for Other Purposes. Re-
port to accompany H.R. 4599. S. Rept. 284. May 12,
1959. 6 pp.

Report on United States Relations With Latin America.
Report of the Subcommittee on Inter-American Affairs
of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. May 12,
1959. 10 pp.

Handbook of Arms Control and Related Problems in
Europe. Excerpts and summaries of official and un-
official proposals prepared by the Senate Subcommittee
on Disarmament. May 1959. 56 pp.

Documents on Germany, 1944-1950. Background docu-
ments on Germany and a chronology of political de-
velopments affecting Berlin from 194.5-59, prepared for
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee by the Depart-
ment of State. May 8, 19.59. 491 pp.

Recommendations Adopted by the International Labor
Conference at its Forty-First Session at Geneva. H.
Doc. 131. May 11, 1959. 21 pp.

Recommendations Adopted by the International Labor
Conference at its Forty-Second Session at Geneva. H.
Doc. 132. May 11, 1959. 35 pp.

Special Report of the National Advisory Council on the
Proposed Inter-American Development Bank. H. Doc.
133. May 11, 1959. 70 pp.

Nomination of C. Douglas Dillon. Hearing before the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the nomination
of Mr. Dillon to be Under Secretary of State and S.
1877, a bill to amend the act of May 26, 1949, as
amended, to strengthen and improve the organization
of the Department of State and for other purposes.
May 12, 1959. 29 pp.

Nomination of Ogden R. Reid. Hearings before the Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee on the nomination
of Mr. Reid to be Ambassador to Israel. May 12-19,
1959. 39 pp.

Redesignating the Position of the Third Ranking Official
in the Department of State and Vesting in the Secre-
tary of State Authorities Now Vested in the Under
Secretai-y of State for Economic Affairs. Report to
accompany S. 1877. S. Rept. 292. May 15, 19.59. 3 pp.

Wlieat Act of 1959. Report to accompany S. 1968. S.
Rept. 295. May 18, 1959. 13 pp.

Military Construction Authorization for Military Depart-
ments, Fiscal Year 1960. Report to accompany H. R.
5674. S. Rept. 296. May 19, 1959. 90 pp.

A Certified Copy of the International Sugar Agreement of
1958. S. Ex. D. May 20, 19.59. 41 pp.

Convention and Recommendation Adopted by the Interna-
tional Labor Conference at its Forty-Second Session at
Geneva. H. Doc. 155. May 20, 19.59. 12 pp.

Study of the Effectiveness of Governmental Organization
and Procedure in the Contest With World Communism.
Report to accompany S. Res. 115. S. Rept. 302. May
20, 1959. 3 pp.

Authorizing the Secretary of the Navy To Furnish Sup-
plies and Services to Foreign Vessels and Aircraft.
Report to accompany H.R. 3292. S. Rept. 307. May
21, 19.59. 8 pp.

Authorizing the Extension of Loans of Naval Vessels to
the Governments of Italy, Turkey, and the Republic of
China- Report to accompany H.R. 3366. S. Rept. 308.
May 21, 19.59. 4 pp.

Di'partments of State and Justice, the .ludiciary, and Re-
lated Agencies Appropriation Bill, Fiscal Tear 1960.
Report to accompany H.R. 7343. H.R. Rept. 376. May
21, 1959. 28 pp.

Ju/y 6, J 959



Calendar of International Conferences and Meetings*

Adjourned During June 1959

ITU Administrative Council: 14th Session Geneva May 19-June 12

ICAO Panel for Coordinating Procedures Respecting the Supply of Geneva May25-June5

Information for Air Operations.

UNESCO Executive Board: 54th Session Paris May 25-June 13

WHO Executive Board: 24th Session Geneva June 1-2

International Commission for the Nortliwest Atlantic Fisheries: Montreal June 1-6

9th Meeting.

FAO Committee on Commodity Problems: 31st Session Rome June 1-13

Inter-American Commission of Women: 13th General Assembly. . Washington June 1-18

UNICEF Committee on Administrative Budget New York June 2-4

Permanent International Commission of Navigation Congresses: Brussels June 2-5

Annual Meeting.

U.N. ECE Steel Committee and Working Parties Geneva June 3-5

ILO Conference: 43d Session Geneva June 3-25

IAEA Scientific Advisory Committee to Board of Governors. . . . Vienna June 4—5

Informal Intergovernmental Shipping Talks Washington June 8-11

FAO/UNICEP Joint Policy Committee: 2d Session Rome June 8-12

U.N. ECE Conference of European Statisticians: 7th Session . . . Geneva June 8-12

Customs Cooperation Council: 14th Session Brussels June 10-13

U.N. Seminar on National Accounts Rio de Janeiro June 11-26

Executive Committee of the Program of the U.N. High Commis- Geneva June 15-20

sioner for Refugees: 2d Session.

International Sugar Council: Statistical Committee London June 15 (1 day)

GATT Group of Experts on Restrictive Business Practices .... Geneva June 15-24

FAO Council: 30th Session Rome June 15-26

International Sugar Council: Executive Committee London June 16(1 day)

International Sugar Council: 3d Session London Jime 16-18

South Pacific Research Council: 10th Meeting Noumea, New Caledonia . . . June 17-27

U.N. ECE Housing Committee Geneva June 19-23

International Whaling Commission: 11th Meeting London June 22-26

lA-ECOSOC Permanent Technical Committee on Ports: 2d Meet- Montevideo June 22-27


U.N. ECE Coal Committee and Working Parties Geneva June 24-26

IMCO Maritime Safety Committee: 1st Session of Tonnage Meas- London June 24-27

urement Subcommittee.

In Session as of June 30, 1959

Political Discussions on Suspension of Nuclear Tests Geneva Oct. 31, 1958-

PAHO Subcommittee To Study the Constitution and Rules of Pro- Washington April 13-


Meeting of Foreign Ministers (recessed on June 20; to reconvene Geneva May 11-

July 13).

U.N. Trusteeship Council: 24th Session New York June 2-

6th International Electronic and Nuclear Exhibit and Congress . . Rome June 15-

lAEA Board of Governors: 12th Session Vienna June 15-

ICAO Assembly: 12th Session San Diego June 16-

9th International Berlin Film Festival Berlin June 26-

International Dairy Congress London June 29-

FAO Desert Locust Control Committee: 6th Session Rome June 29-

' Prepared in the Office of International Conferences, June 18, 1959. Following is a list of abbreviations: ECAFE,
Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East; ECE, Economic Commission for Europe; ECOSOC, Economic and
Social Council; FAO, P'ood and Agriculture Organization; GATT, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; lAE.A, Inter-
national Atomic Energy Agency; lA-ECOSOC, Inter-American Economic and Social Council; THE, International Bureau
of Education; ICAO, international Civil Aviation Organization; ILO, International Labor Organization; IMCO, Inter-
governmental Maritime Consultative Organization; ITII, International Telecommunication Union; PAHO, Pan American
Health Organization; PAIGH, Pan American Institute of Geography and History; U.N., United Nations; UNESCO,
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; UNICEF, United Nations Children's Fund; WHO,
World Health Organization; WMO, World Meteorological Organization.

24 Department of Slate Bulletin


GATT Committoe on Balanco-of-Payments Restrictions Geneva June 29-

U.N. ECE Special Meeting on Organization and Tecluiiqnes of Geneva June 29-

Foreign Trade (including payments).

U.N. Economic and Social Council: 28th Session Geneva June 30-

Scheduled July 1 Through September 30, 1959

U.N. EC.\rE/FAO Working Party on Rational Utilization of Wood Bangkok July 1-

Poles for Power and Communication Lines.

Venice Film Festival Venice July 2-

Caribbean Commission: 3d Caribbean Fisheries Seminar St. Maarten, Netherlands An- July 3-


Conference on Prevention of Oil Pollution of the Seas Copenhagen July 3-

lAEA Seminar on Training of Specialists in the Peaceful Uses of Saclay, France July 6-

Atomic Energy.

IMCO Council Meeting: 2d Session London July 6-

International Seed Testing Association: 12th Congress Oslo July 6-

U.N. Seminar on Urbanization in Latin America Santiago July 6-

UNESCO/IBE: 22d International Conference on Public Ediica- Geneva July 6-


FAO European Forestry Commission: 10th Session Rome July 7-

IBE Council: 25th Session Geneva July 11-

ICAO Airworthiness Committee: 3d Meeting Stockholm July 14-

Caribbean Commission: Special Session of the West Indian Con- Trinidad July 28-


2d General Assembly of the International Union of Physiological Buenos Aires Aug. 9-

Sciences and 21st International Congress of Physiology.

Caribbean Commission: 28th Meeting St. Thomas, Virgin Islands . . Aug. 10-

Commonwealth Survey Officers: Military Survey and Mapping England Aug. 11-


Commonwealth Survey Officers Cambridge Aug. 17-

ITU Ordinary Administrative Radio Conference Geneva Aug. 17-

U.N. ECAFE Working Party on Small-Scale Industries and Handi- Singapore .'Vug. 17-

craft Marketing: 6th Meeting.

ICAO Legal Division: 12th Session Munich Aug. 18-

Inter)iational Institute of Refrigeration: 10th Congress Copenhagen Aug. 18-

20th International Exhibition of Cinematographic Art Venice Aug. 23-

13th .\nnual Edinburgh Film Festival Edinburgh Aug. 23-

Inter-.\merican Council of Jurists: 4th Session Santiago Aug. 24-

Interparliamentary Union: 48th Conference Warsaw Aug. 25-

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry: 20th Con- Munich Aug. 26-


17th International Congress of Pure and Applied Chemistry . . . Munich Aug. 30-

U.N. Seminar on Judicial and Other Remedies Against Abuse of Buenos Aires Aug. 31-

Administrative Authority.

FAO Working Party on Copra Quality and Grading: 2d Session . Colombo August

PAIGH Directing Council: 4th Meeting Mexico, D.F August

IC.^O Meteorological Division: 5th Session (joint session with WMO Montreal Sept. 1-

Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology).

PAHO Directing Council: 11th Meeting Washington Sept. 2-

lAEA Conference on the Application of Large Radiation Sources Warsaw Sept. 5-

in Industry.

Astronomical Union: Executive Committee Herstmonceux, England . . . Sept. 7-

U.N. EC.\FE Industry and Natural Resources Committee: Work- New Delhi Sept. 7-

ing Party on Earthmoving Operations.

UNICEF Executive Board, Program Committee, and Committee New York Sept. 8-

on Administrative Budget.

Pan American Highway Congresses: Meeting of Technical Experts . Rio de Janeiro Sept. 14—

U.N. General Assembly: 14th Session New York Sept. 15-

U.N. ECAFE Working Party on Economic Development and Bangkok Sept. 15-

Planning: 5th Session.

11th International Road Congress Rio de Janeiro Sept. 21-

U.N. ECE Coal Committee and Working Parties Geneva Sept. 21-

lAEA General Conference: 3d Regular Session Vienna Sept. 22-

FAO Expert Meeting on Fisheries Statistics in North Atlantic Area. Edinburgh Sept. 22-

FAO International Poplar Commission and 7th International Poplar Rome Sept. 23-


International Monetary Fund, International Bank for Reconstruc- Washington Sept. 28-

tion and Development, and International Finance Corporation:

Annual Meetings of Boards of Governors.

U.N. ECAFE Industry and Natural Resources Committee: 7th Tokyo Sept. 29-

Session of the Subcommittee on Electric Power.

PAHO Executive Committee: 38th Meeting Washington September

WHO Regional Committee for Western Pacific: 10th Session . . . Taipei September

Inter-American Indian Institute: Executive Committee Mexico, D.F September

July 6, 1959 25

Freedom of Information

Following is a statement made on April 20 hy
jChristopher H. Phillips^ U.S. Representative on
the U.N. Economic and Social Council, before the
.27th sessio7i of the Council at Mexico City, to-
gether vyith the text of a U.S. draft declaration
on freedom of information.

•D.S./U.N. press release 3172

Freedom of infonnation is one of tlie gi-eat ob-
jectives of the United Nations. In the United
States it is recognized as a cornerstone of liberty,
as it is in every countrj' whicli believes in free-
dom for the individual. The need to know, to
"be informed, is a deep-seated urge in all mankind.
It is more than a need; it is a hunger for facts
and ideas, a hunger for the means to think and
to understand events and situations. The urge
is to listen as well as to speak, to learn as well as
to teach, to judge the fact as well as to plan the
action. Only as men and women are able to sat-
isfy this hunger can they feel tliey are valued
fully as human beings. The right to know is a
part of human dignity ; the right to seek the truth
is a foundation of human freedom.

It is for this reason that any withholding of
infonnation instantly arouses suspicion. Censor-
ship breeds only fear and insecurity. Within
nations such limitations undermine confidence;
between nations they jeopardize peace. Full ac-
cess to the news is the only basis on which we can
hope to build strong democracies and popular un-
derstanding of and support for a strong United

This has been said before, but it cannot be said
too often. Ignorance and false report have long
■been recognized as the shackles by wliicli tyrants
and dictators control the peoples >mder their rule.
In a free society there is special cause to keep up
witli the course of events. Wherever tlie ultimate
decisions rest with the people, it is obvious that

intelligent decisions can be made only in the light
of adequate knowledge. As a practical matter
this means full and rapid access to all possible
news — in the daily press, through radio, and all
other media of information.

On this point I would like to quote Thomas Jef-
ferson, tlie author of our Declaration of Inde-
pendence. Jefferson felt strongly on the necessity
for information in a government of the people.
He once wrote that, if he were foi-ced to choose
between a government without newspapers on the
one hand and newspapers without government on
the other, he would not hesitate to prefer the
newspapers. Jefl'erson maintained this view even
though he was severely criticized in the press after
he became the third President of the United
States. "Where the press is free," he said, "and
evei"y man able to read, then all is safe."

Thus there can be no question of the importance
the United States attaches to freedom of informa-
tion. Our belief in this freedom is implicit in our
system of education, in the tremendous variety of
our newspapers and our broadcasting systems, our
magazines, and all other media of communication.
Our aim is knowledge of facts and situations — •
knowledge for everyone, with sources sufficient
that each may seek the tnith for himself. In tliis
we believe that we are at one with all other free
peoples in the United Nations.

There are also wide areas of agreement we shai'e
with other comitries on the means by which free-
dom of information can be achieved. We are in
agreement on the need to develop news media of
all kinds; it is academic to expect adequate infor-
mation in areas which lack sufficient media and
opportunities for training journalists. But there
would be little point to providing media and train-
ing journalists if the free flow of information is
then hanqiered by censorship, jamming, or other
artificial barriei-s. This would be like digging
wells and then stopping or curtailing the flow of
wa((M\ In particular we are convinced tliat full
information on the United Nations sliould be


Department of State Bulletin

available to all the people of the United Nations.
The sales outlets listed on the back of our Council
reports indicate that this is the general practice
but by no means the universal rule. The two res-
olutions recommended for our action by the Hu-
man Eights Conunission ^ embody these principles,
and the United States is generally in favor of their
adoption. I would like to discuss each of these

Resolutions Proposed by Human Rights Commission

The lii-st of the Human Rights Commission
resolutions is in two parts, part A on technical as-
sistance to underdeveloped countries and part B
on continuing review of developments aifecting
freedom of information and the preparation of
requisite reports. The United States delegation
had the honor to cosponsor this resolution along
with Mexico, Ceylon, India, Iran, Italy, and the
Philippines. The Commission adopted this res-
olution with no negative votes; 14 members voted
for it, and 4 abstained. Part A calls for a survey
by UNESCO [United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization], of prob-
lems involved in providing technical assistance to
underdeveloped areas, to be presented to the Com-
mission and to this Council in time for considera-
tion during the summer of 1961. This survey is
in line with the request of the 13th General Assem-
bly. We welcome especially the specification that
it include possibilities for fellowships, seminars,
and expert advice as well as provision of technical
equipment and other facilities.

However, provision of technical assistance to
requesting governments will not and should not
await the completion of this survey. UNESCO
is currently providing considerable technical as-
sistance in the field of information through its
regular program and also in cooperation with the
United Nations. Its budget for the 1959-60 bien-

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