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Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 41, Jul- Sep1959) online

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152



Department of State Bulletin



3. Measures to avoid disturbing activities in
either part of Berlin.

4. Agreement that these arrangements should
last until German unification.

Taken together, I believe that these four points
offer a sound basis for successful negotiations at
this conference. I hope, therefore, that the Soviet
Foreign Minister will now discuss them — seri-
ously, substantively, and one by one — so that we
can get on to an agreement.

It does not matter whether he does this on the
sole basis of our proposals or not — so long as ha
addresses these four points, which seem to be the
pillars on which any acceptable Berlin agreement
must rest.

I hope that he will not avoid discussing these
points by turning to other subjects — like proce-
dures for German imification, which we can dis-
cuss separately if it seems useful at this
conference.

I hope that he will not avoid this discussion by
throwing out bogus slogans like "free city," and
that he will concentrate on specific improvements
in the Berlin situation, rather than on changes in
terminology.

And finally I hope that he will not avoid dis-
cussing these points by making generalized and
misleading attacks on the Western proposal which
comprehends them — claiming to perceive in that
proposal requirements and consequences other
than those spelled out in these four points.

None of these attempts at evasion would be
worthy of the serious problems and the overriding
need which we face.

The problem is that of devising arrangements
for Berlin which will preserve the city's freedom
and guard against future crises over this issue
until Germany is reunified.

The need is to fulfill the hopes which peoples
around the world have placed in this conference
by reaching a measure of agreement on such
arrangements, so that by having made real prog-
ress we can proceed promptly to a meeting of the
Heads of Government, where other issues can be
discussed.

I have tried, Mr. Chairman, to show how the
problem could be met in a way consistent with the
interests and honor of all our countries.



It is for Mr. Gromyko to determine whether
we can now begin serious negotiations which will
fulfill the need.



WESTERN PROPOSAL ON BERLIN, JUNE 16

1. The Foreign Ministers of France, tlie United Kingdom,
tlie United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Ue-
publics have examined the question of Berlin in the desire
to find mutually satisfactory solutions to the problems
which have been raised and which derive essentially from
the division of Berlin and of Germany. They agreed that
the best solution for these problems would be the reunifica-
tion of Germany. They recognized, however, that pending
reunification, the existing situation and the Agreements at
present in force can be modified in certain respects and
have consequently agreed upon the following :

(a) The Soviet Foreign Minister has made known the
decision of the Soviet Government no longer to maintain
forces in Berlin.

The Foreign Ministers of France, the United Kingdom
and the United States declare that it is the intention of
their Governments to limit the combined total of their
forces in Berlin to the present figure (approximately
11,000) and to continue to arm these forces only with
conventional weapons as at present. The three Ministers
further declare that their Governments will from time
to time consider the possibility of reducing such forces
if developments in the situation permit.

(b) The Ministers agreed that there shall continue
to be free and unrestricted access to West Berlin by land,
by water and by air for all persons, goods and communica-
tions, including those of the French, United Kingdom and
United States forces stationed in West Berlin. The proce-
dures applicable shall be those in effect in April 1959.
However, without prejudice to existing basic responsibili-
ties, these procedures may where it Is not already the
case be carried out by German personnel.

The Ministers liitewise reaffirmed that freedom of
movement will continue to be maintained between East
and West Berlin.

All disputes which might arise with respect to access
will be raised and settled between the four Governments.
The latter will establish a quadripartite Commission which
will meet in Berlin to examine any difficulties arising out
of the application of the present sub-paragraph and to
facilitate their settlement. The Commission may malte
arrangements if necessary to consult German experts.

2. The Ministers consider that measures should be
taken consistent with fundamental rights and liberties to
avoid in both parts of Berlin activities which might either
disturb public order or seriously affect the rights and
interests, or amount to interference in the internal affairs,
of others.

3. The Ministers agreed that unless subsequently modi-
fied by Four Power agreement these arrangements will
continue in force until the reunification of Germany.



August 3, 1959



153



President Eisenhower Aci



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 41, Jul- Sep1959) → online text (page 35 of 88)