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FROM THE



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT



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H. O. No. 153



MEDITERRANEAN PILOT

Volume III

THE OUTHEAST COAST OF ITALY, THE SHORES

OF THE ADRIATIC AND IONIAN SEAS

TO CAPE MATAPAN



1917



PUBUSHED BY THE HYDROGRAPHIC OFHCE

UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE

SECRETARY OF THE NAVY



WASHINGTON

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFHCE

1917



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']\.r\\5V\^



Hftnrard OoUege Ijibrarr

Oct. 2, 1917.

From

United States Qoverm. \






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H. 0. No. 163.

A STunmary of the Notices to Hariuers affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1918, will be sent free of expense npon the receipt
of this coupon at the United States Hydrographic Office, Washington,
D. C.



Name —
Address.



H. 0. No. 163.

A summary of the Notices to Mariners affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1919, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the United States Hydrographic Office, Washington,
D. C.

Name

Address



H. 0. No. 163.

A summary of the Notices to Mariners affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1920, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the United States Hydrographic Office, Washington,
D. C.

Name

Address



H. 0. No. 163.

A summary of the Notices to Mariners affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1921, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the United States Hydrographic Office, Washington,
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H. 0. No. 153.

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lished during the year 1922, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the XTnited States Hydrographic Office, Washington,
B. C.

Name

Address



H. 0. No. 153.

A summary of the Notices to Mariners affecting this publication, pub-
liihed during the year 1923, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the XTnited States Hydrographic Office, Washington,
D. C.

Name

Address

H. 0. No. 163.

A summary of the Notices to Uariners affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1924, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the XTnited States Hydrographic Office, Washington,



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Address.



H. 0. No. 163.

A summary of the Notices to Uariners affecting this publication, pub-
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354



PREFACE.



This publication comprises the south coast of Italy from Cape
Spartivento eastward; the shore and islands of the Adriatic Sea
to Cape Matapan ; including the Ionian Islands, the gulfs of Patras
and Corinth. This information contained herein has been compiled
from all available sources, but principally from British Admiralty
publications, Mediterranean Pilots, Volumes II and III, and is
corrected up to and including H. O. Notice to Mariners No. 23,
1917.

The bearings and courses are true and are given in degrees, from
0° north to 360° (clockwise).

Bearings limiting sectors of lights are toward the light.

The directions of winds refer to the points from which they blow ;
of currents, the points toward which they set. These directions are
true.

Variations, with the annual rate of change, may be obtained from
H. O. Chart No. 2406, Variation of the compass.

Distances are expressed in nautical miles, the mile being approxi-
mately 2,000 yards.

Soundings are referred to low water ordinary springs.

Heights are referred to high water ordinary springs.

The latest information regarding lights, their characteristics, sec-
tors, fog signals, and submarine bells should always be sought in the
light lists.

Attention is invited to the coupons on the first page of this book,
which entitle the purchaser to a summary of the Notices to Mariners
affecting this publication. They will be ready for distribution as
soon as practicable after the first of each year beginning January,
1918.

Mariners are requested to notify the United States Hydrographic
Office, directly or through one of its branch offices, of any new infor-
mation obtained, or of any errors or omissions discovered in this
publication.



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CONTENTS,



CHAPTER I.

Page.
General remarks; trade; currency; docks, coal; standard time; buoy-
age s>'8tem; signals; pilot and fishing lights; soundings communica-
tion; winds and weather, the bora, etc.; currents; tides; navigation
of the AdriaUc 21-73



CHAPTER II.
Cape Spartivento to Cape Santa Maria di Leuca 75

CHAPTER III.
Cape Santa Maria di Leuca to Tronto River 103

CHAPTER IV.
Tronto River to Port Buso 141

CHAPTER V.
Port Buso to Merlera Point 185

CHAPTER VI.
Quamero Gulf and islands 227

CHAPTER VII.

Coast of Dalmatia from abreast of the southeastern end of Pago Island
to Port Rogoznica 281

CHAPTER VIII.

Coast of Dalmatia from Planka Point to Stagno Piccolo, and adjacent
islands 317

CHAPTER IX

Coast of Dalmatia from Cape Gomena to the Gulf of Cnttaro, and adja-
cent islands 355

V



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VI CONTENTS.

CHAPTER X.

Page.

Coast of Dalmatia and Albania from the Gulf of Cattaro to Valona Bay 389

CHAPTER XI.
Coast of Albania. — Corfu and its adjacent islands 417

CHAPTER XII.

Gulf of Arta and coast of Greece. — Santa Maura, Cephalonla, Ithaca, and
adjacent islands 447

CHAPTER XIII.

The island of Zante, Gulfs of Pntras and Corinth, and coast of the Morea
from Cape Papas to Cape Matapan 493



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GLOSSARY.
Gloisaries of Words Occurring in the Charts and Sailing Directions.



VII



Italian.




Acqua

Acquitrino

Albero

Alga (pi. Alglie)..

Allerta

Altezza

Alto, a

Alzata

Ancoraggio

Approdo

-fVrdpelago

Arena

Argilla

Azzuro

Bacino

Baia

Balza

Banchlna

Banco, Banchi . . .

Bandiera

Barca

Barra

Bassofondo

Batello

Bianco

Boa

Boa da ormeggio . .
Boadatonneggio.

Boaluminoea

Bocca, Bocche

Boeco

Braccio

Bunasca

Buasole

Cala, Calanca

Calata

Caldaie

Campanile

Canale

Capitaneria di Por-
to.

Capo

Carbone

Caricatori

Casa

Camno

Castel, Castello...

Chiesa

Cima

Citta

Collina

Conchlglia

Corallo



Water.

Swamp.

Mast, tree.

Seaweed.

Lookout.

Height.

High, lofty.

Embankment.

Anchorage.

Landing place.

Archipelago.

Sand, gravel.

Clav.

Blue.

Basin, dock.

Bay.

Rock, cliff, preci-
pice.

Quay, wharf.

Bank, banks.

Flag.

Boat.

Bar.

Shoal, shallow.

Boat.

White.

Buoy.

Mooring buoy.

Warping buoy.

Light buoy.

Mouth or entrance to
a river, bay, or
strait.

Wood, forest.

Fathom.

Squall.

Compass.

Creek or little bay
in the Mediterra-
nean.

Wharf.

Boilers.

Campanile, belfry,
steeple.

Canal, channel.

Captain of the
rorts* office.

Cape, headland.

Coal.

Shipping place.

House.

Country house, club.

Castle.

Chiwch.

Summit.

City, town.

Hill.

Shells.

Coial.



Italian.



Corpo di Guardia

Corrente

Corto, a

Darsena

Dq
Eel

Entrata

Erto

Estate

Fanale

Fango

Faro

Ferro

Ferrovia

Fiore del Mondo

Fissa

Fiumara

Fiume

Fiumicino

Folgori

Fondo

Fontana

Foresta

Forte

Fortino

Gavitello

Ghiaia

Girante

Golfo

Grande

Gru

Gruppo

Guado

Imboccatura

Isola

Isolotto

Istmo

Lago

Luce

Lume ■..

Macchine

Magazzino

Mancine

Mare

Marea

Mareografo

Marina

Meda

Meridionale

Molino

Molo



English.



Guardhouse.

Ciurent.

Short.

Wet dock or basin,

dockyard.
Custonmouse.
Eclipse.
Entrance.

Steep, straight, bold.
Summer.

Lighthouse, light,

lantern.
Mud.

Lighthouse.
Iron.
Railway.
Compass card.
Fixed.
River.
River.
Rivulet.
Flashing.
Bottom.

Fountain, spring.
Forest, wood.
Fort.
Small fort.

Buoy.

Gravel.

Turning, revolving.

Gulf, bay.

Great.

Crane.

Group.

Ford.

Mouth of river.
Island.
Islet.
Isthmus.

Lake.
Light,
light.

Engines.

Warehouse.

Crane.

Sea.

Tide.

Tide gauge.

Beach, landing place
for village or town,
a little inland.

Beacon.

Southern.

Mill.

Mole.



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Vin GLOSSARY.

Glossaries of Words Occurring in the Charts and Sailing Directions — Continual.



Italian.




Montagna.
Monte



Muro

Nave

Nebbia. ..
Nebbioso.

Nero

Neve

Nube

Nuovo

Nuvolo. ..



Occidentale

Oliva

Onda

Orientale

Orm^io

Ospeaale

Osservatorio

Palo

Palombaro

Palude

Paaso

Penisola

Pericolo

Piano

Pianura

Picco

Piccolo, Picciolo...

Pietra

Pila

Pilastro

Pilota

Pioggia

Piramide

Piroscafo

Poggio

Ponte

Pontile

Porta

Porto

Posta ,

Pozzo

Presagio di tempes-
ta.

Pressi

Primavera

Promontorio

Punta

Quarantena

Rada

Raf o ( local dialect )

Reti-Tonnare

Rilevamento

Rimorchiatore

Riva

Rocca

Roccia

Roccioso

Romito



Mountain.

Mount, mountain,

hill.
Wall.

Ship, vessel.

Fog, miatj haze.

Fogfirv, nusty, hazy.

Blacfc.

Snow.

Cloud.

New.

Cloudy, misty.

Western.

Olive.

Wave.

Eastern.

Mooring.

Hospital.

Observatory.

Stake, post.

Diver.

Swamp, marsh.

Pass, channel.

Peninsula.

Danger.

Plain, flat.

Plain.

Peak.

Small, little.

Stone.

Pile.

Pillar, pile.

Pilot.

Rain.

Pyramid.

Steamboat or vessel.

Mound, little hill.

Bridge, deck.

Pier.

Entrance, gate.

Port, harbour.

Post, post office.

Well.

Storm warnings.

Neighborhood.

Spnng.

Promontory.

Point.

Quarantine.

Road.

Shoal, sandbank.

Tunny nets.

Bearing.

Tug.

Coast, bank.

Rock.

Rock, precipice.

Rocky.

Hermit.



Italian.



Rondo

Rosa

Rosa della BuiBola .

Rosso

Rotondo

Rovina

Rupe

Sabbia

Salina

Sanita

Santo

Sasso

Sbarcatoio

Scacchio

Scafo

Scala

Scale d'Ala^io

Scandaglio

Scoglio

ScQgliera

Secca

S^Tiale

Seno

Settentrionale

Sfera

Solfo

Spalla



Spento

Splendore

Sponda

Stagno

Strada...*

Stretto

Strisda

Siighero

Tavola

Telegrafo

Tempesta

Tempio

Tempo

Terremoto

Testa, Testata. .

Tettoia

Tondo

Tonnara

Tonnegio

Torre

Torrente

Ufficio, Uffizio..

Valle..

Vecchio

Vento

Vetoso

Verde

Vero ,

Vetta

Via

Villa

Villagio

Vulcano



English.



Roimd.
Pink.

Compass card.
Red.
Roimd.
Ruin.

Rock, crag, cliff.
Sand.

Salt water lagoon.
Health.
Holy, sacred.
Stone, pebble, rock.
Landingplace, quay.
Chequers.
HuU.

Landing steps.
Patent slip.
Sounding lead.
Rock, reef.
Ridge of rocks.
Shoal, sandbank.
Signal, mark.
Small bay, creek.
Northern.
Sphere, ball.
Sulphur.

Shoulder, back , sum-
mit.
Extinguished.
Flash.

Bank, border, edge.
Lake, pond.
Road.
Strait.

Stripe, band.
Cork, float.
Table, list.
Telegraph.
Tempest, storm.
Temple.
Time, weather.
Earthquake.
Head.
Shed.
Roimd.

Timny fishery.
Warpmg.
Tower.

Stream, torrent.
Office.
Valley.
Old, ancient.
Wind.

Windy, stormy.
Green.
True.
Summit.
Road, street.
Villa.
Village.
Volcano.



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GLOSSARY. IX

Olossaries of Words Occurring in the Charts and Sailing Directions — Continued.



Greek.



Agio8,-a,-on, hagios,

ayia, ayios.

Akropolis

Akroterion

Anemo

Apeliotes

Asproe, -a, -on

Aster, astron

Boreas, borras

Bounon

BrachoB

Broma

Oh^Bonesus

Ohloroe, -a, -on

Chorion

Ohronos

Croma

Dendron

Diorus

Dnimos

Ekkleaia

Eruthroe, -a, -on

Euros

Glotta, glossa

Gonia

Grapho

Helios

Hudor

Isthmos

Ka^^elli, kastro, kas-

tron.

Kato

Khora

Kolpos

Kome

Kuklos

T.imen

Lunue



English.



Holy, sacred, saint

Citadel, fortress.

Cape.

Wmd.

East.

White.

Star.

North.

Mountain, hill.

Cliff.

Food.

Peninsula.

Green.

Village.

Time.

Color.

Tree.

Canal.

Wood.

Church.

Red.

Southeast.

Ton



_le.
I write.
Sun.
Water.
Isthmus.
Castle, fortress.

Lower.

Small town.

Gulf.

Villi^e.

Circle.

Harbor, port.

Lake.



Greek.



Lips

Lithos

Megale, megalo, me-

gas.
Melaine, melan, me-

las.

Meses

Matron

Mikros, -a, -on

Mulos

Naos

Naulochos

Naus

Neos, -a, -on

Nesos, nisi, nisia

Notes

Oikos

Ormos

Oros

Palaios, -a, -on

Petra

Petros

Pharos

Philos

Phos, photos

Pneuma

Polis

Potamos

Prasinos, -e, -on

Prioreus, pilotes

Puigos, pyigos

Seman tenon

Skiron

Skopelos

Skopes

Taphos

Zephuros, zephyroe.



English.



Southwest.

Stone.

Great.

Black.

Northeast.

Measure.

Little.

Mill.

Church, temple^

Harbor.

Ship.

New.

Islet,island ,lsland8.

South.

House.

Aachorage, bay,

port.
Mountain, hill.
Old.
Rock.

Stone, rpck.
Lighthouse.
Fnend.
Light.
Wmd.
City, town.
River.
Green.
Pilot.
Tower.
Buoy, mark.
Normwest.
Rock.
I see.
Tomb.
West.





Points of thi


5 compass in English, French, and Italian.




Engliah.


French.


Itahan.


English.


French.


Italian.


North


Nord


Tramontana.

T. q. 0.

G.T.

G. q. T.

Greco.

G. q. L.

G.t.

L. q. 0.

Levante.

kt'-

8. q. L.

Sclrocco.

8. q. O. or 8. q.

0. 8. or M. 8.
O. q. 8. or M.

OstroorMeuo-
glomo.


S.byW

S8W


S.q. 80

SSO


O. q. L. or M.

q. L.
L or M T


N.byE

NNE


N.a.NE

NNE


NE.byN


NE.q.N

NE...


8W.by8


SO.q.S

SO


L. q. O. or L.

q. M.
Lioecclo.


NE...:


8W


NE.byE


NE.q. E

ENE.


ENE..


SW.byW

W8W.


SO.q.O

080

O.q.SO

Quest


L a P


E.byN


E.q.NE

Est.


p!l. '


East.


W.byS

West..


P. q. L.
Ponente.


E.byS


isl-.^'^::::::

SB.q. E

SB...


ESE.


W byN


O.q.NO

ONO

NO.q.O

NO


?ii^-


SE.byE


WNw...


SE....


NW.byW

NW....


M. q. P.

Ma^tro


SE.byS


SE.q.8

88E


8SE


NW.byN

NNW

N.byW


NO.'q.N.*..'.!.

NNO

N.q.NO


M. q. T.*
M.t.
T. q. M.


8.byE

South.


S.q.SE

Sud .









Note.— On the French comnass card q. stands for quart, or i, and on the Italian for quarto, or J; thus
tbeltaUim T. q. O. sioiifles Tramontana quarto Greco, or North a quarter north-eastward of the sector
between North and NE., which is expressed on the English compass card by N. by E.



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INFORMATIOIf RELATING TO NAVIGATIONAL AIDS
AND GENERAL NAVIGATION.



THE CORRECTION OF CHARTS, LIGHT LISTS, ANB
SAILING DIRECTIONS.

The following publications are issued by the United States Hydro-
graphic Office as guides to navigation: Charts, Chart Catalogues,
Sailing Directions, Light Lists, Notices to Mariners, Pilot Charts,
and Hydrographic Bulletins. Of these, the Notices to Mariners and
the Hydrographic Bulletins are free to mariners and others inter-
ested in shipping. The Pilot Charts are free to contributors of
professional information, but are sold to the general public at 10
cents a copy. The other pubUcations of the office are sold under
the law at cost price.

The Charts, the Sailing Directions, and the Light Lists are all
affected by continual changes and alterations, concerning which
information from all parts of the world is published weekly in the
Notices to Mariners.

The charts are always corrected for all available information up to
the date of issue stamped upon them; and the Light Lists should be
noted for the recent alterations and additions. The Sailing Direc-
tions, however, can not, from their nature, be so fully corrected, and
in all cases where they differ from the charts, the charts must be
taken as the guide.

Charts. — When issued from the Hydrographic Office, the charts
have received all necessary corrections to date.

All small but important corrections that can be made by hand are
given in the Notices to Mariners, and should at once be placed on
the charts to which they refer.

Extensive corrections that can not be conveniently thus made are
put upon the plates, and new copies are put on sale. Masters of vessels
are urged to replace the old charts, which should be destroyed to pre
vent the possibihty of their being used in the navigation of the ship.

The dates on which extensive corrections are made are noted on
the chart on the right of the middle of the lower edge; those of the
smaller corrections at the left lower comers.

The edition, and corresponding date, of the chart will be found in
the right lower comer, outside the outer neat Une.

102788^—17 1 1

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2 GEKEfiAL NAVIGATION.

In all cases of quotations of charts, these dates of corrections
should be given, as well as the number of the chart (found in the
lower right and upper left corners), in order that the edition of the
chart referred to may be known.

The light lists are corrected before issue, and all changes are
published in the weekly Notices to Mariners.

The navigating officer should make notations in the tabular form
in the Light Lists and paste in at the appropriate places sUps from
the Notices to Mariners.

The Light Lists should always be consulted as to the details of
a light, as the description in the sailing directions is not complete,
and may be obsolete, in consequence of changes since pubhcation.

The Sailing Directions or Pilots are kept corrected by addenda;
and subsequent to date of last addenda, they should be kept corrected
by means of the Notices to Mariners. Sailing Directions issued to
naval vessels carry with them an envelope containing sUps of correc-
tions up to date of issue.

Addenda are published from time to time, and contain a summary
of all the information received up to date since the publication of
the volume to which they refer, canceling all previous Notices to
Mariners.

To enable the books to be more conveniently corrected, addenda
and Notices to Mariners are printed on one side only, and two copies
of the latter are issued to each naval vessel, one to be cut and the
sUps pasted in at the appropriate places, the other to be retained
intact for reference.

To paste in the sUps, as the Notices to Mariners are received, is one
of the duties of the navigating officer, demanding faithful attention.

It must, however, be understood that Sailing Directions will
rarely be correct in all details, and that, as already stated, when
differences exist, the chart, which should be corrected from the
most recent information, should be taken as the guide, for which
purpose, for ordinary navigation, it is suflScient.

The Tide Tables, which are pubUshed annually by the United
States Coast and Geodetic Survey, give the predicted times and
heights of the high and the low waters for every day in the year
at 70 of the principal ports of the world, and, through the medium
of these by means of tidal differences and ratios, at a very large
number of subordinate ports. The tables for the Atlantic and the
Pacific coast ports of the United States are also published separately.

It should be remembered that these tables aim to give the times
of high and low water, and not the times of turning of the current
or of slack water, which may be quite different.

Notices to Mariners, containing newly acquired information
pertaining to various parts of the world, are published weekly and



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GENEKAL NAVIGATION. 8

mailed to all United States ships in commission, Branch Hydro-
graphic offices and agencies, and United States consulates. Copies
are furnished free by the main office or by any of the branch offices
on application.

With each Notice to naval vessels is sent also a separate sheet,
giving the items relating to lights contained in the latest Notice,
intended especially for use in correcting the Light Lists.

Pilot Charts of the North Atlantic, Central American Waters,
and North Pacific and Indian Oceans are pubUshed each month,
and of the South Atlantic and South Pacific Oceans each quarter.
These charts give the average conditions of wind and weather,
barometer, percentage of fog and gales, routes for steam and saiUng
vessels for the period of issue, ice, and derehcts for the preceding
period, ocean currents and magnetic variation for the current year,
storm tracks for preceding years, and much other useful informa-
tion. They are furnished free only in exchange for marine data or
observations.

Hydrographic Bulletins, published weekly, are supplemental
to the Pilot Charts, and contain the latest reports of obstructions
and dangers along the coast and principal ocean routes, ice, derehcts,
and wreckage, reports of the use of oil to calm the sea, and other
information for mariners. They are to be had free upon appUcation.

THE USE OF CHARTS.

Accuracy of chart. — ^The value of a chart must manifestly
depend upon the character and accuracy of the survey on which it
is based, and the larger the scale of the chart the more important
do these become.

To judge of a survey, its source and date, which are generally
^ven in the title, are a good guide. Besides the changes that may
have taken place since the date of the survey, in waters where
sand or mud prevails, the earher surveys were mostly made under
circumstances that precluded great accuracy of detail; until a chart
founded on such a survey is tested, it should be regarded with cau-
tion. It may, indeed, be said that, except in well-frequented