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Epitome of the Russo-Japanese war online

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At the beginning of the battle the composition and
arrangement from right to left of the Russian Manchurian
army, commanded by General Kuropatkin, with Lieutenant-
General Sakharov as chief of staff, were as follows:

I. Second Army, General Kaulbars; chief of staff, Lieu-
tenant-General Ruzski.

(a) West Detachment, Rennenkampf: The Ural-trans-
baikal Cossack Division (Rennenkampf followed by Grekov),



102 EPITOME OF THE KUSSO-.TAPANESE WAR.

composed of the First Brigade, containino; the Fourtli and
Fifth Ural; the Second Brigade, containing the First Ver-
khne-Udinsk and First Chita; the Caucacus Brigade, con-
taining the Second Daghestan and Second Terek-Kuban;
2 batteries of horse artillery, and 4 machine guns.

A mixed brigade (Kossagovski), containing the Two hun-
dred and fifteenth and Two hundred and forty-first Regi-
ments drawn from the Fifth Siberian Corps.

(h) The Rifle Corps (Kutnievich) : First Division, con-
taining First, Second, Third, and Fourth Regiments, and 3
batteries; Second Division, containing Fifth, Sixth, wSeventh,
and Eighth Regiments, and 3 batteries; Fifth Division, con-
taining Seventeenth, Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twen-
tieth Regiments, and 3 batteries; one-third of the First
Orenburg Cossack Regiment from the Tenth Corps.

(c) The Eighth Corps (Milov) : Fourteenth Infantry
Division (Rusanov), containing Fifty-third to Fifty-sixth
Regiments, and the Twenty-ninth Artillery Brigade of 6
batteries; Fifteenth Infantry Division (Ivanov), containing
Fifty-seventh to Sixtieth Regiments, and the Forty-first
Artillery Brigade of 6 batteries; one-third of the First Oren-
burg Cossack Regiment from the Tenth Corps; the Twelfth
Sapper Battalion.

(d) The Tenth Corps (Tserpitski) : Ninth Infantry Divi-
sion (Ilerschelmann), containing Thirty-third, Thirty-fifth,
and Thirty-sixth Regiments, and the Ninth Artillery Brigade
of 6 batteries; Thirty-first Infantry Division (Man), con-
taining One hundred and twenty-first to One hundred and
twenty-fourth Regiments, and the Thirty-first Artillery
Brigade of 6 batteries; one-third of the First Orenburg Cos-
sack Regiment; Ninth and Tenth East Siberian Mountain
Batteries; Sixth Sapper Battalion.

{(') The First Siberian Corps (Gerngross) : First East
Siberian Rifle Division (Gerngross), containing the First to
Fourth Regiments, and the First East Siberian Artillery
Brigade of 4 batteries; Ninth East Siberian Rifle Division
(Kondratovich), containing the Thirty-third to Thirty-sixth
Regiments, and Ninth East Siberian Artillery Brigade of 4
batteries; Second Brigade, Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth
Regiments, of the Sixth East Siberian Rifle Division; the



EPITOME OF TUK KUSSO-JAPANESE WAR. 103

Primorski l)ra<:;()()n R(^o;iin(Mit ; the First Kast Sihorian Sapper
Battalion.

II. The Tliird Army, General liilderlin*^ in temporary
command; chief of stafi", Lientenant-General Martson:

(a) The Fifth SilxM-ian Corps (Dembovski): F'ifty-fourth
Infantry Division (Artamanov), containino; Two hundred
and thirteenth, Two hundred and fourtecntli, and Two hun-
dred and sixteenth Regiments, and the Twenty-ei<i;htli
Artillery Brigade of 6 batteries ; Sixty-first Infantry Division
(Podmalniuk), containino; Two hundred and forty-second,
Two hundred and forty-third, and Tw^o luuidred and forty-
fourtli Regiments, and tlie Fortieth Artillery Brigade of G
batteries; Thirty-fourth Regiment from the Tenth Corps;
two-thirds the Argunsk Cossack Regiment; Fifth East
Siberian Sapper Battalion.

(J)) The Seventeenth Corps (Selimanov temporarily) :
Third Infantry Division (Orlov), containing Ninth to
Twelfth Regiments, and the Third Artillery Brigade of G
batteries; Thirty-fiftli Infantry Division (Dobrzhinski), con-
taining One hundred and thirty-seventh to One hundred and
fortieth Regiments, and the Thirty-fifth Artillery Brigade of
6 batteries; the Pifty-first and Fifty-second Dragoon Regi-
ments; Seventeenth Sapper Battalion.

(c) The Sixth Siberian Corps (Sobolev) : Fifty-fifth Infan-
try Division (Laiming), containing Two hundred and seven-
teenth to Two hundred and twentieth Regiments, and the
Tenth Artillery Brigade of G batteries ; Tenth Orenburg Cos-
sack Regiment; Sixth Sapper Battalion.

III. First Ai'my, General Linevich; chief of staff, Lieu-
tenant-General Kharkevich.

(a) First Corps (Meyendorf ) : Twenty-second Infantry
Division (Kutnievich, with rifle corps), containing Eighty-
sixth, Eighty-seventh, and Eighty-eighth Regiments, and
Seventh Artillery Brigade of 4 batteries; Thirty-seventh
Infantry Division, containing One hundred and forty-fifth.
One hundred and forty-seventh, and One hundred and forty-
eighth Regiments, and the Forty-third Artillery Brigade of
6 batteries; Second Brigade, Nineteenth and Twentieth
Regiments, of the Fifth East Siberian Rifle Division, and 3
Transbaikal horse batteries; one-half of the Second Ver-
khne-Udinsk Cossack Regiment; First Sapper Battalion.



104 EPITOME OF THE RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR.

(b) Fourth Siberian Corps (Zarubaiev) : Second Infantry
Division (Levestan), containing Fifth to Eighth Regiments,
and First Siberian Artillery Brigade of 4 batteries; Third
Infantry Division (Kossovich), containing Ninth to Twelfth
Regiments, and 2 batteries of the Twenty-sixth Artillery
Brigade; two-thirds of the Seventh Siberian Cossack Regi-
ment; Fourth East Siberian Sapper Battalion.

(c) Second Siberian Corps (Zasulich) : Fifth East Siberian
Rifle Division (Alexiev, with P]astern Detachment), contain-
ing Seventeenth and Eighteenth Regiments and Fifth East
Siberian Artillery Brigade of 4 batteries; First Siberian In-
fantry Division (Morosov), containing First to Fourth Regi-
ments and the Sixth East Siberian Artillery Brigade of 3f
batteries, one-third of the Seventh East vSiberian Cossack
Regiment and the Fifth and Seventh East Siberian Mountain
Batteries; Second East Siberian Sapper Battalion.

(d) Third Siberian Corps (Ivanov, Kashtalinski tempora-
ril}^ : Third East Siberian Rifle Division (Kashtalinski), con-
taining Tenth, Eleventh, and Twelfth Regiments and the
Third East Siberian Artillery Brigade of 4 batteries; Two
hundred and eighty-fourth Regiment from the Seventy-first
Infantry Division; the Siberian Cossack Division (Samsonov),
containing Fourth, Fifth, and Eighth Regiments and the
Third, Fourth, and Sixth East Siberian Mountain Batteries.

(e) East Detachment (Alexiev, then Rennenkampf) : The
First Brigade, Twenty-first and Twenty-second Regiments of
the Sixth East Siberian Rifle Division (Danilov) ; Ninth East
Siberian Rifle Regiment, Two hundred and eighty-first and
Two hundred and eighty-second Regiments of the Seventy-
first Infantry Division (Eck) ; the Transbaikal Cossack Di-
vision (Baumgarten), containing the Second Chita, the Sec-
ond Nerchinsk, the Second Argunsk, the F'ourth Transbaikal
Horse Battery, 8 machine guns, and 1 Transbaikal Cossack
battalion; 4 batteries from the Twenty-sixth Artillery Bri-
gade and 1 battery from the Eleventh East Siberian Artillery
Brigade. A flank detachment (Major-General Maslov), con-
taining the Sixth, Seventh, Ninth, and Tenth Siberian Re-
serve Battalions, 2 squadrons, and 2 guns, was at Ilsingking.

A flying detachment (Colonel Madritov), containing 1
Transbaikal Cossack battalion, 5 squadrons drawn from
the Amur, Argunsk, and Ussuri Cossack Regiments, the



KIMTOMK OF TIIK RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR. 105

Ei^lilli Kast Siberian Alouutain liatfeiy of 4 guns, was at
Tunghuahsicn.

IV. (ienoral rcsorve.

(a) vSixtoentli Corps (Topornin) : Twenty-fiftli Infantry Di-
vision (Pncvski), containing Ninety-seven tli to One hun-
(Irodtli Koginionts and the Twenty-fiftli Artillery Jirigade of
() batteries: tlie First Brigade, One liundred and sixty-first
and ()n(> luindnMl and sixty-second Regiments of the Forty-
first I)i\ision (Birger), and 'A ])atteries of the Forty-fifth Ar-
tillery lirigade; Sixteenth Sa])])er Battalion.

(/>) Th(> Seventy-second Division (Tii])an-AIirza-Baranov-
ski) from tlie Sixth Siberian Corps, containing the Two liun-
dred and eighty-fifth to Two hundred and eighty-eighth Regi-
ments and the Sixth Artillery Brigade of 6 batteries; One
liundred and forty-sixth Regiment from the First Corps; one-
third of the Amur Cossack Regiment.

The Second Brigade of Birger's division, the Don Cossack
Division, the Ussuri Cossack Regiment, and 1 Frontier Guard
regiment were sent north shortly l)efore the battle to guard
the railway.

The Ninth and Tenth Rifle Regiments arrived during the
battle.

There were about 250 heavy guns and 88 machine guns
distributed along the line, the heavy guns lieing concentrated
almost entirely near the railway and opposite Chentanpu and
Litajentun.

The total force taking part in the early stages of the battle
is taken at 370 battalions, 127 squadrons and sotnias, 1,192
field and mountain guns, 250 heavy guns, and 88 machine
guns.

The total effective strength is estimated at 375,000.

The composition and order from right to left of the Japa-
nese Manchurian army, commanded by Field Marshal Oyama,
with General Kodania as chief of staff, were as follows:

1. Fifth Army, General Kawamura: chief of stafl', Major-
General Uchiyama.

(a) Eleventh Division (Samejima), composed of Tenth
Brigade, containing Twenty-second and Forty-fourth Regi-
ments, and Twenty-second Brigade, containing Twelfth and
Forty-third Regiments, Eleventh Cavalry Regiment, and
Eleventh Artillery Regiment.



106 EPITOME OF THE RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR.

(/;) The Second, Fourth, and Ninth Ko])i Brio;ades, con-
taining 14 or 20 l)attaHons.

Total, 26 or 32 battahons, 3 squadrons, and 36 guns.

II. First Army, General Kuroki; chief of staff, Major-Gen-
eral Fujii.

(a) Guards (Asada), composed of the First Brigade, con-
taining the First and Second Regiments; the Second Brigade,
containing the Third and Fourth Regiments; the Guards
Cavalry Regiment, and Guards Artillery Regiment.

(b) Second Division (Nishishima), composed of the Third
Brigade, containing the Fourth and Twenty-ninth Regiments;
the Fifteenth Brigade, containing the Sixteenth and Thirtieth
Regiments (the Sixteenth Regiment was at army headquar-
ters) ; the Twelfth Cavalry Regiment, and Twelfth Artillerj'
Regiment.

(c) Twelfth Division (Inouye), composed of the Twelfth
Brigade, containing the Fourteenth and Forty-seventh Regi-
ments; the Twenty- third Brigade, containing the Twenty-
fourth and Forty-sixth Regiments; the Twelfth Cavalry Regi-
ment, and Twelfth Artiller}^ Regiment.

(d) Three Kobi brigades, with their cavalry and artillery.

(e) Five foot batteries.

Total, 52 battalions, 10 squadrons, and 152 guns.

III. Fourth Army, General Nodzu; chief of staff, Major-
General I^yikaza.

(a) Sixth Division (Okubo), composed of the Eleventh
Brigade, containing the Thirteenth and Forty-fifth Regi-
ments; the Twenty-fourth Brigade, containing the Twenty-
third and Forty-eighth Regiments; the Sixth Cavalry Regi-
ment, and Sixth Artillery Regiment.

(b) Tenth Division (Ando), composed of the Eighth
Brigade, containing the Tenth and Fortieth Regiments; the
Twentieth Brigade, containing the Twentieth and Thirty-
ninth Regiments; the Tenth Cavalry Regiment, and the
Tenth Artillery Regiment.

(c) Eleventh and Twelfth Kobi Brigades with their cav-
alry and artillery.

(d) First Artillery Brigade, containing the Fourteenth and
Fifteenth Regiments.

(e) Two regiments of 15 cm. mortars.



EPITOME OF THE RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR. 1()7

Total, '.V2 or 'MS battalions, 7 or S sciuadroiis, ISO or l'.)2
tjiins, 48 inortars.

IV. Second Army, General Oku; chief of staff, Major-
General Osako:

(a) Fourth Division (Tsiisamoto), composed of the Seventh
Brigade, containmg the Eiglith and Thirty-seventli Regi-
ments; the Nineteenth Brigade, containing the Ninth and
Thirty-eightli Regiments; the Fourth Cavalry Regiment,
and Fourth Artillery Regiment.

(h) Fifth Division (Kigoshi), composed of the Nintli Brig-
ade, containing the Eleventh and Forty-first Regiments; the
Twenty-first Brigade, containing the Twenty-first and Forty-
second Regiments; the Fifth Cavalry Regiment, and the
Fifth Artillery Regiment.

(c) Eighth Division (Tatsumi), composed of the Fourth
Brigade, containing the Fifth and Thirty-first Regiments; the
Sixteenth Brigade, containing the Seventeenth and Thirty-
second Regiments; the Eighth Cavalry Regiment, Eighth
Artillery Regiment, and a battery of Russian guns.

(d) Eighth and Eleventh Kobi Brigades.

(e) First Cavalry Brigade (Akiyama), Thirteenth and
Fourteenth Regiments.

(f) Heavy Artillery Brigade (Saisho), containing 6 bat-
teries of four 15 cm. guns each, 4 batteries of six 12 cm. guns
each, and 1 battery of Russian quick-fire guns.

(g) Thirteenth Regiment of Field Artillery.

Total, 44 or 48 battalions, 15 squadrons, 212 or 214 guns.

V. Third Army, General Nogi; chief of staff, Major-General
Matsunago :

(a) First Division (Yda), composed of the First Brigade,
containing the First and Fifteenth Regiments; the Second
Brigade, containing the Second and Third Regiments; the
First Cavalry Regiment, and First Artillery Regiment.

(/>) Seventh Division (Oseho), composed of the Thirteen tli
Brigade, containing the Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth
Regiments; the Fourteenth Brigade, containing the Twenty-
seventh and Twenty-eighth Regiments; the Seventh Cavalry
Regiment, and Seventh Artillery Regiment.

(c) Ninth Division (Oshima II), composed of the Sixth
Brigade, containing the Seventh and Thirty-fifth Regiments;



lOcS EPITOME OF THE RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR.

the Eighteenth Brigade, eontaiuing the Nineteenth and
Thirty-sixth Regiments; the Ninth Cavahy Regiment, and
Ninth Artillery Regiment.

{d) Fifteenth Kobi Brigade.

{e) Second Cavalry Brigade (Tamiira), Fifteenth and
Sixteenth Regiments.

(f) Second Artillery Brigade (Nagata), containing the Six-
teenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Regiments.

VI. General reserve:

(r/) Third Division (Okiibo) , composed of the Fifth Brigade,
containing the Sixth and Thirty-third Regiments; the Seven-
teenth Brigade, containing the Eighteenth and Thirty-fourth
Regiments; the Third Cavalry Regiment, and Third Artillery
Regiment.

(6) The First, Thirteenth, and Fourteenth Kobi Brigades.

Total, 24 or 30 battalions, 3 squadrons, 36 guns.

Each division has a pioneer battalion with the same
numerical designation as the division.

The total numljer of machine gims attached to the various
organizations is estimated at 200.

The number of unplaced organizations and of those that
arrived during the battle, as well as the number of unorgan-
ized reserves at hand to replace losses in battle, are unknown.

The total effective strength is estimated at 325,000 °'.

"The total troops mol)ilized by Japan during the entire war consisted of
the 13 old and 4 new divisions, 12 Kobi brigades, the 2 independent brigades
of artillery, the 2 independent brigades of cavalry, and the organizations
of heavy field and siege artillery taken from the 21 battalions of coast
artillery raised to war strength.

The 4 new divisions, Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Sixteenth,
were composed mainly of recruits, though containing men from the Kobi,
Kokumin, and Hoju (conscript reserves).

The Japanese division has a combatant strength in round numbers of
14,000: ration strength, 20,000.

In round numbers this gives a total of 485, 000

to which must be added of the Hoju, on the lines of communi-
cation - 200, 000

Sick removed to Japan 281, 587

Killed 43, 219

Disappeared 5, 081

Total 1, 014, 887

The Kobi troops usvially formed l)rigades of 3 regiments of 2 battalions
each, 1 battery and 1 squadron.



EPITOMK OK TIIK RUSSO-JAPANESE WAH. 109

Tlio 'roinioka DetaclHucnt consistetl of the Eiglith Kobi
lirigade and the following from the Fourth Division: Three-
battalions of infantry, 1 section of cavalry, 1 battalion of
artillery, and the battery of Russian guns.

The greater part of the Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and
Eighth Cavalfy Regimemts were attached to the First Cav-
alry Brigade, forming the Akiyama Detachment.

The main Russian position extended from Ssufangtai
through Changtan, Lingshenpu, Shahopu, Fengchiatun, and
I^ienniulupu to Kaotuling. At Shahopu it crossed to the
left bank of the Sha River, recrossing to the right bank at
Taslian. There was also an advanced portion of the line
south of the Sha, reaching from opposite Fengchiapu to
Yanghsintun. Otherwise, from Linshengpu eastward the
main position followed the high ground on the right bank of
the Sha River.

From the vicinity of Laishengpu a line of prepared posi-
tions ran north through Erhtaitzu, Machiapu, Yangshihtun,
Xiidisiiitun, and then northeast across the Hsinmintun high-
way in the neighborhood of Houtai.

In the rear of the main line was a line of connected works
constituting bridgeheads, on the left bank of the Hun, cov-
ering the crossings from about 2 miles west of the railway
bridge to the vicinity of Yankuantun. On the right bank of
the Hun a prepared line extended from Fuling to Fushim.

From the Hun River eastward to Pienniulupu the main
Japanese position ran parallel to and practically in contact
with the Russian line; both lines passing through the same
village of Linshengpu. The left flank was strengthened by
preparing for defense the villages, on the right bank of the
Hun, extending southward to west of Hsiaopeiho.

About 2 miles east of Pienniulupu the line turned back and
ran in an irregular curve to the Pensihu region.

Like the Russians the Japanese had prepared successive
positions in rear of the main line.

Just prior to the battle the positions in the Russian army
of the various organizations were as follow^s:

In the Second Army General Rennenkampf's cavalry was
to the west of Ssufangtai, Kossagovski's brigade at Ssufang-
tai, the rifle corps from near Ssufangtai to astride the Hun
at Changtan, the Eighth Corps opposite Chentanpu, Tenth



110 EPITOME OF THE RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR.

Corps north of Litajentun, and the First Si!)crian Corps in
reserve on the right bank of the Hun, opposite Tawangkampu.

In the Third Army the Fifth Siberian Corps, less one
brigade, was near Tahentun, the Seventeenth Corps on the
railway, and the Fifty-fifth Division, Sixth Siberian Corps,
at Shahopu,

In the First Army, the First Corps was at Putilov Hill, the
Fourth Siberian Corps was at Erhtaokou, the Second Siberian
Corps held the line from Fengchiapu to Kangtolishan, and
the Third Siberian Corps held the remainder of the line to
Kaotuling.

In the Eastern Detachment, General Eck, with 10^ bat-
talions, 11 sotnias, and 24 guns, was in the neighborhood of
Chinghochen; General Liubavin, with 2 J battalions, 4 sotnias,
and G guns, was near Kaolingtzu; General Maslov, with 4
battalions, 1 sotnia, and 2 guns, was at Hsingking.

General Baumgarten, with 1 battalion, 18 squadrons, 30
guns, and 8 machine guns, connected the Chinghochen Detacti-
ment with the left of the Third Siberian Corps.

In the general reserve the Sixteenth Corps was at Peitapu,
the Seventy-second Division near Hsiaochentun, the One
hundred and forty-sixth Regiment at Huanshan.

In the Japanese army the positions were as follows:

The Fifth Army was in the Saimachi-IIsienchang region.

In the First Army the Twelfth Division was at Shang-
pingtaitzu, the Guards opposite Yanghsintun, the Second
Division near Tsaichiatun in reserve.

In the Fourth Army the Tenth Division was opposite
Tashan, the Sixth Division was on the Mandarin road, its
left extending to southwest of Linshengpu.

In the Second Army the Tomioka Detachment held the
line from southwest of Linshengpu to Hsiaotai, the Fourth
Division from Hsiaotai to Chentanpu, the Fifth Division
from Chentanpu to Malengtzu, the Eighth Division from
Malengtzu through Erhchiahotzu to Huanlotaitzu, the
\ Akiyama Detachment at Sanchiatzu, Mamikai, and farther

south on the right bank of the Hun.

C The Third Army had finished its concentration south of the

I Taitzu on February 19, and the Ninth Division was at Tasha-

ling, the Seventh Division at Iluangniwa, the First Division

near Hsiaopeiho, the Second Cavalry Brigade on line with



EPITOME OF THE RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR. HI

the left of the Akiyania Dctaclinicnt, the Second Artillery
Briijiule and tlic infantry reserve were near the Seventli
Division.

On Fehrnary 19 the Japanese Fifth Army moved forward
in two colnmns. On the 22d, after skirmishing witli small
Russian detachments, it occupied the villages on the left bank
of the TaitzAi River in preparation for an attack on the Rus-
sian positions at Chinghochen.

On February 21 the Second Ja})anese I3ivision marched to
Weiningying and sent advance troops to the line Sanchiatzu-
Kaochiaj)utzii, the Russian outposts being on the line Shin-
kailing-Peihunling-IIouchiahotzu. On the 24tli the Third
Brigade moved to Kaokuanchai, the opposing Cossacks, under
Baumgarten, withdrawing before the advance.

It was reported that false information had been conveyed
to Russian headquarters that the Japanese reserves in the
Yentai region had moved east.

On Februar}^ 23 the left column of the Fifth Army attacked
the Russian positions near Chinghochen, but was repulsed.
The attack was renew^ed on the 24th and, in conjunction with
the occupation of Chingtoukou by the right column, caused
the positions to be evacuated toward evening. The Russian
troops retired along the roads leading toward Fushun.

On the 24th, after consultation with General Kuropatkin,"
General Kaulbars recalled the order for his army to attack
the next day. General Kuropatkin decided to reenforce his
left, and to that end ordered that the First Siberian Corps
proceed by forced march to Changsamutun, the attached
brigade of the Sixth East Siberian Rifle Division by rail to
Fushun, the Second Brigade of the Seventy-second Division
to Shihuichen, the One hundred and forty-sixth Regiment to
Yingpan. General Rennenkampf was sent to take command
of the Chinghochen detachment and all other troops arriving
in that region.

General Grekov succeeded Rennenkampf in command of
the cavalry on the Russian right. General Grekov' s cavalry
was divided into two wings. The right (Pavlov) contained 15
sotnias and 12 guns of horse artillery; the left (Eichholz) con-
tained 17 sotnias and 6 guns of horse artillery.

Kossagovski's brigade was withdrawn from the West
Detachment to the general reserve of the Second Army, and
later joined on the Rifle Corps at Ssufangtai.



112 EPITOME OF THE RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR.

On February 25 tlic Japanese Fifth Army engaged the
advance gviards of the Chingliochen Detacliment, and
advanced, the right cohiinn to Hsichuanhng, the left to
Tahng.

In the Japanese First Army the Second Division concen-
trated on the Third Brigade at Kaokuanchai, and, its left
connecting with the right of the Twelfth Division and its
right being at Yangtianshan, began developing the ground
toward Kaotiiling. The Twelfth Brigade moved to the Sha
River north of Tahopu, and the Fifth Kobi Brigade, Twelfth
Division, to Tabekou. A battalion of the Guards made an
unsuccessful night attack on Yanghsintun.

On February 26 the columns of the Japanese Fifth Army
reached Yulingkou and Shanlunkou, respectively, after slight
skirmishing with the Russian rear guards.

In the Japanese First Army the Second Division moved
against the line Kaotiding-Hsikouling-Peitalinkoiding. The
Fifteenth Brigade attacked the positions at Ilsikouling and
Peitalinkouling, which were held by a force of about three
battalions and a portion of the Siberian Cossack Division,
but did not make much progress. The Third Brigade
advanced and sent a detachment to occupy Wanfiding.
The Fifth Kobi Brigade, Twelfth Division, occupied the
heights south of Sungshutsuitzu. There was an exchange
of artillery fire between the Guards and the opposing Rus-
sians south of Fengchiapu.

At night the Russians made small attacks, v/est of the
railway, near Wangchuangtzu, Paotzuyen, Yapatai, and
Hsiaoshutzu.

On February 27 the two columns of the Japanese Fifth
Army were checked at strongly occupied positions near Tita
and Wupainiulu, the troops in the first being under Danilov,
in the second under Rennenkampf in person.

In the Japanese First Army the Fifteenth Brigade,
threatened by the Two hundred and eighty-fourth Regiment,
wSeventy-first Division, in the hills east of Peitalinkouling and
the arrival of a regiment of infantry at Shopu, suspended its
intended attack on Kaotuling from the east and took up a
defensive position, in which it continued without serious
engagement until March 5. The right of the line from



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