5, 624 625
DEPARTMENT OF BAYAMON.
White renters . .
DEPARTMENT OF GUAYAMA.
White owners. . . .
DEPARTMENT OF HUMACAO.
DEPARTMENT OF MAYAGUEZ.
DEPARTMENT OF PONCE.
REPORT ON THE CENSUS OF PORTO RICO,
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STATISTICS OF AGKICULTUBE.
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REPORT ON THE CENSUS OF PORTO RICO, 1899.
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WAR DEPARTMENT ORDER ORGANIZING THE CENSUS.
Washington, D. C., Septembers, 1899.
I. By direction of <the President, a census of the population, of the agricultural
products, and of the educational conditions of Porto Rico shall be taken on the 10th
day of November, and completed by or before the 20th day of December, 1899.
II. Lieut. Col. J. P. Sanger, Inspector-General, is appointed Director of the Census,
with office in Washington. It is made his duty to superintend and direct the taking
of the census, and to perform such other duties as may be required of him.
III. Mr. Harrison Dingman is appointed Assistant Director of the Census, with
office in the city of San Juan, Porto Rico, and is charged, under the direction of the
Director of the Census, with the collection of the information required by this order
and such instructions as may be issued.
He will fill all vacancies which may occur among the supervisors of the census and
will appoint all enumerators and such special agents as may be necessary, reporting
his action to the Director of the Census.
IV. For the purpose of this census the island of Porto Rico is divided into seven
census departments, and the following-named citizens of Porto Rico, nominated by
the Military Governor, are hereby appointed supervisors of census:
1. Ricardo Hernandez, census department Bayamon.
2. Felix Seijo, census department Arecibo.
3. Luis A. Torregrosa, census department Aguadilla.
4. Manuel Badrena, census department Mayaguez.
5. Enrique Colom, census department Ponce.
6. Luis Mufioz Morales, census department Guayama.
7. Guillermo Riekohl, census department Humacao.
(The islands of Vieques and Culebra are a part of the census department of Humacao;
the island of Mona, a part of the census department of Mayaguez.)
Each supervisor shall be duly commissioned by the Secretary of War, and shall be
suorn to the faithful performance of duties by the Director or Assistant Director of
the Census, or by any civil or military officer authorized to administer oaths in the
form and manner prescribed by the Secretary of War.
V. Each supervisor of census shall be charged with the performance, within
his department, of the following duties: To consult with the Assistant Director of
the Census in regard to the division of his department into enumeration districts
most convenient for the purpose of enumeration, which districts shall be declared
and the boundaries thereof fixed by the Assistant Director of the Census; to nomi-
nate to him suitable persons as enumerators within his department, one for each
enumeration district and resident therein; but in case it shall occur in any enumera-
tion district that no person qualified to perform and willing to undertake the duties
362 REPORT ON THE CENSUS OF PORTO RICO, 1899.
of enumerator resides in that department, the supervisor may appoint any fit person
to be the enumerator of that district; to communicate to enumerators the necessary
instructions and directions relating to their duties, to examine and scrutinize the
returns of the enumerators, and in event of discrepancies or deficiencies appearing
in the returns for his department, to use all diligence in causing the same to be cor-
rected and supplied; to forward to the Assistant Director of the Census the complete
returns for his census department in such time and manner as shall be prescribed by
said officer. He will also make up and forward to the disbursing officer of the army
designated to make payments in his department, not later than the 25th of each
month, the accounts required for ascertaining the amount of compensation due him-
self, each enumerator in his department, his clerk and messenger, his office rent,
and current expenses, which accounts shall be duly certified as true and correct by
the supervisor, and said accounts so certified shall be accepted by the disbursing
officer so designated, and payment thereon shall be made by draft in favor of each
person to whom payment is due. The accounts of enumerators will be sworn to by
them and certified as true and correct by the supervisors. The duties imposed upon
the supervisors by this order shall be performed, in any and all particulars, in
accordance with the instructions and directions of the Secretary of War, and any
supervisor who may abandon, neglect, or improperly perform the duties required of
him by this order and the instructions he may receive, may be removed by the
Assistant Director of the Census, w r ho will report his action to the Director of the
VI. Each enumerator shall l>e duly commissioned by the Secretary of War, and
shall l)e sworn to the faithful performance of his duty by the supervisor of census,
or by any civil or military officer authorized to administer oaths, and in the form
and manner prescribed by the Secretary of War.
VII. Each enumerator shall be charged with the collection, in his district, of the
facts and statistics required by the population schedule, and such other schedules as
the Secretary of War may determine shall be used by him in connection with the
census. It shall be the duty of each enumerator to visit personally each dwelling
house in his district, and each family therein, and each individual living out of a
family in any place of abode, and by inquiry made of the head of each family, or of
the member thereof deemed most credible and worthy of trust, or of such individual
living out of a family, to obtain each and every item of information and all the par-
ticulars required by the order prescribed as of the date November 10, 1899. And in
case no person shall be found at the usual place of abode of such family, or individual
living out of a family, competent to answer the inquiries made in compliance with
the requirements of this order, then it shall be lawful for the enumerator to obtain
the required information, as near as may be practicable, from the family or families,
or person or persons, living nearest to such place of abode; and it shall be the duty
of each enumerator to forward the original schedules, duly certified, to the supervisor
of census of his census department as his returns under the provisions of this order,
and in the event of discrepancies or deficiencies being discovered in his said returns
he shall use all diligence in correcting or supplying the same. In case the district
assigned any enumerator embraces all or any part of any incorporated township, vil-
lage, town, or city, and also other territory not included within the limits of such
incorporated township, village, town, or city, or either, it shall be the duty of the
enumerator of such district to clearly and plainly distinguish and separate, upon the
population schedules, the inhabitants of all or any part of such township, village,
town, or city, as may be embraced in the district assigned to such enumerator, from
the inhabitants of the territorry not included therein. No enumerator shall be
deemed qualified'to enter upon his duties until he has received from the supervisor
of census of the census department to which he belongs the commission authorizing
him to perform the duties of enumerator.
VIII. The dipt riot assigned to any enumerator shall not exceed 1,500 inhabitants
for urban and 1,000 inhabitants for suburban or rural districts, as near as may "be,
according to estimates based on the preceding census or other reliable information,
and the boundaries of all enumeration districts shall be clearly described by civil
divisions, rivers, roads, public surveys, or other easily distinguished lines: Provided,
That enumerators may be assigned for the special enumeration of institutions, when
desirable, without reference to the number of inmates.
IX. Any supervisor of the census may. with the approval of the Assistant Director
of the Census, remove any enumerator in his department and fill the vacancy thus
caused or otherwise occurring. Whenever it shall appear that any portion of
the enumeration and census provided for in this order has been negligently or
improperly taken, and is by reason thereof incomplete or erroneous, the Assistant
Director of the Census may cause such incomplete and unsatisfactory enumeration
and census to be amended or made anew under such methods as may in his discretion
X. The Assistant Director of the Census may authorize and direct supervisors of
the census to employ interpreters to assist the enumerators of their respective dis-
tricts in the enumeration of persons not speaking the language of the country, the
compensation of such interpreters not to exceed three dollars per day for each day
actually and necessarily employed.
XI. No supervisor's clerk, interpreter, special agent, or other official shall enter
upon his duties until he has taken and subscribed to the oath or affirmation pre-
scribed by the Secretary of War; and no supervisor, supervisor's clerk, enumerator,
or special agent shall be accompanied by or assisted in the performance of his duties
by any person not duly appointed as an officer or employee of the Porto Rican census,
and to whom an oath or affirmation has not been duly administered. All appointees
and employees provided for in this order shall be appointed or employed solely with
reference to their fitness to perform the duties of the position to which they may be
XII. The enumeration of the population required by this order shall commence on
the 10th day of November, 1899, and be taken as of that date. And it shall be the
duty of each enumerator to complete the enumeration of his district and to prepare
the returns hereinbefore required to l>e made, and to forward the same to the super-
visor of the census of his department on or before the 20th day of December, 1899.
XIII. If any person shall receive or secure to himself any fee, reward, or compen-
sation as a onsideration for the appointment or employment of any person as enu-
merator or clerk or other employee, or shall in any way receive or secure to himself
any part of the compensation to be paid for the services of any enumerator or clerk
or other employee, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction
thereof shall be fined not more than $1,000, or be imprisoned not more than one year,
XIV. If any supervisor, supervisor's clerk, enumerator, interpreter, special agent,
or other employee, who, having taken and subscribed the oath of office required by
this order, shall, without justifiable cause, neglect or refuse to perform the duties
enjoined on him by this order, or shall, without the authority of the Director of the
Census, communicate to any person not authorized to receive the same any infor-
mation gained by him in the performance of his duties, he shall be deemed guilty of
a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined not exceeding $500; or if he shall
willfully and knowingly swear or affirm falsely, he shall be deemed guilty of perjury,
and upon conviction thereof shall be imprisoned not exceeding two years, and shall
be fined not exceeding $500; or if he shall willfully and knowingly make a false cer-
tificate or a fictitious return, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon convic-
tion of either of the last-named offenses he shall l>e fined not exceeding $2,000 and
be imprisoned not exceeding t\v<> years.
364 REPORT ON THE CENSUS OF PORTO RICO, 1899.
XV. Each and every person more than 20 years of age belonging to any family
residing in any enumeration district, and in case of the absence of the heads and
other members of any such family, then any representative of such family, shall
be, and each of them hereby is, required, if thereto requested by the Assistant
Director, supervisor, or enumerator, to render a true account, to the best of his or her
knowledge, of every person belonging to such family in the various particulars
required, and whoever shall willfully fail or refuse to render such true account shall
be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in a sum not
exceeding $100. And every president, treasurer, secretary, director, agent, or other
officer of every corporation, and every establishment of productive industry, whether
conducted as a corporate body, limited liability company, or by private individuals,
from which answers to any of the schedules, inquiries, or statistical interrogatories
provided for by this order are herein required, who shall if thereto requested by the
Assistant Director, supervisor, enumerator, or special agent, willfully neglect or refuse
to give true and complete answers to any inquiries authorized by this order, or shall
willfully give false information, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon convic-
tion thereof shall be fined not exceeding $3,000, to which may be added imprison-
ment for a period not exceeding one year.
XVI. All fines and penalties imposed in this order shall be enforced by due legal
process in the supreme court, and the courts of the judicial districts of the island,
according to the nature and degree of the offense, and they are hereby granted juris-
diction for this purpose.
XVII. The Director of the Census may authorize the expenditure of necessary
sums for the traveling expenses of the officers and employees of the census and the
incidental expenses essential to the carrying-out of this order as herein provided for,
and not otherwise, including the rental of offices for the Assistant Director and suj>er-
visors of the census, and the furnishing thereof.
XVIII. All mail matter of whatever class, relative to the Porto Rican census and
addressed to the Director, Assistant Director, or any supervisor or enumerator of the
census, and indorsed "Official Business, War Department, Porto Rican Census,"
shall be transported free of postage; and all telegrams relative to the Porto Rican
census sent or received by the officials aforesaid, shall be free of charge; and if any
person shall make use of the postal and telegraph franking privileges herein granted,
to avoid the payment of postage or telegraph charges on a private message, letter,
package, or other matter sent by mail or telegraph, the person so offending shall be
guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a fine of $300.
XIX. The Director of the Census is hereby authorized to print and bind such
blanks, circulars, envelopes, and other items as may be necessary, and to tabulate,
print, publish, and distribute the results of this census.
XX. The expenses of taking the Porto Rican census, including the pay and allow-
ance of civil officials and employees, shall be paid from the revenues of Porto Rico,
and the Military Governor of Porto Rico will nominate one of the disbursing officers
of the army in each census department to act as paymaster, who shall be provided
with the necessary funds and who shall make disbursements in behalf of the Porto
Rican census, according to such instructions and under such regulations as may be
prescribed by the Secretary of War. The names, rank, and stations of the officers so
nominated will be communicated to the Adjutant-General of the Army by the Mili-
tary Governor of Porto Rico, and will be announced in War Department orders.
XXI. The Military Governor of Porto Rico, and all civil and military officers in the
island, will render such assistance to the Director, Assistant Director, supervisors, and
enumerators of the Porto Rican census, as may be necessary to enable them to carry