SthGeorgia 8 54 62
OthGeorgia 12 116 128
7thGeorgia 20 100 120
llthGeorgia 20 178 198
1st Georgia 27 77 104
Toombs brigade [Jones division] :
15th Georgia 6 48 54
2d Georgia 2 51 53
ITthGeorgia 10 82 92
20thGeorgia 19 113 132
Wofford s brigade :
ISthGeorgia 19 114 133
Hampton Legion 11 63 74
1st Texas 10 18
5thTexaa 15 224 239
4th Texas 22 77
Law s brigade :
4th Alabama 18 45
llth Mississippi 4 55
2d Mississippi 17 80 97
6th North Carolina 6 71 77
Washington Artillery 1 9
* See also pp. 568 and 810-814.
CHAP. XXIV.] CAMPAIGN IN NORTHERN VIRGINIA. 561
Eeport of Surg. Lafayette Guild, C. S. Army, Medical Director, ^c. Continued.
ANDEllSON S DIVISION.
Mahone s brigade :
16th Virginia . . . g 47
4lst Virginia g 34
Wright s brigade :
48th Georgia 10 51
22d Georgia 13 50
3d Georgia 2 29
44th Alabama 5 22
[Pryor s brigade, Wilcox s division] : *
2d [5th] Florida 6
8th Florida " "5"
3d Virginia U
14th Alabama 3 44
Holcombe Legion 24 131
18th South Carolina 27 86
23d South Carolina 27 122
17th South Carolina jg
Lee s Battalion Artillery t 6
JACKSON S DIVISION.
Winder s brigade (First] :
2d Virginia 4 73
4th Virginia 19 78
nth Virginia J4 91
27th Virginia 4 23
33d Virginia 24 81
Batteries 2 2
Jones brigade [Second, Johnson s] :
1st Virginia Battalion 3 19
21st Virginia 3 9
48th Virginia 4 20
42d Virginia 8 54
Taliaferro s brigade [Third] :
Iflth Virginia 9 23
23d Virginia 1 13
47th Alabama 7
4Sth Alabama 50
Starke s brigade [Fourth] :
2d Louisiana 25
15th Louisiana 11
I st Louisiana
9th Louisiana 22 71
Lawton s brigade :
26th Georgia 37
3 1st Georgia
60th Georgia 22 101
5th Louisiana J
* The cnsualties in Wilcox s and Featherston s brigades omitted from original. Wilcox reports bis
total loss (in Wilcox s, PryorX and Featberston s brigades) as 326 killed and wounded.
tNot attached to any division. te also pp. 810-814.
36 R R VOL XII, PT -II
562 OPERATIONS IN N. VA., W. VA., AND MD. [CHAP. XXIV.
Report of Surg. Lafayette Guild, C. S. Army, Medical Director, fc. Continued.
EWELL S DIVISION Continued.
Early s brigade:
13th Virginia 6 40
25th Virginia 11 28
31st Virginia 5
49th Virginia j 15
44th Virginia 1 14
52d Virginia... : 10 51
58th Virginia 4 I 13
Trimble s brigade:
21st Georgia 38 | 146
21st North Carolina 24
15th Alabama 21 | 91
A. P. HILL S DIVISION,
Fender s brigade:
2?d Nonh Carolina 6 5
16ih North Carolina 8 44
3*th North Carolina 2 22
34th North Carolina 23
Field s brigade:
5:>th Virginia 3 29
47th Virginia 8 21
2d [2 Jd] Virginia Battalion
Branch s brigade:
33d North Carolina 1 7
7th North Carolina 6 38
2Hth North Carolina 5 . 45
37ih Not th Carolina 9 I 72
18th Nor i h Carolina 1
Gregg s brigade:
1st South Carolina (P. A.) 14 174
13th South Carolina 19 117
14th South Carolina 1 ! 40
19th Georgia 1 28
35th Georgia 8 62
45th Georgia 7 35
49th Georgia 12 i 56
Archer s brigade
7th Tennessee 2 24
14th Tennessee 3 45
5th Alabama Battalion 2 17
1st Tennessee 4 53
Grand total 1,090 j 6,154
Report of Capt. J. L. Bartlett, Signal Officer C. S. Army, of battle of
MANASSAS BATTLE GROUND, VA.,
Saturday, August 30, 1862 p. m.
I signaled from General Lee s headquarters on the Warrenton pike
to General Jackson s position across the pike near some wheat-stacks,
bearing nearly north, distant about 2 miles, as follows:
CFIAP. xxiv : CAMPAIGN IX NORTHERN VIRGINIA. 533
General JACKSON :
What is result of movements on your left ?
oufof^sfghf. ^^^ t0 ^ trylng t0 get P 088ession of a Pi* of woods to withdraw
Terrific fighting now commences on the left and General Jackson
sends tor a division of Longstreet s command.
General JACKSON :
Do you still want re-enforcements?
Some half hour elapses and General Jackson replies :
No ; the enemy are giving "way.
General Lee now prepares to move and sends the following :
General JACKSON :
General Longstreet is advancing ; look out for and protect his left flank.
General Lee having moved his headquarters, I also removed the sig
J. L. BARTLETT.
Report of Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet. C. 8. Army, commanding First
Corps, of operations August 1.0- September 2, including battles of Grove-
ton and Manassas, &c.
HEADQUARTERS, NEAR WINCHESTER, VA.,
October 10, 1862.
GENERAL : I have the honor to submit the following report of the
operations of my command in the late campaign :
In obedience to the orders of the commanding general the command
marched from Gordonsville on August 1C, crossing the Eapidau on the
20th at Raccoon Ford.
The next day at Kelly s Ford I received orders to move up the Rap-
pahannock to Rappahaunock Station. As we were withdrawing from
Kelly s Ford the enemy crossed the river and made an attack upon the
rear brigade (Featherston s), under the command of Colonel [Carnot]
Posey. After a sharp skirmish Colonel Posey drove him back with con
siderable loss. Arriving at Rappahannock Station, General Hood, with
his own and Whiting s brigade, was detached to relieve a portion of
General Jackson s command at Freeman s Ford. About the moment
that General Hood reached this ford the enemy crossed in considerable
force and made an attack upon the commands of Brigadier-Generals
Trimble and Hood. They, however, drove him back across the river in
much confusion and with heavy loss.
Meanwhile 1 had ordered Col. J. B. Walton to place his batteries in
564 OPERATIONS IN N. VA , W. VA., AND MD. [CHAP. XXIV.
position at Rappahannock Station and to drive the enemy from his po
sitions on both sides of the river. The batteries were opened at sunrise
on the 23d and a severe cannonade continued for several hours. In
about two hours, however, the enemy was driven across the river, aban
doning his tete-de-pont. The brigades of Brig. Gens. N. G. Evans and
D. R. Jones the latter under Col. George T. Anderson moved forward
to occupy this position. It was found untenable, however, being ex
posed to a cross-fire of artillery from the other bank. The troops were
therefore partially withdrawn, and Col. S. D. Lee was ordered to se
lect positions for his batteries and joined in the combat. The enemy s
position was soon rendered too warm for him, and he took advantage of
a severe rain-storm to retreat in haste, after firing the bridge and the
private dwellings in its vicinity. Colonel Walton deserves much credit
tor skill in the management of his batteries, and Colonel Lee got into
position in time for some good practice.
The next day (August 24) the command, continuing to march up the
Enppahannock, crossed Hazel River and bivouacked at Jeffersonton.
On the 25th we relieved a portion of General Jackson s command at
Waterloo Bridge. There was more or less skirmishing at this point
until the afternoon of the 26th, when the inarch was resumed, crossing
the Rappahanuock at Hinson s Mill Ford, miles above Waterloo.
A dash of several squadrons of Federal cavalry into Salem, in front
of us, on the 27th, delayed our march about an hour, Not having cav
alry, I was unable to ascertain the meaning of this movement; hence the
delay. This cavalry retired and the march was resumed, resting for the
night at White Plains. The head of my column reached Thoroughfare
Gap about 3 p. m. on the 28th. A small party of infantry was sent into
the mountain to reconnoiter. Passing through the Gap, Colonel [Ben
jamin] Beck, of the Ninth Georgia Regiment, met the enemy, but was
obliged to retire before a greatly superior force. The enemy held a
strong position on the opposite gorge and succeeded in getting his sharp
shooters in position on the mountain. Brig. Gen. D. R. Jones advanced
two of his brigades rapidly and soon drove the enemy from his position
on the mountain. Brigadier-General Hood, with his own and General
Whiting s brigade, was ordered by a foot-path over the mountain to
turn the enemy s right, and Brigadier-General Wilcox, with his own
and Brigadier-Generals Featherston s and Pryor s brigades, was ordered
through Hopewell Gap, 3 miles to our left, to turn the right and attack
the enemy in rear. The enemy made his attack upon Jones, however,
before these troops could get into their positions, and after being re
pulsed with severe loss commenced his retreat just before night. In
this affair the conduct of the First Georgia Regulars, under Major [John
D.J Walker, was dashing and gallant.
Early on the 29th the columns were united and the advance to join
General Jackson was resumed. The noise of battle was heard before
we reached Gainesville. The march was quickened to the extent of our
capacity. The excitement of battle seemed to give new life and strength
to our jaded men, and the head of my column soon reached a position in
rear of the enemy s left flank and within easy cannon-shot. On approach
ing the field some of Brigadier-General Hood s batteries were ordered
into position, and his division was deployed on the right and left of the
turnpike at right angles with it, and supported by Brigadier-General
Evans brigade. Before these batteries could open the enemy discov
ered our movements and withdrew his left. Another battery (Captain
Stribling s) was placed upon a commanding position to my right, which
played upon the rear of the enemy s left and drove him entirely from
CHAP. XXIV.] CAMPAIGN IN NORTHERN VIRGINIA. 565
that part of the field. He changed his front rapidly, so as to meet the
advance of Hood and Evans. Three brigades, under General Wilcox
were thrown forward to the support of the left, and three others, under
General Kemper, to the support of the right, of these commands. Gen
eral D. R. Jones division was placed upon the Manassas Gap Railroad
to the right and en echelon with regard to the three last brigades.
Colonel Walton placed his batteries in a commanding position between
my line and that of General Jackson, and engaged the enemy for sev
eral hours in a severe and successful artillery duel. At a late hour in
the day Major-General Stuart reported the approach of the enemy in
heavy columns against my extreme right. I withdrew General Wilcox,
with his three brigades, from the left and placed his command in posi
tion to support Jones in case of an attack against my right. After some
few shots the enemy withdrew his forces, moving them around toward
his front, and about 4 o clock in the afternoon began to press forward
against General Jackson s position. Wilcox s brigades were moved back
to their former position, and Hood s two brigades, supported by Evans,
were quickly pressed forward to the attack. At the same time Wil-
cox s three brigades made a like advance, as also Hunton s brigade, of
Kemper s command. These movements were executed with commend
able zeal and ability. Hood, supported by Evans, made a gallant
attack, driving the enemy back until 9 o clock at night. One piece of
artillery, several regimental standards, and a number of prisoners were
taken. The enemy s entire force was found to be massed directly in my
front, and in so strong a position that it was not deemed advisable to
move on against his immediate front; so the troops were quietly with
drawn at 1 o clock the following morning. The wheels of the captured
piece were cut down and it was left on the ground.
The enemy seized that opportunity to claim a victory, and the Fed
eral commander was so imprudent as to dispatch his Government by
telegraph tidings to that effect. After withdrawing from the attack my
troops were placed in the line first occupied and in the original order.
During the day Col. S. D. Lee, with his reserve artillery placed in
the position occupied the day previous by Colonel Walton, engaged the
enemy in a severe artillery combat. The result was, as the day pre
vious, a success.
At 3.30 o clock in the afternoon I rode to the front for the purpose
of completing arrangements for making a diversion in favor of a Hank
movement then under contemplation. Just after reaching my front
line I received a message for re-enforcements for General Jackson, who
was said to be severely pressed. From an eminence near by one por
tion of the enemy s masses attacking General Jackson were immediately
within my view and in easy range of batteries in that position. It gave
me an advantage that I had not expected to have, and I made haste to
use it. Two batteries were ordered for the purpose, and one placed in
position immediately and opened. Just as this fire began I received a
message from the commanding general, informing me of General Jack
son s condition and his wants. As it was evident that the attack against
General Jackson could not be continued ten minutes under the tire of
these batteries I made no movement with my troops. Before the second
battery could be placed in position the enemy began to retire, and in
less than ten minutes the ranks were broken and that portion of his
army put to flight, A fair opportunity was offered me, and the intended
diversion was changed into an attack. My whole line was rushed for
ward at a charge. The troops sprang to their work, and moved forward
with all the steadiness and firmness that characterizes war- worn veterans.
56G OPERATIONS IN N. VA , W. VA., AND MD. [CHAP. XXIV
The batteries, continuing their play upon the confused masses, completed
the rout of this portion of the enemy s line, and my attack was there
fore made against the forces in my front. The order for the advance
had scarcely been given when I received a- message from the command
ing general anticipating some such emergency, and ordering the move
which was then going on, at the same time offering me Major-General
Anderson s division. The commanding general soon joined me, and a
few moments after Major-General Anderson arrived with his division.
The attack was led by Hood s brigades, closely supported by Evans.
These were rapidly re-enforced by Anderson s division from the rear,
Keinper s three brigades and D. E. Jones division from the right, and
Wilcox s brigade from the left. The brigades of Brigadier-Generals
Featherston and Pry or became detached and operated with a portion
of General Jackson s command. The attacking columns moved steadily
forward, driving the enemy from his different positions as rapidly as he
took them. My batteries were thrown forward from point to point, fol
lowing the movements of the general line. These, however, were some
what detained by an enfilade fire from a battery on my left. This threw
more than its proper share of fighting upon the infantry, retarded our
rapid progress, and enabled the enemy to escape with many of his bat
teries which should have fallen into our hands. The battle continued
until 10 o clock at night, when utter darkness put a stop to our progress.
The enemy made his escape across Bull Eun before daylight. Three
batteries, a large number of prisoners, many stands of regimental col
ors, and 12,000 stands of arms, besides some wagons, ambulances, &c.,
The next day, like the day after the first battle of Manassas Plains,
was stormy and excessively disagreeable. Orders were given early in
the day for caring for the wounded, burying the dead, and collecting
arms and other supplies. About noon General Pryor, with his brigade,
was thrown across Bull Run, to occupy the heights between that and
Cub Euu, and at 2 o clock m the afternoon the balance of the command
marched to cross Bull Eun at Sudley Ford. Crossing the run on the
following day, the command marched for Chantilly via the Little Eiver
turnpike. The enemy was reported in position in our front as we reached
Chantilly, and he made an attack upon General Jackson before my troops
arrived. He was repulsed, however, before my re-enforcements got up
and disappeared during the night.*
The name of every officer, non-commissioned officer, and private who
has shared in the toils and privations of this campaign should be men
tioned. In one mouth these troops had marched over 200 miles upon
little more than half rations and fought nine battles and skirmishes ;
killed, wounded, and captured nearly as many men as we had in our
ranks, besides taking arms and other munitions of war in large quanti
ties. I would that I could do justice to all of these gallant officers and
men in this report. As that is impossible. I sh^ll only mention those
most prominently distinguished. These were Maj. Gen. E. H. Ander
son, on the plains of Mauassas, at Harper s Ferry, and at Sharpsburg,
where he was wounded severely. Brig. Gen. D. E. Jones, at Thorough
fare Gap, Manassas Plains, Boonsborough, and Sharpsburg. Brig.
Gen. E. Toombs, at Manassas Plains, in his gallant defense of the bridge
at Antietam, and in his vigorous charge against the enemy s flank ; he
* For portion of report here omitted, see Series I, Vol. XIX, Part I, pp. 839-843.
CHAP. XXIV.] CAMPAIGN IN NORTHERN VIRGINIA. 567
was severely wounded at the close of the engagement. Brig. Gen. C.
M. Wilcox, at Manassas Plains on August 29 and 30; afterward absent
sick. Brigadier-General [Richard B.] Garuett, at Boonsborough and
Sharpsburg. Brigadier-General Evans, on the plains of Manassas both
on August 29 and 30, and at Sharpsburg. Brigadier-General [James
L.] Kemper, at Manassas Plains, Boousborough, and Sharpsburg.
Brigadier-General [John B.] Hood and Cols. E. M. Law and W. T.
Wofford, at Manassas Plains on August 29 and 30, Boonsborough, and
+ Sharpsburg on the 16th and 17th. Col. G. T. Anderson, command-
A. Pryor, at Sharpsburg. Brig. Gen. M. Jenkins, at Mauassas Plains
on August 29 and -30 ; on the last day severelv wounded. Colonels
[Eppa] Huuton, M. D. Corse, [William* D.] Stuart, P. F. Stevens, John
C. Hately (severely wounded), and [Joseph] Walker (commanding Jen
kins 7 brigade after the latter was wounded), at Manassas Plains, Boons-
borough, and Sharpsburg. Colonel Posey, at Manassas Plains and
Sharpsburg, where he commanded Featherstou s brigade. Col. Henry
L. Beuning, at Manassas Plains and Sharpsburg. At Sharpsburg, Capt.
M. B. Miller, of the Washington Artillery, was particularly distin
guished. Colonel Walton, of the Washington Artillery, at Eappahannock
Station, Manassas Plains (August 29), and Sharpsburg ; and Major
[John J.] Garuett, at Eappahaunock Station. Lieutenant-Colonels
[Fred. G.] Skinner and [Morton] Marye, at Manassas Plains, where
they were both severely wounded ; and Maj. E. L. Walker, at Thorough
fare Gap and Manassas Plains. In the latter engagement this gallant
officer was mortally wounded.
It is with no common feeling that I recount the loss at Manassas
Plains of Cols. J. M. Gadberry, Eighteenth South Carolina ; [John H.
borough, Col. J. B. Strange, Nineteenth Virginia Volunteers, and Lieut.
Col. O. K. McLemore, Fourth Alabama ; and at Sharpsburg, Col. P. F.
Liddell, Eleventh Mississippi ; Lieutenant-Colonel Coppens [Louisiana
Battalio i] and Lieutenant-Colonel [ \Villiarn E.] Holmes, Second Georgia
Volunteers. These valuable and gallant officers fell in the unflinching
performance of their duty, bravely and successfully heading their com
mands in the thickest of the fight.
To my staff officers Maj. G. M. Sorrel, assistant adjutant-general,
who was wounded at Sharpsburg ; Lieut. Col. P. T. Manning, chief of
ordnance; Maj. J. W. Fairfax; Maj. Thomas Walton, who was also
wounded at Sharpsburg ; Capt. Thomas Goree and Lieut. E. W. Black-
well I am under renewed and lasting obligations. These officers, full
of courage, intelligence, patience, and experience, were able to give
directions to commands such as they thought proper, which were at
on^e approved and commanded my admiration.
Lieutenant-Colonel Blount volunteered his services to me at Boons-
borough, and was both there and at Sharpsburg of material service
The medical department, in charge of Surgeon Cullen, were active
and unremitting in the care of the wounded, and have my thanks for
their humane efforts.
My party of couriers were zealous, active, and brave. They are j ustly
OPERATIONS IN N. VA., W. VA., AND MD. [CHAP. XXIV.
entitled to praise for the manly fortitude and courageous conduct shown
by them in the trying scenes of the campaign.
The cavalry escort, commanded by Captain Doby, have my thanks
for meritorious conduct and valuable aid. Captain Doby, Lieutenants
Bouney and Matheson, Sergeants Lee and Haile, and Corporals Whita-
ker and Salmond were distinguished in the active and fearless perform
ances of their arduous duties.
I am indebted to Col. E. H. Chilton, Colonel Long, Majors Taylor,
Marshall, Venable, and Talcott, and Captains Mason and Johnston, of
the staff of the commanding general, for great courtesy and kindness
in assisting me on the different battle-fields.
I respectfully ask the attention of the commanding general to there-
ports of division, brigade, and other commanders, and approve their
high encomiums of their officers and men.
Reports of killed, wounded, and missing have already been for
I remain, sir. most respectfully, your obedient servant,
Lieutenant- General, Commanding.
Col. R. H. CHILTON,
Statement of losses in the corps commanded fejy Maj. Gfn. James Lovgstreet in t7ia engage
ments at Thoroughfare Gap, Rappahannock, Freeman * Ford, and Manassas.
Casualties from August 23 to 30 inclusive.
"Wright s brigade
ilaboiio 8 brigade
Pryor s brigade
Hood s brigade
Evans brigade . .. ... .
Cobb s brigade
CHAP. XXIV.] CAMPAIGN IN NORTHERN VIRGINIA. 569
Eeports of Col. John B. Walton, Washington (Louisiana) Artillery, of
operations August 23-31.
HDQKS. ARTY. CORPS, EIGHT WING, DEPT. NORTHERN VA..
August 25, 18(52.
MAJOR : I have the honor to report that, in obedience to an order
received from Major-General Longstreet on the evening of the 22d in-
position of the enemy in the vicinity of Beverly Ford and Eappahan-
nock Station, on the Eappahannock Eiver, with the view, as instructed,
to place the long-range guns under my command in position to open
upon the enemy s batteries early the following morning.
Having during the night made all necessary preparation, at daybreak
on the morning of the 23d I placed in position on the left at Beverly
Ford Capt. M. B. Miller s battery Washington Artillery, four light 12-
pounder guns (Napoleons), a section of two 10-pouuder Parrott guns
under Captain [A. L.] Eogers, and one 10-pounder Parrott gun under
Captain Anderson ; and on the hill in front of General D. E. Jones
headquarters, on the right, Captain Squires battery Washington Ar
tillery, four 3-inch rifles ; Captain [E. M.] Stribliug s battery, one 3-inch
rifle, and three 12-pounder light guns (Napoleons), a section of Cap
tain Chapman s battery, one 3-inch rifle, and one 12-pounder light gun
(Napoleon), under Lieutenant Chapman, and two Blakely guns, of
Capt. Victor Maurin s battery, under Lieutenant [E. P.] Landry. The
heavy fog prevailing obscured the opposite bank of the river and the en
emy s positions entirely from view until about 6 a. m., at which hour, the
sun having partially dispelled the fog, I opened lire from Captain Mil
ler s battery upon a batter3 T of long-range guns of the enemy directly
in front at a range of about 1,000 yards. By previous arrangement
the batteries on the right and left of Captain Miller s position imme
diately opened and the tire became general along the line. We had not