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Assistant Adjuta nt- General.

9 R R VOL XXXV, PT II



130 S. C., FLA., AND ON THE GA. COAST. [CHAP. XLVII.

HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF PENSACOLA,

Barrancas, June 14, 1864.
Maj. JOHN LEVERING,

Asst. Adjt. Gen. , Hdqrs. Defenses of New Orleans :
MAJOR : I have the honor to submit, in connection with my report
of June 3, No. 402, the following additional information in regard
to affairs in my neighborhood received from refugees and deserters :
The garrison at Fort Morgan does not exceed 600 men. There
are two companies of cavalry at Camp Withers, two companies at
Camp Andover, guarding the salt-works, and one company at Camp
Powell, near the Perdido. The general impression is that the rebel
rams will not attack the blockading squadron but content them
selves with defending the harbor of Mobile. At and near Milton
there are three companies of cavalry, about 100 men in all. In the
Blackwater River the rebels have been placing torpedoes at different
places between Milton and Pierce s Point. Colonel Maury is still
above Pensacola, at the Seven and Fifteen Mile Stations, with six
companies of cavalry and three pieces of artillery.

Mobile papers of the 10th instant place General Grant at Mechan-
icsville.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

ASBOTH.
Brigadier- General.

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,

Hilton Head, S. C., Jane 15, 1864.
General H. W. HALLECK,

Chief of Staff:

GENERAL, : I am getting things into shape as fast as possible.
The school of instruction for colored troops is being started at Beau
fort, as being better than this place, and I have got the officers inter
ested in the matter of perfection of drill, &c. At the end of two or
three months, at the farthest, I will have these colored regiments so
set up that they can be taken into battle with confidence.

In consequence of the large amount of transportation* extra stores,
engineer and quartermaster material, pontoons, boats, extra horses,
arms, &c. , taken away by General Gillmore the department is left
nearly stripped of many useful and necessary things. One light
battery and a portion of the cavalry are without horses ; boats and
pontoons are wanting, together with a sufficient number of vessels
for operations inside, as well as for the transfer of troops on the out
side, from one point to another of the department. I trust you will
not think me complaining, for I only wish to give you an inside
view of matters for your private information. I shall endeavor to
make the best use of the means at my disposal, and hope to be able,
after due preparation, to give a good account of ourselves.

I am not so sanguine as I was a week ago about effecting any
great success in an extended demonstration. I have learned more
of the character of the troops left here (General Gillmore. of course,
took the best with him), and find that much discipline and drill is
required. I am, however, getting ready for any small operations
that may offer, and am watching for an opportunity to make a dash
on Fort Johnson. I am in hopes of effecting a surprise. 1 could
take Fort Sumter if it was required, but this will involve some loss,
and for it boats and ladders must be provided.



CHAP. XLVIL] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 131

If the force was large enough to run the risk I could land in the
rear of Mount Pleasant, and take that place, but the position cannot
be held unless the force be large enough to guard its flanks from
troops thrown over from Charleston or collected and thrown into
its rear by crossing the Wando higher up, or unless the iron-clads
be moved into Wando River to hold it. I have proposed this last
operation to the admiral, but I do not think he will undertake it at
present. This force is much weakened. In addition to the depart
ure of the New Ironsides, one or two monitors are undergoing
repairs. Several gun-boats are away for the same purpose ; the
Water Witch is captured, and one or two boats destroyed in Florida.
This has forced the. admiral to withdraw his vessels from the inside
blockade of the waters between Fort Pulaski and Fernaiidina until
his force of vessels is increased.

I inclose a file of rebel papers.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully and truly,

J. G. FOSTER,
3Iajo r- Ge neral, Commanding.



HDQRS. NORTHERN DISTRICT, DEPT. OF THE SOUTH,

Folly Island, 3. C., June 15, 1864.
Capt. W. L. M. BURGER,

Assistant Adjutant-General, Department of the South:
CAPTAIN : I have the honor to report that yesterday evening I
received, by flag of truce, a letter from General Jones to the
major-general commanding department, a letter from General Rip-
ley to myself, which I respectfully annex, and several private letters
by the same means. My only answer to General Ripley, until orders
from the major-general commanding are received, has been and
will be a continuation of the usual fire on the city, with a constant
change of direction, to avoid, if possible, the design of the enemy to
bring their prisoners under our fire.

The officer who received the flag of truce reports to me that the
Confederate officers, in order to get an immediate answer, stated
they would wait, knowing General Foster to be present in the dis
trict.

Charleston must be considered a place "of arms." It contains a
large arsenal, military foundries, &c., and has already furnished
three iron-clads to the enemy. It is our duty to destroy these
resources. In reference to the women and children of the bom
barded city, I therefore can only say the same situation occurs
wherever a weak and strong party are at war. and the practice of
exposing prisoners of war to the fire of the attacking force is as old
as the fact that weak and wicked parties must fall under the blows
of justice. I may be allowed here to state that the act which the
enemy has now committed he has threatened ever since the first
shell exploded in the city, over nine months ago, and it is therefore
fair to suppose some special reason now exists for the fulfillment of
his threat, although I can find no reason other than his desperate
situation. In my opinion the endeavor of the enemy to force us to
give up the bombardment should be the reason for its continuation.
At the same time, as a means to force him to give up his barbarous
practices, the simple fact of retaliation can be made effectual, as I
have as many places where his shells fall as he has in Charleston
where mine fall. I also think that the United States can furnish as



132 S. 0., FLA., AND ON THE GA. COAST. [CHAP. XLVII.

large a number of Confederate generals and field officers as they can
procure of ours. From the fact of the enemy s being so anxious
for an immediate reply I am led to believe the whole thing a ruse,
or at least only a threat not yet carried out.
I am, general, very respectfully,

A. SCHIMMELFENNIG,
Brigadier-General, Commanding District.

[Inclbsure.l

HEADQUARTERS FIRST MILITARY DISTRICT,
DEPT. OF SOUTH CAROLINA, GEORGIA, AND FLORIDA,

Charleston, June 13, 1864.
General SCHIMMELFENNIG,

Comdg. U. S. Forces, Morris and Folly Islands, &c. :
GENERAL : I have the honor to inclose, for transmission to the com
manding general of the U. S. forces on this coast, a letter from
Maj. Gen. Samuel Jones, commanding this department.

The letter informs him that 5 generals and 45 field officers of the
Federal army, prisoners, have been, ordered to be confined in
Charleston. These officers have been placed under my charge, and
will be provided with commodious quarters, in a part of the city
occupied by non-combatants, the majority of whom are women and
children.

It is proper that you should know, however, that the portion of the
city in which they are located is, and has been for some time, ex
posed day and night to the fire of your guns.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

R. S. RIPLEY,
Brigadier-General, Commanding.

[Sub-inelosure.]

HDQRS. DEPT. OF S. CAROLINA, GEORGIA, AND FLORIDA,

Charleston, ti. C., June 13, 1804.
Maj. Gen. J. G. FOSTER,

Comdg. U. S. Forces on coast of South Carolina, C. S. :
GENERAL : Five generals and 45 field officers of the U. S. Army,
all of them prisoners of war, have been sent to this city for safe
keeping. They have been turned over to Brigadier-General Ripley,
commanding the First Military District of this department, who will
see that they are provided with commodious quarters in a part of
the city occupied by non-combatants, the majority of whom are
women and children. It is proper, however, that I should inform
you that it is a part of the city which has been for many months
exposed day and night to the fire of your guns.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

SAM. JONES.
Major- General, Commanding.



PRIVATE.] HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,

Hilton Head, S. C., June 15, 18G4.

Brigadier-General BIRNEY,

Commanding District of Florida :

GENERAL : I am led to believe, from all the information I have
received, that the force in Florida opposed to you is very small. If
this be so, you will be able to make a movement past Baldwin and



CHAP. XLVII.l CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 133

burn the trestle-work on the railroad which General Seymour neg
lected to burn on his retreat from Olustee. I expect you to make
any movement of this kind promising success with little risks that
you are able to make with your present force. The two regiments
now withdrawn are required here for immediate work. I trust
you may succeed in enlisting a Florida regiment. You must obtain
what horses you can in your district, for it is almost impossible to
get them from the North. I will reply to your letter of the 8th of
June by the present mail officially.

The object of removing the main body of the regiment stationed
on Amelia Island from Fernandina to Fort Clinch is twofold, viz,
to secure the fort and guard the prisoners, and to remove the offi
cers and men from the town, where they are sure to become demor
alized, in a greater or less degree. A strong guard, not to exceed
two companies, may be stationed in the fort at Fernandina, to guard
the hospital, coal-yard, &c., provided you judge it advisable. I pro
pose to have a small steamer run from Morris and Folly Islands to
and from Saint Augustine, to bring vegetables, fruits, &c., for the
use of the regiments in the Northern District. The steamer doing
this may also be able to take supplies from this place to Florida,
touching at Fernandina and Jacksonville on her way to Saint Au
gustine, provided you see she is not detained at either of the above
places, nor at Saint Augustine, longer than is necessary for the com
missary 011 board to lay in his supplies of vegetables, &c.

The New York Herald of the 10th, a single copy of which is
received here, [contains] nothing of interest, except the nomination
of President Lincoln for President, and Governor Johnson, of Ten
nessee, for Vice-President. General Hunter has achieved a victory
over the rebels near Staunton.

J. G. FOSTER.



HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,

Hilton Head, S. C.. Jane 15, 1864.
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM BIRNEY. Comdg. Dist. of Florida :

GENERAL : General Foster is in receipt of your favor of the 8th
instant, concerning the letter of instructions of the Gth of June, and
directs me to write you as follows, viz :

He approves of your selection of the cavalry camp to cover Saint
Augustine. You will hold Picolata with such a force as in your
judgment is required. The object of ordering a small permanent
[guard] in Fernandina was to get the troops out of the town. You
will retain in Fernandina a proper garrison, but the main body of
the troops must be encamped some distance from the town.

Colonel Littlefield has been ordered to take charge of recruiting,
mustering in, &c. , of the Florida volunteers, and will report to you
in a few days for that purpose. The Avhole of the One hundred
and fifty-seventh Regiment will be ordered here. Concerning the
detailed men of the One hundred and forty-fourth Regiment, you
are respectfully referred to General Orders, No. 08. from these
headquarters, which must be complied with. In future the quar
termaster will see that you are supplied with a proper amount of
forage.

I have the honor to be. general, your obedient servant.

J. F. ANDERSON,
^fiijor find Aide-de-Camp.



134 S. C., FLA., AJSTD ON TKE GA. COAST. [CHAP. XLVII.

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,

Hilton Head, S, C., June 16, 1864.

Maj. Gen. SAMUEL JONES,

Comely. Confederate Forces, Dept. S. C., Ga., and Fla. ;

GENERAL : I have the honor to request that flags of truce covering
official communications may be instructed to meet our pickets at
Port Royal Ferry, at which point only is it convenient to receive
them.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

J. G. FOSTER.
Major- General, Commanding.



HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,

Hilton Head, S. C., June 16, 1864.

Maj. Gen. SAMUEL JONES,

Comdg. Confederate Forces, Dept. of S. C., Ga., and Fla.:

GENERAL : I have to acknowledge the receipt this day of your
communication of the 13th instant, informing me that 5 generals
and 45 field officers of the U. S. Army, prisoners of war, have been
sent to Charleston for safe-keeping ; that they have been turned
over by you to Brigadier-General Ripley, with instructions to see
that they are provided with quarters in a part of the city occupied
by non-combatants, the majority of which latter, you state, are
women and children. You add that you deem it proper to inform
me that it is a part of the city which has been for many months
exposed to the fire of our guns.

Many months since Major-General Gillmore, U. S. Army, notified
General Beauregard. then commanding at Charleston, that the city
would be bombarded. This notice was given that non-combatants
might be removed and thus women and children be spared from
harm. General Beauregard, in a communication to General Gill-
more, dated August 22. 1803. informed him that the non-combatant
population of Charleston would be removed with all possible celer
ity. That women and children have been since retained by you
in a part of the city which has been for many months exposed to
fire is a matter decided by your own sense of humanity. I must,
however, protest against your action in thus placing defenseless
prisoners of war in a position exposed to constant bombardment.
It is an indefensible act of cruelty, and can be designed only to
prevent the continuance of our fire upon Charleston. That city is
a depot for military supplies. It contains not merely arsenals but
also foundries and factories for the manufacture or munitions of
war. In its ship-yards several armed iron-dads have already been
completed, while others are still upon the stocks in course of con
struction. Its wharves and the banks of the rivers 011 both sides of
the city are lined with batteries. To destroy these means of con
tinuing the war is therefore our object and duty. You seek to
defeat this effort, not by means known to honorable warfare, but
by placing unarmed and helpless prisoners under our fire.

I have forwarded your communication to the President, with the
request that he will place in my custody an equal number of



CHAP. XLVII.l CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 185

prisoners of the like grades, to be kept by me in positions exposed
to the fire of your guns so long as you continue the course stated
in your communication.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

J. G. FOSTER,
Major- General, Commanding.



HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,

Hilton Head, S. C., June 1U, 1864.
Maj. Gen. H. W. HALLECK,

Chief of Staff:

GENERAL : I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy of a letter*
from Maj. Gen. Samuel Jones, commanding the Confederate De
partment of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, dated June 13
instant, transmitted through Brig. Gen. R. S. Ripley, commanding
the First Military District of such department, with copies of Gen
eral Ripley s letter of transmittal and of my reply.* I have sent
Maj. E. N. Strong, of my personal staff, to Fortress Monroe, with
the propeller Mary A. Boardman, with instructions to await your
reply and to bring down the requisite number of prisoners to this
department should the President accede to my recommendation that
the means of retaliation indicated in my letter to General Jones be
adopted.

I have the honor to be, general, very respectfully, your obedient
servant,

J. G. FOSTER,
Major- General, Comm anding.



HDQRS. NORTHERN DISTRICT, DEPT. OF THE SOUTH,

Folly Island, S. C., June 10, 1864.

Rear- Admiral JOHN A. DAHLGREN,

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron :

ADMIRAL : I have the honor to transmit herewith a communica
tion to the commander of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron,
from Lieut. Commander E. P. Williams, received by nag of truce
from the enemy, t I avail myself of this opportunity to inclose a copy
of a communication.!; from Brigadier General Ripley, of the Confed
erate Army, and also a copy of my reportj to Major-General Foster,
command ing the department. By the same flag of truce I received
a Richmond paper of the 10th instant. Beyond the statement that
General Grant had changed his base of operations from White
House to the James River, and effected a junction with General
Butler, it contained no news of importance. Some anxiety was felt
in Richmond for the safety of Petersburg, that city having been
entered by our cavalry, who were afterward driven out.

An Augusta paper of the 9th instant contained no news of interest
in regard to General Sherman s movements. I should be very much

* See pp. 182,134.

f For Williams letter, see p. 352 of Annual Report of Secretary of the Navy,
December 5. 1S64.
{See pp. 131,132.



136 S. 0., FLA., AND ON THE GA. COAST. [CHAP. XLVII.

obliged if you would permit me to retain the deserters who were
sent from the fleet on shore for the present. They will be kept on
Morris Island subject to your orders.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant ,

A. SCHIMMELFENNIG,
Brigadier-General, Commanding District.



HDQRS. NORTHERN DISTRICT. DEPT. OF THE SOUTH,

Folly Island, S. C., June 1C, 18G4.

Capt. C. P. McKENNA,

Chief Engineer, Northern Dist., Dept. of the South ;

The general commanding wishes you to hurry the work on the
boom across the Stono as much as possible. If the plan proposed
will require top much time, he wishes you to adopt some other means
of accomplishing the object, which is to have passage of the river
closed up at once.

I am, captain, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. B. DEAN,
Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General.



HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF FLORIDA,

Jacksonville, Fla., June 16. 18G4.

COMMANDING OFFICER OF CONFEDERATE FORCES IN FLORIDA :

SIR : At 4 o clock this p. m., it was reported to me that a cavalry
lieutenant had ridden out of the lines with 2 privates on King s
road, and had not returned. I gave them up as captured or lost.
At 8 o clock this evening the lieutenant has returned, stating that
he went out with a nag of truce to carry a letter. His act, though
done in good faith, was wholly unauthorized by me and unknown to
me until his return. It was the act of an ignorant and inexperi
enced second lieutenant under advice of a first of the same charac
ter. Neither of them had ever been on duty before on this line, or
connected with a flag of truce.

The occasion of his going was to bear a letter written by me to
Mrs. Jones and Mrs. McCormick in answer to an affecting appeal
from them to give them aid in searching for the bodies of Mrs. Price
and her child. I have the honor to inclose their letter.* You will
see from it that they were waiting for my answer at my outer pickets.
I intended my letter to be handed them there. Nothing was said
about a flag of truce, but this young officer assumed that one was
necessary in the circumstances. Accept my assurance of sincere
regret for this occurrence, and that I shall take measures to prevent
its repetition.

Although this letter is designed for Major-General Anderson. I
send it open, as I wish this explanation to be known at once to the
Confederate officer in command of Cedar Creek outposts.
\ our obedient servant,

WM. BIRNEY,
Brigadier- General, Commanding.

x Not found.



CHAP. XLVII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 137

PRIVATE.] HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,

Hilton Head, S, C,, June 17, 1864.

Brigadier-General BIRNEY,

Commanding District, of Florida:

GENERAL : I wrote you a private letter a few days since about
making an effort to destroy the trestle-work on the railroad west of
Baldwin. My information is to the effect that the enemy s force in
Florida is very small and mainly militia. I trust you will under
take the operation if, in your judgment, the chances are in favor
of success. The plan must be formed by yourself. I would only
suggest that you make the movement past Baldwin, destroying the
trestle-work, and then either turn on Baldwin and take it, or take a
little [sic], whichever promises most success. I wish you also to
give great attention to the drill and discipline of the colored regi
ments. They should be practiced in the firing, both blank and with
the ball at a target. Incompetent officers must be eliminated.

The rebel General Samuel Jones, commanding on the other side,
has placed 5 general officers and 45 field officers, U. S. prisoners of
war, in Charleston under our fire. I have sent to Fort Monroe to
get an equal number of rebels to expose to their fire. No further
news.

Respectfully, &c.,

J. G. FOSTER,
Major-General, Commanding.



FLAG-STEAMER PHILADELPHIA,
Off Morris Island, S. C., June 17, 1864.

Maj. Gen. J. G. FOSTER,

Commanding Department of the South:

GENERAL : My attention has been drawn to the inclosed article,*
purporting to have been written by a correspondent in Hilton Head.
It is asserted therein that the only person who escaped, from the
Water Witch gives information that not a shot was fired in defense.
Now. the fact is that the person alluded to makes no such statement,
but just the reverse. He says that there was hard fighting for half
an hour, and that he noticed the captain (Pendergrast) three times
on the quarter-deck encouraging his men. who were fighting briskly.
He also says that the rebels came in on all sides. It was also known
that the Savannah papers admitted a loss of 7 men killed and 12
wounded. The same article is equally wide of the truth in stating
that the Water Witch was 1,300 tons and carried three 100-pounders
and three 12-pounders. and was one of the fleetest and most valua
ble vessels for blockade in the squadron. The Water Witch was a
nmall steamer of 378 tons and carried only one 30-pounder and three
12-pounders, such as are used in boats. Her full crew only amounted
to 82 men, and of this small number she was 14 men short when
taken, which would not have been the case if the quota of men ex
pected from the troops of this department had been supplied ;
whereas not a man was received until you took command, and now
only 50 to this date, which will not begin to fill deficiencies. She
;vas a convenient vessel on account of her draught, being less than 10

* Not found.



138 S. C., FLA., AND ON THE GA. COAST. ICHAP. XLVII.

feet, but it is absurd to speak of her as a fast or valuable vessel.
She was of -moderate speed, probably not knots, and was only of
account in comparison with other vessels that have no steam. Her
trifling armament and number of men gave her little importance.

Whatever want of vigilance may have existed, all the information
we have goes to show that it was redeemed by a sharp resistance
against superior numbers. The official rebel report which has
reached here states that the fighting was hard.

I hope that the writer of the notice may be called to account for
these statements. They are untrue and unjust to the character of
the commander, officers, and crew of the Water Witch, who. being
prisoners, are unable to say anything in their own behalf ; coming,
too, from persons within the military jurisdiction, they so far receive
sanction as to engender ill feelings between the two services.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

J, A. DAHLGREN,
Rear-Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron.



HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,

Hilton Head, S. C., June 17, 18G4.
Capt. T. A. P. CHAMPLIN,

Chief Com. of Sub., Dept. of the South, Hilton Head, S. C. :
By direction of the major-general commanding, I have the honor
to transmit herewith an extract from a report of Lieut. Col. Peter



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