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^wJWMU.v;w.v.UMU4v.^^aUllii. l^^:jiU^



THE GIFT OF



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Aberdeen University
Studies : No. i8



Roll of Graduates
1860-1900



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University of Aberdeen.

COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATIONS.
CoDveoer: Profetsor Jamer W. H. Trail, F.R.S., Curator of the University Librar>-.

UNIVERSITY STUDIES.
General Editor: Peter John Anderson, M.A., LL.B., Librarian to the University.

1900. No. I.— Roll of AlumtU in Arts of the University and King's College of Aberdeen^ i^^\95o. Edited

by P. J. Anderson.

„ No. 2.—Recordi of Old Aberdun, n57-i89i. A. M. Munro, F.S.A. Scot Vol. I.

M No. y.— Place Names of West Aberdeenshire. James Mscdonald. F.S.A. Scot.

1901. No. 4,— The Family of Burnett of Leys. George Burnett, LL.D., Lyon King of Artns.
„ No. 5.— Records of Invercauld, I547>i828. Rev. J. G. Michie, M.A

1902. No. 6.^RectoriaI Addresses delivered in the Universities of Aberdeen, 1835-1900. P. J. Anderson.
„ No. 7.— The Albemarle Papers, 1746-48. Professor C. S. Terry, M.A.

1903. No. 8.— The House of Gordon. J. M. Bulloch, M.A. Vol. I.
No. g.— Records of Elgin. Willism Cramond, LL.D. Vol. I.

1904. No. lO.^Avogadro and Dalton: The Standing in Chemistry of their Hypotheses. A. N. Meldrum, D.Sc.

., No. II.— Records of the Sheriff Court of Aberdeenshire. David Littlejohn, LL.D. Vol. I.

„ No. la. — Proceedings of the Aberdeen University Anatomical and Anthropological Society, i902-O4.
President. Professor R. W. Reid. M.D.. F.R.C.S.

1905. No. 13. Report on the .Alcyonaria collected by Professor Herdman at Ceylon in 1902. Professor

J. Arthur Thomson, M.A.. and W. D. Henderson, B.Sc.

„ No. ^.—Researches in Organic Chemistry. Professor F. R. Japp, M.A., LL.D., F.R.S., William
Maitland, B.Sc. Joseph Knox, B.Sc, James Wood, B.Sc

„ No. is.—MeminisseJuvat: u^ith Appendix of Alakeia. Alexander Shewan, M.A.

„ No. 16.— The Blackballs of that Ilk and Barra. Alexander Morison, M.D.

1906. No. 17.— Records of the Scots Colleges at Douai, Rome, Madrid, Valladolid, Ratisbon. Vol. I.

P. J. Anderson.
„ No. 1%.— Roll of the Graduates of the University of Aberdeen, iSdO'igoo. Colonel William Johnston, C.B.

„ No. 19. — Studies in the History and Development of the University of Aberdeen. P. J. Anderson
and others.

„ No. 20.— Studies in the History and A rt of the Eastern provinces of the Roman Empire. Professor W. M.
Ramsay, D.C.L., and pupils.

„ No. 21.— Studies in Pathology. William Bulloch, M.D., and other*.



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Roll of the Graduates of the

University of Aberdeen

1 860- 1 900



By
Colonel William Johnston, C.B.

M.A. Aberd., M.D. Edin.



ABERDEEN MCMVI



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PRINTED FOR THE UNIVERSITY

AT THE

ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY PRESS.



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PREFACE.

?-

Q The University and King's College of Aberdeen, founded in

<4949 and the Marischal College and University of Aberdeen,

founded in 1593, were, under the provisions of the Univer-

J^ sities (Scotland) Act, 1858, united on the 15th September,

i860, into one University and College under the designation
of the University of Aberdeen.

^ The names of the Graduates of King's College, in the

several Faculties, are to be found arranged chronologically

^ in Mr. P. J. Anderson's Officers and Graduates of University

r & Kings College^ Aberdeen^ published in 1893, supplemented

by his Koll of Alumni in Arts of the University and Kings

i College of Aberdeen^ published in 1 900 ; while the names of

the Graduates of Marischal College are contained in the second

^^ volume of the same editor's Fasti Acadenda Mariscallana

^ Aberdonensisy published in 1898.

^ The present work, which was undertaken at the request

^ of the General Council of the University, contains an alpha-

betical roll of all those who, from the 1 5th September, 1 860,
until the close of the nineteenth century, received degrees from
the University of Aberdeen in Divinity, Law, Medicine, Arts
or Science.

The Roll contains the names of 4,360 persons on whom
5,626 degrees were conferred during that period {see Appendix
VII.). The name of one Undergraduate who, when under

(V)



159321

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VI PREFACE.

age, passed all the examinations necessary for the degrees of
M,B. and CM., but died before the degrees had been con-
ferred on him, is also included.^ There are also 1 1 1 cross-
references to Graduates whose names were not correctly entered
on matriculation, or have since been altered.

So far as possible, information regarding each Graduate
is arranged in the following manner : —

I. Full name of the Graduate, with degree or degrees
conferred on him or her by the University between 15th
September, i860, and 31st December, 1900. In the case
of Graduates who possess titular distinctions, only those which
they held at the date of their first graduation in the University
are in this place added to their names. A degree obtained
with honours is distinguished by an asterisk (*). A Master
of Arts, who taking an ordinary degree, obtained a University
Prize, has a dagger (t) placed over his M.A. Details as to
Honours and University Prizes are given in Appendix I.

II. Name of the Graduate's father, and place and date
of birth as recorded in the University books. When it is
known that the father was a graduate of any University, or
an alumnus in Arts of King's College or Marischal College,
this information is given. Facts which have been obtained
from sources other than the University records are enclosed
in square brackets. Old Machar and St. Nicholas, which
are frequently named as the birthplaces of Graduates, are the
two Aberdeen parishes of those names.

III. Degrees conferred by other Universities or by

1 See Gilchrist, John Alexander, p. 195. This is not the only instance of a candidate
dying in the interval between passing his examinations and graduation, as a reference to
p. 260 will show that John Johnstone, M.A., 1887, qualified for the degree of B.Sc, but died
before the degree had been conferred on him.



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tREFACfe. Vll

either of the Aberdeen Universities before the Fusion, or by the
University after 31st December, 1900; diplomas which do
not confer on the holders the status of Graduates, granted by
Aberdeen or other Universities ; also the Fellowship of the
Royal Society, of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, of the
Royal College of Physicians of London, of the Royal College
of Physicians of Edinburgh, of the Royal College of Phy-
sicians of Ireland, of the Royal College of Surgeons of England,
of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, of the Royal
College of Surgeons in Ireland, and of the Faculty of Physicians
and Surgeons of Glasgow, are here given, if any of these are
possessed by the Graduate. Membership or Licence of any of
the Medical or Surgical Corporations is not mentioned except
in the case of Graduates who adopted the profession of Medi-
cine without graduating in Medicine at a University. In the
case of Honorary Graduates who were alumni but not gradu-
ates of King's College, Marischal College or Aberdeen Uni-
versity, the period during which they were alumni in Arts is
here stated.

IV. A note, which is necessarily very condensed, indicat-
ing the career of the Graduate. Except in special instances
no reference is made to the published writings of Graduates.
No reference is made to a Graduate holding or having held
a University Examinership, and except in the case of present
holders of the office University Assistantships are not recorded.
Assistantships and curacies held by clergymen or schoolmasters,
who have afterwards held principal charges, are not as a rule
recorded. In the case of Medical Graduates it is to be
understood that, unless otherwise stated, the localities noted



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Vlll PREFACE.

indicate the successive spheres of their practice, but places
in which they remained for only a short time are not generally
recorded. As regards members of the public services, only the
dates of first and last commissions, or of retirement, are given.
Appointments which they may have held during their service,
unless of an exceptional character, war services, etc., are not
detailed.

The compiler desires to thank all those who by their
courteous replies to his enquiries have greatly assisted him in
his work.

He gratefully acknowledges the help freely given, at all
times, by Mr. Robert Walker, Secretary to the University
Court, and Mr. Donaldson Rose Thom, Secretary of Senatus.

To the Rev. Stephen Ree, Minister of Boharm, he is
indebted for having kindly read the proofs and furnished him
with several details that were lacking.

To Mr. P. J. Anderson, Librarian of the University, who
also was good enough to read the proofs, he is under very
special obligations for the never-ceasing interest he has taken in
the work and his many valuable suggestions.

Lastly he cannot refrain from recording how much he
owes to three nieces for their patient industry and ever willing
assistance.

A photogravure portrait of the late Principal Sir William
D. Geddes, whose connection with the University extended
over the whole period embraced in the Roll, forms a frontis-
piece to the volume.

W.J.

Newton Dee,
isi September^ 1906.



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CONTENTS.

PAOB

Preface v

Explanation of some of the Abbreviations and Terms used . . . xi

Roll of Graduates, i 860-1900 1

Appendices : —

I. List of the Graduates, whose names are comprised in the Roll,
WHO obtained Honours, Distinction or Commendation on
Graduation : —

Faculty of Arts ....... 609

Faculty of Divinity 637

Faculty of Law 639

Faculty of Medicine ....... 640

Faculty of Science 654

IL List of the Doctors of Divinity, whose names are comprised in

THE Roll, arranged according to the dates of their degrees 656
in. List of the Doctors of Laws^ whose names are comprised in

THE Roll, arranged according to the dates of their degrees 663

IV. DlPLOMATES IN PuBLIC HeaLTH 673

V. DlPLOMATES IN EDUCATION 674

VI. DlPLOMATES IN AGRICULTURE 675

VII. Table showing the number of degrees granted in each year,

1860-1900 676

List of Subscribers 68i

List of Libraries to which a copy of this work has been presented • 686

(ix)



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EXPLANATION OF SOME OF THE ABBREVIATIONS
AND TERMS USED.

* An asterisk placed above a degree means that the degree was

obtained with honours. See Appendix I.

t A dagger placed above a degree of M.A. means that the

Master of Arts took an ordinary degree, but gained one
of the University Prizes. See Appendix I.

(act.) (Acting.) An Assistant Surgeon, R.N. (a rank which was

abolished 24th March, 1873), ^^s at one time so com-
missioned on first appointment.

A.D.C Aide-de-camp to H. M. the King.

(ad eund.) .Ad eundem gradum (admitted to the same degree).

(Agr.) (In Agriculture.)

Alumnus .... Alumnus in Arts (i.e.^ a student who did not proceed to a

degree in Arts).

A.M.D Army Medical Department.

A.M.S Army Medical Staff.

h Born,

B.A Bachelor of Arts.

This, the minor degree in Arts at most Universities, was
never granted either by King*s College, Marischal College or
Aberdeen University, and has not been conferred by any of
the other Scottish Universities since 186 1, as candidates in
these Universities proceed at once to the degree of M.A.

B.C The style used at Cambridge to designate a Bachelor of

Surgery. C/. B.S. and Ch.B.

B.C.L Bachelor of Civil Law.

B.D Bachelor of Divinity.

B. Hy Bachelor of Hygiene.

Birm The University of Birmingham.

B.L Bachelor of Law.

B.S The style used in some Universities to designate a Bachelor

of Surgery. C/. B.C. and Ch.B.

B.Sc Bachelor of Science.

C.A Chartered Accountant

Camb. or Cantab. . . . The University of Cambridge.

(xi)



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Xll



EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS ANt> TERMS USEt).



C.B.
Ch.B.



Ch.M.



CLE.
(civil)
cl. .
Class.
CM.



CM.G.



(com.) .
CS.L .
CV.O. .
D. .

D.C.L. .
D.D. .
(dist.) .









D.Litt.

D.P.H.

D.Phil.

D.Sc

D.S.O.



Companion oi the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.
(Chirurgiae Baccalaureus.) Bachelor of Surgery.

This degree, by ordinance of the University Commissioners,
appointed under the Universities (Scotland) Act, 1889, was
substituted for that of Master in Surgery (CM.), as the minor
degree in Surgery to be conferred with the degree of Bachelor
of Medicine (M.B.). See CM. and Ch.M.
(Chirurgis Magister.) Master of Surgery.

In the Scottish Universities this is the higher degree in
Surgery and bears the same relation to the degree of Ch.B.
as the degree of M.D. does to that of M.B. Up to the date
of this publication only two Aberdeen graduates (John Alex>
ander Mackenzie, see p. 324, and Isaac Frederick Bemhardi
de Villiers, M.B., Ch.B., 1905, who became Ch.M. in July,
1906) have received promotion to this degree. See Ch.B. and
CM., and cf. M.Ch.

Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.
Of the Civil Division of the Order of the Bath.
Class of honours in a degree.
Classics or Classical.
(Chirurgiae Magister.) Master in Surgery.

This, which was formerly the only degree in Surgery
given by the Scottish Universities, was conferred with the
degree of Bachelor of Medicine (M.B.), until by ordinance of
the Commissioners appointed under the Universities (Scotland)
Act, 1889, the degree of Bachelor of Surgery (Ch.B.) was
substituted for it and the higher surgical degree of Master of
Surgery (Ch.M.) was instituted on the same level as the
higher medical degree of Doctor of Medicine (M.D.). See
Ch.B. and Ch.M.
Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael

and St. George.
Obtained commendation for a thesis on proceeding to a degree.
Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India.
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order.
Daughter.

Doctor of Civil Law.
Doctor of Divinity.
Passed examination with distinction.

(This was not introduced as regards the LL.B. degree
of Edin. until October, 1885.)
Doctor of Letters. Cf, Litt.D.
Diplomate in Public Health.
Doctor of Philosophy. Cf. Ph.D.
Doctor of Science. Cf, Sc.D.
Companion of the Distinguished Service Order.



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EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS USED.



xni



English Presbyterian Church.

Episcopal Church .

F.C



F.F.P.S. Glasg .
F.R.C.P. Edin.
F.R.C.P.I. .



F.R.C.P. Lond.
F.R.C.S. Edin.
F.R.C.S. Eng.
F.R.C.S.I. .
F.R.S. .
F.R.S.E.
Fusion .



G.C.B. .

G.C.I.E.

G.C.M.G. .

G.C.S.I.

G.C.V.O.
H.E. .
H.E.I.C.S. .
(Hon.) .
ihon. dist.) .
(hons.) .
I.C.S. .
I.M.S. .
I.S.O. .
Junior Optime

K.C.B. .

K-C.I.E.



The Presbyterian Church of England.
The Episcopal Church in Scotland,
The Free Church of Scotland.

Formed in 1843 by the large secession (known as the
Disruption) from the Church of Scotland. In October, 1900,
the great majority of the Free Church joined the United
Presbyterian Church and formed the United Free Church of
Scotland. Since that date the minority of the Free Church,
who declined to join the Union, constitutes the Free Church
of Scotland. See U.F.C. and U.P. Church.
Fellow of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow.
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland ;

formerly the King and Queen's College of Physicians of

Ireland.
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of London.
Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.
Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.
Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.
Fellow of the Royal Society.
Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
The union of the two Universities and Colleges of Aberdeen

in i860 was so designated.
Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the

Bath.
Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of

the Indian Empire.
Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St

Michael and St. George.
Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the

Star of India.
Knight Grand Cross of the Rojral Victorian Order.
His Excellency.

Honourable East India Company's Service.
Honorary degree.

Obtained degree with honourable distinction.
Degree taken with honours.
Indian Civil Service.
Indian Medical Service.
Companion of the Imperial Service Order.
One who obtained a place in the third grade in the mathe-
matical tripos at Cambridge.
Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the

Bath.
Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian

Empire.



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xiv EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS USED.

K.C.M.G Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St

Michael and St. George.

K.C.S.I KnigliC Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star

of India.

K.C.V.O Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order.

K.G Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter.

King's Coll The University and King*s College of Aberdeen, 1494, to

X4th September, i860.

K.T Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the

Thistle.
Lambeth .... Degrees granted by His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury

are so designated.
Licentiate (i) ^i^ ^^^ Presbjrterian churches, a clergyman who has re-
ceived licence to preach ; but is not an ordained minister.
(2) In the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and
of Ireland and in the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons
of Glasgow, the grade of Licentiate corresponds with that
of Member in the Royal College of Surgeons of England,
while in the three Colleges of Physicians the grade of
Licentiate is below that of Member of these Royal Colleges.

Litt.D The style used at some Universities to designate a Doctor of

Letters. C/. D.Litt.

Litt. Hum (In Litteris Humanioribus.) In classics. Used in connection

with class lists issued by Public Examiners at Oxford.

LL.D (Leg^m Doctor.) Doctor of Laws.

LL.B (Legum Baccalaureus.) Bachelor of Laws.

LL. M (Legum Magister.) Master of Laws.

M.A Master of Arts. In most Universities this is the higher degree

in Arts to which a B.A. of a certain standing may be
promoted; but as regards the degree in the Scottish
Universities, see B.A.

Mar. Coll The Marischal College and University of Aberdeen, 1593 to

14th September, i860.

M.Ch The style used in some Universities to designate a Master of

Surgery. C/. Ch.M.

M.6 (Medicinae Baccalaureus.) Bachelor of Medicine.

The minor degree in Medicine. See M.D., CM. and Ch.B.

M.D (Medicinae Doctor.) Doctor of Medicine.

The higher degree in Medicine ; but under old Regulations
the Universities of Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh con*
ferred this degree on a candidate who had commenced his
medical studies not later than 1861, without his having pro-
ceeded to the degree of M.B., and the University of St Andrews,
from 1863 until 1897* when the system was abolished by ordin-
ance of the Commissioners appointed under the Universities
(Scotland) Act, 1889, had power to annually confer this degree
direct on ten approved legally qualified me4»cal practitioners,



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EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS USED. XV

(mil.) Of the Military Division of the Order of the Bath.

Medical Directory . . See Medical Register,

MediccU Register . . The official list of legally qualified medical practitioners, pub-

lished annually, since 1859, in accordance with the pro-
visions of The Medical Act^ 1858. It is not to b^ confused
with The Medical Directory which is not official, but
contains much fuller information regarding the members
of the medical profession, furnished by themselves.

Minister In Scotland, when no denomination is mentioned, a clergyman

of the Church of Scotland.
Examination by Moderators at Oxford.
Master of Science.
(Musicae Doctor.) Doctor of Music.
Member of the Royal Victorian Order.
The University of Oxford.
Privy Councillor.

(Philosophic Doctor.) Doctor of Philosophy. This form of
contraction is used to distinguish the degree when obtained
from a Continental University. Cf. D.Phil., which is the
British form.
Royal Army Medical Corps.
Royal Engineers.

In Scotland, (i) The president of the University Court in
each of the four Universities, elected by the matricu-
lated students and holding office for three years. (2)
The head-master of an academy or important public
school. (3) On 3rd June, 1890, the Clergy of the Episcopal
Church in Scotland, at a meeting of the General Synod
in Edinburgh, adopted the term Rector as the designation
of the Incumbent of a Church of that denomination.
In England, (i) The clergyman of a parish who has the whole
right to the ecclesiastical dues therein. See Vicar. (2) The
heads of Exeter and Lincoln Colleges. Oxford.

R.U.I Royal University of Ireland, /orm^r/y the Queen's University

in Ireland.

S Son.

Sc.D (Scientiae Doctor.) Doctor of Science. Cf. D.Sc.

Scottish Episcopal . . .Of the Episcopal Church in Scotland.

Senior Optime . . One who obtained a place in the second grade in the mathe-

matical tripos at Cambridge.

Tripos The honours examination at Cambridge, as divided into the

several departments.
V.F,C. , . . . . United Free Church of Scotland, formed in 1900 by the

union of the majority of the Free Church of Scotland
with the United Presbyterian Church, See F.C. an4



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