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James H. Young, '05^, is manager of
Sales for the Miners Gas Engine Co., Jop-
lin, Mo.

Chauncey L. Goodrich, ^*oi-*02, is a fruit
grower at Ganges, Mich. He is serving
his fifth year as township clerk and is also
a member of the county board of school

Arthur W. MacKinnon, e'oi-*02, is a
wholesale lumber dealer, at 516 Hyde
Block, Spokane, Wash.

Frederick Kerr, e*oi-'o2, is principal of
schools at New Era, Mich.

Herbert C. Hubel, ^'oi-'o2, is a photo-
grapher at St Clair, Mich.

J. Howard Mcintosh, e'oi-'o2, ra2-'o3, is
a traveling salesman. He may be addressed
at Cassopolis, Mich.

Howard A. Heyn, e'oi-'o2, is a leather
merchant at 218 S. Main St., Ishpeming,

Clyde H. Denison, f'oi-*02, is a rancher
at Tatibonico. Cuba.

William N. Lister, m'oi-*02, has been
postmaster at Ypsilanti, Mich., for the past
three years.

Alan D. Knisely, m*oi-'o3, received the
degree of M.D. from the University of
Louisville in 1906 and is practicing at Lima,

George W. Kirby, m'oi-*04, M.D. (Rush)
'05, is practicing at Millersburg, Ind.

James F. Kline, m*oi-'o3, is engaged in
the automobile business at Des Momes, la.,
1320 Grand AVe. W.

Roland J. White, '05/, is practicing his
profession in San Francisco. His address
is 514 Humboldt Bk. Bldg.

Harry E. Folsom, fo2-'o3, n>ay be ad-
dressed at Paw Paw, Mich.

Claude A. Thompson, '05/, has accepted
a position with the law firm of Ellison,
Maclntyre and Davis, 71 Broadway, New
York City. Wm. B. Ellison, senior mem-
ber of the firm is ex-corporation counsel of
the city of New York, and Arnold L. Dav-
is, *98/, is junior member.

John M. Bums, ro2-'o3, may be address-
ed at 218 MoflFat Bldg., Detroit, Mich.

Sidney M. Liddell, ra2-'04, is a banker
at Milford, Mich.

August J. Moilanen, '05/, is located at
Calumet, Mich., where he is secretary and
attorney for the Copper Country Building
and Loan Association which has an author-
ized capital stock of $1,000,000.


'o6e. Edward J. Crdghton, care Toledo Mas-
silon Bridge Co., 324 14th St, Toledo, Ohio.

*o61. Homer K. Mallow, 625 E. Liberty St.,
Ann Arbor, Secretary.

Alice Darnell, '02-'03, is teaching at Lo-
cust Valley, Long Island, N. Y.

Adam A. Walker, '06, is principal of the
high school at Evart, Mich.

Frederick M. Kidd, '02-'03, is engaged
in newspaper work at Ionia, Mich.

Harold C. Frick, '02-'03, is president of
a correspondence school at Rockwell City,

Bessie Jackson, '02-*03 (Mrs. Thad
Snow), may be addressed at Greenfield,

. Harriet E. Howard, 'a2-'o4, is director
of kindergarten work at La Grange, HI.

Mary G. Henson, *a2-'o3, B.S. (Chicago)
'06, is teaching mathematics in the high
school at Atlantic, la.

Edward H. Hemenway, '02-*04, is a hard-
ware merchant at Manchester, Vt.

Mima MacArthur, 'o2-'o3, is principal of
the high school at Minneota, Minn.

Frank E. Lewis, '02-'04, is vice-president
of the Lewis Manufacturing Company, Bay
City, Mich.

Stella Gardner, '02-'03 (Mrs. Erie J.
Nelson), may be addressed at Worthing-
ton, Ohio.

Commodore W. Gorman, '02-*04, is prin-
cipal of the high school at Granger, Ind.

Mary L. Healy, '02-*O3, is teaching at
Houghton, Mich.

LeRoy H. Harrington, f'02-*03, is teach-
ing at Irving, N. Y.

Homer C. Lathrop, e'02-*04, may be pcr-

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manently addressed at Swanton, O. He is
now located at 155 Kentucky Ave, Indian-
apolis, Ind., where he represents the A, D.
Baker Co., of Swanton.

George W. Clark, '06^, of the firm Riser
and Clark, consulting and contracting en-
gineers. Grand Rapids, has just been ap-
pointed instructor of mechanical drawing
at Hackley Institute, Muskegon, Mich.

Edward J. McDonnell, 'o6e, is with the
Illinois Steel Company, and may be ad-
dressed at 5213 Madison Ave., Chicago.

Charles C. Littlebrant, ^'02-'04, is a re-
oorter on the Evening Star, Schenectady,

Edward F. Geiger, e'Q2-*03, is director of
manual training at Ishpeming, Mich.

Percival A. Palmer, '06^, and wife, Grace
L. Guild, '07, reside at 2818 Forest Ave.,
Berkeley, Calif. Mr. Palmer is superin-
tendent for the Thompson-Starrett Con-
struction Company, San Francisco.

Lester J. Garlock, ^'o2-'o4, is a chaffeur
in Detroit and may be addressed at 20
Aurelia St.

Henry Karsten, ^*02-'o4, is a drug clerk
at Zealand, Mich.

John F. Hincks, 'o6m, has removed to
528 N. Eighth St., Long Beach, Calif.

Lewis E. Hemenway, m'o2-'o4, A.B.
(Yale) '01, M.D. (Det. Coll. of Med.) '06,
is practicing at Manchester, Vt

Hisashi Ito, ro3-'o4, reports from Uto,
Kumamoto-Ken, Japan.

Clyde C. Buttrick, '06/, is practicing at
Manistee, Mich., with office in the Savmgs
Bank Bldg.

Nathan E. Jacobs, '06/, has just been elect-
ed city attorney at Muskogee, Okla.

James D. Brownlee, Jr., Fos-os, A.B.
(Princeton), '03. is practicing at 410 Grant
St.. Pittsburg, Pa.

John D. Hotchkiss, ro3-*oS, is practic-
ing law at Akron, Ohio.

Richmond A. Mead, ro3-*04, is now treas-
urer of M. A. Mead & Co., 103 State St.,
Chicago, and resides at 1810 Hinman Ave.,
Evanston, 111.

Norris V. Lateer, /*03-*04, has been book-
keeper in a bank at Paxton, 111., since leav-
ing college in June, 1904.

John N. Dighton, Jr., ro3-*o5, is a bank-
er at Monticello, 111.

Earl D. Monroe, '06/, is assistant states
attorney for Sangamon County, 111. His
offices are Room loo-ioi Farmers Nat'l
Bank Bldg.. Springfield, 111.

Roy W. Davis, ro3-'o4, is chief clerk at
the 6. & M. Docks, St. Joseph, Mich.

Arthur L. Genereaux, '06/, is practicing
in partnership with William B. Clark, '07/,
at North Yakima, Wash.

James T. Keena. ro3-'o4. is an automobile
dealer at 821 E. Pine St., Seattle, Wash.


'07. Archer F. Ritchie, Ann Arbor, Mich.,

'o7e. Chirlet J. Whipple, 4743 Kenwood Atc,
Chicago, Secretary.

Owen S. Botsford, 'o3-'o4, is a mid-
shipman in the United States Navy. He
may be addressed at the United States
Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md.

Le Verne B. Hardes, '03-'04, is a book-
keeper at Trout Creek, Mich.

John R. Heenan, '03-'04, is a real esUte
dealer with office at 41 Buhl BUc, Detroit,

Howard V. Luce, 'o3-'o4, is special agent
for Michigan of the Sun Insurance Office
of London, and resides at 532 Seymour St.,
Lansing, Mich.

William M. Lyon, 'o3-'o4, is business
manager of the Calumet News, Calumet,

Roger S. Isaacson, '03-*04, may be ad-
dressed at 606 E. Green St, Champaign,

Newell A. McCune, '03-'04, is pastor of
the Methodist Episcopal church at Three
Rivers, Mich.

William H. Lightstone, Jr., 'o3-'os, is a
chemist at Arkansas City, Kans.

Josephine A. Nevins, '07, is teaching in
Indianapolis, Ind., and may be addressed
at 840 N. Meridian St

Leroy Fulton, '03-'04, is an expert ac-
countant at Lansing, Mich. Address, 113
Hillsdale St W.

Classmates of David Taylor, c^e, will be
saddened by news of the death of his wife
(Agatha A. Sheffold), which occurred on
Mar. 18 from diphtheria. Mr. Taylor is left
with a little son a few months old. He is
inspector for the Detroit River Tunnel
Company, Detroit, Mich.

Harold E. Kirby, ^'03-'04, is a teacher
of manual training at Grand Rapids, Mich.,
and may be addressed at 836 Peakins St

Howard L. Franklin, ^'o3-'o4, has been
civil engineer with Busch & Percival, En-
gineers, since 1906 and may now be ad-
dressed at 523 Busbanc Bldg., Buffalo,
N. Y.

Loran A. Kerr, ^'03-04, A.B. (Ohio Wes-
leyan), is a law clerk at Tippecanoe City,

James S. Strickler, '07/, is practicing in
Suite 521-525 Chamber of Commerce, Port-
land, Ore.

Waldo E. Dore, ro3-*04, is a lumberman
at Vicksbur^:, Miss.

Senekerin M. Der Hagopian was award-
ed the degrees of pharmaceutical chemist
and Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at
the December meeting of the Regents. He
may be addressed at the Dental Library,
Ann Arbor.

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AnnotmcemenU of marriages should be mailed to the Secretary of the Alumni Association. When
newspaper clippings are sent, be sure that the date and place are stated. Distinguish between dntc
of paper and date of event recorded.

1884. Sidney HolHster Culver, ^S^m, to
Laura Gwin, at Kosciusko. Miss.,
Mar. 2, 1008. Address, Mason, Mich.

1890. Charles Allee Kinnear, *gol, to Grace
Potter (Belmont, Tenn.), at Gaines-
ville, Tex. Address, 809 Queen Anne
Ave., Seattle, Wash.

1898. Robert Southgate Danforth, '98, to
Alta Compton, at Eureka, Calif., Jan.
22, 1908. Address, Eureka, Calif.

1899. George Ethelbert Morden, d'^'97, to
Grace O. Curtis, at Lansing, Mich.,
Mar. 7, 1908. Address, Columbus, O.

1899. Joseph Aldrich Bursley, '99^, to Mar-
guerite Knowlton, '01, at Ann Arbor,
April 8, 1908. Address, Ann Arbor.
Annie Knowlton, 'oo-'o3, was maid-
of-honor, Caroline E. Pattengill, '01,
was bridesmaid, and Philip £. Burs-
ley, '02, was best man.

1902. Lyman Edgar Stoddard, '02, to Alda
Salome Ziegel, at McAlester, Okla.,
Feb. 27, 1908. Address, Wynnewood,

1903. Harry Wells Putnam, 'o3rf, to Clara
Louise Gibson, at Marion, Iowa, Mar.
18, 1908. Address, 725 Kansas Ave.,
Topeka, Kans.

1903. Robert E. Walker, '03/, to Margaret
Norine Fisher, at Detroit, Mich., Oct
12, 1907. Address, Muskegon, Mich.

1904. Albert Harvey Miller, 'o^m, to Ger-
trude Mary Adams, '04, at Sault Ste.
Marie, Mich., Jan. i, 1908. Address,
Gladstone, Mich.

1905. Zina Leip;h Bliss, *oS, to Mildred
Ellen Wiggin, at Saginaw, Mich.,
Mar. 30, 1908. Address, Grosse
Pointe, Mich.

1907. Otis Oliver Stanchfield, '07, to Lola
Lewis, at Frankfort, Mich., Dec. 31,
1907. Address, 182 Bellevue Ave.,
Detroit, Mich.

1907. Frank Eugene Sanger, 'o3-'o4, '07/,
to Jeannette Voorhees, at Kewanee,
111., Dec 17, 1907. Address, Paw
Paw, Mich.


This department of The Alumnus is conducted by Professor Demmon. In order to make it as
complete as fwssible, the cooperation of subscribers is solicited. Let deaths be reported promptly as
they occur, with date and place. Be careful to distinguish between fact and rumor. In sending news-
paper clippings, particular care should be used to distinguish between the date of the paper and the
date of the death recorded. Short biographies of deceased alumni and former students will be given
space when sent to The Alumnus.

Departments and classes are distinguished the same as in the News from the Classes column (see
notice thereunder) and elsewhere in the magazine, except that the Department of I«iterature, Science,
and the Arts is distinguished from others by the letter a, (arts).


Literary Department.

1866. John Elmore McKeighan, A.B., A.M.
'71, d. at the Johns Hopkins Hospi-
tal, Baltimore, Md., March 21, 1908,
aged 66. Buried at St. Louis, Mo.

1890. Charles Towne Alexander, B.L., r90-
'91, d. at Detroit, Mich., March 5,
1908, aged 41.

1900. John Backus Taylor, B.S., M.D. '02,
d. at Vinita, Okla., March 3, 1908,
aged 30.

Medical Department,
1861. William Lewis Hutchinson, r8i-'82,

d. at Zamboanga, Mindanao, P. I.,

Jan. 31. 1908, aged 84.
1871. Charles Tanner Bennett, d. at Battle

Creek, Mich., April i, 1908, aged 65.

Buried at Adrian, Mich.
1873. Hal Clement Wyman, M.S. (Mich.

Agr. Coll.) *87, d. at Detroit, Mich.,

March 9, 1908, aged 56.

1876. Richard Cunningham Traver, d. at
Somerset Centre, Mich., March 18,
1908, aged 69.

1879. Wilbur Gillett, d. at Detroit, Mich.,
April I, 1908, aged 56.

Law Department.

1868. Robert Jay Kelley, d. at Battle Creek,
Mich., March 7, 1908, aged 65.

1900. William Lindsay Allen, d. at Las
Vegas, N. Mex., May 13, 1907, aged
30. Buried at Cherokee, Iowa.

Homoeopathic Medical College.
1887. Matilda Jamison Lyons, d. at Can-
ton, Ohio, Feb. 15, 1908, aged 61.


James Simpson Alford, m*7i'72, M.D.
(Rush) '78, d. at Zionsvillc, Ind.,
Feb. 26, 1908, aged 60.

Erastus Berry, w'67-'68, '69-'70, M.D. (De-
troit) '71, d. at Bellevue, Mich.,
March 9, 1908, aged 84.

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John Glasgow Biffham, m'58-'59, M.D. (N.

Y. Univ.) '00, d. at Millersburg, Ohio,

March 13, 1908, aged 72.
Alexander Macomb Campau, 0*43-44, ^ ^t

Detroit, Mich., April i, loS, aged 84.
William Francis Casavan, a'pS-'gp. M.D.

(Univ. of 111.) '03, d. at Overly, N.

Dak., Oct. 25, 1906, aged 29. Buried

at Fort Dodge, Iowa.
James Williams Dalby, m*85-*87, M.D.

(Columbia) ^88, B.S. (111. Coll.) '85,

d. at Springfield, 111., March 4, 19
aged 44.

Leon Elwood Decker, e*9S-*96, d. at Cape
Girardeau, Mo., Jan. 13, 1904, aged
29. Buried at Adrian, Mich.

Maurice Madison Dodge, m'63-'64, M.D.
(Chi. Hahn.) '72, d. at Tacoma,
Wash., Feb. 22, 1908, aged 65.

Robert Milliken Fames, m'83-'84, M.D.
(West. Res.) '88, d. at sea, Oct. i,
1907, aged 42.

John William Ewing, f98-*99, d. at Prince-
ton, Ind., June 30, 1905, aged 25.

William Gillette Glaspie, o*04-'os, rQ5-'o6,

d. at Oxford, Mich., March 16, 1908,
aged 24.

John Walter Gussenbauer, ifoi-'oa, d. at
Columbus, Ohio, Feb. 12, 1904, aged
22. Buried at Adrian, Mich.

Samuel Rub^r Hayes, m*84-'8s, M.D. (Cin-
cinnati) '86, d. at 'rippencanoe City,
Ohio, March 16, 1908, aged 45.

Joshua Okey Martin, fl'97-'p8, d. at Mead-
ville, W. Va., July 28, 1899, aged 33.

John Rice Miner, a'84-'86, '87-'89, d. at Ann
Arbor, Mich., April 5, I9«, aged 47.

Spencer Beach Moseley, <r'97-'98, d. at Colo-
rado Springs, Colo., July 23, 1907,
aged 29. Buried at Wauseon, Ohio.

Bertha Isadore Rose, a'92-'94, (Mrs. Cas-
sius E. Wakefield,) d. at Denver,
Colo., March 15, 1908, aged 33.
Buried at Morend, Mich.

George Thurston Thomas, wi'72-'73, M.D.
(Rush) '75, d. at (ieneseo. 111., March
15, 1908, aged 55.

William Tibbitts. m'64-*65, M.D. (Bellevue)
'67, d. at Newville, N. Y., March 11,
1908, aged 70.



Charles Towne Alexander had lived near-
ly all of his life in Detroit where he was
born 41 years ago. He was graduated from
the Literary Department of the University
in 1890, and attended the Law Department
the following year. From that time he
practiced his profession in Detroit At
the time of his death he was a member of
the law firm of Miller, Smith, Alexander
& Paddock. He died March 5, at his res-
idence, 202 McDougall Ave., following an
illness of pneumonia which had lasted but
four days. He is survived by his mother,
Mrs. George W. Alexander, a sister, Miss
Emily Alexander, and a brother, Kirk B.


John Elmore McKeighan was born near
Farmington, 111., in 1841. He attended
Knox College at Galesburg, and in 1866
was graduated from the University of
Michigan. He was admitted to the bar
at Ottawa, 111., in 1867. In 1881 he began
practice in St. Louis, where he has been
a promenent member of the bar, and where
he became well-known in the law firm of
McKeighan, Woods, and Watts. He was
twice married. His first wife was Helen
M. Cutler, of Kalamazoo, whom he mar-
ried in 1869. Two children of this union
survive. He was married the second time
in 1899 to Mrs. Ida Hunt, who survives

him. He died March 21, ijo8, at the Johns
Hopkins Hospital at Baltimore, following
an operation for stomach trouble. He has
been president of the St. Louis Alumni As-
sociation since 1895, and the following me-
morial was adopted by the local Alumni
Association :

The undersigned committee, charged
with the duty of preparing an expression
of the sense of the Alumni Association of
the University of Michigan, in view of the
decease of the late John E. McKeighan, '66,
who for many years was its president in
St. Louis, respectfully submit the follow-

The members of the St. Louis Alumni
Association of the University of Michi-
gan, under a deep sense of the loss which
they have sustained by the death of their
brother, John E. McKeighan, '66, have as-
sembled to bear witness of his worth and
to record their estimate of his character.

For thirty-two years Mr. McKeighan was
a member of the Bar of the City of St.
Louis and stood among its acknowled8[ed
leaders. Eminent in a profession which
holds its highest honors dear, and in which
neither genius nor learning, apart from the
moral qualities which inspire confidence,
can command real or lasting distinction,
his professional career exemplified in a
very high degree the true relations of a
lawyer, both to the community and to the
courts, and revealed the secret of his most
enduring success. Unfamiliar with the arts
frequently invoked for self-advancement,

Digitized by





diffident and unassuming to a marked de-
gree, devoting himself exclusively to the
civil practice, and especially the study of
commercial and corporation law, he stood
for more than twenty years as one of the
highest in counsel, and ablest in advocacy
at the St Louis Bar. The bent of his
mind was judicial, and in every case pre-
sented to him he surveyed with care the
whole field of controversy. Endowed with
a quick perception which enabled him to
penetrate to the heart of a question with
little effort; possessed of a remarkable
facility of expression, often a sentence or
a phrase uttered in his incisive way por-
trayed the whole aspect of the subject.

In the Supreme Courts, State and Nat-
iona, where questions of law were to be
considered, where logic counts for more
than nicely turned sentences, and thorough
knowledge of the principle of law are more
effective than eloquence, Mr. McKeighan
was most happy in the presentation of the
cases. The perspicuity of his state-
ment, his apt illustrations, his perfect
candor in dealing with every phase of the
case, his logical reasoning characterized him
as a great advocate. Not only so, but in
the nisi prius courts his ar^ments to juries
were forceful and effective. His quick,
capacious, analytical mind enabled him to
marshal the facts so as to present their
strongest probative force in a way to con-
vince juries of the righteousness of his
cause. Possessing a kindly disposition and
love for humanity, he ever treated courts,
lawyers and litigants with marked courtesy ;
yet was none the less earnest and force-
ful in his devotion to the interests of his
clients. Indeed, he possessed that chival-
rous character which prompted him to ex-
haust every legitimate resource to win vic-
tories for those whose interests were en-
trusted to his care.

As a speaker on public topics, he was
most attractive and entertaining. His mind
was well stored with information, endowed
with ready wit, and the gift of eloquence
so happily combined as to render him equal
to any demand made upon him. Our de-
parted brother possessed a charming sim-
plicity of manner, kindly nature and gen-
erous friendship, which impressed them-
selves upon all who come in contact with
him in every day life.

The key-note of Mr. McKeighan's char-
acter, the secret of his distinguished suc-
cess at the Bar, was his purity of purpose
and his manly uprightness of life. His
clients who relied upon his profound knowl-
edge of the law, still more implicitly relied
upon his integrity which never swerved in
advice nor in action from the path of recti-

Judges to whom his arguments were ad-

dressed listened without fear of being mis-
led by plausible sophistries, and gla(fiy ac-
cepted from him that assistance which it
is the privilege of counsel to afford to the
court. However much his opponents feared
the vigor of his attack or the stubbornness
of his defense, they never dreaded treadiery
nor unfair surprise.

The interests of our departed brother
were not confined alone to his duty as a
lawyer. He possessed a refined and deli-
cate taste, and was a passionate lover of
nature and art; he was also strong and
active in sympathy with whatever tended to
social or political reform, or to promote
organized charity, or to advance the cause
of education. His death will prove a loss
to institutions of benevolence and charity.

Mr. McKeighan was a firm believer in
the good. His sublime faith in the higher
Christianity, and his belief in an overruling
God, robbed death of its sting and the
grave of its victory. During the last few
years of his life, he was aftucted wih ail-
ments which he bore with Christian sub-
mission, in the belief that he was supported
by the overruling good, and that the seem-
ing ills affecting his body were but mortal
error. And when finally his physical pow-
ers yielded to the inevitable, death, he
looked upon it only as passing out of one
room into another where good and only
supreme good obtains.

A more genial friend, a more devoted
husband and father we have never known.

To the members of his family, we extend
our sincere sympathies and condolence.
Seneca N. Taylor, /'6o-'6i, Chairman.

HoRTON C. Ryan, '93, Secy.
Simeon T. Price, '74.


Behtra Isadore Rose (Wakefield) was
born in Ann Arbor, Nov. 11, 1874. She
received her early education in the public
schools, from which she was graduated in
1892, spending the following two years,
'q2 to '94, in the University. She was
married June 25, 1896, to the Rev. Cassius
E. Wakefield, '95, and spent the first years
of her married life at Morenci, Mich.,
where two children were bom. In 1901,
owing to the failing of Mrs. Wakefield's
health, the family removed to Colorado,
where they have since lived. Mrs. Wake-
field died at her home in Denver, Colo..
March 15, 1908, from tuberculosis. The
interment was at Morenci, Mich.


Hal Clement Wyman was born March
22, 1852. at Anderson, Ind. After attending
the town schools and the Michigan Agri-
cultural College which he entered in 1865,

Digitized by





he began the study of medicine in 1869
with his father. A year later he entered
the Medical Department of the University
from which he was graduated in 1873. He
then spent some time in study abroad tak-
ing up practice upon his return at Bliss-
field, Mich., his father's home» where he
founded a preparatory school of medicine.
In 1879 he removed to Detroit, where he
has since remained, and where he founded
the Michigan College of Medicine and Sur-

gery, of which he was long President and
Professor of Surgery. He was a member
of a large number of medical societies and
a number of Detroit dubs, as well as an
honorary member of the Medical Societies
of Rome, Paris, and Havana. The imme-
diate cause of his death, which occurred
March 9, was pneumonia following the
severe exposure in attending to some of
his patients. He is survived by a widow,
a brother and a sister.


The Alumnus reviews recentl;r published works by alumni, former students, or members of the
Paculty. and works directly relating to the University. Copies of such books, sent for review, are
placed in the Alumni I«ibrary in the Alumni Room.


The tall slender jugs, called by the
Greeks lekythoi, which are so often found
in deposits of Attic vases, though objects
of occasional study, have not, as a whole,
received the attention which their varied
artistic and antiquarian interest would war-
rant. Though individually of less rela-
tive value than the cylixes, hydriae and
other larger varieties, there is no form that
offers in its decoration so many illustra-
tions of the domestic life of the Athenians,
or shows so many experiments in tech-
nique, and so persistent an effort to imi-
tate the effects of contemporary painting.
As household containers of perfume or
oil, they were often adorned with pic-
tures of the women, children and slaves
engafi^ed in their everyday occupations and
amusements; when they came more and
more to serve exclusively as offerings for
the dead rather than for daily use, bril-
liant technical effects were not unnaturally
preferred to the modest durability of the
earlier decoration.

Although these vases are interrelated
through their technical history and the char-
acter of the representations, it has not
yet been feasible to treat them systemati-
cally and completely as a whole. The
most important, those with white ground,
though discussed in several earlier mono-
graphs and articles, had been somewhat
neglected in recent years until 1907. In the
early part of that year appeared Mr. Mc-
Mahon's article in the American Journal
of Archaeology, in which, along with a
general classification, the groups with de-
signs in glazed outlines and in dull colors

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