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Dean, Room 255, Engineering building, and applicants in Architec-
ture to the Professor of Architecture, Room 209, Engineering build-
ing, September 19, or February 10.


Bachelors of Arts or Science of this University (and graduates
of other approved colleges) are admitted without examination to
advanced standing as candidates for a degree in Engineering or

They should present to the Assistant Dean or to the Professor
of Architecture an official certificate of the date of their graduation —
not their diploma — and an official copy of the record of the studies
they have completed, showing the subjects studied, the number of
weeks devoted to each» the number of class periods per week, and
the grade attained«

Such students are excused from a considerable portion of the
general requirements for graduation (see page 409). The remaining
requirements- can be completed in two years, if, as an undergraduate,
the student has taken the Mathematics and Physics prescribed for
Engineering students (see page 4oq), and Courses 4 and .S in Draw-
ing (see page 422). A knowledge of differential and integral calcu-
lus, analytical mechanics, elementary drawing and descriptive geom-
etry is required for the advanced work.

The culture imparted by classical or other liberal subjects will
be found to have its uses for one engaged in technical work and a
thorough study of the pure sciences will prepare engineering students
for their work in applied sciences. All the time the student can de-
vote to general studies before taking up specialties will be well spent.

Students who have completed at least one year's work in an
approved college, and who bring explicit and official certificates
describing their course of study and scholarship, and testifying to
their good character, arc admitted to advanced standing without


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386 Colleges of Engineering and Architecture

examination except such as may be necessary to determine what credit
they are to receive for work done in the college from which they
have come.

Such applicants should present a letter of honorable dismissal
from college ; an official copy of their college record ; and an official
record of their high school, or other work, preparatory for college,
the same as those admitted on diploma.

Students who have not completed a year*s college work in an
approved college, but before entering these Colleges of the University
have pursued studies beyond those required for . admission, may be
admitted to advanced standing on passing the regular entrance ex-
aminations, and examinations in such undergraduate . studies as they
may ask to be credited with in advance.

Work in Manual Training and Drawing, pursued in a high
school, is recognized for advanced credit if considered by the in-
structors in the Colleges of Engineering or Architecture equivalent to
the work given in this University. Students desiring advanced stand-
ing in Drawing mUst bring all drawings completed previous ■ to

Advanced credits must be secured before the student is classified
and the record at once placed on file in the Secretary's office. An
account once closed cannot be reopened without special permission
from the Assistant Dean or the Professor of Architecture.


Students who are pursuing work in these Colleges and are not
candidates for a degree, are designated Special Students.

Students over twenty-one years of age who wish to pursue par-
ticular studies in either College and who show by examinations or
by the presentation of satisfactory certificates that they are prepared
to do good work in the selected courses, may be admitted as special
students on the recommendation of the heads of the departments of
instruction in which they wish to study. The object of this rule is
to enable young men who are beyond the high school age to secure
technical training along special lines when they are properly pre-
pared for the work. Two or more years of successful experience as
teacher, draftsman, surveyor, engineer, or operative in engineering
works, will be given considerable weight in determining the fitness
of the candidate. In general, a good working knowledge of English,
algebra, and geometry is required in order to succeed in engineering
studies. Applicants for admission as special students should send
as early as possible to the head of the department concerned letters
of the courses desired.

A two-year course is provided for special students in Architec-
ture. Such students must be qualified for the courses they wish to
pursue and must have the approval of the Professor of Architecture.


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Requirements for Admission 387

They must be twenty-one years of age, must have had two or more
years of experience in architects' offices, and must have a practical
knowledge of architectural drawing. Special students who wish to
pursue courses in advanced building construction, must present the
regular entrance requirements in mathematics.

Special students pay the same fees as regular students. Their
work is assigned and regulated by the heads of the departments of
instruction in which they register.

A special student may become a candidate for a degree by ful-
filling the regular requirements for admission.

A student who is a candidate for a degree cannot become a spe-
cial student without the permission of the faculty concerned.


Applicants for admission on examination should present their
credentials to the Assistant Dean of the College of Engineering, Room
255, in the Engineering building, or to the Professor of Architecture,
Room 209, Engineering building, on Monday, September 19, between
the hours of 9 and 5, and receive from him papers admitting to the
examinations. The result of the examination may be learned at the
office of the Secretary, Monday, September 26, 192 1.

Applicants for admission on diploma should present their rec-
ommendation blanks to the Assistant Dean or the Professor of Archi-
tecture not later than September 26, 1921,

When admitted, each student will be furnished with directions
for subsequent procedure.


Before withdrawal from class work, even temporarily, students
should report to the Assistant Dean or the Professor of Architecture.

Honorable Dismissal will be granted by the Assistant Dean or
the Professor of Architecture to students in good standing who pre-
sent written requests from parent or guardian.


For the rules governing participation in public activities, see
Catalogue, page loi.


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388 Colleges of Engineering and Architecture


Several organizations of students are maintained, aside from the
usual literary societies, for the reading of papers and holding discus-
sions in various scientific lines.

The Engineering Society, composed of and conducted by students
of this College, holds meetings, at which papers of technical interest
are read, and reports made upon observations and experiments. A
reading room is maintained by the society, accessible to all students
of the College. Many engineers of prominence have spoken before
the society in past years.

The Architectural Society holds meetings from time to time for
hearing addresses by visiting or local speakers, and gives a number
of social functions.


The administration of courses for graduates is in the hands of the
Graduate School, under which heading their description will be found.
It should be emphasized here, however, that the world is constantly
setting higher standards for engineers and architects, and that it is
already distinctly advantageous for all students to lay a broad founda-
tion of general courses during their four years of undergraduate work
and reserve specialization for a fifth year. The ^roup system of
electives described below allows the proper freedom of election on
the part of those planning to return for graduate work.

The following degrees are conferred: Master of Science in
Engineering or Architecture, Civil Engineer, Mechanical Engin^r,
Electrical Engineer, Chemical Engineer, Marine Engineer, Aero-
nautical Engineer, Naval Architect, and Architect.

For details, see the chapter on the Graduate School or write to
Dean Alfred H. Liovd, for the special announcement of that School.


These courses of instruction are subject to change from time to
time; those announced for the year 1920-1931 and required for gradu-
ation, as stated on pages 410 to 4m, together with some advanced,
elective, and technical courses, are described on the following pages.

The courses given in the College of Literature, Science, and the
Arts, and described on pages 177 to 378, are all open as electives
to Engineering and Architectural students who are qualified to pursue
them with advantage. Students desiring to elect such courses must
receive permission from the Dean of that College and from the Com-


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Fees and Expenses 389

mittee on Classification of the College of Engineering, or from the
Professor of Architecture,

A student enrolled in the College of Literature, Science, and the
Arts, who desires to elect any of the work in the Colleges of Engi-
neering and Architecture not included in the courses offered in the
former College, must obtain written permission from the Dean of
his College.


See the supplement sheet for important changes in fees.

The Matriculation Fee and the Annual Fee must be paid in ad-
vance. For the rules governing Second Semester fees and the refund
of fees xee page 1 1 7.

Matriculation Fees. — For Michigan students, ten dollars; for
all others, twenty-five dollars.

Annual 1«ee. — For Michigan students, ninety- five dollars for
men, ninety-one dollars for women ; for students not residents of
Michigan, one hundred twetity dollars for men, one hundred sixteen
dollars for women. These fees covers class instruction, use of li-
braries» outdoor physical education and admission to all athletic events
on Ferry Field, membership in the Michigan Union or Woman's
League, as well as medical attention from the University health
service and dispensary.

Graduation Fee. — The fee for graduation is ten dollars, and the
by-laws of the Board of Regents prescribe that no person shall be
recommended for a degree until he has paid all dues, including the
Graduation Fee. TTiis fee will be received by the Treasurer of the
University upon the presentation of a ticket to be secured at the
office of the Secretary of the College in which the candidate is en-
rolled. To receive a degree at Commencement the candidate must be
present in person and must have paid the graduation fee at least
twenty-five days prior to Commencement Day. Others who have
satisfied all the requirements for graduation, including the payment
of the graduation fee, will receive their degrees at a subsequent meet-
ing of the Board of Regents.

Laboratory Fees. — ^The laboratory fees are included in the an-
nual fee, but students in laboratory courses in chemistry must make a
cash deposit to pay for materials used and for breakage. Camp Fee.
— A fee of ten dollars, in addition to the regular tuition for the Sum-
mer Session, is required of students who take Course 3 in Surveying.

The fee required for any course must be paid before the work
of the course is begun.

Total Fees. — ^The total amount of fees paid to the University
during the whole four years' course for matriculation, incidental ex-
penses, materials used, and graduation, is, for Michigan students,
$400; and for others, $515.


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390 Colleges of Engineering and Architecture

Other ExrENSES.-r-There are no dormitories foi* men, and no
commons connected with the University. Stodents obtain board and
lodging in private families. Room rent varies from four to six
dollars a week for each student. Board varies from seven to eight
dollars a week.

Annual Expenses. — The annual expenses of students, including
clothing and incidentals, are, on the average, about seven hundred
dollars. By the practice of strict economy, it is possible to complete
the four-year course for twenty-two hundred dollars, and even less.
Many students are enabled to complete their course by withdrawing
for a year or two to earn money to carry them through the remain-
ing years.

A set of drawing instruments costs about $ao.oo, apd, if well
selected will be serviceable for many years.


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Facilities for Instruction 391



The chief requircraent for a successful school of engineering is
recognized to be a teaching staff organized by the selection of men
who have not oHly had a thorough technical training but who have
engaged for a considerable period in the practice of the particular
branch of engineering which they teach. A large number of men have
accordingly been selected, who have been engaged in practice for
many years.

The work of instruction offered by these men is supplemented
by illustrative material of various kinds. Large collections of photo-
graphs, drawings, working drawings, blue prints, models, working
models, and full sized machines have been made and are freely used.
These collections arc being added to largely from year to year by
gift and purchase, and are invaluable to the student.

The College occupies seven buildings on the campus, and a por-
tion of the New Chemistry building is given over to the work in
Chemical Engineering. The Engineering building occupies a ground
space equivalent to 60 ft. by 650 ft, and is a fireproof structure four
stories high. The Old EngineerUig building is used by the college
for the work in English and Modem Languages. The shops occupy
the old mechanical laboratory building and the survejring department
is temporarily housed in the Natural Science building.


For description of the Physical Laboratory, 5ee page 68.


For description of the Chemical Laboratory, see page 6g.


For description of the Astronomical Observatory, see page 6 1.


The engineering shops are in a group of connected buildings,
and occupy about 30,000 square feet of floor space. Electric power
is used throughout.

The PVood and Pattern Shop, 40 by 127 feet, is equipped with the
tools and machinery usually found in a 6rst-class establishment.


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39^ Colleges of Engineering and Architecture

One end of the shop contains work-benches and tools needed for
hand work in wood. The other end contains benches and tools spe-
cially adapted for pattern making. The central portion is occupied
by a good variety of wood-working machinery. A lumber and pat-
tern loft, 40 by 120 feet, contains blue-printing apparatus, material,
and a large collection of patterns.

The Foundry, 30 by 1 20 feet, is equipped with melting furnaces
for cast iron and non-ferrous metals, core ovens, elevator, crane,
blowers, molding machines, small tools, and other equipment for a
large variety of foundry work. A storage building contains flasks
and miscellaneous bulky equipment. Castings are made weekly, aggre-
gating 40 to 50 tons annually.

The Forge Shop, 40 by 127 feet, contains 28 down draft forges
with anvils and tools for hand forging, equipment for bench work
in metals, a large punching and shearing machine, a power hammer,
and other special forging equipment, lathes, drills, planers, and grind-
ers for elementary machine shop work» furnaces and other equipment
for the heat treatment of steels, an oxy-acetylene welding outfit, and
a large electric* driven fan for supplying blast to fires and for ventil-
ation. The complete equipment is used for instruction in the funda-
mental principles and processes of metal working.

The Machine Shop, 40 by 127 feet, contains one or more of each
of the principal types of machine tools now in general use. These
comprise engine lathes, turret lathes, speed lathes, planers, shapers,
drilling, milling, and grinding machines, and others of more special
types. These comprise a total of 48 power driven machines. In
addition there are portable electric tools, compressed air equipment,
and machines and devices operated by hand. An ample equipment of
small tools for machine and hand use is maintained in a well or-
ganized tool room. The whole is used for instruction in the funda-
mental processes of machine construction.

In connection with each of these four shops there is a recitation
room, in which are collected models, drawings, charts, diagrams, and
books, which are used in the courses of instruction.

The central portion of the building 32 by 54 feet contains lockers
and lavatories in the basement, ofHces and instrument shop.

The instrument shop is provided with machinery and tools for
making apparatus and instruments for the laboratories of the Uni-

A good part of the equipment has been designed and built in the
shops. New machinery is added from time to time by construction
or purchase. TTie entire equipment is used in instructing engineer-
ing and other students in the use of tools for working in wood and
in metals, and in modern workship methods. Opportunity is afforded
to become familiar with the more common materials and forms of
construction used in engineering structures, buildings, and machinery.
In all work an effort is made to follow the practice of the best shops.


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Facilities for histruction 393


Through • the generosity of Colonel Charles Bogardus and his
wife, Hanna W. Bogardus, and by subsequent purchase, the Univer-
sity has acquired a tract of land embracing about 3,200 acres, lying
on the soath shore of Douglas Lake, Cheboygan County, Michigan.
These lands, known as the Bogardus Trace, have a frontage of about
three miles on Douglas Lake. The Surveying Camp (Camp Davis)
is located on the southern and eastern shore of Douglas Lake, or
on the south shore of South Fishtail Bay. The University lands
extend from Douglas Lake to Burt Lake, one and three-quarters
miles to the south. The frontage on the latter lake is considerably
over a mile. Bart Lake has an elevation of 118 feet less than that
of Douglas Lake. The lands bordering Burt Lake contain many
springs, some of which unite to form a small stream known as Carp
Creek. The summer work in surveying was conducted at this site
for the first time during July and August of 1909. The camp grounds
and the lands generally have improved each year. Each class has
left some monument of its activity within the limits of the camp
proper. To date the students have built or aided in the construction
of the following improvements: A harbor for boats; two concrete
buildings, each fifteen by thirty feet in plan ; a water system, includ-
ing wells, a reservoir and distributing system; a concrete platform,
twenty by thirty feet, for adjusting instruments and for similar exer-
cises ; thirteen steel buildings to replace tents ; two piers for sextant
work ; a gravel road through the camp ; walks and stairways ; triangu-
lation stations and concrete piers for indicating the location of a
camp meridian and for determining the center of the camp, — the main
street being laid out in the arc of a circle. During the summer of
191 5 a number of students from the University were employed to
install a complete sanitary system, including standard fixtures, a
sewer, and septic tank. At the same time a new kitchen with a base-
ment t¥^efity-eight feet square, was completed. During the summer
of 19 16, seventeen steel residence buildings were erected. Ten steel
residence buildings and an instrument room were added in 191 7,
and ten additional residence buildings were erected in 1919. While
the prescribed work in surveying (page 450), occupies much of the
time of the students, yet they have opportunities to take part in many
activities which are valuable in themselves. Students publish a camp
paper; they enforce sanitary regulations; they organize parties for
participation in construction work ; they aid in entertaining visitors
and participate in athletic activities. By thorough organization in
every department all become quickly acquainted with the duties that
must be performed. The resulting spirit of kindly cooperation and
loyalty cannot be exceeded anywhere.


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394 Colleges of Engineering and Architecture


The Mechanical Engineering laboratory is located in the Engi-
neering building and occupies a total floor space of some 13,000 sq. ft.
The laboratory as a whole comprises all the equipment utilized for
illustration of the theory involved in Mechanical Engineering and
for research experimental work. Separate laboratory instruction is
given along the lines of Hydraulic machinery and Automobiles and
those parts of the equipment applying especially to th^se divinon* are
segregated to form the Hydraulic laboratory and the Automobile
laboratory of which special mention is made below.

The equipment of the general Mechanical Engineering labote-
tory consists of steam power machinery and apparatus ; internal comr
bustion engines; air compressors; refrigeration machinery; and heat-
ing and ventilating apparatus; as well as the auxiliary apparatus for
use in testing the various machines. Among the most interesting of
the machines may be mentioned a 25 KW Curtis steam turbine ; a ao
KW De Laval steam turbine; several steam engines var3ring from 10
to 150 H. P. ; a 40 H. P. Stirling boiler; two high-pressure air com-
pressors delivering air at 2»6oo pounds per sq. in.; a 13-ton ice-
making plant complete in every respect ; a Sirocco fan of latest type ;
and a complete experimental fan-heating system. In addition to the
laboratory equipment, the University heating and lighting plant is
available for experimental work as are also the plants of the city
water company.

Besides the larger machinery the laboratory is equipped with all
the necessary and desirable instruments used in testing, such as engine
indicators, indicating and recording gages, thermometers, pyrometers,
flow meters, weighing apparatus, etc. The instrument room also
contains the standards for calibrating and correcting the various in-
struments. The laboratory is further equipped with apparatus for
use in fuel calorimetry and anal3rsis, and oil testing, suitable to the
needs of the mechanical engineer.

While by far the greatest part of the equipment oi the laboratory
is devoted to the standard tests required in the regular work, there is
nevertheless a large amount of special apparatus developed for the
solution of specific problems.

Hydraulic Laboratory, — This laboratory oocupies a space of
40 X 60 ft. on two floors. A canal 4 ft. wide and 14 ft. 6. in. deep
conveys water from the naval tank to a well which furnishes the
suction supply for the pumps. A 15-inch centrifugal pomp geared
to a 150 H. P. variable speed motor returns the water through two
weighing tanks, each holding 600 cu. ft., to the naval tank. The canal
is provided with bulk heads, screens, wiers, and nozzles arranged
for various kinds of tests. The naval tank itself is arranged with
bulk heads dividing it into basins each 100 feet long, and by me^ns
of a sluice in the bottom, connecting with the canal, various ar-


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Facilities for Instruction 395

rangements for pumping can be made. Other pieces of apparatus of
special interest are a one million gallon duplex pump, a tangential
water wheel direct connected to a 100 KW Fairbanks-Morse alter-
nator with excitor and switchboard, a large Francis water wheel,
and a number of smaller pumps and water wheels.

Besides the above equipment, the two Rees Roturbo pumps of
the University fire protection system are installed in the Hydraulic
laboratory, each pump being driven- by a 150 H. P. variable speed
induction motor. These pumps are arranged for use in experimental

Automobile Laboratory, — The Automobile laboratory consists of
an engine testing section, a research room, and a section for demon-
stration of automobiles, motor trucks, and their component parts.
The equipment of the engine testing and demonstrating section in-
cludes some twenty automobile, truck, tractor, and aeroplane engines

Online LibraryUniversity of MichiganCatalogue of the University of Michigan → online text (page 35 of 75)