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HENRY JULIUS COIAAW, Instrument Maker at the Observa-
tory.

FRANK L. PUTNAM, Assistant Instrument Maker at the Observa-
tory.

BURR F. ANDERSON, Technical Assistant in Roentgenology.

MARTIN BILON, Head Gardener, Botanic Garden.

JOHN BONIN, Instrument Room Assistant in Surveying.

DANIEL J. BORDEN, Laboratory Attendant in Physiology and
Pharmacology.

EDWIN A. BOYD, Laboratory Attendant in Highway Engineering.

HARRY D. BOYD, Instrument Room Assistant in Mechanical Engi-
neering.

SARAH CLARKSON, A.B., Technical Assistant in Internal Medi-
cine.

WILLIAM L. CRISTANELLI, Technician in Zoology.

OSWALD M. GRUHZIT, M.S., Tichnical Assistant in Pathology.

ERNEST E. HU BER, Technical Assistant in Anatomy.

^^()RIKIYO UYEIIARA, Technical Assistant in Zoology.

IDA L. WIEBER, Technical Assistant in Pathology.



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Members of the Faculty and Other Officers 55

BRYANT WALKER, A.B., LL.B., Detroit, Honorary Curator of
Mollusca,

WILLIAM W. NEWCOMB, B.S., M.D., Detroit, Honorary Curator
of Lepidoptera.

ARTHUR S. PEARSE, Ph.D., Madison, Wis., Honorary Curator
of Crustacea,

BRADSHAW HALL SWALES, LL.M., Grosse Isle, Honorary As-
sociate in the Museum,

ARTHUR W. ANDREWS, Detroit, Honorary Associate in the Mu-
seum,

CHARLES KEENE DODGE, A.B., Port Huron, Honorary Asso-
ciate in the Museum,

Hospitals

CHRISTOPHER G. PARNALL, A.B., M.D., Director of the Uni-
versity Hospital,

DURAND WILLIAM SPRINGER, B.S., Superintendent of the
University Homoeopathic Hospital,

ROBERT GEORGE GREVE, Steward of the University Hospital,

tGENEVIEVE REED, Principal of the Training School for Nurses
in the University Homoeopathic Hospital,

MARY A. WALSH, Principal of the Training School for Nurses in
the University Hospital,

BARBARA HAECKER BARTLETT, B.S., Director of Courses in
Public Health Nursing,

EDNA M. CRANDELL, R.N., Acting Principal of the Training
School for Nurses in the University Homoeopathic Hospital,

JAMES PERRY BRIGGS, Ph.C, Pharmacist in the University
Hospital,

Gymnasiums

GEORGE AUGUSTUS MAY, M.D., Director of the Waterman
Gymnasium,

PHILIP GEORGE BARTELME, Director of Outdoor Athletics,

MARION OLIVE WOOD, Director of the Barbour Gymnasium,

STEPHEN JOHN FARRELL, Instructor in Physical Training,



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5*6 Members of the Faculty and Other Officers

MARION DAW LEY, Instructor in Physical Education,
ROY C. BUELL, Instructor in Physical Training.
IRVING B. CLARK, Instructor in Physical Training,
MARJORIE BROWN, Teaching Assistant in Physical Education,

Military Science and Tactics

ROBERT ARTHUR, Major, U. S. A., Professor of Military Science
and Tactics, and Commandant.

WILLIS SHIPPAM, M.E., Major, U. S. A., Assistant Professor of
Military Science and Tactics, and Adjutant.

HARRY F. MILLER, Private, U.S.A., Assistant in Military Science.

University Health Service

WARREN ELLSWORTH FORSYTHE, B.S., M.D., Director and
Physician to the University Health Service.

M. ELOISE WALKER, A.B., M.D., Associate Physician to the
University Health Service.

VIRGIL A. ROSS, M.D^ Assistant Physician to the University
Health Service.

CHARLES C. WOLCOTT, B.S., M.D., Assistant Physician to the
University Health Service.

WILLIAM P. EDMUNDS, M.D., Assistant Physician to the Uni-
versity Health Service,

EMERY W. SINK, M.S., M.D., Refractionist.

LEONARD RANSOM WAGNER, Ph.C, Pharmacist to the Uni-
versity Health Service*

RHODA HAND, Clerk to the University Health Service.

Board in Control of Atretics

Professors R. W. AIGLER, Chairman; C, T. JOHNSTON, L. M.
GRAM, and W. A. FRAYER; Director, P. G. BARTELME;
Alumni Members, JOHN D. HIBBARD, JAMES E. DUFFY.
and CHARLES DcCHARME; Undergraduate Members,
ALAN W. BOYD, ROBERT COOK, and DAVID A. FORBES.



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University of Michigan



THE UNIVERSITY AND THE STATE

The University of Michigan is a part of the public educational
system of the State. The governing body of the institution is a
Board of Regent9, elected by popular vote for terms of eight years,
as provided in the Constitution of the State. In accordance with the
laws of the State, the University aims to complete and crown the
work that is begun in the public schools by furnishing ample facili-
ties for liberal education in literature, science, and arts, and for
thorough professional study of engineering, architecture, medicine,
law, pharmacy, and dentistry. Through the aid that has been re-
ceived from the United States and from the State, it is enabled to
offer its privileges, with only moderate charges, to all persons of
either sex, who are qualified for admission. While Michigan has
endowed her University primarily for the higher education of her
own sons and daughters, it must be understood that she also opens
the doors of the institution to all students wherever their homes. It
is in this broad, generous, and hospitable spirit that the University
has been founded, and that it endeavors to do its work.



I. The College of Literature, Science, and the Arts.

II. The Colleges of Engineering and Architecture.

III. The Medical School.

IV. The Law School.

V, The College of Pharmacy.

VI. The Homoeopathic Medical School.

yil. The College of Dental Surgery.

VIII. The Graduate School.

In a Summer Session regular courses of instruction are given in
the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, the Colleges of
Engineering and Architecture, the Medical School, the Law School,
the College of Pharmacy, the Homoeopathic Medical School, and the
Graduate School, together with a School of Library Methods and a
Biological Station.



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58 The University



On the completion of prescribed courses of study degrees arc
conferred by the University as follows: In the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, and Bachelor
of Science; in the Colleges of Engineering and Architecture, the
degrees of Bachelor of Engineering and Bachelor of Architecture;
in the Medical School, the degree of Doctor of Medicine ; in the Law
School, the degrees of Bachelor of Laws, Juris Doctor, and Master
of Laws ; in the College of Pharmacy, the degrees of Pharmaceutical
Chemist and Bachelor of Science (in Pharmacy) : in the Homoeo-
pathic Medical School, the degree of Doctor of Medicine; in the
College of Dental Surgery, the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery;
in the Graduate School, the degrees of Master of Arts, Master of
Science, Master of Landscape Design, Master of Science in Engi-
neering and in Architecture, Master of Science (in Pharmacy),
Master of Science in Public Health, Civil Engineer, Mechanical Engi-
neer, Electrical Engineer, Chemical Engineer, Marine Engineer and
Naval Architect, Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Science, and Doctor
of Public Health.

Students in any School or College of the University may enter
the classes in any other School or College, upon obtaining permission
from the two faculties.



THE UNIVERSITY SENATE

The University Senate is a body composed of the President of
the University, the Professors, Associate Professors, and Assistant
Professors of all the Schools and Colleges, and the Librarian. The
University Senate is authorized to consider any subject pertaining
to the interests of the University, and to make recommendations to
the Regents in regard thereto.

The Senate Council consists of the President of the University,
the Deans of the several Schools and Colleges, the Chairman of the
Committee on Student Affairs, and members elected by the several
faculties as follows: from the College of Literature, Science, and the
Arts, two; and from the Colleges of Engineering and Architecture,
the Medical School, the Law School, the College of Pharmacy, the
Homoeopathic Medical School and the College of Dental Surgery,
one each.

The functions of the Senate Council are as follows :

1. To consider matters appertaining to the general welfare of
the University and report upon the same to the University Senate.

2. To communicate to the Regents through the President the
action of the Senate.

3. To act for the Senate during vacation periods.



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The Libraries 59



4. To adopt rules and regulations for the transaction of its
bosiness and to elect a secretary from its members, who is empow-
ered to call meetings at the direction of the President, at the request
of two Deans, or three members of the Council, or upon the written
request of Aye members of the University Senate.

5, To call upon members of the University Senate for such
service, information, and assistance as may be desirable.



THE LIBRARIES

The Libraries of the University are the General Library, the
Engineering Library, the Medical Library, the Law Library, the
Homoeopathic Library, the Dental Library, the Natural Science
Library, and the Chemical Library. They contained in the aggregate,
June 30, 1920, 433,394 volumes. Two thousand fifty-three periodicals
are regularly received.

Thb Gbneral Library contains 333,291 volumes and over 5,000
maps. It inclndet the following special collections : Parsons Library
(political economy), 6,076 volumes; McMillan Shakespeare Library,
6iS2S volumes; Goethe Library, 1,131 volumes. The Hagerman Col-
lection and the Dorsch Library, formerly treated as special collec-
tions, have, with the approval of the donors, been merged in the gen-
eral collection.

Within the last few years the library has been enriched by sev-
eral large and valuable gifts. Among the more important of these
that deserve special mention are the historical books, including the
Stevens Facsimiles, presented by Mc Clarence M. Burton, of De-
troit; the Morris Philosophical Library, presented by Mrs. George
S. Morris; the Alphens Felch Historical Library, bequeathed by the
late Governor Alpheus Felch; the Walter Library of Romance Litera-
ture, bequeathed by the late Professor Edward L. Walter ; the Stearns
Musical collection, presented by Messrs. Frederick and Frederick K.
StearAs, of Detroit; the Germanic Library of the late Professor
George A. Hench, presented by his mother, Mrs. Rebecca A. Hench;
the Geological Library of the late Professor Israel C. Russell, pre-
sented by his widow ; the E. Cora DePny collection of original manu-
scripts of authors ; and the major portion of the libraries of Richard
Hudson, former Professor of History, of Elisha Jones, formerly
Professor of Greek, and of the late Mr. T. S. Jerome, of Capri, I taly.

In Febraary, 1920, the Hon. William L. Clements, B.S., 1882,
Regent of the University, announced his prospective gift to the Uni-
versity of his valuable library of books and original manuscripts,
especially rich in colonial history, together with a suitable building to
house the collection. By this addition the University of Michigan will



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6o The University



acquire an equipment unsurpassed for the study of American history.
The building will be erected and the library transferred in the near
future.

The University library is one of the depositories for the printed
catalogue cards issued by the Library of Congress; it has acquired
those printed by the John Crerar Library, of Chicago; it subscribes,
also, to the card publications of the American Library Association,
Harvard University, the University of Chicago, the Royal Library,
Berlin, and various other libraries. The bulk of the University's
book possessions are now recorded in a public catalogue based largely
on these various series of printed cards.

A large new library building was opened in January, 1920. This
building has seats in its various reading rooms for about one thou-
sand readers, and can house over a million volumes. Special facili-
ties are afforded for advanced students in the immediate vicinity of
the books, and ample provision is made for the quick service of
books required to be read by undergraduates. There are also special
reading rooms for current periodicals and for medical periodicals and
books. The Bindery and Printing Plant arc in the basement.

Books may be drawn by all officers and students of the Univer-
sity, and by others having special permission. The library is open
for consultation fourteen hours daily, except during the vacation
after the close of the summer session, when it is open ten hours daily.
During the regular academic year the library is open on Sundays,
for reference use, from 2 to 9 P. ir. On important legal holidays
the library is closed.

The income of the Ford-Messer Bequest of $20,000, of the Coyl
Bequest of $10,000, and of the Octavia Williams Bates Bequest
of over $17,000, is used for the increase of the General Library.

The Natural Science Library, containing 15,461 volumes, is
housed in a specially designed *room in the Natural Science building.
It is in charge of an assistant detailed from the General Library.
It covers the modem books and periodicals in Psychology, Mineralogy,
Zoology, Botany, and Forestry. One hundred eighty- five periodicals
are received.

The Chemical Library, containing 9,882 volumes, occupies a
special room in the Chemistry and Pharmacy building and is in
charge of an assistant detailed from the General Library. One hun-
dred nineteen periodicals are currently received.

The Engineering Library, containing 15,703 volumes, occupies
a special room in the Engineering building and is in charge of an
assistant detailed from the General Library. The Architectural
Library, containing 2,279 volumes, is housed in the Engineering
Library. In addition, more than four thousand books on Engineering
and Architecture are shelved with the collections of the General
Library. One hundred ninety-eight engineering and architectural
periodicals are received.



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The Astronomical Obsen^atory 6f

The Medical Library, containing 51*299 volumes and 500 pam-
phlets, is shelved with the General Library, and is consulted under
its regulations. Four hundred forty-one periodicals are regularly
received.

The Law Library, containing 41,882 volumes, occupies the large
room on the second floor of the Law building. Fifty-Rve periodicals
are taken.

The Library of the Homoeopathic Medical School is shelved
with the General Library, and is subject to its regulations. It con-
taibs 4*414 volumes. Twenty-nine periodicals are regularly received.

The Library of the College of Dental Surgery* is shelved
in a room in the Dental building. It contains numerous sets of valu-
able periodicals and the most important treatises on the theory and
practice of dentistry. The whole number of volumes is 3,526. The
library has recently been enriched by the private collection of the
late Dr. W. D. Miller, consisting of about three hundred volumes.
Twenty-five dental periodicals are taken.



THE ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATORY

The University Observatory was founded in 1852, through the
libctality of citizens of Detroit, and on this account it was named
Detroit Observatory. It is situated on the northeastern border of the
city of Ann Arbor, about half a mile from the University, on a site
overlooking the valley of the Huron River. The Observatory grounds
now contain thirty acres.

In the beginning the principal instruments of the Observatory
were a refracting telescope of I2j4 inches aperture, constructed by
Henry Fitz, of New York; a meridian circle of six inches aperture
by Pister & Martins, of Berlin, the gift of Henry N. Walker, of
Detroit; a sidereal clock by Tiede; a chronograph by Bond; and a
four-inch comet-seeker.

About 1880, to increase the facilities for instruction, a six-inch
refracting telescope, equatorially mounted, with objective by Alvan
Clark & Sons, and a three-inch transit instrument, with zenith tele-
scope attachment, were obtained, both made by Fauth & Company,
of Washington. Since then to the same end other instruments have
been obtained, notably the following: a mean time clock by Howard,
chroaoDieters by Bond, and by Negus, chronograph by SaegmuUer,
altazimuth instrument by Wurdemann, theodolites by Brandis, sex-
tants, transit, computing machines, etc. The 12^-inch refractor was
reconstnicted by the Observatory Shop in 1907 and a new filar
micrometer fitted to it, made by the Warner & Swasey Company, of

* Named the Taft Library in honor of the late Professor Jonathan
Taft, by action of the Board of Regents in July, 1904.



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62 The University



Cleveland. A new driving clock has been made for the six-inch
refractor and a camera has been attached to this instrument for
making astronomical photographs. This camera has a Tessar lens
of 4.5 inches aperture. A new comet seeker of 4.5 inches aperture
has also been constructed.

Facilities for modern astrophysical research have been provided
by installing a large reflecting telescope, of 37^ inches aperture.
This instrument was designed at the Observatory and built by the
Observatory Shop. The optical parts were made by the John A.
Brashear Company, of Allegheny. It is equatorially mounted and
is used as a Cassegrain reflector. Since its completion, in 191 1, it
has been used by officers of the Observatory and by graduate stu-
dents almost exclusively for stellar spectrographic research. It is
supplied with a single-prism spectrograph of efficient modern con-
struction, designed especially for radical velocity determinations. The
Observatory has four engines designed particularly for the measure-
ment of spectrograms; also a large comparator, which may be used
for this purpose, and likewise for the measurement of rectangular
coordinates of stellar photographs ; and a Hartmann microphotometer
by Telfer, having attachments enabling it to be used as a measuring
engine.

A refracting telescope of twenty-four inches aperture, the gift of
Mr. R. P. Lamont, of Chicago, has been designed at the Observatory.
This instrument is in an advanced stage of construction. Its com-
pletion has been delayed owing to the difficulty in obtaining the disks
of glass required for the objective.

The Observatory has received, as a gift from Justice J. E.
Howell, of Newark, New Jersey, a portable telescope of 4.6 inches
aperture, made by Benj. Pike's Sons, of New York.

A set of seismographs for the registration of vibrations due to
earthquakes has been continuously in operation since 1909. This set
includes two Bosch-Omori horizontal pendulums, each with a steady
mass of 320 pounds; a Weichert seismograph, also with a steady
mass of 220 pounds, and registering two horizontal components; and
a Weichert vertical seismograph.

A shop supplied with excellent machine and hand tools is main-
tained at the Observatory. It has been an important factor in devel-
oping the resources of the Observatory, by the construction of new
instruments and the modification of old ones, to meet the requirements
of instruction and research.

The larger instruments are intended for research, and when not
otherwise employed will be available to that end to such students as
have the technical ability to use them to advantage.

For many years the Observatory has been receiving the principal
astronomical publications, and its technical library is reasonably com-
plete. It contains nearly all the printed star catalogues, most of the
modern publications of observatories and astronomical societies, and
nearly complete files of the astronomical periodicals.



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The Museums 63



THE MUSEUMS

The University Museums contain collections in zoology, anthro-
pology, geology, mineralogy, botany, materia medica, chemistry,
anatomy, the industrial arts, and the fine arts. These are deposited
in the various buildings devoted to the subjects they illustrate, except
the zoological and anthropological collections, which are housed in a
separate building — the Museum of Zoology. All of these are acces-
sible both to students and to visitors. The University affords a secure
depository for objects of value, and it is hoped that frequent gifts
will be made to its several collections.

THE MUSEUM OF ZOOLOGY

The collection in the Museum of Zoology may be ascribed as
follows :

I. Thk Zoological Collkctions. — ^These are large and valuable.
They include a series of animals from Western United States
made by Lieutenant Trowbridge, a large number of specimens from
South America and the Philippines collected by Dr. Joseph B. Steere,
a considerable amount of material obtained by the Museum expedi-
tions to various parts of the United States, South America, and
Central America, and the extensive collections of the Michigan Geo-
logical and Biological Survey. A special effort is made to accumu-
late zoological specimens from all parts of the State in sufficient
quantity to permit of detailed scientific study, and to obtain the
foreign forms needed in comparative work. All of the collections
are available for study, the specimens being catalogued and system-
atically arranged, and the mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and
insects have also been systematically catalogued. As far as circum-
stances will permit, capable persons are given every opportunity to
study the collections.

The Mammal Collection contains a valuable series of skins and
osteological preparations in addition to the specimens on exhibition.
There are about i,ooo specimens in this department, most of which
are from Michigan, but foreign types are being acquired as rapidly
as possible.

Tk^ Bird Collection includes about 8,000 skins and 1,600 mounted
specimens. There are large series from Michigan, representing the
variations with age and sex in many species, but there are also many
specimens from various parts of the new and old worlds. The col-
lection of bird stomachs numbers 2,500 entries. A series of groups
illustrating biological facts has been installed. In these groups the
natural surroundings are reproduced in detail. There are forty-three
typesy eight paratypes, and two cotypes, representing forty-four species
in the collection.



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64 The University



The Reptile and Amphibian Collection contains a large series of
Michigan specimens, the variety and' number of specimens making
it the most valuable collection of its kind in the State. In addition
to the Michigan material there are several thousand specimens from
various parts of North, Middle, and South America and a rapidly
growing series of Old World forms. There are many types in the
collection.

The Fish Collection is composed almost entirely of Michigan
forms. There are about 12,000 specimens, most of which were col-
lected by the various surveys and which are thus accompanied by
ecological data.

* The Mollusk Collection includes shells of about 6,000 species,
representing most of the genera of the land, fresh-water, and marine
shells. The specimens have for the most part been identified by ex-
perts which makes the collection of special value to the student.

The Insect Collection at present contains several thousand deter-
mined species, representing about 150 families, which are systemati-
cally arranged and catalogued. The collection is particularly strong
in Michigan material, and much of this has been collected by the
several Museum and State surveys and is accompanied by ecological
data. The material is from nearly every state in the Union; and
Europe, Africa, South and Middle America, and the South' Pacific
Islands. There is a particularly good series, principally economic
forms, from the Philippines (the Ledyard Collection). There are
many types in the collection.

Miscellaneous Invertebrates, — The collections of invertebrates
other than insects and mollusks consist largely of miscellaneous mate- ,
rial for illustrative purposes. The only extensive series* is of Crus*
tacea, which comprises a determined collection of American forms.
There are types and paratypes of several special of crustaceans.

II. The Anthropological Collections. — Among the most
notable features of this department of the Museum are: —

a. The Oriental Section, including the entire Chinese Collection,
mentioned below, weapons, clothing, farm implements, carpenters'
tools, porcelains, and idols, from China, Formosa, and the Philippines,
secured by the Beal-Steere Expedition, and an interesting series of
South Sea Island weapons, presented by the Smithsonian Institution.

In 1885 the Chinese government presented to the University the
exhibit which it sent to the New Orleans Exposition. A part of the
collection, numbering several thousand specimens, is on exhibition in
the museum building. It illustrates with special fullness the varieties



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