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messages. Two hours a week. Professor Goddard.

Bankruptcy. — Proceedings under the Bankruptcy Act, including the
law of fraudulent conveyances. Two hours a week. Professor


BUls of Exchange and Promissory Notes, — Includes a study of the
Negotiable Instruments Law as enacted in many of the states.
Three hours a week. Professor Waitk.

Code Pleading. — ^Two hours a week. Professor Sunderland.

Conflict of Laws — A study of the law that governs in transactions
between parties in different states, or in foreign countries,
where the laws of the different states, or countries, as to the
matter involved, are diverse. Three hours a week. Professor

Constitutional Law /. — General principles of constitutional law, fed-
eral and state. Making and changing constitutions; function
of judiciary in enforcing constitutions; separation and delega-
tion of governmental powers; political and civil rights; inter-
state privileges and immunities of citizens; due process and
equal protection of law; police power; taxation; eminent do-
main. Three hours a week, first semester. Professor Bates.

Constitutional Law If, — The Federal Government. General scope of
federal powers; money, banking, postal, and military powers;
foreign relations; territories, dependencies, and new states;
federal taxation; regulation of commerce; intergovernmental
relations; jurisdiction of federal courts. Three hours a week,
second semester. Professor Bates.


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Courses of Instruction 501

Corporations, Privote, — Two hours* a week for the year. Professor


Damages. — Two hours a week. Professor Drake.

Domestic Relations. — Husband and wife, parent and child, infancy.
Two hours a week. Professor Holbrook.

Insurance Law. — History, nature, and general principles of insurance
law; fire, life, accident, and marine insurance. Two hours a
week. Professor Lane.

Irrigation Law — Riparian rights in general; their extent, use and
protection; the doctrine of appropriation; initiation of rights;
priorities ; transfer and extinguishment of rights ; underground
waters; interstate streams. Two hours a week. Professor
Holbrook. (This coarse will not be given in 1920- 192 1, but
will be given in 1921-1922 and in alternate years thereafter.)

Jurisprudence, — The object of this course is to give students, after
their study of the various branches of the law in isolation, a
systematic and comprehensive study of the few underlying
principles of all law; taking Pound's ^'Readings in Jurispru-
dence" as the basis of lectures and recitations. Three hours a
week. Professor Drake.

Medical Jurisprudence. — A course of lectures on Medical Jurispru-
dence will be offered by Mr. Lightner, of the Detroit Bar. No
credit is given for this course.

Mining Law. — ^The discovery and location of lode and placer claims
under the mining laws; assessment work; extra-lateral rights;
adverse claims; mining claims and other public-land rights;
mining partnership. (This course will be given in 1920-1921
and in alternate years thereafter.) Two hours a week. Pro-
fessor Holbrook.

Mortgages. — Real property mortgages ; essential elements of the mort-
gage ; nature and incidents of the mortgage relation ; extent of
the mortgage lien; priorities, including the operation of the
recording acts; redemption and foreclosure: assignment of
mortgages; conveyance of the equity of redemption, and mar-
shalling. Two hours a week. Professor Durfee.

Municipal Corporations. — Two hours a week. Professor Holbrook.

Oil and Gas Mining Laivs. — Lectures by Mr. Jamls A. X'easey, of

Partnership. — Three hours a week. Professor Drake.


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502 Lcnv School

Patent Law, — ^The fundamental principles, development, and interpre-
tation of the statutes allowing special rights to inventors; the
application of the law in findings of fact and a general survey
of the procedure in suits on patents. Two hours a week. Pro-
fessor Waits.

Practice Court. — ^The purpose and nature of the work are explained
on page 506. Class divided into groups of four. One hour
each semester. Code Pleading is a prerequisite to the election
of this course under the law of a Code state. Professor Sun-

Procedure, Theory and Development of. — A critical study of the fun-
damental problems of remedial law» with the purpose of deter-
mining their essential scope and meaning and the possibili-
ties open for their solution. The subjects taken up for investi-
gation will include the jurisdiction and organization of courts,
with a comparative study of American, English and Continental
court systems, service of process, venue and appearance, prob-
lems relating to the use of the jury, simplification of pleadings,
parties to actions, methods of raising points of law, control of
the court over the proceedings in the cause, discovery, refer-
ence and agreed case, settlement after action brought, declara-
tory judgments, summary judgments, special verdicts, inter-
rogatories and findings, new trials, judgment notwithstand-
ing a contrary verdict, appeal and error. The material used
will consist largely of selected statutes and court rules taken
from many jurisdictions, both American and British, with a
view to exhibiting the best and most important modem methods
for dealing with the procedural problems here indicated. A
proper historical perspective will be preserved by a constant
comparison of the new methods with those employed by the
common law and chancery practice. Open . only to third and
fourth year students. Two hours a week. Professor Sunder-

Property III. — Titles to real estate inter vivos. Four hours a week.
Professor Siiartel.

Property IV. — Future and Conditional Estates. Two hours a week
for the year. Professor Goddard.

Public International Law. — Two hours a week for the year. Profes-
sor Dickinson.

Public Officers and Extraordinary Legal Remedies. — These subjects
are treated in one course, as cognate to and supplementary of
each other, the case selected at the same time developing the
law of extraordinary legal remedies and illustrating the law of
public officers. Nature of office; eligibility; appointment and


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Courses of Instruction 503

election; acceptance; qualifying; officers dg facto; validity of
contracts concerning offices and officers; resignation; removal;
acceptance of incompatible office; rights, duties, and liabilities
of officers; mandamus; quo warranto; prohibition; certiorari;
procendendo; habeas corpus. Two hours a week. Professor


Public Service Law. — A study of the rights, duties, and regulation
of utilities affected with a public interest, including valuation
and rate regulation, but excluding the law of common carriers
in so far as it has been treated in the course in Bailments and
Carriers. Two hours a week. Professor Goddard.

Quasi-contracts, — The doctrine of unjust enrichment — recovery of
benefits conferred under various forms of constraint and mis-
take, and in performance of contracts which are unenforceable
by reason of illegality, the statute of frauds, impossibility of
performance or breach ; waiver of tort and restitution as a
remedy for breach of contract. Two hours a week. Professor


Sales, — ^Transfer of title to personal property as the result of con-
tract; rules for determining intent as to relative time of its
transfer; effect of fraud in the inducement of the contract;
rights and remedies of the parties to the contract, and of other
parties affected by it; warranties and their effects. Three
hours a week. Professor Waite.

Suretyship. — ^Two hours a week. Professor Durfee.

Trial Practice, — A study of the principles controlling the various steps
in civil trials at law. The course will include the theory and
practice relating to the issuance of service and return of pro-
cess; appearance, both general and special; continuances; the
right to a jury trial and the empanelling of the jury ; the right
to open and close; the opening statement of counsel; judg-
ment on the pleadings; demurrer to the evidence; dismissal,
non-suit, and directed verdict; instructing the jury; argument
and conduct of counsel; special interrogatories and special
verdicts; judgment notwithstanding the verdict and in arrest
of judgment; new trials; and trial and findings by the court.
Two hours a week. Professor Sunderland.

Trusts. — Two hours a week for the year. Professor Dickinson.

Wills and Administration. — Gifts causa mortis; descent and distribu-
tion, testamentary capacity; execution; revocation and revival
of wills; construction of wills; ademption and lapse of lega-
cies; executors and administrators; payment of legacies; dis-
tribution of estate. Three hours a week. Professor Goddard.


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504 Law School


The summer session of the Law School continues for ten weeks;
it is divided into two terms of five weeks each. The courses given
are identical with the corresponding courses of the regular session,
full credit toward graduation is allowed upon their completion, and
the work is so arranged that a student who cares to avail himself of
the summer session, by beginning his law study in June of any year,
may save practically a year in the time required for graduation.
Three summer sessions are equivalent to one of the three years of
the course leading to a degree.

During the Summer Session of 1921 the following courses will
be given:


Common Law Pleading. — Six hours a week for the first half, nine
hours a week for the second half (five hours credit).

Torts. — Nine hours a week for the first half, six hours a week for
the second half (five hours credit).

Evidence. — Six hours a week for ten weeks (four hours credit).

Property III. — Six hours a week for ten weeks (four hours credit).

Corporations.— Six hours a week for ten weeks (four hours credit).

Property IV. — Six hours a week for ten weeks (four hours credit).


Quasi-contracts. — Six hours a week for live weeks (two hours credit).
Sales. — Nine hours a week for five weeks (three hours credit).


Code Pleading. — Six hours a week for five weeks (two hours credit).
Equity I. — Nine hours a week for five weeks (three hours credit).


The following courses of special lectures, given at intervals dur-
ing the year, are open to members of the second and third year classes.

Admiralty. — Lieut. Commander Faust.
Copyright Law. — Mr. Reed.
Legal Et/iics.—Mr. Maxwell.


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Fourth Year Curriculum 505

Medical Jurisprudence. — Dr. Vaughan, and Mr. Lightner.

Michigan Statute Law. — Mr. Boudeman.

Roman Law, Advanced Course. — Professor Drake.

Investment Securities. — Mr. Boudeman.

Trade-mark Law. — Mr. Rogers.


The degree of Master of Laws is conferred upon persons holding
the degree of Bachelor of Laws, granted by this University or by
any approvet] I41W School, provided that the applicant has main-
tained a high standard of scholarship in the law school from which
he obtained his degree, and has completed a fourth year of law study
as prescribed by the Faculty.

Graduates of the Law School of the University of Michigan will
be admitted as candidates for the degree of Master of Laws only
upon obtaining permission of the Dean. Those who have received
their degrees from other law schools must present certificates from
such schools showing in detail the courses taken and the scholarship
grades obtained in each course, and must, in addition, present a state-
ment from the Dean, or other officer of such school, to the effect that
tfte applicant is qualified to pursue further work in law and is recom-
mended therefor. This may be in a separate communication, or in
the certificate above referred to. It is proposed to admit to the
course only those students whose records indicate that they are above
mediocrity and will derive genuine benefit from further law work.

Candidates for the degree of Master of Laws shall take not less
than ten nor more than twelve hours of work each semester. This
work shall be elected :

* (a) from courses given in this school for which the candidate
has not already received credit, if he be a graduate of this school,
and of which he has not the equivalent, if he be a graduate of any
other law school. All graduates for this degree shall b^ required
to take courses in Roman Law and in the Science of Jurisprudence,
provided they have not received credit for said courses or their equiv-
alents. And, to a limited extent,

(b) from courses offered by the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts, directly connected with or collateral to some phase of
the law.

The following courses offered in this school are open only to
graduate students.

The Elements of Roman and Comparative Laiu. — Lectures and reci-
tations. An outline of the fundamental principles of Roman
and Comparative Law as given in Pound's Readings in Roman
Law, Three hours a week, first semester. Professor Drake.


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5o6 Lazv School

Roman Law, — Selected Titles of the Digest. Readings, interpreta-
tions, and critical discussion of

(a) De Adquirendo Rerum Dominio, XLI, i ; De Adquirenda
vel Amittcnda Possessione, XLI, a. Two hours a week, second
semester. Professor Drake.

(b) De Obltgatiombus. Two hours a week, second semester.
Professor Drake.

History of Legal Philosophy, Proseminary. — A study of the chief
schools of legal philosophy of ancient, medieval, and modern
periods. Three hours a week. Professor Drake.


It has been an objection frequently urged against the complete-
ness of the training given in law schools that the students acquire
no knowledge of actual practice. This objection has been largely
removed by the introduction into this school of the Practice Court.
The Practice Court is a part of the school, and is presided over by
the Professors of Practice, while the other members of the Faculty
co-operate in conducting it. Its work is divided into three parts,
that of the law term, that of the jury term, and that of the appellate
jurisdiction. The court is provided with a full corps of officers, in-
cluding the member of the Faculty who may sit from time to time
as a presiding judge, the full bench of judges sitting as a Supreme
Court, a clerk, a sheriff, and the necessary deputies. Ample and
commodious rooms have been provided for the use of the court, in-
cluding a court room furnished with the fittings necessary for the
trial of jury cases, and a clerk's office. The latter is provided with
the books and records used in actual practice.

The purpose of the court is to afford to the student practical
instruction in pleading and practice both at law and in equity, under
the common law system and the code of reformed procedure, and
actual experience in the commencement and trial of cases through all
their stages. In commencing the actions, the students assigned to
the case are permitted to select the state in which the action is sup-
posed to be brought, thus enabling the student to acquire the prac-
tice as prevailing in his own state. All questions of practice, plead-
ing, and procedure are governed by the law of the state in which the
action is so laid, but questions of substantive law are determined
according to the weight of authority.

Two classes of cases are presented :

First. — Cases arising upon given statements of facts, prepared and
assigned by the Professors of Practice, upon which process is to be
issued, pleadings are to be framed, and the cause conducted to an
issue, when it is argued and disposed of as a question of law upon
the facts submitted. This class of cases affords the student prac-
tical experience in the commencement of suits, the preparation of


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Michigan Law Review 507

pleadings, and the argmnent of the questions of law arising upon the
facts. The practice and pleadings are under the common law or the
code procedure, as the student may elect. There are three public
hearings in this course, a. The questions arising upon the pleadings
are argued and disposed of at a regular session of the court presided
over by the Professors of Practice, b. After the case is at issue
the pleadings are carefully examined by one of the Professors of
Practice, and are discussed and criticized in detail with the men who
draw them, and amendments are required whenever deemed advisable.
r. After the pleadings have been approved, the case is set down for
a separate hearing upon the questions of law. This argument is heard
by some member of the Faculty to' whom an exhaustive brief on the
law of the case must at the same time be submitted.

Second. — Actual controversies are arranged and assigned for trial
as Issues of fact. The course includes the entire conduct of an actual
case from its beginning to a final judgment. This involves the issue
of proper process, the preparation and filing of appropriate pleadings,
the subpoenaing of the witnesses, the impaneling of a jury, the examin-
ation and cross-examination of witnesses, the arguments to the court
and jury, and all other incidents of contested trial.

For the purpose of this work, the class is divided into sections,
and the work of attorneys, witnesses, jurors, and the like, is perform-
ed by the students. A member of the Faculty presides on the hearing
or trial of each case, and it is conducted with all the dignity and de-
corum of actual practice.


The Michigan Law Review is a legal periodical conducted
under the auspices of the Law School. It is edited by an Editorial
Board chosen from the Law Faculty, but all members of the Faculty
co-operate in conducting it Students selected from the second and
third year classes act as editorial assistants.

The purpose is to give expression to the legal scholarship of the
University, and to serve the profession and the public by timely dis-
cussion of legal problems, and by calling attention to the most im-
portant developments in the field of jurisprudence.

The Review is made up of four chief departments : First, lead-
ing articles upon important and interesting legal subjects; second,
notes and comments upon current topics and significant occurrences
in the legal world; third, abstracts and digests of the most important
recent cases; and fourth, reviews of books and comments on legal

It is the aim to make the Review practical without usurping
the functions of the text-book or the digest, and scholarly without
being so academic in character as to be out of touch with the needs


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5o8 Law School

and aims of the lawyer of today. It contains about ei^^hty pages in
each issue, and regularly appears on the first of each month during
the academic year. The enterprise is in no sense conducted for the
pecuniary benefit of those engaged in it, or any of them. All profits
which may accrue are devoted to the improvement of the magazine.

Special subscription rates are provided for students in the School.
It is recommended that general advantage be taken of this opportunity
to keep in touch with current legal problems and literature.


For rules governing participation in public activities see page no.


Ths Matriculation Fee and the Annual Fee must be paid in ad-
vance, and no student can enter upon his work until after such pay-
ment. For the rules governing Second Semester fees and the refund-
ing of fees, see page 117.

Matriculation FEES.^For Michigan students, ten dollars; for
all others, twenty-five dollars*

Annual Fee. — For Michigan students, one hundred five dollars,
for men, one hundred one dollars for women; for all others, one
hundred twenty- five dollars for men, one hundred twenty-one dollars
for women.

Graduation Fis. — For all alike, ten dollars.

For additional information in regard to expenses see page 115.


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College of Pharmacy*

A Special Announcement gifving further information in regard to
this College is published annually. For copies of this Announcement,
or for other information relating to the school, address The College
of Pharmacy, Ann Arbor, Michigan,

The College of Pharmacy of the University of Michigan was
organized as an independent nnit of the University on December 39,
1876. Previous to that time (from December aa, 1868) special in*
stmction in Pharmacy had been given as a part of the curriculum
of the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts. It was the first
of the University Colleges of Pharmacy in Uie United States. It it
essentially an assembled college since all subjects in the curriculum
other tluui Pharmacy are given by members of the faculty of each
department of specialization of the various colleges composing the
University. Thus, without additional expense to the State com-
petent authority in each subject is available.

The College of Pharmacy provides instruction in all branches of
Phannacy and related chemical pursuits. Graduates are assured of
such thorough training in both commercial and professional phar-
macy that they may regard the passing of State Board Examinations
as incidental to their qualifications, rather than the achievement for
which they have been striving. The course includes a broad and
extended training in chemistry, thus preparing each student for serv-
ice as a manufacturing chemist, or as an analytical chemist. He is
furthermore in a position to meet the demands of food or drug
manufacturers, who must at all times maintain the standard of purity
and high quality required by the State and Federal laws.

The schedule of studies has been outlined with intent to occupy
the entire time of each student In case a student finds it necessary
to work outside to help defray expenses, he must expect to elect
fewer hours of University work. This College offers decided ad-
van tages» in that it requires the same high standards of scholarship
as all other schools and colleges of the University and gives excellent
mental and physical discipline in the pursuance of severe studies and
exact operations by each student.

The college year extends from Tuesday, September 27, 1921, to

• Formerly known as the School of Pharmacy.


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5IO College of Pharmacy

Monday, June 19, 1922. Students of the first year are released the
second Friday before Commencement.

For the full regular work, admission cannot be granted at any
other time than at the opening of the first or the second semester
(February 13, 1922), as students are instructed in classes in pro-
gressive order. For investigation, or special studies, students can be
received at any time when there is room in the laboratories. Many of
the subjects taught in the College can also be taken in the Summer
Session of the University (sec a subsequent chapter).


Applicants for admission as undergraduates must be at least
sixteen years of age, and must have completed the requirements for
admission as here described. These requirements are stated in units,
a unit meaning the equivalent of five recitations a week in one branch
of study for one year, amounting in the aggregate to not less than
one hundred twenty sixty-minute hours in the clear. Two to three
hours laboratory, drawing, or shopwork, will be counted as equivalent
to one of recitation.

Plan A, For the graduates of all the accredited schools except
those entitled to optional privilege of Plan B.

The fifteen units presented for admission on certificate mast in-
clude twelve units from Group I and three additional units from
either Group I or Group II. It is, however, strongly recommended
that one or more studies be pursued throughout the four 3rears of
the high school course. The fifteen units must include the following:

English 3 units

Foreign Language, any one a units

Greek, Latin, French, Spanish or German

Algebra i unit

(Geometry I unit

Physics I unit

Chemistry I unit

Piatt B, Graduates of schools on the approved list of the North
Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools will be ad-
mitted upon the presentation of a recommendation covering not less
than fifteen units, of which twelve must be from Group I, inclading

Online LibraryUniversity of MichiganCatalogue of the University of Michigan → online text (page 45 of 75)